Tag Archives: pronunciation

#EngClass: Word Stress

Hi, fellas! Was today a good day? Or perhaps you just went through a stressful day? I hope not, but if you happen to have had a stressful day, how about putting those stressful events behind and learn to put a stress in a word instead? Yes, today we’re going to learn about word stress.

In English, we don’t pronounce every syllable (suku kata) in a word with the same strength. When saying a word, we put a stress (emphasis) in one syllable, and pronounce the other syllable(s) more quietly. Stressing a syllable means we say it a little longer or louder or with a higher pitch than the other syllables.

Every English word has one stressed syllable, and it’s important to stress the right syllable when we speak. Word stress helps the listeners tell one word apart from another. For instance, if you hear two stressed syllables, you hear two words. It helps us understand a speaker who speaks very fast.

Stressing the wrong syllable in a word can make the word difficult to hear, and therefore the listener can’t understand us. Stressing different syllable can even change the meaning of some words. For example, if you stress the first syllable in the word present, it’s a noun that means gift. But if you stress the second syllable (present), it becomes a verb that means to offer.

So how do we know which syllable to stress? Here are some general rules that you can follow:

  1. Stress the first syllable of most two-syllable nouns and adjectives, e.g., table, happy
  2. Stress the last syllable of most two-syllable verbs, e.g., decide, begin
  3. Stress the second-to-last syllable of words that end in –ic, –sion, and –tion, e.g., geographic, expansion, attention
  4. Stress the third-from-last syllable of words that end in –cy, –ty, –phy, –gy, and –al, e.g., democracy, uncertainty, geography, biology, critical

But there are some exceptions and many types of words that are not covered by those rules, so you should check the dictionary to be sure. Different dictionaries have different ways to mark the stressed syllable. Now, take a look at the pronunciation guide below the defined word in your dictionary.

  • Oxford Dictionary and Collins Dictionary: an apostrophe (‘) shows that the following syllable is stressed. Example: prəˈnaʊns means we stress the nounce in pronounce.
  • Dictionary.com: the stressed syllable is marked bold. Example: pruh-nouns

If you think, “I can’t possibly memorize the stressed syllable for every word in the dictionary!” You’re right. Perhaps the best way is to learn by practice. If you practice listening until you’re familiar enough with spoken English, I’m sure you’ve also learned the word stress. You just don’t realize it. Fluent English speakers use word stress all the time without thinking about it. It’s kind of the same way we use intonation in our sentences in Bahasa Indonesia.

So, now that we know that word stress is the key to understanding spoken English, we know why it’s important to learn English by listening. Listening can help you learn to speak English properly so that people understand you better. We actually have some #EngTips for you on that very topic: How to improve your English listening skill.

I hope this post has been useful for you, fellas. Have a good day!

(Source: teachingenglish.org.uk, englishclub.com, dictionary.com, oxforddictionaries.com)

Compiled and written by @fafafin for @EnglishTips4U on September 8, 2016

#EngTrivia: Hard and Soft Sound

Hello, fellas! How are you today? I hope your Monday went smashing.

Today, we’re going to talk about the pronunciation of two particular letters in English alphabet, ‘c’ and ‘g’.

Both letters can produce what we call hard and soft sound, depending on the letters that follow them. Let’s start with ‘c’.

If followed by the vowels a, o, and u, ‘c’ will be pronounced as [k], as in cat, car, café, coffee, cup, Cuba, etc.

But when the next letter is the vowels e, i, and y, ‘c’ will produce soft sound [s]. E.g. cellar, cent, cinder, cyber.

There are however some words that do not follow this rules, such as Celtic (pronounced \’kel-tik) and soccer.

As in façade [\fə-ˈsäd\], the soft sound of ‘c’ is indicated by the cedilla to its bottom (ç).

Next, we have ‘g’ which can be pronounced as [g] if followed by vowels a, o, u, and [\ˈjē\] if followed by e, i, and y.

Example of the hard sound: gall, gas, God, gum. Example of the soft sound: gem, general, surgery, gesture, gist, gif, rigid, gym, prodigy, gyroscope.

Exception occurs on several words, such as girl, gill, tiger, giddy, give, get, gift, in which the ‘g’ produces hard sound.

By the way, did you know that our 1st book has hit the stores? Here it is, as seen in Gramed Duta Plaza, Dps, Bali

etifoyu

That’s all for today! I hope this can help you improve your pronunciation. Check also many other topics at . See ya!
Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 31 August, 2015

#EngTalk: Greenwich Pronunciation (video session)

So today’s session will be a little bit different… oooo… can you guess?

