Tag Archives: Trivia

#EngTrivia: Chinese New Year

Hi, fellas! Happy Chinese New Year! May blessings and prosperity be with you always!

IMG-20160208-WA0010

I hope you had a wonderful Chinese New Year holiday. Did you get any hongbaos? The topic of this article will be on fun facts about the Chinese New Year. Are you ready?

  1. The 2567th Chinese Year, celebrated today, is the year of monkey, the 9th sign of 12-year cycle.
  2. The colour red is often seen during the celebration as it is considered auspicious and related to prosperity.
  3. Not less than 1/5 of the world population celebrate the Chinese New Year, and it is a public holiday in many Asian countries.
  4. In Indonesia Chinese New Year was not celebrated as a public holiday until 2003.
  5. The Chinese Year 2567 will last until 27 January 2017.
  6. People born in the year of monkey share the sign with Leonardo Da Vinci, Charles Dickens, Julius Caesar, and Daniel Craig.

Alright,  that’s what I can share for the time being.  You can check our website and find other interesting topics from past sessions. Don’t forget to drop your comments if you have any feedback!

 

Compiled and written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, February 8, 2016

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#EngTrivia: The use of ‘may’ and ‘might’

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Have you ever wondered the correct way to use ‘may’ and ‘might?’ Let’s have a discussion about it.

May

May is a modal verb. It is used to:

  1. say that something is possible (to happen).
    • Example:
      • He may be late.
  2. ask for permission.
    • Example:
      • May I use the phone?
  3. speculate about past activity.
    • Example:
      • She is late. She may have missed the bus.

Might

Might is the past tense form of may. May and might are actually interchangeable in some forms of sentences. From the examples above we can switch the word ‘may’ into ‘might.’

  • He might be late.
  • Might I use the phone?
  • She was late. She might have missed the bus.

The use of ‘might’ shows the use of past tense. Don’t hesitate to use ‘may’ or ‘might’ in these situations because they basically have the same meaning.

 

Compiled and written by @iismail21 at @EnglishTips4u on Sunday, January 24, 2016

 

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#EngTrivia: New year’s trivia

New year’s day is a joyful day where people usually spend the time with their love ones. They watch the fireworks at midnight (new year’s eve), go to theme park and have a picnic with their family, stay at home and watch tv programs, etc. But, have you ever thought about the history of this tradition? In this post, we will share some facts related to ‘new year.’

  1. The first ‘new year’ was celebrated 4,000 years ago by the ancient Babylonians at the beginning of spring.
  2. Julius Caesar created the Julian calendar and established January 1 as the start of the new year.
  3. It is believed that the first people you see on the new year will define your luck during the years. So, make sure to keep your loved ones close and enemies far away on the new year’s eve.
  4. Lighting up fireworks on new year’s eve in some countries is believed to dispell bad spirits and unpleasant memories of the past.
  5. The top three places to celebrate new year’s eve are Las Vegas, Disney World and, of course, New York City.
  6. One of the biggest celebrations is in Sydney, Australia. More than 80,000 fireworks are set off from Sydney Harbour Bridge
  7. Auld Lang Syne, the traditional New Year’s song, is written by Robert Burns in the 1700s. It is Scottish for “old long ago.”

 

Source:

 

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4u on Saturday, 2 January 2016

 

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#EngTrivia: Phrases that People Get Wrong

There are some words and phrases that some people get wrong frequently. That’s our topic for tonight!

  1. I couldn’t care less NOT I could care less.
    If you could care less, there’s a chance that you could care, making the phrase less meaningful. If you couldn’t care less, you’re making a big statement that you do not and will not care.

  2. Don’t take it for granted NOT Don’t take it for granite.
    Granite is a very hard, granular, crystalline, igneous rock consisting mainly of quartz, mica, and feldspar and often used as a building stone. I wouldn’t take much for “granite.”

  3. Moot point NOT Mute point.
    Moot means subject to discussion; arguable, debatable, unsolved or impossible to solve while mute is not having the power of speech.

  4. By accident NOT On accident.
    Prepositions are difficult, but by is the correct usage.

  5. Memento NOT Momento.
    A memento is an object kept as a reminder or souvenir of a person or event. Momentois from the Spanish language meaning moment.

