Category Archives: knowledge

#EngKnowledge: International Phonetic Alphabet

Hi fellas, how was your weekend?

Today we will talk about international phonetic alphabet.

Some people forget how to spell the alphabet when they got asked to.

There are many lists of phonetic alphabet, from NATO & international aviation, british forces 1952, RAF 1942-43, Telecom B, British A or international, NY police, French, German, Italian, Spanish.

The widely used one is the phonetic alphabet by NATO.

The 26 code words in the NATO phonetic alphabet are assigned to the 26 letters of the English alphabet in alphabetical order as follows:

A – Alpha

B – Bravo

C – Charlie

D – Delta

E – Echo

F – Foxtrot

G – Golf

H – Hotel

I – India

J – Juliett

K – Kilo

L – Lima

M – Mike

N – November

O – Oscar

P – Papa

Q – Quebec

R – Romeo

S – Sierra

T – Tango

U – Uniform

V – Victor

W – Whiskey

X – Xray

Y – Yankee

Z – Zulu

Can you spell your full name fellas?

That’s all for today fellas, have a nice rest. See you next sunday.
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 23, 2016.

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#EngKnowledge: History of ampersand

Yes, the symbol “&” is called ampersand. In this post, we will talk about its origin and history.

The ampersand (&) is used by Old Roman since more than 1,500 years ago. In the 1st century, Roman wrote in cursive, so when they wrote the Latin word “et” which means “and” they connect the e and t.

The ampersand symbol keeps evolving until the form of the symbol that is used today.

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The name “ampersand” is rarely used until the 19th century, from “and per se and”.

In 1800s, the symbol ampersand (&) was actually part of the English alphabet. Since it would have been confusing to say “X, Y, Z, and.” So, people called the symbol “&”, “and per se and.”

The word “per se” means “by itself.”, so ”and per se and” means “and [the symbol] by itself is and.” Over time, “and per se and” was slurred together into the word we use today: ampersand.

 

Source: What Character Was Removed from the Alphabet?

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4u on Saturday, October 1, 2016

 

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#EngKnowledge: Eid al-Adha around the World

Evening, fellas! How are you?

Today is the celebration of Eid al-Adha. Eid Mubarak to our Moslem fellas all over the world.

Happy Eid.jpg

 

It’s good to hear that you had a good day. Tonight, we’re going to share how Eid al-Adha is celebrated around the world. #EngKnowledge

In Indonesia, the Eid prayer in the morning is followed by sharing meats from the sacrifice to the less fortunate. In some neighborhood, we even gather to cook the meat and have a feast later on that day. #EngKnowledge

Our friends in China might see a celebration that lasts up to four days. Apart from exchanging food and gifts, people also gather to recite the Quran. #EngKnowledge

In Pakistan, nearly ten million animals are sacrificed during the Eid al-Adha. These animals get special treatment: they’re bathed and prettified with flower garlands before the sacrifice begins. #EngKnowledge

Eid al-Adha can be considered as the biggest holiday in Saudi Arabia. Slightly different with other countries, animals commonly sacrificed here are camels. #EngKnowledge

The length of public holidays in Bangladesh in regards of Eid al-Adha is usually six days. Turkey, Qatar, the UAE, Oman, and Kuwait normally have nine-day holiday, while Saudi Arabia has twelve days. #EngKnowledge

In some European countries, we need to see that the animal killing is done in a humane way. Some countries are also strict about the slaughtering not to be done in public areas. #EngKnowledge

If you have different tradition or customs on celebrating Eid al-Adha in your place, share with us, fellas!

At the end of the day, Eid al-Adha teaches us about the importance of sharing and selflessness. May you have a blessed holiday.

Check http://www.englishtips4u.com  for other interesting English materials. Thank you for being with me. Good night, fellas! Bye!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 12 September, 2016.

#EngKnowledge: King’s Day in Netherlands

April 27th, 2016 was the annual King’s Day celebration in the Netherlands!

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King Willem Alexander was born on 27 April so the King’s Day is celebrated on that date.

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Originally, Princess’ Day was celebrated in Holland on Wilhelmina’s birthday (31 August).

