Tag Archives: vocabulary

#WOTD: Touché

“I guess the grass is always greener on the other side. We can never compare with her.”
“The grass is always greener because it’s synthetic. I’d rather be myself than be fake.”
“Touché!”

This article is going to discuss an interjection, ‘touché.’ In Indonesian language, the word is comparable to, “Iya, juga, ya!” or, “Benar juga, ya!”

Fencing, a sport where the word ‘touché’ is used a lot. Image: Wikipedia

“Is ‘touché’ an English word?”
It’s a good question. ‘Touché’ is a passive form of French verb ‘toucher,’ which means ‘to touch.’ It has been adopted by English-speaking people with a slight change in its meaning and use.

Origin
In English, ‘touché’ is an expression acknowledging a clever response in a discussion or debate. Essentially, it’s another way of saying ‘well said.’ Rarely will we hear French-speaking people use ‘touché’ in this context.

In French, ‘touché’ as an expression is more commonly used in fencing. It’s to acknowledge that a contender has been hit by the rival. In everyday French conversation, ‘touché’ is used in the same context as ‘being moved.’

The use of ‘touché’ as an expression is believed to have started becoming popular in 1897. It’s pronounced ‘tuːˈʃeɪ.’

Usage in English
How do we use ‘touché’ in English? Generally, we use it whenever we are unable to counter an argument or a valid point. In the speechlessness, we can only admit that we don’t have a response by saying ‘touché.’

Other examples:
“I don’t eat junk food.”
“Really? You always have carbonated drinks with your meal, though. What’s the difference?”
“…touché.”

“I’m sorry, I can’t talk right now. Can I call you back once I get home?”
“But you said your place doesn’t have good reception.”
“Touché! All right, what’s wrong?”

“This song breaks my heart.”
“Wait, you have a heart?”
“Touché.”

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, 6 March 2021.

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#WOTD: PRODIGY

Did you know, fellas? Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart started composing when he was five. He was a musical prodigy.

On this article, we will discuss the word ‘prodigy.’

Photo by Gabby K on Pexels.com

A prodigy is a highly talented child, especially under the age of ten years old, who is capable of producing a meaningful output in a field which the child is interested in, in a level of an adult expert.

In the course of history, there are several different areas where a prodigy could be found: mathematics and science, arts, and sports, particularly chess.

Some researchers believe that prodigious talent tends to arise as a result of the innate talent of the child, and the energetic and emotional investment that the child ventures. Others believe that the environment plays the dominant role.

For example, a chess grandmaster might train their children starting at a very young age, resulting in an emotional investment of the children in the game. We also see how children of famous actors or performers tend to acquire the same talents as their parents’.

There could also be occasions where, even though the environment a child grows up in doesn’t necessarily provide support to the child’s development in specific areas, the child still becomes prodigious. Researches suggest that working memory and the cognitive function of the cerebellum are what makes a prodigal child. This theory is supported by brain imagery.

The term ‘prodigy’ itself initially only meant ‘an omen’ or ‘something extraordinary’ when it was first used in English around the 15th century. It came from the Latin word ‘prodigium.’ ‘Wunderkind’ is a German word (literally: wonder child) that is often used as a synonym to ‘prodigy.’

Aside of Mozart, prodigies we might be familiar with are Frédéric Chopin and Blaise Pascal.

“My mother said that I should finish high school and go to college first.” – Saul Kripke, an American philosopher and logician who is a prodigy, in a response to an invitation to apply for a teaching position at Harvard.

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 22 February 2021.

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#ENGKNOWLEDGE: MANY, MANY TYPES OF CITRUS FRUITS

Vitamin C is one of the most important nutrients to maintain our immune system, especially during rainy season. The first thing that comes into our mind when talking about vitamin C is probably an orange.

In Indonesian, oranges are often referred to as ‘jeruk,’ regardless of the species. There are jeruk purut, jeruk nipis, jeruk bali, jeruk keprok, jeruk mandarin, and many other types. However, these fruits go by different names in English. On this article, we will discuss the many, many types of citrus fruits, the genus which oranges are a part of.

1. Sweet orange (Citrus × sinensis)
This species is what we refer to as an orange. It is a hybrid of pomelo and mandarin orange. It is sweet, relatively easy to peel, and it has only a few seeds, if not seedless. It has a spherical shape.

Image source: Wikipedia

2. Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata)
A mandarin orange is generally smaller than a sweet orange. It has a sweeter and stronger flavour and is often less sour. The rind is easy to peel and the fruit is often flat on the pole (oblate).

Image source: Wikipedia

3. Pomelo (Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis)
The largest citrus fruit of the family Rutaceae. It is 15-25 cm in diameter and is a natural (non-hybrid) type. It is considered as the ancestor of grapefruit and many other hybrids. Native to Southeast Asia, a pomelo has a thick rind, which probably requires a knife to peel, and white or pinkish flesh. The one with white flesh is usually sweeter than the one with pinkish flesh. Inside the rind, there is a membrane that is chewy and bitter. It is what’s known in Indonesian as ‘jeruk bali.’

Image credit: Wikipedia

4. Grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi)
Grapefruit is a hybrid of sweet orange and pomelo. The colour of the flesh varies from pale yellow to dark pink. It is generally smaller than a pomelo, with 10-15 cm in diameter, more sour or bitter. Native to the Barbados, it grows in grape-like clusters, which is probably why it is named grapefruit.

Image source: Wikipedia
A grapefruit cluster. Image source: Wikipedia

5. Tangerine (Citrus x tangerina)
A hybrid of mandarin with some pomelo contributions, a tangerine shares a lot of mandarin features that sometimes it is hard to differentiate them. It is sweeter, smaller, and less-rounded than a sweet orange. When it is ripe, it could be slightly soft.

6. Clementine (Citrus × clementina)
Another one that carries a lot of mandarin orange traits is clementine. The exterior is glossy and the rind is easy to peel. Juicy and sweet, it is less acidic than a sweet orange. A clementine is generally smaller than a tangerine, thus earning it the commercial name ‘cuties.’

Image source: Wikipedia

7. Blood orange (Citrus × sinensis)
A blood orange is considered a natural mutation of a sweet orange, which is probably why it goes by the same Latin name. The flesh of this fruit is blood red and the taste is a mix of an orange and a raspberry. As it originated from Europe, it is hard to come by in Southeast Asia.

Image source: Wikipedia

8. Tangelo (Citrus × tangelo)
This variant got its name from tangerine and pomelo. Also known as honeybells, the fruit is juicy and has a tart and tangy taste.

Image source: Wikipedia

9. Bitter orange/Seville orange/sour orange/bigarade orange/marmalade orange (Citrus × aurantium)
Having sour and bitter taste, this type of citrus is rarely eaten fresh and is more commonly used in cooking or liqueur (a type of liquor that requires additional flavours from fruits, herbs, or nuts).

Image source: Wikipedia


10. Bergamot (Citrus bergamia)
Bergamot is a probable hybrid of lemon and bitter orange. It is the size of an orange with dark green to yellow exterior similar to a lime. The extract of bergamot is often used to add scent to food, perfume, and cosmetics.

Image source: Wikipedia

11. Yuzu/yuja (Citrus junos)
Yuzu (Japanese) or yuja (Korean) is native to East Asia. The fruit looks somewhat like a small grapefruit with an uneven skin, and can be either yellow or green depending on the degree of ripeness. It has various uses, from culinary to skincare. Have you ever heard of yuzu bath or yuja skincare?

12. Kumquat (Citrus japonica)
Kumquat closely resembles an orange in color and shape but is much smaller, being approximately the size of a large olive. The fruit is often eaten whole with its peel and sometimes is a part of a fruit salad.

Image source: Wikipedia

13. Citron (Citrus medica)
Citron is a large fragrant citrus fruit with a thick rind. It is one of three natural citrus fruits (the other two being mandarin and pomelo) from which all other citrus types developed through natural or artificial hybridisation. It has culinary and medical uses.

