Tag Archives: Trivia


Fellas, have you ever heard of ‘lowercase aesthetic?’ It’s the act and art of turning our auto-capitalisation off and type all letters in lowercase. Examples, as taken from Billie Eilish’s YouTube channel:

How, when, and why did this trend start?

In English, and many other languages from every part of the world, we begin a sentence with an uppercase or a capital letter. The title of something also carries the capitalisation rule with it. The word ‘I’ is always typed as an uppercase.

But when it comes to internet language or online conversation, particularly a social media post or text messages, we often disregard grammatical rules including capitalisation as long as it doesn’t change the meaning of the sentence.

Lauren Fonteyn, a linguistics lecturer at the University of Manchester who studies language on the internet, concluded this phenomenon, as quoted by Mashable on this article: the surprising reasons we turn off autocaps and embrace the lowercase.

The lowercase movement can be traced back to 2015 or even earlier, when social media started seeing its ever-increasing popularity. It’s become an unwritten norm on the internet, what’s more with notable public figures or celebrities popularising it.

Those who favour lowercase believe that lowercase is more than just a utility; it subtly conveys that the person using all lowercase is hip, casual, and chill, doesn’t get riled up by little things. In short, all lowercase helps with one’s online persona. Uppercase is reserved for specific context, like conveying excitement or putting emphasis on certain word(s).

Some of the lowercase users also believe that using all lowercase in non-professional setting is somewhat liberating. It means that after hours and hours being constrained by grammatical rules while at work, one finally gets to be themselves by using all lowercase. By this, we can assume that lowercase users feel that using all lowercase is a way to express themselves.

Another interesting point to note is that many lowercase users are found on online communities, namely fandoms, where using all lowercase gives them a sense of being a part of something, a sense of belonging.

What do you think about this phenomenon, fellas? Share your thoughts.

@slvywn: i’ve been dong this for years because it looks better on my eyes

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 18 February 2021.

#GrammarTrivia: Be + To Infinitive
#GrammarTrivia: Be Supposed to
#GrammarTrivia: Irregularities in Subject-Verb Agreement (2)
#GrammarTrivia: Objects of Prepositions
#GrammarTrivia: Using ‘of’ in Expressions of Quantity

#EngTrivia: Telling time (2)

How was your day? Did you use your time wisely? In this particular article, we’ll talk about time… or rather, the different ways to tell the time.


So, how do you usually tell the time? What time is this clock showing? There is more than one way to tell the time. Let’s look into it in more detail. Ready?

1. ‘a.m.’ & ‘p.m.’

‘a.m.’ and ‘p.m.’ are used in the 12 hours clock system. They are more often used in writing.

  • ‘a.m.’ stands for ante meridiem, before noon. It indicates the time period from midnight to midday.
  • ‘p.m.’ stands for post meridiem, after noon. It indicates the time period from midday to midnight. Slide4

2. ‘to’ and ‘past’

The most common way to tell the time is to use ‘to’ and ‘past.’ This method is acceptable in verbal and written communication.

  • ‘to’ is used to show the number of minutes towards a particular hour.
    • Example:
      • If it is going to be 8 o’clock in 15 minutes, we say “It’s fifteen to eight.” Slide6
  • ‘past’ is used to show the number of minutes after a particular hour.
    • Example:
      • If the time is 15 minutes after 8 o’clock, we say “It’s fifteen past eight.” Slide7

3. Hour and minute

Another way to tell the time would be by simply saying the hour and minutes. Example:

  • If the clock shows 8:05 p.m. You can simply say, “It’s eight zero five” or “It’s eight oh five.”Slide9

With this method, you don’t need to worry whether it’s morning, afternoon, evening or night. However, do keep in mind to only use this in casual conversation. You are highly discouraged to use this method in writing, especially in formal writing.

4. ’till’ and ‘after’

Especially in American English, some people use ’till’ (until) instead of ‘to,’ and ‘after’ instead of ‘past.’

