Tag Archives: noun

#EngClass: Non-count nouns

In this article, we will learn about non-count nouns. Most non-count nouns refer to a ‘whole’ that is made up of different parts.

Many nouns can be used as either non-count or count nouns, but the meaning is different. Examples:

  • Non-count: Anna has brown hair.
  • Count: Tim has a hair on his jacket.

To express a particular quantity, some non-count nouns may be preceded by unit expressions. For example:

  • a spoonful of sugar,
  • a glass of water,
  • a cup of coffee,
  • a quart of milk,
  • a loaf of bread,
  • a grain of rice,
  • a bowl of soup,
  • a bag of flour,
  • a pound of meat,
  • a piece of furniture,
  • a piece of paper,
  • a piece of jewelry.

The following are typical of nouns which are commonly used as non-count nouns:

  1. Whole groups made up of similar items:
    • baggage, clothing, equipment, food, fruit, furniture, garbage, hardware, jewelry, junk, luggage, machinery, mail, makeup, money/cash/change, postage, scenery, traffic, etc.
  2. Fluids:
    • water, coffee, tea, milk, oil, soup, gasoline, blood, etc.
  3. Solids:
    • ice, bread, butter, cheese, meat, gold, iron, silver, glass, paper, wood, cotton, wool, etc.
  4. Gases:
    • steam, air, oxygen, nitrogen, smog, smoke, pollution, etc.
  5. Particles:
    • rice, chalk, corn, dirt, dust, flour, grass, hair, pepper, salt, sand, sugar, wheat, etc.
  6. Abstractions:
    • beauty, confidence, courage, education, enjoyment, fun, happiness, health, advice, information, news, time, space, energy, homework, work, grammar, vocabulary, etc.
  7. Languages:
    • Arabic, Chinese, English, Spanish, etc.
  8. Fields of study:
    • chemistry, engineering, history, literature, mathematics, psychology, dentistry, etc.
  9. General activities:
    • driving, studying, swimming, traveling, walking, etc.
  10. Recreation:
    • baseball, soccer, tennis, chess, poker, etc.
  11. Natural phenomena:
    • weather, dew, fog, hail, heat, humidity, lightning, rain, sleet, snow, thunder, wind, darkness, light, sunshine, electricity, fire, gravity, etc.

 

Should you have any comment or question regarding this topic, feel free to leave a message in the comment box down below.

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, December 4,  2016

 

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#GRAMMARTRIVIA: Noun + Preposition (IN or TO)

Howdy, fellas! How’s your Monday going? I hope it’s going great! :)

Anyway, I’d like to talk about a bit of grammar now, which is ‘Noun + Preposition (IN or TO)’. Here we go! #GrammarTrivia

1. Noun + IN: increase in, fall in. Study the following examples. #GrammarTrivia

Increase IN: “There has been an increase IN the number of road accidents recently.” #GrammarTrivia

Fall IN: “Last year was a bad year for the company. There was a big fall IN sales.” #GrammarTrivia

2. Noun + TO: damage to, invitation to, solution to, reaction to, attitude to. Study the following examples. #GrammarTrivia

Damage TO: “The accident was my fault, so I had to pay for the damage TO the other car.” #GrammarTrivia

Invitation TO: “Did you get an invitation TO the party?” #GrammarTrivia

Solution TO: “Do you think we’ll find a solution TO the problem?” (NOT ‘a solution of the problem’). #GrammarTrivia

Reaction TO: “I was surprised at her reaction TO my suggestion.” #GrammarTrivia

Attitude TO (or TOWARDS): “His attitude TO (or TOWARDS) his job is very positive.” #GrammarTrivia

Therefore, that is how we use prepositions IN or TO after a noun. I hope this short discussion helps you. #GrammarTrivia

All in all, remember to visit http://englishtips4u.com and http://facebook.com/englishtips4u, fellas! See you! :)

Source: English Grammar in Use (Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press).

Compiled by @aditriasmara at @EnglishTips4U on November 24, 2014.

