Tag Archives: tips

#EngTips: IELTS vs. TOEFL (2)

If we are not an English native speaker but we are planning to study or work abroad, in some stage of the application, we will need to also attach our IELTS or TOEFL score to our application. Both tests aim to assess our English proficiency and make sure that we are able to communicate well in English.

What are IELTS and TOEFL?

International English Language Test System (IELTS) is an English language test that is used for educational, immigration and occupational purposes, and is accepted by over 9,000 institutions across 130 countries worldwide. Jointly administered by the British Council, University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations and IDP Education Australia, IELTS uses British English, and is more likely to be favoured by UK and institutions in Commonwealth nations such as New Zealand and Australia. Depending on the entry requirements of the program, we might need to take either the Academic or General Training IELTS exam.

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) tests our ability to communicate in English in specifically academic, university and classroom-based settings. It is accepted by over 8,500 institutions across 130 countries, including the UK, USA and Australia, as well as all of the world’s top 100 universities. TOEFL is administered by US-based organization, the Education Testing Service, and so is conducted in American English. This test is more likely to be favoured by American institutions.

Similarities between IELTS and TOEFL

Both test our four main language skills: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. IELTSn Indonesia is similar to other countries, and so is TOEFL, that is why the scoring system is consistent all over the world.

Both tests also cost within the same price range, USD 150 – USD 250 per test per person.

Differences between IELTS and TOEFL

1. Scoring system

IELTS band score ranges from 1 to 9. The score report is valid for two years. We will generally aim to 6.5 to 7 to be considered as a ‘competent’ to ‘good’ user of English language.

TOEFL scores come in two versions. TOEFL Internet Based Test (TOEFL iBT) is more progressive, but test administration in some countries still uses the Paper Based Test (PBT). iBT score ranges from 0 to 120, while PBT ranges from 310 to 677.

The following spreadsheet shows the link between IELTS and TOEFL iBT score.

IELTS & TOEFL scoring system

2. Reading module

The IELTS test has a wide range of question types, while TOEFL test is multiple choices only. IELTS reading test lasts 60 minutes. Reading in TOEFL takes approximately 60 to 80 minutes.

3. Listening module

The IELTS listening test is 30 minutes, while TOEFL is 60 minutes. IELTS has a range of different questions including sentence completion, matching headings, and True, False or Not Given. The TOEFL test is multiple choices only.

We will also hear a range of different accents from English speaking countries such as Ireland, Wales, Scotland, the USA, Canada and Australia on the IELTS test whereas the TOEFL test will always be standard American English.

4. Speaking module

IELTS speaking test consists of 3 sections and its total duration is 15 minutes. In the test, we will have a face-to-face conversation with native English speaker.

In TOEFL speaking test, based on more recently used iBT, we will be talking to the computer. For those who don’t really have time to conduct IELTS, because it’s usually conducted during office hours, taking TOEFL iBT might be more suitable. The test will last for 20 minutes.

5. Writing module

IELTS has two different types of writing test: writing for Academic Training and General Training. Academic is suitable for those hoping to attend university, while General Training is mostly used for immigration purposes.

Both types have total duration 1 hour. In the Academic paper, we will be required to write a short essay based on a given graph, chart, map or cycle diagram. In the General Training paper, we will be asked to write a letter and a short essay on a particular topic.

TOEFL writing test consists of two tasks. The total duration is 50 minutes. In the first task, we need to read a text and then listen to a 2-minute lecture on the same topic. We must then write a short response to a specific question on that topic. The second task is a longer discursive essay on a particular issue, similar to a university style academic essay.

Which test to take?

Normally, the institutions we are applying to would specify which test to take. If they can accept either, the following table can be your consideration.

IELTS TOEFL
I like talking to people one-on-one. I prefer talking to a computer.
I like to write by hand. I am better at typing than handwriting.
I can understand a variety of English-speaking accents. I find American accents easy to listen to.
I find it difficult to concentrate for long periods of time. I can concentrate for long periods of time.
I prefer shorter tests. I can easily follow a lecture and take notes.
I prefer different types of questions. I like multiple choice questions.