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When Wilhelmina became the new queen after her father’s death, it was changed to Queen’s Day.

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Juliana, the next queen, celebrated Queen’s Day on 30 April with a parade on Soestdijk.

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Beatrix also celebrated Queen’s Day on 30 April (her own birthday is in January).

On King’s Day people wear orange clothes, often even donning orange wigs or make-up.

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On King’s Day, people are allowed to sell things on the street without a permit.

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In several towns & cities, the King’s Day celebrations begin on the evening before the day.

On King’s Day, thousands of brightly decorated boats pack the narrow Amsterdam canals.

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That’s it for today’s #EngKnowledge about King’s Day 2016 in The Netherlands. See you again tomorrow!

 

Compiled for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, April 27, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: International Women’s Day (2)

Hi, fellas! Today is a national holiday to celebrate Hindu’s day of silence. Besides, we also experienced solar eclipse. Some people witnessed total solar eclipse, some saw it was partial eclipse. Did you see it?

Yesterday, 8 March 2016, the world commemorated one of international events, too. Do you know what it was? Yes! The world commemorated International Women’s Day.

International Women’s Day is a global day celebrating the achievements of women, and today, I will share the historical journey of International Women’s Day.

  • 1908: 15,000 women marched through New York City demanding shorter hours, better pay and voting rights.
  • 1909: The first National Woman’s Day (NWD) was observed across the United States on 28 February.
  • 1910: A second International Conference of Working Women was held in Copenhagen. A woman named Clara Zetkin (Germany) tabled the idea of an International Women’s Day there.
  • 1911: International Women’s Day was honoured the first time in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland on 19 March.
  • 1913: Following discussions, International Women’s Day was transferred to 8 March.
  • 1975: International Women’s Day was celebrated for the first time by the United Nations.
  • 1996: The UN commenced the adoption of an annual theme which was “Celebrating the past, Planning for the Future”.
  • 2000: International Women’s Day activity around the world had stalled in many countries.
  • 2011: The 100 year centenary of International Women’s Day-with the 1st IWD event held exactly 100 years ago in 1911.
  • 2016 and beyond: Great improvements have been made although there are still unfortunate facts involving women.

The campaign theme for International Women’s Day was #PledgeForParity. Find out more here: https://t.co/Mr6syzr5Mo

That’s our session about International Women’s Day. Don’t forget to check our website for more things about English. See you tomorrow! :)

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 9 March, 2016


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#EngKnowledge: Grammy awards

February is one of my favorite months of the year, because it is the awards season! Do you like it too? It is also because Grammy Awards are distributed in February. Let’s talk about that particular awards!

The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959 and originally, the award was called Gramophone Award. It was to honor the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958.

Grammy Awards has grown over the span of 52 years. In 1959, they honored 22 awards and presented 109 awards in 2010. Winning one of the Big Four Grammy Award categories is considered to be the most prestigious. The Big Four categories are the only awards not restricted to any genre in specific. They’re “Album of the Year,” “Record of the Year,” “Song of the Year,” and “Best New Artist.”

In 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012. The number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. Georg Solti holds the record for the most Grammy Awards won in any genre with 31 awards. However, Alison Krauss holds the distinction as the female artist with the most Grammys, and the most awards in the Country Field.

In addition, Stevie Wonder is the only artist in Grammy history to win five or more awards on three separate nights. Beyonce holds the second most wins by a female artist and is tied with Adele at six for most Grammy wins in 1 night by a female.

Congratulations to all musicians receiving The Grammys this year! Too bad that our very own Joey Alexander didn’t win.

 

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U  for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, February 17, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: Benefits of fasting

This time, we’ll talk about the benefits of fasting. Let’s start!

1. Fasting helps weight loss

Fasting can be a safe way to lose weight as many studies have shown that intermittent fasting – fasting that is controlled within a set number of hours – allows the body to burn through fat cells more effectively than just regular dieting. Intermittent fasting allows the body to use fat as it’s primary source of energy instead of sugar.

