Category Archives: knowledge

#EngKnowledge: Chinese New Year tradition

Hola, Fellas! What a beautiful day, isn’t it? Well, it must be because we are going to have a long weekend. For those who are going to celebrate Chinese New Year tomorrow, I hope you’ll have a wonderful family reunion tonight. Speaking of Chinese New Year, this evening I am going to share some information about Chinese New Year tradition.

Traditionally, when Chinese New Year is coming most people will clean their house. It is believed that cleaning the house will sweep away the bad luck. Celebrating a new year means welcoming a new beginning. Thus, removing all of the matters of the past would give a space for a new hope, prosperity, and fortune. That is why cleaning the house on Chinese New Year is prohibited.

Besides cleaning the house, some people will have a new hair cutting, buy some new outfits and other stuffs as a completion of the new start. After cleaning the house, Chinese will have a Chinese New Year eve dinner with their family, which is today. It is similar to having a family reunion in Thanksgiving, Christmas eve, as well as (if I’m not mistaken) Eid Mubarak eve. This is the most important event of Chinese New Year celebration because it would be a moment for a family to be rebound and share happiness.

Some sources states that dumpling is the most important food in this family dinner, especially in northern China. Its pocket like shape is believed will bring wealth, harmony and happiness to those who eat it. The various fillings of the dumplings will related to the fortune that awaits you in the next year.

The next thing I am going to talk about is generally the main focus of Chinese New Year, the red packet! (hong bao in Chinese). it is publicly known that a red packet contains a certain sum of money. The red packet is traditionally given from married couple to their parents and younger relatives. This is a symbol of blessing and the red color of the envelope is a symbol of happiness.

Lastly, in the following days Chinese usually go to temple and pray before visiting their another family member and relatives. That was a general tradition of Chinese New Year. People may have a similar yet a quite different one because it might be adjusted to another local tradition.

Well, I may have to call it a night. Happy Chinese New year for those who celebrate it. Have a joyful moment with your family and enjoy your special dinner.

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, February 15, 2018

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#EngKnowledge: Tut wuri handayani

Hello, Fellas. Happy National Education Day.

This special day is also intended to commemorate Ki Hadjar Dewantara. He is a proud national figure for education in Indonesia and also the mastermind of Indonesia education founding philosophy, “Tut wuri handayani.

Indonesian people certainly familiar with “Tut wuri handayani.” Do you still remember what it is?

Tut wuri handayani is one of philosophy in education initiated by Ki Hadjar Dewantara. It is generally followed by two other ideas, “Ing ngarsa sung tulada” and “Ing madya mangun karso.“ Generally, “Tut wuri handayani” means empowering form behind.

It was proposed by Ki Hadjar Dewantara as an ideal concept for education in Indonesia. Ki Hadjar Dewantara aspire that a good education system leads people fulfill both the spiritual and intellectual aspects. In addition, he stated that the aim of education is self-control because when a person can control his/herself, then she/he knows how to behave. In other words, besides technical skills, teachers should have a good personality, spirit and mentality.

He also emphasized that teachers should be an education facilitator and a figure. “Tut wuri handayani” had been demonstrated by Ki Hadjar Dewantara in his well-known institute, “Taman Siswa,” before eventually became our main education ideology. Thus, the ministry of education decided to use it as one of the elements of their logo.

There is an academic article described that “Tut wuri handayani” is implemented in among teaching system. It consists of three elements, e.g., ‘asih,’ ‘asah,’ and ‘asuh,’ which cover all Ki Hadjar Dewantara’s education concept. Naturally, this system lets the students exploring and learning their interest subject while the teachers act as a supporter/advisor. We can take the process of writing a thesis as a suitable example.

In order to write an academic paper we need to do a research, such as laboratory research, a survey or literature research. After that, we need to analyze the results. Furthermore, we certainly will discuss it with our academic supervisor, especially when we are dealing with some difficulties. The research and analyzing process illustrate the term of exploring and learning, while consulting illustrates the teacher’s supports.

 

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Tuesday, May 2, 2017.

#EngKnowledge: Written Laughter from All Around the World

Nowadays, we do online interaction as much as offline. Tech innovators and providers always try their best to come up with the freshest ideas and inventions to make our online interaction just as lively as the offline one.

The introduction of emoji in early 1990s undoubtedly forever changed our way of exchanging messages online. With a single icon, we can describe exactly what we feel or how we react to something our friends said. For example, we use the emoji ‘face with tears of joy’ to react to something so funny that got us laughing in tears.

 

Face with tears of joy

‘Face with tears of joy’ emojis (Source: Wikipedia)

 

However, there are also those, like me, who prefer to type our laughter instead. For this purpose, we usually type LOL (Laughing Out Loud), LMAO (Laughing My A** Off), or simply hahahahahahaha.

