Tag Archives: engtrivia

#EngTrivia: American Cuts of Beef

Guyysss, how are you? Did you get the free meat from a mosque close to your house?On behalf of EnglishTips4U, we extend the wish for happy Eid al Adha to those who are celebrating it. *yeaaay makan2.

So what food do you have for dinner? Is that a meat-based dish? I am sure some of you have barbeque. Send me some ‘virtual’ satay please. LOL. Anyway, in order to accompany you enjoy the dish. I’ll share some information on MEAT! Guess what, there are several methods of cutting beef in the world. Let see and you may decide which part of the beef you have for your dinner.

There are eight types of beef cut, namely American Cuts, Argentine Cuts, Brazilian Cuts, Dutch Cuts, French Cuts, Portuguese Cuts, Turkish Cuts, and UK Cuts. But today, we are gonna see the the American Cuts since it is more widely used in the world, including by Indonesian butchers.

US_Beef_cuts.svg

American Cuts

American Cuts is divided into two, namely Forequarter Cuts and Hindquarter Cuts. Forequarter Cuts starts from the middle of the cow (the body) to somewhere around the neck whilst Hindquarter Cuts are from the middle to the end. The forequarter part makes up several cuts of beef. They are Chuck, Rib, Brisket, Plate, and Shank.

  • Several dishes made of Chuck are hamburgers, roasts, and steaks.
  • The most popular dish made of Rib is the rib eye steaks.
  • Brisket is primarily used for barbeque, corned beef, and pastrami.
  • Some people used Plate for roasts or pastrami.
  • Shank is used for stews and soups. Shank is in fact the toughest of the cuts.

Enough with the forequarter part; now we move on to the back part, the Hindquarter Cuts.

  • This cuts make up the Loin (Short Loin, Sirloin, Tenderloin), Round, and Flank. I am sure many of you know the foods made of Loin. Yaaas! They are steaks! Now you know which part of the cow used for your steaks.
  • Round and Flank are also primarily used for steaks. The Round is anyway a little bit tough yet less fat.
  • Flank is mostly used for grinding. Some people also used this for fajitas or affordable steaks considering this part is tougher than the Loin or Rib.

So, that’s it guys for today. You may now be able to define what cuts of beef you have for your dinner. Thanks again guys. See you next time.

#EngTrivia Shakespearean Words

Good evening, fellas! Have you got any plan for tonight? What about joining today’s #EngTrivia session? Stay tuned, fellas ;)

“What’s in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.”. Anybody knows whose quotation is that? #EngTrivia

Yes, it is a quotation from William Shakespeare. I’m pretty sure many of you have heard about who Shakespeare was. #EngTrivia

William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language. #EngTrivia

One of his most well-known work was a tragic love story, Romeo and Juliet. #EngTrivia

Today I would like to share about understanding some peculiar Shakespearean words. #EngTrivia

  1. THOU. It is used when “you” are the subject of the sentence #EngTrivia

Example: Thou art my friend. It simply means “you are my friend.” (You as a subject) #EngTrivia

  1. THEE. It is used when “you” are the object of the sentence. #EngTrivia

Example: I love thee. I give thee all my love. It simply means “I love you. I give you all my love.” (You as an object) #EngTrivia

  1. THY. It is used as a possessive form of you. It’s commonly used before a consonant sound word. (e.g. father, mother) #EngTrivia

Example:  Deny thy father and refuse thy name. It simply means “deny your father, refuse your name.” (father and name is started with a consonant) #EngTrivia

  1. THINE. It is used as a possessive form of you. It’s commonly used before a noun that begins with vowel/vowel sound. (e.g. our, hour) #EngTrivia

Example: Where is thine enemy? It simply means “where is your enemy?” (Enemy is started with a vowel) #EngTrivia

  1. ART. He also commonly wrote word “are” as “art”. So, a sentence started with “thou art” simply means “You are”. #EngTrivia
  2. AY.  It simply means “yes”. So, “Ay, My Lady” simply means “Yes, My Lady.” #EngTrivia

Well, it’s a wrap for tonight. How was it, fellas? I hope it has been useful for you. :)

compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4U on September 12th, 2015.


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#EngTrivia: Hard and Soft Sound

Hello, fellas! How are you today? I hope your Monday went smashing.

Today, we’re going to talk about the pronunciation of two particular letters in English alphabet, ‘c’ and ‘g’.

Both letters can produce what we call hard and soft sound, depending on the letters that follow them. Let’s start with ‘c’.

If followed by the vowels a, o, and u, ‘c’ will be pronounced as [k], as in cat, car, café, coffee, cup, Cuba, etc.

But when the next letter is the vowels e, i, and y, ‘c’ will produce soft sound [s]. E.g. cellar, cent, cinder, cyber.

There are however some words that do not follow this rules, such as Celtic (pronounced \’kel-tik) and soccer.

As in façade [\fə-ˈsäd\], the soft sound of ‘c’ is indicated by the cedilla to its bottom (ç).

Next, we have ‘g’ which can be pronounced as [g] if followed by vowels a, o, u, and [\ˈjē\] if followed by e, i, and y.

Example of the hard sound: gall, gas, God, gum. Example of the soft sound: gem, general, surgery, gesture, gist, gif, rigid, gym, prodigy, gyroscope.

Exception occurs on several words, such as girl, gill, tiger, giddy, give, get, gift, in which the ‘g’ produces hard sound.

By the way, did you know that our 1st book has hit the stores? Here it is, as seen in Gramed Duta Plaza, Dps, Bali

etifoyu

That’s all for today! I hope this can help you improve your pronunciation. Check also many other topics at . See ya!
Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 31 August, 2015

#EngTrivia: Palindromes and Semordnilap

Let’s begin the new month with a light and fun topic: Palindromes! 

