Tag Archives: question

#EngTips: Nosy questions and how to answer them

Meeting relatives is fun, but also has its downsides. For example, frequently asked nosy questions. Yes, “Where’s your girlfriend/boyfriend?”, “Have you graduated yet?”, and so on. Sometimes it gets really annoying, doesn’t it?

How do you usually respond to these questions? Below are a few tips that might prove useful.

1. Answer with another question.

This one is a rather aggressive approach in answering the questions. It may be impolite to some people, so be careful.

If you’re asked by a cousin or relative of the same age, you can use this method. Don’t forget to add laughter or a smile to make it less threatening.

2. Comment on the question rather than answering.

“That’s a good question.” sounds like you’re answering a question regarding your presentation. But it works most of the time, because the people who ask you these questions mostly just making small talk.

Or you could simply say “Let’s just hope for the best.” and add a meaningful smile at the end of your statement.

3. Pass the answer to said question to another person. (my personal favorite)

Almost every time someone drops an annoying question, I directed the question to anyone around me.

  • Q: When are you going to get married?

  • A: Just ask Mom. She’s my decision maker.

Another form of this method is to direct the question to someone that isn’t even there. For example, direct it to your boyfriend or girlfriend or anyone that isn’t related to you but might influence your decision.

4. Pretend you don’t understand the question.

Act puzzled. Act dumb. Or at least ask the questioner to repeat the question. As I said before, most people aren’t that curious with your life. They are just making small talk. But if they insist, they will be baffled by your inability to respond to their question. They will get tired eventually.

5. Answer honestly, if you want to.

This is probably the best approach if you want to convert the small talk into something more serious. If you have the honest answer and are not tired of answering the question, just answer the question.

6. Just smile (and wave).

Smile. Smile. Smile. And then probably divert the question into another subject. It’s just like The Penguins of Madagascar: Just smile and wave, boys. Smile and wave.

Drop a comment if you have more tips to add.

 

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, July 8, 2016

 


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#EngQAs: Grammar (3)

‘There is’ and ‘There are’

Which is right, ‘There is a table, chair, bed and a sofa in my room’ or ‘There are a table, chair, bed and a sofa in my room?’ – Talha Farhan @TALHAFARHAAN

The sentence is made of 4 others:

  • There is a table.
  • There is a chair.
  • There is a bed.
  • There is a sofa.

When it is contracted, it became: ‘There is a table, chair, bed, and sofa in my room.’

‘Are’ will be of use if one of the items is in plural forms, example: ‘There are tables, a chair, a bed, and a sofa in my room.’

One of

One of the boys is/are … One of the men is/are I get confused with ‘one of’ and sentences related with it. – LearnerG @always_I_Learn

When using the form ‘one of many things’, the subject is the word ‘one‘. Therefore, the verb or the verb ‘be’ following it is the one for singular noun, example:

  • One of the boys is caught smoking at school.
  • One of four men prefers having the first date at the cinema.

Two negative words

What if we make a sentence use two negative words such ‘You are not going nowhere’ is it allowed? Can i use it in essay? – umi^^ @Umi21Fatonah

The sentence ‘You’re not going nowhere’ or ‘I don’t have no money’ is considered informal and so should be avoided when writing.

The form is called double negative. More on the topic can be found here: https://englishtips4u.com/2011/10/31/grammartrivia-double-negative/

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 11 January, 2016

 

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#EngQAs: Grammar

When it comes to learning English, I think grammar could be named as one of the most delicate topics. Some friends of mine even gave up trying to understand grammar and there are people who usually have many questions about grammar

Other and Another

Question:

“I’m still confused about the differences between other and another. Can you please explain it with simple examples?” – Anggie @AwesomeChaser

Answer:

Meaning

Basically, ‘another’ means one more (of the same things) or an alternative, while ‘other’ means some more or some alternatives.

