Category Archives: knowledge

#EngKnowledge: The history of ‘baby’

‘Baby’ is an endearing term people use to call their husband/wife, boyfriend/girlfriend in the English language. Almost every love song will have the word ‘baby’ or ‘babe’ in it. Have you ever wondered where did the term came from?

‘Baby’ and ‘babe’ first came up around year 1400s in England, used to describe ‘a human child.’

People started to use the term to describe a romantic partner in America around 19th century. At first, men used ‘baby’ to call each other without any romantic feeling to it. (How time has changed!) That was in 1835.

In 1911, Oxford English Dictionary began to list ‘babe’ with romantic connotation. The word didn’t show up again until 1960s, in a letter by General H. M. Naglee. Starting in 1915, ‘baby’ began to be used to describe an attractive woman. But only in 1975 that ‘baby’ began to used to describe attractive men. Notice how the meaning had changed rapidly from 1835 to 1975 alone.

Nowadays, there are different variety of the word. ‘Bae’ is commonly used as an Internet slang. ‘Bae’ itself is short for ‘before anyone else.’

Katherine Connor Martin, head of US dictionaries in Oxford English Dictionaries, explained the different terms people had used to call their loved ones throughout the ages.

Words like ‘honey’ and ‘sugar’ began to be used in early 20th century. Whilst ‘cinnamon’ and ‘honeysop’ were popular even between 1400-1500s. Even ‘lamb chop’ was commonly used in 1960s. Hm… I love you, dear lamb chop.

Embedded image permalink
(Image courtesy

According to Connor Martin, American English played a big role in spreading the use of ‘baby,’ especially through pop music.

Today, ‘baby’ is used to describe both a human child and someone attractive. Whilst ‘babe’ is exclusively for someone attractive. Even in Indonesian language, we often see ‘beb’ being adsorbed in our daily life.

Is there any endearment term you’d like to share with us?

“Sweety pumpkin! 😅” – @higuanief
“cutie pie ^^” – @fathiaee
“mok. If u hvnt heard of it. Haha” – @baozizilu

Source: New York Magazine’s The Cut

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4u on Sunday, December 14, 2014

Related post(s):

#EngKnowledge: Spell It Out! by David Crystal

 One thing for sure this Saturday… there will be an #EngKnowledge… on…. this question…

“Why on earth is — spelled like that?”

Name one time you did not ask that question in your life? Or at least “How do you spell it?”

Adding to what admin Patty has discussed previously ->, English spelling has been always questioned

Taken from David Crystal’s book “Spell it Out”, it is stated that the background of someone learning English spelling constitutes of “twofold”:

1. “Children learning to read and write English as a mother-tongue”

2. “The vast number of children and adults who are learning English as a foreign language” 

According to Crystal, the complaint of English spelling is a result of the language’s centuries of evolution

No wonder it is difficult :/ 

“Can anything be done to facilitate the task of learning to spell English words?” Crystal believes yes, although..

..”a new pedagogy (way of teaching) will take a while to implement”

To be honest, it is not all doom and gloom if you cannot spell an English word

Crystal stated:

“Society expects us to spell perfectly. And yet we are all aware that there are some words in the language that we don’t know how to spell, and have to look them up before we write them. There are no exceptions.”

Crystal continued, “Nobody knows how to spell every word in the language. Even the brilliant spellers who win prizes in spelling bees get some words wrong.”

Crystal creates this book to break down the spelling problem. He does it by EXPLAINING it.

Crystal stated that “some people think spelling reform is the best way forward” yet to him, the first step is to understand it

To Crystal, understanding the present English spelling system would not be the whole solution, “but it’s half the battle”

So, fellas, do not worry if you didn’t get an English word spelling right by the first attempt :)

More on David Crystal’s Spell It Out can be Googled, or stay tuned with us as next week, more bits of it will be discussed :)

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4u on November 15, 2014

Source: “Spell It Out” Introduction by David Crystal, 2013

#EngKnowledge: Doggy Bag

Hi fellas! Hope you have a great Sunday!

Today’s session will be about :D We’ll be talking about the culinary term “doggy bag”!

