Tag Archives: word

#WOTD: Salience

 

tumblr_static_axi5y8nmrio8kgkok4s0c0ccg.jpg

In this occasion, we are going to discuss a word that I just discovered when reading a research on language teaching and the word is ‘salience.’ Salience (noun) means is the state or condition of being prominent. (Salient; adjective)

Oxford dictionary defines the word ‘salience’ as most noticeable or important. Meanwhile, Cambridge defines the same word as the fact of being important to or connected with what is happening or being discussed.

The word is prominently found in linguistics and other fields of studies, such as sociology, psychology, and political studies. In psychology, for example, we have ‘social salience,’ which means a set of reasons which draw an observer’s attention toward a particular object.

‘Salience’ comes from the Latin ‘salire‘, meaning ‘to leap.’

In short, we could draw a conclusion that ‘salience’ shares the same sense to ‘importance.’

Some examples of ‘salience’ in sentences are:

  • The salience of these facts was questioned by several speakers.
  • Our birthday will always be a date that jumps out at you with a lot of salience.
  • Away from these predominantly liberal arenas, however, white identity has found a more potent form of salience. (The New Yorker)
  • The researchers saw a drop in activity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, part of the salience network of the brain. (Time)
  • Crises, particularly wars, may increase the salience of national considerations. (Salon)

Those are some information on the word ‘salience’ that we have gathered for you. Hope it’s clear enough to sufficiently introduce you to the word and its usage.

Thanks for your attention today!

 

Compiled and written by @Wisznu for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, August 11, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

#EngVocab: Air travel vocabulary (3)

Hi guys, is any of you planning to travel by air? This time, we are having a discussion on air travel vocabulary. We have collected 10 important vocabulary that you might need when you are travelling by air. Here they are:

  1. Aisle. Meaning: corridor in aeroplane between the seats [there are usually one or two].
  2. A standstill. Meaning: a stop or an end.
  3. A tray-table. Meaning: a small table that is stored in the back of the seat in front of you on a plane.
  4. Skycap. Meaning: a person who works at an airport carrying luggage.
  5. Runway. Meaning: a place where airplanes take off and land.
  6. Control tower. Meaning: the building in an airport where air traffic is routed in and out of the airport.
  7. Airstrip. Meaning: a small path or field for planes to take off and land.
  8. Carry-on. Meaning: a bag that is carried on an airplane, bus, etc., instead of being stored in the luggage compartment.
  9. Long-haul flight. Meaning: a flight that travels a long distance in one go, e.g., a long-haul flight would be flying from New York to Sydney.
  10. Stopover (layover). Meaning: if you are traveling on a long-haul flight, you usually have to have a short stop in another country first. This stop is called a stopover or a transit.

Those are the 10 vocabulary of air travel that we have collected for you. Hope you like them.

 

Compiled and written by @Wisznu for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, May 12, 2016

Related post(s):

^MD

#WOTD: Ambrosial

Hello hey hi, fellas! How are you all?

Have you ever heard of the word ‘ambrosial’, fellas? Today we are going to talk about it!

Ambrosial is an adjective. It means highly pleasing, especially to the sense of taste.

The word ‘ambrosial’ was first used in 1590s.

It comes from Latin ambrosius, from Greek ambrosios, which means “immortal, divine”.

Ambrosial also means ‘having a pleasant smell’.

Some synonyms of ambrosial:

fragrant, aromatic, perfumed, delicious, appetizing, dainty, flavorful, delish.

Some antonyms of ambrosial:

smelly, stinky, distasteful, flavorless, tasteless, yucky.

Example use:

As I stood wiping quietly I could smell the ambrosial odours from the kitchen.

– The Friendly Road

That is all I can share for now, fellas. I hope it could be useful for you :)

Compiled and written by @waitatiri at @EnglishTips4U on August 2, 2016.

#IOTW: Idioms with ‘smile’

Hey, Fellas! How are you? I hope your day went well. This time, I will share some idioms using the word ‘smile.’

