#USSlang: American slang (6)

  1. Grub on. Arti: makan.
    • Contoh:
      • “I’m so hungry but there is nothing quick that I can grub on.”
  2. Pig out. Arti: makan banyak sekali, overeat.
    • Contoh:
      • “At the party, we pigged out the pizzas and hamburgers.”
  3. Red hot. Arti: penting.
    • Contoh:
      • “Since she is the CEO, anything she does is red hot.”
  4. Go bananas. Arti: menggila.
    • Contoh:
      • “I need to go holiday immediately or I’m going to go bananas.”
  5. Goofy. Arti: konyol.
    • Contoh:
      • “Stop acting so goofy! What will people say about you?”
  6. Pain in the neck. Arti: menyebalkan.
    • Contoh:
      • “She is a pain the neck.”
  7. Have a good vibes. Arti: mempunyai feeling yang baik mengenai seseorang atau sesuatu.
    • Contoh:
      • “I have a good vibes about Jonas.”
  8. Rugrat. Arti: anak.
    • Contoh:
      • “They have two rugrats.”
  9. Piece of cake. Arti: hal yang mudah untuk dilakukan.
    • Contoh:
      • “Don’t worry, cooking is a piece of cake for me.”
  10. Mickey mouse. Arti: tidak masuk akal, hanya buang-buang waktu.
    • Contoh:
      • “I’m sick of this mickey-mouse assignment.”

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, October 17, 2011

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

#EngClass: Present Progressive Tense (negative and interrogative)

Hi, fellas! Masih ingat tentang Present Progressive Tense? Kali ini kita bahas tentang kalimat negative dan interrogative Present Progressive Tense yah.

Just a quick recap: Positive Present Progressive Tense is S + to be + V1+ing. Untuk penjelasan lebih lanjut, coba baca posting sebelumnya.

Cara menyusun kalimat negative (-) Present Progressive Tense:

S + to be + not + V1+ing.

Cara menyusun kalimat interrogative (?) Present Progressive Tense:

To be + S + V1+ing + ?

Tips: “is not” bisa disingkat menjadi “isn’t”, kalau “are not” menjadi “aren’t”, sedangkan “am not” menjadi “ain’t”

P.s.: “Ain’t” sering juga digunakan untuk semua Subject Pronoun. 

Contoh:

Positive: She is adding some salt on her soup.

Negative: She is not (isn’t) adding some salt on her soup.

Interrogative: Is she adding some salt on her soup?

========

PRACTICE

========

Turn number 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 to negative sentences, and  2, 4, 6, 8, 10 to interrogative sentences.

  1. He … breakfast now. (have, negative)
  2. The students … to the teacher. (listen, interrogative)
  3. We … quickly to cross the street. (run, negative)
  4. It … to rain. (begin, interrogative)
  5. You … your new suit today. (wear, negative)
  6. The cat … to climb the tall tree. (try, interrogative)
  7. She … the dining table. (clean, negative)
  8. The teacher … you. (watch, interrogative)
  9. All the birds … south. (fly, negative)
  10. The sky … dark. (get, interrogative)

=======

ANSWER

=======

  1. He is not having breakfast now.
  2. Are the students listening to the teacher?
  3. We are not running quickly to cross the street.
  4. Is it beginning to rain?
  5. You are not wearing your new suit today.
  6. Is the cat trying to climb the tall tree?
  7. She is not cleaning the dining table.
  8. Is the teacher watching you?
  9. All the birds are not flying south.
  10. Is the sky getting dark?

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 16, 2011.

#EngClass: Present Progressive tense (Positive)

Hi fellas! Minggu lalu kita telah membahas Simple Present Tense. Bagi kalian yang tidak sempat mengikuti sesi sebelumnya, topik minggu lalu bisa dilihat di sini.

Present Progressive Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan:

  1. Peristiwa atau pekerjaan yang sedang berlangsung sekarang.
    • Contoh:
      • We are discussing Present Progressive Tense at the moment.
  2. Perbuatan atau keadaan yang sedang terjadi dan berlangsung sekarang, tapi tidak saat dibicarakan.
    • Contoh:
      • He is teaching English.
  3. Kejadian yang akan terjadi sebentar lagi, dengan keterangan waktu yang pasti.
    • Contoh:
      • I am leaving for Medan this evening.
  4. Perbuatan yang membuat tidak senang. Biasa diikuti dengan: always, forever, continuously, constangly.
    • Contoh:
      • He is constantly complaining.

Untuk membuat kalimat dengan Present Progressive, terdapat tata cara yang harus diikuti melalui rumus berikut:

S + to be + V1 + ing.

Terdapat tiga jenis ‘to be yang dapat digunakan dalam kalimat yang terbentuk nantinya, yaitu is, am, dan are sesuai dengan subject kalimat.