Image source: Wikipedia

14. Lemon (Citrus limon)
Lemon is native to South Asia, primarily Northeastern India. Lemon juice is used for culinary and non-culinary purposes throughout the world. The distinctive sour taste of lemon juice makes it a key ingredient in drinks and foods such as lemonade and lemon meringue pie.

15. Lime
There are several species of citrus trees that are called limes, including the Key lime (Citrus aurantiifolia), Persian lime, kaffir lime, and desert lime. Limes are sour and sometimes bitter, often used to accent the flavours of foods and beverages. In Indonesia, the most popular one is probably ‘jeruk sambal’ or ‘jeruk limau’ (Citrus amblycarpa), whose fruits and leaves are often used in condiments.

Source:
https://www.homestratosphere.com/types-of-citrus-fruits/
https://www.seriouseats.com/2018/01/know-your-citrus-a-field-guide-to-oranges-lemons-limes-and-beyond.html
Others are mentioned above.

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, 6 February 2021.

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#WOTD: RAMBUNCTIOUS

Our #WOTD for this article is ‘rambunctious.’ Having read it on various news portals, I found the word quite intriguing.

Firstly, I like how it sounds and how easy it is to remember. When I read the word for the first time, I thought it came from British English; it just sounded like it did.

As I looked into it further, the word is actually an informal American English word, which means exuberant, lively, cheerful, boisterous. Essentially, ‘rambunctious’ is used to describe someone or something that is overly-energetic and has a cheerful manner.

Photo by Emily Rose on Pexels.com

My guess about the word coming from British English was not entirely baseless, however, as there is another word that has similar meaning, ‘rumbustious,’ and the latter did come from British English.

According to Merriam-Webster, ‘rumbustious’ first appeared in Britain in 1700s. It was probably based on ‘robustious,’ which could mean both ‘robust’ and ‘boisterous.’

‘Rambunctious’ began gaining popularity in the United States by 1830. At that time, the States was a fast-growing nation that encouraged the coinage of some new words and terms that represent the nation’s optimism and exuberance.

Example of ‘rambunctious’ in a sentence:
“Bali beaches are packed with rambunctious people every weekend.”
“The rambunctious puppies apparently chewed on one of my shoes last night.”

On the same note, ‘rambunctious’ could also carry a meaning of being too full of energy that we become noisy and unruly.

Example:
“Rambunctious concert-goers caused injuries to their peers as they pushed each other to get closer to the stage.”

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 4 February 2021.

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#WOTD: Gesticulative

#WOTD: GESTICULATIVE

Fellas, have you ever lost words in the middle of a sentence and decided to use your hands to deliver the message instead? Or have you ever met someone who moves their hands a lot while talking?

In English, we have a word to describe that type of person, ‘gesticulative.’

Photo by u795d u9e64u69d0 on Pexels.com

The word ‘gesticulative’ came from late Middle English ‘gesture,’ which came from medieval Latin ‘gestura,’ which we can trace back to Latin ‘gerere,’ that means ‘bear, wield, perform.’ Hence, ‘gesture’ means ‘the use of posture and bodily movements for effect in oratory.’

Most English speakers would opt for the verb ‘to gesticulate’ or the noun ‘gesticulation,’ which is probably why it is hard to find the definition of ‘gesticulative.’

Examples:
“He gesticulated a lot during the debate.”
“Her gesticulation is more effective than words.”

Another similar word, which is also an adjective, is ‘gesticulatory.’ Both ‘gesticulative’ and ‘gesticulatory’ mean ‘of or relating to a gesticulation.’

Example:
“He didn’t say much, not with words, at least. It was quite a gesticulative/gesticulatory conversation.”
“Pardon me for being gesticulative; I was too nervous during the speech.”

Now that we have the word ‘gesticulative’ as an addition to our vocabulary, try using it on our everyday conversation to get more familiar with it.

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 25 January 2021.

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#ENGVOCAB: POPULAR INTERNET TERMS AS OF JANUARY 2021 T-Z

Hello, everyone! This article is to the last one of our series on popular internet terms as of January 2021. Here are the previous articles on the series in case you missed it: PART 1PART 2PART 3, PART 4

REMINDER: Most of these terms are slang and SHOULD ONLY be used in an informal interaction.

  1. That’s a you problem (phrase)
    Meaning: an informal way of saying ‘that’s your problem.’
    Example:
    “I’m telling the truth and I have witnesses. If you don’t believe me, I think that’s a you problem.”
  2. That’s just me (phrase)
    Meaning: an informal way of saying ‘that’s just my opinion.’
    Example:
    “I don’t think it’s right to meet up and hang out now, but that’s just me.”
  3. Thicc (adjective)
    Meaning: curvy, slightly overweight.
    Example:
    “I feel like I’d rather be thicc than being underweight.”
  4. This could have been an email (phrase)
    Meaning: of a professional gathering that seems to be a waste of time.
    Example:
    “This whole meeting could have been an email.”
  5. This isn’t even my final form (phrase)
    Meaning: ‘I can improve or do better than this.’ Originated from Songoku’s or any Saiyan’s transformation to a Super Saiyan in the Dragon Ball franchise.
    Example:
    “Wait, wait, wait, this isn’t even my final form. You will be shocked.”
Credit: Meme Generator

  1. Three much (adjective, adverb)
    Meaning: more exaggerated than ‘too much.’
    Example:
    “Girl, you are really three much! Stop making a fuss.”
  2. Throw someone under the bus (phrase)
    Meaning: to betray someone.
    It gained popularity because of the movie Mean Girls (2004) despite not being actually said on the movie and despite having been coined a long time before the movie was released.
    Example:
    “How do you expect to have loyal friends if you constantly throw them under the bus?”
  3. Tiny (adjective)
    Meaning: someone or something being small and cute.
    Example:
    “She’s adorable when she speaks in tiny voice.”
  4. Toxic (adjective)
    Meaning: of an environment or a person’s behaviour that could be detrimental to someone’s mental health.
    Example:
    A: “Why did you deactivate your Instagram account?”
    B: “No specific reason; I just think it’s become toxic.”
  5. Trigger (noun)
    Meaning: something that could potentially upset someone, especially someone with mental health issues.
    Triggering (adjective)
    Meaning: upsetting.
    Triggered (adjective)
    Meaning: getting upset or worked up by something.
    Example:
    “Don’t show her this; it could trigger her.”
  6. Unbothered (adjective)
    Meaning: of someone not being affected by something negative said about them.
    Example:
    “Despite the rumours, she remains unbothered.”
  7. Unpopular opinion (noun)
    Meaning: an opinion that is different to the opinion of the general public, sometimes controversial.
    Example:
    “Unpopular opinion: working overtime is not something we should glorify.”
  8. Uwu (expression)
    Meaning: a written version of this smiley (◡ ω ◡). Nowadays, it’s also said as a response to something adorable.
    Example:
    “I just found out that Benedict Cumberbatch didn’t know how to pronounce ‘penguin.’ I’m uwu-ing so hard right now.”
  9. We stan (phrase)
    Meaning: we support.
    Example:
    “Michelle Obama is so inspirational. We stan an intelligent woman.”
Credit: Pinterest.