‘Hahahahahahahahaha’ is considered as the most basic written laughter that everybody from anywhere can understand. Now, here are some that are not that simple.

 

Italy – Ah ah ah ah ah
Italian seem to think ‘ah ah ah ah ah’ as the phonetic way of writing laughter.

Chinese (Mandarin): 哈哈 or 呵呵
Laughter is written 笑声 and pronounced xiào shēng, but Mandarin native speaker also relies on onomatopoeia for laughter: 哈哈, pronounced hā hā, and 呵呵, pronounced he he. Similarly, xixi, 嘻嘻, suggests giggling and is usually used when somebody is trying to be cute.

Japanese: www
Not to be confused with World Wide Web, www in Japanese laughter came from Kanji character 笑 for ‘laugh’ which is pronounced as warai. Warai was quickly shortened as ‘w’ in chatroom and internet forums. Nowadays, Japanese type ‘w’ to indicate laughter, or ‘wwwwwwwww’ if it’s something really funny.

Korean: kkkkk or kekekekeke
The written form kkkkk or kekekekeke comes from ㅋㅋㅋ, short for 크크크, or keu keu keu, the Korean equivalent of hahaha.

Thai: 55555
In Thai, the number 5 is pronounced ‘ha,’ so instead of saying ‘hahahahaha,’ Thai speakers will sometimes write ‘55555.’

Spanish: jajaja and Greek: xaxaxa
In Spanish, ‘j’ is pronounced like ‘h’ in English, therefore ‘jajaja’ is an analog to ‘hahaha.’ Same goes to ‘x’ in Greek, which is pronounced like ‘h’ in English.

Hebrew: חחח/ההה or khkhkhkhkhkhkhkhkh
The letter ‘ח’ is pronounced ‘kh.’ Some sources also render it as ‘xaxaxa.’

Brazilian Portuguese: huehuehue
This is Brazilian onomatopoeia for laughter.

Portuguese: rsrsrs, hashuashuashuashua, rá!, and kkkkk
‘Rsrsrs’ seems to me like somebody laughing through his teeth, while hashuashuashuashua seems more complicated as the position of letter h and u and s and a are in such distance on the keypad. Rá! sounds like Ha! and I think kkkkk is similar to Korean’s kkkkk.

French: hahaha, héhéhé, hihihi, hohoho, or MDR
French uses onomatopoeic laughter variations much like those in English, as well as the universal ‘LOL’ to indicate laugher. The French equivalent of LOL is MDR, which stands for ‘mort de rire’ or ‘dying of laughter.’

Indonesian: wkwkwkwkwkwkwk or wakakakakakaka
Also an onomatopoeia, this is how most Indonesian laugh online. We also use hahaha, LOL, xixixixi, hehehe, buakakakakakakak, or bahahahahhahahak.

 

Source:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emoji
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/12/55555-or-how-to-laugh-online-in-other-languages/266175/
https://www.buzzfeed.com/ahmedaliakbar/hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh?utm_term=.wePzexKR7y#.kjgM6VxPgO
http://metro.co.uk/2016/01/02/how-people-type-laughter-around-the-world-5596241/
https://voxy.com/blog/index.php/2012/04/laughter-internet-languages/

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 16 March 2017.

#EngKnowledge: English poems

Hi, fellas! Are you a fan of poems?

I love discussing and analysing poems together with my friends and also debating what the authors meant. Here we have compiled 6 poems which you might enjoy reading. You may share your thought about the poems and leave your comments on the comment box below.

1. Kid

Kid was nominated by UN as the best poem of 2006. It was written by an African child called Oglala Lakota.

When I born, I black
When I grow up, I black
When I go in Sun, I black
When I scared, I black
When I sick, I black
And when I die, I still black
And you white fellow
When you born, you pink
When you grow up, you white
When you go in sun, you red
When you cold, you blue
When you scared, you yellow
When you sick, you green
And when you die, you grey
And you calling me colored??

2. Oranges

This poem was written by Gary Soto. If you have a hard time wondering what these poems are talking about, this poem is not one of those. You need no background knowledge to understand this poem. This one is clear and cute.