  • ’till’ is used to show the number of minutes towards a particular hour.
    • Example:
      • If it is going to be 9 o’clock in 25 minutes, we say “It’s twenty-five till nine.”Slide11
  • ‘after’ is used to show the number of minutes after a particular hour.
    • Example:
      • If the time is 15 minutes after 9 o’clock, we say “It’s fifteen after nine.”Slide12

As mentioned above, ’till’ and ‘after’ are only used in American English. And even so, they’re only used in speech; not in writing.

And that’s a wrap, fellas! I hope the explanation was clear enough. However, if you do have any question, feel free to leave a comment in the comment box.

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, April 13, 2017


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#EngTrivia: ‘On one’s mind’ vs. ‘in one’s mind’

What do you have in mind, fellas? You’ve been on my mind lately and I hope you all are doing well. There are two different phrases in the previous sentence. Can you spot the difference? Yup! It’s ‘on one’s mind’ and ‘in one’s mind.’

On one’s mind

This phrase indicates worry or preoccupation. It may imply: thinking a lot.


  • “You’ve been on my mind lately.”
    • Meaning: I’ve been thinking about you.
  • “You look worried. What’s on your mind?
    • Meaning: What is bothering you?

In one’s mind

This phrase is used to mean: in your imagination.

  • Example:
    • A: Dad! I just saw an UFO passing by on the sky.
    • B: Oh, boy. It’s just in your mind.

The meaning of ‘in your imagination’ doesn’t apply in all cases. ‘In one’s mind’ can be used to convey our thoughts.

  • Example:
    • In my mind, Civil War is better than Age of Ultron.”

In mind

There is another phrase: ‘in mind.’

We can use ‘in mind’ when asking for someone’s opinion or what they’re thinking of doing.

  • Example:
    • A: Want to go out and watching movie?
    • B: Sure. Do you have anything in mind?
    • A: Let’s watch Split.

Now, let’s take a look at this following sentence:

  • Example:
    • “Bear in mind that I don’t eat meat because I’m a vegetarian.”

In the previous sentence, ‘in mind’ or precisely ‘bear in mind’ means: to remember an information.

Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, April 12, 2017

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#EngTrivia: ‘Be careful’ vs. ‘take care’

Hi, fellas, I’m sure you are familiar with these phrases: ‘be careful’ and ‘take care.’ Generally, both phrases mean to pay attention to something or a condition.

If we check in the dictionary, ‘be careful’ means telling someone to pay attention in order to avoid dangers. Normally, we use this phrase to give a warning to somebody.


  • “It is raining, be careful while driving.”
  • “Be careful, you might fall from the tree.”

There are some phrases which share the same meaning to ‘be careful,’ i.e. ‘be alert,’ ‘beware,’ and ‘be on guard.’

Meanwhile, ‘take care’ is generally used to tell someone to treat someone/something carefully.


  • “Please take care of this document.”
  • “Please take care of my child while I’m shopping.”

Sometimes, we can say either ‘be careful’ or ‘take care’ when parting with someone after a meeting. They are used to wish someone her/his safety during the trip.

Take care’ is more common in use when parting with somebody. Meanwhile ‘be careful’ is usually used when we realize that the trip might come with negative consequence to somebody.

Other than ‘take care,’ ‘so long’ may be opted to somebody who will be away for a long time.



Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Tuesday, April 6, 2017


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#EngTrivia: Ellipsis (linguistics) & ellipsis (dot-dot-dot)

Err … what is it called again? It’s a … an ellipsis.


Ellipsis (  )

The three dots ( … ) is known as ellipsis. It is used to quote materials and to indicate hesitation or a pause in writer’s thought.

When used to quote materials, ellipsis is to show you’ve omitted words from the original sentence, but do not change the meanings.

Police said that two people had been killed by rebels … .

(The Nation, Bangkok, Wednesday 4 December 1991)


When used to indicate a pause:

“Dear boy you’re so tall … look behind and see if there’s anything coming…”

F. Scott Fitzgerald, This Side of Paradise


Ellipsis (linguistics)

Ann: Would you like a cup of tea?

Dan: Yes, I would.

Omitting part of sentences and referring to the earlier sentence/ context to make the meaning clear is also called ellipsis. We do not need to provide substitute words or phrases which have already been said. In the previous dialogue, instead of saying, “Yes, I would like a cup of tea.” we can just say “Yes, I would.” We omit some words because “Yes, I would.” will be understood.

