Tag Archives: vernacular

#EngClass: A glimpse of African American Vernacular English (AAVE)

Hi, fellas! Are you familiar with the term ‘ebonics’?

‘Ebonics’ refers to the term ‘African American English (AAE)’ or ‘African American Vernacular English (AAVE).’ And yes, African American means that this ‘ebonics’ or ‘AAE’ or ‘AAVE’ is used by African American people (atau orang negro).

Some people also call this language as ‘Black English‘ or ‘Black Vernacular English (BEV).’ But let’s call it ‘AAVE’ from now on.

The exact history of the origin of AAVE remains unknown. However, there are two hypotheses about the origin of AAVE. One is the ‘dialect hypothesis’ and the other is the ‘creole hypothesis.’

Dialect hypothesis

The dialect hypothesis is the belief that African slaves, upon arriving in the US, learned English incorrectly and these mistakes have been passed down through generations.

In other words, dialect hypothesis says that AAVE is just ‘bad English.’

Creole hypothesis

Creole hypothesis is the belief that modern AAVE is the result of a creole derived from English and various West African Languages. For those of you who are confused about creole. Here’s one example: bahasa Betawi is a creole derived from Melayu.

Hence, creole hypothesis beliefs that African American people adjusted the English language into their native tongue called AAVE.

That’s a glimpse of AAVE theory. Let’s jump into the examples now. Enjoy!

  1. AAVE: Sup | English: How are you?
  2. AAVE: Dope/dizzle | English: Good
  3. AAVE: Off da hook/hizzle/hizza | English: Very good
  4. AAVE: Whack/whizzle | English : bad
  5. AAVE: Peeps | English: People
  6. AAVE: Pimp’d up/pimp’d out | English:Well dressed
  7. AAVE: Phat/Fly | English: Good
  8. AAVE: Shortiez | English: Children
  9. AAVE: Chicken head/pigeon | English: Ugly woman
  10. AAVE: Check yo’ self | English: Watch what you say or watch what you are doing
  11. AAVE: Eat cake | English: Get lost
  12. AAVE: Bling-bling | English: Flash jewelry
  13. AAVE: Nasty | English: Not good
  14. AAVE: Get over | English: Take advantage
  15. AAVE: Krunk | English: Exciting

Compiled and written by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on Friday, August 24, 2012

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^MQ

#EngClass: “ain’t”

Ain’t’ sesungguhnya adalah contraction atau bentuk penyingkatan dari ‘am not,’ ‘is not,’ ‘are not,’ ‘has not,’ ‘have not.’ Di beberapa dialek, ‘ain’t’ juga singkatan dari ‘do not,’ ‘does not,’ ‘did not.’

Walaupun semakin banyak orang yang menggunakannya, perdebatan tentang ‘ain’t’ sebagai bentuk Bahasa Inggris yang benar secara gramatikal masih berlanjut. ‘Ain’t’ sering diasosiasikan sebagai Bahasa Inggris ‘orang yang tidak berpendidikan’ dan penggunaannya dihindari di lingkungan akademik.

‘Ain’t’ terutama sering digunakan di daerah Selatan Amerika Serikat, sebagai bagian dari ‘bahasa daerah’ di sana, atau disebut sebagai ‘vernacular.’

Walaupun dianggap Bahasa Inggris ‘tidak benar’, ‘ain’t’ sering digunakan sebagai lelucon atau untuk memberi kesan ‘down to earth’ pada penggunanya.

Contoh penggunaannya dalam kalimat:

  • I ain’t yours, you ain’t mine. (I’m not yours, you aren’t mine.)
  • She ain’t going to go. (She isn’t going to go.)
  • They ain’t heard the news yet. (They haven’t heard the news yet.)

 

Ain’t no

Sementara itu ‘ain’t no’ juga kerap digunakan dengan makna ‘isn’t + no‘ (sebagai ‘double negative‘).

Contoh kalimat dengan ‘ain’t no’:

  • There ain’t no sunshine. (There isn’t any sunshine.)

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, July 6, 2011

 

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^MQ