#EngTrivia: Common confusing adjectives

Hola, Fellas, welcome to English Trivia session. How are you today? In this #EngTriva we are going to have a talk about some adjectives that are commonly confusing.

‘Each’ vs. ‘every’

The first are ‘each’ and ‘every.’ Does any of you can explain what is the difference between those words? ‘Each’ and ‘every’ are actually similar in referring singular noun

However, ‘each’ is used to indicate individual object/person. Meanwhile ‘every’ indicates a group of similar object, for instances doctors, teachers, apples, books, days, etc.

In a special case, we usually use ‘each’ when there are only two objects at the moment.

Example:

  • “She wear socks on each of her feet.”

On the other hand, if there are more than two objects the use of ‘each’ and ‘every’ is interchangeably.

Example:

  • “I donated every books I have to the town’s library,”
  • “Dina gave each of her old clothes to her sister.”

‘Farther’ vs. ‘further’

I found an articles in quickanddirtytips.com about these words. It stated that ‘farther’ is used to refer physical distance while ‘further’ refers figurative or metaphorical distance.

Example:

  • “We need to drive farther to reach Anyer beach,”
  • “We can discuss the financial planning further in the next meeting.”

‘Sick’ vs. ‘ill’

The last ones are ‘sick’ and ‘ill.’ The general difference between ‘sick’ and ‘ill’ is their formality. If you are included in less formal communication, you may use the word ‘sick.’ In addition, ‘sick’ describes a short term disease while ‘ill’ can describe both short term and long term disease.

Example:

  • “Maya couldn’t come to school for three days because she was sick,”
  • “Finally she appears fresher today. The project she’s just handled certainly made her look ill.”

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, November 9, 2017

#EngTrivia: How do you read ‘1800s’ and its friends?

Hello Fellas.. how’s your Thursday? Are you also excited like me to welcome Friday, which means weekend, tomorrow?

Alright, maybe some of you have noticed the title of today’s session, “how do you read ‘1800s’ and its friends?” It doesn’t mean that we will be focus on ‘1800s,’ but do you know how to spell it? Is it “one thousand and eight hundreds”? Just like we spell fifties (50s)?

I even couldn’t think about a single thing while I found the word ‘1800s’ in my English textbook.

Generally, ‘1800s’ indicates a century and after I did a browsing in the internet, it stated that ‘1800s’ is spelled “eighteen hundreds.” So, you read by dividing the ‘18’ (eighteen) and ‘00s’ (hundreds).

Examples:

  • 1300s: thirteen hundreds
  • 1400s: fourteen hundreds
  • 1700s: seventeen hundreds

Then, what about the century which is started in millennial era, such as 2000s, 2100s, 2200s, and so on? Could you tell me what is the proper pronounce of those years?

Similarly, you pronounce ‘2100s’ by separating ’21’ and ’00s.’ So, it will be “twenty one hundreds.” Then “twenty two hundreds” for ‘2200s,’ “twenty three hundreds” for ‘2300s,’ and so on.

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, October 26, 2017

#EngClass: Degree Words (2)

Today we will learn about some degree words.

We use degree words to explain the intensity of an action, adjective or another adverb.

You can check the first lesson here https://englishtips4u.com/2012/08/27/engclass-degree-words/
Here’re some examples of degree words from positive to negative:

  1. Absolutely perfect!

E.g. “This suit is absolutely perfect for me!”

  1. Really excellent.

E.g. “The school’s teaching staff is really excellent.”

  1. Very good indeed.

E.g. “The food in the restaurant is very good indeed!”

  1. Very good.

E.g. “His skills in cooking is very good.”

  1. Good.

E.g. “When my nephew was only six, he was good at drawing.”

  1. Quite good.

E.g. “My teacher is quite good at teaching us.”

  1. Fairly good.

E.g. “The new variety show is fairly good.”

  1. Not very good.

E.g. “The interview I had was not very good.”

  1. Rather poor.

E.g. “Most of the land there is rather poor to cultivate.”