  1. Weird flex, but ok (expression)
    Meaning: a reaction we give to other people who act over the top or outlandishly.
    Example:
    A: “Yes, I won 500 Candy Crush levels, all with three stars!”
    B: “Weird flex, but ok.”
  2. Whipped (adjective)
    Meaning: being obsessed or controlled, often used on someone dominated by their significant other.
    Example:
    “Getting home right after work instead of out drinking with your friends is not being whipped. It means you prioritise your family and health.”
  3. Who hurt you? (expression)
    Meaning: a question we ask to someone who seems to be unreasonably upset.
    Example:
    “Did you really fight with a shop assistant just because they ask you to wear a mask? Really, who hurt you?”
  4. Wholesome (adjective)
    Meaning: heartwarming or feel-good.
    Example:
    “During my lunch break, I often look at some wholesome memes. They always cheer me up.”
  5. Wifey (noun)
    Meaning: an affectionate term for a husband to refer to his wife.
    Example:
    “Wifey got mad at me for leaving the front door unlocked.”
  6. Wild (adjective)
    Meaning: exaggerated, extreme, over-the-top, unusual.
    Example:
    “This mukbang with living animals is so wild. I can’t watch it.”
  7. Yeah, right (expression)
    Meaning: a double positive words that somehow carries a negative, sarcastic tone.
    Example:
    “You said you didn’t study but you still got an A on the math quiz. Yeah, right.”
  8. Yee to one’s haw (noun)
    Meaning: something or someone that makes us feel complete.
    Example:
    “Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture is the yee to my haw. It’s a piece that can cheer me up anytime.”
  9. Yeet (expression, verb)
    Meaning: an expression that was initially used to show excitement, approval, or surprise, but is now also used as an informal version of ‘to throw something away.”
    Example:
    “He accidentally yeeted his phone out of the window on the second floor.”
  10. Zen (adjective)
    Meaning: a peaceful and relaxed feeling.
    Example:
    “My zen side was tested during the entire 2020.”

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, 16 January 2021.

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#EngVocab: Popular Internet Terms as of January 2021 P-T

#ENGVOCAB: POPULAR INTERNET TERMS AS OF JANUARY 2021 P-T

Hello, everyone! This article is to continue our series on popular internet terms as of January 2021. Here are the previous articles on the series in case you missed it: PART 1PART 2, PART 3

REMINDER: Most of these terms are slang and SHOULD ONLY be used in an informal interaction.

  1. Protec, attac… (phrase)
    Meaning: the intentionally misspelled version of ‘he protects, but he also attacks,’ accompanied with the third phrase that rhymes with both words.
    Example:
    He protec, he attac, but most importantly, he wants some snac.
  2. Pumped (adjective)
    Meaning: excited.
    Example:
    “I’m so pumped to get 1,000 subscribers.”
  3. Reality check (phrase)
    Meaning: a phrase to use to bring someone back to reality.
    Example:
    “Yes, some of us do make less than Rp 20,000 a day that we can’t barely afford decent clothes and housing. I bet it’s a reality check for you.”
  4. Receipt (noun)
    Meaning: a proof of a scandal, a claim, or an accusation.
    Example:
    “Do you want me to dig up some receipts? I’m sure there’ll be plenty on the internet.”
  5. Relatable (adjective)
    Meaning: a state of something that we can relate to, something we can understand, or something that can make us say, “It’s so me.”
    Example:
    “This quote is so relatable.”
Credit: @tinybuddha on Twitter

  1. Rn (adverb)
    Meaning: short of ‘right now.’
    Example:
    “This song is so beautiful. I’m dying rn.”
  2. Sadboi/sadgirl (noun)
    Meaning: someone who is being very open about their emotions that are usually related to a complicated love life.
    Example:
    “He’s just being a sadboi right now, always emotional.”
  3. Sassy (adjective)
    Meaning: of someone, usually a woman or a girl or those identify as such, to be unapologetically bold.
    Example:
    “Sassy remarks are to be expected from her. Be prepared.”
  4. Screen-capture (verb, noun)
    Meaning: to capture a screen where a piece of important information is shown.
    Example:
    “I have screen-captured this conversation. Just in case.”
  5. Serving (verb)
    Meaning: providing a good look, good internet posts/contents, or good artistic material.
    Example:
    “He’s been serving us a lot of behind-the-scene from his latest movie.”
  6. Shaking/quaking (verb)
    Meaning: someone or something is possibly intimidated by someone’s hidden ability or talent.
    Example:
    A: “Your acting skill is top notch. Hollywood is shaking.”
    B: “You’re being sarcastic.”
  7. Shameless plug (noun)
    Meaning: an improperly placed promotion or advertisement.
    Example:
    “His promoting his YouTube channel on a natural-disaster-related Instagram post feels like a shameless plug to me.”
  8. Share one braincell (phrase)
    Meaning: two or more people doing something silly or ridiculous together.
    Example:
    “My classmates and I shared one braincell during the exam. We literally had no idea what we were doing.”
  9. S**t hits the fan (phrase)
    Meaning: something bad happens.
    Example:
    “She always does controversial things, but when s**t hits the fan, she momentarily disappears from social media.”
  10. Sike (expression)
    Meaning: an incorrect spelling of the slang ‘psych’ that was popular in 1990s. It’s similar to adding ‘not’ or ‘no’ at the end of a sentence to imply sarcasm or a joke.
    Example:
    “You look good with that platinum blonde hair… Sike.”
  11. Simp (noun, verb)
    Meaning: an insult for a male follower who is obsessed with and desperate to get the attention of a female social media celebrity.
    Example:
    “You bought her bath water? D**n, I didn’t know you were such a simp.”
  12. Sketchy (adjective)
    Meaning: untrustworthy, disreputable, suspicious.
    Example:
    “This website seems sketchy to me. Are you sure it’s not a scam?”
  13. Slay (verb)
    Meaning: to greatly impress.
    Example:
    “Mariah Carey slays with her ‘All I Want for Christmas Is You.'”
  14. Sleep with one eye open (phrase)
    Meaning: to live in fear.
    Example:
    “I sleep with one eye open thanks to my overbearing boss.”
  15. Smol (adjective)
    Meaning: a cute way to say ‘small.’
    Example:
    “Look at this smol puppy.”
A smol puppy. Credit: @smoldogpics on Twitter.

  1. Snap (verb)
    Meaning: to do something agressively or to do something greatly.
    Example:
    “Ariana Grande snapped with her ‘Thank You, Next.'”
  2. Snatch/steal someone’s wig (phrase)
    Meaning: to steal the show or to humiliate someone publicly, giving the same embarrassment to the target as literally taking off their wig.
    Example:
    “I sincerely apologise for snatching your wig, but this is what happens when you badmouth me.”
  3. So done (adjective)
    Meaning: tired, bored.
    Example:
    “I’m so done with your antics. Can you go disturb someone else?”
  4. Soft (adjective)
    Meaning: moved, touched.
    Example:
    “The interaction between Keanu Reeves and his fans makes me soft.”
  5. Sploot (verb, noun)
    Meaning: for a pet to lie flat on a surface and stretch their back legs. A wordplay of ‘split.’
    Example:
    “As soon as we got back from the walk, my dog sploot and smiled widely.”
  6. Sure, Jan (expression)
    Meaning: something we say when we know someone is lying right to our face. Taken from the movie A Very Brady Sequel (1996).
    Example:
    “So you left me on read because your phone died? Sure, Jan.”
  7. (Kinda) sus (adjective)
    Meaning: (kind of) suspicious.
    Example:
    “Do you trust her story? It seems kinda sus.”
  8. Take the heat (phrase)
    Meaning: to withstand disapproval or controversies.
    Example:
    “She always causes drama, but when she gets confronted, she’s unable to take the heat herself.”
  9. Thank you, next (expression)
    Meaning: the title of Ariana Grande’s 2018 hit single. Nowadays, it’s used to express that someone wants to move on from a hurtful experience.
    Example:
    “The last thing I want is to have my ex back into my life. Thank you, next!”
  10. That didn’t age well (phrase)
    Meaning: of someone or something that has a negative ending despite a promising start.
    Example:
    “That actor was selected as one of the first people to get vaccinated, but he went straight into a party afterwards. That surely didn’t age well.”

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, 16 January 2021.

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#ENGVOCAB: POPULAR INTERNET TERMS AS OF JANUARY 2021 I-P

Hello, everyone! This article is to continue our series on popular internet terms as of January 2021. Here are the previous articles on the series in case you missed it: PART 1, PART 2

REMINDER: Most of these terms are slang and SHOULD ONLY be used in an informal interaction.