The first time I walked
With a girl, I was twelve,
Cold, and weighted down
With two oranges in my jacket.
December. Frost cracking
Beneath my steps, my breath
Before me, then gone,
As I walked toward
Her house, the one whose
Porch light burned yellow
Night and day, in any weather.
A dog barked at me, until
She came out pulling
At her gloves, face bright
With rouge. I smiled,
Touched her shoulder, and led
Her down the street, across
A used car lot and a line
Of newly planted trees,
Until we were breathing
Before a drugstore. We
Entered, the tiny bell
Bringing a saleslady
Down a narrow aisle of goods.
I turned to the candies
Tiered like bleachers,
And asked what she wanted –
Light in her eyes, a smile
Starting at the corners
Of her mouth. I fingered
A nickle in my pocket,
And when she lifted a chocolate
That cost a dime,
I didn’t say anything.
I took the nickle from
My pocket, then an orange,
And set them quietly on
The counter. When I looked up,
The lady’s eyes met mine,
And held them, knowing
Very well what it was all
About.

Outside,
A few cars hissing past,
Fog hanging like old
Coats between the trees.
I took my girl’s hand
In mine for two blocks,
Then released it to let
Her unwrap the chocolate.
I peeled my orange
That was so bright against
The gray of December
That, from some distance,
Someone might have thought
I was making a fire in my hands.

3. I, Too, Sing America

This poem was written by Langston Hughes. This poem talks about hope for black Americans.

I, too, sing America.

I am the darker brother.
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes,
But I laugh,
And eat well,
And grow strong.

Tomorrow,
I’ll be at the table
When company comes.
Nobody’ll dare
Say to me,
“Eat in the kitchen,”
Then.

Besides,
They’ll see how beautiful I am
And be ashamed—

I, too, am America.

4. The Man He Killed

This poem was written by Thomas Hardy. This poem has a unique shape.

Had he and I but met
By some old ancient inn,
We should have sat us down to wet
Right many a nipperkin!

But ranged as infantry,
And staring face to face,
I shot at him as he at me,
And killed him in his place.

I shot him dead because —
Because he was my foe,
Just so: my foe of course he was;
That’s clear enough; although

He thought he’d ‘list, perhaps,
Off-hand like — just as I —
Was out of work — had sold his traps —
No other reason why.

Yes; quaint and curious war is!
You shoot a fellow down
You’d treat if met where any bar is,
Or help to half-a-crown.

5. I Stop Writing the Poem

This poem was written by Tess Gallagher.

to fold the clothes. No matter who lives
or who dies, I’m still a woman.
I’ll always have plenty to do.
I bring the arms of his shirt
together. Nothing can stop
our tenderness. I’ll get back
to the poem. I’ll get back to being
a woman. But for now
there’s a shirt, a giant shirt
in my hands, and somewhere a small girl
standing next to her mother
watching to see how it’s done.

6. The Send-Off

This poem was written by Wilfred Owen.

Down the close, darkening lanes they sang their way
To the siding-shed,
And lined the train with faces grimly gay.

Their breasts were stuck all white with wreath and spray
As men’s are, dead.

Dull porters watched them, and a casual tramp
Stood staring hard,
Sorry to miss them from the upland camp.
Then, unmoved, signals nodded, and a lamp
Winked to the guard.

So secretly, like wrongs hushed-up, they went.
They were not ours:
We never heard to which front these were sent.

Nor there if they yet mock what women meant
Who gave them flowers.

Shall they return to beatings of great bells
In wild trainloads?
A few, a few, too few for drums and yells,
May creep back, silent, to still village wells
Up half-known roads.

source: poetryfoundation.org

Compiled and written by @kusumawicitraa for @Englishtips4U on Friday, March 10, 2017

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#EngTips: IELTS vs. TOEFL (2)

If we are not an English native speaker but we are planning to study or work abroad, in some stage of the application, we will need to also attach our IELTS or TOEFL score to our application. Both tests aim to assess our English proficiency and make sure that we are able to communicate well in English.

What are IELTS and TOEFL?

International English Language Test System (IELTS) is an English language test that is used for educational, immigration and occupational purposes, and is accepted by over 9,000 institutions across 130 countries worldwide. Jointly administered by the British Council, University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations and IDP Education Australia, IELTS uses British English, and is more likely to be favoured by UK and institutions in Commonwealth nations such as New Zealand and Australia. Depending on the entry requirements of the program, we might need to take either the Academic or General Training IELTS exam.

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) tests our ability to communicate in English in specifically academic, university and classroom-based settings. It is accepted by over 8,500 institutions across 130 countries, including the UK, USA and Australia, as well as all of the world’s top 100 universities. TOEFL is administered by US-based organization, the Education Testing Service, and so is conducted in American English. This test is more likely to be favoured by American institutions.

Similarities between IELTS and TOEFL

Both test our four main language skills: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. IELTSn Indonesia is similar to other countries, and so is TOEFL, that is why the scoring system is consistent all over the world.

Both tests also cost within the same price range, USD 150 – USD 250 per test per person.

Differences between IELTS and TOEFL

1. Scoring system

IELTS band score ranges from 1 to 9. The score report is valid for two years. We will generally aim to 6.5 to 7 to be considered as a ‘competent’ to ‘good’ user of English language.

