Saturday, 19 May 2018, saw the wedding of Prince Harry and Ms Meghan Markle, who were designed the Duke and Duchess of Sussex shortly before the ceremony started. Here are the facts of the 2018 Royal Wedding:
Although there was no set protocol, a royal wedding of the British royal family has always happened on a weekday. The Duke and Duchess of Sussex opted for a weekend wedding to allow as many people as possible to celebrate the occasion.
Having come from a biracial background, the Duchess of Sussex has been considered by many to make the British monarchy more accessible and diverse.
The Duchess has also been involved in numerous charitable works, including issues on equality and women’s health.
Photographer Alexi Lubomirski, who captured the Duke and Duchess’ official engagement pictures, was selected to cover the wedding.
American Bishop Michael Curry captured the world’s attention with a long and powerful address. The Chicago-born bishop spoke passionately about the power of love, quoting Dr Martin Luther King Jr.
The Duke and Duchess’ wedding song, Ben E King’s classic ‘Stand by Me,’ was performed during the ceremony by Karen Gibson and the Kingdom Choir.
Also performing was Sheku Kanneh-Mason. The 19-year-old cellist, who was dubbed BBC’s Young Musician of the Year in 2016, performed 3 songs.
Clare Waight Keller from Givenchy was the designer of the Duchess’ wedding dress. The dress was also complemented by a veil which had flowers from 53 Commonwealth nations embroidered on it.
The Duchess paid tribute to the late Princess Diana by including forget-me-not, Princess Diana’s favourite flower, in her wedding bouquet. The bouquet also contained flowers hand-picked by the Duke from Kensington Palace.
The Duchess of Sussex has followed tradition of placing her wedding bouquet on the tomb of the unknown warrior at Westminster Abbey. The tradition was started by Queen Mother (the mother of Queen Elizabeth II) the day after her wedding to future King George VI.
Those are #RoyalWedding trivia that I can share with you, fellas.
Source: The Sun, ABC Australia, CBC Canada, BBC, The Telegraph, and Harper’s Bazaar.
We all have that one friend who sings beautifully, albeit never considering singing as a professional career. What should we say to compliment him/her? Do we say, “I love you singing,” or do we say, “I love your singing?” Which one is correct, fellas?
@ghaniginanjar: The second one. I love your singing.
@KushalRJoshi: Second one?
@endang_yl: I love your singing.
@XxKit_kat: The 2nd one ‘I love your singing’ = ‘I love the sound of your voice when you sing’.
On one fine afternoon, you and a friend are out for a walk. You pass a bus stop where a woman seems to be crying. Do you say to your friend, “Did you see that woman crying?” or do you say, “Did you see that woman’s crying?”
@Goyoomin: Did you see that woman crying?
So, what is the difference between these two situations? Why do we use the possessive form ‘your singing’ in the first example, but then we use ‘see that woman crying’ in the second example?
Let’s go back to what gerund is. Gerund is a verb that has transformed into and functions as a noun. Therefore, the way we use gerund should always be in line with the way we use a noun, including combining it with a possessive form.
If we see a sentence like the one in the first example, “I love your singing,” it’s very likely that the thing we love is ‘the singing that belong to you.’ ‘Singing‘ here is something owned by ‘you,’ or in other words, ‘your singing.’
What about the second example? Does it make sense if I modify the sentence into, “Did you see that crying woman?” Does the sentence still have the same meaning?
‘Crying‘ in the second example is not a gerund. It is in fact an adjective, modifying ‘that woman.’ Therefore, we do not need to use a possessive form like we did with the first example.
Two tips to determine whether a verb -ing should come with a possessive form or not:
Check the object of our action. In the first example, is it the ‘you’ that you love or is it the ‘singing that belongs to you?’
Try switching the sentence’s structure. Modifying the first sentence into ‘I love singing you’ does not quite make the same sense as modifying the second sentence into ‘Did you see that crying woman?’
Do you mind (me/my) asking questions?
No, not at all. I appreciate (you/your) coming to me.