Use and position

Because ‘another’ refers to one more item of the same things, the word goes before singular countable noun, example:

  • I would like another cup of tea, please.

‘Another’ can also be used as a pronoun, example:

  • If you are not satisfied with the hotel room you booked, you can ask for another.

Meanwhile, because ‘other’ refers to alternatives (more than one item), the word goes before plural countable noun, example:

  • Although I have some other dresses, the strapless one is my favourite.

‘Other’ can be paired with the pronoun ones,’ example:

  • These oranges are rotten. What about the other ones?

‘Others’

Now, what about ‘others’? When should it be used?

While ‘other’ needs to be followed by noun or pronoun, ‘others‘ is already a pronoun, which means it no longer needs noun. For example:

  • Man: Some people are already here. Woman: Good. What about the others?
  • These pants are too short. Do you have others?

 

“Both ‘other’ and ‘another’ refer to something additional or “yang lainnya” in Indonesian. However, as for the usage, other is followed by plural noun while another is followed by singular noun, e.g., ‘I need another cup and I need other cups.” – Nurmala Syahbani ‏@malasyahbani

‘Due to’ and ‘Because (of)’

Question:

“I’m still confused about the differences between ‘due to’ and ‘because’… Can you please explain and give me the example?” – @srfhndr

Answer:

“For a start, instead of ‘because’, the one synonymous with ‘due to‘ is ‘because of‘. ‘due to‘ grew up as an adjective and modifies a noun (or pronoun), while ‘because of‘ grew up as an adverb and  modifies a verb.” – Eng vocabulary ‏@x_sg24  .

‘Because of’ is an adverb, which means it will modify verb. ‘Due to’ is an adjective, modifying noun or pronoun. It will be clearer with examples:

  • Rossi’s defeat in this year’s MotoGP is due to an accident in Sepang.
  • Rossi was defeated in this year’s MotoGP because of an accident in Sepang.
  • A lot of climbers were lost because of the storm.
  • A lot of climbers lost their way due to the storm.

“The first one (because of) has to do with cause whereas the second one indicates reason.” – #ELT&L Lab ‏@The_ELTL_Lab 

‘Whom’ and ‘Whose’

Question:

“Can you explain the difference between ‘whom‘ and ‘whose‘ please?” – Eng vocabulary @x_sg24

Answer:

“Whom is object in a sentence, whose means ‘of someone ‘. Is that correct? – Valeria Biffi ‏@neveivan

“Whose is used to ask for posession while whom is used to ask for object of a sentence.” – britard ‏@fachryspears

Adding to @neveivan and @fachryspears‘ suggestions, ‘whom’ is a pronoun for object, while ‘whose’ is a pronoun for possession. Here are some examples:

  • The man whom I had a fight with last night is my boyfriend.
  • Whom are you coming with?
  • Hey, whose computer is this? May I use it?
  • I don’t care whose son he is. He still needs to mind his manners.
  • “The man WHOM I interviewed last night is an actor. The woman WHOSE the car is red is her aunt.” – iif latifah karsono ‏@iif_93
  • “At whom are you mad??” – sarah @dramasranter

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, November 9, 2015

 

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#EngQAs: “Sons and Daughters of Indonesia?”

@sierrapritta asked this on the Indonesian National Children’s Day

“min @EnglishTips4U i came accross a website and read a sentence that said, “…gives opportunity to the sons and daughter of Indonesia… Is that appropriate to say “putra putri Bangsa” with “sons and daughters of Indonesia”? why don’t we use “Youth generation”?”

Our answer is

“Sons and daughters of Indonesia” actually is okay. It is the same as “children of Indonesia”.

Although “the youth” or “the young generation” is fine too. “Sons and daughters” is just adds up a bit. More specific.

@abd_chaniago@sierrapritta but “sons and daughters of Indonesia” sounds so damn cool!

Haha you betcha!