“Doggy bag” is when a restaurant patron had leftovers from his meal, and he decides to pack and take it home.

Restaurant patron = pengunjung resto // leftovers = makanan sisa

What’s with the name though? It’s considered more polite to talk as if the food will be given to the pet at home.

It’s feared that the cook will be offended if the meal is not completely finished.

(Though I personally think it’s easier to just say you want to have it at home).

Another theory said it is rooted from the East Anglian term “docky”, which means ‘lunch’.

In some European countries, asking for a doggy bag will be frowned upon.

This is definitely not the doggy bag we talked about:

Source: Wikipedia

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 19, 2014

#EngKnowledge: Sweden’s and Netherlands’ English Fluency

So, does anyone know which countries that speak English well despite it is their second language?

@arifdarmawan88: India?” Yes, anywhere else?

@LilMissSlipshot: Malaysia? Well some Malaysians. Ps, your account is awesome!” Yes, Malaysia is one of them. And thanks :)

@fitigy: Netherlands, right? I read that almost 90% of their population can speak English.” Yep

@M_AryoUmbara: singapore. Philippine”

@arifdarmawan88: Nigeria ^_^”

@ajengRDewi: Spain”

@ajengRDewi: France”

@zuojia8: Phillipines: english is their second language, their text book used english and tagalog.”

@baguspratamasn: South Africa”

@ratnashf: Germany”

@ChieWon407: malaysia~ ah wonder if English also as second language in Indonesia~” hmm a survey did say we are

Well, interestingly if we look up the internet the English Proficiency Index is done by English First (EF), sadly the Philippines and Nigeria are not there. Yet it doesn’t mean their proficiency is really low :)

See here … and here …

The past years admin has experienced staying in Sweden and the Netherlands

Both countries struck me with their great English Proficiency almost to wherever we go, especially in speaking

Can you guess why are they good at it, fellas?

Admin terkagum2 bahwa Swedia dan Belanda memiliki keahlian berbahasa Inggris yang tinggi, terutama dalam berbicara @Ersrdnto

Padahal bahasa Inggris bukan bahawa utamanya @Ersrdnto

Ada yang bisa menebak mengapa negara-negera seperti Swedia, Belanda bisa memiliki keahlian bahasa Inggris yang cukup tinggi?

@Khafila: karena pernah dijajah oleh Inggris” I don’t think so…

@Ersrdnto: europe made english as 2nd language.” could be a factor :)

@SescoSaragih: their languages belong to anglo-norman (in which most english words derive)” hmm interesting point :)

@Yusuke3192: they’re proud to their own language (?)” if so, why would they learn English well?

One of the factors I found is that they learn English in school from early age

Interestingly, apparently, like in the Netherlands, they have to master their own language and English in the same time, even to the same level in that same time

In an article about Sweden’s English Proficiency, what helps them learn is also that English is “Germanic-based”

Some of you have mentioned some things too, I will share them :)

@widyatamala: they obviously realized that English is such a global language, which is why they keep learning and practicing it”

@Roollz: Maybe because their language grammar structures similar with english…”

@morends: maybe they dont have ‘bahasa daerah’ so, they speak english. Make sense?” Hmm they have dialects though

@nythaata: because their languages are the same type with English. Germanic.” I missed yours!

@ramadhanughi: i’m not sure for Spain and France. Coz ppl in there love their native language. I think Sweden has more active english users”

I think education plays a part for the Swedes/Dutch English Proficiency

But what’s interesting, such as in Sweden, there are no specific English newspapers published by Sweden itself

And in the Netherlands, only in Amsterdam you can find transportation warnings in English. In Stockholm, Sweden there are none.

Even though Sweden and Netherlands are good in English speaking wise, they don’t forget their culture and language.

So being able to speak English well as a second language does not mean that you have left your own.

And even though you haven’t spoken English well, does not mean you can’t learn to be better either :)

I hope what I shared is a new and useful #EngKnowledge for you today :)

@fangurl___: I am surprised to know that South Korea has more English Proficiency points than us…” yep, apparently

@umisadiq: the problem with Indonesians is that they r not confident enough to practice english they’ve learned from school/eng course

@ramadhanughi: some countries are proud speaking in their mother tongue than english. E.g. Japan, Italy, France

@Wesli_S: I think before English become a global language, Esperanto become global language first.. (cmiiw)” What’s Esperanto?

