#USSlang: American slang (3)

  1. Da bomb. Meaning: Excellent, the best.
    • Example:
      • “He’s da bomb! I think he’s the best guitar player I’ve ever known.”
  2. Jock. Meaning: An athlete, particularly a male athlete.
    • Example:
      • “He’s a jock. He’s used to winning sport games.”
  3. Downer. Meaning: Something or someone that is depressing; anything that makes one sad.
    • Example:
      • “She’s a downer. I don’t like her around.”
  4. Blow it. Meaning: To lose or waste something; to do very poorly or fail miserably.
    • Example:
      • “Don’t blow it. This is your last chance.”
  5. Green thumb. Meaning: A special talent for gardening.
    • Example:
      • “Your garden in lovely. You must have a green thumb.”
  6. Know-it-all. Meaning: A person who thinks they know everything.
    • Example:
      • “It’s Mr know-it-all who can’t stop interrupting our speech.”
  7. Cold feet. Meaning: Loss of courage; fear.
    • Example:
      • “I always get cold feet every time I have to speak in front of public.”
  8. Raise the roof. Meaning: To have fun and make a lot of noise.
    • Example:
      • “The party is on. Let’s raise the roof.”
  9. HogMeaning: To selfishly claim all of something; to eat or take everything.
    • Example:
      • “Don’t hog the car. It’s not yours.”
  10. High five. Meaning: A way to say “Bravo!” or “Good job!” by slapping someone’s hand in the air.
    • Example:
      • “Great job! Give me high five!”

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, July 26, 2011

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#EngClass: Conditional sentences

First thing First. Dalam sebuah conditional sentence terdapat 2 clause (klausa) atau bentuk dasar kalimat, yaitu: if clause dan result clause.

Contoh:

If I have more money, I’ll buy a car.”

  • If I have more money” = if clause.
  • I’ll buy a car” = result clause.

Ada 4 jenis conditional sentence, masing-masing dengan fungsi yang berbeda, yaitu: zero, first, second, dan third conditional.

1. Zero conditional

Zero conditional digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang selalu benar (seperti contohnya kebenaran ilmiah). Struktur:

if clause (present simple), result clause (present simple)

Contoh:

  • If we heat ice, it melts.
  • Arti kalimat: “Jika kita menghangatkan es, es akan mencair.”
  • Hal ini merupakan sebuah kepastian yang tidak bisa diragukan.

2. First conditional

First conditional digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sesuatu yang benar terjadi saat ini atau di masa depan (true in the present or future). Struktur:

if clause (present simple), result clause (will/can + V1)

Contoh: 

  • If I have more money, I’ll buy a car.
  • Kalimat contoh berarti: “Jika di masa depan saya punya lebih banyak uang, sangat mungkin sekali saya akan membeli mobil.”

3. Second conditional

Second conditional digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sesuatu yang tidak benar atau berlawanan dengan kenyataan saat ini (untrue in the present). Struktur:

if clause (past simple), result clause (would/could + V1)

Contoh:

  • If I had more money, I’d buy a car.
  • Kalimat contoh berarti: Kalau saja saya punya lebih banyak uang, saya akan membeli mobil. Pada kenyataannya saya tidak punya uang lebih.

4. Third conditional

Third conditional digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sesuatu yang tidak benar atau berlawanan dengan kenyataan di masa lalu (untrue in the past). Struktur:

if clause (past perfect), result clause (would have/could have + V3)

Contoh:

  • If I had more money, I could have bought a car.
  • Kalimat contoh berarti: Kalau saja dulu saya punya lebih banyak uang, saya bisa saja membeli mobil. Pada kenyataannya, dulu saya tidak punya uang lebih, maka saya tidak bisa membeli mobil.

Baiklah, sekian penjelasan. Admin akan memberi beberapa contoh kalimat lain (nomor sesuai dengan urutan jenis conditional sentence di atas).