According to Nunan (1993), as cohesive devices there are three types of ellipsis: nominal, verbal, and clausal. Following are examples of each type. The material that has been omitted is indicated with (0).

  • Nominal ellipsis:

    Don and Dan like football. Both (0) are great football players.

  • Verbal ellipsis

    A: Are you a student?

    B: Yes, I am (0).

  • Clausal ellipsis

    A: Why don’t you bring a camera? Dan said that we are going to shoot a film, didn’t he?

    B: Did he? He didn’t tell me(0).


Many experts, however, agree that there are nine types of ellipsis: gapping, stripping, VP- ellipsis, pseudogapping, answer fragments, sluicing, N-ellipsis, comparative deletion, and null complement.

Yes … it is quite confusing when it comes to linguistics. But if you need further explanation about the ellipsis (linguistics), you can find out in any books with words ‘discourse analysis.’

I hope this #EngTrivia will develop your background knowledge that is available when you later will be studying linguistics in university.


Reference: Nunan, D. 1993. Introducing Discourse Analysis. London: Penguin Books Ltd.


Compiled and written by @kusumawicitraa for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, March 31, 2017




#EngTrivia: Nym words 

#EngTrivia: ‘That’ vs. ‘Which’ 

#EngTrivia: How to use ‘Albeit’? 

#EngTrivia: See, look, watch 

#EngTrivia: Adjectival Phrase

#EngTrivia: ‘Staring’ vs. ‘gazing’

Have you ever heard or read lines like these ones below?

 Why are you staring at me?

I’m not staring. I’m gazing.

I heard those lines when I watched The Vampire Diaries. What immediately came to my mind was, “Gazing? What is that?” because all I saw was Elena was staring, but she said ‘gazing.’ So, in this article, we will have a discussion about the two words. What is the difference between ‘staring’ and ‘gazing?’

If you checked the dictionary, ‘stare‘ is defined as to look fixedly or vacantly, while ‘gaze‘ is defined as to look steadily and intently, at something or someone for a long time. They are similar. The difference is we use ‘stare to indicate senses and feelings, such as curiosity, anger, boldness, admiration, bored, stupidity, etc; while ‘gaze to indicate sense of pleasure, like awe, admiration, fascination, and love.

Here are some examples to point them out:

  1. She gazes/stares admiringly at Warren.
  2. She stares at me blankly. (You can’t use ‘gaze’ in this sentence.)
  3. I stare at him with anger. (You also can’t use ‘gaze’ in this sentence)
  4. Yudith gazes/stares at the beautiful view of the sea.
  5. He stares/gazes at his sleeping child

From the example we can say that ‘gaze’ is used to show positive feelings, while ‘stare’ is used to show both positive and negative feelings (neutral).

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Tuesday, January 31, 2017

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#GrammarTrivia: Compound possession

Which one of these two statements is grammatically correct?

“After the election, Dan’s and Miley’s businesses went bankrupt.”


“After the election, Dan and Miley’s businesses went bankrupt.”

Before we answer the question, it was actually a trick question. Both sentences are grammatically correct depending on the context.

Possession by two people

If Dan and Miley own different businesses, “Dan’s and Miley’s” is the correct usage of possessive nouns. But if Dan and Miley share the same businesses, it should be “Dan and Miley’s”.

What if the businesses are owned by Dan and me (or any other possessive pronoun)? Then it should be “Dan’s and my businesses” regardless we share the same business or not. Or if you don’t have to explain that Dan is the other owner, simply use ‘our’.

Possession by more than two people

Let’s take it up a notch, shall we?

What if the businesses are owned by Dan, Miley, and me (or any other possessive pronoun)? The correct usage of compound possession is “Dan, Miley’s, and my business”. And if we don’t share the same businesses: “Dan’s, Miley’s, and my business”.

Compiled by @bintilvice at @EnglishTips4U on Friday, November 11, 2016



#EngTrivia: Adjectival Phrase

Heyya, fellas! How did your day go? For me, today was a fairly great day.