  6. Brothers-in-law NOT Brother-in-laws.
    You’re not pluralizing law, you’re speaking of more than one brother, sister, mother, or father.

  7. First come first served NOT First come first serve.
    Why would you want to be the first one there if you have to serve everyone else?

  8. Sneak peek NOT Sneak peak.
    You’re sneaking a peek at someone with your eyes, not sneaking up the pointed top of a mountain.

  9. Peace of mind NOT Piece of mind.
    You don’t want anyone to give you an actual piece of their mind. That’s gross. You could argue that figuratively speaking, you could give someone a piece of your mind by sharing your thoughts, but all too often the usage of either version above (peace orpiece) is meant to convey putting ones mind at ease. Piece of mind in that case would not apply.

  10. Without further ado NOT Without further adieu.
    Ado suggests an interruption. Adieu is French for good-bye.

Source: this article

Compiled by: @FaridArdian for @englishtips4u on Dec, 9th 2015.

#GrammarTrivia: Writing dates

Let’s identify the different ways we write dates in English!

You might have seen it written as September 27th, 2015.

But it can also be written this way: 27 September 2015.

What is the difference between the two? Which one is correct? The answer is that both are correct. It is simply a matter of using British or American English.

Writing dates with British English

In British English (BrE), the most common way is to begin with day first, then followed by month and year.

Example:

  • 4 July 2015. (4/7/2015)

It can also be written in ordinal numbers.

Example:

  • 4th of July, 2015.
  • Notice that there is an ‘of’ between month and day.

Writing dates in American English

Meanwhile, in American English (AmE), the rule is to begin by month then followed by day.

Example:

  • July 4th, 2015. (7/4/2015)
  • Notice how they use ordinal instead of cardinal number.

Americans also use the 4th of July format, sometimes. But generally they tend to stick to the month-day format.

So which format should I use?

It’s all up to you. Just remember to be consistent with it. Which means, if you are writing a letter, if you begin it with AmE, then you have to continue writing it in AmE.

Source: Cambridge Dictionary Blog

Written @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, June 21, 2011; and recompiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 27 September 2015

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#EngTrivia: About Pun

Pun pronunciation

@rehaneta: by the way, how do you pronounce ‘pun’?” It’s [puhn] / secara Bahasa “pan” seperti kata panci tanpa ci-nya

You can hear the pronouncatiation here http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pun  @rehaneta

 

Pun salah satu jenis joke

@Portuguesamava: maksudnya joke gitu yah ?” Iya, puns adalah bagian dari ngelucu jadi ya salah satu jenis joke juga

 

Pun bukan gombalan

@Portuguesamava: kalo “gombalan” English nya apa min, disebutnya gimana ?“

Good question @Portuguesamava, tapi setahu admin bukan “puns”. Tujuan ngegombal adalah lebih kepada merayu atau menggoda – B. Inggris-nya “flirting”, jadi bisa saja itu bagian dari “flirting jokingly”? Mungkin fellas ada pendapat lain?

@FarizMohammed: pickup lines?” Iya, bisa juga pickup lines (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pick-up_line …)

Sepertinya “pickup line” yang paling cocok buat arti gombalan @Portuguesamava

 

Pun susah dimengerti dan diterjemahkan?

  • @RAKemal: Yeay! @EnglishTips4U are playing puns! They’re punchy! I don’t know why some people hate them..”
  • Well that’s the side effect to puns, some people don’t like it because it’s like non-sense jokes atau kita bilangnya jayus
  • But admin thinks puns are funny, entertaining, good exercise if you like playing with words, even learning new words :)
  • Maybe next time I should make an #EngGame or #EngQuiz where fellas create the puns :)
  • @RAKemal: What makes a pun worse is when you try to explain them. Hahaha”
  • @SheylaMcF: @RAKemal @EnglishTips4U what makes it the worst is when you’re being a translator and have to translate the puns to Indonesian :’/”
  • @RAKemal: Many things will get lost in translation, obvs.. @SheylaMcF
  • Of course, that’s another matter which can’t be avoided @RAKemal @SheylaMcF

 

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4u on January 17, 2015

#EngTrivia: “Unmood”

Anyway, we notice that there is this ongoing trend of using the word “unmood” among teenagers. (ongoing = sedang berlangsung)

(Yes, I like to eavesdrop on my sister’s conversation with her friends. I call it ‘research’) (eavesdrop = menguping)

Let’s talk about “unmood” today. What does it mean? How do we use it properly?

