Tag Archives: past

#EngClass: Participial adjective (3)

One of our followers asked the question above on Twitter. Do you have a similar question? Do you get confused as to when you should use present or past participle adjective? Kalau kamu masih tulis/bilang: “I’m interesting” saat mau menyatakan “Saya tertarik,” yuk baca lagi artikel ini sampai selesai.

Participle adjectives are verbs, often ends in -ing and -ed, which are used as adjectives.  There are two types of participles: present participles (v-ing) and past participles (v2). Example:

Present participle

Past participle

Boring

Bored

Relaxing

Relaxed

Tiring

Tired

Confusing

Confused

Exciting

Excited

We use present particular adjectives (v-ing) to talk about person, thing, or situation which caused the feeling. Example:

  • “I am boring.”
    • “Aku membosankan, aku menimbulkan rasa bosan.”
  • “They are confusing.”
    • “Mereka membingungkan, mereka menimbulkan kebingungan.”
  • “The book is exciting.”
    • “Bukunya menarik. Bukunya membuat orang tertarik.”

We use past participle adjectives (v2) to talk about how someone feels. Example:

  • “I am bored.”
    • “Aku merasa bosan. Yang kurasakan adalah bosan.”
  • “They are confused.”
    • “Mereka kebingungan. Yang mereka rasakan adalah bingung.”
  • “She is very excited.”
    • “Dia sangat bersemangat. Yang dia rasakan adalah semangat.”

If we were to compare the two side by side:

Present participle

Past participle

Penyebab perasaan

Perasaan yang dirasa

[Me- -kan]

[ter-], [ke- -an]

Entertaining

Entertained

Menghibur

Merasa terhibur

More examples:

Present participle

Past participle

Boring

(Membosankan)

Bored

(Merasa bosan)

Relaxing

(Membuat santai)

Relaxed

(Merasa santai)

Tiring

(Melelahkan)

Tired

(Merasa lelah)

Confusing

(Membingungkan)

Confused

(Merasa bingung)

Exciting

(Menarik)

Excited

(Merasa tertarik)

So, what do you think? I hope the explanation was clear enough. If you still have any question, feel free to leave a comment down below, or you can also mention us on twitter.

How about having a short quiz to see how well you understand the explanation given above? Look at these sentences and choose the correct answer.

  1. I was really (boring/bored) during the lecture. It was really (boring/bored).
  2. I bought a really (interesting/interested) book last night. If you’re (interesting/interested), I can lend it to you.
  3. I heard an (alarming/alarmed) noise last night, and it kept me (alarming/alarmed) all night.

Answer:

  1. bored; boring.
  2. interesting; interested.
  3. alarming; alarmed.

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, March 22, 2017

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#EngTrivia: The use of ‘may’ and ‘might’

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Have you ever wondered the correct way to use ‘may’ and ‘might?’ Let’s have a discussion about it.

May

May is a modal verb. It is used to:

  1. say that something is possible (to happen).
    • Example:
      • He may be late.
  2. ask for permission.
    • Example:
      • May I use the phone?
  3. speculate about past activity.
    • Example:
      • She is late. She may have missed the bus.

Might

Might is the past tense form of may. May and might are actually interchangeable in some forms of sentences. From the examples above we can switch the word ‘may’ into ‘might.’

  • He might be late.
  • Might I use the phone?
  • She was late. She might have missed the bus.

The use of ‘might’ shows the use of past tense. Don’t hesitate to use ‘may’ or ‘might’ in these situations because they basically have the same meaning.

 

Compiled and written by @iismail21 at @EnglishTips4u on Sunday, January 24, 2016

 

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#GrammarTrivia: Three Key Past Forms

Did you ever experience that “the biggest problem with the past (tense) is making sure you don’t get the different forms confused”?

According to the CGP GCSE English Grammar book, there are the easy way to avoid that is by learning the THREE KEY PAST FORMS

Example 1: “I INVENTED a magic potion.” <- Ini menunjukkan kejadian tunggal (single action) yg terjadi sekali di waktu lampau dan telah selesai (finished). Ini bentuk past biasa (ordinary form)

Example 2: “I HAVE INVENTED a magic potion.” <- Fellas harus memakai yang ini dalam membicarakan yang telah terjadi (that happened) dan telah selesai (was finished) pada saat baru saja terjadi (recent past).