@Wesli_S: Esperanto is not Spanish language.It created by a community. It similar with Spanish,but it’s not(if I’m nt wrg)”

@Putrindhw: esperanto is a language introduced in 1887 by Dr. L.L. Zamenhof (further info )

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4u on August 9, 2014




#EngKnowledge: Short history of May Day

May 1st, is an annual holiday where we celebrate Labor Day or International Workers’ Day, also known as May Day. Do you know what May Day means and the history behind it? This time, let me share some knowledge and facts about this day.

Are you currently working, fellas? How many hours do you work in a day? 8 hours? Where did this rule come from?

Well, here’s the history…

  • May Day is originally a pagan holiday, which is an ancient Northern Hemisphere spring festival.
  • But in relation to Labor Day, it is held in commemoration of four workers executed for struggling for an 8-hour day.
  • On 1 May 1886, a strike demanding an 8 hour day in Chicago started. 400,000 workers from different backgrounds were involved.
  • The eight-hour movement began a century before that, 1806. In that era workers worked 19 to 20 hours a day. Imagine that!
  • Two days after 1 May 1886, a mass meeting was held. After a police attack and a bomb, 8 men were captured and stood trial.
  • Although there was no proof that the 8 men threw the bomb, and the defense was not allowed to present evidence, 7 were sentenced to death.
  • 1 was sentenced to 15 years in prison. After a massive international campaign for their release, 2 were sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • The day before the executions, 1 committed suicide. On 11 November 1887 Parsons, Engel, Spies and Fischer were hanged.
  • 600,000 workers came to their funeral. The campaign to free the other 3 workers continued. They were eventually set free.
  • Later evidence showed that the bomb may have been thrown by a police agent, as a way to discredit the labour movement.
  • 1904, the International Socialist Conference meeting in Amsterdam declared 1 May as the legal establishment of the 8-hour day.
  • In Indonesia Labor Day has been celebrated since 1920. But it was prohibited during Soeharto era. In 2014 it has become a public holiday.
  • Well, that’s the end of our tonight. Remember, it never hurts to learn some history. It even brings us many advantages! :)
  • Learning history makes you appreciate life & give thanks to those who lived before you & sacrificed so you can enjoy what you have today. :)

Sources: A short history of May DayInternational Workers’ Day and Hari Buruh on Wikipedia

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, May 1, 2014

Related post(s):


#EngTrivia: Cat is a ‘she’

In this fine day, let’s talk about the Internet’s favourite topic: Pets! Do you have any pet at home? The admin has two dogs named Coffee and Latte.

Today I found a really interesting article by Barry Thompson in Esquire. The article discussed why, particularly in American English, people tend to refer to cats as a ‘she’ until they know better.

In English, animals are generally referred as ‘it.’ But it is a cultural thing to refer some animals as a female, such as cows , cats, chicken. Meanwhile, animals like dogs are often referred as a ‘he’.

Through a small research, Barry Thompson tried to understand why. For this research, he interviewed Jackson Galaxy, host of popular TV show “My cat from hell.”

According to Galaxy, dogs are masculine animals because they are action-oriented. They love performing tasks. Cats are more elusive and mysterious, and he believes women are drawn into these qualities.

  • Elusive. Meaning: sulit dipahami.
  • Drawn into. Meaning: tertarik pada.

In many ancient cultures, cats are often associated with goddess. E.g Bastet in Egypt, Freya in Norse myth. I guess that’s why there are Batman and Batgirl, but there is only Catwoman and no Catman?

Another animal often associated with feminine qualities is cow. Do you know why? Tell us your opinion!

Source: Esquire

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 13, 2014

Related post(s):


#EngKnowledge: The Sound of Music

Hey fellas :) I hope your Saturday has been well :D

Have you heard of the songs “Edelweiss”, “Do-Re-Mi”, and “My Favourite Things”?

Do you know what movie it comes from?

@vinceputri: Edelweiss, Edelweiss bless my homeland forever :)

@blukrisna: I love that film! best musical I’ve ever seen!