@sierrapritta: oh I see..I thought “sons and daughters” is too literal, so it may be substituted properly hehehe okay then. Thank you :)

Well then, Happy Indonesian Children’s Day to all :) May our young generation gets better and better :D Yeehaaa!

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on July 23, 2013

 

#USSlang #EngQAs: American slang (12)

Cool

Do you know what ‘cool’ means, fellas? This word actually has several meanings. Here they are:

  1. Cool (adj.) Meaning: very good, excellent, interesting, fun.
    • Example:
      • “The movie was so cool!”
  2. Cool (adj.) Meaning: calm, relaxed.
    • Example:
      • “Everybody likes him because he’s cool.”
  3. Cool (adj.) Meaning: fashionable.
    • Example:
      • “The dress is so cool, I wanna have it.”
  4. Cool (adj.) Meaning: okay.
    • Example:
      • Do you mind if we use your place?

      • Yeah, I’m cool with it.

  5. Cool (interjection) Meaning: ‘cool’ can be used as an interjection (kata seru).
    • Example:
      • Oh my God, I finally won the lottery!

      • Cool!

  6. Cool (v.) Meaning: to chill, relax. (usually used in “-ing” form).
    • Example:
      • What are you up to?

      • Nothing, just coolin‘.

Extra note:

“Do u know what is ‘kewl’?” – @K_Leovir

Admin:kewl’ is another way of spelling ‘cool’ and it has the same meaning as ‘cool.’

Bro

Have you noticed that many people now use ‘bro’ to call each other? Do you know what ‘bro’ mean? Here’s the answer…

  1. Bro (n.) Meaning: the real meaning of ‘bro’ would be ‘brother,’ your sibling/actual brother.
    • Example:
      • “This is my bro, Alex.”
  2. Bro (n.) Meaning: also short for ‘brother,’ meaning friend.
    • Example:
      • “Hey bro, what’s up?”

More slang words

  1. Yeah right (interjection) Meaning: an expression of disbelief or doubt.
    • Example:
      • I will concentrate on studying tonight.

      • Yeah right.

  2. Nope (interjection) Meaning: has the same meaning as “no”.
    • Example:
      • Do you think he’ll come?

      • Nope, I don’t think so.

  3. Dunno. Meaning: a contraction for “I don’t know”.
    • Example:
      • Have you seen my pen?

      • Nope, I dunno where it is.

  4. Nice (adj.) Meaning: cool, very good, excellent.
    • Example:
      • The Biology test has been cancelled.

      • Nice!

  5. Whatever (interjection) Meaning: it means “I don’t care” or “yeah right” (for sarcasm).
    • Example:
      • I told you, the gossip is true!

      • Whatever.

  6. No worries. Meaning: no problem, not a problem, no big deal, don’t worry about it.’
    • Example:
      • I’m sorry for that.

      • No worries.

  7. Yeah, ya (interjection) Meaning: both mean ‘yes.’
    • Example:
      • Are you coming?

      • Ya.

  8. Ya. Meaning: can also mean ‘you’ or ‘your.’
    • Example:
      • I’ve got something for ya.

      • Ya iPhone? How nice!

  9. As if (interjection) Meaning: to say that whatever talked about is impossible or very unlikely.
    • Example:
      • She’ll surely say yes.

      • As if!

  10. Geez, jeez (interjection) Meaning: a general exclamation; from ‘Jesus.’
    • Example:
      • You mean so much to me.

      • Geez, thanks.

  11. Hell no (interjection) Meaning: a more empathetic form of ‘no.’
    • Example:
      • Will you be my girlfriend?

      • Hell no, I won’t.

  12. Yikes (interjection) Meaning: to express surprise (when shocked), discovery, worry, fear.
    • Example:
      • “The exam is in two days. Yikes!”
  13. Holy mother of God (interjection): to express amazement or alarm.
    • Example:
      • “Holy mother of God, this thing is awesome!”