Ada juga beberapa hal yang harus diperhatikan dalam penggunaan Present Progressive tense, antara lain

  1. Untuk verb berakhiran ‘ee‘, setelah verb tersebut langsung ditambahkan ‘-ing’.
    • Contoh:
      • see – seeing,
      • free – freeing.
  2. Untuk verb yang berakhiran ‘e‘, huruf ‘e’ harus dihapus lalu diganti dengan ‘-ing’
    • Contoh:
      • write – writing,
      • give – giving,
      • drive – driving.
  3. Untuk verb berakhiran ‘ie‘, akhiran tersebut diganti ‘y’ lalu tambahkan ‘-ing’ di belakangnya.
    • Contoh:
      • die – dying,
      • lie – lying.
  4. Untuk verb dengan 1 suku kata dan diakhiri konsonan, yang sebelumnya terdapat 1 huruf vokal, konsonan tersebut harus diulang lalu ditambah ‘-ing’ setelahnya.
    • Contoh:
      • hit – hitting,
      • run – running,
      • stop – stopping.
  5. Untuk verb dengan 2 suku kata, dengan penekanan pada suku ke dua dan berakhiran huruf konsonan yang sebelumnya terdapat 1 huruf vokal, konsonan terakhir harus diulang lalu ditambah ‘-ing’.
    • Contoh:
      • begin – beginning,
      • admit – admitting,
      • travel – travelling.

Ada juga beberapa kata keterangan waktu yang digunakan dalam Present Progressive, yaitu

  • now (sekarang),
  • at present (sekarang ini),
  • this moment (saat ini),
  • today (hari ini).

PRACTICE

Lengkapi bagian yang kosong dengan bentuk present progressive.

  • Contoh: She … some salt on her soup. (adding).
    • Answer: is adding.
  1. He … breakfast now. (have)
  2. The students … to the teacher. (listen)
  3. We … quickly to cross the street. (run)
  4. It … to rain. (begin)
  5. You … your new suit today. (wear)
  6. The cat … to climb the tall tree. (try)
  7. She … the dining table. (clean)
  8. The teacher … you. (watch)
  9. All the birds … south. (fly)
  10. The sky … dark. (get)

ANSWER

  1. is having
  2. are listening
  3. are running
  4. is beginning
  5. are wearing
  6. is trying
  7. is cleaning
  8. is watching
  9. are flying
  10. is getting

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 16, 2011.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

#EngProverb: English proverbs (5)

  1. “You never know what you can do until you try.” – Try first before deciding not to do something.
  2. “Virtue is its own reward.” – You should not expect praise for acting in a correct or moral way.
  3. “Time and tide wait for no man.” – Delaying a decision will not prevent events from taking place.
  4. “Snug as a bug in a rug.” – Feeling very comfortable.
  5. “Pride comes before a fall.” – Don’t be too self-confident or proud; something may happen to make you look foolish.
  6. “Never put off till tomorrow what can be done today.” – Don’t postpone something you can do now.
  7. “Experience is the father of wisdom.” – Experience and knowledge result in better judgment.
  8. “Distance makes the heart grow fonder.” – When you are separated from the person you love, your feelings are even stronger.
  9. “Clothes don’t make the man.” – Appearances can be deceiving.
  10. “Home is where the heart is.” – You call home the place where the people you love are.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 16, 2011

#EngClass: “they’re”, “their”, “there”

Dari pengucapan, kata “they’re”, “their”, dan “there” terdengar hampir sama, namun artinya sangat berbeda.

  • They’re merupakan kependekan dari “they are” dan kata ini diikuti dengan Present Participle. Contoh: “They’re studying English.” atau “They’re playing basketball.”
  • Kata there bisa menandakan suatu lokasi yang spesifik.  Contoh: “I don’t want to go there!”

Kata there juga bisa berarti kebalikan dari “here”. Contoh: “Do you want to sit here or there?”

Selain itu, kata there juga bisa menjadi pronoun/kata ganti yang memperkenalkan kata benda atau klausa.  Contoh : “There is a lot of work to finish before we leave.”

  • Their merupakan kata sifat kepunyaan (possessive adjective). Contoh: “Prita and Rizky are studying for their test.”

Kata their selalu diletakkan sebum kata benda: their cars, their coats, their books, etc. Contoh: “The students are studying their lessons.”

Compiled by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on October 8, 2011

#EngClass: Adverbial clause

Adverbial clause merupakan anak kalimat (clause) yang digunakan/berfungsi sebagai adverb (kata keterangan). Adverbial clause dapat menyatakan waktu, tempat, pertentangan, keadaan, tujuan/hasil, dan sebab-akibat.