  1. Bad.

E.g. “I received bad treatment from him.”

  1. Very bad.

E.g. “I am having a very bad day.”

  1. Extremely bad.

E.g. “I don’t envy your journey in this extremely bad weather.”

  1. Utterly dreadful!

E.g. “The traffic is utterly dreadful!”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 15, 2017.

#EngTrivia: Confusing words (2)

Hello, Fellas. How was your day? In this session we are going to continue our discussion about some confusing words.

‘Harm,’ ‘injury,’ and ‘damage.’

Do you know the difference of those words?

Regarding to Merriam-webster dictinary, if ‘harm’ acts as a verb, it means to make someone/something to be hurt/broken. On the other words, ‘harm’ can also be a noun which is something that has a bed effect on someone or another thing.

Example:

  • “The acidic solutions may harm the metals.”
  • “I mean no harm.”

What about ‘injury’? This word means a physical harm on someone. It is usually cause by an accident.

Example:

  • “I got this injury from falling down of my motorbike.”

Meanwhile, according to BBC ‘damage’ is a physical harm on something (non-living/abstract object), such as economy, impression, electronics, etc.

Example:

  • “This rumor can cause a damage on her reputation.”

‘During,’ ‘while,’ and ‘for.’

If you check on the dictionary, ‘during’ means the entire time of an event/a moment, such as, holiday, school (grade), party, meeting, etc.

Example:

  • “I made this sweater during the term holiday.”

Ecenglish. Com also states that ‘during’ is a preposition to indicate the time of an event.

Example:

  • “There were many interesting performances during last year’s Christmas holiday.”

On the other hand ‘while’ means a short period of time.

Example:

  • “I will take a rest for a while.”

In addition, we can also use ‘while’ as a conjunction when two events happen at the same time.

Example:

  • “I was showering while my brother came home.”

The last is ‘for.’ This word is used to indicate a specific time of an event. So, when we put ‘for’ in a sentence, it is followed by the length of time.

Example:

  • “My mother well be in Paris for two weeks.”

 

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, October 12, 2017

#EngClass: Adverbs of Manner

Today we will learn about adverbs of manner.

Adverb of manner describes the way something happens.
Here’s a list of adverbs of manner:

  1. Well: in a good or satisfactory way.

E.g. “She responds well to the treatment.”
2. Awkwardly: in a worried or embarrased way.

E.g. “He awkwardly said he’s sorry.”
3. Carelessly: without care or concern; inattentively.

E.g. “She was fined for driving carelessly.”
4. Hard: with a great deal of effort.

E.g. “He’s been working hard all day.”
5. Deliberately: in a careful and unhurried way.

E.g. “She deliberately dressed down for the party.”

P.s.: Dress down = to dress informally. Dress up = to dress in smart or formal clothes. 
6. Late: not on time; after the expected time.

E.g. “She practically always late for school.”
7. Eagerly: emphasize a strong desire to do something.

E.g. “The sequel of that novel is eagerly anticipate by many readers.”
8. Fast: at high speed.

E.g. “That car was going fast.”
9. Fondly: with love.

E.g. “She looks fondly at the plants.”
10. Inquisitively: with curiousity.

E.g. “She wrinkled her brow inquisitively.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 1, 2017.

#EngQuote: Elon Musk

Elon Musk is a 21st century engineer and industrialist. He has always been a thinker and a creator. Musk manages companies that specialize in self-driving cars (Tesla Motors) and private space exploration & Mars colonization (SpaceX). Previously, Elon Musk co-founded and sold PayPal, the world’s leading Internet payment system. Musk was the real life inspiration for Robert Downey, Jr.’s character, Tony Stark, in the Iron Man franchise. He was a cameo in Iron Man 2.

Here are several quotes from Elon Musk.

Elon Musk 1Elon Musk 2Elon Musk 3Elon Musk 4Elon Musk 5Elon Musk 6Elon Musk 7Elon Musk 8Elon Musk 9Elon Musk 10Elon Musk 11Elon Musk 12Elon Musk 13

 

Compiled and written by @anhtiss in @EnglishTips4U. Saturday, October 7, 2017.

