Hello, fellas! How’s your day?
Today we will talk about “brackets.” Here we go!
Brackets are symbols mainly used as separator for additional information to a sentence or a main content. If we remove the brackets, the sentence would still make good sense. There are two main types of brackets: round () and square . British English (BrE) and American English (AmE) define them differently.
BrE: ( ) = round brackets or brackets
AmE: ( ) = parentheses
BrE: [ ] = square brackets
AmE: [ ] = brackets
Round brackets or parentheses are used to add extra information to a sentence.
E.g.: “Lake Toba (Indonesia: Danau Toba) is the largest volcanic lake in the world and is in Sumatra, Indonesia.”
Round brackets or parentheses are used to indicate plural or singular nouns.
E.g.: “My new shelf need book(s).”
Round brackets or parentheses are used to add a personal comment.
E.g.: “Kuta Beach is the most beautiful beach in Bali. (I prefer Sanur Beach to Kuta Beach.)”
Round brackets or parentheses are used to define abbreviations.
E.g.: “The link above will take you to a PDF (Portable Document Format) version.”
Square brackets are used to modify another person’s words, especially when we want to make it clear that the modification has been made by us, not by the original writer.
The witness said: “He [the policeman] hit me.”
Square brackets are used to add information.
E.g.: “The two teams in the finals of the first FIFA Football World Cup were both from South America [Uruguay and Argentina].”
Square brackets are used to add missing words.
E.g.: “It is [a] good question.”
Square brackets are used to modify a direct quotation.
He “love[s] driving.” (The original words were “I love driving.”)
That’s all for today, fellas! I hope it’ll be useful for you. Good night!
Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U. Saturday, March 10, 2018.