Tag Archives: Trivia

#EngVocab: Vocabulary with ‘-phobia’ as the suffix (2)

Tonight, I’m going to continue the #EngVocab which has ‘-phobia’ as the suffix. Let’s start it! :D

1. Ablutophobia

Meaning: fear of bathing, washing, or cleaning.

2. Agyrophobia

Meaning: fear of crossing the road.

3. Belonephobia

Meaning: fear of pins and needles.

4. Climacophobia

Meaning: fear of stairs, climbing, or of falling downstairs.

5. Consecotaleophobia

Meaning: fear of chopsticks.

6. Dipsophobia

Meaning: fear of drinking.

7. Enochlophobia

Meaning: fear of crowds.

8. Hippophobia

Meaning: fear of horses.

9. Ornithophobia

Meaning: fear of birds.

10. Porphyrophobia

Meaning: fear of the color purple.

Note: If you’re afraid of something, it doesn’t mean that you have the phobia. According to the American Psychiatric Association, a phobia means an irrational and excessive fear of an object or situation. So, don’t judge yourself too early about having the phobia because it’s one of mental disorder. :)

That’s all for tonight.

Compiled and written by @fabfebby at @EnglishTips4U on November 17, 2013

#EngVocab: Vocabularies with ‘-phobia’ as the suffix

Today I’m going to share some vocabularies which have ‘-phobia’ as the suffix. Are you excited for this, fellas? :D

Then, let’s start this today’s session! :D

1. Achluophobia

Meaning: fear of darkness.

2. Acrophobia

Meaning: fear of heights.

3. Arachnophobia

Meaning: fear of spiders.

4. Catoptrophobia

Meaning: fear of mirrors.

5. Dendrophobia

Meaning: fear of trees.

6. Frigophobia

Meaning: fear of becoming too cold or cold things.

7. Gephyrophobia

Meaning: fear of bridges.

8. Heliophobia

Meaning: fear of the sun.

9. Ichthyophobia

Meaning: fear of fish, including fear of eating fish, or fear of dead fish.

10. Leukophobia

Meaning: fear of the color white.

11. Papyrophobia

Meaning: fear of paper.

12. Xanthophobia

Meaning: fear of the colour yellow.

Note: If you’re afraid of something, it doesn’t mean that you have the phobia. Phobia means an extreme or irrational fear of something. So, don’t judge yourself too early about having the phobia, fellas. :)

That’s all for tonight. Cheerio! :)

Compiled and written by @fabfebby at @EnglishTips4U on November 03 , 2013

#WOTD: Procrastinate

Hello hello, fellas! Check out the next 4 conversations and lemme know whether you’ve ever experienced such situations. :D

Pernah ngalamin yang seperti ini?

Ibu: Kapan mow mulai belajar?
Anak: Ntar, bu!
*edisi menjelang ujian*

Kalau ini?

Mahasiswa A: Skripsi lo uda selesai blom?
Mahasiswa B: Buru-buru amat. Masih lama, masbro!
*edisi skripsi jamuran*

Atau ini?

Atasan: Kapan laporannya bakal selesai?
Staff: Ntar, boss!
*edisi tugas dianggurin*

Atau mungkin ini?

Cewe: Kapan mow ngajak aku ke rumah ortumu?
Cowo: Besok-besok aja yah, yang.
*edisi pacar galau*

What do you think, fellas? Apa kalian pernah ngalamin percakapan seperti 4 contoh di atas? I know I often do so. :P

4 contoh di atas nunjukkan sikap gemar menunda, and it’s called “Procrastinate” in English. This is what we’ll share in today’s #WOTD.

FYI, #WOTD stands for Word Of The Day, where we try to discuss and help you understand more about one particular word.

“Procrastinate” is a verb which means: to put off doing something, to postpone, or to delay needlessly. Bahasa kerennya… menunda-nunda.

To procrastinate is to voluntarily delay an intended course of action despite expecting to be worse off for the delay. (Piers Steel)

Some synonyms of “procrastinate”: hesitate, dally, postpone, stall, delay, to drag one’s feet, to play a waiting game.
Some antonyms of “procrastinate”: complete, expedite, hasten, hurry, push, accelarate, go ahead.

Example: People often procrastinate because we prefer to avoid negative emotions, and to delay stressful tasks.

The act of procrastinating or delaying a task to a later time  because it’s not fun or you’re being lazy is called “Procrastination”.

Example: Procrastination is the thief of time. (Edward Young)

Whereas “Procrastinator” is the person who likes to procrastinate and delay something, even when he/she’s not busy.

Example: Don’t expect to get anything done soon if you hand a task to a procrastinator.

And that’s a wrap for today’s #WOTD, fellas! Remember… Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today. Cheerio!

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 28, 2013

#EngTrivia: Native Speaker Grammar (2) feat @britmargo

Hi fellas, Happy Saturday! Hope your day has been great :)

So today I am going to share more #EngTrivia continuing what I shared last week

Besides grammar level is influenced by Education and Community someone is surrounded with or in it. Ignorancy and the “cool but not cool” use of English might be an effect to the grammar level you are in.

1. Ignorancy by meaning a person would ignore some grammar rules when using English language. Which is actually not a good thing at all.

2. “Cool but not cool” by using English in a sort of unusual way (hence the name) which could lead to misunderstandings actually.

What do you guys think? Do we ignore grammar and their use that much nowadays in general English Language usage?

Of course academic wise we cannot ignore them yet in general there is a tendency we do, right?

@ilhamansyah: I’m afraid to say, we actually do it :’)”

@Pin_nha: Yes, sometime”

@kaoshitam: i guess as long as it understandable and also not in formal forum. Its okay.”

@Verksies: English people do, it annoys me :(”

@bagusnaya: grammar is important, but it’s way more important in writing part, coz when you are speaking, people looks more at how well you deliver your meaning thru your speech, in which people who listen to you might ignore your grammar too”

Anyone care to share examples what these two situations are like? They do tend to happen around the speaking area doesn’t it?

@OwLuck: yes sometimes, many people dont use grammar properly, as long as it is understood each other. It’s finished. ”

@msnadrn: and it became a habit now.”