#GRAMMARTRIVIA: Noun + Preposition (FOR or OF)

Howdy, fellas! How’s your Monday going? I hope it’s going great! :)

Anyway, I’d like to talk about a bit of grammar now, which is ‘Noun + Preposition (FOR or OF)’. Here we go! #GrammarTrivia

1. Noun + FOR: a cheque for, a demand for, a reason for. Study the following examples. #GrammarTrivia

A cheque FOR: “They sent me a cheque FOR $750.” #GrammarTrivia

A demand FOR: “The firm closed down because there wasn’t enough demand FOR its product.” #GrammarTrivia

A reason FOR: “The train was late but nobody knew the reason FOR (not ‘reason of’) the delay.” #GrammarTrivia

2. Noun + OF: an advantage of, a cause of, a photograph of. Study the following examples. #GrammarTrivia

An advantage OF: “The advantage OF living alone is that you can do what you like.” #GrammarTrivia

A cause OF: “Nobody knows what the cause OF the explosion was.” #GrammarTrivia

A photograph OF: “She showed me some photographs OF her family.” #GrammarTrivia

Therefore, that is how we use prepositions FOR and OF after a noun. I hope this short discussion helps you. #GrammarTrivia

All in all, remember to visit http://englishtips4u.com and http://facebook.com/englishtips4u, fellas! See you! :)

Source: English Grammar in Use (Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press).

Compiled by @aditriasmara at @EnglishTips4U on November 17, 2014.

#EngQuiz: Guess the movies’ nouns, adjectives and verbs!

Are you an avid movie watcher? The game in this article is related to movies!

I will mention a movie title and then you have to guess three things. They are three words consisting of 1 (one) noun, 1 adjective and 1 verb based on what you viewed on the movie. And don’t forget each end of the word mention the type of the word: noun is (n), adjective is (adj) and verb is (v).

For example:

  • Q: “Harry Potter”
  • A: “Boy (n), brave (adj), hide (v)”

Do not:

  • mention the characters’ names, actors/actresses names or special names/items in the movie,
  • only English words are accepted,
  • and NO rude words please.

Questions:

  1. 101 Dalmatians
  2. Wreck-it-Ralph
  3. Les Miserables
  4. Inception
  5. Finding Nemo
  6. Rio
  7. 17 Again
  8. Amelie
  9. Toy Story
  10. Wall-E

Answer:

  1. ..
    • “Dogs(n) Smart(adj) Run(v).”- @tiffany_Wjy
    • “lady (n) cruel (adj) kidnap (v).” – @IbnuFJ
  2. ..
  3. ..
    • “Prisoner (n), loyal (adj), struggle (v).” – @sonyafel
    • “fabric (n), beautiful (Adj), sing (v).” – @erna27
    • “convict (n), melancholy (adj), revolt (v).” – @yantiyanto
  4. ..
    • “Dream (n), dream (adj), dream (v).” – @ituteguh
    • “dream (n), complicated (adj), compete (v).” – @AnofZuldian 
  5. ..
    • “Ocean (n), Brave (adj), Swim (v).” – @tintin_gustin
    • “clown fish (n), little (adj) , disappear (v).” – @deasydonald 
  6. ..
  7. ..
    • “glasses (n), handsome (adj), wish (v)” – @atherizt
    • “Basketball (n), young (adj), shoot (v)” – @YanuarYusuf7 
  8. ..
    • “prodigy (n) mysterious (adj) move(v)” – @nurinaay
    • “photo booth (n), artistic (adj), meet up (v)” – @miamiamiya
  9. ..
    • “Attic (n), incredible (adj), donate (v)” – @OwLuck
    • “Cowboy (n) faithful (adj) run (v)” – @salscy 
  10. ..
    • “robot (n), sincere (adj), search (v)” – @__kharisma
    • “robot (n) lonely (adj) build (v)” – @wayanoo
    • “Trash (n), dirty (adj), repair (v) @JempolJail

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at ” –@EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, June 4, 2013

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#EngClass: Noun of kind

Kita telah mengetahui bahwa noun adalah kata benda, namun terdapat istilah lain yang berkaitan dengan kata tersebut, yaitu noun of kind.

