Tag Archives: participle

#EngClass: Participial adjective (3)

One of our followers asked the question above on Twitter. Do you have a similar question? Do you get confused as to when you should use present or past participle adjective? Kalau kamu masih tulis/bilang: “I’m interesting” saat mau menyatakan “Saya tertarik,” yuk baca lagi artikel ini sampai selesai.

Participle adjectives are verbs, often ends in -ing and -ed, which are used as adjectives.  There are two types of participles: present participles (v-ing) and past participles (v2). Example:

Present participle

Past participle

Boring

Bored

Relaxing

Relaxed

Tiring

Tired

Confusing

Confused

Exciting

Excited

We use present particular adjectives (v-ing) to talk about person, thing, or situation which caused the feeling. Example:

  • “I am boring.”
    • “Aku membosankan, aku menimbulkan rasa bosan.”
  • “They are confusing.”
    • “Mereka membingungkan, mereka menimbulkan kebingungan.”
  • “The book is exciting.”
    • “Bukunya menarik. Bukunya membuat orang tertarik.”

We use past participle adjectives (v2) to talk about how someone feels. Example:

  • “I am bored.”
    • “Aku merasa bosan. Yang kurasakan adalah bosan.”
  • “They are confused.”
    • “Mereka kebingungan. Yang mereka rasakan adalah bingung.”
  • “She is very excited.”
    • “Dia sangat bersemangat. Yang dia rasakan adalah semangat.”

If we were to compare the two side by side:

Present participle

Past participle

Penyebab perasaan

Perasaan yang dirasa

[Me- -kan]

[ter-], [ke- -an]

Entertaining

Entertained

Menghibur

Merasa terhibur

More examples:

Present participle

Past participle

Boring

(Membosankan)

Bored

(Merasa bosan)

Relaxing

(Membuat santai)

Relaxed

(Merasa santai)

Tiring

(Melelahkan)

Tired

(Merasa lelah)

Confusing

(Membingungkan)

Confused

(Merasa bingung)

Exciting

(Menarik)

Excited

(Merasa tertarik)

So, what do you think? I hope the explanation was clear enough. If you still have any question, feel free to leave a comment down below, or you can also mention us on twitter.

How about having a short quiz to see how well you understand the explanation given above? Look at these sentences and choose the correct answer.

  1. I was really (boring/bored) during the lecture. It was really (boring/bored).
  2. I bought a really (interesting/interested) book last night. If you’re (interesting/interested), I can lend it to you.
  3. I heard an (alarming/alarmed) noise last night, and it kept me (alarming/alarmed) all night.

Answer:

  1. bored; boring.
  2. interesting; interested.
  3. alarming; alarmed.

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, March 22, 2017

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^MQ

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#EngClass: Participial adjective (2)

Hi, Fellas! Apakah kalian sering terbalik saat menggunakan kata surprised/surprising, excited/exciting, interested/interesting, dsb, di dalam kalimat? Kali ini kita akan membahas mengenai participial adjective. Semoga membantu.

Kita tahu bahwa adjective adalah kata sifat dan fungsinya untuk menjelaskan kata benda.

  • Contoh:
    • kuku tebal, apel merah, pintu lebar.
    • big house, pretty girl, soft pillow, sweet peaches, crunchy crackers,wide grin, dll.

Participial adjective adalah adjective (kata sifat) yang berbentuk V+ing (Present Participle) dan V+ed (Past Participle).

Walaupun participal adjective terbentuk dari verb (kata kerja) yang ditambah “-ing” atau “-ed“, fungsi dari kata tersebut adalah sebagai adjective.

  • Contoh:
    • a boring film,
    • an excited girl,
    • an amusing story – an amused audience,
    • a confusing situation – a confused student,
    • a stunning performance – a stunned crowd.

Kata “boring”, “excited”, “amusing”, “amused”, “confusing”, “confused”, “stunning”, dan “stunned” pada contoh di atas adalah adjective (kata sifat) yang menjelaskan noun (kata benda).

Lantas apakah bedanya? Apakah artinya sama? Tidak.

Participial Adjective V+ing dan V+ed memiliki arti yang berbeda. Akan lebih mudah jika perbedaannya dijelaskan dalam beberapa contoh berikut

  • Contoh (a):
    • “The girl is entertained.”
    • “The show is entertaining.”

Kata “entertained” menjelaskan bahwa gadis itu merasa “terhibur,” sedangkan “entertaining”  menerangkan bahwa pertunjukkan tersebut menyebabkan/memberikan rasa “menghibur.”