The first thing to do is to check the dictionary. This is what I found:

IMG_6195

If it is not in the dictionary, then it is not a proper English word. Yes, “unmood” is one of the common mistakes that we make.

Let’s dig deeper. From how it is used, “unmood” seems to be a direct transliteration from “nggak mood”.

Example: “Gara-gara ujan, gue langsung unmood gitu.” // “‘Kan jadinya unmood kalo dianya ternyata diem aja.”

If we check the dictionary again, apparently there are 2 definition of the word ‘mood’. The first one:

IMG_6196

And the 2nd definition is:

IMG_6197

So the first definition is “temporary state of mind/feeling”. From here, we learn that ‘mood’ has a neutral meaning.

Which means you need to add an adjective (kata sifat) to describe it further. Example: Bad mood, good mood, party mood.

Other way to use it: ‘Not in the mood’, which is short for “I am not in the mood to study”, for example.

As for the 2nd definition: “Angry, irritable, sullen state of mind.” So, using ‘unmood’ to describe ‘a bad mood’ is incorrect.

Conclusion: Using ‘unmood’ to describe a bad mood or feeling not in the mood is wrong, because:

1. It has a neutral meaning.

2. Its other meaning actually means ‘an angry, irritable state of mind’.

Yes, it’s true that language develops, and many slang words end up being included in the dictionary.

A good example is “bootylicious”, which was invented by Beyonce when she was in Destiny’s Child:

IMG_6199

There is a possibility that ‘unmood’ might also make it to the dictionary. But until it happens, it is an improper use of word.

So, our suggestion is to avoid (hindari) using it for the time being :)

Why? Because if we want to learn a language, we better learn how to use it right.

That’s how we know we have succeeded in learning something.

@Death_SW: @EnglishTips4U how about lexical gap?

Good question!

Lexical gap is when there is a pattern that is not correct based in one language, but correct if used in one language.

In that case, it seems fine to use ‘unmood’ because the structure is proper if we use Indonesian language as parameter.

But we’d like to emphasize more on English grammar perspective :) Slang words are often full of grammatical mistakes, yes, and it’s OK to use them. But it’s also good to know how to use it properly. You’ll never know when you need it! :D

Besides, lexical gap is restrictive in a way that only fellow Indonesians would understand if you’re using ‘unmood’.

Source: Oxford Dictionary, nikodemusoul.wordpress.com

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 15 February 2015.

#GrammarTrivia: Shall or Will?

Hello, fellas!

I’m pretty sure that most of you spend a lot of time on the internet everyday (just like me :p), right fellas?

Have you seen this picture? Some of my friends asked me “Why is the word shall used here instead of will?”

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If you are wondering about the difference between shall and will and how to use them, don’t worry! We’ll talk about it today! #GrammarTrivia

Both will and shall are used in forming the future tense.

In the traditional rule, will is used with second and third person pronouns (you, they, he, she, it).

But when you are expressing a determination to do something or to convey the idea that something must definitely happen, shall is used with the second and third person pronouns, and will is used with first-person pronouns.

I will give you some examples to help you understand, fellas :)

“I shall be there soon.” (Normal sentence)

“I will do my assignments.” (Conveying a sense of duty)

“He will be there soon.” (Normal sentence)

“He shall do his assignments.” (Conveying a sense of duty)

Do you see the difference? :) Let’s continue!

In American English, will is interchangeable with shall, except in asking questions.

Shall is used when asking questions with ‘I’ and ‘we’.

For example,

“Shall I give you some money?”

“Where shall we go this weekend?”

“Shall we go now?”

However, in American English, it’s better to use will instead of shall because it is not very common in American English.

That’s all I can share for today, fellas. Good night!

Compiled and written by @waitatiri at @EnglishTips4U on January 27, 2015.

#EngTrivia: British vs American English Spellings

Do you know that some British English (BrE) words have different spellings from American English (AmE) words?