2. Fasting speeds up the metabolism

Intermittent fasting gives your digestive system a rest, and this can energize your metabolism to burn through calories more efficiently. If your digestion is poor, this can affect your ability to metabolize food and burn fat. Intermittent fasts can regulate your digestion and promote healthy bowel function, thus improving your metabolic function.

3. Fasting prevents obesity

Fasting helps to regulate the hormones in your body so that you experience what true hunger is. We know that obese individuals do not receive the correct signals to let them know they are full due excessive eating patterns. Think of fasting as a reset button: the longer you fast, the more your body can regulate itself to release the correct hormones, so that you can experience what real hunger is. Not to mention, when your hormones are working correctly, you get full quicker.

4. Fasting improves your eating patterns

Fasting can be a helpful practice for those who suffer with binge eating disorders, and for those who find it difficult to establish a correct eating pattern due to work and other priorities.

With intermittent fasting going all afternoon without a meal is okay and it can allow you to eat at a set time that fits your lifestyle. Also, for anyone who wants to prevent binge eating, you can establish a set time in where you allow yourself to eat your daily amount of calories in one sitting, and then not eat till the following day.

5. Fasting improves your brain function

Fasting has shown to improve brain function, because it boosts the production of a protein called brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF.)

BDNF activates brain stem cells to convert into new neurons, and triggers numerous other chemicals that promote neural health. This protein also protects your brain cells from changes associated with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.

6. Fasting improves your immune system

Intermittent fasting improves the immune system because it reduces free radical damage, regulates inflammatory conditions in the body and starves off cancer cell formation.

In nature, when animals get sick they stop eating and instead focus on resting. This is a primal instinct to reduce stress on their internal system so their body can fight off infection. We humans are the only species who look for food when we are ill, even when we do not need it.

7. Fasting helps clear the skin and prevent acne

Fasting can help clear the skin because with the body temporarily freed from digestion, it’s able to focus its regenerative energies on other systems.

Not eating anything for just one day has shown to help the body clean up the toxins and regulate the functioning of other organs of the body like liver, kidneys and other parts.

See? Fasting is really good for your body. You may not be aware but Islam is not the only religion that practices fasting. Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, Taoism, Jainism, and Hinduism also teach their believer to fast. So, no matter what your religion I suggest you fast every once in a while.

 

Compiled by @iismail21 for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 19 June, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: Spoilers (and why they’re disliked)

In this occassion, we’re going to talk about spoilers. I trust you’re familiar with the word. Now, is it just me who think that spoilers are annoying?

A spoiler is an element which threatens to give away important details concerning the turn of events in any fictional work. Normally, the details of the conclusion of a story’s plot, such as the climax or ending, are considered as spoilers.

Now, it’s understandable that after enjoying a thrilling movie, book, or TV series, we want to share the excitement. For example, you just saw the Batman vs. Superman and you wanted to share your enjoyment with fellow fans. At the same time, the more words spread about the movie could mean the bigger chance of more people want to see it. In that case, it should benefit the movie, no?

However, I think the most interesting part of enjoying a fictional work is getting surprised by the turn of events. That’s why, some people, including me, dislike spoilers. We just don’t want the surprise ruined.

How about you, fellas? Spoilers, liked or disliked?

“yes if it comes with too much details.” – @chisselicious

“yeah, me too.” – Rony Rahmatullah ‏@ronyyrahm

snap:ricardolsilva ‏@ricardorocky  18 Apr

“Here in Brazil there are magazines to inform spoiler what going to happen in soap opera. Maybe is cultural in some countries.” – snap:ricardolsilva ‏@ricardorocky

“Definitely no for spoilers. They ruin my wild imagination.” – rosita ‏@rosreads

“DISLIKED” – アイダ ‏@aifadafaa

“for some reason, I do need spoilers to share about it. Because there are a few of unexpected scenes that we can’t guess b4.” – Ahmad Ade Syabihis ‏@Ahmadade_

It’s a common knowledge in the internet that before posting something that might contain spoiler, we should begin with ‘Spoiler Alert’ or ‘Major Spoiler Alert’ or ‘Warning: Contains Heavy Spoiler’. This way, other internet users are given choices if they would like to continue reading the post or not.