  1. I- (expression)
    Meaning: an expression that represent speechlessness. Often comes in its variation ‘I cannot,’ ‘I can’t’ or ‘I can’t even.’
    Example:
    “I just got a notification that I won a giveaway. I-“
  2. In Spain, but without ‘s’ (expression).
    Meaning: being in pain.
    Example:
    “Her crush didn’t want to go out with her. She is in Spain, but without ‘s’ right now.”
  3. In this economy? (phrase)
    Meaning: we cannot carry out something because it’s a financial burden.
    Example:
    “Buying the latest phone? In this economy?”
  4. Influencer (noun)
    Meaning: an internet celebrity who can possibly influence other people’s opinion or decision. Nowadays, it generally refers to someone who was relatively unknown but gradually became famous as they gained huge following on social media.
    Example:
    “Yet another influencer throwing a party in the middle of a worldwide pandemic. Are they for real?”
  5. Instant regret (phrase)
    Meaning: a regretful feeling that comes instantly after saying something, making a wrong decision, or doing something wrong.
    Example:
    “I bought this phone on a flash sale, but I didn’t know that it didn’t support dual SIM cards. Talk about an instant regret.”
  6. Irl (phrase)
    Meaning: the abbreviation of ‘in real life,’ distinguishing our life on and off the internet.
    Example:
    “I imagine she’s not as sassy irl, but that’s just me.”
  7. Issa (phrase)
    Meaning: a slang for ‘is a’ or ‘it is a.’
    Example:
    “The football match issa fire.”
  8. Karen (noun)
    Meaning: a pejorative term for women seeming to be entitled or demanding beyond the scope of what is normal.
    Example:
    “I just saw a Karen arguing with a shop assistant who advised her to wear a mask.”

  1. Leave one on read (phrase)
    Meaning: to leave a message on read and not send any responses.
    Example:
    “She leaves you on read all the time, man. I think it’s time you take the hint.”
  2. …lives in one’s head rent free (phrase)
    Meaning: of someone not being able to forget or move on from someone else or something.
    Example:
    “His remarks live in your head rent free, but you should know he said that as a joke.”
  3. Lost it (phrase)
    Meaning: losing one’s temper or not being able to control oneself.
    Example:
    “When he started raising his voice, I lost it.”
  4. Love that for you (phrase)
    Meaning: ‘I’m happy for you,’ sometimes used in a sarcastic tone.
    Example:
    A: “I got this LV knockoff for $200.”
    B: “Love that for you.”
  5. Lowkey (adverb)
    Meaning: secretly.
    Example:
    “I lowkey want to travel but I don’t want to spread the virus.”
  6. Make it make sense (phrase)
    Meaning: make something clear, transparent, or comprehensible.
    Example:
    “So, you want to travel in the middle of a pandemic? Make it make sense.”
  7. Make no mistake (phrase)
    Meaning: ‘do not be mistaken.’
    Example:
    “Make no mistake, she’ll also be 10 minutes late to this meeting.”
  8. Mess (noun)
    Meaning: a problem, a complicated situation.
    Example:
    “That mess is gonna be hard to clean up, especially since a lot of netizen have apparently screen-captured their Instagram stories.”
  9. Miss me with that (nonsense) (phrase)
    Meaning: another way of saying ‘I don’t believe you’ or ‘I don’t buy your excuses.’
    Example:
    “You were being honest? Miss me with that nonsense. I knew you’ve been texting other girls.”
  10. Mom, come pick me up, I’m scared (phrase)
    Meaning: an expression to use when we see something scary on the internet. Originated from a scene in the movie Mean Girls (2004).
    Example:
    “Aaarrgghh, I can’t watch this horror movie trailer. Mom, come pick me up, I’m scared!”
  11. Mood (noun)
    Meaning: a representation of our current state or feelings.
    Example:
    “This lazy cat is such a mood.”
Picture credit: Pinterest

  1. Mukbang (noun)
    Meaning: an eating broadcast originated from South Korea to accompany those who live and eat alone. A currently popular theme for a YouTube content.
    Example:
    “How do people do mukbang and stay healthy? I’m honestly curious.”
  2. …never gets old (phrase)
    Meaning: something is never boring.
    Example:
    “This joke never gets old.”
  3. No one, literally no one (expression)
    Meaning: a reaction we give to something unexpected.
    Example:
    No one: …
    Literally no one: …
    Disney: ruining Mulan’s live action.
  4. No s**t, Sherlock (expression)
    Meaning: a reaction to someone explaining something that’s a common fact or blatantly obvious. Example: “You eat junk food every day and now you’re complaining that you gained weight? No s**t, Sherlock.”
  5. Nothing to write home about (phrase)
    Meaning: not special or distinguished enough.
    Example:
    “Yeah, my YouTube channel is monetised, but it’s nothing to write home about, yet.”
  6. Nvm (expression)
    Meaning: a contraction of ‘never mind.’
    Example:
    “Nvm, I’ll just order pizza.”
  7. Ok, boomer (expression)
    Meaning: an expression commonly used by millennials and Gen-Z to mock baby-boomers and Gen-X for their outdated thinking.
    Example:
    “A woman’s place is in the kitchen. Yeah, right. Ok, boomer.”
  8. On fleek (adjective)
    Meaning: looking good, perfectly done, or just about right.
    Example:
    “My eyebrows are on fleek today.”
  9. People are sleeping on it (phrase)
    Meaning: people are ignoring a good content or a talented person.
    Example:
    “This song is moving, but people are sleeping on it. Wake up, people!”
  10. Period (expression)
    Meaning: a simplified way of saying ‘end of a discussion.’
    Example:
    “i was right, you were wrong. Period.”
  11. Petition to/for… (phrase)
    Meaning: a phrase to demand something to be done or someone to be treated in a certain way.
    Example:
    “Petition to Netflix to have all Lord of the Rings movies on its catalogue.”

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, 16 January 2021.

RELATED ARTICLE(S):
#EngVocab: Internet Slang
#EngVocab: New Words on Internet
#EngVocab: Popular Internet Terms as of Mid-2018
#EngVocab: Popular Internet Terms as of January 2021 A-C
#EngVocab: Popular Internet Terms as of January 2021 C-I

#ENGVOCAB: POPULAR INTERNET TERMS AS OF JANUARY 2021 C-I

Hello, everyone! This article is to continue our series on popular internet terms as of January 2021. Here is the first article on the series in case you missed it: PART 1

REMINDER: Most of these terms are slang and SHOULD ONLY be used in an informal interaction.