  1. Plastic smile. Meaning: a forced, artificial smile.
    • Example:
      • “Look at Leo’s plastic smile! He’s good at that!”
  2. Fortune is smiling (up)on (someone). Meaning: someone is especially lucky, fortunate, or successful.
    • Example:
      • “Fortune is smiling on Jenny! After getting a promotion, she has just won a lottery!”
  3. Crack a smile. Meaning: to grin; to smile.
    • Example:
      • “I always love when she cracks a smile.”
  4. Wipe the smile off your face. Meaning: to stop looking happy or pleased.
    • Example:
      • “Berry can’t wipe the smile off his face after his kiss with Becky!”
  5. Smile on. | meaning: to regard someone or something with favor or approval.
    • Example:
      • “Good fortune smiled on our efforts, and our plan succeeded.”

That’s the end of our article for now. Don’t forget to crack a smile before the day ends!

 

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, February 24, 2016

 

Related post(s):

^MD

#IOTW: Work related idioms

  1. Start/get the ball rolling. Meaning: to take the first step to begin a process.
    • Example:
      • This February, we’ll start the ball rolling on the new project.
  2. Line of work. Meaning: job field; type of work.
    • Example:
      • The construction worker said that injuries were common in his line of work.
  3. Talk shop. Meaning: to talk about work-related things.
    • Example: 
      • Next outing day, let’s not talk shop and have a lot of fun instead!
  4. Call the shots. Meaning: to make the decisions.
    • Example: 
      • Tina needs to call the shots because her boss is away.
  5. Be in the red. Meaning: at a deficit; running at a loss; losing money.
    • Example:
      • The store has been in the red since the end of last year.
  6. Red tape. Meaning: bureaucracy; formal rules that usually make something hard to do.
    • Example:
      • Jessica’s working permit was held up for 2 months because of red tape.
  7. Slack off. Meaning: to work unproductively and lazily.
    • Example:
      • Because the boss is on holiday, everyone at the office slacks off.

 

Compiled and written for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 20 January, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MD

#EngTips: How to Apologize in English

I have been listening to this song a lot lately. Well, in this post,  we are not gonna talk about the song. Instead, we will give you tips on how to apologize in English.

There are some expressions you can use to apologize. We are going to give you some of them.

  1. Sorry. It is a very common, simple apology and there are several situations we can use it in.
    • Example:
      • when we bump into someone on the street (“Sorry”).
      • Or when we are sympathising with someone (“I’m sorry to hear that”).
  2. I’m so/very/extremely/terribly sorry. This is similar to ‘sorry’ but adding an extra word makes the meaning stronger.
    • Example:
      • “I am terribly sorry for forgetting you birthday yesterday.”
  3. I apologize for/ I’d like to apologize for. This is a more formal way of saying sorry.
    • Example:
      • “I apologise for not replying your email sooner.”
  4. Please accept my (sincere) apologies. This is a very formal way of apologizing, especially when the word ‘sincere’ is included.
    • Example:
      • “Please accept my sincere apologies for the misunderstanding. We will correct the mistakes.”
  5. How careless of me! This phrase is used when we criticize ourselves for making a mistake.
    • Example:
      • “I just scratched your car, how careless of me! I’ll take it to a garage.”

 

Compiled and written by @FaridArdian for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 13 January, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MD

#WOTD: Memento

Hello hey hi, fellas! How are you?

Today we are going to talk about a word! #WOTD

The word is memento. Have you ever heard of it, fellas?

Memento means something that is kept as a reminder of a person, place, or thing.

Memento is a noun.

Memento comes from “meminisse,” a Latin verb that literally means “to remember”.

The first known use of the word ‘memento’ was in 1580.

Some synonyms of memento: commemorative, keepsake, memorial, monument, remembrance, reminder, souvenir, token.

Plural form of memento: Mementos or mementoes.

Example sentence:

I will keep this ring from my mother as a memento – it always reminds me of her.

Another example:

People like to have some kind of memento of a visit, and if it’s useful, all the better.

That is all I can share for today, fellas. I hope it could be useful for you!

Compiled and written by @waitatiri at @EnglishTips4U on July 12, 2016.

#IOTW: Legal and law idioms

This time, I would like to share some idioms related to legal and law. Are you guys interested, fellas? Let’s get started!

