Tag Archives: relative clause

#EngClass: Relative clause (2)

Hi, fellas! Apakah kalian ingat pembahasan sebelumnya mengenai relative clause? Bagi kalian yang ingin membaca ulang atau tidak mengikuti sesi sebelumnya, silahkan klik halaman ini #EngClass: Relative Clause

Seperti yang telah dibahas di sesi sebelumnya, relative clause digunakan untuk menghubungkan dua klausa dengan menerangkan keadaan dari orang atau benda yang mendahuluinyaRelative clause biasa dikenal juga sebagai adjective clause.

Kita telah membahas tentang pembentukan relative clause dengan menggunakan relative pronouns who, whom, whose, that dan which. Selain menggunakan relative pronouns, kita juga bisa menghubungkan dua klausa dengan menggunakan relative adverbs.

Ada 3 relative adverbs yang umum digunakan, yaitu:

  1. Why, digunakan untuk menerangkan alasan atau penyebab.
    • Contoh:
      • “Isabel isn’t in class today. Do you know the reason?” 
        • >> Do you know the reason why Isabel isn’t in class today?
      • They moved away. They never told us the reason.”
        • >> They never told us the reason why they moved away.
  2. When, digunakan ketika hendak menerangkan keterangan waktu.
    • Contoh:
      • Monday is the day. We will come on Monday.
        • >> Monday is the day when we will come.
      • 07.00 is the time. My plane arrives on time.
        • >> The answer is: 07.00 is the time when my plane arrives.
  3. Where, digunakan saat kita menerangkan tempat.
    • Contoh:
      • I live in a city. I study in the city.”
        • >> I live in the city where I study.
      • That is the restaurant. I will meet you there.
        • >> That is the restaurant where I will meet you.

Demikian pembahasan kita mengenai relative clause. Selanjutnya, mari kita kerjakan soal-soal latihan berikut.

 

Practice

Gabungkan kalimat-kalimat ini. Jangan lupa jawab dengan kalimat lengkap dan cantumkan nomor soal.

  1. The dog is over there. Its owner lives next door.
  2. The meeting was interesting. I went to it.
  3. The doctor was very gentle. He treated my sister patiently.
  4. That is the drawer. I kept my jewelry there.
  5. 1945 was the year. My dad was born in that year.
  6. She is crying. Can you tell me the reason?
  7. Yesterday I ran into an old friend. I hadn’t seen him for years.
  8. The little girl is sad. Her doll was lost.
  9. The bar in Barcelona is still there. I met my wife at that bar.
  10. The summer was long and hot. I graduated from university in that summer.

 

Answer

  1. The dog whose owner lives next door is over there.
  2. The meeting which/that I went to was interesting.
  3. The doctor who treated my sister patiently was very gentle.
  4. That is the drawer where I kept my jewelry.
  5. 1945 was the year when my dad was born.
  6. Can you tell me the reason why she is crying?
  7. Yesterday I ran into an old friend whom I hadn’t seen for years.
  8. The little girl whose doll was lost is sad.
  9. The bar in Barcelona where I met my wife is still there.
  10. The summer when I graduated from university was long and hot.

 

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, November 9, 2011

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#EngClass: Relative clause

Relative clause merupakan anak kalimat yang berfungsi menerangkan keadaan dari orang atau benda yang mendahuluinyaRelative clause biasa dikenal juga sebagai adjective clause.

Istilah ‘relative clause’ diciptakan karena klausa tersebut menghubungkan (relate) benda atau orang di klausa pendahulu dengan klausa di belakangnya. Dengan demikian, kata penghubung  yang digunakan pun untuk menghubungkan dua klausa itu juga disebut relative pronoun. 

Terdapat beberapa jenis relative pronoun, antara lain

  1. Who, yang menerangkan orang sebagai subjek.
    • Contoh:
      • A boy is sitting next to Linda. Do you know the boy?
        • >> Do you know the boy who is sitting next to Linda?
  2. Whom, yang menerangkan orang sebagai objek.
    • Contoh:
      • My teacher was away on holiday. I wanted to meet her.”
        • >> My teacher whom I want to meet was away on holiday.
  3. Whose, yang menerangkan orang sebagai pemilik (kepunyaan).
    • Contoh:
      • I know that man. His car is lost.”
        • >> I know that man whose car is lost.
  4. Which, yang menerangkan benda sebagai subjek maupun objek.
    • Contoh:
      • The glass is on the table. The glass contains milk.”
        • >> The glass which is on the table contains milk.
  5. That, yang menerangkan orang maupun benda sebagai subjek maupun objek.
    • Contoh:
      • Josh doesn’t like the table. The table stands in the garden.”
        • >> Josh doesn’t like the table that stands in the garden.

 

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, November 08, 2011

Related post(s):

^MD