Tag Archives: English

#EngKnowledge: English poems

Hi, fellas! Are you a fan of poems?

I love discussing and analysing poems together with my friends and also debating what the authors meant. Here we have compiled 6 poems which you might enjoy reading. You may share your thought about the poems and leave your comments on the comment box below.

1. Kid

Kid was nominated by UN as the best poem of 2006. It was written by an African child called Oglala Lakota.

When I born, I black
When I grow up, I black
When I go in Sun, I black
When I scared, I black
When I sick, I black
And when I die, I still black
And you white fellow
When you born, you pink
When you grow up, you white
When you go in sun, you red
When you cold, you blue
When you scared, you yellow
When you sick, you green
And when you die, you grey
And you calling me colored??

2. Oranges

This poem was written by Gary Soto. If you have a hard time wondering what these poems are talking about, this poem is not one of those. You need no background knowledge to understand this poem. This one is clear and cute.

The first time I walked
With a girl, I was twelve,
Cold, and weighted down
With two oranges in my jacket.
December. Frost cracking
Beneath my steps, my breath
Before me, then gone,
As I walked toward
Her house, the one whose
Porch light burned yellow
Night and day, in any weather.
A dog barked at me, until
She came out pulling
At her gloves, face bright
With rouge. I smiled,
Touched her shoulder, and led
Her down the street, across
A used car lot and a line
Of newly planted trees,
Until we were breathing
Before a drugstore. We
Entered, the tiny bell
Bringing a saleslady
Down a narrow aisle of goods.
I turned to the candies
Tiered like bleachers,
And asked what she wanted –
Light in her eyes, a smile
Starting at the corners
Of her mouth. I fingered
A nickle in my pocket,
And when she lifted a chocolate
That cost a dime,
I didn’t say anything.
I took the nickle from
My pocket, then an orange,
And set them quietly on
The counter. When I looked up,
The lady’s eyes met mine,
And held them, knowing
Very well what it was all
About.

Outside,
A few cars hissing past,
Fog hanging like old
Coats between the trees.
I took my girl’s hand
In mine for two blocks,
Then released it to let
Her unwrap the chocolate.
I peeled my orange
That was so bright against
The gray of December
That, from some distance,
Someone might have thought
I was making a fire in my hands.

3. I, Too, Sing America

This poem was written by Langston Hughes. This poem talks about hope for black Americans.

I, too, sing America.

I am the darker brother.
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes,
But I laugh,
And eat well,
And grow strong.

Tomorrow,
I’ll be at the table
When company comes.
Nobody’ll dare
Say to me,
“Eat in the kitchen,”
Then.

Besides,
They’ll see how beautiful I am
And be ashamed—

I, too, am America.

4. The Man He Killed

This poem was written by Thomas Hardy. This poem has a unique shape.

Had he and I but met
By some old ancient inn,
We should have sat us down to wet
Right many a nipperkin!

But ranged as infantry,
And staring face to face,
I shot at him as he at me,
And killed him in his place.

I shot him dead because —
Because he was my foe,
Just so: my foe of course he was;
That’s clear enough; although

He thought he’d ‘list, perhaps,
Off-hand like — just as I —
Was out of work — had sold his traps —
No other reason why.

Yes; quaint and curious war is!
You shoot a fellow down
You’d treat if met where any bar is,
Or help to half-a-crown.

5. I Stop Writing the Poem

This poem was written by Tess Gallagher.

to fold the clothes. No matter who lives
or who dies, I’m still a woman.
I’ll always have plenty to do.
I bring the arms of his shirt
together. Nothing can stop
our tenderness. I’ll get back
to the poem. I’ll get back to being
a woman. But for now
there’s a shirt, a giant shirt
in my hands, and somewhere a small girl
standing next to her mother
watching to see how it’s done.

6. The Send-Off

This poem was written by Wilfred Owen.

Down the close, darkening lanes they sang their way
To the siding-shed,
And lined the train with faces grimly gay.

Their breasts were stuck all white with wreath and spray
As men’s are, dead.

Dull porters watched them, and a casual tramp
Stood staring hard,
Sorry to miss them from the upland camp.
Then, unmoved, signals nodded, and a lamp
Winked to the guard.