In general, there are 10 types of spelling differences between BrE and AmE. Here they are:

  1. BrE (-our) vs AmE (-or). E.g.:
    • armour (BrE) vs armor (AmE)
    • favourite (BrE) vs favorite (AmE)
    • honour (BrE) vs honor (AmE)
  2. BrE (-re) vs AmE (-er). E.g.:
    • centre (BrE) vs center (AmE)
    • Litre (BrE) vs liter (AmE)
    • Theatre (BrE) vs theater (AmE)
  3. BrE (-ae-) vs AmE (-e-). E.g. :
    • archaeology (BrE) vs archeology (AmE).
    • Leukaemia (BrE) vs leukemia (AmE)
  4. BrE (-se) vs AmE (-ze). e.g. :
    • analyse (BrE) vs analyze (AmE)
    • apologise (BrE) vs apologize (AmE)
    • emphasise (BrE) vs emphasize (AmE)
  5. BrE (-l) vs AmE (-ll).e.g.:
    • fulfil (BrE) vs fulfill (AmE)
    • skilful (BrE) vs skillful (AmE)
  6. BrE (-ogue) vs AmE (-og). e.g. :
    • analogue (BrE) vs analog (AmE)
    • dialogue (BrE) vs dialog (AmE)
  7. BrE (-ence) vs AmE (-ense). e.g. :
    • defence (BrE) vs defense (AmE)
    • licence (BrE) vs license (AmE)
  8. BrE (-dge) vs AmE (-dg). e.g. :
    • judgement (BrE) vs judgment (AmE)
    • arguement (BrE) vs argument (AmE)
  9. BrE (-que) vs AmE ( -ck). e.g.:
    • cheque (BrE) vs check (AmE)
  10. BrE (-gramme) vs AmE (-gram). e.g. :
    • programme (BrE) vs program (AmE)
    • kilogramme (BrE) vs kilogram (AmE)

So, which one do you prefer? BrE or AmE?

 

Compiled and written by @iisumarni at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, September 19, 2012

 


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#EngTrivia: Interesting Pick Up Lines

Have you ever heard about pick up lines? Because we’re going to talk about it.

A pick up line is a conversation starter with the intent to engage an unfamiliar person for humor or romance. Admin will give you some examples of pick up lines. Ready?  Here we go:

  1. Do you have a map?. l No, why?l Because I just keep getting lost in your eyes.
  2. Are you a magnet? Because I’m attracted to you.
  3.  Do you believe in love at first sight? Or should I walk by again?
  4. Are you an alien? Because you just abducted my heart.
  5. There’s something wrong with my cell phone. / Why?/  It doesn’t have your number in it.

Apparently many films used pick up lines in its dialogues. Admin will give some examples of pick up lines in films. Here they are:

  1.  “I know what I want because I have it in my hands right now.” “What?” “You.” -P.S. I Love You.
  2. I maybe the outlaw, but you’re the one stealing my heart. – Thelma and Louise
  3. I have crossed oceans of time to find you. – Dracula.

I’ve tweeted some examples of pick up lines. What do you think? Sounds cheesy, right? That’s how pick up lines work. Dare to use one?

Compiled and written by @iisumarni at @EnglishTips4U on September 27, 2012

#EngTrivia: English fun facts (4)

  1. The word ‘Sheriff’ came from Shire Reeve. During early years of feudal rule in England, each shire had a reeve who was the law for that shire. When the term was brought to the United States it was shortened to Sheriff.
  2. ‘Blue Laws’, which regulate personal and public conduct on Sunday, got their name because they were originally printed on blue paper.
  3. In England and American colonies the year 1752 only had 354 days. In 1752, the type of calendar was changed, and 11 days were lost.
  4. The term ‘Mayday’ is used for signaling for help. It comes from the French term which is pronounced MayDay and it means ‘Help Me.’
  5. Clinophobia is the fear of beds.
  6. Number ‘4’ is the only number that has the same number of letters in its name as its meaning.
  7. The name ‘Hippopotamus’ comes from Greek for “River Horse.”
  8. Phrenology is the study of bumps on the head.
  9. Hagiology is the branch of literature dealing with the lives and legends of saints.
  10. Fortune cookies were actually invented in America on 1918 by Charles Jung.
  11. The month of July is named in honor of Julius Caesar.

 

Compiled and written by @iisumarni at @EnglishTips4U  on Thursday, September 12, 2013

 

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#EngTrivia: Periods in Abbreviations

Hello, fellas!