@Ruthlinda: NO!” So you think we are not ignoring grammar usage? How so?

@manggae: People tend to ignore their grammatical mistakes since they think that their sentences are understandable, and that’s enough.”

@Ruthlinda: mungkin bukan ‘ignore’ min, tp ‘ignorance’ :D banyak ko yg pengen belajar grammar tp belum terlalu paham jd salah2 gicuuu :’)”

@manggae: So they don’t wanna learn to use proper grammar. While in fact, grammar is also important to get other people understand.”

Any thoughts on how not to be ignorant in grammar? :) We have shared some before but what is your approach to it now? How to stop the ignorancy when it is vital not to be ignorant? :)

@germutaqin: read more books, watch more movie, use it daily. :)”

@Pin_nha: Study grammar and try to use grammatical when we talk everyday.”

@Electroboyzz: Addition: listen more to the song :)”

@ActiveEnglish_: If we don’t want to ‘learn’ (read: study) grammar, listen & read a lot. Those 2 are the most important inputs in language learning. One can’t expect to be automatically good at a certain language without enough exposure. Thus: listen & read!”

@dawannabe: realize that by ignoring grammar rules is not cool at all..”

I think the last tweet I quoted sums it up don’t you think?

As I said last week it goes back to you how far you are willing to learn :)

Thank you so much for your participation fellas :) Catch up for more tomorrow and eveyday :D

And for this #EngTrivia I would like to credit @britmargo and Shu again for the share on grammar levels :D

@straycatrenate: grammar is fun. Once you master it, you’ll get good mark in any test and more respect from your conversation partner.”

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on October 12, 2013

#EngTrivia: Native Speaker Grammar (1) feat @britmargo

Happy Saturday fellas :) How has your Indonesian Army Day been today?

Well I guess some of you might have flag ceremonies or ceremonies related to it today so hope you had fun :)

Ooooo that is always interesting :) “@ermarparass: I saw 5 Airplain in the blue sky ”

It used to be known as Hari ABRI and then becoming Hari TNI… :) @itsdeeeee

For today I have a short #EngTrivia for you all :)

Yesterday in my flat there is this interesting discussion about if native English speakers make mistakes with their grammar, hmmm

It was a conversation between two flatmates of mine, Shu and @britmargo last night

Su, who’s from China asked the question and @britmargo, from America answered it like this:

There are two sides that affect someone’s grammar, as in someone’s grammar level or way of using

1. First is EDUCATION

The education level of a person affects the richness of their grammar use.

For example, a university student’s grammar is most probably not the same as to someone who is in primary school.

If you find a university student’s dissertation made by a native speaker of course the grammar used is not the same as the grammar used by a high school pupil’s essay made by a native speaker.

Of course, as an Indonesian we might not have to fulfill all grammar aspects of a university student in England. So it goes back to you as a second language learner of English how far you want to go in learning English grammar.

In admin’s opinion, this is why English language university courses with heavy theory tend to ask high score of IELTS or TOEFL.

2. Secondly it is the COMMUNITY they are in

This includes where they live, their surrounding environment, how they grew up, where they work. It is also connected to their socio economy and class.

I just remembered as well, how media in London also have produced daily media according to this as well.Like The Sun using easier attractive grammar and Guardian using much richer possible much difficult grammar to some.

So what do fellas think about that? :)

:) “@demas_sasongko: not as scary as i thought then. but, i’ll keep myself improving in grammar. :)”

@nory_id88: no problem with that..how can someone being allowed to study in English country universities without mastering English..”

So English is a language and a hard one to learn, so if you want to master it, you better start learning/using it :) #EngTrivia

@auliaamnaa: practice makes perfect :)”

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on October 5, 2013

#EngTrivia #EngGame: Words, Names and Conditions of Weather

Afternoon dear fellas :) how’s your Saturday going?

Seems we are all having a mix day , eh? But no fear… we will have an exciting session which I hope you all will contribute in :)

By the way, what’s the weather like today in Indonesia?

Is it rainy? Windy? Sunny? Are you familiar with these words? What words are they?

@yadiiapry: So HOT.”

@cath_mw: cloudy.”

Can you mention the seasons that existed around the globe? Come share with us what you know in today’s #EngTrivia :)

Here is a clue: There are 4 seasons that are known to the world, can you guess them?

If you think there are more, mention us :D I am waiting for your answers and you might get an RT :)

So, the words I was stating before like rainy, windy are words or could also be

@amusukadiwija: Names of weather”

Or also can be

@CHRISTIANATAA: the weather condition”

Aaaand the four seasons areee

@yuukiiikoo: spring summer fall winter”

Or it could be also

@fauzixazhari: Spring, Autumn, Winter, and Summer.”

Haha this one is exceptional

@masyoza: spring, summer, autumn, winter.. and durian season :p”

In tropical climate of course.. “@Anindyasd: there are more tropical seasons; dry and wet season :D”

Tropical climate usually existed in countries across the equator like Indonesia

Here’s another question: do you think UK (North) and Australia (South) are now facing the same season?

@ditahersiyanti: I think not, bcs UK & AUS are located on the different side of earth, …”

@ditahersiyanti: UK is in the north & AUS is in the south, so faaar ._.”

@kinansahusainy: nope! UK is now facing the fall and I think Aussie is facing spring rn :)

Yes, interestingly even though there are 4 seasons in the UK and Australia, but they are not facing the same one at the same time

By the way… anyone knows what’s the difference between fall and autumn? Or are they the same? Share your opinion :)

@amusukadiwija: yes, autumn is used in British English, and fall is used in US English. Both autumn and fall have same meaning.”

@Anindyasd: Fall usually refers to what is happening in nature” this is also mentioned in “History of English in 10 Minutes”

Wow.. “@vioUul: they’re d same. Autumn’s commonly used in UK, while fall’s common for US. My friend’s baby named Autumn Brittannia ”

Wow you all have done so well in contributing the #EngTrivia :) Are you up for more questions? But this time in #EngGame form :)

The #EngGame would be guessing a weather related word in English or Indonesian depending on what I will be giving, anyone up for it? :)

So if I say Summer you have to state the Indonesian and if I say Salju you have to state the English word, okay fellas?