Oh hey! Did you notice the adjective phrase in my last sentence?

Alright, fellas! As promised last Wednesday, the topic of today’s session will be on the adjectival phrase. Let’s get things going, shall we?

Before we start… What is a phrase?

Example of a phrase:



What is an adjectival phrase?


Adjectival phrase is a group of words that functions as an adjective in a sentence; it tells us something about the noun it is modifying.

Adjectival phrase has an adjective as its head and preceded and/or followed by other words.

If a group of words modifies a noun, then it is an adjectival phrase.


Where is adjectival phrase in a sentence?


An adjectival phrase can go before a noun. It can also go after a linking verb like ‘be’.

The adjective in adjectival phrase may be accompanied by other words such as modifiers, determiners, or intensifiers.


Modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that functions as an adjective or adverb to provide additional information about another word or word group.

The pre-modifier of an adjective is:

  • positioned before the head adjective and,
  • always a simple adjective or an adverb phrase.

Example – simple adjective as modifier:



Example – adverb phrase as modifier: slide9


The post-modifier,

  • positioned after the head adjective,
  • can be an adverb phrase, a prepositional phrase, or infinitive.

Example – adverb phrase as modifier: slide11


Example – prepositional phrase as modifier:slide12


Example – infinitive as modifier: slide13



Determiner is a word or a group of words that specifies, identifies, or qualifies the noun or noun phrase that follows it.

Common determiners which modify adjectives are:

  • articles,
  • qualifier,
  • distributive,
  • demonstrative adjective, and
  • possessive adjective.

Example – articles as determiner: slide14


Example – qualifier as determiner: slide15


Example – distributive as determiner: slide16


Example – demonstrative adjective as determiner: slide17


Example – possessive adjective as determiner:




Intensifier is a word or phrase which emphasize or down-tone an adjective.

Intensifiers: very, quite, rather, somewhat, so, almost, fairly, really, pretty, a bit, a little, kind of, sort of, etc.

Example – intensifier which emphasize:slide19

Example – intensifier which down-tone:slide20


Oh wow! This turned out to be a fairly long session. We’ve now come towards the end of the session. Let’s see how we can form sentences with adjectival phrase.



That’s a wrap, fellas! I hope the explanation was clear enough. If you have any question, feel free to mention us on Twitter or leave a comment below this post.

Thanks for tuning in to today’s session. Have a good rest and see you again tomorrow. XOXO

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, November 9, 2016.


Related post: #EngTrivia: How to use ‘Albeit’?

#EngTrivia: ‘See,’ ‘look,’ ‘watch’

Let’s talk about these three verbs: ‘see,’ ‘look,’ and ‘watch.’ These verbs are easily confused as they all relate to an action that we do with our eyes. So let us break down each of those verbs to understand how they differ.


If you ‘see‘ something, you are aware that the thing is there, but you may not pay attention to it.


  • “I saw a cellphone in that room, but I don’t remember what kind of phone it was. Could it be your lost phone?”

Look (at)

If you ‘look‘ at something, you intentionally try to see it, and you pay attention to it. Much like ‘menatap‘ in bahasa Indonesia. Note that we are talking about ‘look’ as an intransitive verb (not followed by object or complement), therefore it is followed by preposition ‘at.’


  • “I look at the novel that I just bought and decide that now is not the time to read such a thick novel.”


If you ‘watch‘ something, you pay attention to it for a period of time, anticipating and following any movement. Watch can mean ‘menonton‘ or ‘mengawasi‘ in Bahasa Indonesia.


  • “Could you watch my bag while I go to the restroom?”

See or watch a movie?

‘See’ and ‘watch’ are also often confused when it comes to talking about movies. So, do you ‘see’ or ‘watch’ a movie?

Well, both ‘see’ and ‘watch’ can be used to talk about movies or TV programs, but we usually say we ‘see a movie‘ when we refer to going to the theater. If you say you ‘watch a movie,’ it implies that you watch it on TV or DVD or a streaming service.

So, has that cleared up the confusion yet?