  1. Null and void. Meaning: something which has already been cancelled. The phrase is actually redundant since null means “void.” Example: The court case against the company was null and void. The company had settled the lawsuit out of court.
  2. Cease and desist. Meaning: to stop immediately and permanently. Separately, cease means to stop and desist means not to re-start. Example: The man was given a cease and desist order to stop bothering her.
  3. Turn a blind eye to. Meaning: to see something wrong or suspicious but is pretending not to see any. Example: Many people turned a blind eye to corruption happened in their country.
  4. Fine print. Meaning: an important part of a document that is written in fine or small text that is usually overlooked or ignored. Example: I did not realize how much interest of the loans is until I read the fine print of the contract.
  5. Take the law into one’s own hands. Meaning: to seek justice on their own, without legal authority. Example: They took the law into their own hands and beat the thieves.
  6. Under the table. Meaning: to get something done secretly, usually because it is illegal or unethical. Example: They offered him money under the table to change his mind.
  7. Beat the rap. Meaning: to avoid being found guilty of a crime. Example: He is charged with shoplifting, but somehow he can beat the rap.

 

It’s a wrap for tonight. I hope the new idioms were useful for you. :)

Source: http://hubpages.com/

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4u on Saturday, February 6, 2016

Related post(s):

^MD

#WOTD: Bae

the_baest_bae_to_ever_bae.png.CROP.promovar-mediumlarge
(Source: www.slate.com)

This time, we are having a discussion on the word ‘bae’. Have you heard that word? What do you think that word means?

Nowadays, ‘bae’ acts as an endearment. We had a discussion on endearment in a few posts ago. You may see the discussion on endearment here: #EngVocab: Terms of endearment.

‘Bae’ started to take off in 2003 and its usage has been increasing until this very day. The word experienced its meteoric rise when Pharrel and Miley collaborated for “Come Get it, Bae.” You need to listen to the song. It is dope!

Recently, people use ‘bae’ to refer to ‘boyfriend’ or ‘girlfriend. So, you may say,

  • “He is my bae. We have been together for two years. I love him to the moon and back.”

In some cases, people also use ‘bae’ to describe a hella delectable food. So, if you are tasting an extremely delicious dish you may say,

  • “This pizza is bae!”

‘Bae’ can also be used to describe cool things as you may say,

  • “I like your shoes. They are bae.”

In the past, ‘bae’ does not have anything to do with ‘boyfriend’ or ‘girlfriend’ or ‘palatable food’. In 1500s, the word ‘bae’ was primarily used to denote the sound of sheep.

Linguists dispute the reason how ‘bae’ experiences such shift in meaning. A party believes that it is basically an acronym for “Before Anyone Else” Others have a dissenting opinion saying that ‘bae’ is actually the shorter version ofbabe’.

Well, whatever the reason is, we need to embrace the fact that nowadays the word means ‘boyfriend,’ or ‘girlfriend,’ or ‘cool stuffs,’ or ‘great food’.

That’s all for now, guys. Thank you so much for your attention. I appreciate it a lot.

 

Compiled and written by @wisznu at @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, February 4, 2016

Related post(s):

^MD

#EngVocab: Terms of endearment

Seems like only yesterday we celebrated New Year… And now, we’re in February. Some of you might have been looking forward to this month because of the Valentine’s Day.

So, let’s start off this month by talking about something related to the 14th and, of course, love. We are discussing terms of endearment.

Terms of endearment are used to address somebody who is special or whom we’re fond of. Instead of using the said person’s first name, terms of endearment are used to show extra affection so the person realizes how special he/she is for us. Do you often use terms of endearment? Or perhaps you have a pet name for your loved ones?

We have been familiar with baby, babe, my love, darling, sweetie, sweetheart, honey, my dear, my lady, baby boy, and baby girl.

Today we are going to discuss other terms of endearment.

  1. Cutie pie is used to address someone charming, cute, or adorable.
  2. My boo means my girlfriend or my boyfriend, and has similar ringing to my baby.
    Remember this legendary duet? In 2004, Usher and Alicia Keys teamed up in a song titled ‘My Boo’.
  3. Wifey, hubby, bestie, boyfie, but not girlfie, are cuter versions of wife, husband, best friend, and boyfriend.
    • “These days we have ‘shawty’ and ‘shnookums’. Time sure has changed. Lol. There are probably more but I can’t think of them.” – Orbanrone Amal @orbanrone
  4. Pumpkin and cupcake are used to address somebody who is small and cute.
  5. Sugar or sugarplum is used for somebody who is sweet.
  6. My pet has similar meaning to my love or my dear. So, the meaning of the word ‘pet’ is not limited to animals we look after.
    • For example you can see the way Sweeney Todd talk to Mrs Lovett, “Have charity towards the world, my pet.”