@silmy94: yes i have, love that songs

@Istiquers: Do re mi, i <3 it

If your  answer is “The Sound of Music” then you are correct :) Today’s #EngKnowledge will be this movie :D

“The Sound of Music”, a movie released in 1965, tells the story of Maria and the Von Trapp Family.

The movie was based on a Broadway theatre play based on the book The Story of the Trapp Family Singers by Maria von Trapp.

The Broadway play’s plot was not as true to the story but it is based on the real family’s existence.

The plot tells the journey of a young postulant at Nonnberg Abbey, Salzburg, Austria, named Maria.

The nuns and Mother Abbess have found her troublesome.

When there was a request from a widowed Austrian naval captain looking for a governess for his seven children, Mother Abbess asks Maria to accept it even though Maria was reluctant.

Captain Georg von Trapp, the widowed Austrian naval captain, seems so strict to his children.

Maria then breaks the ice to the kids by teaching them singing and allows them to play, even planned a trip around Salzburg for them when their father’s away with a lady that he likes at the time.

The children’s singing impressed a friend of the Captain and wanting to enter them to the Salzburg Festival.

In the story the captain disapproves, but the story goes on with music surrounding them.

The singing activities made us the audience felt engaged, wanting to sing-a-long, as the songs were not hard to sing.

Since then Sound of Music songs were known to the world up until today, to some are songs to be learnt as beginners in music.

Some of the songs could even be our way of learning English such as “Do-Re-Mi” and “My Favourite Things”.

They have quite catchy melodies and easy lyrics, which is a perfect way to learn something new.

Before I end the session, here are parts of “Do-Re-Mi” lyrics and see what you get from it:

Screen Shot 2014-04-12 at 00.01.09

Here is a link to the song’s video, see for yourself how the actual song is: or

I hope you guys had fun this session :) Hope you have a great weekend :D

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4u on April 12, 2014

#EngClass: British English (3) – British English History

Hey fellas, ready for tonight’s session? I must warn you though, tonight’s session needs a lot more of your contribution ;)

Sadly it’s not a quiz, it’s not a game, but it’s not hard either. Don’t need to be scared or shy. It’s more like a relaxing English club discussion kind of thing but online for tonight and what we’re discussing tonight is….

Where did British English or even English Language itself come from?

Is it from Britain? Is it only created by England? Is it from somewhere else? How did it get up to we talk or type like this? So, let’s start! Tell us what you think, apa yang ada di benakmu atau pikiranmu.


So, here are some of your answers for the first question we’re starting on

 “Latin & french?” – @gadsya

 “England.” – @chachaicho

 “UK maybe.” – @gitaKuswara

 “Turkey, some 9000 yrs ago.” – @TaniaNataya:

 “Originally the first come from Celts people, so it form from Celtic, and get some influence Roman, France, Germany n Scotland.” – @Liia1116

 “It’s god’s will hahaha, Anglo-Saxon?” – @rezapongo

 ” I once read from a source (forget what was it) that English didn’t come from England/UK but Turkey..” – @alltimelfcfan

 “English is West Germanic language that was first spoken in England. …i got that from wikipedia lol.” – @syifa21

 “English originated from west Germany language (Anglo-Frisian dialects)that was brought by Germany invaders to Britain.” –@SatrioTeguh

 “The pioneer tribe of English language is Anglia, Saxon, Frisia, and Frank from Eastern Europe.” – @Hendry_Andreas

 “ada lg! English has 3stages, OLD, MIDDLE and MODERN. ” – @angelaamoy

 “As I know Britain once used French for few hundreds years. A possibility it was adapted from French.” – @HadiSyuja

 “English is classified West-Germany language fmly. Its combined from local languages that used by Norway & Denmark people” – @tieput

 “The first English that was used back then, was an old English from 3 ethnics, such as  German. But mostly the two ethnics influenced the English (old Eng), then mixed with Celtic language.” – @AriAGafur

 “min, I think English language has the same root with many European countries such as Germany, French, and Nederland.” – @Heni_HT

So, what do fellas think now we have these answers from you? Any other thoughts?