  1. Cuteness overload (phrase)
    Meaning: an overwhelming cuteness.
    Example:
    “Keanu Reeves playing with puppy is the definition of cuteness overload.”
  2. Cyber-bully (verb, noun)
    Meaning: to bully someone on the internet or someone who bullies another person on the internet.
    Example:
    “Jesy Nelson, a former member of Little Mix, was a victim of cyber-bullying.”
  3. Darn, dang (expression)
    Meaning: somewhat more polite versions of d*mn.
    Example:
    “Dang it, I lost the Wi-Fi connection.”
  4. Deplatform (verb)
    Meaning: to take away someone’s privilege of using a certain social media platform, usually after a series of dangerous, misleading, provocative, abusive, or life-threatening posts.
    Example:
    “I think Twitter did the right thing by deplatforming the president.”
  5. Did I stutter? (phrase)
    Meaning: ‘Do I need to repeat myself?’ or ‘Do I look like I’m kidding?’
    Example:
    A: “I want everything to be done by 5 PM today.”
    B: “But…”
    A: “Did I stutter?”
  6. Doomscrolling/doomsurfing (verb)
    Meaning: the act of consuming a large quantity of negative online news at once.
    Example:
    “Stop doomscrolling. It’s not good for your health.”
  7. Don’t @ me (phrase)
    Meaning: ‘Don’t tag me’ or ‘I don’t want to argue with you on this matter.’
    Example:
    “I like pineapple on my pizza. Don’t @ me.”
  8. Drama (noun)
    Meaning: any scandal or controversial event, sometimes steeming from a trivial argument.
    Example:
    “This influencers drama is giving me a headache. I think I’ll just unfollow them.”
  9. Drama queen (noun)
    Meaning: a gender-neutral term to refer to someone who is overly dramatic.
    Example:
    “Don’t be such a drama queen. You only lost a dozen of followers. So what?”
  10. Eboi/egirl (noun)
    Meaning: a popular internet boy or girl.
    Example:
    A: “Does playing online games a lot automatically make me an egirl?”
    B: “No, unless there is a horde of simps following all of your online activities.”
  11. Edgy (adjective)
    Meaning: daring, bold, and sometimes controversial.
    Example:
    “How to be edgy on social media 101: have an unpopular opinion.”
  12. Everybody gangsta until… (phrase)
    Meaning: everybody is emotionally strong and stable before they see something that could shake them.
    Example:
    “Everybody gangsta until they check their bank account.”
  13. Fake (adjective)
    Meaning: someone acting not as what they preach or advertise to be.
    Example:
    “Be careful of fake friends. They could always throw you under the bus.”
  14. Flex (verb, noun)
    Meaning: to show off or something that we can show off.
    Example:
    “I got an A on the math quiz. I’m gonna flex it on social media.”
  15. Flipping, freaking (adverb)
    Meaning: alternatives to f**king.
    Example:
    “She’s so freaking smart!”
  16. Flying wig/snatched wig (expression)
    Meaning: expressing surprise or shock.
    Example:
    “Things that fly: birds, planes, and our wigs.”
  17. Fr (adverb)
    Meaning: short of ‘for real,’ meaning ‘seriously.’
    Example:
    “You scared me just now, fr.”
  18. Get a life (phrase)
    Meaning: to start doing something meaningful in life.
    Example:
    “Bruh, stop scrolling through your ex’ Instagram posts and go get a life.”
  19. …gets me every time (phrase)
    Meaning: something gives us a strong feeling or emotion, no matter how old it is or how often we see or hear it.
    Example:
    “Queen’s Love of My Life gets me every time. It reminds me of my mother, who loved the song.”
  20. …gives me everything/gives me life (phrase)
    Meaning: something makes me happy.
    Example:
    “Stray Kids’ Hyunjin’s blonde hair gives me everything.”
Stray Kids’ Hwang Hyunjin with blonde hair. Picture credit: Koreaboo.

  1. Go off, sis (phrase)
    Meaning: a gender-neutral phrase to tell someone to express their feelings or emotions through ranting.
    Example:
    “I don’t think I did anything wrong, but yeah, go off, sis!”
  2. Gurl (noun)
    Meaning: an informal version of ‘girl,’ often used in an admonishing tone.
    Example:
    “Gurl, what is you doing?” (Yes, the grammatical error is often intentional).
  3. Happiness noise/happy … noises (phrase)
    Meaning: a phrase originated from a mid-sneeze husky meme. Used to describe joy.
    Example:
    “She squealed with happy girlie noises when she got a text back from her crush.”
  4. …has left the chat (phrase)
    Meaning: someone or something has disappeared.
    Example:
    “I just saw a gif of Stray Kids’ Felix. Now my soul has left the chat.”
  5. …has seen things (phrase)
    Meaning: someone or something has witnessed bad things happen, usually to the extent of getting traumatised.
    Example:
    “This cat has seen things.”
  6. Hecc (expression)
    Meaning: a somewhat more polite alternative to hck or hll.
    Example:
    “What the hecc is happening?”
  7. Henlo (expression)
    Meaning: a pet’s owner way of saying ‘hello.’
    Example:
    “Henlo, this is Coconut Rice Bear (a Samoyed that is popular on the internet).”
  8. Highkey (adverb)
    Meaning: obviously.
    Example:
    “In this day and age, I highkey want to stay at home as much as possible.”
  9. Hubby (noun)
    Meaning: an affectionate way for a wife to call her husband.
    Example:
    “Oh, my hubby calls. I’m sorry, can I get this? This must be important.”
  10. I’ll give you that/I’ll give it to you (phrase)
    Meaning: another way of saying ‘I’ll give you credits for it’ or ‘I applaud you for it.’
    Example:
    “You did finish your task on time, I’ll give it to you, but I think you can do better than this.”

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, 22 January 2021.

RELATED ARTICLE(S):
#EngVocab: Internet
#EngVocab: Internet Slang
#EngVocab: New Words on Internet
#EngVocab: Popular Internet Terms as of Mid-2018
#EngVocab: Popular Internet Terms as of January 2021 A-C

#ENGVOCAB: POPULAR INTERNET TERMS AS OF JANUARY 2021 A-C

Every now and again, we take a deep look into words that are commonly used by netizen (internet users) and compile them, because most of them are slang or have different meanings with their official meanings on the dictionary. You can have a look at our mid-2018 compilation HERE.

Here is our January 2021 compilation. Some of these terms may have been trendy before 2021 and some of them may have become less popular by now.

REMINDER: Most of these terms are slang and SHOULD ONLY be used in an informal interaction.

  1. 10 out of 10 would recommend (phrase)
    Meaning: something is so good and we would recommend it to other people.
    Example:
    “This sandwich is perfect. 10 out of 10 would recommend.”
  2. Adulting (verb, noun)
    Meaning: doing things that grown up people do.
    Example:
    “I want to go back to my youth and not worry about rent and stuff. Adulting sucks.”
  3. Aesthetic (adjective)
    Meaning: concerning beauty or the appreciation of beauty. Often typed as ‘a e s t h e t i c’ to give a dramatic effect.
    Example:
    A: “Why did you delete so many of your Instagram posts?”
    B: “I like to keep my feed aesthetic.”
  4. And I oop-/anna oop-/oof (phrase)
    Meaning: a phrase popularised by Jasmine Masters. Used in the same sense as ‘oops’, especially when reacting to other people’s mistakes or blunders. It’s also sometimes written ‘anna oop-‘ or ‘oof.’
    Example:
    A: “That celebrity went to a party right in the middle of a pandemic.”
    B: “And I oop-“
  5. …and stuff (phrase)
    Meaning: an informal way of saying ‘and everything (else)’ or ‘and so on.’
    Example:
    “With you getting upset and stuff, it’s so hard for me to tell the truth.”
  6. Angy (adjective)
    Meaning: a cute way to say ‘angry.’ Often goes as, “No talk me I’m angy.”
    Example:
    “He scares me when he angy.”

  1. Atm (adverb)
    Meaning: ‘at the moment.’ Not ‘authorised teller machine’ (ATM).
    Example:
    “I’m busy atm. Can I call you back later?”
  2. Badmouth (verb)
    Meaning: to speak ill about someone behind their back.
    Example:
    “I’m done with those who badmouthed me. Thank you, next!”
  3. Bebe (noun)
    Meaning: baby. From the French word ‘bébé’ with the same meaning.
    Example:
    “A bebe Samoyed (dog breed) looks like a stuffed bear.”
  4. Beef (noun, verb)
    Meaning: a problem, an argument, or a fight, or to argue or to fight, especially via the internet or social media platforms.
    Example:
    “Nicki Minaj and Cardi B were constantly beefing.”
  5. Be like (phrase)
    Meaning: an informal form of ‘to say’ or ‘to give a certain reaction.’
    Example:
    “I was like, ‘Why are you so obsessed with me?'” – Mariah Carey.
  6. Begpacker (noun)
    Meaning: a portmanteau of ‘beg’ and ‘backpacker,’ used to refer to a backpacker who travels without sufficient fund to what’s considered as a third world country, mostly in Southeast Asia, and then begs their way to fund the trip or the flight home.
    Example:
    “Read this The Guardian’s article on begpackers. It’s quite interesting.”
  7. Big … energy (phrase)
    Meaning: of someone or something radiating or exuding confidence or of someone or something having remarkable similarity to someone or something else.
    Example:
    “I feel like having big 90s boy band energy with my new haircut.”
  8. Bish (noun)
    Meaning: another version of the b-word.
    Example:
    “That’s right, bish, don’t mess with me.”
  9. Boop (verb, noun)
    Meaning: affectionately touching a dog’s nose.
    Example:
    “Who’s a good boi? Here’s a boop for you!”