Source:
Wikipedia
www.hotcoursesabroad.com
www.ieltsadvantage.com
 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, March 6, 2017

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#EngTalk: Your learning method

Today I want to open a small talk session about learning English. I used to hate English. Why? Because it’s complicated. It has too many grammars, difficult pronounce, and it stressed me out. But then I saw my friends who were expert in English. They looked really cool because they can communicate with foreigners. I want to be like them who are able to be friends with people from another country.

Since that day, I realized that I should not be enslaved by my negative thoughts towards English. If I want to be excellent like them, I should change the way I think about English. I should start to love it in order to enjoy learning English. And in my case, I also modified the way I studied.

You might have read our article in Kumparan about improving English vocabulary and reading skill (https://kumparan.com/english-tips-for-you/tips-menambah-vocabulary-dan-kemampuan-membaca-dalam-bahasa-inggris). I have a similar method to improve my English skill. Do you have your own method? How do you learn English?

I love reading and I started to read English books more often. It was hard for me at first because there were a lot of words which I have never seen before. It was troublesome because whenever I caught unfamiliar words, I would open my dictionary.

“I started reading news articles…” – @patibenitez7

“I use game on my phone to improve my English skill.” – @Ursula_Meta

“Exactly, I learn english by reading fanfiction, watching movies, dramas, interviews, variety shows, ryan higa’s vids.” – @iyegati

People always say that the beginning is always the hardest. The more I read, the more vocabularies I picked up and I started to open the dictionary less frequently. I also started to write my daily journal in English. It successfully ‘forced’ me to memorize the meaning of vocabularies and how to use them in sentences.

Lastly, I also varied my reading genre. I started to read news articles to get to know more scientific vocabularies. You can also read any genre according to you interest. Language is a habit. You also can’t understand it while you are under pressure . To improve, you have to study and implement what you picked up in your daily life activities.

 

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, January 24, 2017

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#EngTips: Ways to say ‘goodbye’

Sometimes, it is really hard to say goodbye, whether to a routine, a friend, a lover, or a group of people you didn’t know would miss. As the title suggests, we will talk about ways to say “goodbye”. We know how hard it is to say goodbye and we will try to help you out!

We are not going to tell you how to say “goodbye” to someone you will meet again tomorrow or sometime next week; you already know how to. Instead we are going to give you some tips on how to deal with a much harder “goodbye”.

The hardest goodbye is when we do not know if or when we will ever meet again, especially if the memories are unforgettable. How do you usually deal with such goodbye?

Here is our first tip: be present.

It is okay to savor the very last moments, but do not think of the memories you shared or what will happen after the goodbye. Be here and now, emotionally, physically, and mentally. Do what you usually do until the time to say goodbye comes.

Second, end it on a positive note.

Instead of crying your feelings out, try smiling that bursts to a tear. It helps the last memories you shared become beautiful.

Third and last, do not try to prevent the inevitable.

Do not prolong the goodbye. Do not try to make them stay. It is going to make it harder for you to accept reality.

Bonus tips:

After the goodbye, do not try to forget the memories. Cherish them instead. Believe that the memories help you to become better.

Well, I guess it is time for me to say goodbye to you, Fellas! Thank you for such a beautiful year! But do not forget that we are still going to be here next year.

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, December 30, 2016


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#EngTips: Effective Internet searching

We use the internet to search for something quite frequently. I bet some of you found this website from search engines too. It’s important to know the effective way to perform a search so that you don’t waste too much time sorting the results to find what you’re really looking for. So, I hope these tips would be useful for you.

  1. When possible use unique, specific terms. Carefully choose three or more keywords to retrieve more specific result. For example, English dictionary windows 8 can return more specific result than dictionary software as the search query.
  2. Use quotation marks for exact phrases. For example, searching for lunar eclipse using quotation marks (“lunar eclipse”) will return only the phrase in the exact order, thus excluding pages that contain only “lunar” or “eclipse” that aren’t exactly about lunar eclipse.
  3. Exclude articles (a, the), pronouns (it, they), conjunctions (and, or) or prepositions (to, from) when they aren’t important.
  4. Avoid redundant terms.Examples of artificial intelligence we are using in daily life” can be reduced to “example artificial intelligence daily life.” Another example: “wish vs hope” can return more relevant results than “the difference between wish and hope.”
  5. Use more than one search engines when necessary, like when you need to find as many resources as possible. For instance, I used library directories, Google scholar as well as Google search to find research papers for my thesis topic.
  6. If you can’t find what you’re looking for in the first 20 result, go no further. Reformulate your search using different keyword, or…
  7. Use advanced search to refine your search results. Advanced search tools are really useful and usually not that hard to get used to.
  8. Check the help page of the search engine. They usually have unique tips on how to perform effective search using their search tools.