So secretly, like wrongs hushed-up, they went.
They were not ours:
We never heard to which front these were sent.

Nor there if they yet mock what women meant
Who gave them flowers.

Shall they return to beatings of great bells
In wild trainloads?
A few, a few, too few for drums and yells,
May creep back, silent, to still village wells
Up half-known roads.

source: poetryfoundation.org

Compiled and written by @kusumawicitraa for @Englishtips4U on Friday, March 10, 2017

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngQuiz: ‘Live’ vs. ‘alive’

In this occasion, we’ll test how well you understand when to use the words ‘live’ and ‘alive.’ We’ve actually talked about this in a previous article. If you missed the discussion, feel free to head over to #EngVocab: ‘Live’ vs. ‘alive’.

Without further ado, let’s start, shall we?

Read the questions carefully. Click the word of your choice.

1. Where do you [live/alive]?
live
Correct! Here, ‘live’ is a verb which means to reside.
alive
2. I [live/alive] in Jakarta.
live
Correct! Here, ‘live’ is a verb which means to reside.
alive
3. This music makes me feel [live/alive].
live
alive
Correct! Here, ‘alive’ is an adjective which means active, not dead.
4. I’ve always wanted to [live/alive] in Bali.
live
Correct! Here, ‘live’ is a verb which means to reside.
alive
5. Some people feel most [live/alive] when they are busy with work.
live
alive
Correct! Here, ‘alive’ is an adjective which means active, not dead.
6. I wish Michael Jackson was still [live/alive].
live
alive
Correct! Here, ‘alive’ is an adjective which means active, not dead.
7. Some people [live/alive] every day like there is no tomorrow.
live
Correct! Here, ‘live’ is a verb which means to conduct a life.
alive
8. We went to watch the match [live/alive] at the stadium.
live
Correct! Here, ‘live’ is an adjective which means actual, present.
alive
9. These are [live/alive] animals.
live
Correct! Here, ‘live’ is an adjective which means living.
alive
10. A man was hit by a car this morning. Is he [live/alive]?
live
alive
Correct! Here, ‘alive’ is an adjective which means active, not dead.

There goes all 10 questions for today. How did you do? How many correct answers did you score?

 

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @Englishtips4U on Thursday, March 9, 2017

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngTips: IELTS vs. TOEFL (2)

If we are not an English native speaker but we are planning to study or work abroad, in some stage of the application, we will need to also attach our IELTS or TOEFL score to our application. Both tests aim to assess our English proficiency and make sure that we are able to communicate well in English.

What are IELTS and TOEFL?

International English Language Test System (IELTS) is an English language test that is used for educational, immigration and occupational purposes, and is accepted by over 9,000 institutions across 130 countries worldwide. Jointly administered by the British Council, University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations and IDP Education Australia, IELTS uses British English, and is more likely to be favoured by UK and institutions in Commonwealth nations such as New Zealand and Australia. Depending on the entry requirements of the program, we might need to take either the Academic or General Training IELTS exam.

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) tests our ability to communicate in English in specifically academic, university and classroom-based settings. It is accepted by over 8,500 institutions across 130 countries, including the UK, USA and Australia, as well as all of the world’s top 100 universities. TOEFL is administered by US-based organization, the Education Testing Service, and so is conducted in American English. This test is more likely to be favoured by American institutions.

Similarities between IELTS and TOEFL

Both test our four main language skills: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. IELTSn Indonesia is similar to other countries, and so is TOEFL, that is why the scoring system is consistent all over the world.

Both tests also cost within the same price range, USD 150 – USD 250 per test per person.

Differences between IELTS and TOEFL

1. Scoring system

IELTS band score ranges from 1 to 9. The score report is valid for two years. We will generally aim to 6.5 to 7 to be considered as a ‘competent’ to ‘good’ user of English language.

TOEFL scores come in two versions. TOEFL Internet Based Test (TOEFL iBT) is more progressive, but test administration in some countries still uses the Paper Based Test (PBT). iBT score ranges from 0 to 120, while PBT ranges from 310 to 677.

The following spreadsheet shows the link between IELTS and TOEFL iBT score.

