#EngGame: Common spelling mistakes

Rules of the game:

  1. Type the number of the question as you answer.
  2. Choose the right spelling between 2 words.

Let’s start!

  1. “Cemetery” or “cemetary”?
  2. “Espresso” or “expresso”?
  3. “Government” or “goverment”?
  4. “Enlightment” or “enlightenment”?
  5. “Forty” or “fourty”?
  6. “Pronounciation” or “pronunciation”?
  7. “Writting” or “writing”?
  8. “Ninth” or “nineth”?
  9. “Acknowledge” or “aknowlegde”?
  10. “Beautiful” or “beautifull”?
  11. “Bussiness” or “business”?
  12. “Misspell” or “mispell”?
  13. “Devide” or “divide”?
  14. “Grammer” or “grammar”?
  15. “Bycicle” or “bicycle”?
  16. “Chinese” or “Chinesse”?
  17. “Until” or “untill”?
  18. “Potatoes” or “potatos”?
  19. “Strength” or “strenght”?
  20. “Dissappear” or “disappear”?

ANSWERS:

  1. cemetery
  2. espresso
  3. government
  4. enlightenment
  5. forty
  6. pronunciation
  7. writing
  8. ninth
  9. acknowledge
  10. beautiful
  11. business
  12. misspell
  13. divide
  14. grammar
  15. bicycle
  16. Chinese (with capital letter)
  17. until
  18. potatoes
  19. strength
  20. disappear

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U  for@EnglishTips4U on Saturday, July 23, 2011


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#EngClass: Modal auxiliary

The modal auxiliaries (singular: auxiliary) mencakup can, may, might, could, would, will, shall, must, should, ought to, used to.

Modal auxiliary digunakan untuk menunjukkan seberapa yakin kita akan suatu hal. Secara umum, modal auxilliary dapat dibedakan menjadi 2 kelompok, yaitu stronger and weaker.

Stronger and weaker adalah modal ausxilliary yang di gunakan ketika saat kita berada dalam kondisi tidak mengetahui kebenaran akan suatu hal. Terdapat beberapa contoh kalimat untuk memperjelas kondisi tersebut yang menggunakan beberapa jenis modal auxiliary.

  • “It will be Ana,”
  • “It must be Ana,”
  • “It should be Ana,”
  • “It may be Ana,”
  • “It might be Ana,”
  • “It could be Ana,”
  • “It won’t be Ana,”
  • “It can’t be Ana,” atau
  • “It couldn’t be Ana.”

Jika respon diurutkan, kalimat yang pertama paling yakin dan yang terakhir paling tidak yakin.

Berikut ini adalah beberapa jenis modal auxiliary beserta arti dan contoh penggunaannya dalam kalimat.

  1. ‘Can’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “The news about him can be true.”
    • Ability. Contoh:
      • “I can play the piano well.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You can go now,” my mother said.
  2. ‘May’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It may rain tonight.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You may go now,” my mother said.
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • May your dreams come true.”
  3. ‘Might’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It might rain tonight.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You might go now.” my mother said.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I might have won the game.”
  4. ‘Could’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It could rain tonight.”
    • Ability. Contoh:
      • “I could play the piano when I was six.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “My mother said I could go.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I could have won the game.”
  5. ‘Would’ memiliki arti:
    • Habit. Contoh:
      • “When I was six, I would go to my parents’ room and sleep there.”
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I wish it would rain tonight.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • “It would rain tonight.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I would have won the game.”
  6. ‘Will’ memiliki arti:
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I hope it will be fine.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • “It will rain tonight.”
  7. ‘Shall’ memiliki arti:
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I hope it shall be fine.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • Shall we go now?”
  8. ‘Must’ memiliki arti:
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You must finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It must be Ana.”
  9. ‘Should’ memiliki arti:
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I should have won the game.”
    • Tentative meaning. Contoh:
      • Should there be a problem, call me.”
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You should finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It should be Ana.”
  10. ‘Ought to’ memiliki arti:
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You ought to finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It ought to be Ana.”
  11. ‘Used to’ memiliki arti:
    • Past state or habit. Contoh:
      • “When I was six, I used to go to my parents’ room and sleep there.”