 

Compiled and written by @Fafafin for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, October 6, 2016

 

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#EngTips: Mathematics word problems

In mathematics, the term “word problem” is often used to refer to any mathematical exercise which significant background information on the problem is presented as text rather than in mathematical notation.

Steps to solve word problems:

  1. Read the problem carefully, understand it.
  2. Underline the key words or the operation words and think about them.
  3. Do your working. Draw a picture if needed and write a number sentence for the problem, solve it.
  4. Carry the answer. Check your answer and communicate the solution, explain it.

Key words and catch phrases for word problems:

  1. Addition words: ‘add’, ‘altogether’, ‘both’, ‘in all’, ‘sum’, ‘total’, ‘combined’.
  2. Subtraction words: ‘difference’, ‘fewer’, ‘how many more’, ‘how much more’, ‘left’, ‘less’, ‘minus’, ‘need to’, ‘remains’, ‘subtract’, ‘-er’.
  3. Multiplication words: ‘times’, ‘every’, ‘at this rate’.
  4. Division words: ‘each’, ‘average’, ‘evenly’, ‘equal parts’, ‘distribute’, ‘separate’, ‘split’.

Why don’t you try some exercises.


PRACTICE:

  1. Elin has six more balls than Mei. Mei has nine balls. How many balls does Elin have?
  2. Jane has nine oranges and Sani has seven oranges. How many oranges do Jane and Sani have together?
  3. Ken’s apple weighs 100 grams, and Dan’s apple weighs 80 grams. How heavier is Ken’s apple?
  4. Kim buys 2 apples everyday. How many apples does she buy in a week?
  5. Ed reads 25 words per minute. At this rate, how many words does he read in one hour?
  6. Nick has 75 pencils and 15 boxes. How many pencils should he pack in each box so each box gets the same number of pencils?

ANSWERS:

  1. Fifteen.
  2. Sixteen.
  3. 20 grams.
  4. Fourteen.
  5. 1500.
  6. Five.

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 4, 2016


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#EngTips: How To Be Productive

Here are some tips on to be more productive I’ve collected for you to try. Grab your notes, fellas!

1. Write it down.
Grab your pen and paper! Every task should be written down to free your mind from trying to remember them.

2. Distance yourself from any distraction.
Turn off your phone, disconnect the internet, and give yourself time to focus on work.

3. Do the hardest task first!
Finish the most overwhelming task first so you can enjoy the rest of the day finishing other tasks.

4. Give the Pomodoro Technique a try!
The Pomodoro Technique is a time management method developed by Francesco Cirillo in 1990s. It is named after the tomato-shaped kitchen timer that Cirillo used as a university student. Here’s the step-by-step of the method:

  1. Pick a task and break it down to some smaller ones if possible.
  2. Set your timer for 25 minutes.
  3. Work on the task until your timer rings, then put a check on your list.
  4. Take a five-minute break. Get up and move your body to keep you fresh.
  5. Repeat the the step! You can take a longer break after finishing 4 Pomodoros.

Here’s an infographic about it:

tumblr_nnjxvcPVbz1senxz2o1_500.png

May these tips be helpful to y’all procrastinator out there!

 

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, August 13, 2016

 

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#EngTips: How to improve your English listening skills

This article is dedicated to one of our fellas, @randwiu, and to every one of you who wants to improve your listening skills. As every tip should be, you will need basic knowledge and comprehension in English. So pay attention to your teachers/lecturers in class.

