Tag Archives: vocabulary

#AUSSlang: Australian slang

  1. Grouse. Arti: ekspresi pujian, bagus, hebat.
    • Contoh:
      • She is a grouse woman.
  2. Idiot box. Arti: televisi.
    • Contoh:
      • Don’t waste too much time in front of the idiot box!
  3. Billabong. Arti: lubang air.
    • Contoh:
      • Whoa! I see a crocodile at the side of that billabong.
  4. Barbie. Arti: barbeque.
    • Contoh:
      • Let’s have a barbie tomorrow!
  5. Chook. Arti: ayam.
    • Contoh:
      • We have some shrimps and chook on the barbie.
  6. Bung. Arti: rusak.
    • Contoh:
      • I can’t use the elevator, it’s on the bung again.
  7. Brekkie. Arti: sarapan.
    • Contoh:
      • What do you have for your brekkie?
  8. Dodgy. Arti: aneh, mencurigakan.
    • Contoh:
      • That guy looks dodgy.
  9. Burl. Arti: mencoba, berusaha.
    • Contoh:
      • What are you waiting for? Go on, give it a burl.

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Friday, September 29, 2011

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#USSlang: American slang (5)

  1. Hole up. Arti: bersembunyi.
    • Contoh:
      • “I had to hole up for three days because the police were looking for me.”
  2. Paw. Arti: tangan.
    • Contoh:
      • “Get your paws off of my body.”
  3. Huffy. Arti: marah.
    • Contoh:
      • “I will do it soon so please don’t get huffy.”
  4. Honcho. Arti: bos.
    • Contoh:
      • “The honcho says that we are going to have to give up two days of our vacation.”
  5. Hot. Arti: dicuri.
    • Contoh:
      • “The police stopped them because they thought the car was hot.”
  6. Knock. Arti: mengkritik.
    • Contoh:
      • “Don’t knock it if you can’t do it any better.”
  7. Mush. Arti: tidak masuk akal.
    • Contoh:
      • “That is total mush and you know it.”
  8. Pad. Arti: tempat tinggal.
    • Contoh:
      • “Have you found a pad yet?”
  9. Nick. Arti: menangkap.
    • Contoh:
      • “The police nicked the shoplifter as he was leaving the store.”
  10. Nuke. Arti: senjata nuklir.
    • Contoh:
      • “Does that attack plane have any nukes?”

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, September 22, 2011

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#EngVocab: phrasal verbs with ‘get’

  1. ‘Get across.’ Meaning: menyampaikan sesuatu dengan baik.
    • Example:
      • “He’s an excellent speaker. He can get across even the most complicated ideas.”
  2. ‘Get along.’ Meaning:  memiliki hubungan yang baik, cocok.
    • Example:
      • “I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along.”
  3. ‘Get around.’ Meaning: bepergian.
    • Example:
      • “Since my car broke down, I’ve been getting around by bicycle.”
  4. ‘Get away.’ Meaning: pergi berlibur.
    • Example:
      • “We had a lovely holiday. We got away for a few days on the beach.”
  5. ‘Get away with.’ Meaning: melakukan hal illegal tanpa diketahui/dihukum.
    • Example:
      • “Jason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.”
  6. ‘Get back.’ Meaning: kembali.
    • Example:
      • “She’s still in Taiwan. She doesn’t get back until next week.”
  7. ‘Get back to.’ Meaning: berbicara lagi dengan seseorang.
    • Example:
      • “When I have more information, I’ll get back to you.”
  8. ‘Get back at.’ Meaning: balas dendam.
    • Example:
      • “My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.”
  9. ‘Get by.’ Meaning: cukup uang.
    • Example:
      • “It’s difficult to get by on a low salary.”
  10. ‘Get down to.’ Meaning: memulai suatu pekerjaan.
    • Example:
      • “If everybody is here, let’s get down to business.”
  11. ‘Get in.’ Meaning: tiba di rumah, memasuki.
    • Example:
      • “I’m really tired this morning. I didn’t get in until after midnight last night.”
  12. ‘Get round to.’ Meaning: memiliki waktu untuk mengerjakan sesuatu.
    • Example:
      • “Two months later, he finally got round to finishing that report.”
  13. ‘Get together.’ Meaning: bertemu dengan teman.
    • Example:
      • “Let’s get together for a BBQ this weekend.”
  14. ‘Get through.’ Meaning:
    1. lulus ujian.
      •  Example:
        • “We’re sure that you will get through your exam.” 
    2. berkomunikasi via telpon
      • Example:
        • “I couldn’t get through to them on the phone, so I emailed them the next day.”