 

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, July 20, 2011

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#EngClass: British vs American English in Harry Potter books

Do you know buku Harry Potter dalam Bahasa Inggris dicetak dalam 2 versi, untuk Inggris (UK) dan Amerika Serikat (US). Ada yang mengoleksi buku Harry Potter dalam Bahasa Inggris? Kalau kamu bandingkan, ada perbedaan di British dan American English yang digunakan.

Contohnya ada di judul buku Harry Potter pertama, “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” (UK) dan “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone” (US).

Berikut adalah daftar penamaan hal-hal yang berbeda dalam British English dan American English di dalam buku Harry Potter:

  1. British English (BrE): car park. vs. American English (AmE): parking lot.
    • Arti: tempat parkir.
  2. BrE: jumper. vs. AmE: sweater.
    • Arti: baju hangat.
  3. BrE: nutter. vs. AmE: maniac.
    • Arti: orang gila.
  4. BrE: cupboard. vs. AmE: closet.
    • Arti: lemari.
  5. BrE: torch. vs. AmE: flashlight.
    1. Arti: lampu senter.
  6. BrE: biscuits. vs. AmE: cookies.
    • Arti: kue kering.
  7. BrE: letter boxes. vs. AmE: mailboxes.
    • Arti: kotak surat.
  8. BrE: dustbin. vs. AmE: trash can.
    • Arti: tempat sampah.
  9. BrE: cooker. vs. AmE: stove.
    • Arti: kompor.
  10. BrE: fringe. vs. AmE: bangs.
    • Arti: poni (rambut).
  11. BrE: motorbike. vs. AmE: motorcycle.
    • Arti: sepeda motor.
  12. BrE: comprehensive. vs. AmE: public school.
    • Arti: sekolah negeri.
  13. BrE: football. vs. AmE: soccer.
    • Arti: sepak bola.
  14. BrE: trolley. vs. AmE: cart.
    • Arti: kereta barang.
  15. BrE: rucksack. vs. AmE: backpack.
    • Arti: tas punggung.
  16. BrE: driver. vs. AmE: conductor.
    • Arti: masinis.
  17. BrE: trainers. vs. AmE: sneakers.
    • Arti: sepatu olahraga.
  18. BrE: sports lessons. vs. AmE: gym.
    • Arti: kelas olahraga.
  19. BrE: chips. vs. AmE: fries.
    • Arti: kentang goreng.
  20. BrE: queuing. vs. AmE: lining up.
    • Arti: mengantri.
  21. BrE: register. vs. AmE: roll call.
    • Arti: absensi.
  22. BrE: toilet. vs. AmE: bathroom.
    • Arti: kamar mandi.
  23. BrE: changing room. vs. AmE: locker room.
    • Arti: ruang ganti.
  24. BrE: dressing gown. vs. AmE: bathrobe.
    • Arti: jubah mandi.
  25. BrE: time-table. vs. AmE: schedule.
    • Arti: jadwal.

Do you know that the ending “-ise” and “-ize” in verbs such as “recognise” and “recognize” are both used in UK? However, “-ize” is only used in US.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for@EnglishTips4U on Thursday, July 21, 2011


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#EngGame: solve these riddles (1)

Who wants to play some English games? Let’s solve some riddles, shall we?

riddle -n. a question or statement so framed as to exercise one’s ingenuity in answering it or discovering its meaning. Indonesian: teka-teki.

Rules of the game:

  1. Type the number of the question as you answer.
  2. Clues will be given on how many letters the answer is.

Let’s start!