However, it gets trickier when we are talking face to face. I normally start by asking, “Do you want me to spoil it or not?” If my friend says no, I shut it immediately.

“Hello friends, I’m agree with you, spoilers aren’t good to enjoy the history of tale, movie or something like that.” – Halejito Hescobar ‏@halejogars

” “Me too.” – diankape ‏@dekaryapa

 “Disliked. But for some people, they got some satisfaction because they feels like “I know much more than you”. Meh!” – Fauzi Soemantri ‏@Kido26

“Depend. I only accept spoilers when i ask them for it, if i didnt ask, so please dont tell me anything. :D.” – Nuniek Sudiningsih ‏@nuniek52

“I like when people spoil the major details :D it’s enticing to learn about the minor details after.” – Sarah Assegaf ‏@sarahshahnaz

“I hate it, it always ruins the fun!” – Yoza Anshori ‏@masyoza

All right, fellas! Let us conclude our #EngKnowledge discussion by realising that we all like teasers, just a little bit, to entice but not reveal too many details. When in doubt, I think it’s safe to say, “Go watch the movie/read the book.” Thank you for sharing your views on spoilers!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 18 April, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: Happy Birthday Real Madrid!

Hello, fellas! How was your day?

Today, March 6, 2016, marks the 114th year since the first Board of Directors of Madrid Football Club officially elected. So, happy birthday, @realmadriden! Tonight’s session will be dedicated to the club with most European titles in #EngKnowledge.

Madrid Football Club was the original name before King Alfonso XIII bestowed the word ‘Real’ (Spanish for Royal) and the royal crown in the emblem in 1920. Since then, they have been known as Real Madrid Club de Futbol. The club have two famous nicknames; Los Blancos (The Whites) and Los Merengues (The Meringues).

Their home ground is Santiago Bernabeu Stadium. The stadium was first opened in 14 December 1947. The current capacity of the stadium is 85.454 seats. For the first eight years (1947-1955), the stadium was named New Chamartin. On 4 January 1955, after the General Assembly of Members Compromisaros, it was decided that the stadium adopt its present name in honour of club President Santiago Bernabéu.

Some of Real Madrid legendary (ex)players are: Santiago Bernabeu, Ricardo Zamora, Alfredo Di Stefano, Ferenc Puskas, Bernd Schuster, Fernando Hierro, Raul Gonzales, Guti Hernandez, Roberto Carlos, Iker Casillas, Zinedine Zidane, and Ronaldo. Real Madrid are the record holder for the club with most European Cup/UEFA Champions League trophies. The have won the most precious competition 10 times (1956, ’57, ’58, ’59, ’60, ’66, ’98, 2000, 2002, and 2014).

That’s all for tonight, fellas. Once again, let me say happy birthday, @realmadriden. Thank you, fellas. Good night!

Compiled and written by @iismail21 for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 6 March, 2016.


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#EngKnowledge: Adele and her songs

Adele-2015-close-up-XL_Columbia-billboard-650.jpg

Adele just hit the world (again) with her tenth song in her newest album, 25. Do you know the song yet? Yes, correct. It’s all I ask.

I was literally having my eyes teary when I watched her great performance on Ellen. I just can’t get it enough to think how she could (and some other co-writers, including Bruno Mars) write such an emotional song. What about you? A penny for your thought on ‘All I Ask” by Adele.

Besides having ethereal voice, there are some facts about her that we have successfully gathered for you.

  1. Adele has won Grammy Awards 10 times.
  2. She is one of the most talented British artists who was appointed as a member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (MBE).
  3. Adele was assessed as one of the most powerful women in the United Kingdom by BBC Radio 4.
  4. Adele started to climb her ladder of fame after a friend of her posted her demo on MySpace.
  5. She is the first woman in the history of the Billboard Hot 100 to have three simultaneous top 10 singles as a lead artist
  6. She began singing at age four.
  7. She started to write and compose in 2004, when she was 16.
  8. Born in Tottenham, north London, and raised in West Norwood, south London, Adele has a working class cockney accent that has only leavened slightly over the years.
  9. Sam Dixon, Adele’s bassist, said that many of her songs are based on true events and people. No wonder that every of her performances is always moving and teary.
  10. “Someone Like You” and “Rolling In The Deep are the songs she wrote after she broke up with a guy. Surprisingly, many of her friends were happy for the separation as they dubbed Adele acting different when she was around him.