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, September 20, 2011


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#USSlang: American slang (4)

  1. All wet. Meaning: completely wrong.
    • Example:
      • “Your ideas about politics are all wet.”
  2. Blown away. Meaning: greatly impressed.
    • Example:
      • “I was blown away by your attitude.”
  3. Booze. Meaning: alcohol.
    • Example:
      • “I need some booze tonight.”
  4. Break it up. Meaning: stop it.
    • Example:
      • “Break it up or I will call your parents.”
  5. Con. Meaning: deceive (menipu).
    • Example:
      • “Don’t try to con me!”
  6. Cut. Meaning: dilute (melarutkan).
    • Example:
      • “Could you cut my juice with a little water? It’s too sweet.””
  7. Dork. Meaning: strange person.
    • Example:
      • “Oh… He’s such a dork…”
  8. Flaky. Meaning: unreliable (tidak dapat diandalkan).
    • Example:
      • “He’s too flaky to do those things.”
  9. Goofy. Meaning: foolish, silly.
    • Example:
      • “She’s so goofy! We couldn’t stop laughing!”
  10. Have a buzz on. Meaning: slightly intoxicated.
    • Example:
      • “I had a buzz on after the third glasses of beer.”
  11. Heaved. Meaning: vomited.
    • Example:
      • “I heaved on the floor last night.”
  12. Pain in the neck. Meaning: annoying.
    • Example:
      • “My friend is a pain in the neck.”

Compiled and written by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, September 3, 2011

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#USSlang: American slang (3)

  1. Da bomb. Meaning: Excellent, the best.
    • Example:
      • “He’s da bomb! I think he’s the best guitar player I’ve ever known.”
  2. Jock. Meaning: An athlete, particularly a male athlete.
    • Example:
      • “He’s a jock. He’s used to winning sport games.”
  3. Downer. Meaning: Something or someone that is depressing; anything that makes one sad.
    • Example:
      • “She’s a downer. I don’t like her around.”
  4. Blow it. Meaning: To lose or waste something; to do very poorly or fail miserably.
    • Example:
      • “Don’t blow it. This is your last chance.”
  5. Green thumb. Meaning: A special talent for gardening.
    • Example:
      • “Your garden in lovely. You must have a green thumb.”
  6. Know-it-all. Meaning: A person who thinks they know everything.
    • Example:
      • “It’s Mr know-it-all who can’t stop interrupting our speech.”
  7. Cold feet. Meaning: Loss of courage; fear.
    • Example:
      • “I always get cold feet every time I have to speak in front of public.”
  8. Raise the roof. Meaning: To have fun and make a lot of noise.
    • Example:
      • “The party is on. Let’s raise the roof.”
  9. HogMeaning: To selfishly claim all of something; to eat or take everything.
    • Example:
      • “Don’t hog the car. It’s not yours.”
  10. High five. Meaning: A way to say “Bravo!” or “Good job!” by slapping someone’s hand in the air.
    • Example:
      • “Great job! Give me high five!”

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, July 26, 2011

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#EngGame: Common spelling mistakes

Rules of the game:

  1. Type the number of the question as you answer.
  2. Choose the right spelling between 2 words.

Let’s start!