Let’s talk about… Abbreviations! Can you give some examples of abbreviations?

Yep! There are a lot of abbreviations that we often use, such as Mr., Mrs., USA, UK, etc.

I’ve been receiving a lot of questions asking “Is it Mr. or Mr? Is a period needed?” “Is it U.S. or US?”. Are you questioning it too, fellas?

Tonight we’re going to talk about periods in abbreviations! I hope it could be useful for a lot of you :) #EngTrivia

The use of periods in abbreviations is slightly different in American and British English. #EngTrivia
When you’re using initial letters to represent words (such as UK, NATO, BBC), you don’t need to put a period after them. This rule applies in both American and British English. #EngTrivia

However, in American English, periods are also used as an alternative style in certain abbreviations (i.e. USA or U.S.A., US or U.S.) #EngTrivia

In American English, if an abbreviation consists of the first and last letters of a word, it’s necessary to put a period at the end. #EngTrivia

For example, Dr.(from Doctor, D and R) Mr. (from Mister, M and R). #EngTrivia

In British English, if an abbreviation consists of the first and last letters of a word, it’s not necessary to put a period at the end. #EngTrivia

So in British English the abbreviation of Mister is written as Mr, Doctor as Dr, etc. #EngTrivia

If the abbreviation consists only of the first part of a word, it is necessary to put a period at the end in both American and British English. #EngTrivia

For example, Wed. (from Wednesday), Jan. (From January). #EngTrivia

That’s all I can share for today, fellas. Hope it could be useful for you!

Compiled and written by @waitatiri at @EnglishTips4U on January 13, 2015

#EngTrivia: Is It ‘Oh’ or Zero?

Hello hey hi, fellas! How are you all? :D

You all know how to pronounce numbers in English, right fellas?

One, two, three, four, five, six… sounds easy, right? :D

Do you have any difficulties when pronouncing a series of numbers, such as 555-206-1234, fellas?

Well, it’s not a difficult thing to do, right? :D But have you ever been confused on how to pronounce the ‘0’ there?

Have you ever questioned “Is it pronounced ‘oh’ or zero? Is pronouncing ‘oh’ instead of zero okay?”, fellas?

We’re going to talk about it today! #EngTrivia

It’s normal to say ‘oh’ instead of zero when you’re reading a series of numbers. #EngTrivia

For example, you can pronounce 90210 as nine oh two one oh. #EngTrivia

A series of numbers isn’t always long, fellas. A room number such as 404 is also a series of numbers. :) #EngTrivia

For example, you can pronounce “room 404” as “room four oh four”. #EngTrivia

When talking about math or science, you should pronounce it zero instead of ‘oh’. #EngTrivia

For example, “seven minus zero equals seven”. #EngTrivia

Another example, “The temperature is below zero”. #EngTrivia

It’s okay if you always pronounce ‘0’ as zero, fellas. But you can’t always pronounce it ‘oh’. #EngTrivia

It’s also better to pronounce ‘0’ as zero instead of ‘oh’, especially in formal situations :) #EngTrivia

But it is normal to say ‘oh’ when pronouncing a series of numbers in daily conversations. #EngTrivia

That’s all I can share for today, fellas. I hope it could be useful for you :)

Compiled and written by @waitatiri at @EnglishTips4U on December 23, 2014

#EngTrivia: Is there such thing as Internet Dialect? Feat. @PBSIdeaChannel

Here’s a question for our #EngTrivia session today,

Do you believe there is an internet dialect?

Today’s session is based on “Are There Internet Dialects?” By @PBSIdeaChannel presented by @mikerugnetta

According to them, accents can’t exist on the internet as it is written (non verbal even though you are literally saying it (verbally) inside your head

So, in internet’s case, how we talk is a dialect which includes how we use the language, where English is the Lingua Franca – the common language for all natives – Smiley, hashtags, abbreviations, acronyms, “semi unconscious the use of selfie” are part of it

General English in the internet would be an e-mail from your colleague about certain events

Such animated GIFs (animated pictures) and Tumblr are powerfully expressive

Yet the use of (English) language in Tumblr could be lowercase and no punctuation

e.g., “tbh I literally say ‘literally and tbh’ literally all the time tbh”

“tbh” in itself can be talked thoroughly why and how it is used so this comes to how words and its usage

Mike said, it might be the “community value” that causes it like that

i.e., Tumblr seems more vulnerable, there is sensitivity

So…. does that mean it is not an internet dialect? It is just feelings revealed? How do we actually know it is a dialect?