Slang Q&As

1. As if

“As if, bukankah bermakna seolah-olah, e.g., ‘You act as if you know all things.'” – @Alfin_only

Answer:

Admin: correct. “as if” is the short form. Read this.

2. IDK

min kalo idk ap?‘ – @Anie6891

Answer:

“I don’t know” – @aldeanp

3. Hell yeah

“Kalo Hell Yeah itu apa ya min kira2?” – @balerinaa

Answer:

“Kebalikannya hell no.” – @anggraenidevi

“Yes definitely.” – @Dee_Viina

4. TBH and SMH

“do you know what are tbh and smh means?” – @meisyrizka

Answer:

“tbh = to be honest = kalau boleh jujur/ sejujurnya. smh = shake my head = (semacem ga percaya/ga nerima) :) cmiiw.” – @zikyunggg

5. Dayum

“Kalo ‘dayum’ apa ya.” – @zikyunggg

Answer:

“Dayum: Damn.” – @rismasofri

6. Pmsl, tsk, sfm, odg

“kalo pmsl, tsk, sfm, odg ??” – @alunanku

Answer:

“kalo Tsk itu ‘ckckckck'” – @YusepArdiani

“PMSL=pissing myself laughing, tsk=just expression of sound just like “ck”, SFM=some fckin moron, ODG=oh dear god” – @ki_war

“pmsl = pissing my self lauging, odg = oh dear god, sfm = so fcking much, tsk = similar w/ ‘duh'” – @___brainless

7. Cut you

“kalo “cut you” itu naon?? Serimg banget di film.” – @kisinje_II

Answer:

“like ur gonna get stabbed but its most likey being sarcastic.” – @dimas_soedopo

8. Kewl

“How to pronounce “kewl”?” – @ZahriMaya

Answer:

Admin: how to pronounce “cool” or “kewl” (same pronunciation) click cool (Cambridge Dictionary).

9. Lego

“wht about lego?” – @yohanaeny

Answer:

“Let’s go.” – @farizanr

10. Imma

“Klo imma apaan min?” – @LutfiWong

Answer:

Admin: “I’m going to”.

11. Meme

klo maksudnya phone, ‘y u no cooperate’ apa ya?” – @RizkyWahyu

Answer:

“That’s “meme” not slang “Y U NO” Guy.” – @Derpamoto

“phone y(why) u(you) no cooperate = hp, kok lu ga mau kerjasama ?” – @emerald_love

12. YOLO

kalo yolo itu singkatan dari apa ya? sering liat di bio akun2 orang luar….” – @nuzeldaa

Answer:

“YOLO = You Only Live Once.” – @dian_r_h

13. Stupid hoe

“what about “stupid hoe”?” – @gomadryi

Answer:

“Oops. Ga sopan artinya. ‘stupid bi*ch'” – @AriAGafur

“Nicki Minaj’s song.lol .nope,it’s like slut or badgirl” – @ziiarch

14. Dope, FML, YOLO

“Min, what’s dope, fml & yolo? And what are those words use for?” – @OhItsVynn

Answer:

“dope mirip sama amazing. Fml = fck my life.” – @dhikachu13

“fml f*ck my life. Misalnya ‘I have a lot of homework. Fml.'” – @dhrif143

dope-fml-yolo-large

@sebastiannee

15. LMS

“lms?” – @yohanaeny

Answer:

“Like my status” – @imamurza

16. Jelly

“kalo jelly = jealous itu termasuk US atau British slang min?” – @lintaarchie

Answer:

Admin: US I guess. Any other opinions?

