words either and neither can cause some problems for native and
non-native speakers of English. Sometimes you can use either one and sometimes
you have to choose either one or the other, but neither one is very difficult. While
‘either’ has a positive connotation, ‘neither’ holds a negative significance.
You will always find them paired up this way: either/or and neither/nor.
Either... or is used to offer a
choice between two possibilities:
Either Mike or Lisa will be there.
Either you leave me alone or I will call the police.
Either can also be followed by some or all
of the following: one + of + group of two:
Either one of us could do it.
Either one of you should know.
Neither… nor is equivalent to not…
Neither Mike nor Lisa will be there.
He speaks neither English nor French.
We brought neither coffee nor tea.
Neither can also be followed by some or
all of the following: one + of + group of two:
Neither one of us has any money.
Neither one of them is ready.
Either means one and goes with or,
neither means none and goes with nor. “Not
either” equals neither.
Hello, fellas. In this session we will learn predicate adjectives.
According to Betty Schrampfer Azar, adjectives are words describing nouns. They are usually placed right before nouns. An adjective can also follow a linking verb such as be, feel, look, smell, sound, taste, appear, seem, and become.
However, several adjectives only occur after linking verbs and they cannot come directly before nouns they describe. A predicate adjective should be changed into its corresponding form to use in front of a noun.
Here are predicate adjectives and their corresponding forms:
alike= like similar
alive= live living
1) The two brothers look alike.
2) We completed our projects in a similar manner.
3) The girl is afraid of heights.
4) The frightened child cried for his mother.
Deborah Phillips, Longman Complete Course for The TOEFL Test
Betty Schrampfer Azar, Fundamentals of English Grammar: Third Edition
Betty Schrampfer Azar, Understanding and Using English Grammar: Third Edition
Honestly, I’m a little bit unwell around these two months because I mostly worked overtime. Some of you might used to this work pattern while I’m not. Well, speaking of working, today I’m going to share some idioms related to work.
“Ramp up” Meaning: increasing something.
“The manager push us to ramp the revenue up.”
“On the back burner.” Meaning: something is less important at the moment.
“You can finish your task for today, this problem is on the back burner.”
“Put (something) off.” Meaning: to delay something.
“Please put your current activity off. We have an urgent meeting.”
“People person.” Meaning: someone with a great social skill.
“You need to be a people person if you are working as a marketing.”
“Have a lot on your plate.” Meaning: you have a lot of work/resposibilities at the moment.
“I see you will have a lot on your plate next quarter.”
“Selling like hotcakes.” Meaning: something is bought by customer in a brief moment.
“This book was popular. It was selling like hotcakes.”
“Learning curve.” Meaning: the time that is needed to learn about the system.
“I found that this company has a difficult learning curve. I don’t quite understand until now.”
Hello, fellas. In this session we will learn the use of verbs of perception. Verbs of perception express the experience of one of the physical senses. They are also called perception verbs or perceptual verbs.
Several of them are followed by the simple form of a verb (the infinitive form without to) or the -ing form (the present participle).
They are: see notice watch look at observe hear listen to feel smell
The two forms often carry little difference in meaning, except that the –ing form frequently gives the notion of while.
1) He saw his friend ride a bicycle.
2) He saw his friend riding a bicycle. (He saw his friend while he was riding a bicycle)
Sometimes, the use of –ing form means that an activity is already in progress when it is perceived.
1) When she walked into her boarding house, she heard her roommate crying. (The crying was in progress when she first heard it)
2) When she walked into her boarding house, she heard her roommate cry. (She heard the crying from beginning to end)
Fellas, are you a fresh graduate from a college or a university or do you want to take a professional work as early as after finishing high school? You must have been aware of job interviews.
Job interviews are amongst the first steps that must be taken before you start corporate life. Multinational companies specifically conduct the interviews in English. Could you share some stories of your first job interviews? Mention us.
“My first job interview was fun! Other candidates graduated from Perth and Californian campus, but the company picked me from Kalibata campus”.
“I went for job interview for bpo job. Interviewer asked me to speak 5 minutes English. I spoke 30 seconds in proper English. It was Amazing experinced until I missed my bus“.