I heard about the (project/project’s) being cancelled.
In fact, we anticipate the possibility of (it/its) succeeding.
“Do you mind my asking questions?”
Checklist: – What will the other person mind about?
The action ‘asking questions’ that belongs to the speaker. ‘Asking questions’ here is a gerund. – How could we modify the sentence into? The sentence could be modified into, “Do you mind asking me questions?” or “Do you mind asking my questions?” which does not have the same meaning as the primary sentence.
“No, not at all. I appreciate your coming to me.” Checklist: – What does the speaker appreciate? The action ‘coming to me’ that belongs to the interlocutor. ‘Coming to me’ here is a gerund. – How could we modify the sentence into? The sentence could be modified into, “I appreciate coming you to me,” which does not have any clear meaning.
“I heard about the project being almost cancelled.” Checklist: – What did the speaker hear about? The project is being almost cancelled. ‘Being almost cancelled’ here is an adjective. – How could we modify the sentence into? The sentence could be modified into, “I heard about the almost-cancelled project,” which has the exact same meaning as the primary sentence.
“In fact, we anticipate the possibility of its succeeding.” Checklist: – What does the speaker anticipate? The success of the project. ‘Succeeding’ here is a gerund. – How could we modify the sentence into? The sentence could be modified into, “In fact, we anticipate the possibility of succeeding it,” which creates double meanings. It can mean that the project is being successful or it can mean that the project is being followed by another project. The phrase ‘its succeeding’ will remove the ambiguity.
Special shout-out to one of our fellas who sent us a question about how to use possessives with gerunds during our LINE chat session. If you would like a one-one-one consultation as well, add us on LINE @EnglishTips4U.
People who were born from 1981 to 1997 are often being referred to as millennial generation or simply ‘millennials.’ This age group is also the one who prides itself as 90s kids, as the people who belong to it spent their childhood and teenage era in the 90s.
Now, most millennials have grown up to the productive age when they start working as professionals. Fast-thinking, self-assured, and a high adaptability to technology are often considered as millennial workers’ strengths.
Sadly, millennials often get labelled as disloyal, quickly jumping from one job to the next, having high expectation, and having a great deal of entitlement. Millennials also tend to get bored easily. If they feel they are stuck, they will find a way to be unstuck, which makes them seem difficult to deal with. These traits make millennials easily misunderstood by their coworkers and employers who are from older generation.
So, how can millennials solve this? I’d like to share several old-school career rules that millennials can apply to their professional life.
Even when we’re working in the same workplace, people come from varied backgrounds. This means that we need to explain ourselves from time to time. So, there shouldn’t be ‘I thought you already knew’ or ‘Nobody told me that.’
Be on time.
By being on time (or early, if possible) we show people that we respect their schedule and we take them seriously. Besides, a delay often leads to other delays. If we don’t finish a task in a timely manner, it is very likely that the other tasks are delayed. In a fast-paced working environment, things can easily get out of hand.
Eyes on the details.
Be it on the way we dress, the way we write our emails with proper and acceptable manners in business relationship, or the way we refrain ourselves from checking our phones during important meetings, pay attention to small details. Again, we want to show our partners that working with them is important to us.
Never underestimate any tasks.
“I didn’t spend 5 years in the university only to work on Excel spreadsheets,” was my thought on the first day of my first job. Do you also have a similar experience, fellas? Well, no matter how much we dislike trivial assignments, they are actually necessary to learn the workflow at the workplace. If we can handle trivia, we can always ask for more responsibilities to our supervisor.
Give time for a change to happen.
Oftentimes, we as millennials want to see some changes to immediately happen once we utter the ideas. A new coworker to share our workloads with, a promotion, a more challenging position, or anything similar. What we should realize is that our supervisor or employer makes a decision that concerns many other people. Therefore, they might take some time before making up their mind.
That’s all I can share, fellas. Let us as millennials be a good example for our generation, while also being an agent of change to the workforce.
Today we will learn about some words that are used to describe medical conditions.