IELTS & TOEFL scoring system

2. Reading module

The IELTS test has a wide range of question types, while TOEFL test is multiple choices only. IELTS reading test lasts 60 minutes. Reading in TOEFL takes approximately 60 to 80 minutes.

3. Listening module

The IELTS listening test is 30 minutes, while TOEFL is 60 minutes. IELTS has a range of different questions including sentence completion, matching headings, and True, False or Not Given. The TOEFL test is multiple choices only.

We will also hear a range of different accents from English speaking countries such as Ireland, Wales, Scotland, the USA, Canada and Australia on the IELTS test whereas the TOEFL test will always be standard American English.

4. Speaking module

IELTS speaking test consists of 3 sections and its total duration is 15 minutes. In the test, we will have a face-to-face conversation with native English speaker.

In TOEFL speaking test, based on more recently used iBT, we will be talking to the computer. For those who don’t really have time to conduct IELTS, because it’s usually conducted during office hours, taking TOEFL iBT might be more suitable. The test will last for 20 minutes.

5. Writing module

IELTS has two different types of writing test: writing for Academic Training and General Training. Academic is suitable for those hoping to attend university, while General Training is mostly used for immigration purposes.

Both types have total duration 1 hour. In the Academic paper, we will be required to write a short essay based on a given graph, chart, map or cycle diagram. In the General Training paper, we will be asked to write a letter and a short essay on a particular topic.

TOEFL writing test consists of two tasks. The total duration is 50 minutes. In the first task, we need to read a text and then listen to a 2-minute lecture on the same topic. We must then write a short response to a specific question on that topic. The second task is a longer discursive essay on a particular issue, similar to a university style academic essay.

Which test to take?

Normally, the institutions we are applying to would specify which test to take. If they can accept either, the following table can be your consideration.

IELTS TOEFL
I like talking to people one-on-one. I prefer talking to a computer.
I like to write by hand. I am better at typing than handwriting.
I can understand a variety of English-speaking accents. I find American accents easy to listen to.
I find it difficult to concentrate for long periods of time. I can concentrate for long periods of time.
I prefer shorter tests. I can easily follow a lecture and take notes.
I prefer different types of questions. I like multiple choice questions.

Source:
Wikipedia
www.hotcoursesabroad.com
www.ieltsadvantage.com
 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, March 6, 2017

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngVocab: ‘Live’ vs. ‘alive’

Someone asked us on LINE about the difference between ‘live’ and ‘alive’ on LINE. So, instead of keeping the answer between the two of us, I’ll talk about it in this article and share with all of you. Let’s start, shall we?

Meaning of ‘live’ and ‘alive’

First off, let’s talk about the meaning of ‘live’ and ‘alive.’ In a glance, both have something to do with life.

  • ‘Life’ (noun), dibaca laif, is the period between birth and death, during which something is active and functioning.
  • ‘Life’ (noun), dibaca laif, also refers to the living person or being.

‘Live’ is both a verb and an adjective.

As a verb, ‘live,’ yang dibaca liv, means to exist, to be alive, to reside, to conduct a life. Example:

  • “I live in Jakarta.”
  • “They lived happily ever after.”

As an adjective, ‘live,’ yang dibaca laiv, means living, actual, present. Example:

  • ‘live show,’
  • ‘live animal,’
  • ‘live broadcast.’

‘Alive’, dibaca əlaiv, is an adjective.

‘Alive’ describes the condition of living, active, and not dead. Example:

  • “The happiest woman alive.”
  • “Grandpa is still alive.”

Now we’ve talked about the meaning of ‘live’ and ‘alive.’ Let’s look at more examples:

RIGHT

WRONG

Live show

Alive show

Live bait

Alive bait

I am alive.

I am live.

Keep your hope alive.

Keep your hope live.

Look at the examples again. Did you notice the difference? Clue: position. Did you notice how ‘live’ is placed directly before a noun and ‘alive’ is placed after a verb?

Live‘ is an attributive adjective. Attributive adjectives are positioned before the noun they describe.

Alive‘ is a predicative adjective. Predicative adjectives are positioned after verbs such as be, become, grow, look or seem.