  1. Bop (noun)
    Meaning: a good song.
    Example:
    “God’s Menu by Stray Kids is such a bop!”
  2. Brb dying (phrase)
    Meaning: ‘Be right back, I’m dying.’ Used in a joking manner to react to something of top quality or adorable.
    Example:
    “This Joker scene compilation from The Dark Knight (2008) is everything. Brb dying.”
  3. Bruh (noun, expression)
    Meaning: a new version of ‘bro,’ but used in a tone of surprise, shock, or disapproval.
    Example:
    A: “Bro, I’m so sorry, I accidentally stepped on your cat’s tail.”
    B: “Bruh, WTF. Is the cat okay?”
  4. Bye, Felicia (expression)
    Meaning: an expression from the movie Friday (1995), that means ‘to bid farewell to someone whom we dislike.’
    Example:
    “Alright, I gotta go now. Bye, Felicia!”
  5. Byelingual (adjective)
    Meaning: of a person who is bilingual but struggling with both languages.
    Example:
    “That moment when you mix up English and French… Byelingual!”
  6. Cancel culture (noun)
    Meaning: a situation when we stop supporting a company or a famous person due to their objectionable or offensive act.
    Example:
    “Cancel culture doesn’t work for her as she has a lot of fans who condone everything she says or does.”
  7. Cash grab (noun)
    Meaning: a product released by big corporations, often in a collaboration with celebrities or influencers, that is often overpriced but of average quality, underwhelming, or unnecessary.
    Example:
    “This lipstick is a cash grab; you can buy similar products from any brand with much cheaper price.”
  8. Catfish (noun, verb)
    Meaning: social media pictures or personas that do not match one’s real life, usually with the intention of deceiving or luring someone else into a relationship.
    Example:
    “I got catfished by that girl I met online. Our first meeting irl was so awkward because she looked nothing like her Instagram pictures.”
  9. Chef’s kiss (phrase)
    Meaning: referring to a chef who kisses their fingers after tasting a special cuisine. Nowadays, it is used to describe something that is perfectly done.
    Example:
    “A Star Is Born (2018) was excellent. Lady Gaga’s voice is just chef’s kiss.”
  10. Chile (expression)
    Meaning: chill, relax.
    Example:
    A: “I can’t believe that influencer stole your artwork and credited it as hers.”
    B: “Chile, I’ll ask her about it.”
  11. Choose your fighter (phrase)
    Meaning: to pick between two or more equally strong contenders, which can be people, pictures, memes, or anything else.
    Example:
    “Pineapple on pizza or fried chicken with chocolate sauce. Choose your fighter.”
  12. Clickbait (noun, verb)
    Meaning: a misleading or exaggerated title of an internet post, usually created to gain traffic or engagement.
    Example:
    “Some of his YouTube video titles are pure clickbait. They don’t represent the contents of the videos at all.”
  13. Content warning/trigger warning (noun)
    Meaning: a warning at the beginning of an internet content to inform the audience that the content could put someone in a distress. Often abbreviated as CW/TW.
    Example:
    “Content warning/trigger warning: containing domestic violence.”
  14. Covidiot (noun)
    Meaning: a person who ignores health protocols like refusing to wear a mask during COVID-19 pandemic.
    Example:
    “Don’t be such a Covidiot and put other people at risk. Wear your mask.”
  15. (Content) creator (noun)
    Meaning: someone who creates an internet content.
    Example:
    “When I asked my niece what her dream was, she said she wanted to be a YouTube content creator. I was shook.”

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, 16 January 2021.

RELATED ARTICLE(S):
#EngVocab: Internet
#EngVocab: Internet Slang
#EngVocab: New Words on Internet
#EngVocab: Popular Internet Terms as of Mid-2018
#USSlang: Internet Slang (2)

#ENGTRIVIA: ‘TO WAIT’ AND ‘TO AWAIT’

“I have been …-ing for two hours.”
Which word is the correct one to fill the blank, fellas? ‘Wait’ or ‘await’?

“I’m …-ing your response.”
‘Wait’ or ‘await’?

On this article, we are going to discuss the difference between ‘to wait’ and ‘to await’.

Essentially, ‘to await’ goes in line with ‘to wait for’. It requires an object. However, the object is often an inanimate object (Indonesian: benda mati).
For example, we can say:
“I’m awaiting a letter from my family.”
But we cannot say:
“I’m awaiting you.”

Meanwhile, it’s correct to say:
“I’m waiting for a letter from my family.”
Or:
“I’m waiting for you.”

Photo by Ju00c9SHOOTS on Pexels.com

You might be thinking, “But, isn’t the first example use ‘waiting for’?”

Keep in mind that the phrasal verb ‘to wait for’ can also be used to indicate the duration. So, ‘waiting for two hours’ doesn’t necessarily signify we are expecting those two hours to come.

Another difference is that ‘to await’ is considered more formal than ‘to wait for.’ For example, at the end of our work-related email, we could write, “I’m awaiting your response.” It has the same formality as, “I’m looking forward to hearing from you.”

The last but not least, we often find ‘to wait’ paired with other verbs in the same sentence.
Example:
“I’m waiting in line to board the plane now.”
There is the verb ‘to board’ aside of ‘to wait.’

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 21 December 2020.

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#ENGTALK: ‘LIKE’ AND ‘LITERALLY’, TWO OF THE MOST OVERUSED WORDS

“I feel like my whole body is aching. Like, it’s literally painful from head to toe. I’m literally dying right now. Like, I don’t even know how to like describe it.”

How do you feel about the previous passage, fellas?

I personally found it tiring, because we used so many ‘likes’ and ‘literally.’ Both words are what we call fad or trendy words and they still reign supreme until today. In fact, we might have been overusing them for maybe more than a decade.

Usually, a word became trendy or overused when there is a major event that introduced it, such as the Coronavirus pandemic. With such a worldwide impact, it’s a given that the words related to the pandemic are used a lot. ‘Lockdown,’ ‘social distancing,’ and ‘quarantine’ are amongst them. In Indonesia, we have ‘new normal’ and ‘health protocols.’

When the event is finished and the trend dies down, the initially overused words will also be used less. So, what is it about ‘like’ and ‘literally’ that we love using them so much?

Let’s start with ‘like.’ I observed that most people use it as a filler because they haven’t found the next word. It’s similar to ‘umm,’ ‘err,’ or ‘you know.’

How do we avoid using it? First, we should recognise that we are using it a lot.

I noticed that I used ‘like’ a lot when I was on online meetings. As I was not able to face my colleagues or show any hand movement to them, I felt as if I need to speak constantly to show that I was still active in the meeting. Since then, I’ve learned how to pause and arrange my thoughts before saying what I have to say. This could be done by writing down what I am going to say before the meeting starts. Not only will I make the meeting more effective, I can also deliver a clear message.

Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

Now, we move on to the second word, ‘literally.’ I think it’s becoming more and more unclear to us as to when we should use this word. For example, we might say, “I’m literally going to explode,” whilst we are nowhere near the possibility of an explosion. The reason we use ‘literally’ a lot is that because we are trying to find an intensifier or trying to exaggerate what we are saying but we are not sure of which word to use.