You must also have been aware that nowadays job interviews are not done face to face only. Companies can conduct the interviews through video calls or Skype.
But if you must meet the company’s HRD person or the user, dressing politely and making a good first impression will make you go a long way.
If you are applying for a job in creative industry, never forget to prepare your portfolio and creative experiences. They could help convincing the company to hire you.
A job in creative industry might vary from being a copywriter, a web content writer, a photographer, an illustrator, to a graphic designer.
As for formal sector, prepare your most updated CV that mentions your relevant past experiences. Formal sector jobs refer to an administrative staff, a financial staff, a customer service, a teller, a manager, and so on.
After the interview is over, make sure you have given the company your contactable phone number and email address.
That’s all for today, fellas. Good luck for your next job interview!
Hi, Fellas! How are you doing? How are your days so far? This evening we meet again in word of the day session. This time I am going to share ‘hoodwink’ as the topic. Have you ever heard about this word?
Hoodwink is the combination of ‘hood’ and ‘wink,’ which means to trick or deceiving someone. According to the meaning,it is obvious that ‘hoodwink’ acts as an verb if we use it in a sentence. There are some words that are related to ‘hoodwink,’ such as ‘delute’ ‘fake out,’ and ‘hoax.’
Lastly,here are some example of ‘hoodwink’ in a sentence
1. “Don’t be hoodwinked by some news without verification.’
2. “They hoodwinked George by telling him lies.’
is modifier in English grammar? A modifier is a word,
phrase, or clause that function as adjectives or adverbs to provide additional
information about another word or word group.
Modifiers can play the
roles of adjectives or adverbs. Modifiers in English include adjectives,
adverbs, demonstratives, possessive, determiners, prepositional phrases, degree
modifiers, and intensifiers.
There are two kinds of modifiers,
they are premodifiers and postmodifiers. Modifiers that appear before
the head are called premodifiers. Modifiers
that appear after the head are called postmodifiers.
When a modifier is an
adjective, it modifies a noun or a pronoun. In the examples below, the modifiers
are shaded, and the words being modified are bold.
Johnson caught a small mackerel.
that sentence, the adjective small modifies
the noun mackerel.
Johnson caught another one.
that sentence, the adjective another
modifies the pronoun one.
When a modifier is an
adverb, it modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
Michael accidentally caught a small whelp.
that sentence, the adverb accidentally
modifies the verb caught.
Michael caught an incredibly small mackerel.
that sentence, the adverb incredibly modifies
the adjective small.
Michael supposedly accidentally caught a small whelp.
that sentence, the adverb supposedly modifies
the adverb accidentally.
Modifier Can Be a Phrase or a Clause
We shouldn’t forget
that phrases and clauses can play the roles of
adjectives and adverbs too.
George caught a mackerel smaller than a watch.
is an adjective phrase modifying the noun mackerel.
George caught a mackerel of tiny proportions.
is a prepositional phrase functioning as an adjective. It modifies the noun mackerel.
George caught a mackerel which was smaller than a watch.
is an adjective clause modifying mackerel.
When alone, George tried to catch mackerel.
is an adverbial phrase of time that modifies the verb tried.
When we left him alone, George set up his rod to catch mackerel.
is an adverbial clause of time that modifies the verb set up.
Simaibang, Baginda. 2018. English Grammar for Foreign Learners. Palembang: CV Citra Books Indonesia
Hello, fellas. In this session we will discuss the overview in IELTS Writing Task 1.
An overview is not a conclusion. A conclusion is a final judgement or opinion. On the other hand, an overview simply describes the main points. It summarizes the information depicted in the graph.
An overview can be put either right after the introduction or in the last paragraph. It does not matter where you place it as long as it is written in your report. However, it is recommended that the overview be put at the beginning because if you run out of time and do not write an overview at all, you will be unable to get a band 6 or higher for your task achievement.
To write an overview, you need to look at the most noticeable feature – what changes occurred from the beginning to the end. You do not need to state numbers because they are included in the specific details. Features like ‘overall change’, ‘highest’ and ‘lowest’, are mentioned without specific figures.