Best answers get RT! Ready, set, go!


1. Dingin

2. Winter

3. Fall/Autumn

4. Panas

5. Warm breeze

6. Windy

7. Sunny

8. Musim hujan

9. Sunny spell

10. Snow storm

11. Musim panas

12. Spring

13. Typhoon

14. Thunder Storm

15. Blizzard

16. Heatwave

17. Banjir

18. Gerimis

19. Hujan deras

20. Mendung

There you go fellas! Looking forward to your answers! Best answers get RT! See you in 20 minutes! :)





Wow great answers fellas! Will post the best answers now :) Here we go!

A1. Dingin is “@yuninaCARina: Cold”

A2. Winter is “@adeliameiditta: Musim dingin”

A3. Fall/Autumn is “@afifahandryn: Musim gugur”

A4. Panas is “@yoitsratna: Hot ”

A5. Warm breeze could be “@yuninaCARina: Sepoi sepoi” or “@n1nav: Angin (yang) hangat”

A6. Windy is “@addicTea: Berangin”

A7. Sunny is “@yuninaCARina: Cerah”

A8. Musim hujan is “@rullyyy : rainy season”

A9. Sunny spell is “@Kibaldinata: Kadang cerah, kadang ujan” or can be said “(ada) kemungkinan terang (disela-sela hujan/mendung)”

A10. Snow storm is “@morends: Badai salju. ”

A11. Musim panas is “@Mastinxian: Summer”

A12. Spring is “@masyoza: musim semi”

A13. Typhoon is “@amusukadiwija: Angin puyuh/topan”

A14. Thunder storm is”@MasRafa: Badai petir” or can be “badai (hujan) disertai petir”

A15. Blizzard is “@n1nav: Badai salju parahh” as it is a severe snow storm

A16. Heatwave is “@elisabet_hth: Panas terik” also can be “@masyoza: gelombang hawa panas”

A17. Banjir is “@LeeFirly: Flood

A18. Gerimis is “@fairandaS: Drizzle ”

A18. Also can be “@Alvando40: Light rain ”

A19. Hujan deras can be “@artyindart: Heavy rain ”

A19. Also “@Ara_Agnia: pouring rain”, this term is used a lot like: “It’s pouring outside.” = “Hujannya deras diluar.”

A19. Or use the idiom “@Electroboyzz: Raining cats and dogs”

A20. Mendung is “@IchsanBanjo: Cloudy” or Re: @anindittaaa mendung = gloomy bisa juga :) karena gloomy dan cloudy tidak ada bedanya namun gloomy cenderung ke keadaan sedangkan cloudy lebih ke jenis cuacanya

Well done fellas! You have all have done so great! Sorry i couldn’t RT all of you


No Winter in Australia?

@Farhanzii: But there’s no winter in Australia” <- Really? How so?

@karlinakuning: yaps, because it is in the tropical climate area :)” <- But those in the South Australia do have winter if I am not mistaken

@SimplyCheecky: sorry to jump in, but Australia does have winter, especially if you live in the southern part of Australia.”

So there is winter in Australia “@mdptyo: no winter in Australia? oh really? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_of_Australia#Snow … pic.twitter.com/vH41CLX9n7

@Farhanzii: Actually there’s a place in south-east australia. That have a winter. Especially south hemshire”


Hope it has made your Saturday fun and enjoyed this #EngTrivia #EngGame on weather words :) Hope it has been useful!


Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on September 14, 2013


#EngTrivia: Abbreviation

One fella asked

@cheesygreesy: Why “abbreviation” is such a long word?”

Abbreviation is quite interesting when it means “singkatan” tapi kok katanya panjang?

Note that, as wiki answers would say,

“Abbreviation, in itself, is not an abbreviation”

Abbreviation comes from brevis a Latin word meaning short.

So the word is long but it defines the shorten version of a name, word, title, and so on.

“Abbreviation is as long as it needs to be, so abbreviate it to abbr. When people create words, they don’t think about how the word physically represents or does not represent it’s definition.”

@ilhamansyah: so why dont Oxford or Cambridge use bravis, rather than abbreviation? It’s shorter, though :D”

It is isn’t it? Well maybe they want to have it differently :)

@ilhamansyah:yeah. I mean, the phrase coup d’État is French, in English people know ‘Coup’ instead of coupedation lol”

Well that’s it for the short #EngTrivia! I hope it has been useful :)


Wiki Answers




Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on September 7, 2013

#EngTrivia: Common grammar mistakes

Hi, fellas! Making a sentence in English sounds simple, but sometimes we misuse words because we hear others use them.

You may hear this often, but in this article, I’ll show you some of the most common grammar mistakes that you actually can avoid.

Let’s start!

  1. Homophones. Meaning: a homophone is a word that has the same sound as another word, but with a different spelling & meaning.
    • Example:
      • I can’t sea the error in this sentence.
  2. Dangling modifier.  Meaning: when the participle is not properly connected to the noun that it is modifying.
    • Example:
      • We ate the lunch that we had brought slowly.
      • It suggests that we brought a lunch slowly. To correct the meaning, move the adverb ‘slowly’ near ‘ate.’
  3. Historic/historical. Meaning: ‘historic’ means an important event; ‘historical’ means something that happened in the past.
  4. Affect/effect. Meaning: ‘affect’ is a verb; ‘effect’ is most often a noun.
    • Example:
      • Your ability to communicate will affect your social life.
      • They realize the effect of swimming.
  5. Commas. Meaning: a comma can change the entire meaning of a sentence. Use it wisely!
    • Example:
      • Let’s eat mother!
      • (You don’t really want to eat your own mother, right?)
  6. Misusing ‘literally.’ When you said, “I literally felt like falling to the bottom of the sea,” you didn’t really mean that, right?  You meant ‘metaphorically.’
  7. Using ‘irregardless.’ This word is always listed as ‘non-standard,’ because it’s meaningless.
  8. Using ‘that’ instead of ‘who.’ If you’re writing about people, always use ‘who.’
  9. Using ‘toward’ & ‘towards’ interchangeably. Both are correct, but the latter is British & the former is American. Which you choose depends on your audience.
  10. Fewer vs less. Use ‘fewer’ with things you can count and ‘less’ with quantities you can’t count.