  1. “Cemetery” or “cemetary”?
  2. “Espresso” or “expresso”?
  3. “Government” or “goverment”?
  4. “Enlightment” or “enlightenment”?
  5. “Forty” or “fourty”?
  6. “Pronounciation” or “pronunciation”?
  7. “Writting” or “writing”?
  8. “Ninth” or “nineth”?
  9. “Acknowledge” or “aknowlegde”?
  10. “Beautiful” or “beautifull”?
  11. “Bussiness” or “business”?
  12. “Misspell” or “mispell”?
  13. “Devide” or “divide”?
  14. “Grammer” or “grammar”?
  15. “Bycicle” or “bicycle”?
  16. “Chinese” or “Chinesse”?
  17. “Until” or “untill”?
  18. “Potatoes” or “potatos”?
  19. “Strength” or “strenght”?
  20. “Dissappear” or “disappear”?

ANSWERS:

  1. cemetery
  2. espresso
  3. government
  4. enlightenment
  5. forty
  6. pronunciation
  7. writing
  8. ninth
  9. acknowledge
  10. beautiful
  11. business
  12. misspell
  13. divide
  14. grammar
  15. bicycle
  16. Chinese (with capital letter)
  17. until
  18. potatoes
  19. strength
  20. disappear

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U  for@EnglishTips4U on Saturday, July 23, 2011


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#GrammarTrivia: Uncountable noun

“Countable noun” memiliki bentuk singular (tunggal) dan plural (jamak), sementara “uncountable noun” memiliki bentuk singular saja.

Kebanyakan noun (kata benda) termasuk dalam “countable noun”.

Contoh:

  • “a baby” (bentuk singular) – “babies” (bentuk jamak).

uncountable noun” merujuk pada benda yang tak bisa dihitung. Benda yang termasuk dalam kategori ini antara lain zat, cairan, gas, ide abstrak.

Contoh

  • (zat) paper, gold, rock;
  • (benda cair) water, oil;
  • (gas) smoke, oxygen;
  • (ide abstrak) music, money.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for@EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, July 12, 2011


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#BusEng: Business English verbs (1)

All questions are taken from: Business English Verbs by David Evans, published by Penguin English.

  1. Advise. “They advised us to go to another bank.” The Indonesian word for “advise” is …
  2. Assemble. “The cars are assembled at our factory.” The Indonesian word for “assemble” is …
  3. Auction. “They auctioned the painting today.” The Indonesian word for “auction” is …
  4. Bribe. “He bribed the customs officer.” The Indonesian word for “bribe” is …
  5. Confess. “I must confess – I didn’t think of that.” The Indonesian word for “confess” is …
  6. Defraud. “He defrauded his business partner.” The Indonesian word for “defraud” is …
  7. Endorse. “The French team is endorsing our car.” The Indonesian word for “endorse” is …
  8. Foot the bill. “We all had to foot the bill.” The Indonesian meaning of “foot the bill” is …
  9. Go on strike. “They went on strike for more pay.” The Indonesian meaning of “go on strike” is …
  10. Go short. “She went short on sterling.” The Indonesian meaning of “go short” is …

ANSWERs:

  1. advise = menyarankan.
  2. assemble = merakit (pasif: dirakit).
  3. auction = melelang.
  4. bribe = menyuap.
  5. confess = mengakui.
  6. defraud = menggelapkan uang.
  7. endorse = membiayai/mensponsori/menyokong.
  8. shoot the bill = membayar semua biaya/tagihan.
  9. go on strike = mogok (kerja).
  10. go short = kekurangan.

TRIVIA: The ending “-ise” and “-ize” in verbs such as “recognise” and “recognize” are both used in UK. However, “-ize” only used in US.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, July 11, 2011


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#TOEFL: Vocabulary exercise (2)

RULES:

  1. Choose the right synonym of the word in the brackets.
  2. Type the number of the question as you answer.

Let’s go!