Overall, it is clear that the UK produced the most emissions per capita of the 4 nations over the period although the levels fell slightly. The amount of CO2 emitted per person dropped more markedly in Sweden while levels rose in Italy and Portugal.
Alireza Ramedani, IELTS Writing Compact: GRAPH REVIEW (Academic Task 1)
Global Manpower, GUIDELINE IELTS WRITING TASK 1
IELTS buddy, IELTS Made Easy: Step-by-step guide to writing a Task 1 IELTS Writing Task 1 Simon
Bayside, IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: band 9 sample, https://www.baysidecollege.com.au/task-1-sample/
Hello fellas, how are you today? Fellas, on April 17, 2019, we in Indonesia hold a general election to determine the future members of House of Representative and the future president and vice president. Therefore, today, we are going to discuss vocabularies related to election.
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. There are several vocabularies that we often hear or read in regards to election terms. Here they are:
1. Campaign Means the things a candidate does to get elected (shaking hands, giving oration, etc.). E.g.: “He took a campaign tour of West Java last week.”
2. Debate Means to argue for or against something. E.g.: “The topic of tonight’s presidential debate is national defense and security.”
3. Candidate Means the person who is running in an election. E.g.: “The Indonesia presidential election in 2019 has two pair of candidates.”
4. Politics Means the activities associated with the governance of a country or other area. E.g.: “I told her I was going into politics.”
5. Voter Means the individual who is voting in an election. E.g.: “Now the voters will decide.”
6. Ballot paper Means a piece of paper or a small ball used in a secret voting. E.g.: “Each person will get a ballot which should be kept confidential.”
7. Supporter Means the individual who supports a candidate during an election. E.g.: “All supporters in this campaign are so excited to meet the candidate.”
8. Political party Means a group of people with similar political goals and opinions whose main purpose is to get candidates elected to public office. E.g.: “Most of political parties in this election are optimistic about their candidates being elected.”
9. Democracy Means a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
E.g.: “Indonesia is one of the countries that adapts democracy as its system of government.”
10. Government Means the governing body of a nation, state, or community. E.g.: “The first MRT in our city was planned by the previous government.”
The term “lesson” is popularly considered to be a unified set of activities that cover a period of classroom time, usually ranging from forty to ninety minutes. These classroom time units are administratively significant for teachers because they represent “steps” along a curriculum before which and after which you have a hiatus (of a day or more) in which to evaluate and prepare for the next lesson.
Format of a Lesson Plan
While variations are plenty, seasoned teachers generally agree on what the essential elements of a lesson plan should be
should be able to identify an overall purpose or goal that we will attempt to
accomplish by the end of the class period. In the sample lesson plan,
“understanding telephone conversation” generally identifies the lesson topic.
is very important to state explicitly what you want students to gain from the
lesson. Explicit statements here help you to
Be sure that you indeed know what it is you want to accomplish,
Preserve the unity of your lesson,
Predetermine whether or not you are trying to accomplish too much, and
Evaluate students’ success at the end of, or after, the lesson.
are most clearly captured in terms of stating what students will do. However,
many language objectives are not overtly observable. Try to avoid vague,
unverifiable statements like these:
Students will learn about the passive
Students will practice some listening
Students will do the passage some
may seems a trivial matter to list materials needed, but good planing includes
knowing what you need to take with you or to arrange to have in classroom.
this point, lessons clearly have tremendous variation.
We have to think in terms of making sure your plan is included.
Next, how can you determine whether your objective have been accomplished?
misnamed “homework” (students don’t neccessarily to extra = class work only at home),
something. Whether you are teaching in an EFL or ESL situation, you can almost always find
applications or extentions of classroom
Douglas, H. Brown. 2001. Teaching by Principles and Interactive Approach to Language pedagogy
Hey ho, fellas! How’s your day? I think today was a cold day.
Tonight, I’m going to share some proverbs related to describe people. Here they are…
Meaning :capable of fitting a particular situation or use
E.g. “When Riska’s parents divorced, she proved herself to be adaptable. It wasn’t easy, but she learned how to cope with this big change”
Meaning : showing concern for the rights and feelings of others
E.g. “A considerate person looks out for other people. They often allow someone else to have the last piece of cake or they hold the door open for another person..”