And there you have it! That’s the end of today’s talk on how to differentiate when to use ‘live’ and ‘alive.’ If you have other questions regarding this topic, or any other topic at all, feel free to hit us up on Twitter or drop a comment in the comment box below.

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @Englishtips4U on Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Related post(s):

^MQ

#WOTD: Whilst

‘Whilst’ is a conjunction (kata sambung), a word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause.

As a conjunction, ‘whilst’ means the same as ‘while‘. Both mean ‘during the time that something else happens.’

Example:

  • She reads a novel whilst waiting for her boyfriend.
  • She reads a novel while waiting for her boyfriend.

‘Whilst’ and ‘while’ indicate that two events are happening at the same time.

On going events:

  • reading a novel
  • waiting for boyfriend

Not just that, both ‘whilst’ and ‘while’ can also mean ‘in contrast with something else.’

Example:

  • Her top is white, whilst her pants are black.
  • Her top is white, while her pants are black.

Here’s another example of using ‘whilst’ in showing contrast.

Example:

  • Whilst ‘of’ refers to possession, ‘from’ refers to origins.

 

So, you may now ask:

When should we use ‘whilst’? Or should we use ‘while’ instead?

Actually, the real question is not ‘when’ to use them; but ‘where‘ you should use ‘whilst.’

For Americans, the word ‘whilst’ tends to have an archaic ring. ‘Whilst’ is rarely used in American English. The use of ‘whilst’ gives the impression that the writer is British. ‘Whilst’ is fairly common in British publications.

So that sums up our discussion on the word ‘whilst.’ I hope the explanation was clear enough and not too boring. However, if you still have any question on how to use ‘whilst’ (or any other topic), feel free to hit us up.

 

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, February 24, 2017

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

#EngProverb: Rain

Hello hey ho, fellas! It has been raining a lot lately and there’s this one song my nephew sings every time it rains. 

Do you know this song? The song goes like this:

 

Speaking of rain, I’ll share proverbs about rain from various countries. Check them out.

  1. English proverb – “If it rains before seven, ’twill cease before eleven.”
  2. Thai proverb – “Rainbow after the rain.”
  3. Chinese proverb – “When it rains about the break of day, the traveller’s sorrows pass away.”
  4. Welsh proverb – “A flood in the river means fine weather.” 
  5. Spanish proverb – “A river flood, fishes good.”
  6. Greek proverb – “If there is much rain in winter, the spring is generally dry.”
  7. Latin proverb – “After clouds a clear sun.”
  8. German proverb – “Rain in September is good for the farmer, but poison to the vine growers.”
  9. English proverb – “A foul morn may turn to a fine day.”
  10. Cornish proverb – “More rain, more rest.”

There goes all 10 proverbs on rain. Feel free to mention us if you know other proverbs on rain from your country.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

#IOTW: Idioms related to education and school

  1. Easy as ABC. Meaning: very easy.
    • Example:
      • “Learning mathematics is easy as ABC.”
  1. Bookworm. Meaning: someone who reads a lot
    • Example:
      • “No wonder she is genius. She is a bookworm.”
  1. Brainstorm. Meaning: try to develop idea or think of a new idea.
    • Example:
      • “In this group discussion, we need to brainstorm for our environment campaign.”
  1. Call the roll. Meaning: call students’ names on a roll and expect them to answer if they are there.
    • Example:
      • “Every morning when the class starts, the teacher calls the roll.”
  1. Cap and gown. Meaning: a special cap called a mortarboard and a special robe which is worn in academic ceremony.
    • Example:
      • “The students wore cap and gown on their graduation day.”
  1. Count noses. Meaning: to count the number of people.
    • Example:
      • “The teacher stopped to count the nose several times during the field trip.”
  1. Cover a lot of ground. Meaning: to complete a lot of material in a class or course.
    • Example:
      • “I covered a lot of ground in Physics class last semester.”
  1. Cow college. Meaning: a school where farming or agriculture is studied.
    • Example:
      • “He graduated from cow college in America.”
  1. Crack a book. Meaning: to open a book to study (usually used in the negative)
    • Example:
      • “It shocked me when I got my test result. It was good although I didn’t crack a book that much.”
  1. Crank out a paper. Meaning: to write a paper or essay in mechanical way.
    • Example:
      • “I have to crank out a paper to pass this subject.”