Now… Do you have other common mistakes that people usually make?



Compiled and written by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on Friday, July 19, 2013

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#EngTrivia: Common mistakes and confusing words in English (3)

In this post, I’ll share a few pairs of words which might confuse you sometimes. We’ll see how one different or extra letter could make a huge change.

‘Aisle’ vs. ‘isle’

Aisle (n). Meaning: a passage between rows of seats, lorong, gang.

  • Example:
    • “Where can I find ketchup? They’re at the next aisle.”

Isle (n). Meaning: a small island, pulau kecil.

  • Example:
    • “He invited me to a new isle he just bought, but I dare not go.”


‘Along’ vs. ‘a long’

Along (prep). Meaning: Over the length of, di sepanjang.

  • Example:
    • “He held my hand as we walk along the beach.”

A long (Adj). Meaning: something of great length, panjang.

  • Example:
    • A long hair is hard to maintain.”

‘Bazaar’ vs. ‘bizzare’

Bazaar (n). Meaning: a market, pasar, pasar dadakan.

  • Example:
    • “The faculty held a bazaar last week and all the proceed will go to the poor.”

Bizarre (adj). Meaning: strange, odd, aneh.

  • Example:
    • “I found this bizarre tomato on the net last night.”



‘Breach’ vs. ‘breech’

Breach (v/n). Meaning: to break through, to break a rule, melanggar, menerobos, pelanggaran.

  • Example:
    • “Someone breached through the farm last night and stole a cow.”

Breech (n). Meaning: buttocks, rear part of a gun, bokong, lubang untuk mengisi peluru di senapan.


breach of contract

‘Cue’ vs. ‘queue’

Cue (n). Meaning: Signal, wooden rod, billiard stick, signal, tanda, tongkat billiard.

  • Example:
    • “Stay here and wait for my cue!”

Queue (n/v). Meaning: a line, to wait in line, antrian, mengantri.

  • Example:
    • “There’s a long queue outside the store, people are lining up for free phones.”




‘Envelop’ vs. ‘envelope’

Envelop (v). Meaning: to cover, to surround, menyelimuti, menyelubungi.

  • Example:
    • “The baby is enveloped in the green blanket to keep him warm.”

Envelope (n). Meaning: paper container for a letter, amplop.

  • Example:
    • “Someone left an plain envelope with some money inside. Whose could it be?”


‘Forbear’ vs. ‘forebear’

Forbear (v). Meaning: to refrain, to hold back, bersabar, menahan diri.

  • Example:
    • “You need to forbear crying until he leaves.”

Forebear (n). Meaning: ancestor, forefather, leluhur, nenek moyang.

  • Example:
    • “Our forebears are said to be sailors.”

‘Pole’ vs. ‘poll’

Pole (n). Meaning: a long piece of wood or iron, axis of a sphere, tongkat, kutub.

  • Example:
    • “The ice is melting at the North Pole due to global warming.”

Poll (n). Meaning: number of votes cast or recorded, jajak pendapat, pemilihan suara.

  • Example:
    • “A recent poll shows people are growing tired of the traffic jam in Jakarta.”

‘Sight’ vs. ‘site’

Sight (n). Meaning: the ability to see, a view, pengelihatan, pemandangan.

  • Example:
    • “The sight of his wife brought him back to reality.”

Site (n). Meaning: a location, tempat.

  • Example:
    • “Her job is to visit construction sites everyday.”

‘Storey’ vs. ‘story’

Storey (n). Meaning: Level or floor of building, tingkat, lantai.

  • Example:
    • “They’re building a new eight storey building right next to the mall.”

Story (n). http://twitpic.com/d6h92r Meaning: a tale, cerita, kisah.

  • Example:
    • “He changed his story when his wife questioned him.”

And that’s a wrap, fellas! I hope this #EngTrivia article could help sort out your confusion on those words.


Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on August 13, 2013


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#GrammarTrivia: singular noun vs. plural noun

Sebelum kita mulai sesi #GrammarTrivia, admin minta tolong terjemahkan kalimat ini ke bahasa Inggris:

“Aku cuma manusia biasa.” :)

Sesi #GrammarTriva ini terinspirasi dari beberapa bio yang admin baca hari ini. Kita akan belajar pentingnya hal-hal kecil. Small things matter. :)

So here’s the topic: singular noun vs. plural noun.

  • Singular noun = kata benda tunggal
  • Plural noun = kata benda jamak

English vs. bahasa Indonesia

Masih ingat bahasan tentang basic grammar #EngClas: understanding the basics of English grammar dan tentang beda klausa/clause (S+P) dalam bahasa Indonesia dan Inggris?

Selain clause, banyak hal yang berbeda antara bahasa Indonesia dan Inggris. Tidak terkecuali topik hari ini: singular vs. plural noun.

Kenapa perlu tau bedanya? Karena pemakaian bahasa ke dua (L2/ second language), sangat dipengaruhi oleh bahasa pertama (L1/ first language).

Bahasa Indonesia tidak mengenal bentuk kata benda jamak (plural noun). Contoh: ‘orang’ dengan jumlah atau lebih akan tetap = ‘orang’.

Sementara dalam bahasa Inggris, ada ‘singular noun’ dan ‘plural noun’. Orang dengan jumlah 1 = person; orang dengan jumlah lebih dari 1 = people.

Kadang karena kita belum terbiasa dengan bahasa Inggris, waktu kita memakai bahasa Inggris, kita masih berpikir dalam bahasa Indonesia.

@sisiliasesy: tp kan mengenal kt ulang sbg bntuk plural

Kata ulang sebagai bentuk plural tidak mengubah bentuk kata bendanya, berbeda dengan bahasa Inggris. Baca Kata Jamak dalam Bahasa Indonesia.

Contoh-contoh kesalahan penggunaannya

Maka itu akhirnya muncul kalimat-kalimat seperti:

  • I’m ordinary people
  • I’m music lovers
  • I’m a … fans
  • I’m a teachers

@fentyfent: harusnya ordinary person, music lover, I’m a… Fan, I’m a teacher bgtukan min?