Community is people who do things together – doing it in a cultural and social context

There are practices which are social practices with untold rules of thumbs existing

e.g., well tuned sensitivity, shared world views; might be coming from the way a community is educated, its interest, professions

Penelope Eckhert stated that speakers develop their linguistic view in the community they participate in – forms of participation and community practice are mutually constructed

So the way you communicate seems to influence and be influenced by the surroundings, in this case the internet itself

Facebookish, Twitterish, Tumblrish could just be the few internet dialects

as we would or could use different ways of speaking in certain social media or platforms that we use or we are in

So, as @mikerugnetta would say it, “what do you guys think?” It seems that this is an interesting phenomenon..

Internet language has existed for a while now and there are different kinds, even might be in development

So internet could be a hometown where you get your English dialect, as it is a (global) region, a community, it has people in it

And of course to most, it will be considered informal to the formal usage of English as it is a dialect from a region

That’s it for today’s #EngTrivia, I hope you have enjoyed it :)

For more about it, click – http://youtu.be/SDPasRas5u0  “Are There Internet Dialects?” By @PBSIdeaChannel presented by @mikerugnetta

 

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4u on October 4, 2014

 

Source: http://youtu.be/SDPasRas5u0  “Are There Internet Dialects?” By @PBSIdeaChannel presented by @mikerugnetta

#GrammarTrivia: Verb + Preposition (‘About’ and ‘Of’)

This time, I’d like to talk about grammar. In particular, we’ll talk about: Verb + Preposition (‘About’ and ‘Of’).

Some verbs can be followed by either ‘about’ or ‘of.’ Each pairing usually gives different meaning from the other.

  1. ‘Dream about’ vs. ‘dream of’
    • Dream about. Example:
      • “I dreamt about you last night.” (when I was asleep).
    • Dream of being something. Meaning: imagine. Example:
      • “I dream of being rich.”
  2. ‘Hear about’ vs. ‘Hear of’
    • Hear about. Meaning: be told about something. Example:
      • “Did you hear about the fight club last night?”
    • Hear of. Meaning: know that somebody/something exists. Example:
      • “I have never heard of Tom Madley. Who is he?”
  3. ‘Remind about’ vs. ‘Remind of’
    • Remind somebody about. Meaning: tell somebody not to forget. Example:
      • “I’m glad you remind me about the meeting.”
    • Remind somebody of. Meaning: cause somebody to remember. Example:
      • “This house reminds me of my childhood.”
  4. ‘Complain about’ vs. ‘Complain of’
    • Complain (to somebody) about. Meaning: say that you are not satisfied. Example:
      • “We complained to the manager about the service.
    • Complain of a pain, illness, etc. Meaning: say that you have a pain. Example:
      • “George was complaining of a pain in his stomach.”
  5. ‘Warn about’ vs. ‘Warn of’
    • Warn somebody of/about a danger. Example:
      • “Everybody has been warned of/about the dangers of smoking.”
    • Warn somebody about something dangerous, unusual, etc. Example:
      • “Vicky warned us about the traffic.”

Source:

  • English Grammar in Use (Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press).

 

Compiled by @aditriasmara at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, October 13, 2014

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#GrammarTrivia: Verb + Preposition (‘With,’ ‘to,’ and ‘on’)

This time, I’d like to talk about grammar. In particular, I’ll be talking about ‘Verb + Preposition’ with ‘with,’ ‘to,’ and ‘on.’

Verb + ‘with’

i.e.:

  • Provide with,
  • collide with,
  • fill (something) with.

Study the following example sentences:

  • “The school provides all its students with books.”
  • “There was an accident this morning. A bus collided with a car.”
  • “Take this saucepan and fill it with water.”

Verb + ‘to’

i.e.:

  • Happen to,
  • prefer one thing/person to another.

Study the following example sentences:

  • “What happened to the gold watch you used to have?”
  • “I prefer tea to coffee.”

Verb + ‘on’

i.e.:

  • Concentrate on,
  • insist on.