Remember when the Internet was shocked to find out that “Koh Ahok”, when read from behind, is also “Koh Ahok”? 

A word/sentence/line that reads exactly the same word/sentence/line when read in reverse is called a Palindrome.

In reverse = Kebalikannya. 

The term was coined by playwright Ben Jonson in 17th century from Greek words ‘palin’ (again) and ‘dromos’ (way, direction). 

Coined = Menemukan. Khusus digunakan untuk ‘menemukan istilah/kata’. 

Playwright = Penulis drama panggung. 

 Let’s check out some of the coolest example of palindromes: 

“Taco cat”. 

“Race car”. 

“Mr. Owl ate my metal worm.” 

“Was it a car or a cat I saw?”

“Madam, I’m Adam.” 

 “A nut for a jar of tuna.” 

“On a clover, if alive erupts a vast pure evil, a fire volcano”. 

My favorite: “Dammit, I’m mad!” 

“A Toyota’s a Toyota.” 

Punctuations tend to be ignored when reading a palindrome. 

Palindromes also have a ‘twin brother’ called “Semordnilap”. What is it? 

First, you might notice that Palindromes read backward is Semordnilap :’D 

Semordnilap is a word that when read backward forms another new word … With completely different meaning. 

The word was coined by Martin Gardner in his notes to C.C. Bombaugh’s book Oddities and Curiosities of Words and Literature.

 Let’s check out some great example of Semordnilaps: 

My favourite: “Stressed” — “Desserts” 

“Repaid” — “Diaper” 

 “Rewarder” — “Redrawer” 

“Deliver” — “Reviled” 

I just realised this: “Lived” — “Devil” 

Do you have other cool examples of Palindromes/Semordnilap? :D 

@MIcannisa: @EnglishTips4U pals — slap #EngTrivia

@aldrrrin: @EnglishTips4U “keep” — “peek”

@yuniarchristy: @englishtips4u “Tab” — “Bat”

—-

Sources: Wikipedia

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 1 March 2015.

#EngTrivia: “Unmood”

Anyway, we notice that there is this ongoing trend of using the word “unmood” among teenagers. (ongoing = sedang berlangsung)

(Yes, I like to eavesdrop on my sister’s conversation with her friends. I call it ‘research’) (eavesdrop = menguping)

Let’s talk about “unmood” today. What does it mean? How do we use it properly?

The first thing to do is to check the dictionary. This is what I found:

IMG_6195

If it is not in the dictionary, then it is not a proper English word. Yes, “unmood” is one of the common mistakes that we make.

Let’s dig deeper. From how it is used, “unmood” seems to be a direct transliteration from “nggak mood”.

Example: “Gara-gara ujan, gue langsung unmood gitu.” // “‘Kan jadinya unmood kalo dianya ternyata diem aja.”

If we check the dictionary again, apparently there are 2 definition of the word ‘mood’. The first one:

IMG_6196

And the 2nd definition is:

IMG_6197

So the first definition is “temporary state of mind/feeling”. From here, we learn that ‘mood’ has a neutral meaning.

Which means you need to add an adjective (kata sifat) to describe it further. Example: Bad mood, good mood, party mood.

Other way to use it: ‘Not in the mood’, which is short for “I am not in the mood to study”, for example.

As for the 2nd definition: “Angry, irritable, sullen state of mind.” So, using ‘unmood’ to describe ‘a bad mood’ is incorrect.

Conclusion: Using ‘unmood’ to describe a bad mood or feeling not in the mood is wrong, because:

1. It has a neutral meaning.

2. Its other meaning actually means ‘an angry, irritable state of mind’.

Yes, it’s true that language develops, and many slang words end up being included in the dictionary.

A good example is “bootylicious”, which was invented by Beyonce when she was in Destiny’s Child:

IMG_6199

There is a possibility that ‘unmood’ might also make it to the dictionary. But until it happens, it is an improper use of word.

So, our suggestion is to avoid (hindari) using it for the time being :)

Why? Because if we want to learn a language, we better learn how to use it right.

That’s how we know we have succeeded in learning something.

@Death_SW: @EnglishTips4U how about lexical gap?

Good question!

Lexical gap is when there is a pattern that is not correct based in one language, but correct if used in one language.

In that case, it seems fine to use ‘unmood’ because the structure is proper if we use Indonesian language as parameter.

But we’d like to emphasize more on English grammar perspective :) Slang words are often full of grammatical mistakes, yes, and it’s OK to use them. But it’s also good to know how to use it properly. You’ll never know when you need it! :D

Besides, lexical gap is restrictive in a way that only fellow Indonesians would understand if you’re using ‘unmood’.

Source: Oxford Dictionary, nikodemusoul.wordpress.com

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 15 February 2015.

#EngTrivia: Some Facts about Drinking Tea Tradition in UK

Tonight admin wants to share some #EngTrivias about tea in England. Are you ready?

  1. British drink 165 million cups of tea daily. It’s 60.2 billion per year.
  2. 80% of employees say they learn more about what’s going on at work over a cup of tea than ib other way.
  3. Great Britain has an annual tea consumption of 2.5 kg per capita.
  4. Serving is the job of the host or hired help. Milk and sugar should always be offered by the server.
  5. Always wait to be served tea, never help yourself.
  6. Having afternoon tea is a popular British tradition. At some point between lunch and dinner.
  7.  Tea contains half the amount of caffeine found in coffee.
  8. 96% of all cups of tea drunk daily in the UK are brewed from tea bags.
  9. The one who introduced the afternoon party was Anna, the Duchess of Bedford.

That’s a wrap, fellas. Hope those #EngTrivias will brighten your night. Have a good rest!

Compiled by @iisumarni at @EnglishTips4U on May 9, 2013