  • Contoh (b):
    • “I am interested.”
    • “He is interesting.”

interested” menjelaskan bahwa “saya” merasa “tertarik,” sedangkan “interesting” menjelaskan “dia” menyebabkan/memberikan rasa “menarik”.

Jelas bukan perbedaannya? Coba bedakan:

She is exhausted.” dan “Her work is exhausting.”

Siapakah yang merasa lelah? Apakah yang membuatnya kelelahan?

Practice

  1. My bath was (relaxing/relaxed). I feel (relaxing/relaxed) now.
  2. Joy is (tiring/tired) because she had a (tiring/tired) day.
  3. The direction to the hotel was (confusing/confused). The driver was (confusing/confused).
  4. So much work was (overwhelming/overwhelmed). The staff are (overwhelming/overwhelmed).
  5. Your jokes are (amusing/amused). I am (amusing/amused).
  6. I was so (entertaining/entertained) by the movie. The movie was very (entertaining/entertained).
  7. His company is (interesting/interested) at my work. My work is very (interesting/interested).
  8. My dad’s words were (upsetting/upset). I felt (upsetting/upset).
  9. They’re talking too loud. I am (annoying/annoyed). The noise is (annoying/annoyed).
  10. I was (intriguing/intrigued). The sculpture was (intriguing/intrigued).

Answer

  1. My bath was (relaxing). I feel (relaxed) now.
  2. Joy is (tired) because she had a (tiring) day.
  3. The direction to the hotel was (confusing). The driver was (confused).
  4. So much work was (overwhelming). The staff are (overwhelmed).
  5. Your jokes are (amusing). I am (amused).
  6. I was so (entertained) by the movie. The movie was very (entertaining).
  7. His company is (interested) at my work. My work is very (interesting).
  8. My dad’s words were (upsetting). I felt (upset).
  9. They’re talking too loud. I am (annoyed). The noise is (annoying).
  10. I was (intrigued). The sclupture was (intriguing).

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, November 16, 2011

Related post(s):

^MD

#EngClass: Participial adjective

Kali ini kita akan membahas participial adjective. Apakah itu? Kalian pasti pernah mendengar kata “boring” dan “bored” kan?

Participial adjective adalah kata sifat yang diambil dari the past participle (-ed) dan the present participle (-ing).

Seringkali terdapat salah penggunaan antara the past participle dan the present participle dalam sebuah kalimat, seperti:

  • “I’m interested in English.” | “I’m interesting in English.”
  • “English is interesting.” | “English is interested.

Kata yang dibentuk dari the past participle (interested) menjelaskan apa yang dirasakan seseorang.

  • Contoh:
    • “Saya tertarik dengan Bahasa Inggris.” -> “I’m interested in English.”

“interested” menjelaskan bagaimana perasaan saya terhadap Bahasa Inggris.

Kata yang terbentuk dari the present participle (interesting) menjelaskan penyebab dari perasaan tertarik pada ‘saya.’ Dalam contoh di atas, penyebabnya adalah ‘bahasa Inggris’ dan kata ‘interesting’ menjelaskan bahwa suatu hal (bahasa Inggris) itu menarik.

Untuk membuat kalimat dengan menggunakan participal adjective dapat aturan penulisan sebagai berikut:

S + be + adjective

Contoh:

  • “I was surprised.”
  • “The news was surprising.”

Exercise

1. I don’t like our new teacher. He really bores me. I think he is a (boring/bored) person.
boring
correct!
bored

2. I don’t understand these formulas. They are so (confusing/confused).
confusing
correct!
confused

3. Have you heard about the latest news? I’m so (exciting/excited) to tell you!
excited
correct!
exciting

4. I had never been to Raja Ampat before. But when I was there, I was really (fascinating/fascinated).
fascinated
correct!
fascinating

5. Everyone was (shocking/shocked) when they heard the minister’s corruption scandal for the first time.
shocked
correct!
shocking

6. I will never sing in front of the class again! It was so (embarrassing/embarrassed).
embarassed
correct!
embarassing

7. I feel very (tiring/tired) after the long trip.
tiring
correct!
tired

8. I don’t think I can watch that movie. It’s so very (depressing/depressed).
depressing
correct!
depressed

9. Oh my goodness, look at the size of that cake! It’s very (tempting/tempted). I want to eat it!
tempting
correct!
tempted

10. She never really finished that work. I guess she’s already . . . (frustrating/frustrated) because of it.
frustrated
correct!
frustrating

 

Compiled and written by  for  on Friday, July 29, 2011

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^MD