Admin: yes, correct. :)

Aturan penggunaannya

Kalimat-kalimat tadi semuanya kurang tepat. Sekarang kita bahas cara/aturan pakai singular noun dan plural noun ya. :)

Bentuk singular dan plural dari noun cuma ada untuk countable noun (kata benda yang bisa dihitung). Baca #EngTips: types of nouns.

‘Singular noun’ (sesuai dengan namanya) dipakai untuk mengacu pada countable noun yang jumlahnya 1 (satu). Contoh: book, person, man.

‘Plural noun’ (sesuai dengan namanya) dipakai untuk mengacu pada countable noun yang jumlahnya lebih dari 1. Contoh: books, people, men.

Bagaimana cara ‘mengubah’ singular noun ke plural noun? Apa tinggal ditambah ‘-s/-es’ di belakangnya? Uniknya, tidak.

Regular vs. irregular plural countable noun

Ada 2 jenis ‘plural countable noun’: regular dan irregular.

  • Regular = perubahannya tinggal ditambah -s/-es. Contoh: books, boxes, countries.
  • Irregular = tidak. Contoh: people, men, children.

Kapan menggunakannya

Trus, kapan pakai singular noun/plural noun? Tergantung dari arti yang mau kita sampaikan. Dan jangan cuma mengandalkan kamus saja.

Karena bisa jadi di kamus (atau Google translate) ‘person’ dan ‘people’ terjemahannya sama-sama: ‘orang’. Jadi, kurang akurat kan?

So, what’s the English for “Aku cuma manusia biasa.”? Banyak yang sudah menjawab dengan tepat:

“I’m just an ordinary person.”

Sementara “I’m music lovers, I’m a … fans, I’m a teachers” seharusnya: “I’m a music lover, I’m a … fan, I’m a teacher”.

Gimana? Gampang banget kan topik hari ini ‘singular vs. plural noun’? Sekarang, yuk cek bio masing-masing. Sudah benar belum? ;)

Questions and Answers

  1. @JSEMYR: if mouse becomes mice, why doesn’t house become hice :) #english inconsistency #uncountable | Admin: the arbitrariness of language. Anyway, mice = plural countable. :)
  2. @sabreyna min, kalo hundred sama hundreds? | Admin: hundred = seratus; hundreds = ratusan.
  3. @mailsiregar kalo pake human gimana? is it wrong? | Admin: bisa. Terjemahan lain yang juga benar: “I’m only human.”; “I’m just an ordinary human being.”
  4. @tintin_gustin: berarti yg bener “I’m the die hard fan of ….” bukan “I’m the die hard fans of ……” gitu bukan?? | Admin: yes, you are correct. “I’m the die-hard fan of..”
  5. @world_wyze: Jadi ‘peoples’ itu nggak ada ya? | Admin: ada. Read about ‘peoples’ here #EngTrivia: “people”, “peoples”, “person”, “persons”.
  6. @milka_hana: berarti kalau kalimat “I’m just an ordinary man” msh blm pas ya? “man” nya bs diganti “woman” kah? | Admin: dulu ‘man’ artinya bisa ‘manusia’ scr umum, tp utk skrg lebih baik pakai ‘woman’ kalo yg dimaksud adlh perempuan. :)
  7. @RaihanGhaffar: Oiya min, yang bener yang mana nih? ‘Three Hundred’ apa ‘Three Hundreds’ | Admin: three hundred.
  8. @FitriyaniYusbar: so, jadinya apa min? Hundreds people or hundreds person? | Admin: hmm? Yg berubah ‘noun’ (kata benda)-nya, bukan ‘hundred’-nya. Which one is the noun? “Hundreds OF people” baru benar.
  9. ‏@andrw_nathaniel: klo mankind? | Admin: ‘Mankind’ lebih mengacu pd ‘umat manusia’. Tidak sesuai dgn konteks. Lihat di sini: oxforddictionaries.com.
  10. @aldorinaldy100: Kalo i’m a human being, boleh min ? | Admin: boleh..

Compiled by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on May 27, 2013

#GrammarTrivia: By the way vs By any chance

Evening fellas x) I hope the gloomy weather lately ain’t putting your spirit off! So what are we going to share, discuss or talk about now?

Here’s something interesting to discuss on this rainy day:

@shayasasha: By the way & by any chance, do they have similar meanings ?”

What do you think?

@vectoreza: by the way can be used to start or change any topic. Also used to add information. Example : my brother is graduating, by the way, he is top of the class. 2.EX: By the way , have u found my baseball bat ? | By any chance is used for asking in a polite way : Are you Hungarian, by any chance ?

@msnadrn: “by any chance” used to ask a question or request in a polite way and “by the way” is a phrase indicating that the speaker is casually opening a new subject.

@mutiahathifah: “by the way” is used to introduce a different topic and “by any chance” is commonly used when there is doubt.

@vitarohmana: by any chance used especially in questions, to ask whether something is true, possible, etc. ex : are you in love with him, by any chance? meanwhile, by the way used to introduce a new, less important topic

@ranihsnt: the words are used when you’re asking something that might be true is actually true

Interesting and super answers shared there fellas! Well done! :D

Yes, it is known that “by the way” is an idiom (source: http://freedicionary.com  under Way as noun)


Google also gave a web definition on “by the way” such as your answers :DScreenshot_2013-07-02-21-37-51

Meanwhile, “By any chance” comes from “chance” as noun (source: http://freedictionary.com  under Chance)


According to oxford dictionary dot com, the most updated official dictionary, “By any chance” is…


That’s it for today fellas! Sorry for the delay, internet is not friendly on a rainy evening *sigh*

@shayasasha: Thank u for sharing” thank you for your interesting question and everyone who has been contributing! :D

Source: freedictionary.comoxforddictionaries.com, google.com

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on July 2, 2013

#EngTrivia: English Language and Women

Fellas, March 8 is an annual celebration of International Women’s Day. This year’s theme is: “A promise is a promise. Time for action to end Violence against women.”