Previously we have discussed an #EngTalk on British English Pronunciation -> https://englishtips4u.com/2014/01/06/engtalk-british-englishbre-7-pronunciation/ …

One of the interesting words to be pronounced or said is: Greenwich

Sharing pronunciations by writing here will be difficult, so admin decided to create little interviews on how to say Greenwich :)

Note: This session is bilingual

To introduce this session, here is the video:

So, did you watch the video?

For this session, I went to Greenwich, London, UK to find out about how people would pronounce the town’s name

There are several questions that I asked them…

  1. Siapa nama mereka? / What’s their name?
  2. Dari mana? / Where do they come from?
  3. How would you say this town’s name?
  4. And lastly, their reason to say Greenwich like so / Terakhir, alasan mereka mengatakan Greenwich sedemikian rupa

Video-video berikut ini ada yang menggunakan bahasa Indonesia dengan subtitle bahasa Inggris dan sebaliknya

These videos are in Bahasa Indonesia with English subtitles and vice versa

So, curious on how they say it? Penasaran bagaimana cara mengatakan Greenwich? Simak video-video berikut ini :)

Here is a Greenwich pronunciation by Yujinishe from Japan 

To him it is different to say it in Japan or Japanese

See what he had to say in the video

Next, is a Greenwich pronunciation by Suema from Turkey 

Even Suema had no reason why he said it so, what do you think? See the video to see what he said

Meying from China shared her Greenwich pronunciation

Meying, like Suema, had no reason why she said it so.

See what she has to say about it in the video

Here is Farid (@faridnurrahman) from Indonesia sharing his Greenwich pronunciation

Hear why Farid changed his mind on how to say Greenwich in the video

Dan untuk fellas yang dari Indonesia mungkin ini bisa menjadi masukan dalam pronouncing Greenwich

We also met Trevor from London sharing his Greenwich Pronunciation

See how Trevor would pronounce it as a Londoner in the video

Olga from Finland also shared her Greenwich pronunciation

Olga said her “Greenwich” pronunciation was due to how she has been taught to say it.

See what she has to say in the video

Here is Nelly from Israel sharing his way of pronouncing Greenwich

Interestingly he has two points of view on how to say it.

See the video to find out what he has to say about it

So… what do fellas think?

Which one would you prefer? The British English way or your own way of saying Greenwich?

Here is an outro to the session and has admin’s point of view

On the Outro video, the last video, you can also view and listen how a London Bus says “Greenwich”

 

Alternatively, the #EngTalk videos can be viewed here -> http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLsrk4yjDPIgYLsLduVuppp03WaW5Nv9WU …

 

Would like to thank @faridnurrahman from Greenwich University very very much for his assistance and to make this #EngTalk session possible!

Also to the interviewees who have participated for this #EngTalk! :D

 

Fellas, do let me know what you think about this #EngTalk :)

 

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4u on November 29, 2014

#EngTalk: Tongue twisters

Have you ever heard of something called ‘tongue twister’? Tongue Twister is a popular English word game that helps you improve your pronunciation and listening skills. A tongue twister consists of series of words with similar pronunciation.

When I was young, my grandmother often gave me tongue twisters to practice English. It was really fun. Here are some fun tongue twisters to help you practice.

Here’s the rule:

  • First try to say it slowly, then try to say it faster! The faster you do it, the greater the challenge, the more interesting it sounds!
  • You may notice that they’d sound really funny – it also helps you recognise the similarities between these words!

So, let’s try from the easier ones first! Try to say them loud, hear how theh sound!

  1. “Crazy Clara catches crawling crab”
  2. “Sunshine Susie shone her shoes with soap and shoe-shine”
  3. “Our great-grand-gran is a greater great-grand-gran than your great-grand-gran”

How was that? Still too easy? Try these ones:

  1. “She sewed shirt seriously”
  2. “Five fashionable females flying to France for fresh French fashion”

Enough for the warm-ups. Let’s have the hard ones!

  1. “Can you can a can as a canner can a can?”
  2. “How many cookies could a good cook cook If a good cook could cook cookies?”
  3. “How can a clam cram in a clean cream can?”
  4. “Six sick hicks nick six slick bricks with picks and sticks”

I think I just swallowed my tongue with that one. This one is my personal favourite:

  • “Sally’s selfish selling shellfish, so Sally’s shellfish seldom sell”

Keep on practicing! Try to say it ot your friends and see if they understand!