Penggunaan adverbial clause selalu diawali dengan subordinating conjunction (misal: ‘after,’ ‘because,’ ‘although’.) Karena merupakan anak kalimat, maka jangan lupa bahwa adverbial clause juga memiliki subjek dan predikat.

Pengelompokan adverbial clause biasanya ditentukan dari conjunction (kata penghubung) yang mendahuluinya. Jenis-jenis adverbial clause antara lain: clause of time, clause of place, clause of contrast, clause of manner, clause of purpose and result, clause of cause and effect, dan clause of condition.

Clause of time

Clause of time menunjukkan waktu, conjunction yang digunakan antara lainafter,’ ‘before,’ ‘when,’ ‘since,’ ‘while,’ ‘as.’

Contoh:

  • “I will sign the check before you leave.”
  • “You may begin after you are ready.”
  • “Marina saw an accident while she was walking home.”

Clause of place

Clause of place menunjukkan tempat, conjunction yang digunakan antara lain ‘where,’ ‘nowhere,’ ‘anywhere,’ ‘wherever,’ ‘everywhere.’

Contoh:

  • “The bodyguard stood where he was positioned.”
  • “You can go wherever you like.”
  • “Where there is a will, there is a way.”

Clause of contrast

Clause of contrast menunjukkan pertentangan antara dua kejadian atau peristiwa yang saling berhubungan. Conjunction yang digunakan dalam clause of contrast ini antara lain although,’ ‘though,’ ‘even though,’ ‘whereas,’ ‘even if,’ ‘in spite of.’

Contoh:

  • “Although Mr. Joko is poor, he is happy.”
  • “Even though school is hard, I will never give up.”

Clause of manner

Clause of manner menunjukkan cara suatu pekerjaan dilakukan atau bagaimana suatu peristiwa dapat terjadi. Conjunction yang digunakan pada clause of manner ini antara lain as,’ ‘how,’ ‘like,’ ‘in that,’ ‘the way.’

Contoh:

  • “Tomi did it the way I told him.”
  • “Leoni acts like she’s a child.”

Clause of purpose and result

Clause of purpose and result menunjukkan hubungan antara maksud/tujuan dan hasil. Conjunction yang digunakan pada clause of purpose and result antara lain(in order) that,’ ‘so that,’ ‘in the hope that,’ ‘in case.’

Contoh:

  • “They are saving their money so that they may take a long vacation next year.”
  • “It was so hot that we didn’t go out.”

Clause of cause and effect

Clause of cause and effect menunjukkan hubungan sebab dan akibat. Conjunction yang digunakan pada clause of cause and effect antara lain because,’ ‘because of,’ ‘due to,’ ‘since,’ ‘therefore.’

Contoh:

  • “He didn’t go in because he was late.”
  • “Since I didn’t have enough money to go on vacation, I stayed home.”

Clause of condition

Clause of condition menunjukkan adanya kemungkinan atau persyaratan antara dua kejadian yang berhubungan. Conjunction yang digunakan pada clause of condition antara lain ‘if,’ ‘unless,’ ‘in case,’ ‘provided (that),’ ‘if only,’ ‘suppose (that).’

Contoh:

  • In case you can’t find the document, give me a call.
  • Provided you are old enough, you can apply for the job.

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, October 13, 2011

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngClass: indirect (reporting) speech

Hi, fellas! Sepertinya ada beberapa orang yang request untuk bahas indirect speech. Hari ini coba kita bahas ya.

Indirect/reported speech dipakai untuk melaporkan ucapan seseorang. Umumnya dilakukan dengan menggunakan ‘said’ dan ‘that’.

  • Direct: He said, “I am writing a letter.”
  • Indirect: He said (that) he was writing a letter.

Kata ‘that’ bersifat optional, dapat dipakai atau diabaikan.

Direct speech dibagi 2 bagian:

  • Main Clause (he said) dan
  • Reported Clause (I am writing a letter).

Admin singkat jadi MC dan RC yah.

Pada indirect speech, subject RC akan mengikuti subject MC.
Contoh: Kata Ayu dia sedang mencari alamat. Dia yang dimaksud adalah Ayu.

Ada 5 hal yang perlu diperhatikan saat membentuk indirect speech.:

(1) Apabila MC dalam bentuk past tense (said), RC akan berbentuk past tense atau 1 tingkat “lebih lampau” dari kalimat asal.

  • Contoh (1a): He said, “I AM WRITING a letter.” (RC – present prog) » He said (that) he WAS WRITING a letter. (RC – past prog)
  • Contoh (1b): He said, “I often WRITE letters.” (RC – present) » He said (that) he often WROTE letters. (RC – past)
  • Contoh (1c): He said, “I WROTE a letter.” (RC – past) » He said (that) he HAD WRITTEN a letter. (RC – past perfect)

(2) Apabila RC menggunakan auxiliary (cth: can, will, may, dll), auxiliary akan berubah ke bentuk lampau tapi verb tidak akan berubah.