TOEFL scores come in two versions. TOEFL Internet Based Test (TOEFL iBT) is more progressive, but test administration in some countries still uses the Paper Based Test (PBT). iBT score ranges from 0 to 120, while PBT ranges from 310 to 677.

The following spreadsheet shows the link between IELTS and TOEFL iBT score.

IELTS & TOEFL scoring system

2. Reading module

The IELTS test has a wide range of question types, while TOEFL test is multiple choices only. IELTS reading test lasts 60 minutes. Reading in TOEFL takes approximately 60 to 80 minutes.

3. Listening module

The IELTS listening test is 30 minutes, while TOEFL is 60 minutes. IELTS has a range of different questions including sentence completion, matching headings, and True, False or Not Given. The TOEFL test is multiple choices only.

We will also hear a range of different accents from English speaking countries such as Ireland, Wales, Scotland, the USA, Canada and Australia on the IELTS test whereas the TOEFL test will always be standard American English.

4. Speaking module

IELTS speaking test consists of 3 sections and its total duration is 15 minutes. In the test, we will have a face-to-face conversation with native English speaker.

In TOEFL speaking test, based on more recently used iBT, we will be talking to the computer. For those who don’t really have time to conduct IELTS, because it’s usually conducted during office hours, taking TOEFL iBT might be more suitable. The test will last for 20 minutes.

5. Writing module

IELTS has two different types of writing test: writing for Academic Training and General Training. Academic is suitable for those hoping to attend university, while General Training is mostly used for immigration purposes.

Both types have total duration 1 hour. In the Academic paper, we will be required to write a short essay based on a given graph, chart, map or cycle diagram. In the General Training paper, we will be asked to write a letter and a short essay on a particular topic.

TOEFL writing test consists of two tasks. The total duration is 50 minutes. In the first task, we need to read a text and then listen to a 2-minute lecture on the same topic. We must then write a short response to a specific question on that topic. The second task is a longer discursive essay on a particular issue, similar to a university style academic essay.

Which test to take?

Normally, the institutions we are applying to would specify which test to take. If they can accept either, the following table can be your consideration.

IELTS TOEFL
I like talking to people one-on-one. I prefer talking to a computer.
I like to write by hand. I am better at typing than handwriting.
I can understand a variety of English-speaking accents. I find American accents easy to listen to.
I find it difficult to concentrate for long periods of time. I can concentrate for long periods of time.
I prefer shorter tests. I can easily follow a lecture and take notes.
I prefer different types of questions. I like multiple choice questions.

Source:
Wikipedia
www.hotcoursesabroad.com
www.ieltsadvantage.com
 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, March 6, 2017

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#EngKnowledge: Valentine’s Day Celebration

Happy Valentine’s Day! May you always surrounded by people you love and who love you.

How do you usually celebrate Valentine’s Day? By sending greeting cards? Or giving a chocolate? Having a romantic dinner with your date? Those are common ways to celebrate Valentine’s Day in almost every country around the world, but there are some countries which still celebrate it with their tradition. Tonight I will share the way people traditionally celebrate the Valentine’s Day in their country.

The history said that once The Emperor of Roman, Claudius, was against the engagement and marriage in his kingdom. Then one day a priest named Valentine came and secretly helped the couple in the kingdom to marry. When the Emperor knew this, St. Valentine was tortured and prisoned until he died on 14th February 270. Valentine’s Day is originally the day of St. Valentine’s death celebration to honor him. It is also related to Pagan Festival in the era which to honor the goddess Februata Juno. According to the tradition there are tokens, which represent the name of young girls, will be placed in the love urn. The boys then draw the token and paired off the girl whose name written in the token he got.

The idea of the celebration then brought to United Kingdom. As time goes by, people change it by sending cards, flowers, and gifts to their loved ones. Traditionally the cards is sent anonymously to the one they secretly love.

We can find the similar tradition in Denmark and Norway. The boys will write a poem or love letter and send it to the girl he’s attracted to anonymously. The girl should guess whom the sender by the clue in the letter and if she guess it right, she will get an Easter Egg on Easter Day.

The Valentine’s Day tradition which similar to Pagan Festival can be found in South Africa. The women will pin the token, where their crush’s name written, on their sleeve. Another tradition is occur in Wales. Wales men will carve a symbolic ornament in a wood spoon, then give it to the woman he wants to marry.

In Japan and Korea, traditionally women give the chocolate to the man as the sign of affection or love. And then the next month, on the same date, the man will give the women chocolate in return. Special in Japan, there are two types of Chocolate. Giri-choco (obligation chocolate) which is given to friends, work collegues, etc as long as romance is not involved; and Honmei-choco which will be given to the lover, husband, or boyfriend.