The reason admin brought it up tonight like this is to make this topic open and to let any opinion come from you and practising your English. Why? Have you noticed that nowadays, any history seemed unreal anymore to a lot of people? Many new findings with new technology. Moreover, some parts of history was believed to be changed or not as it is for any kind of reason it has.

As admin knows, the history of English language itself is hardly brought up even in English language studies or lessons, and from what admin read, as admin don’t really master on this subject although the curiosity grew bigger now, it seemed that English is a member of the Germanic family of languages.


We can see that Germanic is a branch of the Indo-European language family, but there were developments later stating it is not from Anglo Saxon and some research of science resulted with Turkey as origin. (It’s not much but here’s one of them … @annjara_ )

It seemed that English itself has developed for years indeed, became a powerful language. England or as we know Inggris, which is part of UK of Britain, became really powerful and managed to make it a universal language.

“Sometime in history, when French colonized England, French was nobler than English (which was spoken by low class people only). It’s then spoken around the globe. I followed History of English Language class back then and it was interesting such a long a history of a language, influenced with politics.” – @iniuni:


“But since the Anglo-Saxon was invading England, i think, the most trusted development is that Germany is the origin. It can be proved from the literary works. The Shakespearean Sonnet was adapted from the Sonnet of Petrarch-Germany. So that, Germany has an important rule in developing the English language especially for the literary work.” – @puteriwidya:


“ProtoEnglish: Wst Grmnc Tribs livd, Trded, Fought Roman Emp. people who spoke latin before they arrived in Britain. So, some vocabs f Latin language entered these Germanic people (Anglo, saxon, etc) language before their arrival in Britain.

OldEnglish: The Germanic invaders dominated the people of Britain who spoke Celtic language. The Lang. that the invders uttered in Britain aftr the Celtic lang ws neglected calld Anglo-Saxon or Old English Lang. Old Eng ws strongly Influnced by North Germanic Language that was used by Norsemen or Viking. Old Eng. period ended when Normans who spoke French Dialect Conquered Britain.

MidEng: The Norman High ranking people used Anglo-Norman Lang but the lower class people used English or Anglo-saxon. Normans had a great influences in the development of English Lang at that time and producing the Middle English Language.” –  @SatrioTeguh


“And I don’t know what exactly the difference between England and Great Britain is. Aren’t they just the same? Unfortunately, they are not the same. In fact, England is now part of Great Britain which means England is a province of Great Britain the country.” –  @iancurly2992:

As I stated before, England is the province of the country Great Britain, sama halnya Bali adalah propinsi dalam negara Indonesia. Can you imagine what great power England has as a province/county to conquer the world and spread this English language.

“No it’s county, di UK propinsi dibilang county not country instead of province.” –  @biantoro_wisnu



“Well it can be from Turkey knowing that before the new settlers come, anglo-saxon, Britain wasn’t unpopulated. There were the forest dwellers about 8500 bc. Maybe they spoke the old english which was from Turkey, since there was nobody wrote anything down and the information just comes fossils, bones metal or relics. Thats my opinion.” –  @annjara_

 “Great Britain=England+Wales+Scotland,while England+Wales+Scotland+North Ireland=UK(utd kingdom). as far as I know, the official name of the country is “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.””- @Heni_HT


“They have now become Commonwealth countries where most of them get benefits from Britain itself such as in education.” – @andretrih

“the UK flag is a combination between English, Scottish, & old Irish flag. – GB flag: + merah dan dasar putih = England, x putih dan dasar biru=Scotland, x merah dasar putih=old Irish.” –  @greg_ario

” After middle English period, the period from 1500 to about 1650 is called Early Modern English period. It was the period when Shakespeare was born, the first English dictionary and English newspaper were published.” – @nakamuralia:

Here’s a link about the differences of GB and UK coming from a school website: … Hopefully you all won’t be confused on GB and UK and England anymore now hehe

So if the question is where did British English came from? It is from English and England, yet why there’s British in front of it? British English seemed to come about due to the many version of English there are now, well, they conquer big places don’t they?

@SatrioTeguh: If you wanna know more about th history of Eng. Lang., you can read this book, A History of Th English Language by N.F. Blake


Maybe English should have come up with a different name now? Hehehe well enjoy your day fellas!