More slang words from fellas:

“Yay (agreement), Nay (disagreement). Eg: “We’re going to watch Morrissey and John Mayer tonight, nay or yay?” – @YektiTriana

“Gimme aka Give Me. ‘Gimme a cigarette'” – @sofyanlich

“Lemme ( Let Me ) lemme know bout that !” – @muthiakharisma

“I used to watch in MV/movie making: “That’s a wrap”, meaning the work’s complete.” – @LV_Ayuningtyas

‘Wutta’ means ‘what a’ e.g. ‘Wutta beautiful nite!'” – @tianovita

“Slicey (adjective): #UKSlang for extremely cool, sexy, hot or awesome. E.g: “what a slicey beast.” – @rossiirianti

“lmao = laughing my a*s off” – @firda1899

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 2, 2012

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#EngClass: Question words

So, what is a ‘question word?’ Question word adalah kata tanya, seperti kata ‘what.’ Ada 9 ‘question word’ utama yang biasa digunakan dalam Bahasa Inggris.

1. When

When. Arti: kapan (bertanya tentang waktu). 

Contoh:

  • Q: “When is she coming?”
  • A: “Tomorrow.”
  • Q: “When did you go?”
  • A: “Last night.”

2. Where

Where. Arti: di mana (bertanya tentang tempat)

Contoh:

  • Q: “Where is it?”
  • A: “Here.”
  • Q: “Where will you go?”
  • A: “Makassar.”

3. Why

Why. Arti: kenapa/mengapa (bertanya tentang alasan)

Contoh:

  • Q: “Why did you leave?”
  • A: “I was bored.”
  • Q: “Why is he late?”
  • A:”Traffic jam.”

4. How

How. Arti: bagaimana. Secara umum ‘how’ digunakan untuk bertanya tentang bagaimana sesuatu itu dilakukan. ‘How’ juga bisa diikuti kata tambahan.

Contoh:

  • Q: “How did the test?”
  • A: “Easy.”
  • Q: “How would you like your steak?”
  • A: “Well done.”

4.1. How much/How many

How much/How many. Arti: bertanya tentang harga/jumlah.

Contoh:

  • Q: “How much is this?”
  • A: “Rp 50,000.”
  • Q: “How many people came?”
  • A: “Ten.”

4.2. ‘How’ + adjective

‘How’ + adjective (kata sifat).

Contoh:

  • Q: “How old are you?”
  • A: “Twenty.”
  • Q: “How hot is it?”
  • A: “30 degrees C.”

4.3. How much/How many

How much/How many. Arti: bertanya tentang harga/jumlah.

4.4. ‘How’ + adverb

‘How’ + adverb (kata keterangan).

Contoh:

  • Q: “How long have you been here?”
  • A: “Two weeks.”
  • Q: “How often do you play?”
  • A: “Once a week.”

5. Who

Who. Arti: siapa (jika jawabannya = subject).

Contoh:

  • Q: “Who wants some drinks?”
  • A: “I do.”
  • Q: “Who came last night?”
  • A: “My friend.”

Who biasanya diikuti oleh verb (kata kerja) bentuk singular/tunggal walaupun bertanya tentang lebih dari satu org. e.g. “Who wants...”

6. Whom

Whom. Arti: siapa (jika jawabannya = object).

Contoh:

  • Q: “Whom did you see?”
  • A: “I saw Andy.”
  • Q: “Whom is he looking for?”
  • A: “His niece.”

Whom hanya digunakan dalam pertanyaan formal. Jarang digunakan dalam Bahasa Inggris lisan; lebih sering digantikan dengan ‘who.’

7. Whom

Whose. Arti: kepunyaan siapa (bertanya tentang kepunyaan).

Contoh:

  • Q: “Whose book is this?”
  • A: “Mine.”
  • Q: “Whose car did you see?”
  • A: “Sam’s.”

8. What

What. Arti: apa.

What bisa digunakan sebagai subject dari pertanyaan.

Contoh:

  • Q: “What happened?”
  • A: “An accident.”

What bisa juga digunakan sebagai object dari pertanyaan.

Contoh:

  • What did you see?
  • Nothing.
  • What will she buy?
  • A gift.
  1. What kind of. Arti: menanyakan jenis dari suatu hal secara khusus.