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Tuesday, February 14, 2017.

#EngKnowledge: Seven honorary knights of British empire

This article will talk about the seven honorary knights of British empire. Sir Ian McKellen, Sir Patrick Stewart, Sir Alex Ferguson are all British so you won’t find their names in this list. Let’s just get to the list now, shall we?

  1. Bill and Melinda Gates. Yes, because of Microsoft and their notable charity work. Bill was knighted as Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of British Empire in 2005.

    bill_melinda_gates
    (Source: CNN Turk)
  2. John Edgar Hoover. The first FBI director. Hoover was knighted as Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of British Empire in 1950.

    john-edgar-hoover
    (Source: memoriambook.com)
  3. Angelina Jolie. Not because of her acting, but because she was involved in preventing sexual violence. Jolie received the title Dame Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George in 2014.
    angelina-jolie
    (Source: celebsbios.com)

     

  4. Bono from U2. His concern to end hunger in Africa made him anointed as a knight in British Order. Bono was knighted as Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of British Empire in 2007.

    bono
    (Source: Annie Liebovitz)
  5. Steven Spielberg, because he was able to double the cinema admission in UK since 1980s. Spielberg earned the title Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of British Empire in 2001.
    steven-spielberg-04.jpg
    Best Director nominee Steven Spielberg arrives on the red carpet for the 85th Annual Academy Awards on February 24, 2013 in Hollywood, California. AFP PHOTO/FREDERIC J. BROWN (Photo credit should read FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images) (source:emaze.com)

     

  6. Mother Teresa, because of her charitable and missionary works in India. Mother Teresa was granted a membership of Order of Merits in 1983, an exclusive order that has limited members.

    mother-teresa
    (Source: anguerde.com)
  7. Benito Mussolini attained the title years prior to World War II. Of course, it was annulled several years later. Mussolini was knighted as Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of The Bath in 1923 and annulled in 1940.

    benito-mussolini
    (Source: adsa.ro)
  8. Here’s a bonus! The late President Soeharto was also given honorary knighthood in 1974. He earned the title Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.

    suharto2
    (Source: brainly.co.id)

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, February 5, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: Ebola

This time, I want to share something which might be a hard topic to talk about. I bet you have heard of Ebola.

It’s the name of a very fatal virus. Do you know that Ebola was originally the name of a river in Republic of Congo? The first outbreak of Ebola virus was in South Sudan and Republic of Congo in 1976; and because the spreading area in Republic of Congo was near Ebola river, so the river’s name was adopted to name the virus itself.

It was said that bats were the original host of the virus, but apparently it was also infectious to human. Just like us, when we found a place with friendly environment and delicious food, we would start to feel comfortable; and if possible, we would want to get a job and start a new life there. But virus doesn’t recognize the concept of ‘possibility.’ If they’re comfortable with a new environment and there are resources to support their life, they would live, settle and reproduce.

The disease is known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever because it could cause internal & external bleeding of the human body. I would say that this is a terrible disease because you could get infected through direct contact with the body fluid, namely sweat, blood, and saliva. A huge number of people died because of Ebola.

Having said all those above, I have a good news to share. At the end of 2016, an effective vaccine to fight was finally found. Have you heard of the news? More than 5000 people in Guinea were vaccinated and, after 10 days, there was no development of Ebola in any cases. This is such a fresh air for the medical sector, mainly in Ebola groundwork. One of the best findings of all time. After years of ups and downs, they finally made a great finding.

 

Compiled and written by @mettaa_  for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, January 2, 2017

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#EngKnowledge: International Phonetic Alphabet

Hi fellas, how was your weekend?

Today we will talk about international phonetic alphabet.

Some people forget how to spell the alphabet when they got asked to.

There are many lists of phonetic alphabet, from NATO & international aviation, british forces 1952, RAF 1942-43, Telecom B, British A or international, NY police, French, German, Italian, Spanish.

The widely used one is the phonetic alphabet by NATO.

The 26 code words in the NATO phonetic alphabet are assigned to the 26 letters of the English alphabet in alphabetical order as follows:

A – Alpha

B – Bravo

C – Charlie

D – Delta

E – Echo

F – Foxtrot

G – Golf

H – Hotel

I – India

J – Juliett

K – Kilo

L – Lima

M – Mike

N – November

O – Oscar

P – Papa

Q – Quebec

R – Romeo

S – Sierra

T – Tango

U – Uniform

V – Victor

W – Whiskey

X – Xray

Y – Yankee

Z – Zulu

Can you spell your full name fellas?

That’s all for today fellas, have a nice rest. See you next sunday.
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 23, 2016.