‘Literally’ is then often used alongside words with figurative meaning (Indonesian: makna kiasan), whereas it should be used to describe a literal state of something or someone.

Why do we need to be cautious with these words? Too many filler words or intensifiers will somehow weaken our points and bring about a difficulty to send our message across, especially in a professional environment.

Source:
https://mashable.com/2015/04/04/stop-saying-like/
https://www.forbes.com/sites/robasghar/2013/11/06/9-words-youre-literally-beating-to-death/?sh=5b00dff718ef

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 17 December 2020.

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#ENGQAS: ‘THROUGH’ AND ‘THROUGHOUT,’ ‘ACROSS’ AND ‘ALONG,’ FORMAL AND INFORMAL WORDS

If you have any questions regarding English learning, you can always send us by Twitter mention or DM with the hashtag #EngQAs. This article is to answer questions sent by one of our Twitter followers:

So, there are three questions which we will discuss one by one:
– the difference between ‘through’ and ‘throughout’
– the difference between ‘across’ and ‘along’
– the difference between formal and informal words.

‘Through’ and ‘throughout’

As a preposition, ‘through’ is mostly used to describe a movement into one side and out of the other side of something, e.g.: a tunnel, a door. It is also used to describe continuing towards a completion of something.

Example:
– “The photographers moved through the barriers to capture pictures of the march.”
– “I was halfway through Crash Landing on You when I started watching Sky Castle.”

‘Throughout’, which can also be used as a preposition, means in every part of something. Example:

There are other uses of ‘through’ and ‘throughout’ as adverbs (both ‘through’ and ‘throughout) and as an adjective (‘through’). You can find more on the dictionary.

‘Across’ and ‘along’

‘Across’ and ‘along’ are also prepositions.
‘Across’ means from one side to the other, e.g.: across the street.
‘Along’ means moving in a constant direction of a somewhat horizontal surface, e.g.: along the road.
Both words can also be used as adverbs.

Formal and informal words

Formal and informal words are such a wide topic to summarise in only one article. We have the following examples:
– ‘through’ (formal) and ‘thru’ (informal)
– ‘until’ (formal) and ’till’ (informal)
– ‘not to be’ (formal) and ‘ain’t’ (informal) etc.

The discussion can also widen to other words.
Examples:
– ‘rich’ (less formal) and ‘wealthy’ (more formal)
– ‘to ask’ (less formal) and ‘to enquire’ (more formal)
– ‘to say sorry’ (less formal) and ‘to apologise’ (more formal)
– ‘funny’ (less formal) and ‘humorous’ (more formal)

So, I would suggest enriching your vocabulary by reading more. Remember that even if the words are informal or less formal, that does not mean they are wrong. We can always use them in everyday conversation.

We have to be cautious, however, when writing an important essay or a work-related email, in which formal and professional language and diction are always required.

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, 24 October 2020.

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#ENGVOCAB: VARIOUS WAYS TO SAY ‘TO CRY’

This is such a time to be alive, fellas. Not only are we in a middle of a global pandemic and climate crisis, many people are struggling to make ends meet (to survive). Sometimes, it’s okay to take a break and sort out the emotions you are feeling.

Crying is one of some healthy ways to cope with stressful situations. However, it’s sometimes underrated because someone who cries is perceived as fragile or weak, whereas we know that expressing our emotions in a healthy way is actually a sign of strength.

Photo by burak kostak on Pexels.com

On this article are going to discuss several words we can use as an alternative of ‘to cry.’

1. To sob (terisak) = To shed tears audibly or sometimes noisily.

2. To weep/to shed tears (meneteskan air mata) = Usually used to describe someone who sheds tears quietly.

3. To wail (menangis sambil berteriak) = A cry caused by a deep pain, grief, and anger.

4. To bawl (menangis keras dan lama) = Typically more dramatic, more noisy, and lasting longer than sobbing.

5. To snivel (menangis pelan) = To cry and sniff in a feeble way.

6. To blubber (menangis tak terkendali) = To sob noisily and uncontrollably.

7. To squall (menangis keras, biasanya dilakukan bayi atau anak-anak) = Of a baby or a small child to cry noisily and continuously.

I hope you find this article useful. Having feelings or emotions is not wrong, fellas, and we could learn to handle them in a healthy way, as not to overwhelm us and the people around us. Stay safe and healthy!

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 8 October 2020.

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#ENGVOCAB: SIMILAR WORDS, DIFFERENT MEANINGS

There are similar words that have different meanings and they are often confused with one another. Raise your hands if you’ve ever mixed up ‘dateline’ and ‘deadline.’

Photo by Jordan Benton on Pexels.com

Here are some of them:

Bully and bullish

These two words might seem similar, but they actually have different meanings.
‘Bully’ is an action of or a person who is intimidating those who seem more vulnerable.
‘Bullish’ is of someone who has personal qualities that resemble a bull: strong, assertive, and confident.

Childish and childlike

‘Childish’ means having personal qualities like a child but in an immature context.
‘Childlike’ means similar to a child in an adorable and innocent way.

Dateline and deadline

Some of us might have used ‘dateline’ to describe the latest time by which something should be completed, whilst we should have used ‘deadline’ instead.
‘Dateline’ is a line at the head of a news article that shows the time and place of when and where the article was written.
‘Deadline’ is the latest time by which something should be completed.

Exhausted and exhaustive

‘Exhausted’ means tired, drained, or spent.
‘Exhaustive’ means thorough or detailed.

Fiend and friend

Ever heard of or read the word ‘fiend,’ fellas? It looks similar to ‘friend,’ right? It actually has a completely different meaning because a ‘fiend’ is an evil spirit or a demon.
A ‘friend’ is a companion.

Handy and handful

These two words came from the root ‘hand.’
Something is ‘handy’ if it is useful.
Something is ‘handful’ if it has the quantity that fills our hands.
Someone is ‘handful’ if they are difficult to deal with.

Invisible and invincible

Something is ‘invisible’ if it cannot be seen.
Something is ‘invincible’ if it cannot be defeated.

Vile and veil

‘Vile’ is of someone who is extremely unpleasant, morally bad, or wicked. ‘Vile’ is synonymous with ‘evil.’
‘Veil’ is a piece of clothing that covers the face, usually worn by a woman.

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 24 September 2020.

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#WOTD: Cast

Hi, fellas, how are you today? I hope your Monday went well.

Today, we are going to discuss the word ‘cast’ on #WOTD. What do you have in mind every time you read or hear this word, fellas?

For me, the word ‘cast’ is always associated with an actor or actress being chosen to play a specific role in a movie.

E.g.: “When I heard that Joaquin Phoenix was cast as the Joker, I really couldn’t wait to see the movie.”

Clapper

 

However, aside of that meaning, there are also other meaning of the word ‘cast.’ Let’s start on how it functions as a verb.

The verb ‘to cast’ means to set or throw something aside, especially with force.
E.g.: “He cast the newspaper aside when he found a misleading article written about him.”

It can also mean to cause a light or a shadow to appear on a certain surface.
E.g.: “The morning sun cast an orange shade over the empty field.”

‘To cast’ can also mean to shape or to mould something (usually of metal) in its molten form and let it cool until it becomes solid.
E.g.: “The ring was cast in Mordor.”

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If we ‘cast a look/glance/smile, etc.’ towards something, it means that we throw a look, a glance, a smile, etc. to a specific direction.
E.g.: “As she wasn’t prepared, she couldn’t help casting nervous glances towards her classmates during the quiz.”

There are also ‘to cast a vote,’ which means to vote, and ‘to cast a spell/curse,’ which means to put a spell or a curse on someone.

In past tense and participle tense, the word ‘cast’ retains its form. So, the past form, the participle form, and the passive form of ‘cast’ are still ‘cast.’

As a noun, ‘cast’ generally refers to an object made in a mould. For example, an accident just happened to someone causing his ankle to sprain, so he needs to wear a cast.