    • Contoh:
      • What kind of fabric do you need?
      • Cotton.
  2. ‘What’ + bentuk ‘do,’ digunakan untuk menanyakan aktivitas.

    • Contoh:
      • What will you do tonight?
      • Stay at home.
  3. What bisa diikuti oleh noun (kata benda).
    • Contoh:
      • What time did you sleep?
      • 11 PM.
      • What color is her hair?
      • Red.
  4. ‘What’ + be like. Arti: menanyakan deskripsi umum suatu hal/seseorang.
    • Contoh:
      • What is he like?
      • Handsome and friendly.
  5. ‘What’ + look like. Arti: menanyakan deskripsi fisik.
    • Contoh:
      • What does the dress look like?
      • Pink and made of satin.

9. Which

Which. Arti: yang mana (digunakan ketika kita ingin menanyakan yang mana yang dipilih di antara 2 pilihan yang jelas).

Contoh:

  • There are 2 shirts. Which one do you want?/Which shirt do you want?
  • Answer: The blue one.

Dalam beberapa kasus, ‘which’ dan ‘what’ bisa digunakan secara bergantian jika diikuti oleh noun. e.g. “Which/What cities did you visit?”

 

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, February 27, 2012

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#GrammarTrivia: ‘wh-‘ words

Terdapat empat cara untuk bertanya dalam Bahasa Inggris, yaitu dengan yes-no question, ‘wh-‘ question, tag question, indirect question.

Hari ini kita akan berbicara sedikit tentang ‘wh-‘ question. Penggunaan ‘wh-‘ question dimulai dengan ‘wh-‘ words atau kata tanya.

Berbeda dengan yes-no question, ketika menggunakan ‘wh-‘ question, si penanya mengharapkan informasi baru dalam jawaban, bukan ‘iya’ atau ‘tidak’ saja.

Berikut adalah beberapa contoh ‘wh-‘ words dan artinya dalam Bahasa Indonesia.

  1. Who? Arti: Siapa?
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “Who is that?”
      •  Answer: “It’s my sister.”
  2. Whom? Arti: Siapa? (sebagai obyek). ‘Whom’ bersifat formal dan jarang digunakan.
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “To whom did you give the book?”
      • Answer: “To Ian.”
  3. Whose? Arti: Kepunyaan siapa? (menanyakan kepemilikan suatu benda)
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “Whose book is that?”
      • Answer: “It’s Ian’s.”
  4. What? Arti: Apa?
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “What are you doing?”
      • Answer: “I’m reading a book.”
  5. Which? Arti: Yang mana? (menanyakan pilihan).
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “Which Jim Carrey’s movie do you like best?”
      • Answer: “I like ‘Yes Man’ best.”
  6. When? Arti: Kapan?
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “When is your birthday?”
      • Answer: “It’s on December 1st.”
  7. Where? Arti: Di mana?
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “Where do you live?”
      • Answer: “I live at Jalan Nusa Indah.”
  8. How? Arti: Bagaimana?
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “How did you fall?”
      • Answer: “I tripped over a banana peel.”
  9. Why? Arti: Mengapa?
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “Why did you come late?”
      • Answer: Because I got stuck in a traffic jam!

Terdapat beberapa jenis ‘wh-‘ words lain yang menggunakan ‘how’, di antaranya:

  1. How long? Arti: Berapa lama?
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “How long will you stay in Paris?”
      • Answer: “Only a day.”
  2. How often? Arti: Seberapa sering?
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “How often do you go the gym?”
      • Answer: “About twice a week.”
  3. How old? Arti: Berapa (umur)?
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “How old is your son?”
      • Answer: “He is eight years old.”
  4. How many/ much? Arti: Berapa banyak?
    • Contoh:
      • Question: “How much sugar do you need?”
      •  Answer: “An ounce, please.”

 

Compiled and written by  for  on Wednesday, June 22, 2011

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