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#EngClass: Conditional Clause Summary

Howdy fellas! Did you follow our other articles on Conditional sentences? Have a look at these 3 links. You’ll need them to understand this article.

Link 1: #EngClass: Conditional 1
Link 2: #EngClass: Conditional 2
Link 3: #EngClass: Conditional 3

Now fellas! We’ve discussed all 3 conditionals. Hayo! Siapa yang masih bingung kapan kita pake conditional yang mana? Fear not fellas! @EnglishTips4u comes to the rescue. This time, admin will summarize all 3 conditionals. Hang on tight!

OOT & curcol dikit. Waktu admin pertama belajar conditional, kepala puyeng bukan main. Diagram ini yang bantu admin ngerti.

Conditional

Conditional ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Conditional 1 (Future – possible)

Conditional 1 pernah kita bahas di sini: #EngClass: Conditional 1
Coba perhatikan diagram berikut.

Conditional 1

Conditional 1 menyatakan:

“Andai (sekarang) aku… Aku akan…”

Ada yang sudah buka link di atas? Bagaimana cara membuat kalimat conditional 1?

“main clause in Future Tense –> if clause in present tense” – @fitridiot

“kalimat conditional 1 : if + present tense + future tense bukan?” – @nani_a2

Dari diagram, pernyataan & rumus kalimat, jelas sekali kita pakai Conditional Clause Type 1 saat kita berandai/menyatakan:

Kalau sekarang begini, nanti akan jadi begitu.

Coba ubah kalimat berikut ke Bahasa Inggris:

“Kalau (sekarang) aku beli ini, aku gak akan punya cukup uang untuk nonton film di bioskop.‪”
Answer:

“If I buy this, I won’t have enough money to watch a movie at cinema.” – @VFaradhika

Remember fellas!

Conditional 1: Main clause in Future Tense + IF clause in Present Tense. It’s all here.

Moving on!

Conditional 2 (Present – unreal)

Conditional 2 pernah kita bahas di sini: #EngClass: Conditional 2
Coba perhatikan diagram berikut.

Conditional 2

Conditional 2 menyatakan:

Andai (sebelumnya) aku… Sekarang ini, aku seharusnya/bisa saja/mungkin akan/mungkin bisa…”

Ada yang sudah buka link di atas? Bagaimana cara membuat kalimat conditional 2?

“Conditional 2 : if + past tense, past future tense. right min?” – @nani_a2

“main clause w/ Would should might could+V1, if+V2 (past tense)” – @fitridiot

Fellas contributions:

“If I were you, I would study hard.” – @cipputt
“If I were in UK, I would go to Old Trafford.” – @endahism
“I would tell the truth about the condition if he gave me back my silly cat.” – @ontinuruljannah
“If I had enough money, I would buy that new shirt.” – @IndraKrwan
“If I were you, I would buy car.” – @deansari

Wanna know more about Conditional Type 2? Click this.

Next!

Conditional 3 (Past – unreal)

Conditional 3 pernah kita bahas di sini: #EngClass: Conditional 3
Coba perhatikan diagram berikut.

Conditional 3

Conditional 3 menyatakan:

Andai (dulu) aku… Sebelum ini, aku pasti sudah/ bisa saja/ seharusnya sudah/ mungkin sudah…

Ada yang sudah buka link #EngClass: Conditional 3? Bagaimana cara membuat kalimat conditional 3?

Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + have + V3 + IF clause in Past Perfect Tense

Fellas contributions:

“If I had followed your TL earlier, I might have answered your question sooner.” – @dian_r_h
“I would have been angry to him if he had delivered my secret letter.” – @ryanmike13
“If you had come to the party last night, you would’ve met my boy.” – @sofyanlich
“If I had trained more, I might have been able to make it to the team.” – @masyoza
“If I had known you from the start, I might have accepted you to be my boyfriend.” – @ZarahChance
“If I had been a celebrity, I would have done a tour in Europe.” – @ZarahChance
“If I had learned the truth, I might have accepted that you’ve gone for long time.” – @hannathrs
“If I had followed @EnglishTips4U earlier, my english would have been better.” – @apriyannto
“If I had been ugly, I would have committed suicide.” – @Arnaka13

Have a look at this link for discussion and exercise on Conditional Clause 3.