  • Contoh (2a): He said, “I CAN write a letter.” (RC – auxiliary can) » He said (that) he COULD write a letter (RC – auxiliary could)
  • Contoh (2b): He said, “I MUST write a letter.” (RC – auxiliary must) » He said (that) he HAD TO write a letter. (RC – auxiliary had to)

(3) Apabila MC bukan dalam bentuk past tense, tense kalimat RC akan tetap dipertahankan sesuai kalimat asal.

  • Contoh (3a): He SAYS, “I often WRITE letters” » He SAYS (that) he often WRITES letters.
  • Contoh (3b): He WILL say, “I often WRITE letters.” » He WILL say (that) he often WRITES letters.

(4) Saat melaporkan kalimat tanya, RC akan disusun menjadi kalimat positive dan 1 tingkat “lebih lampau” dari kalimat asal.

(4a) Apabila RC berupa Yes/No question, ‘whether’ atau ‘if’ harus digunakan dalam indirect speech.

  •  Contoh (4a): He asked, “Do you often write letters?” » He asked WHETHER I often wrote letters.

(4b) Apabila RC dimulai dengan kata tanya (Wh- Questions), kata tanya tsb tetap digunakan.

  •  Contoh (4b): He asked, “WHAT are you writing?” » He asked WHAT I was writing.

(5) Saat menyatakan perintah (imperative) dalam indirect speech, kita menggunakan ‘told” dan infinitive verb (to + verb).

  • Contoh (5a): He said to me, “Come back later.” » He TOLD me TO COME back later.
  • Contoh (5b): She said to me, “Don’t wait for me.” » She TOLD me not TO WAIT for her.

Last but not least, kalau RC menyampaikan kebenaran umum, maka klausa tersebut menggunakan Present Tense.
Contoh: She said that the world is round.

Wow! That’s a lot to learn in a day. Coba dibaca kembali twit-twit sebelumnya yah. Kalau ada yang kurang dimengerti, silahkan bertanya.

PRACTICE:

Kita coba latihan yah. Ubah 8 kalimat berikut menjadi indirect speech. Harap jawab dengan kalimat penuh yah.

  1. The director said, “The telephone is out of order.”
  2. The pilot said, “This plane will probably arrive on time.”
  3. He asked me, “What time is it?”
  4. I asked my student, “Do you like this book?”
  5. I said to the boy, “Don’t forget what I have told you.”
  6. The teacher said to us, “Don’t make so much noise.”
  7. She said, “I have read that magazine.”
  8. She said , “I can not go to Bali with you.”

ANSWER:

  1. The director said (that) the telephone was out of order.
  2. The pilot said (that) the plane would probably arrive on time.
  3. He asked me what time it was.
  4. I asked my student whether/if he/she liked this book.
  5. I told the boy, not to forget what I have told him.
  6. The teacher told us not to make so much noise.
  7. She said (that) she had read that magazine.
  8. She said (that) she could not go to Bali with me.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 12, 2011

#EngClass: subjunctive

“subjunctive” adalah istilah yang digunakan untuk verb (kata kerja) yang dalam situasi tertentu menggunakan basic form/ plural form/ bentuk dasar.

basic form/ bentuk dasar adalah bentuk verb yang kita kenal sebagai “verb 1”, bukan dengan “-s/ -es” (yang digunakan pada simple present tense).

Tentu kamu masih ingat pelajaran sebelumnya tentang Simple Present Tense kan? Contoh basic form: eat, run, sleep, write, go, leave, etc.

“subjunctive” biasanya digunakan pada Bahasa Inggris formal atau tertulis. Sifatnya tidak umum/ tidak biasa. Ada 3 jenis subjunctive, sebagai berikut:

1) Subjunctive dalam “that-clause” (klausa yang diawali dengan “that”).

  • Contoh: “It is important that he study hard.” subjunctive = study.

Catat: that-clause digunakan setelah verb atau adjective (kata sifat). Dalam kalimat “It is important that..”, that mengikuti adjective “important”.

  • Contoh that-clause yang mengikuti verb: “He suggested that she leave immediately.”

Dalam kalimat ini, subjunctive = leave. subjunctive dalam that-clause mengekspresikan sebuah maksud atau usul tentang masa depan, dan lebih sering digunakan dalam American English.

2) Subjunctive dalam main clause (klausa utama). Kita menggunakan subjunctive terutama dalam idiom yang mengekspresikan keinginan yang kuat.

  • Contoh: “God bless you.”; “Heaven forbid!”.

Dalam simple present tense, he/ she/ it seharusnya diikuti oleh verb -s/ -es kan? Tapi tidak dengan kedua contoh tadi karena mereka menggunakan subjunctive. Pronoun (kata ganti) dari “God” dan “Heaven” adalah “He” dan “It”.