 

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Related post(s):

^MD

#EngClass: Modal verb – Can

We’ve talked about “may” and “must” in previous posts. If you happen to miss them, check these out:

“Can” is commonly used to express:

  • Ability
  • Possibility
  • Permission

“Can” is only used in the present tense. In the past tense, we use “could”. We will talk about “could” in another instance.

 

When to use “can”?

We use the modal “can” to make statements about:

slide9

  1. In statements about ability.
    • Example:
      • I can sing.
  2. In statements about possibility.
    • Example:
      • It can get very crowded on holidays.
  3. In statements about offer.
    • Example:
      • Can I help you?
  4. In statements about permission.
    • Example:
      • Can I ask you a question?
  5. In statements about instruction and request.
    • Example:
      • Can you listen to me please?
  6. In statements about prohibition.
    • Example:
      • You can’t smoke in the building.
  7. In statements about impossibility.
    • Example:
      • It can’t be true. I just met her yesterday.

 

How to use “can”?

slide11

Next, we’ll talk about how to use “can” in a sentence.

  • Like every other modal verb, “can” is followed by a bare infinitive verb.
  • To form a negative sentence, “not” is slipped in between “can” and the bare infinitive verb. The negative sentence expresses prohibition and impossibility.

 

  1. “Can” in statements about ability.
    • Example:
      • (+) I can sing.
      • (-) I can’t sing.
      • (?) Can you sing?
  2. “Can” in statements about possibility.
    • Example:
      • (+) It can get very crowded on holidays.
      • (-) It can’t get crowded even on holidays.
      • (?) Can it get crowded on holidays?
  3. “Can” in statements about offer.
    • Example:
      • (+) I can help you.
      • (-) I can’t help you.
      • (?) Can I help you?
  4. “Can” in statements about permission.
    • Example:
      • (+) You can ask me anything.
      • (-) You can’t ask me.
      • (?) Can I ask you a question?
  5. “Can” in statements about instruction and request.
    • Example:
      • (+) Can you stay still!
      • (?) Can you listen to me please?
  6. “Can” in statements about prohibition.
    • Example:
      • (-) You can’t smoke in the building.
      • (-) We can’t park at the entrance.
  7. “Can” in statements about impossibility.
    • Example:
      • (-) It can’t be true. I just met her yesterday.

 

Prohibition

Prohibition is a negative permission. It is stated with a negative statement. To state a prohibition, we use “can’t” or “cannot”.

Subject + can + not + verb

Example:

  • You cannot meet her.
    • Meaning: You are not allowed to meet her.

Stating impossibility

To state the impossible, we use a negative statement.  When stating the impossible, we add “not” after “can”.

Subject + can + not + verb

Example:

  • You can’t be serious. I don’t believe you.
    • Meaning: What you’re saying is impossible.

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, February 1, 2017


RELATED POST(S):

 

^MQ

 

#EngTrivia: ‘Staring’ vs. ‘gazing’

Have you ever heard or read lines like these ones below?

 Why are you staring at me?

I’m not staring. I’m gazing.

I heard those lines when I watched The Vampire Diaries. What immediately came to my mind was, “Gazing? What is that?” because all I saw was Elena was staring, but she said ‘gazing.’ So, in this article, we will have a discussion about the two words. What is the difference between ‘staring’ and ‘gazing?’

If you checked the dictionary, ‘stare‘ is defined as to look fixedly or vacantly, while ‘gaze‘ is defined as to look steadily and intently, at something or someone for a long time. They are similar. The difference is we use ‘stare to indicate senses and feelings, such as curiosity, anger, boldness, admiration, bored, stupidity, etc; while ‘gaze to indicate sense of pleasure, like awe, admiration, fascination, and love.

Here are some examples to point them out:

  1. She gazes/stares admiringly at Warren.
  2. She stares at me blankly. (You can’t use ‘gaze’ in this sentence.)
  3. I stare at him with anger. (You also can’t use ‘gaze’ in this sentence)
  4. Yudith gazes/stares at the beautiful view of the sea.
  5. He stares/gazes at his sleeping child

From the example we can say that ‘gaze’ is used to show positive feelings, while ‘stare’ is used to show both positive and negative feelings (neutral).