Those are Adele’s facts that we have successfully gathered for you. Hope you enjoy that. :)

 

Compiled and written by @englishtips4u at @englishtips4u on Thursday, February 25, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: Saint Valentine

Do you celebrate Valentine’s Day? Do you know the history behind the celebration? We’ll talk about it in this session.

Basically, Valentine’s Day is a commemoration of the death of St. Valentine. I gathered that there were two people with the name of ‘St. Valentine’ who died on February 14. Hence, there is a confusion about which Valentine it is that we commemorate. The first Saint Valentine was a Roman priest. The second was a bishop of Terni.

Not only the person, but the reason of death of St. Valentine is also confusing. A story says that he died after defying Emperor Claudius II who forbade his soldiers to marry. St. Valentine did not obey his king’s order and held some marriages in secret. The Emperor found out and St. Valentine was sent to jail. There, he fell in love with the daughter of a warden. Before the execution, he sent a letter to her with a closing remark “from your valentine.”

Another story says that St. Valentine cured a blind girl so that she could see again. The girl then fell in love with St. Valentine. Both stories came from Emperor Claudius II era (268-270) and ends with the death of St. Valentine on February 14.

 

Compiled and written by @iismail21 for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, February 14, 2016

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#EngKnowledge: 7 Facts of Buckingham Palace

In this instance, we are going to find out more about Buckingham Palace. We have compiled 7 interesting facts about Buckingham Palace just for you.

Buckingham Palace, London, UK
BXEK9B Buckingham Palace, London, UK (source: dailymail.co.uk)
  1. John Sheffield, 3rd Earl of Mulgrave and Marquess of Normanby, was created by Duke of Buckingham in 1703. He built Buckingham House for himself as a grand London home.
  2. Buckingham Palace is a symbol of love from a king to his beloved queen. George III bought Buckingham House in 1761 for his wife Queen Charlotte to be used as a comfortable family home. And 14 of 15 children of George III were born here.
  3. John Nash (a super talented architect of England) was put by George IV to enlarge the palace into the imposing U-shaped building.
  4. Buckingham Palace has 775 rooms. These include 19 State rooms, 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms.
  5. There are 1,514 doors and 760 windows in Buckingham Palace. All windows are cleaned every six weeks to keep them clean.
  6. On the site, King James I used to plant mulberries to rear silkworms. Unfortunately, the king chose the wrong kind of mulberry. So the silk production never took off in Britain.
  7. Buckingham Palace houses largest collections of clocks and watches in the world. In total, it is home for 350 exceptional clocks and watches.

 

Compiled and written by @wisznu at @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, January 28, 2016

 

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#EngKnowledge: Dress codes

We meet again here to discuss ‘dress code.’ The term usually surfaces when you are about to attend an event, visit places of worship, have a job interview, etc.

While the terminology can vary from Brazilian Carnival, where everyone wears vibrant colours and looks like they’re about to join a parade, to The Great Gatsby, where we time-travel to USA in early 20s. Here are some dress codes that are commonly used.

1. Casual is the most comfortable clothing.

Example:

  • T-shirt
  • Jeans
  • Sneakers
  • Crop-top, etc.

2. Business casual is something many people wear to work every day. Replace jeans with dress pants or skirt, sneakers with loafers or heels, and T-shirt with collared shirt or polo shirt, and there you have it.

3. Smart casual is a combination of casual, business, and stylish outfit. Think of something that makes you look smart, sharp, and trendy. For examples for smart casual outfits, you can see the picture below.

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(Source:businessinsider.com.au)

4. Business/informal. Contrary to its name, this dress code calls for something more sophisticated than smart casual: suit, tie, business-style dress, and ‘business’ colors (black, navy blue, gray, or brown).