Compiled and written by @fafafin for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, October 20, 2016

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#GrammarTrivia: ‘Good’ vs. ‘well’

Good vs. Well.JPG

When we meet somebody, we frequently ask or are asked how we are doing. To those questions, we often response with, “I’m good” or “I’m well.”

You might have wondered which one of those phrases is correct.

In this #GrammarTrivia article, we are going to discuss when to use ‘good’ and ‘well.’


Describing ‘good’ and ‘well’

‘Good’ is an adjective. We use it to describe noun as ‘pleasing’ or ‘of acceptable quality.’


  • “This sandwich is really good.”

‘Well’ is an adverb, used to describe an action that is done in a pleasing way.


  • “Jonah plays the violin really well.”

Thus, when telling about an event or action, we use ‘well.’

More examples:

  • “My day had been going so well prior to her call.”
  • “I get along well with my colleagues.”
  • “You sing very well.”


‘Good’ as adverb

What could be a little confusing now, fellas, is that ‘good’ can also work as adverb in informal speech or writing.

For example:

  • “The prescription works good with my diet. The new trainee is doing really good. “(informal)

However, please be reminded that the above sentence is informal. For formal use, ‘well’ will fit better.

For example:

  • “The prescription works good with my diet. The new trainee is doing really well. “(formal)


‘Well’ as adjective

At the same time, using ‘well’ as an adjective can also be acceptable. For example, somebody is asking us about how we feel after we recover from an illness.

Q: How are you? I heard you were admitted to the hospital.
A: I’m well now, thank you very much. Just a bad case of dehydration.

In this context, using “I’m well” is more suitable since it is more specific than ‘good,’ indicating that the speaker is in good health condition.


Is there any other examples in which ‘good’ and ‘well’ confuse you, fellas? Feel free to drop a comment!


Compiled and written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 29 August, 2016


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#GrammarTrivia: ‘I’ and ‘me’

“Me and my friends went to local art festival yesterday. It was such an amazing experience for my friends and I.”

What do you think about the two sentences mentioned above? Are they grammatically correct? Although they don’t sound too weird, they are incorrect.

Both ‘I’ and ‘me’ are first person singular pronouns. It means both of them are used when a person refers to himself or herself.

What’s the difference, then?

  • ‘I’ is the subject pronoun. It’s used for the one doing the verb.
  • Meanwhile, ‘me’ is the object pronoun. It’s used as an object of the action of the verb.

Let’s try to use them in a sentence:

  • I wanted to go to business school but my mom asked me to go to medical school instead.”

It sounds too easy, doesn’t it? However, it gets a bit trickier when another subject/object is added to the context.


  • You and I should get dinner tonight.”
  • “That is a bad idea for you and me.”

The easiest way to determine the right form of pronoun is to remove the other subject/object and leave the ‘I/me’ intact.


  • I should get dinner tonight.” (correct)
  • “That is a bad idea for me.” (correct)


Let’s have a little bit of practice now, shall we?

1. (me/I) played soccer on a concrete field but then (me/I) fell. Now the bruise is killing (me/I).
I – me – me
I – me – I
I – I – me
I – I – I

2. She and (me/I) will go to the bookstore tomorrow. The teacher told her and (me/I) to do some research on Western Culture.
I – I
I – me
me – I
me – me

3. Saras and (me/I) got C on Advanced Calculus last semester. It was devastating for (me/I) and Saras.
me – me
I – I
me – I
I – me

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, September 9, 2016


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#EngTrivia: Random facts about Ramadhan

Hello, fellas! How are you today? Got any good news to share? Anyway, in less than two weeks, Ramadan will come to an end. I really don’t know what to feel about that.

But I think it’s not too late to share some random facts about Ramadan from all over the world. Today I will share some random facts about Ramadhan! Feel free to chime in at any time!

  1. In Indonesia, the time from Fajr until Iftar is approximately 13 hours. While in the Scandinavia, it takes as long as 21 hours!
  2. While in Argentina and Chile, fasting only lasts for about 9 hours.
  3. In Saudi Arabia, Iftar is completely free in Masjid al-Haram. The government and the donors have to provide at least USD 134.000 every day! It’s about 1.8 billion in Rupiah.
  4. Many countries have their own special menu for iftar, but dates are universally the fast-breaking food of choice.
  5. Because of the difference between Hijri year and the traditional solar year, Ramadan falls earlier each year.
  6. Most dieticians would agree that fasting is not an effective diet plan. The slow metabolism often gives way to binge eating at night.
  7. In certain countries, Muslims that are caught not fasting during Ramadhan can be sentenced to time in prison!