3) “were” adalah subjunctive yang bisa kita gunakan sebagai pengganti “was” untuk mengekspresikan keadaan yang tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan.

  • Contoh: “I wish I were taller.” (arti: Coba kalau saya lebih tinggi. = kenyataannya saya tidak tinggi).

PRACTICE:

  1. Her mother insisted that she ______ to med school. A) will go B) go C) is going
  2. If only he ______ here with me tonight. A) was B) is C) were
  3. God ______ Indonesia. A) bless B) blesses C) is blessing
  4. The boss requested that the office ______ on Saturdays. A) opens B) is going to open C) open
  5. She wishes she ______ a princess. A) were B) will be C) is
  6. God ______ the Queen. A) saved B) will save C) save
  7. The shop assistant recommended that my friend ______ the black one instead of the white one. A) has to buy B) buy C) to buy
  8. If only he ______ more diligent, he would get promoted. A) were B) should be C) was
  9. The king demanded that the prince of the Blabla kingdom ______ her daughter. A) should be marry B) marries C) marry
  10. If I ______ you, I would take that job. A) was B) were C) am going to be

ANSWER KEY:

  1. B) go
  2. C) were
  3. A) bless
  4. C) open
  5. A were
  6. C) save
  7. B) buy
  8. A) were
  9. C) marry
  10. B) were

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on October 10, 2011

#EngTrivia: “advice” and “advise”

Sepertinya banyak yang masih bingung membedakan ‘advice’ dan ‘advise’.

Advice is a noun (kata benda) which means ‘sebuah nasihat’.
Where as ‘advise’ is a verb (kata kerja). It means to give advice’ (memberi nasihat atau menasihati).

Contoh:

  • Father gave me a lot of advices before I left for Sydney yesterday. (noun)
  • Father advises me to spend my money wisely. (verb)

Note: Saat diucapkan, ‘advice’ dan ‘advise’ terdengar serupa. Hanya saja kalau didengar lebih jelas, ‘advice’ diakhiri dengan suara ‘ss’ sedangkan ‘advise’ diakhiri dengan suara ‘zz’.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 9, 2011

#EngClass: Simple Present Tense (negative and interrogative)

Hi, fellas! Masih ingat tentang Simple Present Tense? Kali ini kita bahas tentang kalimat negative dan interrogative Simple Present Tense yah.

Just a quick recap: Positive Present Tense is S + V1 (+ s/es) + O/adverb. Contoh:

  • She reads novels every day.
  • He teaches English.

Untuk membentuk kalimat negative dan interrogative Simple Present Tense, kita menggunakan kata kerja bantu (auxiliary verb) ‘do’ atau ‘does’.

‘Do’ digunakan untuk subjects: I, you, we, they, subject jamak lainnya.

‘Does’ digunakan untuk subjects: He, she, it, dan subject tunggal lainnya.

Dalam kalimat negative dan interrogative, kat kerja (verb) yang berakhiran ditambahkan akhiran s/es harus kembali ke bentuk dasar.

Cara menyusun kalimat negative:

S + do/does + not + Verb 1.

  • Contoh: The film does not start at 1.45 pm. They do not treat her well.

Cara menyusun kalimat interrogative:

Do/Does + S + Verb 1 … ?

  • Contoh Does the film start at 1.45? Do they treat her well?

PRACTICE:

Ubah kalimat-kalimat ini menjadi kalimat negative (N) dan interrogative (I). Contoh: 1 N) negative. 1 I) interrogative.

  1. N) I repeat the new words every night. I) I repeat the new words every night.
  2. N) My brother explains the difficult math. I) My brother explains the difficult math.
  3. N) We understand what he means. I) We understand what he means.
  4. N) The dog chases the cat all around the house. I) The dog chases the cat all around the house.
  5. N) She carries the bag to school every day. I) She carries the bag to school every day.
  6. N) He teaches English at school. I) He teaches English at school.

ANSWER KEY:

  1. N) I do not repeat the new words every night. I) Do you repeat the new words every night?
  2. N) My brother does not explain the difficult math. I) Does your brother explain the difficult math?
  3. N) We do not understand what he means. I) Do you understand what he means?
  4. N) The dog does not chase the cat all around the house. I) Does the dog chase the cat all around the house?
  5. N) She does not carry the bag to school every day. I) Does she carry the bag to school every day?
  6. N) He does not teach English at school. I) Does he teach English at school?

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 9, 2011

#EngClass: Simple Present Tense (positive)

Hi, fellas! Pernah denger yang namanya Simple Present Tense? Banyak yang masih sering lupa atau salah menggunakan Simple Present Tense.