  1. If you don’t eat, you’ll die. – If you don’t try, you will never know.
  2. If I meet the girl I like, I’ll ask her out. – If I do good at school, I will be happy
  3. If I had the guts, I’d ask her out. – If I had wings, I could fly.
  4. If I had had the guts, I would have asked her out. – If we had won, we would have brought the prizes.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, July 25, 2011

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#EngQuote: English quotes (1)

  1. “Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. Anyone who keeps learning stays young.” – Henry Ford
  2. “You haven’t failed, until you stop trying” – Unknown
  3. “One must learn by doing the thing; for though you think you know it, you have no certainty, until you try.” – Sophocles
  4. “Every artist was at first an amateur.” – Ralph W. Emerson
  5. “Learning is never done without errors and defeat.” – Vladimir Lenin

Compiled by @EnglishTips4U on July 24, 2011

#EngGame: Common spelling mistakes

Rules of the game:

  1. Type the number of the question as you answer.
  2. Choose the right spelling between 2 words.

Let’s start!

  1. “Cemetery” or “cemetary”?
  2. “Espresso” or “expresso”?
  3. “Government” or “goverment”?
  4. “Enlightment” or “enlightenment”?
  5. “Forty” or “fourty”?
  6. “Pronounciation” or “pronunciation”?
  7. “Writting” or “writing”?
  8. “Ninth” or “nineth”?
  9. “Acknowledge” or “aknowlegde”?
  10. “Beautiful” or “beautifull”?
  11. “Bussiness” or “business”?
  12. “Misspell” or “mispell”?
  13. “Devide” or “divide”?
  14. “Grammer” or “grammar”?
  15. “Bycicle” or “bicycle”?
  16. “Chinese” or “Chinesse”?
  17. “Until” or “untill”?
  18. “Potatoes” or “potatos”?
  19. “Strength” or “strenght”?
  20. “Dissappear” or “disappear”?

ANSWERS:

  1. cemetery
  2. espresso
  3. government
  4. enlightenment
  5. forty
  6. pronunciation
  7. writing
  8. ninth
  9. acknowledge
  10. beautiful
  11. business
  12. misspell
  13. divide
  14. grammar
  15. bicycle
  16. Chinese (with capital letter)
  17. until
  18. potatoes
  19. strength
  20. disappear

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U  for@EnglishTips4U on Saturday, July 23, 2011


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#EngClass: Modal auxiliary

The modal auxiliaries (singular: auxiliary) mencakup can, may, might, could, would, will, shall, must, should, ought to, used to.

Modal auxiliary digunakan untuk menunjukkan seberapa yakin kita akan suatu hal. Secara umum, modal auxilliary dapat dibedakan menjadi 2 kelompok, yaitu stronger and weaker.

Stronger and weaker adalah modal ausxilliary yang di gunakan ketika saat kita berada dalam kondisi tidak mengetahui kebenaran akan suatu hal. Terdapat beberapa contoh kalimat untuk memperjelas kondisi tersebut yang menggunakan beberapa jenis modal auxiliary.

  • “It will be Ana,”
  • “It must be Ana,”
  • “It should be Ana,”
  • “It may be Ana,”
  • “It might be Ana,”
  • “It could be Ana,”
  • “It won’t be Ana,”
  • “It can’t be Ana,” atau
  • “It couldn’t be Ana.”

Jika respon diurutkan, kalimat yang pertama paling yakin dan yang terakhir paling tidak yakin.

Berikut ini adalah beberapa jenis modal auxiliary beserta arti dan contoh penggunaannya dalam kalimat.