Let’s celebrate the day by dedicating our today’s session to women, shall we? I’m going to give you some interesting facts related to English and women.

  1. The word “woman” is believed to have derived from the Middle English term “wyfman”. The term “wyfman” is broken down simply as the wife (wyf) of man.
  2. In Old English, women were described simply as “wyf”, while the term “man” was used to describe a human person, not gender.
  3. The English word “girl” was initially used to describe a young person of either sex. At the beginning of the 16th century, the term “girl” was used specifically to describe a female child.
  4. The English language originally delineated between women in different stages of life with the terms “maiden”, “mother”, and “crone”.
  5. A “maiden” referred to a young girl who was unmarried.
  6. A “mother” referred to a woman in her child-bearing years. A “crone” described a post-menopausal woman.

Anyway, some of you may already know, a linguist Robin Lakoff identified a theory called “Women’s Language”. She proposed that women speak differently from men. Agree or not, here’s the explanation of the theory.

  1. Color terminology: women are apt to use more variety in colors. So, blue isn’t just blue, but also teal, iris, turquoise. Whereas for men, blue is just blue.
  2. Empty adjectives:  these are descriptors that are unnecessary. Women are more apt to use these. Ex: there are terms such as: gorgeous, stunning, elegant, and cute. For men, pretty is just pretty.
  3. Tag questions: women tend to seek conformation more via questions. Ex: A woman would say, “I look good in this dress, don’t I?”
  4. Indirect requests: these would be something like “Oh no, it’s very cold out here.”  Or “I am hungry.” The statements indirectly encourage other people to do something to address her problem.

So, what do you think? Do you agree or not, fellas?


Compiled by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on March 8, 2013

#GrammarTrivia #EngGame: tag question

Hello, hello, fellas! What’s up? Ready for today’s session? Here’s the clue: “Today is Monday, isn’t it?” Guess the topic! ;)

@agil0: question tag?! am I right???”

Yes, you are right! You were the first to answer correctly. :D

‘Question tag’ or ‘tag question’ is a question that’s added to the end of a sentence. You have to use an auxiliary verb.

Auxiliary verb = helping verb (kata kerja bantu). Examples: be, do, have, will, etc. More examples: Auxiliary Verbs.

Let’s see: “Today is Monday, isn’t it?” ‘isn’t it’ is the tag question. It’s added to the end of “Today is Monday.” sentence.

Why ‘isn’t it’ is used as the tag question? We have to see the structure of sentence “Today is Monday.” It uses ‘IS’ as verb.

That’s why the tag question follows the structure of the sentence “Today is Monday.” and auxiliary verb ‘is’ is used here.

Remember: when the main verb (the sentence) is affirmative (in positive sentence), the tag question is negative. Vice versa.

Let’s see: “Today is Monday [main verb = is], isn’t it [tag question = is not]?” Let’s change: “Today isn’t Monday, is it?”

@Wesli_Sif the sentence using “do” than the questag is don’t; if “don’t” as the sentence,the questag is “do”.”

@fathyrayyan: other examples: “You’re an Indonesian, aren’t you?” “You like to read, don’t you? “You didn’t meet him, did you?”

Let’s practice using tag questions with an #EngGame. To participate, simply add a tag question to the end of each sentence.
  1. “She likes singing.”
  2. “You have voted.”
  3. “They will call.”
  4. “He can’t drive.”
  5. “She didn’t go there.”
  1. “She likes singing, doesn’t she?”
  2. “You have voted, haven’t you?”
  3. “They will call you, won’t they?”
  4. “He can’t drive, can he?”
  5. She didn’t go there, did she?”
  1. @mfauzirachman: which one is correct? Tag question or question tag? | Admin: Tag question and question tag are both correct.
  2. @Kibaldinata: it ain’t always like that, is it? If the main sentence (+) has ‘never’ in it, the question tag will also be (+), won’t it? | Admin: the words ‘never, rarely, hardly’ are always considered negative.
  3. @mraryanto: what about in command & invitation form? ‘be quiet, will you?’ And ‘lets see the movie, shall we?’ It is belonging to question tag, isn’t it? | Admin: yes, ‘will you’ and ‘shall you’ are examples of tag questions in imperatives.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on June 3, 2013

#GrammarTrivia: the word ‘to’

I bet you know what ‘to’ means.. Or do you? If you check the dictionary, you would notice the two letter word have tons of meaning. We’re not going to talk about all of them. But we’ll have a look at 4 of its functions.

1. as preposition of movement

To’ indicates the place you reach as a result of moving. The phrase that contains ‘to’ is called ‘to-phrase‘. ‘to-phrase’ follows:

  1. a verb.
    • Example:
      • walk to school. Walk =verb
  2. a noun.
    • Example:
      • the bus to Malang. The bus = noun

In the examples above, the ‘to-phrases’ are: ‘to school‘ and ‘to Malang‘. Here’s the structure:

  1. “walk to school” = verb + to-phrase
  2. “the bus to Malang” = noun + to-phrase

Example sentence using:

  1. ‘verb + to-phrase’ structure: “I walk to school every day.”
  2. ‘noun + to-phrase’ structure: “She’s been waiting for the bus to Malang for half an hour.”

‘from’ and ‘to’

‘to’ can also be used with ‘from’.


from + noun phrase + to + noun phrase.


  • from Jogja to Semarang”.

In a sentence:

  • “They usually travel from Jogja to Semarang by train.”

A. ‘from .. to’ to indicate distance

The ‘from .. to’ structure can also be used to indicate distance.


  • “How far is it from Bandar Lampung to Palembang?”

B. ‘from .. to’ to express change of state

Besides distance, ‘from .. to’ can also be used to express change of state.


  • “The light changes from red to green.”

2. to show time

To’ indicates the end-point of a time period. There are 2 ways of using it:

  • with ‘from’

‘from .. to’ to indicate the end-point of a time period.


“We will be having our final test from Monday to Friday.”

  • without ‘from’

Without ‘from’, ‘to’ cannot be used alone. We use ‘until’ or ‘up to’ instead.


“We will have our test until Friday.”

However, American English prefers the use of ‘through’ to ‘to’.