Extra

There was also one question from a fella

“subject if clause dan subject main clause have to be the same atau engga min? :D” – @anafrich

Answer:

Not necessarily the same :) but do mind the tense of each clause :D
That’s a wrap fellas! I hope the article & diagrams help you understand the conditional clauses better.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 15, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

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#EngClass: Conditional 2

Sebelum fellas baca bahasan di bawah ini, ada baiknya intip bahasan #EngClass: Conditional 1 dulu ya :)

Sambil baca bahasan #EngClass: Conditional 1, ayo coba jawab beberapa pertanyaan berikut:

  1. Apa topik dari link yang barusan admin sebut?
  2. Kenapa Conditional 1 disebut (Future – Possible)?
  3. Apa resep kalimat Conditional 1?

If you can answer all three questions correctly, I reckon you’re all ready for this article. Let’s start! This time, we’ll discuss Conditional 2.

Conditional sentences punya 2 bagian: klausa utama, klausa “if”. Masing2 klausa punya Subject dan Verb sendiri. Apa maksudnya “masing2 klausa punya Subject dan Verb sendiri”? Coba cek di bahasan #EngClass: Conditional 1.

Conditional sentences ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Kali ini kita bahas Conditional 2.

Conditional 2 menyatakan

“Andai aku… Sekarang ini, aku seharusnya/bisa saja/mungkin akan/mungkin bisa…”

Kalimat ini menunjukkan pengandaian yang tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan. Bingung? Berikut contohnya:

  • “Andai aku giat belajar, aku pasti akan lulus ujian.”
  • “If I studied diligently, I would pass the test.”
  • Tapi gak belajar, lulus?

Kenapa Conditional 2 disebut (present – unreal)? Karena kondisi yang diandaikan, tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan.

Contoh:

  • “Andai aku belajar” menunjukkan aku gak belajar, sedangkan ujian sudah terjadi. Jadi gak mungkin belajar lagi biar lulus, kan?

Resep Conditional 2:

Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + V1 + IF clause in Simple Past Tense

Contoh:

  • “He would make good grades IF he studied hard.”

Resep lain Conditional 2:

IF clause in Simple Past Tense [comma] Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + V1

Contoh:

  • “If he studied hard, he would make good grades.”

Catatan Penting:

  1. If clause Conditional 2 selalu diikuti verb Past Tense, kecuali “to be”. Gunakan “were” untuk if clause Conditional 2.
  2. Would – akan (will), Should – seharusnya (shall), Could – bisa (can), Might – mungkin (may).
  3. Main clause menggunakan Would/Should/Could/Might dan selalu diikuti Verb 1.

Ayo kita coba:

  • “If I (have) enough money, I (will, fly) to Europe.”
    • buat kalimat conditional 2 dan ubah verb di dalam tanda kurung.
    • Answer: “If I had enough money, I would fly to Europe.”
      • Artinya: Kalau aku punya cukup uang, aku akan ke Eropa.
      • if clause diikuti past tense

Ayo kita coba 1 lagi:

  • “If I (to be) there, I (can, carry) those boxes for you.”
    • buat kalimat conditional 2 dan ubah verb di dalam tanda kurung.
    • Answer: “If I were there, I could carry those boxes for you.”
      • Artinya: Kalau aku di sana, aku bisa mengangkat kotak-kotak untukmu.

Alright! Let’s do the following exercises ;) Ready?

Practice

  1. If my mother (to be) here, she (will, know) what to do.
  2. If they (work) harder, they (shall, get) better salaries.
  3. If this naughty student (know) more grammar, he (may, be) in next grade.
  4. If you (take) the noon-train, you (will, get to) Jogja about 4pm.
  5. If today (to be) Saturday, I (will not, have) to work.

Answer

  1. If my mother were here, she would know what to do.
  2. If they worked harder, they should get better salaries.
  3. If this naughty student knew more grammar, he might be in next grade.
  4. If you took the noon-train, you would get to Jogja about 4pm.
  5. If today were Saturday, I would not have to work.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