 

 

Compiled and written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, February 1, 2016

 

Related post(s):

^MD

#WOTD: Nominee, nominator, nomination

In this post, we will discuss a few words related to an award: ‘nominee,’ ‘nominator,’ and ‘nomination.’

  1. Nominee (n.), pronounced /näməˈnē/. Meaning: a person who is proposed as a candidate for an office or as the recipient of an award. ‘Nominee’ can also mean a person or company, not the owner, in whose name a stock, bond, or company is registered.
    • Example:
      • We usually have four nominees for our company’s “Employee of The Year”, one from each department.
  2. Nominator (n.), pronounced /ˈnɒmɪneɪtə/. Meaning: a person or body who names an eligible candidate to receive an award or enter an office.
    • Example:
      • What the nominees don’t know is the nominators will stay anonymous until the ceremony is over.
  3. Nomination (n.), pronounced /nɒmɪˈneɪʃ(ə)n/. Meaning: the action of nominating or a state of being nominated.
    • Example:
      • Despite having received several Oscar nominations, Leonardo DiCaprio has won none yet.

 

Compiled and written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 25 January, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MD

#EngQuote: Quote from The Notebook

In this article, I would like to share some of my favorite quotation from The Notebook by Nicholas Sparks. Have you guys watched/read it? What do you think about The Notebook movie and/or the book? Tell me your thought/ your own favorite quotes! Anyway, here are mine…

1.

6
“They didn’t agree on much. In fact, they didn’t agree on anything. They fought all the time and challenged each other every day. But despite their differences, they had one important thing in common. They were crazy about each other.” – Nicholas Sparks, The notebook

2.

1
“You are my best friend as well as my lover, and I don’t know which side of you I enjoy the most. I treasure each side, just as I have treasured our life together.” – Nicholas Sparks, The notebook

3.

5
“The best love is the kind that awakens the soul and makes us reach for more, that plants a fire in our hearts and brings peace to our minds.” – Nicholas Sparks, The notebook

4.

4
“So it’s not gonna be easy. It’s going to be really hard. We’re gonna have to work at this everyday, but I want to do that because I want you. I want all of you, forever, everyday. You and me… everyday.” – Nicholas Sparks, The notebook

5.

2
“You are the answer to every prayer I’ve offered. You are a song, a dream, a whisper, and I don’t know how I could have lived without you for as long as I have.” – Nicholas Sparks, The notebook

6.

3
“You can’t live hour life for other people. You’ve got to do what’s right for you, even if it hurts some people you love.” – Nicholas Sparks, The notebook

7.

7
“It’s the possibility that keeps me going, not the guarantee.” – Nicholas Sparks, The notebook

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4u on Saturday, January 30, 2016

Related post(s):

^MD

#EngKnowledge: Dress codes

We meet again here to discuss ‘dress code.’ The term usually surfaces when you are about to attend an event, visit places of worship, have a job interview, etc.

While the terminology can vary from Brazilian Carnival, where everyone wears vibrant colours and looks like they’re about to join a parade, to The Great Gatsby, where we time-travel to USA in early 20s. Here are some dress codes that are commonly used.

1. Casual is the most comfortable clothing.

Example:

  • T-shirt
  • Jeans
  • Sneakers
  • Crop-top, etc.

2. Business casual is something many people wear to work every day. Replace jeans with dress pants or skirt, sneakers with loafers or heels, and T-shirt with collared shirt or polo shirt, and there you have it.

3. Smart casual is a combination of casual, business, and stylish outfit. Think of something that makes you look smart, sharp, and trendy. For examples for smart casual outfits, you can see the picture below.

image.jpg
(Source:businessinsider.com.au)

4. Business/informal. Contrary to its name, this dress code calls for something more sophisticated than smart casual: suit, tie, business-style dress, and ‘business’ colors (black, navy blue, gray, or brown).

5. Semi-formal is something fancier than business/informal and just below formal or black tie. Dark suit and long tie and oxford for gentlemen or little black dress or any other classy short dresses for ladies. The recommended length for the dresses is no shorter than one inch (2.54 cm) above the knee.