The criminal was asked to aid police in their (enquiry).
A) interview
B) investigation
C) questions
The use of penicillin is (diffuse).
A) limited
B) widely available
C) increasing
He (pored over) the questions until he couldn’t keep his eyes open anymore.
A) asked
B) examined
C) memorized
You will find the building at the main (intersection).
A) ending
B) crossing
C) roundabout
He found the smell of the lotus blossom (repugnant), and asked for a different flower.
A) enjoyable
B) disgusting
C) delightful
His boss (streamlined) company procedures.
A) increased
B) made easier
C) lost
Uncertainty about the economy is (widespread).
A) limited
B) everywhere
C) decreased
His comments can be rather (harsh) at times.
A) pleasant
B) extreme
C) precise
The issue (touched off) an argument between the two parties.
A) ended
B) began
C) complicated
You’d better get a few (winks) before tomorrow.
A) dollars
B) sleep
C) friends

Compiled and written by @ for@ on Saturday, July 8, 2011


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#USSlang: American slang (2)

  1. Chillin‘ Meaning: spending time with friends.
    • Example:
      • Where are you going? | Just chillin’ at the mall.
  2. Dude. Meaning: a guy, a male.
    • Example:
      • Hey! Check this out, dude!
  3. Fab. Meaning: a short version of ‘fabulous.’
    • Example:
      • This Twitter account is so fab!
  4. Get it. Meaning: understand.
    • Example:
      • I don’t get it. Why did she have to do that?
  5. Bent. Meaning: angry.
    • Example:
      • I’m so bent, I can explode.
  6. Killer. Meaning: something great or extraordinary.
    • Example:
      • God! The band is a killer!
  7. To the max. Meaning: maximum.
    • Example:
      • Help! I am bored to the max.
  8. Quick and dirty: to do things fast, but not well.
    • Example:
      • Such a quick and dirty work you did. The boss hated it.
  9. Suck. Meaning: bad or unacceptable.
    • Example:
      • The movie sucks. It’s making me sleepy.
  10. Totally. Meaning: really or completely.
    • Example:
      • Their new song is totally awesome, man!

 

Compiled and written by  for  on Wednesday, July 6, 2011

 

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#EngGame: Talking about people

Rule of the game: please type the number of the question with your answer. There will be 10-15 questions. The topic is: People.

  1. Is the following sentence right or wrong? “This is Andy. He’s my elderly brother.”
  2. What do we call a person who works for someone else?
    • A) an employer
    • B) an employee
  3. She’s a very witty person. She’s …
    • A) clever with words
    • B) good with her hands
    • C) fit and strong
  4. Which of the following sentences is correct?
    • A) “She’s a very effective secretary.”
    • B) “She’s a very efficient secretary.”
  5. What do we call a person who causes damage and is noisy and violent in public places?
    • A) a hermit
    • B) a victim
    • C) a hooligan
  6. Which person is the ‘odd one out’?
    • A) widow
    • B) mother-in-law
    • C) uncle
    • D) fiancee
  7. Andrea is very stubborn. What is the synonym for ‘stubborn’?
    • A) strict
    • B) big-headed
    • C) obstinate
  8. Which person enjoys talking about other people’s private lives?
    • A) a neighbor
    • B) a gossip
    • C) an acquaintance
  9. Which of these adjectives have positive meanings?
    • affectionate,
    • bossy,
    • cheerful,
    • generous,
    • greedy,
    • mean,
    • reliable,
    • vain
  10. Which of the following is my brother’s son?
    • A) my nephew
    • B) my brother-in-law
    • C) my niece

ANSWER KEY:

  1. wrong. The right word should be “elder” as in “elder brother”.
  2. an employee. An employer is a person who gives you a job.
  3. A) clever with words.
  4. B) She’s a very efficient secretary.
  5. C) a hooligan.
  6. C) uncle. All others are female.
  7. C) obstinate.
  8. B) a gossip.
  9. Positive adjectives: affectionate, cheerful, generous, reliable.
  10. A) my nephew.

Compiled and written  by @ for@ on Thursday, June 30, 2011


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#TOEFL: Vocabulary exercise

Guys, ayo belajar vocabulary untuk persiapan TOEFL. Berikut ini beberapa kalimat dengan kata-kata yang ada di dalam tanda kurung. Pilih jawaban yang merupakan sinonim dari kata-kata di dalam  tersebut. Let’s start!