5. Semi-formal is something fancier than business/informal and just below formal or black tie. Dark suit and long tie and oxford for gentlemen or little black dress or any other classy short dresses for ladies. The recommended length for the dresses is no shorter than one inch (2.54 cm) above the knee.

6. Formal/black tie. Black tie optional means floor-length gowns, fancy jewelries, tuxedos, vest, bow-ties, and also elegant hairdo. Notice that this dress code does not necessarily limit you to black tie or the color black. Silver suit with matching bow-tie is an elegant choice, too.

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(Source: shesaidyes.co.nz)

 

Compiled and written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 18 January, 2016

 

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#EngKnowledge: New Year’s Resolutions

Good evening, fellas! We’re on the verge of a new year. One thing that people usually do before the New Year is… making resolutions!

Do you make resolutions, fellas? (by the time the session ended, from 107 votes, only 37% said they made NY’s resolutions).

To welcome 2016, tonight we’ll talk about New Year’s resolutions. Please share your resolutions, I’ll RT later.

A CBS News poll in 2013 found that 68 percent of Americans don’t make New Year’s resolutions. People under the age of 30 were more likely than older folks to make resolutions, but only about half of resolution-makers keep their promises.

If you think New Year’s resolutions are just some traditions made by people in 20th century, you are wrong. It is believed that the Babylonians were the first to make New Year’s resolutions around 4,000 years ago. New Year didn’t start on Jan 1st at that time but in mid-March. March was a logical time period for the New Year because spring begins and crops are planted. The ancient Babylonians made promises to their gods that they would return borrowed objects and pay their debts.

The practice carried over into Roman times with worshippers offering resolutions of good conduct to the Janus.

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Janus, the god of beginnings and endings.

Today, the only thing that has changed (for some) is that, rather than making promises to gods, we make promises to ourselves.

A professor of psychology at DePaul University in Chicago said that you ought to share your resolutions to others. Because when you keep your resolutions a secret, no one is goig to check up on you. So, tell us your resolutions!

cracking engineering services exam, learning French, Arabic and Spanish languages and achieving good body language etc etc.

graduate, meet the right guy and make parents happy and proud to meeew! hahaha

be better and not wasting time and money anymore:’D

these are my resolutions : being graduated from college, could realize my business plan , helping more people

Source:
http://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends-news-general/ancient-history-new-year-s-resolutions-001185
http://people.howstuffworks.com/culture-traditions/holidays-other/why-make-new-years-resolutions1.htm

Compiled by @FaridArdian for @EnglishTips4U on Dec, 30, 2015.

#EngKnowledge: Jane Austen

Jane Austen

Good evening, fellas! How was your day today? Mine went pretty well!

I have seen a lot of posts about people’s fave authors lately. Who’s your fave author, fellas?

One of my favorites is Jane Austen. Do you know her? Jane is known for a lot of works like Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Emma, and a lot more. Have you ever read any of her novels?

Well, today is actually her birthday. She was born on December 16, 1775 in Hampshire, England. That’s why tonight’s #EngKnowledge is about Jane Austen. If you know things about her, feel free to share.

Jane was a Gregorian era author, best known for her social commentary in novels including Sense dan Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, and Emma. Those are some of her most popular works.

While Jane was young, she and her siblings were encouraged to read from their father’s library. Ever fascinated by the world of stories, Jane began to write in bound notebooks.

In the 1790s, she started to craft her own novels and wrote Love and Freindship, a parody of romantic fiction organized as a series of love letters. Her early adulthood was spent by helping run the family home, playing piano, attending, church, and socializing with neighbours.

She loved to read out novels to her family, occasionally one she had written herself. She continued to write and with more ambitious works such as Lady Susan,  Elinor and Marianne which would eventually be published as Sense and Sensibility. She also began drafts of First Impressions, which would later be published as Pride and Prejudice.

In 1801, Jane moved to Bath with her parents and her sister, Cassandra. In 1805, her father died after a short illness. In her 30s, Jane started to anonymously publish her works. #JaneAusten #EngKnowledge

In 1816, at the age of 41, Jane stared to become ill with what some say might have been Addison’s disease. Jane’s condition deteriorated to such a degree that she ceased writing. She died on July 18, 1817, in Winchester, Hampshire, England.