Kali ini kita bahas bentuk kalimat positive dulu yah. Cara membuat kalimat Simple Present Tense:

Subject + Verb 1 (+ s/es) + Object/adverb

Verb 1 (V1) adalah kata kerja dasar yang belum mengalami perubahan (infinitive). Contoh infinitive: walk, drink, think, dll.

V1 ditambahkan “s”/”es” apabila subject kalimat: he, she, it, dan nama orang/benda/binatang dalam bentuk tunggal. Contoh: chicken (tunggal), chickens (Jamak).

Akhiran -es ditambahkan ke kata kerja berakhiran: ch (watches), s (misses), sh (-wishes), x (fixes), z (buzzes), o (goes, does).

Verb berakhiran huruf y yang didahului huruf KONSONAN: ‘y’ diganti ‘i’ dan ditambah ‘es’. Contoh: carries, cries, studies.

Verb berakhiran huruf y yang didahului huruf VOKAL: verb hanya ditambah ‘s’. Contoh: buys, says, pays.

Simple Present Tense digunakan untuk:

  1. Menyatakan kebiasaan, peristiwa/perbuatan/pekerjaan yang berulang-ulang. Contoh: They always treat her well. She teaches English at school.
  2. Menyatakan kebenaran umum, sesuatu yang sesuai dengan kenyataan, fakta alam. Contoh: The sun rises from the east. The rain falls from the sky.
  3. Menunjukkan kemampuan, kemahiran, watak, sifat seseorang. Contoh: George is friendly. Chris works fast. She speaks English fluently.
  4. Mengutip berita, surat, buku, pengumuman. Contoh: The sign warns us not to touch the fuse box. The manual book advises us to clean it once a week.
  5. Menyatakan kebiasaan rutin atau kegiatan sehari-hari. Contoh: She goes to work everyday. He comes home late every Friday.
  6. Rencana yang akan segera dilakukan dalam waktu dekat. Contoh: The film starts at 1.45 pm.
  7. Narasi film, acara atau pertandingan olahraga yang sedang berlangsung. Contoh: She opens the door. He stands up from the chair and walks toward her.

Beberapa keterangan waktu yang menunjukkan Simple Present Tense: always (selalu), often (sering), usually (biasanya), generally (umumnya), sometimes/on and off/now and then (kadang-kadang), seldom (jarang), rarely (jarang), once a week/month/year (sekali se-minggu/bulan/tahun), every day/week/month/year (setiap hari/minggu/bulan/tahun), every fortnight (setiap dua minggu).

PRACTICE:

  1. We … our dog twice a day. (memberi makan)
  2. The cat … under the tree. (duduk)
  3. She … the lunchbox. (melupakan)
  4. You … your glasses. (memerlukan)
  5. She … a snake. (menyentuh)
  6. Pat … her tightly before he … to work. (memeluk, pergi)
  7. He … in the library everyday after school. (bekerja)
  8. The bilboard … people not to smoke. (menyarankan)
  9. The children … in the park. (bermain)
  10. He … hard everyday. (belajar)

ANSWER KEY:

  1. feed
  2. sits
  3. forgets
  4. need
  5. touches
  6. hugs, goes
  7. works
  8. advises/suggests/recommends
  9. play
  10. studies

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 9, 2011

#EngClass: gerund

Seringkali kita bingung dengan penggunaan gerund. Gerund adalah “V -ingyang berfungsi sebagai kata benda (noun).

Contoh: We enjoy studying English. Verb = enjoy. Gerund = studying.

Loh?! Trus bagaimana kita membedakan gerund dengan bentuk progressive/continuous? Kan keduanya menggunakan V -ing.

Kalau V -ing berfungsi sebagai kata benda (noun), V -ing tersebut adalah sebuah gerund. Kalau V -ing berfungsi sebagai kata kerja, V -ing tersebut adalah kata kerja progressive/continuous.

Gerund digunakan selayaknya sebuah kata benda (noun), bisa menjadi subjek atau objek kalimat.

Present progressive: I am jogging.
Past progressive: I was jogging.
Present perfect progressive: I have been jogging for an hour.
Gerund: Jogging is a form of exercise (subject). He would have been jogging if he had had time (object).

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 7, 2011.

#EngProverb: English proverbs (4)

  1. “Advice is least heeded when most needed.” – When a problem is serious, people often do not follow the advice given.
  2. “Every cloud has a silver lining.” – There is a positive or hopeful side to every unpleasant situation.
  3. “All’s well that ends well.” – There is a solution to everything even though there are doubts.
  4. “He who is everywhere is nowhere.” – It’s not good to do too many things at the same time.
  5. “Beauty is only skin deep.” – A person’s character is more important than their appearance.
  6. “Charity begins at home.” – A person’s first duty is to help and care for his own family.
  7. “Half a loaf is better than none.” – You should be grateful for something, even if it’s not as much as you wanted.
  8. “If two ride a horse, one must ride behind.” – When two people do something together, one will be the leader and the other will be the subordinate.
  9. “Let bygones be bygones.” – Let’s forgive and forget past quarrels.
  10. “A stitch in time saves nine.” – It’s better to deal with a problem in its early stages, because if you don’t, it will get worse.
  11. “Nothing ventured, nothing gained.” – You cannot expect to achieve anything if you don’t take risks.
  12. “Procrastination is the thief of time.” – Delaying an action for too long is a waste of time.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 7, 2011.