  1. What goes around the world and stays in a corner? _ _ _ _ _ (5 letters)
  2. What can fill a room but takes up no space? _ _ _ _ _ (5 letters)
  3. Take off my skin, I won’t cry, but you will. What am I? _ _ _ _ _ (5 letters)
  4. What has to be broken before it can be used? _ _ _ (3 letters)
  5. You answer me although I never ask you questions. What am I? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (9 letters)
  6. It’s in the middle of the sea. It appears in the evening and disappears in the morning. Love without it is nothing. _ (1 letter)
  7. What goes round the house and in the house but never touches the house? _ _ _ (3 letters)
  8. What holds water yet is full of holes? _ _ _ _ _ _ (6 letters)
  9. What comes once in a minute, twice in a moment, but never in a thousand years? _ (1 letter)
  10. What gets wet when drying? _ _ _ _ _ (5 letters)

——————–

ANSWER KEY:

  1. stamp
  2. light
  3. onion
  4. egg
  5. telephone
  6. E
  7. sun
  8. sponge
  9. M
  10. towel

DYK? The ending “-ise” and “-ize” in verbs such as “recognise” and “recognize” are both used in UK. However, “-ize” only used in US.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U on July 20, 2011

#GrammarTrivia: “actually”

DYK? Kata “actually” memiliki arti yang sama dengan “in fact”/ “in reality” (pada kenyataannya). Digunakan untuk

  1. menegaskan sesuatu.
  2. tidak menyetujui sesuatu.

Kata “actually” artinya tidak sama dengan “now”/ “at present” (saat ini).

1) “actually” digunakan untuk menekankan sesuatu, ketika kita ingin mengungkapkan fakta yang mengejutkan. Digunakan di tengah kalimat. Contoh:

  1. “There is this very beautiful girl next door. You can actually see her from across the street.”
  2. “That company’s revenue grows bigger every year. The owner actually does all the jobs himself.”

2) “actually” digunakan untuk tidak menyetujui sesuatu. Jika kita pikir yang dikatakan atau dilakukan seseorang salah, kita bisa mengoreksinya dengan “actually”. Untuk fungsi yang ke-2, “actually” digunakan di awal atau akhir kalimat. Contoh:

  1. “People say love brings happiness. Actually it’s the other way around.”
  2. “Thanks for helping me with my school assignment. | Well, it wasn’t me. It was Andy who helped you, actually.”

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U on July 17, 2011

#EngClass: agreement

agreement adalah kecocokan antara subject (subyek) dan verb (kata kerja) dalam suatu clause (klausa). Clause: struktur utama kalimat.

  • Sedikit tentang clause: sebuah kalimat setidaknya terdiri dari satu clause. Bentuk clause pada umumnya terdiri dari: S(ubject)+V(erb).
  • Contoh clause: “The baby cries.” (S+V); “I like apples.” (S+V+O); etc. Sebuah kalimat bisa terdiri dari lebih dari satu clause.

Kembali ke “agreement“…

Jadi, yang dimaksud adalah kecocokan antara S “the baby” pada contoh tadi dengan V “cries“. Atau S “I” dengan V “like“.

Aturan dasar “agreement“: singular subject + singular verb phrase. Atau plural subject + plural verb phrase. Berlaku untuk kata ganti orang ke-3.

agreement” berlaku pada penggunaan present tense untuk verb; namun juga pada past tense untuk verb “be“. Kita beri contohnya ya…

Pada present tense (berlaku untuk verb):

  1. They like apples.” – “She likes apples.”
  2. The baby cries.” – “The babies cry.”

Perhatikan perbedaan penggunaan kata “like” pada S “they” (plural) dan “she” (singular). Juga penggunaan kata “cry” pada S “baby” dan “babies“.

Contoh verb “be”:

  1. Present tense: “The book is pink.” – “The books are pink.”
  2. Past tense: “He was sick.” – “They were sick.”

Perhatikan perbedaan penggunaan bentuk “be” menjadi “is” dan “are” pada present tense; dan “was” dan “were” pada past tense, sesuai dengan S.

Written by @EnglishTips4U on July 17, 2011

#GrammarTrivia: Uncountable noun

“Countable noun” memiliki bentuk singular (tunggal) dan plural (jamak), sementara “uncountable noun” memiliki bentuk singular saja.

Kebanyakan noun (kata benda) termasuk dalam “countable noun”.

Contoh:

  • “a baby” (bentuk singular) – “babies” (bentuk jamak).

uncountable noun” merujuk pada benda yang tak bisa dihitung. Benda yang termasuk dalam kategori ini antara lain zat, cairan, gas, ide abstrak.