 

Related Post(s):

#EngVocab: Other ways to say ‘little’

Hello, fellas! What are you doing? Do you know that there are some other words to express ‘little?’

  1. Tiny (adj). Meaning: extremely small
    • Example:
      • “The glass shattered into a thousand tiny pieces.”
  1. Teeny (adj). Meaning: informal expression of tiny.
    • Example:
      • “Just a teeny slice of cake for me, please.”
  1. Diminutive (adj). Meaning: notably small.
    • Example:
      • “Ant-man is such a diminutive figure, less than two feet tall.”
  1. Microscopic (adj).:Meaning very small and only able to be seen with a microscope.
    • Example:
      • “He photographed every aspect of the object in microscopic detail.”
  1. Petite (adj). Meaning: small in size.
    • Example:
      • “She was small and petite with long blonde hair.”
  1. Slight (adj). Meaning: small in amount
    • Example:
      • “There’s a slight chance of rain.”
  1. Wee (adj).:Meaning: small, little (informal word use by mainly Scottish people)
    • Example:
      • “The wizard reached out, caught the wee creature in his hand”
  1. Minuscule (adj).. Meaning: rather less, rather small.
    • Example:
      • “The new chemical substance is harmless in such minuscule amounts.”

That’s all for today, fellas! See you on another session!

Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, September 23, 2017.


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#EngClass: Adverbs of Frequency

Today we will learn about adverbs of frequency.

Adverbs of frequency describe how frequent something occurs or things happen.

Here’s the list of adverbs of frequency from the most frequent to the less frequent.
1. Always: at all times.

E.g. “She always eats breakfast every morning.”
2. Usually: refers to what normally happens.

E.g. “There’s usually a lot of traffic at this time of day.”
3. Often: many times.

E.g. “How often should I take this medicine?”
4. Sometimes: at times, now and then.

E.g. “Sometimes words hurt more than swords.”
5. Occasionally: at infrequent or irregular intervals.

E.g. “She watches the kids for us occasionally.”
6. Seldom: not often, rarely.

E.g. “He seldom writes to us.”
7. Ever: at any time.

E.g. “Nobody has ever solved this problem.”
8. Never: at no time in the past and future.

E.g. “Never trust another what you can do yourself.”
Source:

google dictionary
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 17, 2017.

#WOTD: Debutante

Hello, Fellas. How are you today? This evening we are going to discuss “debutante.” Are you familiar with this word?

The very first time I found “debutante” is when I was reading historical fiction novel. It was about a selection to get a bride for crown prince of a kingdom.

If you take a look in Merriam-Webster dictionary, “debutante” is originally a French word. It means grand attendance of an upper-class young lady to parties. Since they are a high-class parties, the lady definitely wears her best gown to create a good impression.

Generally, debutantes will be presented in a royal party in order where the nobles may choose one of them as their soon-to-be bride. Here are some illustration of the “debutante” usage in a sentence:

  • “Nina is the most debutante in this season.”
  • “A debutante should have a beauty as well as a good education.”

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, September 14, 2017

#EngClass: Using ‘So That’ (Expressing Purpose)

Today we will learn how to use ‘so that’ to express purpose.
You can learn about expressing purpose here:

https://englishtips4u.com/2016/10/12/engclass-expressing-purpose/
We use ‘so that’ to express purpose.

We often use it with modal verbs (can, would, will, etc.).

‘So that’ is often used instead of ‘in order to.’

We usually use so that with can/could and will/would.
So that + can

E.g. 

“I’m going to do my work now so that I can go home early.”
So that + could

E.g. 

“She moved back in with her father so that she could look after him.”
So that + will

E.g.

“We arrive at the theatre early so that we will have time to eat before the show.”
So that + would

E.g. 

“They wrote the notice in big letter so that it would stick out.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 3, 2017.

#GrammarTrivia: Confusing verbs

Hello, Fellas. We meet again. How are you today? This evening we are going to have a discussion about confusing verbs.