Today, Austen is considered one of the greatest writers in English history, both by academics and the general public. In 2002, the British public voted her No. 70 on a list of “100 Most Famous Britons of All Time”.

The popularity of her work is also evident in the many film and TV adaptations of Emma, Mansfield Park, Pride and Prejudice, and Sense and Sensibility, as well as the TV series & film Clueless, which was based on Emma.

Compiled by @FaridArdian for @Englishtips4u on 16 Dec, 2015.

#EngKnowledge: Christopher Marlowe

Hello, Fellas!!! How was your weekend? I hope you enjoyed it because I spent my weekend by finishing my works so I couldn’t really enjoy mine.

In tonight’s session, we will talk about this man in the picture. Do you guys know him?

For those who don’t know him, his name was Christopher Marlowe and he was one of many Shakespeare’s greatest rivals. Marlowe was baptized on 26 February 1564, just two months earlier from Shakespeare’s baptism (26 April 1564). I guess they were meant to be rivals, don’t you think?

Quite similar to Shakespeare, Marlowe was a playwright and poet in the Elizabethan Era. Marlowe went to The King’s School in Canterbury and received his Bachelor of Arts degree there. Marlowe was famous for his offensive works with controversial themes. His first play is believed to be Dido, Queen of Chartage, performed between 1587 and 1593. The play is about Dido’s overwhelming love for Aeneas after she was shot by the Cupid. Aeneas then betrayed her and that action led to Dido’s suicide when Aeneas left for Italy. Another popular play from Marlowe is The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus. The play focuses on Doctor Faustus, a curious scholar who made a deal with Lucifer, The Devil, to be able to live longer to study more and, in exchange, he will spend the rest of time in hell.

In his works, Marlowe often criticized the kingdom. He was never in doubt to show the ill treatment the kingdom gave to some of its citizen in his tragedy-themed plays. In contrast, the Queen loved Shakespeare’s humorous plays.

Before he died, Marlowe was arrested and brought to trial without a clear reason. On 30 May 1593, he was stabbed to death by Ingram Frizer. There is an interesting theory about Marlowe’s death. We’ll talk about it some other time.

That’s all for tonight, Fellas. I hope this session gave you more knowledge before you start your week. Good night!

 

Compiled by @iismail21 for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 6 December, 2015.

#EngKnowledge: Diwali Festival

A 100-foot Ferris wheel in Leicester. A new major addition for this year's Diwali Festival.
A 100-foot Ferris wheel in Leicester. A new major addition for this year’s Diwali Festival.

Diwali is a five-day festival celebrating light, knowledge and good nature. Diwali – derived from the Sanskrit, ‘deepawali,’ means ‘row of lights‘ – also marks the beginning of the Hindu New Year. In Hinduism, light is seen as a metaphor for self-improvement, self-awareness and community, and its celebration allows followers to reaffirm their commitment to such values.

Some followers will pray for good business prospects in the months to come. Most Diwali celebration around the world focus on family and friends. As Diwali approaches, people also clean their home to escape bad luck in the upcoming year and families gather for a feast and stay up late, celebrating with the help of crackers and sweets. They believe that the Hindu Goddess of good luck visits homes that are brightly lit.

Fireworks displays have become an integral part of Diwali celebrations both in India and around the world. All the more because the festival takes place around the night of the new moon (Amavasya).

This timelapse video shows the displays taking place over the city of Vijayawada, in Andhra Pradesh province, India.

One of the biggest Diwali events outside India takes place in Leicester, UK. Hindu is the third biggest religion in the city. In Leicester, celebrations attract more than 35,000 people to the Belgrave Road for the switch-on of its lights and for the Diwali Day event. From 5 p.m the city’s busy Belgrave Road will become a pedestrian-friendly arena hosting Indian dancing, music and dhol drumming, building up to the switch-on of the Diwali lights at 7.30 p.m. This year, there is a major new addition to the event, the Wheel of Light – a 100-foot illuminated Ferris wheel.

 

Compiled and written by @faridardian for @EnglishTips4u on Friday, November 11, 2015

 

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^MD