 

Written and compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 9 September 2019.


 

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#EngVocab: Eid al-Fitr Tradition

Hi, hello, fellas! How was your Eid al-Fitr holiday? Eid Mubarak for all of you who celebrated it.

While we are still in the festivities, I’d like to share some words related to Eid al-Fitr tradition in Indonesia.

architecture building city dawn
Photo by Indra Gunawan on Pexels.com

Mudik (Ina) = Homecoming trip (Eng)
A trip to our hometown that we usually do at the end of Ramadan.

Bermaaf-maafan (Ina) = forgiving one another (Eng)
It is believed that we should celebrate Eid al-Fitr with a clean mind, body, and soul, and forgiving one another is one way to achieve it.

Kemacetan panjang (Ina) = traffic congestion (Eng)
It is not exactly a tradition, but traffic congestion happens almost every year during homecoming. Luckily, the traffic and road condition have improved a lot this year.

Silaturahmi (Ina) = amity, tight friendship (Eng)
Refers to a close bond between two human beings who might or might not be related by blood.

Halalbihalal (Ina) = Gathering to ask for forgiveness (Eng)
An occasion when family or close friends gather to catch up with each other and ask/give forgiveness.

Ketupat (Ina) = Steamed rice cake wrapped in diamond-shaped palm leaves (Eng)
Similarly, we also have lontong (Ina) = steamed rice cake wrapped in banana leaves (Eng). Phew, quite a mouthful, isn’t it?

Opor ayam (Ina) = chicken braised in coconut milk (Eng)
One of the most popular dishes served during Eid al-Fitr celebration.

Rendang (Ina) = rendang (Eng)
This widely popular dish has been recognized by its own name, even when we are speaking English. We can also refer to it as meat simmered in spices and coconut milk.

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 18 June 2018.


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#EngVocab: Popular Internet Terms as of Mid-2018

Hi, fellas, how was your Monday? I was shook when I realized that we are halfway through 2018.

Does anyone recognize the word ‘shook’ that I used on the previous sentence? Have you ever read it before?

 

@catheramirez: ‘Surprise,’ ‘I can’t believe it.’

Q: @nadirantsy: Does shook have the same meaning with shocked? Same context?
A: Yes, but I think we should limit ‘shook’ to a relaxed, playful context. We don’t use it to express our sadness when hearing a bad news, for example.

 

‘Shook’ is one of the popular internet terms that we are going to discuss tonight. As languages are ever-evolving, these internet terms are actual English words whose meanings have changed over the years.

Here are some popular internet terms that are still used as of mid-2018:

Bamboozled
From the verb ‘to bamboozle’ (informal). It means to fool or cheat someone. It also means to confuse or perplex.
E.g.: “I’m bamboozled by the amount of retweets to my Twitter post.”

Boi/boye
A cute way to spell ‘boy.’ Usually used to a male dog.
E.g.: “Oh, you’re such a good boiiiiii…”

Burn
A reaction we gave when somebody has just been talked back to.
A: “Without the ugly in this world, there would be nothing beautiful.”
B: “Thank you for your sacrifice.”
C: “Burn!!”

Canceled
‘To cancel’ used to describe that an event would not take place OR a force negated another, but nowadays, netizen use ‘canceled’ to describe a dismissed or rejected person or idea.
E.g.: “If you don’t like my doggos, you will be canceled.”

Cringe and cringey
‘To cringe’ is to experience an inward shiver upon seeing or hearing something embarrassing. ‘Cringey’ is used as an adjective to describe something that causes somebody to cringe.
E.g.: “I cringed so hard when I watched her lip-synced performance. It was so cringey.”

Deceased
It was used to politely say that someone has passed away, but now, it is used to describe that something is really cool or awesome or funny that it takes our lives away.
E.g.: “OMG, my brother bought me tickets to a Rich Brian’s concert! I’m deceased!”

Doggo
Basically, it’s a cute way to say ‘dog.’
E.g.: “I just saw a super adorable, squishy, fluffy doggo.” insert crying face emojis

adorable animal beach canine
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

 

Extra
Something is ‘extra’ if it is done in an exaggerated, over-the-top way.
E.g.: “Rihanna’s outfit at the 2018’s Met Gala is so extra.”

Epic comeback
It used to describe a spectacular return of an artist, most of the time musicians, after a long hiatus. Now, it also means a witty (sometimes harsh) response to an insult.
A: “You’re so fat Thanos will have to snap his fingers twice.”
B: “Yeah, I’m fat, but you’re ugly. At least I can go on a diet.

Feels
All emotions mixed up: sadness, joy, envy, love, etc.
E.g.: “TVXQ’s comeback gave me all the feels.”

HMU
Stands for ‘hit me up,’ which means ‘contact me.’
E.g.: “HMU the next time you visit the city.”

Humblebrag
The act of bragging while appearing humble; the art of false modesty.
E.g.: “Who knew that constant vacations and holidays could be this exhausting?”

Lit
It used to describe the state of being drunk, but it is now used to express that something is exceptionally good.
E.g.: “The latest Arctic Monkey’s album was so lit it set my headphones on fire.”

Noob
A noob is a person who is inexperienced in a particular sphere or activity, especially computing or the use of the Internet. It came from the word ‘newbie.’ However, ‘newbie’ has a more positive connotation while ‘noob’ is intended as an insult.
A: “Hey guys, I’m kinda new here.“
B: “LOL, noob.”

Overproud
A reaction we gave when our nation or something originated from our nation is being talked about in a positive way.
A: “Did you know that an instant noodle brand from Indonesia was marketed worldwide?”
B: “Are you being overproud right now?”

Pwned
A gaming-style spelling of ‘owned,’ meaning being defeated badly.
E.g.: “Oh, snap, I was just pwned!”

Salty
Upset, angry, or bitter, after being made fun of or embarrassed. It can also be used to say that someone is mad.
E.g.: “Gosh, stop being so salty! You broke up with him; now it’s time to move on!”

Savage
Being ‘savage’ is saying or doing something harsh without a regard to the consequences.
A: “You’re so fat Thanos will have to snap his fingers twice.”
B: “Yeah, I’m fat, but you’re ugly. At least I can go on a diet.”
C: “Oooh, that was savage!”

Shady and throwing shade
Shady = suspicious
Throwing shade = talking bad about something or someone, without naming (but the audience knows anyway).
E.g.: “I think her last Instagram post was a shade thrown to me. I don’t know why she’s so shady.”

Shook
Originally, the word has a more serious connotation, as it means ’emotionally or physically disturbed.’ Nowadays, netizen use it as a playful way to say ‘surprised.’
E.g.: “She broke up with him? I’m shook!”

Stoked
It means being excited or euphoric.
E.g.: “When they told me I was on the team, I was stoked.”

Tea
A gossip or personal information belonging to someone else. The phrase ‘spill the tea’ is used the same way as ‘spill the bean’ is used, that is ‘to reveal an information that is supposed to be a secret.
E.g.: “The tea is exceptionally good today.”

Woke
Supposedly has the same meaning as ‘awaken,’ which is being enlightened, always in the know of everything that is happening in the world, more than anyone else.
E.g.: “I never consume any products coming from animals anymore. I guess I can say I’m woke.”

 

As what we always suggest, avoid using slang or internet terms in a formal interaction. If you befriend your employer or boss on social media, for example, both of you are still expected to converse formally. Any school assignments, essays, job applications, letter of recommendations, or business emails should be free from these terms either.

@kaonashily: instantly I feel ‘gaul’ knowing these ‘nowadays’ words.

@babygraace: I think salty isn’t just used when someone is being made fun or embarrassed.  E.g.: omg some people that watch my car vlogs literally get salty at me because I don’t put both my hands on the wheel!

Q: @sakurayujin: What about ‘shooketh?’
A: Even more surprised than ‘shook.’

 

Compiled and written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 11 June, 2018.


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