Who had felt dilemmatic about the using of ‘make’ and ‘do’ in a sentence? Because sometimes I did.

‘Make’ vs. ‘do’

After I read some references, it is said that we use ‘do’ to indicate an activity/action.

Examples:

  • “Do your homework,”
  • “You should do your work,”
  • “It’s my schedule to do the laundry.”

Likewise, we can also use ‘do’ even if there is no physical object to be shown.

For illustration:

  • “I would do anything for you,”
  • “She didn’t do anything wrong,”
  • “I do nothing since this morning.”

Meanwhile, ‘make’ is used when someone is creating/building/performing something. It is usually something that you can see/touch (physical object).

Examples:

  • “I am making cheesecake,”
  • “Please, don’t make him cry.”
  • “Smartphone makes us communicating with someone easily.”

‘Say’ vs. ‘tell.’

According to Cambridge dictionary, ‘say’ focuses on the words in someone speech. For illustrations,

  • “He said,I want to buy apples.’

On the other hand, ‘say’ also acts as a reporting verb.

Example:

  • “He said he wanted to buy apples.”

Meanwhile ‘tell’ is used to report the message of the speech or to instruct someone.

Example:

  • “He told me that he wanted to buy apples,”
  • “Tell him to buy apples.”

‘Shall’ vs. ‘will.’

In simple future tense, we traditionally use ‘shallafter the first person pronoun (I and we) while ‘you,’ ‘they,’ ‘she,’ ‘he,’ and ‘it’ are followed by ‘will.’

For instances:

  • “We shall go to supermarket to buy some vegetables and meat,”
  • “You will get a good grade if you study harder.”

However, when we want to emphasis something the rules are reversed. The first pronouns are followed by ‘will,’ while ‘shall’ is placed after the second and the third pronouns.

Illustration,

  • “I will not forgive you,”
  • “She shall read the textbooks as her thesis refrences.”

 

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, August 31, 2017

#EngClass: Indirect (Reporting) Speech (2)

Today we will learn more about reported speech.
You can review the first lesson here https://englishtips4u.com/2011/10/12/engclass-indirect-reporting-speech/ 

Reported speech is also called indirect speech, used to report something someone said.
E.g.

  1. Simple present –> simple past

E.g. 

Quoted speech: He said, “I work every day.”

Reported speech: “He said (that) he worked every day.”
2. Present progressive –> past progressive

E.g. 

Quoted speech: He said, “I am working.”

Reported speech: “He said (that) he was working.”
3. Present perfect –> past perfect

E.g.

Quoted speech: He said, “I have worked.”

Reported speech: “He said (that) he had worked.”
4. Simple past –> past perfect

E.g.

Quoted speech: He said, ” I worked.”

Reported speech: “He said (that) he had worked.”
5. Past progressive –> past perfect progressive

E.g.

Quoted speech: He said, ” I was working.”

Reported speech: “He said (that) he had been working.”
6. Past perfect –> past perfect

E.g.

Quoted speech: He said, “I had worked.”

Reported speech: “He said (that) he had worked.”
7. Simple future

E.g. 

Quoted speech: He said, ” I will work.”

Reported speech: “He said (that) he would work.”
8. Be going to

E.g.

Quoted speech: He said, ” I am going to work.”

Reported speech: “He said (that) he was going to work.”
9. Modal auxiliary

E.g. 

Quoted speech: He said, ” I can work.”

Reported speech: “He said (that) he could work.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, August 20, 2017.

#GrammarTrivia: Tricky prepositions

Hello, Fellas. Happy Independence Day! How’s your day? Did you attend the rising flag ceremony like I did?

Today we would discuss some tricky prepositions, such as “ask for.”’ “ask to,” “into,” “in to,” etc.

“Into” vs. “in to”

“Into” shows the motion towards something else, for illustration a place (a room).

Example:

  • “I walk into the meeting room,”
  • “The bird fly into its nest.”

Meanwhile “in to” is generally an adverb ‘in’ which is followed by preposition ‘to.’