Medical conditions usually have some symptoms and signs.
Some words related to medical conditions:
Acute: an illness that is short in duration, rapidly progressive, and in need of urgent care.
E.g. “He’s suffering from an acute infection of the lower respiratory tract.”
Advance: the disease is already ahead in development because it has already had some time to spread.
E.g. “You may have an advanced cancer.”
Asymptomatic: the disease show no physical signs of a medical problem.
E.g. “It is commonly asymptomatic in anaemic patients.”
Autoimmune: antibodies attack normal cells or substances that naturally present in the body.
E.g. “The patient had been diagnosed with unclassified autoimmune disease.”
Chronic: an illness that is characterized by long duration or frequent recurrence.
E.g. “He was suffering from chronic bronchitis.”
Congenital: a disease or physical abnormality present at birth.
E.g. “He has a congenital heart defect.”
Contagious: a disease that can spread from one person to another by direct or indirect contact.
E.g. “The infection is highly contagious, so don’t let anyone else use your towel.”
Degenerative: a disease that gradually gets worse, resulting in loss of function in the organs or tissues.
E.g. “Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease due to the wear and tear of joint cartilage.”
Epidemic: a widespread occurence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
E.g. “Doctors are struggling to contain the epidemic.”
Generalized: an infection that has entered the bloodstream, affecting most of the body.
E.g. “She experienced an increase in generalized aches and pains.”
Happy National Education Day, fellas! Let us all take a moment to be thankful for the quality of education that has brought us to where we are today.
Many Indonesian in the past did not quite have the privilege and access for good education like what we enjoy today, but that did not stop them to become intellectuals. Some even contributed to bring the end to the occupation in Indonesia. Therefore, I’d like to make today’s session a tribute to our national heroes by sharing their famous quotes that are related to education.
P.S.: I translated some of them from the original ones which are in Bahasa Indonesia, so feel free to correct the translation if it’s wrong.
“Learning without thinking is useless, but thinking without learning is very dangerous!” – Soekarno, first President of Indonesia.
“I’d volunteer to go to prison, as long as there are books, because with books I am free.” – Mohammad Hatta, first Vice-President of Indonesia.
“Only with education will we build our nation.” – Dewi Sartika, founder of the first school for women.
“The purposes of education are to sharpen our wits, strengthen our will, and soften our senses.” – Tan Malaka, politician and activist.
“Advancing in civilization requires advancing in both intelligence and character growth.” – Kartini, women’s rights activist.
“Make a teacher out of everyone and a school out of every place.” – Ki Hajar Dewantara, first Minister of National Education of Indonesia and the national hero whose birthday we celebrate as National Education Day.
Have you ever heard or used the word ‘portmanteau?’
A portmanteau (/pɔːrtˈmæntoʊ/) or portmanteau word is a blend of words, in which parts of multiple words or their sounds are combined into a new word. A portmanteau is also called blending word. For initial information of blending words, check out https://englishtips4u.com/2012/06/27/engclass-blending-words/
There are many portmanteau words that have been widely used, such as ‘smog’ (from ‘smoke’ + ‘fog’), ‘netizen’ (from ‘internet’ + ‘citizen’), or ‘workaholic’ (from ‘work’ + ‘alcoholic’).
If we categorize them, we will find that there are portmanteau words for:
A new breed is usually named with a portmanteau word.
A ‘liger’ is the offspring of a male lion and a female tiger.
Popular culture. E.g.:
– ‘Brangelina’ is a portmanteau of Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie’s name.
– ‘Bromance’ is a portmanteau of ‘brother’ and ‘romance,’ usually used to describe a tight friendship between two men.
– ‘Motorcycle,’ from ‘motorized’ + ‘bicycle.’
– ‘Taxicab,’ from ‘taxi’ + ‘cabriolet’ (a type of horse carriage). Now, taxicab is more commonly known as simply ‘taxi’ or ‘cab.’
– ‘Brunch,’ from ‘breakfast’ + ‘lunch.’