Meaning :able to face and deal with danger or fear without flinching
E.g. “A courageous person is brave. They are the type of person to run into a burning building. They are also likely to get involved to stop a bullying situation.”
Meaning :having a strong desire for success or achievement
E.g. “Raka is one of Ambitious people try to get ahead in life–they look for opportunities to better their life”
Meaning : willing to undertake new and daring enterprises
E.g. “They love to try something new–sometimes an act that others would find scary. Adventurous people love to travel and try new foods at a restaurant.”
Meaning :having its source in or being guided by the intellect
E.g. “They make rational decisions based on their logical reasoning about a situation. They don’t base decisions on emotions.”
Alright, fellas, those are some proverbs related to describe people.
So, How would you describe yourself?
Thank you for being with me, fellas! Today is a wrap!
compiled by @ijoojii for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 04 April 2019
Hello, fellas. In this session we will discuss one of key elements in IELTS Writing Task 1. It is a variety of sentence structures to describe trends.
To achieve a high score, you should learn to write sentences using different patterns. However, students tend to use only one of those. Consequently, their answer sounds ‘mechanical’. By varying how your sentences are structured, you can show your wide range of grammar.
It is essential that you get word forms right. Verbs can change into nouns and adverbs change into adjectives depending on the structure you choose.
The patterns are:
1) Noun + verb + adverb
Example: The consumption of oil rose steadily in 2008.
2) There + be + adjective + noun + in + noun
Example: There was a steady rise in the consumption of oil in 2008.
3) Time + saw/experienced/witnessed + adjective + noun + in + noun
Example: 2008 saw a steady rise in the consumption of oil.
IELTS buddy, IELTS Made Easy: Step-by-step guide to writing a Task 1
Hello fellas, how are you? how often do you surf the internet and social media? I am sure that most of you like spending time to check social media and surfing the internet. Today, we are discussing some words and phrases related to internet and social media. Here they are.
1. To unplug It means to disconnect and to relax by disengaging ourselves from activities that use internet connection.
E.g.: “Sometimes you need to learn to unplug and just enjoy the peace and quiet at home.”
2. Hot-spot It refers to a place in public area where there is a computer system with an access point or an internet connection.
E.g.: “The airport was bright and spacious, with large shopping area and Wi-Fi hot-spot lounge.”
3. To multitask To multitask means to do many things at the same time.
E.g.: “An interpreter needs a quick, agile mind to multitask, because she or he needs to simultaneously listen to a concept or idea in one language, understand and process it, and translate it to another language.”
4. Down-time It refers to the time when a computer is not working properly and cannot be used. This could also mean the time somebody needs to relax and recuperate after a hard work.
E.g.: “Once we are done with all the renovation, I am ready for some major down-time.”
5. Pulled to the internet It means working hard using the internet or being dependent to the internet.
E.g.: “I wish I could do that but I am so pulled to the internet. I manage my own business and I can hardly spend a day without sending emails or checking my website.”
6. To pull the plug When you pull the plug of something, it means that it no longer has a power source and will switch off.
E.g.: “I am considering just pulling the plug on the whole thing. I have been so busy with my work and I have not had time to be creative or even relax.”
7. Be on the same wavelength It refers to the same things that have the same origins but can also be used for casual acquaintances. It has the same meaning as being in tune with somebody.
E.g.: “What makes the problem worse is that Howard and Tina are not on the same wavelength about how to deal with it.”
8. No filter It is usually used to refer to a picture, which is of original quality and has not been edited or modified. The term is also used to refer to an uncensored conversation, usually between friends.
E.g.: “Miranda is my best friend. Sometimes when we are chatting, we can talk with no filter and we laugh at each other.”
9. On fleek Something is on fleek if it looks perfect and on point.
E.g.: “Did you see what Jason was wearing today? His look is on fleek!”
10. To win the internet The phrase is usually used as a reaction given by someone who either really likes or really dislikes your post.
E.g.: “This picture wins the internet today. Everything else is dummy.”
That’s all for today, fellas. Hopefully today’s session is useful for you. See you tomorrow!