  1. Listen to not only one English audio source.
    • If you like songs, you should also try listening to news, English speaking YouTube channels, or movies.
    • Note: Be careful when learning from pop cultures. They usually use slangs and are grammatically incorrect.
    • To avoid this kind of mistake, always refer to English textbooks or dictionaries when in doubt.
    • ”or google by typing “what does blablabla mean” on the engine” – @anissafebr <~ This one is extremely helpful in emergency situation.
  2.  Try not to use subtitles or closed caption when you’re watching videos.
    • My personal trick is trying to understand TV shows without subtitles, and then re-watch it with subtitles.
    • It takes a little more time, but that way you could see whether your comprehension is correct or incorrect.
  3. Speak it out!
    • Understanding how it sounds is not enough; you must practice to pronounce it yourself.
    • You could use a partner or do it in groups or at least do it by yourself in front of the mirror.
  4. Listen to accents.
    • Every accent is unique. Listening to different kinds of accent can help you understand English better.
  5. Practice with native speakers and non-native speakers.
    • This tip has the same principal with the one before. Listening to various English pronunciations helps a lot.
    • I once went to the airport just so I can talk to foreigners. It was a thrilling experience, really.
  6. Listen, listen, and listen.
    • Repeated and continuous practices are always the best way to do it. Don’t give up too easily.
    • It could be tiring, or it could be very fun. It depends on your motivation.
  7. Set high targets but don’t push yourself too hard.
    • You could start easy (listen to songs and then read the lyrics), and then move to movies or news or something more formal.

Alright, fellas! That’s all I can share for now. Do you have more tips to share? If you do, feel free to leave it in the comment box below.

 

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, April 8, 2016

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#EngTips: How to RSVP

RSVP is the acronym for répondez s’il vous plaît, French for ‘please respond‘. It shows that the hosts are asking us to let them know whether we’re coming to their event.

When invited to an event, it is proper etiquette to respond promptly and politely. By responding to RSVP, you help the hosts arrange seating, catering, etc.

RSVP is usually sent out for events such as wedding reception, dinner party, dance party, birthday party and other official or diplomatic events.

Common format:

RSVP by [date] to [email address or phone number].

Example:

  • RSVP by August 31st, 2016 to etifoyu@gmail.com or (021)654321

 

Or if you’re asking to RSVP on website:

Please RSVP on our website at [web address] by [date].

Example:

  • Please RSVP on our website at englishtips4u.com by August 31st, 2016.

 

You can reply an RSVP immediately or within 24 hours. A quick response shows your enthusiasm and gratefulness to be invited. Or, you can also wait until the deadline to respond. Though this might signal that the event doesn’t thrill you on first thought.

Do we have to respond to every invitation? Yes! Wouldn’t you be devastated if you’re hosting and ignored?

 

Accepting RSVP

Simple way to accept an RSVP:

Subject: Accepting your invitation for [event name]

Thank you for inviting me to [event name] on [date]. I will be attending, and if you are preparing name tags, please put [your preferred name] on mine.

Kind regards [or your usual closing phrase].

[Signature]

 

Casual way to accept an RSVP:

[Name] accepts with pleasure the kind invitation to [event name] on [date].

 

Note how event name & date are repeated in the response. It is to confirm that you get the details right.

 

Declining RSVP

Simple way to decline an RSVP:

Subject: Declining your invitation for [event name]

Thank you for inviting me to [event name] on [date], but I am unable to attend.

Kind regards [or your usual closing phrase].

[Signature]

 

Casual way to decline an RSVP:

[Name] regrets that he/she/they are unable to accept the kind invitation to [event name] on [date].

 

Respond to RSVP even if you won’t be attending. It’s considered rude not to respond.

Worried hosts going to beg if you decline? The best way to avoid such awkwardness is to respond via email.

If you decline for whatever reason, you do not have to offer an explanation officially.
However, if you decline an invitation from a close friend, you may wish to offer an explanation in private. Just keep it as brief as possible.

 

When in doubt

If you’re not sure, please say:

“I’m not sure if I can make it, but I’ll let you know as soon as possible.”

And… make sure to let them know as soon as possible to aid her planning of the party.

Regardless of how you respond, always thank the host for the invitation. It’s a privilege to celebrate key events with them.

 

Canceling RSVP

What if something unexpected happened, but you have accepted an RSVP?
In the event of illness, death in the family, or unavoidable business conflict, canceling an RSVP is completely acceptable.

Call your host immediately. The telephone is the quickest way to reach someone and will save your host unwanted surprises. Canceling or going no show on the last minute without news is considered extremely inconsiderate towards your host’s efforts.