Example:

  • “I turn in to Thomson Road,”
  • “Put this pen in to the pencil case.”

“Ask for” vs. “ask to.”

“Ask for” is a phrasal verb that express our request for something (an object).

Example:

  • “I will ask for a new phone on my birthday,”
  • “Mr. John asks for his coffee.”

On the other hand, “ask to” is used when you wish someone to do something (verb).

Example:

  • “I asked Donna to clean the living room,”
  • “Daddy asked me to buy apples.”

“Think about” vs. “think of”

If you are thinking about something for a long time/considering something, then you will use “think about.”

Example:

  • “I was thinking about pursuing my master degree in UK.”
  • “My mom thought about our plan to move to Florida.”

However, if you are imagining something/spontaneously thinking about something, then you use “think of.”

Example:

  • “I thought of having a private library in my home,”
  • “This song makes me think of our high school moments.”

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, August 17, 2017

#EngQuote: Haruki Murakami

Haruki Murakami is a Japanese writer. His books and stories have been bestsellers in Japan as well as internationally. Haruki has received several noted awards for his fiction and non-fiction works. He was also referred to as one of the world’s greatest living novelist by The Guardian.

1Q84, Norwegian Wood, On Seeing The 100% Perfect Girl, Underground etc are some of Murakami’s works. He is known mostly for his humorous work focusing on the loneliness of Japan’s work dominated generation. Here are several quotes from the author, Haruki Murakami.

Murakami1Murakami2Murakami3Murakami4Murakami5Murakami6Murakami7Murakami8Murakami9Murakami10Murakami11

Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, August 12, 2017.

 

#UKSlang: UK Slang (11)

Today we will learn about other UK slangs  apart from those we have talked about in past sessions.

Let’s start!
1. Laughing gear: one’s mouth.

E.g. “It’s not funny. Shut your laughing gear!”
2. Know one’s onions: well versed on a subject.

E.g. “That guy sure knows his onions.”
3. Hard cheese: expression of bad luck.

E.g. “The new rules is a hard cheese for the employees.”
4. Go to spare: become angry or frustrated.

E.g. “All his problems make him go to spare.”
5. Eating irons: eating utensils.

E.g. “Let us prepare the eating irons.”
6. Do one’s nut: become enraged.

E.g. “I gave him the news, and he did his nut.”
7. Bang to the rights: caught in the act.

E.g. “The police came and caught the robber bang to rights in front of the store.”
8. Argy-bargy: heated confrontation.

E.g. “I don’t want us to get into argy bargy just because of this small problem.”
9. All mouth and no trousers: all talk, no action.

E.g. “He’s all mouth and no trousers. Nobody wants to listen to him.”
10. Sad arse: pathetic person.

E.g. “You are a sad arse! Can’t you even boil an egg?”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, August 6, 2017.

#IOTW: Idioms related to medical and health

Hello, Fellas, how are you? I hope you are always as fit as fiddle.

Today I am going to share some idioms related to health. I am sure that maybe you’ve heard about some of them.

  1. “Alive and kicking.” Meaning: (just like the previous phrase “as fit as fiddle”) to be healthy.
    • Example:
      • “Hello, John, how are you? You look alive and kicking.
  2. “Break out in a cold sweat.” Meaning: to perspire from fever/anxiety.
    • Example:
      • “It seems like you are going to break out in a cold sweat. Just relax, everything will be all right.”
  3. “Bring (someone) around.” Meaning: to cure someone/to restore consciousness.
    • Example:
      • “Donna’s one of the best cardiologist. She always brings her patients around successfully.”
  4. “Feel on top of the world.” Meaning: to be very healthy.
    • Example:
      • “I think this supplement works. I am currently feeling on top of the world.”
  5. “Flare up.” Meaning: (an illness) suddenly begin again.
    • Example:
      • “I thought I have completely recover from the flu, but the fever suddenly flared up.”
  6. “Go under a knife.” Meaning: to have an operation in surgery.
    • Example:
      • “She is going under a knife to remove the breast tumor.”
  7. “Head shrinker.” Meanimg: a psychiatrist.
    • Example:
      • “Well, I recommend you to see dr. Robert. He is a good head shrinker.”
  8. “In a family way.” Meaning: pregnant.
    • Example:
      • “Have you heard that Marissa is in a family way?”
  9. “Out cold” Meaning: unconscious.
    • Example:
      • “I don’t know what happened to him. He was shivering before he is out cold.
  10. “Pull through.” Meaning: to recover from serious illness.
    • Example:
      • “Hannah is still unable to go to school even though she has pulled through the dengue fever,”