Source:

  • The Silly Little Book of Jokes about Girls

Compiled by @animenur from @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, June 22, 2014

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngEvent: @EnglishTips4U Admins Tips For You!

Hello, fellas! Did you know what day is today? It’s 2 January, I know.. But what do we celebrate on this day? A true fella would know! :D

Yes, it’s @EnglishTips4U‘s birthday! We are celebrating our 3rd anniversary today & would like to have a special session just for you! :D

Each of our admins from Monday to Sunday would like to share their personal tips on learning English. We hope they could be useful for you.

Don’t forget: if you like these tips, feel free to retweet them anytime. Your friends and followers will be grateful you do! :D

The first skill you need to master in English is listening. Having a hard time with it? Check out tips from @waitatiri, our Wednesday admin.

1. Listen to English songs. Try to understand the lyrics just by listening to them first before Googling the lyrics. ~@waitatiri

2. Watch English movies! You may use subtitles to help you, but don’t depend on them. Or even better, use no subtitles! ~@waitatiri

3. You can also download free listening practice MP3s available on the internet. Most of them are taken from news programs. ~@waitatiri

4. While listening, it’s okay not to know all of the spoken words as long as you get the main idea of what the speaker says. ~@waitatiri

5. Last but not least, make it fun! Learn in a way that you think is the most fun for you. You know yourself best, fellas. :) ~@waitatiri

Do you stutter as you try to speak in English? Well, don’t! Here are some tips worth checking by @NenoNeno, our Monday admin. :)

1. One thing for sure when I started learning to speak English was: I was not afraid of making mistakes. I said what I wanted to! ~@NenoNeno

2. Even when I didn’t have anyone to talk to, I talked to myself, anytime & anywhere it was possible. And I wasn’t embarrassed. ~@NenoNeno

3. At first, aim for fluency rather than accuracy. Use facial expression, body language, & things around you to express yourself. ~@NenoNeno

4. Another important key to successful mastery in speaking: exposure to spoken English. So do listen a lot (music, movies, etc.)! ~@NenoNeno

5. Make sure the exposure is not just ‘any’ spoken English, but the ‘natural’ form of English. For example: from native speakers. ~@NenoNeno

6. We learn by imitation. It’s true, esp. in speaking. After listening, time to practice what you hear, with no fear. Good luck! ~@NenoNeno

Reading in English. Isn’t that suppose to be not that hard? Not all the time tho. Here are the tips by @daedonghae, our Saturday admin. :)

1. Did you know that a lot of philosophical English language readings were also translated from other languages? ~@daedonghae

2. Like Roland Barthes and Michel Foucault have their books originally written in French. ~@daedonghae

3. So sometimes not all philosophical books can be understood straight away. ~@daedonghae

4. No wonder philosophical theory based courses in English language requires band 7 overall in IELTS! ~@daedonghae

5. The tips to read such text? Make sure you skim and scan, note down what you don’t understand and what you think of it. ~@daedonghae

Next! Tips on writing skills from our Sunday admin, @fabfebby. Like writing your statuses in English? These tips are for you! :)

1. Want to write something in English but afraid of the mistakes that you’ll make? Don’t be, fellas. Just write it first. ~@fabfebby

2. When you’re done with your writing, try to reread it, so you can find the mistakes, like misspelling or error on the grammar. ~@fabfebby

3. If you hesitate on what you write, Google it. Or ask someone with experience in English but don’t be lazy to search it first. ~@fabfebby

4. Use new vocabulary that you’ve got to make your writing look cooler. That way also makes you easier to memorize them. ~@fabfebby

5. Keep on practicing. Do it often to improve your skill on writing. Just write it in your blog/tumblr, diary, notes or anything. ~@fabfebby

“But how can I master all those skills when I don’t have enough vocab?” Check out these tips by @Miss_Qiak, our Tuesday admin. :)

1. Everybody knows that vocabulary building is VERY important. Using limited collection of words and phrases is boring. ~@miss_qiak

2. There are so many new words and phrases to learn and try out. Start from your own interest. I started from romance novels. ~@miss_qiak

3. New words and phrases can be found everywhere, from books, magz, songs, movies, the Internet, even by eavesdropping others. ~@miss_qiak

4. DON’T memorize new words and phrases! Search out what they mean and imagine how you’d use them in practice. ~@miss_qiak

5. If you can’t recall words and phrases, explain them in your own words. And once you recall them, you’d remember them better. ~@miss_qiak

Frustrated with grammar? No worries. Check the tips by @Patipatigulipat, our Friday admin. Pst: it doesn’t include memorizing any formulas!