Now is the right time to check your inbox. Have you forgotten to respond to any invitation lately?

 

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, August 7, 2016

 

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#EngTips: Nosy questions and how to answer them

Meeting relatives is fun, but also has its downsides. For example, frequently asked nosy questions. Yes, “Where’s your girlfriend/boyfriend?”, “Have you graduated yet?”, and so on. Sometimes it gets really annoying, doesn’t it?

How do you usually respond to these questions? Below are a few tips that might prove useful.

1. Answer with another question.

This one is a rather aggressive approach in answering the questions. It may be impolite to some people, so be careful.

If you’re asked by a cousin or relative of the same age, you can use this method. Don’t forget to add laughter or a smile to make it less threatening.

2. Comment on the question rather than answering.

“That’s a good question.” sounds like you’re answering a question regarding your presentation. But it works most of the time, because the people who ask you these questions mostly just making small talk.

Or you could simply say “Let’s just hope for the best.” and add a meaningful smile at the end of your statement.

3. Pass the answer to said question to another person. (my personal favorite)

Almost every time someone drops an annoying question, I directed the question to anyone around me.

  • Q: When are you going to get married?

  • A: Just ask Mom. She’s my decision maker.

Another form of this method is to direct the question to someone that isn’t even there. For example, direct it to your boyfriend or girlfriend or anyone that isn’t related to you but might influence your decision.

4. Pretend you don’t understand the question.

Act puzzled. Act dumb. Or at least ask the questioner to repeat the question. As I said before, most people aren’t that curious with your life. They are just making small talk. But if they insist, they will be baffled by your inability to respond to their question. They will get tired eventually.

5. Answer honestly, if you want to.

This is probably the best approach if you want to convert the small talk into something more serious. If you have the honest answer and are not tired of answering the question, just answer the question.

6. Just smile (and wave).

Smile. Smile. Smile. And then probably divert the question into another subject. It’s just like The Penguins of Madagascar: Just smile and wave, boys. Smile and wave.

Drop a comment if you have more tips to add.

 

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, July 8, 2016

 


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#EngTips: How to Apologize in English

I have been listening to this song a lot lately. Well, in this post,  we are not gonna talk about the song. Instead, we will give you tips on how to apologize in English.

There are some expressions you can use to apologize. We are going to give you some of them.

  1. Sorry. It is a very common, simple apology and there are several situations we can use it in.
    • Example:
      • when we bump into someone on the street (“Sorry”).
      • Or when we are sympathising with someone (“I’m sorry to hear that”).
  2. I’m so/very/extremely/terribly sorry. This is similar to ‘sorry’ but adding an extra word makes the meaning stronger.
    • Example:
      • “I am terribly sorry for forgetting you birthday yesterday.”
  3. I apologize for/ I’d like to apologize for. This is a more formal way of saying sorry.
    • Example:
      • “I apologise for not replying your email sooner.”
  4. Please accept my (sincere) apologies. This is a very formal way of apologizing, especially when the word ‘sincere’ is included.
    • Example:
      • “Please accept my sincere apologies for the misunderstanding. We will correct the mistakes.”
  5. How careless of me! This phrase is used when we criticize ourselves for making a mistake.
    • Example:
      • “I just scratched your car, how careless of me! I’ll take it to a garage.”

 

Compiled and written by @FaridArdian for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 13 January, 2016

 

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#EngTips: How to be a great public speaker

Hi, fellas! Here are some tips for better public speaking skill. Check them out!

1. Define the purpose of your speaking, whether you want to inform, inspire, or persuade your audience. Knowing your ultimate purpose will help you stay focused through the preparation process.

2. Start to prepare your material by doing a deep research from A-Z of things you wanna talk about. Then pick a few powerful ideas that your audience will remember. Make it as simple as possible.

3. Memorize your concept instead of all the content. Do this by creating bullet points of the content, stories, and data.

4. If you use slides, make sure that eyes are on you, not the slides.

5. Here are some tips for your slide presentation.

6. Meet and chat up with your audience in advance to warm you up and make more engagement.

7.Try to connect with your audience by being self-effacing, humorous and real.