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday – Wednesday, September 4 & 5, 2012.



#EngClass: The History of English vocabulary

Cerita ini admin kutip dari Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary dan admin bagikan agar lebih banyak orang yang tahu.

Bahasa Inggris adalah salah satu bahasa di dunia yang paling kaya vocabulary (kosakata). Hal ini dilatarbelakangi oleh sejarah yang panjang. Bahasa Inggris pada kala itu tidak seperti bahasa yang kita kenal saat ini.

Bahasa Inggris yang kita gunakan dan ketahui saat ini adalah “modern English.” Selama berabad-abad, Bahasa Inggris telah menyerap kata-kata yang berasal dari berbagai bahasa. Mari kita lihat lini masa sejarahnya.

1. Anglo-Saxon.

Bahasa Inggris berkembang dari Anglo-Saxon, atau juga dikenal sebagai “Old English,” yang dibawa oleh suku-suku dari Jerman. Suku-suku dari Jerman itu adalah Angles, Saxons, dan Jutes, yang datang pada abad 5 Masehi. Dari mereka pula “England” mendapat namanya.

England berasal dari “the land of the Angles” (tanah orang Angles). Para penyerbu dari Jerman ini menyumbangkan banyak kosakata. Beberapa kata yang berasal dari masa Anglo-Saxon antara lain: man, breed, eat, shire, woman, work, house.

2. Latin.

Di akhir abad 6, sekelompok biarawan datang sebagai utusan dari Roma, Italia, untuk memperkuat agama Kristen di Inggris. Pada saat itu, kata-kata yang diserap dari Bahasa Latin ke Bahasa Inggris kebanyakan adalah yang berhubungan dengan agama dan pembelajaran. Beberapa kata dalam Bahasa Inggris yang berasal dari Bahasa Latin antara lain: school, pope, candle, minister, verse, mass.

3. Old Norse.

Pada abad 9 dan 10, datang penyerbu dari Skandinavia dan menguasai sebagian besar wilayah di bagian timur Inggris. Banyak kata sehari-hari dalam “modern Inggris” diambil dari Old Norse, yang masih ada hubungannya dengan Anglo-Saxon. Banyak nama tempat berakhiran dengan “-by” yang dalam Bahasa Old Norse sendiri artinya adalah “desa”, mIsalnya Whitby. Beberapa kata dalam Bahasa Inggris yang berasal dari Bahasa Old Norse antara lain: sky, call, dirt, leg, take.

4. French (Bahasa Perancis).

Ketika Inggris ditaklukkan oleh Bangsa Norman dari utara Perancis pada 1066, Bahasa Perancis menjadi bahasa kaum penguasa. Banyak kata dalam “modern English” yang menjelaskan tentang sistem pemerintahan dan hukum, serta masak-memasak berasal dari Bahasa Perancis pada saat itu. Beberapa kata dalam Bahasa Inggris yang berasal dari Bahasa Perancis antara lain: sovereign, govern, braise, mutton, court, advise, veal.

5. Latin dan Greek (Yunani).

Banyak kata dari Bahasa Latin masuk ke dalam Bahasa Inggris melalui Bahasa Perancis. Namun Abad Renaisans pada abad 15 dan 16 membuat orang begitu tertarik pada pembelajaran klasik atau kuno. Kata-kata dari Bahasa Latin dan Yunani ramai digunakan. Beberapa kata yang berasal dari Bahasa Latin dan Yunani antara lain: physics, architecture, compute, educate, radius, history.

6. Worldwide (dari seluruh dunia).

Bahasa Latin dan Yunani masih digunakan sebagai sumber kata baru, terutama berhubungan dengan ilmu pengetahuan. English speaker (pengguna Bahasa Inggris) sekarang mengambil kata dari berbagai sumber di bahasa lain, untuk menjelaskan fenomena yang tidak ada dalam Bahasa Inggris. Beberapa kata dalam Bahasa Inggris yang berasal dari seluruh dunia antara lain: telephone, tea, tattoo, futon, video, sauna.


Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Friday, January 7, 2012

Related post(s):