“We will have our test from Monday through Friday.”

3. to indicate receiver

To’ to indicate ‘receiver’ is usually followed by a person.


  • “I’m giving this present to you.” The receiver = you.

The receiver in “I’m giving this present to you.” is what we call as ‘indirect object’. The direct object: this present.

‘to + receiver’ is usually used this way (as indirect object). Other verbs used this way are: offer, hand, lend, owe.




Direct object


Indirect object


am giving

this present



A. ‘to’ as the receiver of a message

‘to’ also points to the ‘receiver’ of a message.


  • “I just sent an email to a friend.”
  • “Do you have something to say to me?”

4. the use in idioms

‘To’ is also used to form many ‘prepositional verbs’ and ‘phrasal-prepositional verbs’.

Examples of prepositional verbs:

  • belong to,
  • listen to,
  • believe in,
  • talk about,
  • wait for.
  • Read: Phrasal Verbs 1.

Examples of phrasal-prepositional verbs:


‘to’ also follows some adjectives. Examples:

  • close to,
  • due to,
  • similar to,
  • used to (used with ‘be’ = ‘I’m used to..’).

Prepositional verbs, phrasal-prepositional verbs, and ‘adjective + to’ structure form ‘idioms’. Ring a bell?

Well, that’s it. A little #GrammarTrivia on the use and function of ‘to’. I hope it is useful for you.


Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, April 29, 2013


Related post(s):



#GrammarTrivia: Here vs Hear, Choose vs Chose vs Choice

Hi there fellas, so there will be a little #GrammarTrivia to share this evening =)

According to the CGP book for GCSE English Grammar, “here” and “hear” are one of the sound alike mistakes existed

Just remember these:

1. “Here” is like “There”

Sini seperti sana

“Here” artinya sini (di sini/ke sini)

E.g. “Come here!” = “Ayo sini!”


2. “Hear” think “Ear”

Dengar ingat telinga 

“Hear” artinya dengar 

E.g. “Can you hear it?” = “Bisa dengar itu?” 


Another common mistake will be leaving out important ‘o’s such as in the next three words:

Choose, Chose, Choice

Sometimes one tiny letter can CHANGE the meaning of a word completely.

LOTS of MISTAKES can occur here especially when you are writing in a hurry.

Remember these:

1. Choose = present tense, which means it is happening now

“Choose”artinya memilih/dipilih (sekarang)

E.g. “I choose the red dress because it suits the event’s theme.”

“Saya memilih baju rok langsung merah itu karena sesuai dengan tema acaranya.”


2. Chose = past tense, which means it happened already

“Chose”artinya memilih/dipilih (sudah terjadi)

E.g. “I chose the red dress last week for tomorrow’s event.”

“Saya memilih baju rok langsung merah itu minggu lalu untuk acara besok.”


3. Choice = noun (kata benda)

“Choice”artinya pilihan

E.g. “The red dress was my choice, not Lucy’s.”

“Baju rok langsung merah itu pilihan saya, bukan Lucy.”



For here and hear, think there and ear

For choose, chose and choice, make sure it’s the right one to use on the sentence you are writing

Here’s what I captured from the book, hopefully it can be useful :D


Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on May 21, 2013


Tell us, what are the most common words or letter that you have heard in English all this time?

So fellas here are some English words that you think are most common heard:

@raafian@13njet@Princess_destii said “The”

@ErhansJulianto said “Yes”

@budib5n said “Good morning”

@onnaRP said “hi” or “hello” 

@fitriananaa said “stop” 

@yth_bikor said “Drowsy”

@Andriandriant said “the most common heard english word that I’ve heard this week is “catalyst” cz I work in the lab”

@MonicaJenni said “eat”

@saniarickmono said “Thanks”

Now that you have shared some, have you heard of “ETAOIN SRHLDCU” or “ETAOIN SHRDLU”?

Looking from the responses, it seems fellas haven’t heard of it.

Quoting from http://stancarey.wordpress.com/2013/01/07/etaoin-srhldcu-or-what-are-the-most-common-words-and-letters-in-english/ …

“ETAOIN SRHLDU” is the nonsense string that used to appear in print because of early-20thC printer design and now serves as shorthand for the most popular letters.

No wonder it sounds a bit odd isn’t it? And of course, they are not words indeed.

She stated that, different studies have shown different results on the most used letters and words in English. Yet Google’s director of research Peter Norvig used the vast data from the Google Books corpus (over 743 billion words), found this:

Which violates ETAOIN SHRDLU only slightly, becoming ETAOIN SRHLDCU. pic.twitter.com/nuxl5VBnyX


The 50 most common words, in order of frequency, are: the, of, and, to, in, a, is, that, for, it, as, was, with, be, by, on, not, he, I, this, are, or, his, from, at, which, but, have, an, had, they, you, were, there, one, all, we, can, her, has, there, been, if, more, when, will, would, who, so, no.

As you said previously, “the” is the most commonly heard English word indeed :)

So, what do you think fellas? Interesting isn’t it? If you want to read more about it you can go here http://norvig.com/mayzner.html 

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on March 19, 2013

#EngGame #EngTrivia: randomly picked English trivia

Here’s how to join the #EngGame:

  1. I give trivia questions related to English (language).
  2. You give answers (include numbers).

Pretty simple, huh? The questions are quite random, so you’d better gear up with enough knowledge or research (Google?).

  1. What is the most common word in English?
  2. How old was Shakespeare when he married his wife?
  3. What is the longest word in English?
  4. “Adobe” is a loanword in English. From what language is this word borrowed?
  5. Who invented the word “hello”?
  6. What is this symbol “@” called in English?
  7. Why is this thing called “Twitter”? *eh
  8. What is the shortest complete sentence in English?
  9. In how many countries in the world is English used as the official language?
  10. What is the most commonly misspelled word in English?
  11. Which English word has the most meanings?
  12. What English word has the most homophones?

Well, I’m getting various responses tonight. Many answered correctly, some didn’t. Let’s reveal the answers after this!