– ‘Cronut,’ from ‘croissant’ + ‘doughnut.
General use. E.g.:
– ‘Brexit,’ from ‘Britain’ + ‘exit.’
– ‘Hangry,’ from ‘hungry’ + ‘angry.’
Internet and computing. E.g.:
– ‘Email,’ from ‘electronic’ + ‘mail.’
– ‘Internet,’ from ‘international’ + ‘network.’
– ‘Skype,’ from ‘sky’ + ‘peer-to-peer.’
– ‘Pinterest,’ from ‘pin’ + ‘interest.’
– ‘Microsoft,’ from ‘microcomputer’ + ‘software.’
@Rnfadillaa: I just knewwww netizen means internet citizen. Thanksss @EnglishTips4U. @laptamy: How about Frienemy? Is it a portmanteau too? Yes, ‘frenemy’ comes from ‘friend’ + ‘enemy,’ used to describe someone with whom we have a love-hate relationship.
Today we will talk about expressing illnesses.
Illness means a disease or period of sickness affecting the body or mind.
You can review the first lesson here englishtips4u.com/2011/06/19/engclass-expressing-illness/
We use the word ‘illness’ to talk about times when we are in poor health, or are feeling generally unwell.
If a part of the body feel hurt or pain, we can use the word ‘ache’.
Ache means that your body suffer a continuous, prolonged dull pain.
To say that a part of your body is hurt, you can combine it with the word ‘ache’.
Some common words with ‘ache’:
1. Earache: pain in the ear.
E.g. “I’ve got a terrible earache and a sore throat.”
2. Backache, usually called ‘back pain’: pain in low or upper back.
E.g. “Poor posture for a period of time is worsening my backache.”
3. Bellyache: pain in the bowels.
E.g. “The bad water gave me bellyache.”
Other common illness:
1. Diarrhea: repeated bowel movement in which makes the body’s solid waste more liquid.
E.g. “My brother got severe diarrhea.”
2. Hemorrhage: an escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel.
E.g. “He sank into coma after suffering a brain hemorrhage.”
3. Acne: the occurence of inflamed or infected sebaceous glands in the skin.
E.g. “She had terrible acne when she was younger.”
4. Asthma: a medical condition (spasms in the broncho of the lungs) that makes breathing difficult.
E.g. “I think he’s having an asthma attack.”
5. Nausea: a feeling of sickness with an inclination to vomit.
E.g. “He was overcome with nausea after eating some bad food.”
Hi, Fellas. This mini game is actually had been performed before. If you missed the first part, you can check it by following this link.
Just like the previous game, I will give the names of the country and you will tell me and the other Fellas the nationality of the people who live in the given country. I will give you 8 clues which are the suffix usually put after the name of the country. They are: “-ian,” “-ean,” “-an,” “-ese,” “-er,” “-ic,” “-ish,” and “–i.”
Daft = silly, foolish (informal use).
“There is nothing daft about my fondness for Daft Punk. Their music suits my taste.”
Deranged = mad, insane.
“Police managed to stop that deranged gunman before he could shoot anyone.”
Debonair = from old French ‘de bon aire,’ meaning stylish, charming, and confident. Usually used to describe a man.
“Many who have met Nicholas Saputra described the actor as debonair.”
Dapper = Neat, well-dressed. Also used to describe a man.
“The Academy Awards were crowded by charming ladies and dapper gentlemen.”
Eloquent = fluent and persuasive in speaking or writing.
“She is quite an eloquent young lady. She would make a good public speaker.”
Enchanting = delightfully charming or attractive.
“Unlike her casual daily appearance, she became an enchanting lady on her wedding day.”
Expressive = effectively conveying thoughts or feelings.
“Emilia is such an expressive person. We could know how she feels by looking at her face.”
Fair = in accordance with rules or standards.
“If you should become a leader, be a fair one.”
Faithful = loyal, devoted.
“Her late husband was a faithful person. He always spent his free time with the family.”
Fearless= bold, brave.