1. A rich kid was (abducted) yesterday. 
Rescued
Kidnapped
Killed
Betrayed 
2. What is the use of such a (barren) discussion. 
Arable
Verdant
Unfruitful
Fertile
3. The major (catalyst) in the English-language explosion was war. 
Stimulus
Catalog 
Castle
Catacomb
4. The actress’ (debut) on the stage was a success. 
First public performance
Acting 
Farewell party
Deceit
5. The vivacious little girl is like an (elf)
Apparition
Hobgoblin
Demon
Fairy
6. So much of life is merely a (farce)
Tragedy
Comedy
Mockery
Drama 
7. The fish in the dish was (garnished) with slices of lemon. 
Decorated
Diminished
Garnered
Garbled
8. She used to (harass) her husband by her continual demands for fine attire.
Entreat
Plead
Ask
Annoy; plague
9. The armistice brought an (immense) relief to the people.
Little
Unworthy
Enormous
Temporary
10. Don’t (joggle) me while I am writing.  
Haul
Hurl
Jerk
Shake slightly
11. The teacher gave the naughty boy a rap over the (knuckles)
Knells
Knockouts
Havoc
Joints around fingers
12. His (latent) talent was discovered by accident. 
Patent
Dynamic
Operative
Dormant
13. Do you believe that human nature is (malevolent)
Benevolent
Benign
Kind
Vicious
14. Inwara stuttering is the worst form of (nemesis). 
Reward
Just punishment
Meekness
Mystique
15. The patient was (obsessed) by the fear of operation.  
Detached
observed
Unconcerned
Preoccupied

 

Compiled and written by  for  on Monday, June 27, 2011

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#EngVocab: floors of a building

DYK? Di Inggris, lantai 1 sebuah gedung disebut ‘ground floor‘, lantai 2 disebut ‘first floor‘, lantai 3 disebut ‘second floor‘, dst.

Sementara di Amerika Serikat, lantai 1 sebuah gedung disebut ‘first floor‘, lantai 2 disebut ‘second floor‘, lantai 3 disebut ‘third floor’, dst.

Di Inggris maupun di Amerika Serikat, lantai paling atas sebuah gedung disebut ‘top floor‘.

Written by on June 24, 2011

#EngVocab: ‘A journey,’ ‘a trip,’ ‘a tour’

Do you know Apa perbedaan antara ‘a journey’, ‘a trip’, dan ‘a tour’?

A journeyadalah ketika kamu pergi dari satu tempat ke tempat lain, seperti dari tempat A ke B.

Contoh:

  • “My journey to work is always frustrating!”

A trip’ adalah ketika kamu pergi ke suatu tempat dengan singkat lalu kembali lagi.

Contoh:

  • “How was your business trip to Medan?”

‘A touradalah ketika kamu mengunjungi banyak tempat di dalam kota atau negara atau wilayah yang sama.

Contoh:

  • “The band will have a tour of Asia.”

Compiled and written by for  on Friday, June 23, 2011


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#EngTips: How to make and use flash cards

Adakah di antara kalian yang mempunyai adik kecil yang sedang belajar Bahasa Inggris dan memiliki kesulitan belajar kosakata baru? Kami punya beberapa tips yang dapat dipraktikan untuk mempermudah proses mereka belajar.

Dunia anak-anak (TK-SD) tidak jauh dari dunia bermain. Tak mengherankan jika metode belajar yang efektif untuk mereka belajar adalah dengan menyisipkan banyak unsur permainan.

Salah satu cara belajar vocabulary paling mudah dan efektif untuk anak-anak adalah dengan menggunakan flash cards atau kartu bergambar. Biasanya flash cards bisa dibeli di toko buku. Satu set katu tersebut berisi puluhan kartu dengan tema yang sama. Misalnya fruits, vegetables, foods, dll

Selain dengan membeli, flash cards bisa kita buat sendiri dengan cara:

  1. Tentukan satu tema.
  2. Buat list hal atau benda yang masuk dalam tema tersebut.
  3. Browse gambar di internet atau Google.
  4. Print gambar tersebut dan untuk mengirit kertas, kita bisa mencetak beberapa gambar pada satu lembar kertas saja.
  5. Alangkah baiknya flash cards yang kita buat hanya berupa gambar atau tanpa disertakan tulisan. Kartu tulisan sebaiknya dibuat terpisah.