8. Tell your own stories to make your messages more memorable.

9. Keep the audience involved by asking question. Ask them to give some examples or tell their stories.

10. Last but not least, master your speaking by practicing regularly. Because we all know that practice make perfect.

Good luck with your public speaking, fellas! :)

Source:

 

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4u on Saturday, April 30, 2016

 

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#EngTips: Faults to avoid in writing business letters (2)

In #EngTips: Faults to avoid in writing business letters, we’ve talked about a couple of things you shouldn’t do in writing business letters. This time, we’ll continue the topic with a couple more tips.

Let’s get started!

 

4. Needless inversion

In good writing, inversion is used in order to give freshness and force. However, when overdone, it not only becomes very wearisome, but also positively nauseating to anyone who loves the beauty of English language. In business letters, try to avoid using this kind of sentence:

“Greater value than this, never have we offered.”

You should just write:

“We have never offered greater value than this.”

 

5. Words misused

People with limited vocabularies are forced to use the relatively few words they know without any regard for their precise meaning. This is an example of misused word in business letter:

“This most unique Delivery Service…”

“Most unique” is absurd. Either a thing is unique or it is not. The word “unique” means the only one of its kind, and is capable of no qualification.

 

6. Colloquial expressions

Vigorous and vivid language is to be preferred to pompous phraseology, but colloquial expressions should not degenerate into slang. You should simply state what you mean. Try not to use this kind of expression:

“You keep asking us for suggestions and every time we submit an idea, you give it the bird.”

The idiom “give (something) the bird” is an informal way of stating that you disapprove something. In business letters, you should just say “you keep turning it down.”

 

Compiled by @iismail21 for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 3 April, 2016

 

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#EngTips: How to develop great ideas

In this post, we’d like to share some tips so you can develop more great ideas. Stay tuned!

  1. Set some time aside to think regularly. It will train your mind to relax.
  2. Find a particular space and create your own creative space. Thinking regularly in a particular place & situation can help, too.
  3. Put yourself in challenging situations. It’s proved that your mind works better when it’s overwhelmed
  4. Read more books, surf the web, and keep information on a journal. Journal is a great way to structure&develop ideation habits.
  5. Drop all data you’ve collected and put it out of your mind. Let your subconscious do the work.
  6. Then we’ll come to an “Aha!” moment when a great idea hits us. But don’t accept them immediately, criticize your ideas to expand and uncover possibilities you might have otherwise overlooked.
  7. It’s okay to have some bad ideas instead of having none. It’s proved that people with bad ideas would likely to have more good ones, as well.

 

Source:

http://www.inc.com/kevin-daum/7-ways-to-generate-great-ideas.html


 

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4u on Saturday, March 26, 2016

 

Related post(s):

#EngTips: How to be productive

#EngTips: How to write a thank you letter

#EngTips: How to improve your English listening skills

#EngTips: How to RSVP

#EngTips: How to write concisely

 

^MQ

#EngTips: Faults to avoid in writing business letters

In this post, we’ll talk about some faults to avoid in writing business letters.

The fault to avoid at all costs in letter-writing is ambiguity. What you write should carry one interpretation only, and that it should be the interpretation you intended it to have.

Let’s get started!

 

1. Faulty Syntax

Faulty syntax is dangerous because it can distort the writer’s meaning. Have a look at the following sentence:

“We are sending you an antique clock by our Mr. Stark, with ornamental hands and engraved face.”

The placement of the comma in that sentence is very important. The phrase “with ornamental hands and engraved face” in that sentence refers to Mr. Stark because it’s placed after the name, separated by comma. That sentence is wrong because the phrase actually refers to the antique clock. This is the correct sentence:

“We are sending you, by our Mr. Stark, an antique clock, with ornamental hands and engraved face.”

That sentence is correct because the phrase is placed after “an antique clock”, separated by comma.

 

2. The double negative

The rule is of course that a double negative makes a positive, but in some instances a double negative is used where no positive is intended. For example, instead of writing:

“Neither of the three samples you send is the correct shade, and are of no interest to us.”

You should write:

“No one of the three samples you send is of the correct shade, or is of any interest to us.”

Nevertheless, avoid using a double negative.

 

3. Overdone superlatives

Giving compliments is good but don’t overdo it. Use only ONE of these: super, breath-taking, supreme, gigantic, exquisite, masterpiece, miraculous, stupendous, etc.

