Tag Archives: to

#GrammarTrivia: Verb + Preposition (‘With,’ ‘to,’ and ‘on’)

This time, I’d like to talk about grammar. In particular, I’ll be talking about ‘Verb + Preposition’ with ‘with,’ ‘to,’ and ‘on.’

Verb + ‘with’

i.e.:

  • Provide with,
  • collide with,
  • fill (something) with.

Study the following example sentences:

  • “The school provides all its students with books.”
  • “There was an accident this morning. A bus collided with a car.”
  • “Take this saucepan and fill it with water.”

Verb + ‘to’

i.e.:

  • Happen to,
  • prefer one thing/person to another.

Study the following example sentences:

  • “What happened to the gold watch you used to have?”
  • “I prefer tea to coffee.”

Verb + ‘on’

i.e.:

  • Concentrate on,
  • insist on.

Study the following example sentences:

  • “Don’t look out of the window. Concentrate on your work.”
  • “I wanted to go alone but they insisted on coming with me.”

Source:

  • English Grammar in Use (Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press).

Compiled by @aditriasmara at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, September 29, 2014

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#EngVocab: Starts with “to-“

So today we are having another #EngVocab session :) This time, starting with “to-” taken from the New Webster’s Dictionary :D Here they are!

1. Toboggan: n. a long, narrow sled of flat boards, used for coasting downhill on ice or snow

Toboggan: v.i. to ride on a toboggan || to fall rapidly in value

2. Toil: n. hard effort || a task performed with such effort

3. topple/toppling/toppled: v.i. to fall || to be on the point of falling over || v.t. to cause to fall from a position of power

4. Toreador: n. a bullfighter, especially one on horseback

5. Torpid: adj. having ceased to move or feel for a period, e.g. in hibernation || noun form = torpidity

6. Topaz: n. a mineral gemstone, the yellow topaz being the most precious.

7. Toupee: n. a small wig used to hide baldness || a wig

8. Tortuous: adj. having many twists and turns || not frank or straightforward || hard to follow because involved

9. Tourniquet: n. a bandage for temporarily stopping bleeding by compression.

10. Townsfolk: n. the people of a town.

Thank you for your kind attention fellas and hope the #EngVocab is useful :) I hope you are having a good fast breaking :D See you tomorrow!

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on July 23, 2013

#GrammarTrivia: the word ‘to’

I bet you know what ‘to’ means.. Or do you? If you check the dictionary, you would notice the two letter word have tons of meaning. We’re not going to talk about all of them. But we’ll have a look at 4 of its functions.

1. as preposition of movement

To’ indicates the place you reach as a result of moving. The phrase that contains ‘to’ is called ‘to-phrase‘. ‘to-phrase’ follows:

  1. a verb.
    • Example:
      • walk to school. Walk =verb
  2. a noun.
    • Example:
      • the bus to Malang. The bus = noun

In the examples above, the ‘to-phrases’ are: ‘to school‘ and ‘to Malang‘. Here’s the structure:

  1. “walk to school” = verb + to-phrase
  2. “the bus to Malang” = noun + to-phrase

Example sentence using:

  1. ‘verb + to-phrase’ structure: “I walk to school every day.”
  2. ‘noun + to-phrase’ structure: “She’s been waiting for the bus to Malang for half an hour.”

‘from’ and ‘to’

‘to’ can also be used with ‘from’.

Structure:

from + noun phrase + to + noun phrase.

Example:

  • from Jogja to Semarang”.

In a sentence:

  • “They usually travel from Jogja to Semarang by train.”

A. ‘from .. to’ to indicate distance

The ‘from .. to’ structure can also be used to indicate distance.

Example:

  • “How far is it from Bandar Lampung to Palembang?”

B. ‘from .. to’ to express change of state

Besides distance, ‘from .. to’ can also be used to express change of state.

Example:

  • “The light changes from red to green.”

2. to show time

To’ indicates the end-point of a time period. There are 2 ways of using it:

  • with ‘from’

‘from .. to’ to indicate the end-point of a time period.

Example:

“We will be having our final test from Monday to Friday.”

  • without ‘from’

Without ‘from’, ‘to’ cannot be used alone. We use ‘until’ or ‘up to’ instead.

Example:

“We will have our test until Friday.”

However, American English prefers the use of ‘through’ to ‘to’.

Example:

“We will have our test from Monday through Friday.”

3. to indicate receiver

To’ to indicate ‘receiver’ is usually followed by a person.

Example:

  • “I’m giving this present to you.” The receiver = you.

The receiver in “I’m giving this present to you.” is what we call as ‘indirect object’. The direct object: this present.

‘to + receiver’ is usually used this way (as indirect object). Other verbs used this way are: offer, hand, lend, owe.

Structure:

Subject

Verb

Direct object

to

Indirect object

I

am giving

this present

to

you

A. ‘to’ as the receiver of a message

‘to’ also points to the ‘receiver’ of a message.

Example:

  • “I just sent an email to a friend.”
  • “Do you have something to say to me?”

4. the use in idioms

‘To’ is also used to form many ‘prepositional verbs’ and ‘phrasal-prepositional verbs’.

Examples of prepositional verbs:

  • belong to,
  • listen to,
  • believe in,
  • talk about,
  • wait for.
  • Read: Phrasal Verbs 1.

Examples of phrasal-prepositional verbs:

 

‘to’ also follows some adjectives. Examples:

  • close to,
  • due to,
  • similar to,
  • used to (used with ‘be’ = ‘I’m used to..’).

Prepositional verbs, phrasal-prepositional verbs, and ‘adjective + to’ structure form ‘idioms’. Ring a bell?

Well, that’s it. A little #GrammarTrivia on the use and function of ‘to’. I hope it is useful for you.

 

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, April 29, 2013

 

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^MQ