  1. @milzmiawz: the | Admin: According to Most common words in English, the word “the” is ranked #1 most common word in English.
  2. @UtamiEster: 18 | Admin: Yes, William Shakespeare married his wife, Anne Hathaway, when he was 18. William Shakespeare
  3. @Elfindataufik: 3. Methionylthreonylthreonylglutaminylarginyl…..isoleucine. 189,819 words. Needs 3 hours to pronounce. | Admin: According to Longest word in English, the longest English word has 189,819 letters. Some think it’s not a word.
  4. @sembadra09: Arabic? | Admin: “Adobe” that means “brick” is a loanword that is taken from the Arabic. List of Arabic loanwords in English
  5. @bluerning: 5) Thomas Alva Edison | Admin: According to Great ‘Hello’ Mystery Is Solved, Thomas Alva Edison first coined the word “hello”.
  6. @triiyatria: at sign,ampersat,apetail | Admin: The symbol “@” is called “at sign”. Other terms: at symbol, ampersat, apetail, commercial at. At sign
  7. @13njet: Bcs we tweet like a bird. :p | Admin: Yes, Twitter makes you tweet like a bird. Tweet: chirp (n)/make chirping noise (v). Why is Twitter Called Twitter?
  8. @dundhee_: Go! :) | Admin: The shortest complete sentence in English is “Go.”. It is an imperative. Shortest complete sentence in English
  9. @winniputrii: 9. 88 countries | Admin: According to List of countries where English is an official language, English is used as the official language of 88 countries (in 2012).
  10. Admin: Apparently nobody got the correct answer for number 10: What is the most commonly misspelled English word? The answer… According to ‘Separate’ is most commonly misspelt word, “separate” is ranked #1 the most commonly misspelled word in English.
  11. @deinles: run? | Admin: According to the latest calculation, “run” is the word with most meanings (645 meanings). ‘Run’, a Verb for Our Frantic Times
  12. Admin: Again, nobody answered number 12 correctly. No worries. Here is the answer… English word with most homophones is either one of these: air, are, e’er, ere, err, heir. Most homophones

Question and Answer

Q. @diputsasa: what is loanword anyway?

A. Loanword: a word borrowed from another language (kata yang dipinjam dari bahasa lain). Read more: Loanword.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on February 25, 2013

#GrammarTrivia: “in” vs. “at” (prepositions of place)

The topic is inspired by a question from a fella earlier today.

@yuyun_fitri: can u help me,,what’s d’ diffrnce between IN school n’ AT school? *confusing ƪ‎​​()Ʃ.. Thanx☺

So… That was the question. What’s the difference between “in school” and “at school”? Anybody wants to help? :)

Hmm… In Indonesian ‘in’ and ‘at’ probably mean the same, which is “di”. However, in English they have different meanings.

In this case, do you know what ‘in’ and ‘at’ are called? :)

Answer: @FadhilAnthem: Preposition?

Correct! ‘in’ and ‘at’ are both prepositions. ‘Prepositions of place‘, to be exact. Read more here: Preposition of place.

In the previous post we discussed 10 prepositions of place. However, today we will only discuss 3 of them: in, at, on.

Before we proceed, take a close look at this picture. See how ‘in’, ‘at’, ‘on’ are used in the examples.

prepositions of place at in onOK, let’s get to the point. The differences between the 3 are..

  1. in = enclosed place
  2. at = point
  3. on = surface

Dengan kata lain…

  1. ‘in’ menunjuk pada ‘di dalam’
  2. ‘at’ menunjuk pada suatu titik (tidak  harus di dalam)
  3. ‘on’ = di atas (permukaan)

Confused? I’m gonna give you some illustrations…

Between ‘in‘ and ‘on’, quite easy to differentiate. Where are the dwarfs? In the box and on the drum.

in on

While ‘at’… Imagine that you’re looking at a map in front of you and you have to point at a place. That’s when you use ‘at’.

So “I’m in school.” means you’re IN (di dalam) it.

But “I’m at school.” can be anywhere near it (tidak harus di dalam).

A little note though: when it comes to streets and places, you can also use ‘in’, ‘at’, ‘on’ this way (examine examples)…

  1. The house is in Denpasar.
  2. The house is at Jl. Sudirman 1 Denpasar.
  3. The house is on Jl. Sudirman Denpasar.

See the differences?

Questions and Answers

Q. @syifa21: ooh berarti ‘at’ kayak lebih spesifik gt ya min? :D

A. Yes, in the case of ‘Jl. Sudirman 1 Denpasar’, the use of ‘at’ means we say the address specifically.

Q. @anggiamst: Yes. In biasanya buat kota, negara, atau daerah. On menyatakan alamat spesifik. At jg tp lebih spesifik lagi. am I right?._.

A. Yes, ‘on’ = only the street name, ‘at’ = the complete address. :)

Q. @Thitanicc: min apa “in home” sama “at home” itu beda?

A. The correct and natural one would be ‘at home’, not ‘in home’. ‘In the house’ is correct. Read more here: in home versus at home.

Q. @helloalmira: There’s a special case for chair though. I thought that the right one would be ‘I sit on a chair’. But my lecturer said that ‘I sit in a chair’ was the correct one, because we let our body follow the form of a chair

A. Interesting. According to discussion here: sit in a chair/sit on a chair, the type of chair involved is crucial in deciding which to use.

Q. @rinosukmandityo: how about please watch my performance on TV next day? why not use in or at?

A. Much like the ‘internet’ (to refer to the ‘data’), we use ‘on’ for television. Thus: on TV, on the internet.

Q. @MeLLDinnard: how about those propositions for the transportation. Like “get on the truck”, “get in the car”.

A. Generally, public transportation = ‘on’ (the bus), private = ‘in’ (the car). Read this: Prepositions in Transportation.

Q. @MeLLDinnard: but does cab consider as public transportation too? Just wondering.

A. As the article suggest: ‘ there are exceptions to every rule’. So I guess ‘cab’ (or taxi) is the exception here.. :)

Q. @MeLLDinnard: and i got confuse with what my teacher told me earlier that in or on are used based on the size of the ride. How’s that?

A. Perhaps you should read: Prepositions for Transportation. According to this one, it also depends on the size of transportation.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on 4 February, 2013