“Naomi Campbell is a fierce, fearless woman. No wonder she has the longest running career as a supermodel.”
Flirtatious = behaving in such a way to suggest a playful attraction.
“Who was the flirtatious guy you were talking to? He seemed to make you uncomfortable.”
Frank = open, honest, and direct in speech or writing, especially when dealing with unpalatable matters.
“Is she always so frank, even though not so many people agree with her?”
Funky = modern and stylish in an unconventional or striking way.
“Lady Gaga is funky and quirky, in an extraordinary way.”
There they go, fellas! As ever, the best way to practice and memorise new vocabularies is by using them a lot. Start incorporating these new words in your daily conversation. Check your dictionaries often to understand the context better.
Hundreds of people saw Stephen Hawking off at his funeral last week. The celebrated scientist left the whole world in mourning when he passed away on 14 March 2018.
On his most popular work, the book A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to the Black Holes, Stephen Hawking wrote in non-technical terms about the structure, origin, development and eventual fate of the universe, making the information accessible to non-specialist readers with no prior knowledge of scientific theories. Dubbed by many as the greatest physicist of our generation, Stephen Hawking’s legacy will forever change our way of understanding time, space, gravity, the Universe, and most importantly, ourselves.
On this article, I would like to share some of his quotes that are intriguing and mind-boggling just as they are inspirational.
Theoretical physics is one of the few fields in which being disabled is no handicap – it is all in the mind.
There is no heaven or afterlife for broken-down computers; that is a fairy story for people afraid of the dark.
We only have to look at ourselves to see how intelligent life might develop into something we wouldn’t want to meet.
My goal is simple. It is a complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.
Life would be tragic if it weren’t funny.
Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change.
However difficult life may seem, there is always something you can do and succeed at. It matters that you just don’t give up.
I have noticed even people who claim everything is predestined, and that we can do nothing to change it, look before they cross the road.
We are just an advanced breed of monkeys on a minor planet of a very average star. But we can understand the Universe. That makes us something very special.
It would not be much of a universe if it wasn’t home to the people you love.
Today we will learn about superlative adjectives.
Superlative adjectives are used to compare three or more nouns.
The form of superlative adjectives:
1. For one syllable word: “The + Adj + -est”.
a. Fast –> fastest.
b. Great –> greatest.
c. Soft –> softest.
For two syllables word ending with -y: “The + Adj (-y changes to -i) + -est”.
a. Pretty –> prettiest.
b. Easy –> easiest.
c. Busy –> busiest.
For two syllables (not ending with -y): “The + most + Adj”.
a. Complex –> the most complex.
b. Famous –> the most famous.
c. Clever –> the most clever.
For three or more syllables: “The + most + Adj”.
a. Dangerous –> the most dangerous.
b. Difficult –> the most difficult.
c. Popular –> the most popular.
Some adjectives have irregular forms when made into superlative adjectives.
a. Bad –> worst.
b. Good –> best.
c. Far –> farthest.
d. Little –> least.
e. Much –> most.
f. Some –> most.
g. Many –> most.
Here is _____ useful article about gardening that I found ______ few days ago.
Have you heard? It snowed in _____ Sahara.
He bought me _____ ‘Orange Is the New Black’ DVD box set as _____ birthday gift.
When do you plan to return _____ book to me?
I think I’m going to wear _____ white shirt for _____ interview tomorrow.
After performing for almost 40 years, Gary Oldman finally received _____ Oscar in 2018.
Which one do you think I should take, _____ TOEFL or _____ IELTS?
It’s such _____ honor to perform for _____ Queen.
1.a, a Explanation: ‘Useful’ makes a yoo sound, which sounds like there is a consonant ‘y,’ therefore it is ‘a useful article.’ ‘a few days’ is clear enough.
2.the Explanation: The Sahara is a specific area, only one in the world.
3.an, a Explanation: ‘Orange Is the New Black’ begins with a vowel, therefore the determiner is ‘an.’ ‘a birthday gift’ is clear enough.
4.the Explanation: People in the conversation have already known which book the speaker is referring to, so ‘the’ is the correct article.