Contoh

  • (zat) paper, gold, rock;
  • (benda cair) water, oil;
  • (gas) smoke, oxygen;
  • (ide abstrak) music, money.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for@EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, July 12, 2011


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#BusEng: Business English verbs (1)

All questions are taken from: Business English Verbs by David Evans, published by Penguin English.

  1. Advise. “They advised us to go to another bank.” The Indonesian word for “advise” is …
  2. Assemble. “The cars are assembled at our factory.” The Indonesian word for “assemble” is …
  3. Auction. “They auctioned the painting today.” The Indonesian word for “auction” is …
  4. Bribe. “He bribed the customs officer.” The Indonesian word for “bribe” is …
  5. Confess. “I must confess – I didn’t think of that.” The Indonesian word for “confess” is …
  6. Defraud. “He defrauded his business partner.” The Indonesian word for “defraud” is …
  7. Endorse. “The French team is endorsing our car.” The Indonesian word for “endorse” is …
  8. Foot the bill. “We all had to foot the bill.” The Indonesian meaning of “foot the bill” is …
  9. Go on strike. “They went on strike for more pay.” The Indonesian meaning of “go on strike” is …
  10. Go short. “She went short on sterling.” The Indonesian meaning of “go short” is …

ANSWERs:

  1. advise = menyarankan.
  2. assemble = merakit (pasif: dirakit).
  3. auction = melelang.
  4. bribe = menyuap.
  5. confess = mengakui.
  6. defraud = menggelapkan uang.
  7. endorse = membiayai/mensponsori/menyokong.
  8. shoot the bill = membayar semua biaya/tagihan.
  9. go on strike = mogok (kerja).
  10. go short = kekurangan.

TRIVIA: The ending “-ise” and “-ize” in verbs such as “recognise” and “recognize” are both used in UK. However, “-ize” only used in US.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, July 11, 2011


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#EngProverb: English proverbs

  1. Learn to walk before you run.” – Don’t rush into doing something until you know how to do it.
  2. Money doesn’t grow on trees.” – You shouldn’t waste money because it is not plentiful.
  3. Patience is a virtue.” – It is good to be patient.
  4. Still waters run deep.” – A quiet person can have much knowledge or wisdom.
  5. The best things in life are free.” – You don’t have to pay for what is important: happiness, friendship, good health.
  6. When in Rome, do as the Romans do.” – You should adopt the customs of the people or country you are visiting.
  7. Walls have ears.” – Be careful. People could be listening.
  8. It’s no use crying over spilt milk.” – Don’t express regret for something that has happened and cannot be remedied.
  9. He who hesitates is lost.” – If you delay your decision too long, you may miss a good opportunity.
  10. Fools rush in where angels fear to tread.” – Inexperienced people act in situations that more intelligent people would avoid.

Compiled by @EnglishTips4U on July 10, 2011

#EngClass: “Another,” “other,” “others,” “the other,” “the others”

Another“, “other“, “others“, “the other“, “the others” semua bersumber dari kata yang sama: “other“. Sebelum kita bahas perbedaan dari setiap kata tersebut, mari kita bedakan penggunaan “other” ke dalam 2 kelompok:

  1. sebagai adjective (kata sifat).
  2. sebagai pronoun (kata ganti).

Dalam masing-masing kelompok, other memiliki bentuk singular (tunggal) dan plural (jamak).

“Other” sebagai adjective (kata sifat)

Seperti fungsi dari adjective, maka bentuk other di kelompok ini berfungsi untuk “memberi sifat” pada noun (kata benda). MIsalnya, bentuk “other” sebagai adjective: “another,” “other,” “the other.” Jika ditempatkan dalam sebuah kalimat, masing-masing dari kata tersebut diikuti oleh noun. Misalnya,”another book“.

Di dalam kalimat, “another” menunjukkan kata benda tunggal, sedangkan “other” menunjukkan kata benda jamak. Sementara, “the other” bisa diikuti oleh singular atau plural noun.

Contoh:

  • “another book,”
  • “other books,”
  • “the other book,”
  • “the other books.”

Perhatikan juga bentuk penulisan singular dan plural noun.

Contoh:

  • There are many books in my bag. One is mine. Another book is his. Other books are hers. The other books are theirs.