Example 3: “I WAS INVENTING a magic potion.” <- Disini pembuatan (inventing) masih terjadi (still happening) dan belum selesai (wasn’t finished) pada saatnya (past)

Yap begitu-> @ki_war: bukannya kejadiannya udah slesai?? Tapi prosesnya sedang berlangsung pada waktu yg dirujuk kalimat, bukan gitu tah?? RE: Example 3

Jadi perbedaan mereka adalah (contoh menggunakan verb “learn”):

  1. I learned = FINISHED (sudah selesai)
  2. I have learned = RECENTLY FINISHED (baru saja selesai)
  3. I was learning = NOT FINISHED (belum selesai)

Memang kelihatan dan terdengar ribet tapi sebenarnya tidak. Yang perlu dipahami adalah:

DIFFERENT PAST TENSE forms have DIFFERENT MEANINGS – Bentuk past tense yang berbeda memiliki arti yang berbeda

Jadi inti dari Three Key Past forms diatas adalah kapan menggunakan:

Simple Past Tense (I learned), Present Perfect Tense (I have learned) and Past Continuous/Progressive Tense (I was learning)

For more about those tenses click here https://englishtips4u.com/2011/06/19/engclass-simple-past-vs-present-perfect/ … and here https://englishtips4u.com/2011/12/26/engclass-past-progressive-tense/ … or visit http://englishtips4u.com  :)

Demikian fellas tentang Three Key Past forms yang dijelaskan oleh CGP :) Semoga bermanfaat

Do remember those three key past forms (Simple Past, Present Perfect, Past Continuous/Progressive) then your writing should be okay :)

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on December 13, 2012

 

 

#EngClass: Simple Past tense (positive)

Hi, fellas! Beberapa minggu lalu kita sudah membahas Simple Present Tense dan Present Progressive Tense. Hari ini kita akan melanjutkan pembahasan kita mengenai Past Tense.

Past Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan perbuatan, kejadian atau kebiasaan di waktu lampau.

  • Contoh:
    • “I bought a new car last week.”

Terdapat beberapa kata keterangan waktu dalam Simple Past Tense, antara lain

  • yesterday (kemarin),
  • last week/month/year (minggu/bulan/tahun lalu),
  • a few days ago (beberapa hari lalu), dll.

Seperti sebelumnya, kita membahas kalimat positif terlebih dahulu. Untuk membentuk sebuah kalimat dengan menggunakan Simple Past Tense, kita harus mengikuti aturan penulisan dengan menggunakan rumus:

S + V2 + O/adverb

V2 adalah bentuk lampau dari V1. Ada 2 macam kata kerja (verb) di dalam Bahasa Inggris, yaitu regular verb dan irregular verb.

Irregular verb V2 harus diingat karena bentuk lampaunya tidak beraturan. Kita dapat menemukan beberapa bentuk irregular verb di dalam kamus.

  • Contoh:
    • eat ~ ate,
    • is ~ was,
    • bring ~ brought.

Regular verb V2 dibentuk dengan menambah “d/ed” di belakang regular verb V1. Ada beberapa aturan yang perlu diperhatikan saat membentuk regular verb V2.

  • Bila V1 berakhiran “e”, cukup ditambah dengan “d”.
    • Contoh:
      • agree ~ agreed.
  • Bila V1 berakhiran huruf selain “e”, tambahkan “ed” di belakang kata tersebut.
    • Contoh:
      • work ~ worked.
  • Bila V1 berakhiran “y” dan di depannya terdapat huruf mati, ubah “y” jadi “i” dan tambahkan “ed” di belakangnya.
    • Contoh:
      • study ~ studied.
  • Bila V1 berakhiran “y” dan di depannya terdapat huruf vokal, “y” tidak diubah (tetap) dan ditambah “ed” di belakang kata tersebut.
    • Contoh:
      • stay ~ stayed.
  • Bila V1 berakhiran huruf mati dan di depannya terdapat huruf vokal, maka ulangi huruf mati tersebut dan tambahkan “ed” di belakangnya.
    • Contoh:
      • stop ~ stopped.
  • Bila V1 berakhiran huruf “X” atau “W” dan di depannya terdapat huruf vokal, maka tambahkan “ed” laangsung di belakang kata tersebut.
    • Contoh:
      • mix ~ mixed.
  • Bila V1 berakhiran huruf mati, 2 suku kata dan tekanan pada suku kata terakhir, ulangi huruf mati dan tambah “ed” di belakangnya.
    • Contoh:
      • submit ~ submitted.

Practice

Time for some practice. Complete these sentences in Past Tense. Don’t forget to answer in full sentences.

  1. I (study) English and French a few days ago.
  2. You (work) hard yesterday.
  3. She (arrive) at the airport a few minutes ago.
  4. He (need) a new English dictionary a few days ago.
  5. They (submit) the applications yesterday.
  6. I (stay) at that hotel last month.

 

Answer

  1. I studied English and French a few days ago.
  2. You worked hard yesterday.
  3. She arrived at the airport a few minutes ago.
  4. He needed a new English dictionary a few days ago.
  5. They submitted the applications yesterday.
  6. I stayed at that hotel last month.

 

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 30, 2011

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