Well, I guess that’s it for now, Fellas! See ya!

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, June 24, 2016

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#GrammarTrivia: Non-continuous verbs

Just like our days, English verbs are not all the same either. They are usually divided into 3 groups. One of the groups is called non-continuous verbs or stative verbs. Anyone knows any of these verbs?

A stative verb is one that describes a state of being, in contrast to a dynamic verb which describes an action. These verbs are usually the things you cannot see in someone.

Stative verbs include:

  • Abstract verbs, for example to be, to want, to cost, to seem, to need, to care, to contain, to owe, to exist, etc.
  • Possession verbs, like to possess, to own, to belong, etc.
  • Emotion verbs, such as to like, to love, to hate, to dislike, to fear, to envy, to mind, etc.

Stative verbs are rarely used in continuous/progressive tenses.

  • Example:
    • “John knows the answer,” not “John is knowing the answer.”
    • “He wants a drink now,” not “He is wanting a drink now.”

That’s it for this session. Don’t miss our upcoming sessions.


Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 3 February, 2016

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#EngTrivia: Colors meaning

Fellas, do you know that every color has different meaning? In this article, I’d like to share some trivia about colors and their meaning.

1. Red

It is used for stop signs, danger signals, and brake lights because it has excellent visibility in darkness. Red has a stimulating effect that may cause restlessness and insomnia if used in bedrooms.

Phrases example:

  • ‘paint the town red,’ ‘red-neck,’ ‘not worth a red cent,’ ‘caught red-handed,’ ‘red-carpet treatment.’

2. Yellow

It has good visibility qualities, thus it’s used as “caution sign”, such as in traffic light and traffic-lane dividers. In 10th-century France, the doors of felons, traitors, and criminals were painted yellow. It is also a suitable color for a studying room because it has a stimulating effect on the mind.

Phrases example:

  • ‘Yellow fever,’ ‘yellow journalism,’ ‘yellow streak down your back,’ ‘yellow (cowardly).’

3. White

It is a mixture of all colors. It symbolizes purity, joy, and innocence. Therefore angels were always dressed in white. It reflects heat thus it is often worn in hot climates.

Phrases example:

  • ‘White Christmas,’ ‘white elephant,’ ‘dead white,’ ‘whitewash,’ ‘white collar,’ ‘white lies,’ ‘white lightning.’

4. Blue

It is most associated with air mail and the navy. Blue is suitable for rooms which used for relaxation and rest, also it creates a feeling of space in a small room.

Phrases example:

  • ‘Feeling blue,’ ‘singing the blues,’ ‘once in a blue moon,’ ‘blue blood,’ ‘blueprint,’ ‘Bluebird of Happiness.’

5. Black

It’s associated with death and mourning in almost every countries. Combination of black and yellow is used frequently on street signs as well as for advertising.

Phrases example:

  • ‘Black death,’ ‘Black Friday,’ ‘blackout,’ ‘black magic,’ ‘black as sin,’ ‘blacklist,’ ‘blackjack,’ ‘black market.’

What do you think of the trivia, fellas? Aren’t they interesting?

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4u on Saturday, May 14, 2016

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#EngTrivia: English fun facts (5)

  1. The word ‘queue’ is pronounced the same way when the last 4 letters are removed. ‘Queue’ is pronounced (kyo͞o).
  2. There are more English words begin with the letter ‘S’ than with any other letter. Go check your dictionary, fellas!
  3. The word ‘mortgage’ comes from a French word that means ‘death contract.’ Mortgage = surat gadai
  4. ‘Time’ is the most commonly used noun in English.
  5. The shortest complete sentence in the English language is ‘go.’ So, let me say, “Go!”
  6. Phrases in English such as “long time no see,” “no go,” and “no can do” come from literal translation of Chinese phrases.
  7. The day after tomorrow is called ‘overmorrow.’ It’s rarely used nowadays tho.
  8. ‘Dreamt’ and its derivatives are the only common English words that end in ‘mt.’
  9. The word ‘idiot,’ ‘imbecile,’ and ‘moron’ were originally medical categories for intellectual disability.
  10. English words ‘I,’ ‘we,’ ‘two,’ and ‘three’ are among the most ancient, from thousands of years.