  1. ‘Can’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “The news about him can be true.”
    • Ability. Contoh:
      • “I can play the piano well.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You can go now,” my mother said.
  2. ‘May’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It may rain tonight.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You may go now,” my mother said.
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • May your dreams come true.”
  3. ‘Might’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It might rain tonight.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You might go now.” my mother said.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I might have won the game.”
  4. ‘Could’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It could rain tonight.”
    • Ability. Contoh:
      • “I could play the piano when I was six.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “My mother said I could go.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I could have won the game.”
  5. ‘Would’ memiliki arti:
    • Habit. Contoh:
      • “When I was six, I would go to my parents’ room and sleep there.”
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I wish it would rain tonight.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • “It would rain tonight.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I would have won the game.”
  6. ‘Will’ memiliki arti:
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I hope it will be fine.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • “It will rain tonight.”
  7. ‘Shall’ memiliki arti:
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I hope it shall be fine.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • Shall we go now?”
  8. ‘Must’ memiliki arti:
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You must finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It must be Ana.”
  9. ‘Should’ memiliki arti:
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I should have won the game.”
    • Tentative meaning. Contoh:
      • Should there be a problem, call me.”
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You should finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It should be Ana.”
  10. ‘Ought to’ memiliki arti:
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You ought to finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It ought to be Ana.”
  11. ‘Used to’ memiliki arti:
    • Past state or habit. Contoh:
      • “When I was six, I used to go to my parents’ room and sleep there.”

 

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, July 20, 2011

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#EngClass: British vs American English in Harry Potter books

Do you know buku Harry Potter dalam Bahasa Inggris dicetak dalam 2 versi, untuk Inggris (UK) dan Amerika Serikat (US). Ada yang mengoleksi buku Harry Potter dalam Bahasa Inggris? Kalau kamu bandingkan, ada perbedaan di British dan American English yang digunakan.

Contohnya ada di judul buku Harry Potter pertama, “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” (UK) dan “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone” (US).

Berikut adalah daftar penamaan hal-hal yang berbeda dalam British English dan American English di dalam buku Harry Potter:

  1. British English (BrE): car park. vs. American English (AmE): parking lot.
    • Arti: tempat parkir.
  2. BrE: jumper. vs. AmE: sweater.
    • Arti: baju hangat.
  3. BrE: nutter. vs. AmE: maniac.
    • Arti: orang gila.
  4. BrE: cupboard. vs. AmE: closet.
    • Arti: lemari.
  5. BrE: torch. vs. AmE: flashlight.
    1. Arti: lampu senter.
  6. BrE: biscuits. vs. AmE: cookies.
    • Arti: kue kering.
  7. BrE: letter boxes. vs. AmE: mailboxes.
    • Arti: kotak surat.
  8. BrE: dustbin. vs. AmE: trash can.
    • Arti: tempat sampah.
  9. BrE: cooker. vs. AmE: stove.
    • Arti: kompor.
  10. BrE: fringe. vs. AmE: bangs.
    • Arti: poni (rambut).
  11. BrE: motorbike. vs. AmE: motorcycle.
    • Arti: sepeda motor.
  12. BrE: comprehensive. vs. AmE: public school.
    • Arti: sekolah negeri.
  13. BrE: football. vs. AmE: soccer.
    • Arti: sepak bola.
  14. BrE: trolley. vs. AmE: cart.
    • Arti: kereta barang.
  15. BrE: rucksack. vs. AmE: backpack.
    • Arti: tas punggung.
  16. BrE: driver. vs. AmE: conductor.
    • Arti: masinis.
  17. BrE: trainers. vs. AmE: sneakers.
    • Arti: sepatu olahraga.
  18. BrE: sports lessons. vs. AmE: gym.
    • Arti: kelas olahraga.
  19. BrE: chips. vs. AmE: fries.
    • Arti: kentang goreng.
  20. BrE: queuing. vs. AmE: lining up.
    • Arti: mengantri.
  21. BrE: register. vs. AmE: roll call.
    • Arti: absensi.
  22. BrE: toilet. vs. AmE: bathroom.
    • Arti: kamar mandi.
  23. BrE: changing room. vs. AmE: locker room.
    • Arti: ruang ganti.
  24. BrE: dressing gown. vs. AmE: bathrobe.
    • Arti: jubah mandi.
  25. BrE: time-table. vs. AmE: schedule.
    • Arti: jadwal.

