Tag Archives: pronoun

#EngClass: Everybody – Singular or Plural?

Is ‘everybody’ singular or plural? Do you refer to ‘everyone’ with ‘him/her’ or ‘them’?
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Alright alright… Let’s resolve this confusion together, shall we?

First of all; ‘everybody’ is an indefinite pronoun. Indefinite pronouns refer to nonspecific persons or things. And these are indefinite pronouns:

Somebody

Someone

Something

Everybody

Everyone

Everything

Anybody

Anyone

Anything

Nobody

None

Nothing

We use them to refer to a total number of people, things and places. We write them as one word.

Some indefinite pronouns, despite the illogic, are always singular. One of them is ‘everybody’. In this particular post, we’ll specifically talk about one of the: ‘everybody’.

 

‘Everybody’ in formal English

While ‘everybody’ seems like a plural noun, since it refers to a crowd of people, it is actually a singular subject. It refers to ONE group of people.

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We use ‘everybody’ with singular verbs.

Example:

  • Everybody knows the truth.
    • ‘knows’ is a singular verb

When we want to refer back to ‘everybody’ and we don’t know if it’s a group of males or females, we use ‘him or her’ and ‘his or her’.

Example:

  • Everybody has his or her own desk.
    • ‘his or her’ is a singular pronoun.

Okay. We hereby determine that ‘everybody’ is singular.

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‘Everybody’ in informal English

Now, how many of you have HEARD of people referring back to ‘everybody’ by using ‘them‘?

As mentioned above, despite being illogical, it is grammatically correct to treat ‘everybody’ as singular, especially in formal English.

However, when people talk, logic wins, so you will hear plural pronouns such as ‘them’. We use ‘them’ in informal conversations.

Example:

  • Everybody was putting a smile on their face.
    • ‘their’ is a plural pronoun.

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Anyone confused yet? So is ‘everybody’ singular or plural? Let’s clarify things up, shall we?
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I hope that last image helped solve the confusion, fellas. Feel free to mention us or leave a comment if you have any question. We’ll solve it together.

 

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, October 19, 2016

 

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^MQ

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#GrammarTrivia: ‘I’ and ‘me’

“Me and my friends went to local art festival yesterday. It was such an amazing experience for my friends and I.”

What do you think about the two sentences mentioned above? Are they grammatically correct? Although they don’t sound too weird, they are incorrect.

Both ‘I’ and ‘me’ are first person singular pronouns. It means both of them are used when a person refers to himself or herself.

What’s the difference, then?

  • ‘I’ is the subject pronoun. It’s used for the one doing the verb.
  • Meanwhile, ‘me’ is the object pronoun. It’s used as an object of the action of the verb.

Let’s try to use them in a sentence:

  • I wanted to go to business school but my mom asked me to go to medical school instead.”

It sounds too easy, doesn’t it? However, it gets a bit trickier when another subject/object is added to the context.

Example:

  • You and I should get dinner tonight.”
  • “That is a bad idea for you and me.”

The easiest way to determine the right form of pronoun is to remove the other subject/object and leave the ‘I/me’ intact.

Example:

  • I should get dinner tonight.” (correct)
  • “That is a bad idea for me.” (correct)

Practice

Let’s have a little bit of practice now, shall we?

1. (me/I) played soccer on a concrete field but then (me/I) fell. Now the bruise is killing (me/I).
I – me – me
I – me – I
I – I – me
correct!
I – I – I
2. She and (me/I) will go to the bookstore tomorrow. The teacher told her and (me/I) to do some research on Western Culture.
I – I
I – me
correct!
me – I
me – me
3. Saras and (me/I) got C on Advanced Calculus last semester. It was devastating for (me/I) and Saras.
me – me
I – I
me – I
I – me

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, September 9, 2016

 

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^MQ

#EngTrivia: “One”/”Ones” as pronoun

“One” dan “ones digunakan saat kita menggabungkan 2 kalimat dengan objek yang sama, tapi dengan sifat yang lain.

Selain itu, “One” dan “ones” dipakai untuk menggantikan benda atau objek. Jadi, kita tidak perlu menuliskan kata benda setelah menggunakan salah satu dari kedua kata tersebut.

“One” digunakan untuk menggantikan kata benda (objek) tunggal, sedangkan “ones” digunakan untuk menggantikan objek jamak.

  • Contoh:
    • Herry is a friendly boy, but Jimmy is a talkative one.” (one menggantikan ‘boy’)
    • “My puppies are brown-white, but those ones are black.” (ones menggantikan ‘puppies’)

Perhatikan bahwa setelah menggunakan kata ganti “one”/”ones”, kata benda yang digantikan tidak perlu disebut kembali.

  • Contoh:
    • Benar: Herry is a friendly boy, but Jimmy is a talkative one.
    • Salah: Herry is a friendly boy, but Jimmy is a talkative one boy.

 

Practice

Choose True (T) or False (F), and correct the mistake.

  1. This woman is fat, but that one is thin.
  2. This long candle is white, but that short ones is red.
  3. This necklace is made of gold, but that ones is made of silver.
  4. These apples are red, but those one are green.
  5. These pens are ours, but those ones pens are theirs.
  6. We buy yellow shawls, but they buy green one.
  7. I shall buy a cheap drink, but he will buy an expensive ones.
  8. This problem is easy, but that one is difficult.
  9. That train might be old, but it is a fast one.
  10. He drives a red car, but his wife drives a white ones.

 

Answer:

  1. T
  2. F (one)
  3. F (one)
  4. F (ones)
  5. F (those ones are)
  6. F (ones)
  7. F (one)
  8. T
  9. T
  10. F (one)

 

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, October 5, 2011

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^MD