5.a, the Explanation: ‘a white shirt’ is the correct form as the shirt was not specified enough. ‘the interview’ is the correct form because it is already specified that it will happen ‘tomorrow.’
6.an Explanation: ‘Oscar’ begins with a vowel.
7.a, an Explanation: Both noun refer to general TOEFL/IELTS, but it is also acceptable not to put any articles, since TOEFL & IELTS are already established names.
8.an, the Explanation: Although ‘honor’ starts with a consonant, the ‘h’ is mute or unread. Therefore, we put ‘an’ as the determiner. For the second part, a nation normally has only one queen, so ‘the Queen’ is the correct form.
Hello, fellas! How’s your weekend?
Let’s discuss idioms related to transportation and travel! Here we go! #IOTW
On the same boat: sharing a particular experience or circumstance with someone else.
E.g.: “You’re not the only one who failed to get the concert ticket. We’re on the same boat!”
Jump on the bandwagon: to join or follow something once it is successful or popular.
E.g.: “I heard Black Panther movie is phenomenal, but I’m not going to jump on the bandwagon and watch it. Superhero movie isn’t my cup of tea.”
Paddle one’s own canoe: to be able to act independently.
E.g.: “Since I turned 25 this year, mom expected me to paddle my own canoe.”
Backseat driver: someone who tells the others how to do things.
E.g.: “I don’t need a backseat driver on this project. Stop pestering me with all your advice.”
Hit the road: to leave, especially on a road trip.
E.g.: “Let’s hit the road before dawn.”
Itchy feet: the need to leave or to travel.
E.g.: “Seeing the picture of a beach really gives me the itchy feet.”
Sail through (something): to complete something quickly and with ease.
E.g.: “My thesis sailed through the professor with no debate.”
A third/fifth wheel: An unwanted or unnecessary person.
E.g.: “Ann invited me to go to the movies, but if she also invited her boyfriend, I wouldn’t be joining. I would feel like a third wheel there.”
That wraps up our session, fellas! See you on another session.
Who here is a fan of BBC’s Sherlock and just can’t wait for the next season? The detective, along with his sidekick, Dr Watson, has captured the hearts of many across the world. In my opinion, the modern twist added to the latest adaptation only made the iconic detective story fresher and more relatable. If you haven’t seen it, go check the original DVDs.
Most characters on BBC’s Sherlock are well-articulated, and although it makes it a little difficult for non-native speaker to understand what they are saying, it does provide a good amount of new words to add into our vocabulary.
This article will discuss some of the slangs. If you are using these words, use them with caution, because some of them are quite impolite. We’ll start with season 1.
“Sorry — gotta dash. I left my riding crop in the mortuary.” – Sherlock (S01E01). Gotta dash (v.) = to have to go quickly, to be in a hurry.
“I’ll make you that cuppa. You rest your leg.” – Mrs Hudson (S01E01). Cuppa (n.) = a cup of coffee or tea.
John: “What do people normally say?”
Sherlock: “’Piss off!’” (S01E01). Piss off (v.) = Go away.
“Either way, you’re wasted as a cabbie.” – Sherlock (S01E01). Cabbie (n.) = taxi driver. Cab (n.) = taxi.
“Because I had a row, in the shop, with a chip-and-PIN machine.” – John (S01E02). Row (n.) = quarrel, fight.
“Well, grab a pew.” – Sebastian (S01E02). Grab a pew (v.) = take a seat.
“Your friend… he’s an arrogant sod.” – Dimmock (S01E02). Sod (n.) = an obnoxious person.
“Nine million quid, for what?” – Sherlock (S01E02). Quid (n.) = pound sterling.
“We end up havin’ a bit of a ding-dong, don’t we?” – Murder suspect (S01E03). Ding-dong (n.) = an argument.
“Told you you should’ve gone with the lilo.” – Sarah (S01E03) Lilo (n.) = an inflatable plastic or rubber mattress.
If you have others, drop them on the comment section below!