Do you know that the ending “-ise” and “-ize” in verbs such as “recognise” and “recognize” are both used in UK? However, “-ize” is only used in US.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for@EnglishTips4U on Thursday, July 21, 2011


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#EngGame: solve these riddles (1)

Who wants to play some English games? Let’s solve some riddles, shall we?

riddle -n. a question or statement so framed as to exercise one’s ingenuity in answering it or discovering its meaning. Indonesian: teka-teki.

Rules of the game:

  1. Type the number of the question as you answer.
  2. Clues will be given on how many letters the answer is.

Let’s start!

  1. What goes around the world and stays in a corner? _ _ _ _ _ (5 letters)
  2. What can fill a room but takes up no space? _ _ _ _ _ (5 letters)
  3. Take off my skin, I won’t cry, but you will. What am I? _ _ _ _ _ (5 letters)
  4. What has to be broken before it can be used? _ _ _ (3 letters)
  5. You answer me although I never ask you questions. What am I? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (9 letters)
  6. It’s in the middle of the sea. It appears in the evening and disappears in the morning. Love without it is nothing. _ (1 letter)
  7. What goes round the house and in the house but never touches the house? _ _ _ (3 letters)
  8. What holds water yet is full of holes? _ _ _ _ _ _ (6 letters)
  9. What comes once in a minute, twice in a moment, but never in a thousand years? _ (1 letter)
  10. What gets wet when drying? _ _ _ _ _ (5 letters)

——————–

ANSWER KEY:

  1. stamp
  2. light
  3. onion
  4. egg
  5. telephone
  6. E
  7. sun
  8. sponge
  9. M
  10. towel

DYK? The ending “-ise” and “-ize” in verbs such as “recognise” and “recognize” are both used in UK. However, “-ize” only used in US.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U on July 20, 2011

#GrammarTrivia: “actually”

DYK? Kata “actually” memiliki arti yang sama dengan “in fact”/ “in reality” (pada kenyataannya). Digunakan untuk

  1. menegaskan sesuatu.
  2. tidak menyetujui sesuatu.

Kata “actually” artinya tidak sama dengan “now”/ “at present” (saat ini).

1) “actually” digunakan untuk menekankan sesuatu, ketika kita ingin mengungkapkan fakta yang mengejutkan. Digunakan di tengah kalimat. Contoh:

  1. “There is this very beautiful girl next door. You can actually see her from across the street.”
  2. “That company’s revenue grows bigger every year. The owner actually does all the jobs himself.”

2) “actually” digunakan untuk tidak menyetujui sesuatu. Jika kita pikir yang dikatakan atau dilakukan seseorang salah, kita bisa mengoreksinya dengan “actually”. Untuk fungsi yang ke-2, “actually” digunakan di awal atau akhir kalimat. Contoh:

  1. “People say love brings happiness. Actually it’s the other way around.”
  2. “Thanks for helping me with my school assignment. | Well, it wasn’t me. It was Andy who helped you, actually.”

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U on July 17, 2011

#EngClass: agreement

agreement adalah kecocokan antara subject (subyek) dan verb (kata kerja) dalam suatu clause (klausa). Clause: struktur utama kalimat.

  • Sedikit tentang clause: sebuah kalimat setidaknya terdiri dari satu clause. Bentuk clause pada umumnya terdiri dari: S(ubject)+V(erb).
  • Contoh clause: “The baby cries.” (S+V); “I like apples.” (S+V+O); etc. Sebuah kalimat bisa terdiri dari lebih dari satu clause.

Kembali ke “agreement“…

Jadi, yang dimaksud adalah kecocokan antara S “the baby” pada contoh tadi dengan V “cries“. Atau S “I” dengan V “like“.

Aturan dasar “agreement“: singular subject + singular verb phrase. Atau plural subject + plural verb phrase. Berlaku untuk kata ganti orang ke-3.

agreement” berlaku pada penggunaan present tense untuk verb; namun juga pada past tense untuk verb “be“. Kita beri contohnya ya…

Pada present tense (berlaku untuk verb):

  1. They like apples.” – “She likes apples.”
  2. The baby cries.” – “The babies cry.”

Perhatikan perbedaan penggunaan kata “like” pada S “they” (plural) dan “she” (singular). Juga penggunaan kata “cry” pada S “baby” dan “babies“.