1. Read a lot: fiction, nonfiction, biography, history, magazines, newspapers, online articles. Anything. ~@Patipatigulipat

2. Force yourself to write full words and sentences every time you tweet or comment on something. ~@Patipatigulipat

3. Proofread anything that you write, including your daily journal or short stories. It will help you to be more careful. ~@Patipatigulipat

4. Use Google whenever you are not sure about your writing. ~@Patipatigulipat

5. Remember a quote by Dr. Seuss: “The more you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you will go.”

Last but not least, if you’re brushing up your pronunciation, these tips from @me_firdauz, our Thursday admin, should not be missed! :)

1. Pronunciation is an essential part in speaking. Correct pronunciation = easier for people to understand your speaking. ~@me_firdauz

2. Then how to practice your pronunciation? The key is listen and repeat. ~@me_firdauz

3. Listen to a listening material and make sure you have the tape-script as your reference. ~@me_firdauz

4. Remember, English word spellings are different from their pronunciation. ~@me_firdauz

5. This is important! –> Practice every word you hear from the recording, and do it as frequently as possible. ~@me_firdauz

6. Never feel bored to practice, since it takes process, and practice makes perfect! ~@me_firdauz

So how were the tips, fellas?

Hope you will always find our tweets helpful and valuable. Have any suggestion? Feel free to mention us. :)

If you want to know more about the people behind the tweets you read on this account, feel free to visit our page https://englishtips4u.com/about-us/ :)

And.. That’s a wrap! Once again, Happy 3rd Anniversary, @EnglishTips4U!

See you all fellas again tomorrow. Good night! :)

 

Administrated by @me_firdauz

Compiled by @NenoNeno

Written by @NenoNeno @me_firdauz  @Miss_Qiak @Patipatigulipat @daedonghae @waitatiri @fabfebby

For January 2, 2014

#EngTalk: British English (7) – Pronunciation

Did you know that British English have certain pronunciations on certain words?

How would you say “library”? “Greenwich”? “Preliminary”?

This will be our little #EngTalk session today :)

So it was stated that in British English there’s a tendency that they would say things in 2 syllables while…

in American English it’s 3 syllables

So people would say “Greenwich” -> “Grin-witch” when actually to the British is -> “Grinich

A word like “library” people would say “lay-bre-ree” but in British would be “lay-bree”

It’s weird isn’t it that they don’t say the “bra” or “bre” bit

Same with “Preliminary” people woulds say it “pre-lemee-naree” while in British “preleem-naree”

So the “limi” or “lemee” were almost missing too in the pronunciation

Another famous place in London would be “Leicester Square”

People would say the “Leicester” part -> “Lei-ses-ter” while Londoners or British would say it “Leis-ter”

Again, the middle part is not being pronounced or said

For sure from wherever you are, don’t worry on how to say it, in Britain some of them would not mind how you pronounce it

So that’s it for now :) I hope you like the lil #EngTalk :D

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on December 7, 2013

#EngTips: The Importance of a Proper Accent

Hi, fellas! Some people learn a foreign language, English in this case, because they just want to speak it fluently. However, some people learn it to speak it fluently and with a non-foreign accent almost like a native speaker.

Sometimes we feel tired when people asking us to repeat because they don’t understand us. And sometimes people laugh because of our funny accent, right?

Also, how many of you think that British accent sounds sexy? I do. Hehe…

So, today I’m going to give you some tips on how to get rid of a foreign accent!

  1. Learn to pronounce the sounds the way they are originally pronounced in the native language. This is the most important step. Realize that the same letter can be pronounced differently in many languages. Practise very hard to memorize the new and native pronunciation.
  2. Listen to the language spoken with its native accent and try to imitate the pronunciation. At this step, you don’t have to focus on the meaning of the words. Repeat the pronunciation again and again.
  3. This way, your brain will start to replace your old foreign accent with the new one.
  4. If you’re a language freak, why don’t you learn the linguistics behind your target language. It helps you break up the accent you want to learn and know how it is made.
  5. Practise with a native speaker. Have a discussion with them and let them correct your accent.
  6. Stay consistent. If you want to learn British accent, then pronounce all words with the accent. On the other side, if you want to learn American accent, don’t pronounce a few words using British accent.

That’s my tips for you, fellas. Do you have your own tips? Share it to other fellas!

 

Compiled by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on April 19, 2013

#EngTalk: ch and j sounds

Hey fellas :) Happy Nyepi to those celebrating! May you are always protected by Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa and hope you have a great year ahead :) But I’m sure those celebrating shouldn’t be in twitter ;) hehehe.