Nah, flash cards sudah jadi. Bagaimana cara menggunakannya?

Cara sederhana untuk menghapalkan kata-kata adalah dengan menunjukkan kartu pada adik kita satu per satu dan minta ia mengucapkan (jika fokus pada speaking) atau menuliskan (jika fokus pada writing) hal atau benda yang ada di kartu.

Ulangi terus hingga ia bisa mengingat nama hal atau benda yang ada di kartu tersebut. Ada banyak game yang bisa dilakukan dengan menggunakan flash cards dan bisa diihat di sini link berikut ini: 

Oh iya, flash cards juga dapat diunduh dari internet dan digunakan oleh orang dewasa sebagai media untuk belajar. Selamat mencoba!

Compiled and written by  for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, June 23, 2011

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#BusEng: On the phone verbs

Let’s start from the basic. Masih suka bingung saat menggunakan telepon dalam Bahasa Inggris? Ini beberapa kata kerja/ verb untuk kamu:

  1. Put through. Meaning: sambungkan.
    • Example:
      • Hello, can I speak to Mr. A?
      • I’ll put you through to him.
  2. Connect. Meaning: sambungkan.
    • Example:
      • Hello, can I speak to Mr. A?
      • Please wait, I’ll connect you to him.
  3. Hold (on). Meaning: tunggu.
    • Example:
      • Hello, can I speak to Mr. A, please?
      • Please hold on a moment, Sir.
  4. Call/ring back. Meaning: menelepon kembali.
    • Example:
      • Hi, Liz. This is Ian.
      • Oh. Hi, Ian. Can you call/ ring me back? I’m in a meeting.
  5. Call/ring. Meaning: menelepon.
    • Example:
      • Hi, Liz. Where are you?
      • As soon as I get to the office, I will call/ring you.
  6. Leave a message. Meaning: meninggalkan pesan.
    • Example:
      • Hello, is that Ian?
      • Hello, Ian is not here. Please leave a message.
  7. Return (a call). Meaning: menelepon kembali.
    • Example:
      • Hello, is that Ian?
      • Ian is not here. Leave a message, he’ll return your call.
  8. Got (a message). Meaninng: sudah membaca atau menerima pesan.
    • Example:
      • Hi, Liz. This is Ian.
      • Hi, Ian. I got your message. Thanks.

Alright guys! Don’t forget to practice your vocabulary everyday, every time you have the chance. Good luck!

 

Written by @EnglishTips4U on Monday, June 20, 2011

 

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#USSlang: American slang

  1. 24/7. Meaning: all the time, always available, without a break.
    • Example:
      • The convenience store opens 24/7.
  2. Rookie. Meaning: a beginner; one who is new to a profession or field.
    • Example:
      • He’s a rookie in basketball.
  3. Not my cup of tea. Meaning: something not to your liking or you don’t like to do.
    • Example:
      • Art is not my cup of tea.
  4. Peace out. Meaning: a friendly way to say goodbye.
    • Example:
      • Peace out, guys. I’m logging out.
  5. Hit the road. Meaning: to leave; to go home.
    • Example:
      • It’s getting late, I’m gonna hit the road.
  6. Idiot box. Meaning: a television.
    • Example:
      • People usually waste their time staring at the idiot box the whole day.
  7. No-brainer. Meaning: something that is easy to do, requiring little effort.
    • Example:
      • Primary Maths is a no-brainer.
  8. Swag. Meaning: appearance, style, or the way he or she presents themselves.
    • Example:
      • Man, I love your swag!
  9. Screw up. Meaning: to make a major mistake.
    • Example:
      • He screwed up the whole relationship, so he ended up alone.
  10. Freak. Meaning: a social outcast or misfit; a strange person.
    • Example:
      • He has got no friends. What a freak.
  11. Gibberish. Meaning: speech that doesn’t make sense; nonsensical words and phrases.
    • Example:
      • Stop talking gibberish!

 

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, June 18, 2011.

 

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