#EngKnowledge: History of ampersand

Yes, the symbol “&” is called ampersand. In this post, we will talk about its origin and history.

The ampersand (&) is used by Old Roman since more than 1,500 years ago. In the 1st century, Roman wrote in cursive, so when they wrote the Latin word “et” which means “and” they connect the e and t.

The ampersand symbol keeps evolving until the form of the symbol that is used today.

ctsbgl6vmaafj9r

The name “ampersand” is rarely used until the 19th century, from “and per se and”.

In 1800s, the symbol ampersand (&) was actually part of the English alphabet. Since it would have been confusing to say “X, Y, Z, and.” So, people called the symbol “&”, “and per se and.”

The word “per se” means “by itself.”, so ”and per se and” means “and [the symbol] by itself is and.” Over time, “and per se and” was slurred together into the word we use today: ampersand.

 

Source: What Character Was Removed from the Alphabet?

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4u on Saturday, October 1, 2016

 

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#EngKnowledge: Eid al-Adha around the World

Evening, fellas! How are you?

Today is the celebration of Eid al-Adha. Eid Mubarak to our Moslem fellas all over the world.

Happy Eid.jpg

 

It’s good to hear that you had a good day. Tonight, we’re going to share how Eid al-Adha is celebrated around the world. #EngKnowledge

In Indonesia, the Eid prayer in the morning is followed by sharing meats from the sacrifice to the less fortunate. In some neighborhood, we even gather to cook the meat and have a feast later on that day. #EngKnowledge

Our friends in China might see a celebration that lasts up to four days. Apart from exchanging food and gifts, people also gather to recite the Quran. #EngKnowledge

In Pakistan, nearly ten million animals are sacrificed during the Eid al-Adha. These animals get special treatment: they’re bathed and prettified with flower garlands before the sacrifice begins. #EngKnowledge

Eid al-Adha can be considered as the biggest holiday in Saudi Arabia. Slightly different with other countries, animals commonly sacrificed here are camels. #EngKnowledge

The length of public holidays in Bangladesh in regards of Eid al-Adha is usually six days. Turkey, Qatar, the UAE, Oman, and Kuwait normally have nine-day holiday, while Saudi Arabia has twelve days. #EngKnowledge

In some European countries, we need to see that the animal killing is done in a humane way. Some countries are also strict about the slaughtering not to be done in public areas. #EngKnowledge

If you have different tradition or customs on celebrating Eid al-Adha in your place, share with us, fellas!

At the end of the day, Eid al-Adha teaches us about the importance of sharing and selflessness. May you have a blessed holiday.

Check http://www.englishtips4u.com  for other interesting English materials. Thank you for being with me. Good night, fellas! Bye!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 12 September, 2016.

#EngKnowledge: King’s Day in Netherlands

April 27th, 2016 was the annual King’s Day celebration in the Netherlands!

image

King Willem Alexander was born on 27 April so the King’s Day is celebrated on that date.

image

Originally, Princess’ Day was celebrated in Holland on Wilhelmina’s birthday (31 August).

image

When Wilhelmina became the new queen after her father’s death, it was changed to Queen’s Day.

image

Juliana, the next queen, celebrated Queen’s Day on 30 April with a parade on Soestdijk.

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Beatrix also celebrated Queen’s Day on 30 April (her own birthday is in January).

On King’s Day people wear orange clothes, often even donning orange wigs or make-up.

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On King’s Day, people are allowed to sell things on the street without a permit.

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In several towns & cities, the King’s Day celebrations begin on the evening before the day.

On King’s Day, thousands of brightly decorated boats pack the narrow Amsterdam canals.

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That’s it for today’s #EngKnowledge about King’s Day 2016 in The Netherlands. See you again tomorrow!

 

Compiled for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, April 27, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: International Women’s Day (2)

Hi, fellas! Today is a national holiday to celebrate Hindu’s day of silence. Besides, we also experienced solar eclipse. Some people witnessed total solar eclipse, some saw it was partial eclipse. Did you see it?

Yesterday, 8 March 2016, the world commemorated one of international events, too. Do you know what it was? Yes! The world commemorated International Women’s Day.

International Women’s Day is a global day celebrating the achievements of women, and today, I will share the historical journey of International Women’s Day.