Study the following example sentences:

  • “Don’t look out of the window. Concentrate on your work.”
  • “I wanted to go alone but they insisted on coming with me.”

Source:

  • English Grammar in Use (Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press).

Compiled by @aditriasmara at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, September 29, 2014

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#GrammarTrivia: ‘You and I’ or ‘You and Me’?

“What’s the difference between ‘you and I’ and ‘you and me’? Can I use them interchangeably?”

Raise your hands if you’ve been asking the same question. I know I did. hands up After some research, I finally understand that the two are being used differently. Here is how they differ:

‘U & I’ as subjects can be replaced by ‘we’ whilst ‘U & me’ as objects can be replaced by ‘us.’ They can’t be used interchangeably. – @cherryadnan

That’s right. We must first distinguish Subject Pronouns and Object Pronouns.

Subject Pronouns and Object Pronouns

Subject Pronouns are the ones doing the action in sentences. List of subject pronouns:

  • I
  • You
  • He
  • She
  • It
  • We
  • They

While Object Pronouns are the ones receiving the action. List of object pronouns:

  • Me
  • You
  • Him
  • Her
  • It
  • Us
  • Them.

‘You and I’ or ‘You and me’

A. To decide whether it’s ‘you and I’ or ‘you and me,’ then see if it plays the role of a subject or object in the sentence.

Example:

  • You and I got to stay for a while and see if we are going to see tomorrow.” (from that Graham Coxon song)
    • “You and I” is the subject in the sentence.
  • “The teacher should give you and me an equal treatment.”
    • “You and me” is the object in the sentence.

Important note: Never use ‘you and I’ at the end of a sentence, never use ‘you and me’ at the beginning of a sentence.

B. Another way to determine whether it is ‘I’ or ‘me’ – Check the prepositions!

  • Prepositions: At-For-With-By-To-From-Between … and many more that are most likely end with Object Pronouns!

Extra – #EngVocab:

  • Interchangeably. Arti: bisa dipakai bergantian, jadi arti dan penggunaannya sama saja
  • Equal treatment. Arti: diperlakukan sama.

Source:

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 28, 2014

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#GrammarTrivia: Comparative forms – ‘healthier’ or ‘more healthy’?

Hello, fellas. I’d like to start the article with a little story.

So, the admin happens to be working as a copywriter in an advertising agency. Writing and editing texts are part of my daily task.

Recently, I had to face an assignment which triggered an interesting debate even among my co-workers. That problem is: Should we use  ‘healthier’ or ‘more healthy’? Which one is the correct answer?

I personally noticed that both forms are common. Some texts use ‘healthier,’ while some other use ‘more healthy.’ My boss – an Australian who is a native English speaker – thinks that ‘healthier’ should be the way to go. But another co-worker thinks that ‘more healthy’ has a more comfortable feel to it. It gets even crazier as my client thinks there should always be a ‘more’ to every comparative forms! Torn between different opinion, I decided to do a small research. Turns out that there is a controversy on how to use it.

If we are referring to dictionaries like Oxford or Collins, ‘healthier’ is the way to do it. We are also familiar with the rule that stated that words with single syllable uses ‘-er.’

Does this mean that ‘more healthy’ is simply a common mistake that everyone had accustomed to? I remember an opinion stating “English is a language of exception” – because there are always exceptions in every rule. GMAT exercise books such as one published by Manhattan stated that ‘more healthy’ is the correct form. (Yes, this is the part where my head feels like exploding).

In the end, I found an interesting conclusion stating that both are actually correct. We use ‘more healthy’ when we try to add emphasis to the context. Example:

  • “Milk is healthy, skim milk is healthier, and soya milk is even more healthy.”

‘Healthier’ also tends to show up in conversational instead of written English.

Now what to do? To play it safe, I decided to go with ‘healthier.’ But we must keep in mind that language develops. Especially in oral language where the rule tends to be more fluid.

Extra

“In that case, which one is correct: funner, or more fun?” – @catwomanizer

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The word ‘fun’ itself has an informal tone in it. For formal use, ‘pleasure’ is more common.

Phew, language learning can often get a little complicated. When in doubt, refer to dictionary. But remember that sometimes there is an exception to a rule. Just like how the British had started to embrace ‘realize.’

Sources: Oxford Learners Dictionary

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 21, 2014

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