Today I’m going to share an #EngTalk on how to pronounce ‘ch’ and ‘j’ sounds. Anyone having difficulty with it?

Both of these sounds memiliki posisi mulut dan gigi yang sama saat kita mengeluarkan bunyi ‘t’ dan ‘d’

Tetapi posisi lidah berbeda disini yakni ujung lidah menyentuh ujung langit-langit mulut bagian atas

Dimana gusi dan gigi atas bertemu

Suara ‘Ch’ dikeluarkan secepatnya sedangkan ‘J’ dikeluarkan secara menggema atau bergetar

Suara ‘ch’ biasanya dikeluarkan disaat kata-kata mengandung:

ch: chain, each, chair, chocolate

tch: catch, kitchen, watching

t: nature, question, adventure

suara ‘j’ dikeluarkan di saat kata-kata mengandung:

j: jump, Japan, object

g: cage, danger, giant, ginger

dg: judge, bridge, edge

dan beberapa kata lain seperti dengan suara ‘j’

dj: adjective

gg: suggest

juga pada kata ‘soldier’ dimana ‘d’ menjadi suara ‘j’

untuk kata ‘luggage’ g terakhir memiliki suara ‘j’

Demikian penjelasan #EngTalk tentang ‘ch’ dan ‘j’ sounds, semoga bermanfaat :)

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on March 12, 2013

#EngTalk: Ending “-ed” Pronunciation

You’re probably confused on what particular pronunciation I will discuss on ;)

So there’s this book on Oral English and it has all sorts of how to pronounce vowels, consonants and more. One of them was about pronouncing the ending   “–ed” in a word.

We all know that ending “-ed” usually placed in a past form of a verb, but there are three ways pronouncing or saying it, depending on the words:

a. After ‘s’ sound, ‘c’, ‘ch’, ‘k’, ‘sh’, soft ‘th’, ‘f’ sound, ‘p’ or ‘x’, the ‘-ed’ ending sounds like ‘t’

E.g. passed, raced, marched, hoped, boxed

b. After ‘t’ or ‘d’, the ‘-ed’ ending sounds like ‘id’

E.g. needed, fitted, handed, decided, rented

c. After any other letters or sounds, the ‘-ed’ sounds like ‘d’

E.g. seemed, robbed, showed, stayed, cared

Yes, something like that ;) -> @windari95: Just ‘t’? As passed we speak passt? Or?

Although the following words are spelled with ‘k’ before the ‘-ed’, they are pronounced with the ‘id’ ending. Such adjectives like: naked, wicked

Yap :) RT @Akbarbani: Berarti bacanya nekid sama wickid ya?

Also, when the following words are adjectives, they are pronounced with the ‘id’ ending: Learned, aged (when they are verbs, they follow the rules before)

Now, a little exercise for you all :) don’t be afraid if you’re wrong, just guess it :) practise makes perfect :D

Q1. Which one sounds ‘t’? a. blowed ; b.kissed; c. shouted

Q2. Which one sounds ‘id’? a. parted; b. played; c. pulled

Q3. Which one sounds ‘d’? a. coughed; b. believed; c. interested

Right answers get an RT! You got 30 minutes to answer it :D

A1. @EzkaIka: Is B RT @EnglishTips4U Q1. Which one sounds ‘t’? a. blowed; b.kissed; c. shouted 

A1. Why B? As explained before, after ‘s’ sound ‘-ed’ becomes ‘t’ (point a) while in blowed sounds ‘d’ and shouted ends sounds ‘id’

A2. @KrwanIndra: a. Parted RT @EnglishTips4U: Q2. Which one sounds ‘id’? a. parted; b. played; c. pulled 

A2. Why A? After ‘t’ the ‘-ed’ sound becomes ‘id’ while played and pulled ‘-ed’ sounds ‘d’ 

A3. @desysuhartinah: B.believed RT @EnglishTips4U: Q3. Which one sounds ‘d’? a. coughed; b. believed; c. interested 

A3. Coughed has an ‘f” sound so it belongs to point a.@DimskyPrasetyo: Coughed and believed. The sound is same, isn’t it?

A3. While interested sound would be ‘id’ as it is after the letter t

Masalah kata Blowed ->@diptaulia admin juga baru memperhatikan,.admin ambil dari sumbernya tadi..tapi ada penjelasannya disini:http://www.yourdictionary.com/blowed 

Okay fellas, that’s it for today! I hope it was useful for you all :) Have a great Monday evening :D

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on, November 26 2012