Contoh verb “be”:

  1. Present tense: “The book is pink.” – “The books are pink.”
  2. Past tense: “He was sick.” – “They were sick.”

Perhatikan perbedaan penggunaan bentuk “be” menjadi “is” dan “are” pada present tense; dan “was” dan “were” pada past tense, sesuai dengan S.

Written by @EnglishTips4U on July 17, 2011

#GrammarTrivia: Uncountable noun

“Countable noun” memiliki bentuk singular (tunggal) dan plural (jamak), sementara “uncountable noun” memiliki bentuk singular saja.

Kebanyakan noun (kata benda) termasuk dalam “countable noun”.

Contoh:

  • “a baby” (bentuk singular) – “babies” (bentuk jamak).

uncountable noun” merujuk pada benda yang tak bisa dihitung. Benda yang termasuk dalam kategori ini antara lain zat, cairan, gas, ide abstrak.

Contoh

  • (zat) paper, gold, rock;
  • (benda cair) water, oil;
  • (gas) smoke, oxygen;
  • (ide abstrak) music, money.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for@EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, July 12, 2011


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#BusEng: Business English verbs (1)

All questions are taken from: Business English Verbs by David Evans, published by Penguin English.

  1. Advise. “They advised us to go to another bank.” The Indonesian word for “advise” is …
  2. Assemble. “The cars are assembled at our factory.” The Indonesian word for “assemble” is …
  3. Auction. “They auctioned the painting today.” The Indonesian word for “auction” is …
  4. Bribe. “He bribed the customs officer.” The Indonesian word for “bribe” is …
  5. Confess. “I must confess – I didn’t think of that.” The Indonesian word for “confess” is …
  6. Defraud. “He defrauded his business partner.” The Indonesian word for “defraud” is …
  7. Endorse. “The French team is endorsing our car.” The Indonesian word for “endorse” is …
  8. Foot the bill. “We all had to foot the bill.” The Indonesian meaning of “foot the bill” is …
  9. Go on strike. “They went on strike for more pay.” The Indonesian meaning of “go on strike” is …
  10. Go short. “She went short on sterling.” The Indonesian meaning of “go short” is …

ANSWERs:

  1. advise = menyarankan.
  2. assemble = merakit (pasif: dirakit).
  3. auction = melelang.
  4. bribe = menyuap.
  5. confess = mengakui.
  6. defraud = menggelapkan uang.
  7. endorse = membiayai/mensponsori/menyokong.
  8. shoot the bill = membayar semua biaya/tagihan.
  9. go on strike = mogok (kerja).
  10. go short = kekurangan.

TRIVIA: The ending “-ise” and “-ize” in verbs such as “recognise” and “recognize” are both used in UK. However, “-ize” only used in US.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, July 11, 2011


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#EngProverb: English proverbs

  1. Learn to walk before you run.” – Don’t rush into doing something until you know how to do it.
  2. Money doesn’t grow on trees.” – You shouldn’t waste money because it is not plentiful.
  3. Patience is a virtue.” – It is good to be patient.
  4. Still waters run deep.” – A quiet person can have much knowledge or wisdom.
  5. The best things in life are free.” – You don’t have to pay for what is important: happiness, friendship, good health.
  6. When in Rome, do as the Romans do.” – You should adopt the customs of the people or country you are visiting.
  7. Walls have ears.” – Be careful. People could be listening.
  8. It’s no use crying over spilt milk.” – Don’t express regret for something that has happened and cannot be remedied.
  9. He who hesitates is lost.” – If you delay your decision too long, you may miss a good opportunity.
  10. Fools rush in where angels fear to tread.” – Inexperienced people act in situations that more intelligent people would avoid.

Compiled by @EnglishTips4U on July 10, 2011

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