#EngGame: “make” and “do”

Dari pelajaran sebelumnya mengenai “make” dan “do” diketahui bahwa penggunaan “make” mengacu pada adanya perubahan dalam suatu proses, sedangkan “do” digunakan jika tidak ada perubahan.

Mari kita coba latihan supaya tidak lupa.

  1. Are you (making/doing) progress with your drawing?
  2. We often (do/make) business with your father.
  3. That news (did/made) my mother happy yesterday?
  4. The President (did/made) a speech yesterday.
  5. I’ve already been (doing/making) this paperwork for 30 minutes.
  6. I (made/did) an appointment to visit ym doctor yesterday.
  7. I know it isn’t a good situation, but I’ll have to (do/make) the best of it.
  8. Excuse me, could you (make/do) me a favor and watch my bags for a moment?
  9. I’d like my steal well (done/made), please.
  10. If you want to buy that car, I’m sure we can (do/make) a deal.

Answer:

  1. making
  2. do
  3. made
  4. made
  5. doing
  6. made
  7. make
  8. do
  9. done
  10. make

Compiled by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on October 1, 2011.

#EngTrivia: “like” as a verb and a preposition

‘Like’ can be used as a noun, verb, etc. Tetapi sekarang kita hanya akan mempelajari ‘like’ sebagai kata kerja (verb) dan kata depan (preposition).

‘Like’ yang berarti suka berbentuk kata kerja (verb) sedangkan ‘like’ yang berarti seperti/mirip berbentuk kata depan (preposition).

  • ‘Like’ sebagai kata kerja biasanya didahului oleh subjek dan diikuti dengan kata kerja atau kata benda sebagai objek.

‘Like’ as a verb: Subject + like + Verb/Noun sebagai objek.

Contoh:

  1. I like mangoes.
  2. He likes playing football.
  3. Do you like watching movies?
  • Sementara itu ‘like’ sebagai kata depan biasanya didahului oleh subjek dan kata kerja kemudian diikuti dengan kata benda sebagai objek.

‘Like’ as a preposition: Subject + Verb + like + Noun as an object.

Contoh:

  1. She looks like Madonna.
  2. Paul runs like the wind.

Compiled by @ChatrineYK at  on October 6, 2011

#EngTrivia: “One”/”Ones” as pronoun

“One” dan “ones digunakan saat kita menggabungkan 2 kalimat dengan objek yang sama, tapi dengan sifat yang lain.

Selain itu, “One” dan “ones” dipakai untuk menggantikan benda atau objek. Jadi, kita tidak perlu menuliskan kata benda setelah menggunakan salah satu dari kedua kata tersebut.

“One” digunakan untuk menggantikan kata benda (objek) tunggal, sedangkan “ones” digunakan untuk menggantikan objek jamak.

  • Contoh:
    • Herry is a friendly boy, but Jimmy is a talkative one.” (one menggantikan ‘boy’)
    • “My puppies are brown-white, but those ones are black.” (ones menggantikan ‘puppies’)

Perhatikan bahwa setelah menggunakan kata ganti “one”/”ones”, kata benda yang digantikan tidak perlu disebut kembali.

  • Contoh:
    • Benar: Herry is a friendly boy, but Jimmy is a talkative one.
    • Salah: Herry is a friendly boy, but Jimmy is a talkative one boy.

 

Practice

Choose True (T) or False (F), and correct the mistake.

  1. This woman is fat, but that one is thin.
  2. This long candle is white, but that short ones is red.
  3. This necklace is made of gold, but that ones is made of silver.
  4. These apples are red, but those one are green.
  5. These pens are ours, but those ones pens are theirs.
  6. We buy yellow shawls, but they buy green one.
  7. I shall buy a cheap drink, but he will buy an expensive ones.
  8. This problem is easy, but that one is difficult.
  9. That train might be old, but it is a fast one.
  10. He drives a red car, but his wife drives a white ones.

 

Answer:

  1. T
  2. F (one)
  3. F (one)
  4. F (ones)
  5. F (those ones are)
  6. F (ones)
  7. F (one)
  8. T
  9. T
  10. F (one)

 

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, October 5, 2011

Related post(s):

^MD

#EngClass: Ordinal numbers with -st, -nd, -rd, and -th

Apakah kalian pernah mendapat ranking atau menjadi juara lomba di sekolah maupun di kampus? Adakah yang pernah berpindah dari satu lantai ke lantai lain dengan dalam suatu gedung?