Noun of kind adalah kata benda seperti ‘kind,’ ‘type,’ ‘sort,’ ‘species,’ ‘class,’ ‘variety,’ ‘make,’ dan ‘brand,’ yang membagi suatu massa atau satu set objek ke dalam jenis atau spesies.

  • Contoh:
    • “Monkey is a kind of animal.” (Kera adalah sejenis hewan.)
    • “Android is a type of smartphone.”
    • “A grey shark is a species of shark.”
    • “Nescafe is a brand of coffee.”
    • “A BMW is a make of car.”

Jenis noun of kind yang paling umum digunakan dan berguna adalah ‘kind,’ ‘sort,’ ‘type.’

‘kind (of),’ ‘sort (of),’ ‘type (of)’

‘kind,’ ‘sort,’ ‘type’ dapat digunakan secara bergantian dengan arti yang sama (interchangeable). Ketiga jenis kata itu sering diikuti oleh ‘of,’ sehingga membentuk frasa ‘kind of,’ ‘sort of,’ dan ‘type of.’

  • Contoh:
    • “Tomato is a kind (sort/type) of vegetable.” (Tomat adalah sejenis sayuran).

Kita bisa menghilangkan kata ‘of‘ ketika kata benda yang dimaksud sudah jelas dilihat dari situasinya.

  • Contoh:
    • A: “I need something to drink.”
    • B: “What kind would you like?”
    • A: “Cold one, please.”

Singular vs. plural

Permasalahan yang sering kali membingungkan adalah penggunaan kata benda tunggal (singular) atau jamak (plural) dalam menggunakan noun of kind. Misalnya,

A snake is a kind of reptile (singular).” atau “A snake is a kind of reptiles (plural).”

Kedua kalimat tersebut benar jika digunakan dalam komunikasi lisan. Bentuk singular akan memberi kesan  formal, sementara  bentuk plural memberi kesan informalNamun, dalam penggunaannya dalam komunikasi tulisan, bentuk singular lebih diharapkan atau dianggap benar.

Bagaimana jika “jenis” yang dimaksud jumlahnya ada lebih dari satu? Maka kalimatnya akan menjadi:

“I don’t like these sorts of thing.”

[these sorts: jenis-jenis (plural); of thing: hal (singular)].

Kita juga bisa menambahkan adjective (kata sifat) di depan noun of kind.

  • Contoh:
    • “Flying car is a new type of transportation.” (adjective = new).

‘kind of’ atau ‘sort of’ yang berarti ‘rather’

Dalam percakapan informal, ‘kind of’ atau ‘sort of’ dapat juga diartikan sebagai ‘rather’ (agak).

  • Contoh:
    • “I sort of like him.” (Aku agak suka dia.)

‘kind of’ atau ‘sort of’ dalam arti ini dapat digunakan sebelum adjective, verb, adverb yang berfungsi sebagai adverb of degree. Namun, penggunaan ‘kind of’ atau ‘sort of’ yang seperti ini sering dianggap sebagai bad English.

‘kind of’ lebih sering digunakan di Amerika Serikat (American English), sementara “sort of” lebih banyak digunakan di Inggris (British English).

 

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, April 9, 2012

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#EngTrivia: Concrete nouns and abstract nouns

Concrete noun

Concrete noun adalah suatu benda atau seseorang yang dapat kita rasakan melalui kelima indera kita.

Kelima indera itu adalah indera penglihatan, penciuman, sentuhan, pendengaran, atau perasa.

Concrete noun dapat berupa common noun, countable noun atau uncountable noun, singular noun atau plural noun, proper noun.