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, August 3, 2017.

#EngVocab: Academic word list

Hello, fellas! How are you?

 

The Academic Word List (AWL) is a list of words that are commonly found in academic text. These words also occur in newspapers but not as often as they do in textbooks. Academic vocabulary is important for students who are studying at an English-speaking university, particularly for reading and writing. Here are some words of academic vocabulary.

  1. Adequate (adj). Meaning: sufficient for a specific need or requirement (cukup, memadai).
    • Example:
      • “The machine does an adequate job.”
  2. Behalf (n). Meaning: as a representative of someone/something (atas nama).
    • Example:
      • “On behalf of the school, Mr. Jo congratulates the graduated student.”
  3. Consent (v). Meaning: to give assent or approval (menyetujui).
    • Example:
      • “The man charged with vandalism consented to detainment.”
  4. Denote (v). Meaning: to serve as an indication of (merupakan, menunjukkan).
    • Example:
      • “The term ‘earth’ was used to denote the non-metallic substance which were insoluble in water.”
  5. Emphasis (n). Meaning: force or intensity of expression that gives impressiveness or importance to something.
    • Example:
      • “The school had an emphasis on collaborative learning.”
  6. Framework (n). Meaning: a basic conceptional structure.
    • Example:
      • “The book provides a general framework for understanding the evolution.”
  7. Generate (v). Meaning: to bring into existence (menghasilkan, membangkitkan).
    • Example:
      • “Windmills are used to generate a lot of revenue.”
  8. Hypothesis (n). Meaning: an assumption made for the sake of argument.
    • Example:
      • “The result of the experiment did not support his hypothesis.”
  9. Integrate (v). Meaning: to form into a functioning or unified whole; unite with something else.
    • Example:
      • “She integrates elements of jazz and rock in her music.”
  10. Justify (v). Meaning: to prove or show to be reasonable. (membenarkan)
    • Example:
      • “He tried to justify his behavior by saying that he was being pressured.”

That wraps up our session, fellas! Thank you. Good night!

Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, July 29, 2017.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

 

#EngVocab: Substitutes of ‘Laugh’

Today we will learn about the substitutes for ‘laugh.’ Do you know what word  we can use to replace ‘laugh?’
Let’s start!

  1. Snicker: smothered/half-suppressed laugh.

E.g. “Can you guess which part of this post made me snicker a bit?”
2. Giggle: laugh lightly in a nervous/silly manner.

E.g. “She was unable to suppress a giggle.”
3. Chuckle: laugh quietly.

E.g. “He gave a chuckle in response to her question.”
4. Chortle: laugh in breathy, gleeful way.

E.g. “Father used to chortle over such funny jokes.”
5. Guffaw: a loud and boisterous laugh.

E.g. “James guffawed with delight when he heard the news.”
6. Cackle: laugh in a harsh/sharp manner.

E.g. “Cut the cackle, John! You have to talk more seriously.”
7. Howl: laugh heartily.

E.g. “She began to howl when he walked out of the door.”
8. Titter: a short, half-suppressed laugh.

E.g. “His comments raised a titter.”
9. Hee-haw: a loud rude laugh.

E.g. “Doesn’t that deserve a little hee-haw?”
10. Bellow (of laughter): a very loud laugh.

E.g. “He gave a sudden bellow of laughter.”
Reference:

http://www.thefreedictionary.com

dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 23, 2017.

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