  • 1908: 15,000 women marched through New York City demanding shorter hours, better pay and voting rights.
  • 1909: The first National Woman’s Day (NWD) was observed across the United States on 28 February.
  • 1910: A second International Conference of Working Women was held in Copenhagen. A woman named Clara Zetkin (Germany) tabled the idea of an International Women’s Day there.
  • 1911: International Women’s Day was honoured the first time in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland on 19 March.
  • 1913: Following discussions, International Women’s Day was transferred to 8 March.
  • 1975: International Women’s Day was celebrated for the first time by the United Nations.
  • 1996: The UN commenced the adoption of an annual theme which was “Celebrating the past, Planning for the Future”.
  • 2000: International Women’s Day activity around the world had stalled in many countries.
  • 2011: The 100 year centenary of International Women’s Day-with the 1st IWD event held exactly 100 years ago in 1911.
  • 2016 and beyond: Great improvements have been made although there are still unfortunate facts involving women.

The campaign theme for International Women’s Day was #PledgeForParity. Find out more here: https://t.co/Mr6syzr5Mo

That’s our session about International Women’s Day. Don’t forget to check our website for more things about English. See you tomorrow! :)

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 9 March, 2016


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#EngKnowledge: Grammy awards

February is one of my favorite months of the year, because it is the awards season! Do you like it too? It is also because Grammy Awards are distributed in February. Let’s talk about that particular awards!

The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959 and originally, the award was called Gramophone Award. It was to honor the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958.

Grammy Awards has grown over the span of 52 years. In 1959, they honored 22 awards and presented 109 awards in 2010. Winning one of the Big Four Grammy Award categories is considered to be the most prestigious. The Big Four categories are the only awards not restricted to any genre in specific. They’re “Album of the Year,” “Record of the Year,” “Song of the Year,” and “Best New Artist.”

In 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012. The number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. Georg Solti holds the record for the most Grammy Awards won in any genre with 31 awards. However, Alison Krauss holds the distinction as the female artist with the most Grammys, and the most awards in the Country Field.

In addition, Stevie Wonder is the only artist in Grammy history to win five or more awards on three separate nights. Beyonce holds the second most wins by a female artist and is tied with Adele at six for most Grammy wins in 1 night by a female.

Congratulations to all musicians receiving The Grammys this year! Too bad that our very own Joey Alexander didn’t win.

 

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U  for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, February 17, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: Benefits of fasting

This time, we’ll talk about the benefits of fasting. Let’s start!

1. Fasting helps weight loss

Fasting can be a safe way to lose weight as many studies have shown that intermittent fasting – fasting that is controlled within a set number of hours – allows the body to burn through fat cells more effectively than just regular dieting. Intermittent fasting allows the body to use fat as it’s primary source of energy instead of sugar.

2. Fasting speeds up the metabolism

Intermittent fasting gives your digestive system a rest, and this can energize your metabolism to burn through calories more efficiently. If your digestion is poor, this can affect your ability to metabolize food and burn fat. Intermittent fasts can regulate your digestion and promote healthy bowel function, thus improving your metabolic function.

3. Fasting prevents obesity

Fasting helps to regulate the hormones in your body so that you experience what true hunger is. We know that obese individuals do not receive the correct signals to let them know they are full due excessive eating patterns. Think of fasting as a reset button: the longer you fast, the more your body can regulate itself to release the correct hormones, so that you can experience what real hunger is. Not to mention, when your hormones are working correctly, you get full quicker.

4. Fasting improves your eating patterns

Fasting can be a helpful practice for those who suffer with binge eating disorders, and for those who find it difficult to establish a correct eating pattern due to work and other priorities.

With intermittent fasting going all afternoon without a meal is okay and it can allow you to eat at a set time that fits your lifestyle. Also, for anyone who wants to prevent binge eating, you can establish a set time in where you allow yourself to eat your daily amount of calories in one sitting, and then not eat till the following day.

5. Fasting improves your brain function

Fasting has shown to improve brain function, because it boosts the production of a protein called brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF.)

BDNF activates brain stem cells to convert into new neurons, and triggers numerous other chemicals that promote neural health. This protein also protects your brain cells from changes associated with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.

6. Fasting improves your immune system

Intermittent fasting improves the immune system because it reduces free radical damage, regulates inflammatory conditions in the body and starves off cancer cell formation.

In nature, when animals get sick they stop eating and instead focus on resting. This is a primal instinct to reduce stress on their internal system so their body can fight off infection. We humans are the only species who look for food when we are ill, even when we do not need it.

7. Fasting helps clear the skin and prevent acne

Fasting can help clear the skin because with the body temporarily freed from digestion, it’s able to focus its regenerative energies on other systems.

Not eating anything for just one day has shown to help the body clean up the toxins and regulate the functioning of other organs of the body like liver, kidneys and other parts.

See? Fasting is really good for your body. You may not be aware but Islam is not the only religion that practices fasting. Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, Taoism, Jainism, and Hinduism also teach their believer to fast. So, no matter what your religion I suggest you fast every once in a while.