Berikut ini adalah contoh-contoh dari concrete noun:
  • Common concrete noun:
    • dog, cat, girl, boy, water, etc.
  • Countable concrete noun:
    • chair(s), computer(s), song(s), door(s), window(s).
  • Uncountable concrete noun:
    • water, air, oil, sugar, salt, rice, cheese, etc.
  • Proper noun (nama spesifik sebuah tempat/orang/benda):
    • Rumah Sakit Pondok Indah, Dr. Agustinus Wibowo, etc.
Nah, tergantung dari pemakaiannya di dalam kalimat, ada juga kata-kata yang bisa menjadi concrete noun/abstract noun. Salah satu contohnya adalah kata: ‘key.’
‘Key’ akan menjadi concrete noun jika ia mempunyai makna kunci untuk membuka pintu (dalam arti sebenarnya).
  • Contoh:
    • I’ve lost my key, I can’t open my room!

Abstract noun

Berlawanan dengan concrete noun, abstract noun merupakan kata benda yang tidak bisa kita rasakan dengan panca indera kita.

Abstract noun digunakan untuk menjelaskan suatu hal yang tidak berwujud seperti konsep, perasaan, kualitas, yang tidak mempunyai wujud fisik.

Berikut adalah contoh-contoh abstract noun:

  • anger,
  • art,
  • beauty,
  • friendship,
  • fun,
  • love,
  • luck,
  • violence, etc.

Practice:

Untuk lebih memahami abstract noun, coba kerjakan quiz berikut:

  1. Common noun: brother | abstract noun: ______
  2. Common noun: scholar | abstract noun: _____
  3. Common noun: friend | abstract noun: _____
  4. Verb: behave | abstract noun: _____
  5. Verb: know | abstract noun: _____
  6. Verb: marry | abstract noun: _____
  7. Adjective: angry | abstract noun: _____
  8. Adjective: true | abstract noun: _____
  9. Adjective: happy | abstract noun: _____
  10. Adjective: weak | abstract noun: _____

Answer:

  1. brotherhood
  2. scholarship
  3. friendship
  4. behavior
  5. knowledge
  6. marriage
  7. anger
  8. truth
  9. happiness
  10. weakness

 

Compiled and written by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, March 30 and April 6, 2012


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#GrammarTrivia: Common noun vs Proper noun

Common noun

Dalam Bahasa Indonesia, common noun dapat disebut sebagai “kata benda umum.”  Common noun adalah kata-kata benda yang merujuk pada orang, benda, zat, dan lain-lain secara umum. e.g. woman, city, book, dog, water, etc.

Secara umum common noun dimulai dengan huruf kecil dan bisa ditambahkan artikel “a, an, the” di depannya. e.g. a woman, the city, the book, a dog, the water, etc.

Proper noun

Proper noun adalah lawan dari common noun, yaitu kata benda yang mengacu pada nama (biasanya satu nama), seperti nama orang atau nama tempat atau nama organisasi. Tidak seperti common noun, proper noun biasanya tidak menggunakan artikel “a, an, the” di depannya dan tidak mempunyai bentuk plural.

Mari lihat contoh beberapa proper noun berikut:

  • Anna (nama orang),
  • Papua (nama tempat),
  • UN (nama organisasi).

Ketiga nama itu tidak bisa ditambahkan artikel “a, an, the” seperti “The Anna,” juga tidak mempunyai bentuk plural, misalnya “Papuas.”

Seperti aturan penulisan nama pada umumnya, ketika kita menuliskan “proper noun,” selalu awali dengan huruf kapital.

Proper noun” tapi seperti “common noun

Selain common noun dan proper noun, terdapat “proper noun” yang terkadang sifatnya seperti “common noun.” Ada juga saat di mana “proper noun” dapat menggunakan artikel dan mempunyai bentuk plural. e.g., “He’s like a Superman.” (Dia seperti seorang Superman.) atau bisa juga mengacu pada nama keluarga (beserta anggotanya). e.g., “The Adams live next door.” (Keluarga Adam tinggal di rumah sebelah.)

 

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, December 12, 2011

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