Other” sebagai pronoun (kata ganti)

JIka “other” berperan sebagai kata ganti, kita bisa menggunakannya tanpa diikuti kata benda. Adapun contoh bentuk “other” sebagai pronoun, antara lain “another,” “others,” “the other,” “the others.” Perhatikan others dan the others tidak ada pada kelompok 1.

Dalam sebuah kalimat “another” dan the other” digunakan untuk mengantikan kata benda tunggal (singular noun), sedangkan others” dan “the others” digunakan untuk menunjukkan kata benda jamak (plural noun).

Contoh:

  • There are many books in my bag. One is mine. Another is his. Others are hers. The others are theirs.

Perhatikan perbedaan pada contoh “other” sebagai adjective dan pronoun. Contohnya, frase “other books” bisa digantikan dengan “others” saja.

Arti dari bentuk “other”

Yang terakhir, berikut arti dari penggunaan “another“, “other“, “others“, “the other“, “the others“, yang berlaku untuk semua kelompok:

  1. Another sebagai satu tambahan lagi selain dari yang sudah disebutkan.
    • Contoh:
      • another book” (satu buku.)
  2. Other/others (tanpa “the“) yang berarti beberapa tambahan lagi selain dari yang sudah disebutkan.
    • Contoh:
      • other books” (beberapa buku lainnya.)
  3. The other/the others yang berarti semua yang tersisa selain dari yang sudah disebutkan.
    • Contoh:
      • the other books” (beberapa sisa buku lainnya/ selebihnya.)

Compiled and written by @ for @ on Saturday, July 9, 2011


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#GrammarTrivia: decimal numbers

Apa kamu tahu dalam Bahasa Inggris, bilangan desimal ditulis menggunakandecimal point yang berupa tanda (.) titik, bukan (,) koma.

  • Contoh:
    • 7.5 = seven point five (dalam Bahasa Indonesia: tujuh koma lima).
    • 1.8 = one point eight.
    • 6.29 = six point two nine.

Compiled and written by @ for @ on Firday, July 8, 2011


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#TOEFL: Vocabulary exercise (2)

RULES:

  1. Choose the right synonym of the word in the brackets.
  2. Type the number of the question as you answer.

Let’s go!

The criminal was asked to aid police in their (enquiry).
A) interview
B) investigation
C) questions
The use of penicillin is (diffuse).
A) limited
B) widely available
C) increasing
He (pored over) the questions until he couldn’t keep his eyes open anymore.
A) asked
B) examined
C) memorized
You will find the building at the main (intersection).
A) ending
B) crossing
C) roundabout
He found the smell of the lotus blossom (repugnant), and asked for a different flower.
A) enjoyable
B) disgusting
C) delightful
His boss (streamlined) company procedures.
A) increased
B) made easier
C) lost
Uncertainty about the economy is (widespread).
A) limited
B) everywhere
C) decreased
His comments can be rather (harsh) at times.
A) pleasant
B) extreme
C) precise
The issue (touched off) an argument between the two parties.
A) ended
B) began
C) complicated
You’d better get a few (winks) before tomorrow.
A) dollars
B) sleep
C) friends

Compiled and written by @ for@ on Saturday, July 8, 2011


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#EngTips: types of nouns

Secara umum, jenis “noun” atau kata benda bisa dibedakan sebagai berikut: countable VS uncountable, concrete VS abstract, common VS proper.

  • Countable noun memiliki bentuk singular (tunggal) dan plural (jamak). Contoh: book/ books.
  • Sementara uncountable noun memiliki satu bentuk saja. Contoh: air, water, information.
  • Concrete noun = memiliki bentuk konkrit. Contoh: book, air, water.
  • Abstract noun = tidak memiliki bentuk konkrit (abstrak). Contoh: idea, love, information.
  • Common noun = kata benda yang digunakan untuk menunjuk pada orang, jenis benda, zat, dll. Bisa ditambahkan “articlea/ an/ the. Contoh: friend, book, air.
  • Proper noun = kata benda yang digunakan untuk menunjuk pada seseorang/ sebuah tempat/ organisasi secara spesifik. Contoh: Amy, Jakarta, DPR.

Written by @ on July 7, 2011

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