 

Compiled by @iismail21 for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 19 June, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: Spoilers (and why they’re disliked)

In this occassion, we’re going to talk about spoilers. I trust you’re familiar with the word. Now, is it just me who think that spoilers are annoying?

A spoiler is an element which threatens to give away important details concerning the turn of events in any fictional work. Normally, the details of the conclusion of a story’s plot, such as the climax or ending, are considered as spoilers.

Now, it’s understandable that after enjoying a thrilling movie, book, or TV series, we want to share the excitement. For example, you just saw the Batman vs. Superman and you wanted to share your enjoyment with fellow fans. At the same time, the more words spread about the movie could mean the bigger chance of more people want to see it. In that case, it should benefit the movie, no?

However, I think the most interesting part of enjoying a fictional work is getting surprised by the turn of events. That’s why, some people, including me, dislike spoilers. We just don’t want the surprise ruined.

How about you, fellas? Spoilers, liked or disliked?

“yes if it comes with too much details.” – @chisselicious

“yeah, me too.” – Rony Rahmatullah ‏@ronyyrahm

snap:ricardolsilva ‏@ricardorocky  18 Apr

“Here in Brazil there are magazines to inform spoiler what going to happen in soap opera. Maybe is cultural in some countries.” – snap:ricardolsilva ‏@ricardorocky

“Definitely no for spoilers. They ruin my wild imagination.” – rosita ‏@rosreads

“DISLIKED” – アイダ ‏@aifadafaa

“for some reason, I do need spoilers to share about it. Because there are a few of unexpected scenes that we can’t guess b4.” – Ahmad Ade Syabihis ‏@Ahmadade_

It’s a common knowledge in the internet that before posting something that might contain spoiler, we should begin with ‘Spoiler Alert’ or ‘Major Spoiler Alert’ or ‘Warning: Contains Heavy Spoiler’. This way, other internet users are given choices if they would like to continue reading the post or not.

However, it gets trickier when we are talking face to face. I normally start by asking, “Do you want me to spoil it or not?” If my friend says no, I shut it immediately.

“Hello friends, I’m agree with you, spoilers aren’t good to enjoy the history of tale, movie or something like that.” – Halejito Hescobar ‏@halejogars

” “Me too.” – diankape ‏@dekaryapa

 “Disliked. But for some people, they got some satisfaction because they feels like “I know much more than you”. Meh!” – Fauzi Soemantri ‏@Kido26

“Depend. I only accept spoilers when i ask them for it, if i didnt ask, so please dont tell me anything. :D.” – Nuniek Sudiningsih ‏@nuniek52

“I like when people spoil the major details :D it’s enticing to learn about the minor details after.” – Sarah Assegaf ‏@sarahshahnaz

“I hate it, it always ruins the fun!” – Yoza Anshori ‏@masyoza

All right, fellas! Let us conclude our #EngKnowledge discussion by realising that we all like teasers, just a little bit, to entice but not reveal too many details. When in doubt, I think it’s safe to say, “Go watch the movie/read the book.” Thank you for sharing your views on spoilers!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 18 April, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: Happy Birthday Real Madrid!

Hello, fellas! How was your day?

Today, March 6, 2016, marks the 114th year since the first Board of Directors of Madrid Football Club officially elected. So, happy birthday, @realmadriden! Tonight’s session will be dedicated to the club with most European titles in #EngKnowledge.

Madrid Football Club was the original name before King Alfonso XIII bestowed the word ‘Real’ (Spanish for Royal) and the royal crown in the emblem in 1920. Since then, they have been known as Real Madrid Club de Futbol. The club have two famous nicknames; Los Blancos (The Whites) and Los Merengues (The Meringues).

Their home ground is Santiago Bernabeu Stadium. The stadium was first opened in 14 December 1947. The current capacity of the stadium is 85.454 seats. For the first eight years (1947-1955), the stadium was named New Chamartin. On 4 January 1955, after the General Assembly of Members Compromisaros, it was decided that the stadium adopt its present name in honour of club President Santiago Bernabéu.

Some of Real Madrid legendary (ex)players are: Santiago Bernabeu, Ricardo Zamora, Alfredo Di Stefano, Ferenc Puskas, Bernd Schuster, Fernando Hierro, Raul Gonzales, Guti Hernandez, Roberto Carlos, Iker Casillas, Zinedine Zidane, and Ronaldo. Real Madrid are the record holder for the club with most European Cup/UEFA Champions League trophies. The have won the most precious competition 10 times (1956, ’57, ’58, ’59, ’60, ’66, ’98, 2000, 2002, and 2014).

That’s all for tonight, fellas. Once again, let me say happy birthday, @realmadriden. Thank you, fellas. Good night!

Compiled and written by @iismail21 for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 6 March, 2016.


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