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 24, 2016


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#EngTrivia: It’s/That’s a given

In this occassion, I’d like to share about an expression used to state the obvious.

Let’s say you are talking to a fellow Game of Thrones fans.

  • You: “Ramsay Bolton is so evil. No wonder everyone hates him.”
  • Friend: “Yeah, that’s a given. He’s a psychopath.”

Yep, the expression is, “It’s/that’s a given.”

It’s/that’s a given‘ is often used to describe something that’s obviously true and not expected to change soon. The expression is synonymous with;

  • ‘everyone knows,’
  • ‘it goes without saying’ and
  • ‘there’s no denying.’


Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, June 27, 2016


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#EngTrivia: Commonly confused words (2)

In this article, we will be sharing some commonly confused words.


  • Adverse. Meaning: unfavourable, harmful.
  • Averse. Meaning: strongly disliking; opposed.


  • Advice. Meaning: recommendations about what to do.
  • Advise. Meaning: to recommend something.


  • Affect. Meaning: to change or make a difference to.
  • Effect. Meaning: a result; to bring about a result.


  • Aisle. Meaning: a passage between rows of seats.
  • Isle. Meaning: an island.


  • Altar. Meaning: a sacred table in a church.
  • Alter. Meaning: to change.


  • Complement. Meaning: an addition that improves something.
  • Compliment. Meaning: to praise or express approval; an admiring remark.


  • Ensure. Meaning: to make certain that something will happen.
  • Insure. Meaning: to provide compensation if a person dies or property is damaged.


That’s all I can share for now, fellas. I hope this article could be useful for you!

Compiled and written by @waitatiri at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, July 5, 2016


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#EngTrivia: The use of ‘then’ and ‘with’

In this article, we’re going to discuss the use of ‘then’ and ‘with’ in a sentence. Before we get to how the words are used, let’s check out their meaning. We’ll start with ‘then.’


The word ‘then’ has three kinds of meaning.

First, it means ‘at that time.’ Example:

  • “Our family moved to the US fifteen years ago. I was just three years old then.”
  • “We can’t leave for the cinema at 9PM. By then, the movie will have finished.”

Secondly, ‘then’ is used to indicate what will happen next, what is next in a series, and what is in addition to the main item. Example:

  • “He blinked silently for a moment, and then roared with laughter.”
  • “The professor gave us too many assignments. First, the 1,000-word essay, and then a pile of books to read.”
  • “You can’t let a 14-year-old kid drive to school. It’s dangerous. And then, he’s not of age yet.”

Next, ‘then’ means ‘in that case,’ ‘according to that,’ and ‘as it appears.’ ‘Then’ is used after ‘but’ to qualify previous statement, and indicates necessary consequences. Example:

  • “Wear my jacket, then. It’s too cold.”
  • “He preferred taking an internship at local government office rather than going to university this year. He made up his mind, then.”
  • “He drove under influence on Saturday night and hit another vehicle. The cause of the accident, then, is established.”
  • “She got terrible grades in Math, but then again she was never interested with the subject.”
  • “If the data entry was correct, then system would automatically give you the right answer.”


Now, on to ‘with.’ The word indicates people or things are together in one place, two or more people doing something together, and used to describe someone or something having a particular characteristic, possession, etc. Example:

  • “The copy is saved with the original document.”
  • “Whom are you travelling with?”
  • “I came to realise she’s somebody I need to be with.” Alternative: “I came to realize I need to be with somebody like her.”
  • “I haven’t seen Mia for two days. I think she’s still down with the fever.”
  • “Have you seen my dog? It’s a pitbull with brown fur, blue collar, and eyes that can melt your heart.”


Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, May 17, 2016


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