 

Compiled by @iismail21 for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 20 March, 2016

 

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#EngTips: How to memorize better

The topic we’ll talk about in this article is one of the most basic skills everyone needs to master. It is good memorization. So embrace yourselves!

  1. Be interested in what you’re learning.
    • Our mind would easily record something that interested us, such as song lyrics or the name of your crush. So, first thing first, you have to find a way to become interested in anything you’re learning.
  2. Chunk the information and correlate it with what you already know.
    • Our mind would retain smaller bits better than large information. Therefore, it is better to study bits by bits every day than cramming all you need to memorize all at once.
  3. Create a mental memory tree.
    • Make a big branch of the main information, then leaves and twigs contain labels and details that are personally meaningful to you in some way. This will help you to remember and recall the memory easier.
  4. Write and say out the items to be memorized over and over and over.
    • Consciously writing then saying it out loud are, in effect, teaching yourself what you are trying to learn. By repeating information, you train your brain to remember that information automatically.
  5. When reading paragraphs, summarize each in the margin.
    • Therefore, you have to think about what you have read, recycle it, and teach it to yourself again. Then you can just re-read your summary instead of reading the whole paragraph next time.
  6. Take breaks.
    • Take breaks between study sessions. Allow yourself to breathe and relax without thinking about what you have learned. Recall the information after breaks, then you can figure out what you know well and what you might need to work on some more.

Source:

 

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4u on Saturday, February 20, 2016

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#EngTips: Things to do after a terrorist attack

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Jakarta terror on 14th of January 2016 is a wake-up call for all of us, that terrorism can happen anywhere and anytime. But, fear is not the answer to fight with terrorism. If you are scared, the terrorists win! We should refuse to lose.

Slide1.jpgBear in mind that prior to wishing to win, you need to defeat your own fear. How do we avoid fear? Simple, don’t spread the fear. Other than that, we have 9 tips for you to do after an urban terrorists attack. Here they are:

  1. Follow news updates from most trusted account, say @DivHumasPolri. Wait for official press release. Don’t assume.
  2. Peruse the information carefully. Read the article, not solely the title. Title doesn’t always represent the whole body of the article.
  3. Love yourself. Avoid the casualty. Never ever try to be close to the premises only for selfies. Make yourself a smaller target.
  4. When tweeting and retweeting a tweet, ask to yourself: “Is it important?”
  5. Stay positive and stop blaming. Your negative comments will not help. We need to get back on we were together.
  6. Trust our emergency officials. They are working their best for us to provide security for you. Don’t let the terrorists separate us because of you being cynical.
  7. Take care of each other. Don’t be afraid. We need to hand in hand pass this terror. We’ve successfully passed Bali Bombings , Kuningan, etc. This shall pass too.
  8. Be cooperative and monitor your community. Should you see or hear any suspicious movement/information, call the officials.
  9. Stay alert. Avoid the similar crime scene. Since Jakarta attack 2016 happens mostly around the Sarinah, then avoid shopping centre.

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Those are the 9 tips for things you need to do after a terrorist attack that we have successfully compiled for you.

Pic by: blogs.tribune.com.pk

 

Compiled and written by @wisznu at @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, January 14, 2016

 

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#EngTips: Translation

Is there any of you who, in your new year’s resolutions, wants to be better financially? If you’re thinking about translating to get that extra money, this post might come in handy. In this occassion, we will talk about translation and how to make money from it.

  1. One of my professors once said, “You don’t need good English to be able to translate. You need perfect English.” What’s the meaning of the statement?

Google Translate can give you good English, but not good translation. A good translation can deliver almost all of the messages conveyed in the source text. That’s why you need perfect English.

2 Start from the bottom.

You cannot expect to be able to translate a book from a publishing company as your first project. You have to start from small projects. For example, you can try to help your friends translate their study materials.

3 Be patient.

Don’t think about the money, think about the experience. Small projects mean small money or even no money at all, however the experience you gain is priceless.

4 Join a translation agency.

The are a number of translation agency websites if you search on internet. You can even find a translation in a freelancers’ website, but I recommend you to join translatorcafe(dot)com.

5 Last but not least: Be confident and start now!

 

Compiled and written by @iismail21 for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 3 January, 2016

 

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