6. Formal/black tie. Black tie optional means floor-length gowns, fancy jewelries, tuxedos, vest, bow-ties, and also elegant hairdo. Notice that this dress code does not necessarily limit you to black tie or the color black. Silver suit with matching bow-tie is an elegant choice, too.

f080f9bca508674f445c03ef3ac66ecf
(Source: shesaidyes.co.nz)

 

Compiled and written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 18 January, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MD

#EngQAs: Grammar (3)

‘There is’ and ‘There are’

Which is right, ‘There is a table, chair, bed and a sofa in my room’ or ‘There are a table, chair, bed and a sofa in my room?’ – Talha Farhan @TALHAFARHAAN

The sentence is made of 4 others:

  • There is a table.
  • There is a chair.
  • There is a bed.
  • There is a sofa.

When it is contracted, it became: ‘There is a table, chair, bed, and sofa in my room.’

‘Are’ will be of use if one of the items is in plural forms, example: ‘There are tables, a chair, a bed, and a sofa in my room.’

One of

One of the boys is/are … One of the men is/are I get confused with ‘one of’ and sentences related with it. – LearnerG @always_I_Learn

When using the form ‘one of many things’, the subject is the word ‘one‘. Therefore, the verb or the verb ‘be’ following it is the one for singular noun, example:

  • One of the boys is caught smoking at school.
  • One of four men prefers having the first date at the cinema.

Two negative words

What if we make a sentence use two negative words such ‘You are not going nowhere’ is it allowed? Can i use it in essay? – umi^^ @Umi21Fatonah

The sentence ‘You’re not going nowhere’ or ‘I don’t have no money’ is considered informal and so should be avoided when writing.

The form is called double negative. More on the topic can be found here: https://englishtips4u.com/2011/10/31/grammartrivia-double-negative/

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 11 January, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MD

 

#EngVocab: Words of Sherlock in Abominable Bride

Today we are gonna discuss some vocabularies used in “Sherlock Holmes” by BBC. Are you a fan of Sherlock and his mind-blowing crime-cases? How would you describe Sherlock in a word?

I have compiled 10 appealing words for you to be familiar with. These words are in the dialogue of the characters in the film. Special for this session, we are gonna discuss the vocabulary in the most recent episode of Sherlock, ‘Abominable Bride’. Have you watched it?

Slide01

Some of these words are said by Sherlock & Dr. Watson. Some others are by Mycroft, Sir Eustace and wife, and Mary. I’m sure you are familiar with them already.

Here are the 10 selected words in Sherlock:

Slide02Slide03Slide04Slide05Slide06Slide07Slide08Slide09Slide10Slide11

Compiled and written by @wisznu at @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, January 21, 2016.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

#WOTD: Qualm

In this post, we are going to talk about the word ‘qualm’. Have you ever heard of it, fellas?

Qualm (/kwɑːm/) is a noun. The word ‘qualm’ was first used in the early 16th century which means an uneasy a feeling of doubt or uncertainty about whether you are doing the right thing. ‘Qualm’ could also mean a momentary faint or sick feeling.

Example:

  • She has no qualms about downloading pirated music files from the Internet.
  • She had no qualms about lying to the police.

There are some synonyms for qualm, such as:

  • misgivings,
  • doubts,
  • reservations,
  • second thoughts,
  • worries,
  • concerns,
  • anxiety.

 

Compiled and written by @waitatiri at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, January 19, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MD

#WOTD: Inconnu

In this post, we will have a discussion about ‘Inconnu.’

The word inconnu’ is derived from French ‘in- + connu‘ which means ‘unknown.’

In English, ‘inconnu’ is a noun which has two meanings:

1. Another name for a sheefish.

7. WOTD
(Source: fishretail.ru)

Example:

  • He won the fishing competition by catching an inconnu.
  1. A person who is unknown or a stranger. The plural form of this definition  is ‘inconnus.’

Example:

  • I didn’t know you. You’re an inconnu to me.

 

Written and compiled by @iismail21 for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 17 January, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MD

#WOTD: Bonhomie

Have you ever heard of the word ‘bonhomie?’

‘Bonhomie’ means a pleasant and affable disposition, geniality, good-natured easy friendliness. Bonhomie is a noun. The adjective for it is ‘bonhomous’. The word is derived from French, from bonhomme meaning ‘good-humored fellow‘ or ‘good natured-man.

Example:

  • He exuded good humor and bonhomie.
  • It’s nice to see the bonhomie of strangers singing together around a campfire.

There are some synonyms of ‘bonhomie,’ such as:

  • warm
  • friendliness
  • good humor
  • closeness

 

Compiled and written by @waitatiri at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, January 5, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MD