Ordinal number dipakai untuk menyatakan tingkat, urutan atau posisi ke-sekian. Contoh: peringkat, lantai, urutan kejadian, dll. Pertama-tama mari kita bahas cara mengubah angka biasa (cardinal number) menjadi ordinal number.

Membentuk ordinal number

Untuk membentuk ordinal number, kita perlu menambah suffix ke angka posisi. Ada 4 jenis suffix yang biasa digunakan: -st, -nd, -rd, atau -th.

  • Suffix-st” dipakai untuk urutan ke-1 (1st-first), dan setiap ke-sekian puluh satu .
    • Contoh:
      • 21st – twenty first,
      • 51th – fifty first, etc.
  • Suffix-nd” dipakai untuk urutan ke-2 (2nd-second), dan setiap ke-sekian puluh dua.
    • Contoh:
      • 32nd – thirty second,
      • 62nd – sixty second, etc.
  • Suffix-rd” dipakai untuk urutan ke-3 (3rd-third), dan setiap ke-sekian puluh tiga.
    •  Contoh:
      • 43rd – forty third,
      • 73rd – seventy third, etc.
  • Suffix-th” dipakai untuk urutan-urutan lainnya, termasuk ‘semua’ urutan belasan.
    • Contoh:
      • ke-4 = 4thfourth,
      • ke-5 = 5thfifth,
      • ke-9 = 9thninth,
      • ke-10 = 10thtenth.
    • Contoh belasan:
      • ke-11 = 11theleventh,
      • ke-12 = 12thtwelfth,
      • ke-13 = 13ththirteenth, etc.
    • Contoh lain:
      • ke-57 = 57th – fifty seventh,
      • ke-861 = 861st – eight hundred and sixty first,
      • ke-249 = 249th – two hundred and forty ninth, etc.

Menggunakan ordinal number

Lalu bagaimana cara penggunaannya? Ordinal number selalu diikuti oleh singular noun. Kenapa? Karena hanya ada 1 ‘kelompok benda’ yang berada di tingkat, posisi, atau urutan tersebut. Contoh:

  • Anak ke-3 = third child.
  • Lantai (ke-)21 = twenty first floor.
  • Ulang tahun ke-56 = fifty sixth birthday
  • Ranking (ke-)1 = first rank.
  • (sesuatu) yang ke-15 = fifteenth one.

Ordinal number juga biasa dipakai untuk menyatakan tanggal, dengan menambahkan ‘of’ (British). Contoh:

  • Tanggal 4 Juli = 4th of July
  • Tanggal 17 Agustus = 17th of August
  • Tanggal 31 Oktober = 31st of October

PRACTICE:

Mari kita latihan. Caranya: ubah angka-angka berikut jadi ordinal numbers (angka dan tulisan).

  • Contoh soal: 91.
  • Contoh jawaban: 91st – Ninty first.
  1. 414
  2. 572
  3. 169
  4. 311
  5. 85
  6. 43

ANSWERS:

  1. 414th – four hundred and fourteenth.
  2. 572nd – five hundred and seventy second.
  3. 169th – one hundred and sixty ninth.
  4. 311th – three hundred and eleventh.
  5. 85th – eighty fifth.
  6. 43rd – forty third.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, October 5, 2011.


RELATED POST(S):

^MQ

#EngTrivia: “but” as preposition

Selain berfungsi sebagai conjunction, ‘but’ juga dapat berfungsi sebagai preposition. Sebagai preposition, arti ‘but’ merujuk kepada pengecualian.

Contoh:

  • Everybody went to the party but Jane.
  • They want nothing but cheese cakes.
  • All but you passed the test.

Penggunaan ‘but’ sebagai preposition ini biasa diikuti dengan kata ganti objek atau kata ganti subjek.

Contoh:

  • Nobody but him/he will go to the graduation (him >> kata ganti objek, he >> kata ganti subjek).

Beberapa penggunaan contoh “but” sebagai preposition:

  1. nothing but …’ Arti: hanya …
    • Contoh:
      • I want nothing but cheese cake. (Saya hanya mau cheese cake, tidak mau yang lain).
  2. ‘anything but …’ Arti: apapun selain …
    • Contoh:
      • Don’t give me anything but cheese cake. (Jangan beri aku apapun selain cheese cake).
  3. ‘everything but …’  Arti: apa saja selain.
    • .Contoh:
      • I can eat everything but the cheese cake. (Saya bisa makan apa saja selain cheese cake). 

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at  on Tuesday, October 4, 2011.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

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