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Tuesday, January 31, 2017

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngVocab: Obsolete words – a trip to the past

As language advances, lots and lots of words are invented. Unfortunately, some words went obsolete because of this. But today we will take a look to some of the obsolete words.

  1. Fudgel. Meaning: pretending to do work while actually do nothing.
    • Example:
      • I got fired because my boss caught me fudgeling.
  2. Brabble. Meaning: to argue loudly about something unimportant.
    • Example:
      • I’m not going to brabble with you. Let’s just go home for now.
  3. Snoutfair. Meaning: it is what you say to a good looking person.
    • Example:
      • Despite of his age, Keanu Reeves is still a snoutfair.
  4. Slugabed. Meaning: a lazy person that stays in bed for too long.
    • Example:
      • Wake up, slugabed! It’s already 11 am!
  5. Hoddypeak. Meaning: ‘fool’ or ‘simpleton.’
    • Example:
      • He’s not very bright; he’s a hoddypeak with a very kind heart.
  6. Jollux. Meaning: a sophisticated way of saying ‘fat.’
    • Example:
      • A: “Honey, do I look fat?”
      • B: “Baby, you’re just a little bit jollux.”
  7. Kench. Meaning: to laugh loudly (LOL).
    • Example:
      • I’m trying so hard not to kench in class while reading your text yesterday!
  8. Gorgonize: Meaning: to have paralyzing or mesmerizing effect on someone.
    • Example:
      • Zooey Deschanel’s eyes gorgonize me. I’m petrified just by looking at her eyes.
  9. Groak. Meaning: to silently watch someone while they are eating, hoping to be invited.
    • Example:
      • Don’t groak! I’ll buy you a doughnut if you stop staring at me like that.
  10. Crapulous. Meaning: to feel ill after eating or drinking (way) too much.
    • Example:
      • I always feel crapulous on holidays, mostly because my mom’s homemade food is too good.

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, 8 January 2016

Related post(s):

 

^MD

#EngQuote: Courage against terrorism

We are going to show the world that we are not afraid!

  1. “Fighting terrorism is like being a goalkeeper. You can make a hundred brilliant saves but the only shot that people remember is the one that gets past you.” – Paul Wilkinson.
  2. “Everybody’s worried about stopping terrorism. Well, there’s a really easy way: stop participating in it.” – Noah Chomsky.
  3. “If we destroy human rights and rule of law in the response to terrorism, they have won.” – Joichi Ito.
  4. “How do you defeat terrorism? Don’t be terrorized. Don’t let fear rule your life, even if you are scared.” – Salman Rushdie.
  5. “What separates us from the animals, what separates us from the chaos, is our ability to mourn people we’ve never met.” – David Levithan.
  6. “The war against terrorism is terrorism.” – Woody Harrelson.
  7. “Terrorism has no nationality or religion.” – Vladimir Putin.
  8. “In a sense, terrorism blossomed in the advent of television. Television promotes terrorism in religion and in politics.” – Marilyn Manson.
  9. “Our values and way of life will prevail – terrorism will not.” – John Linder.

 

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, 22 January 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MD

#EngKnowledge: Seven honorary knights of British empire

This article will talk about the seven honorary knights of British empire. Sir Ian McKellen, Sir Patrick Stewart, Sir Alex Ferguson are all British so you won’t find their names in this list. Let’s just get to the list now, shall we?

  1. Bill and Melinda Gates. Yes, because of Microsoft and their notable charity work. Bill was knighted as Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of British Empire in 2005.

    bill_melinda_gates
    (Source: CNN Turk)
  2. John Edgar Hoover. The first FBI director. Hoover was knighted as Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of British Empire in 1950.

    john-edgar-hoover
    (Source: memoriambook.com)
  3. Angelina Jolie. Not because of her acting, but because she was involved in preventing sexual violence. Jolie received the title Dame Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George in 2014.
    angelina-jolie
    (Source: celebsbios.com)

     

  4. Bono from U2. His concern to end hunger in Africa made him anointed as a knight in British Order. Bono was knighted as Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of British Empire in 2007.

    bono
    (Source: Annie Liebovitz)
  5. Steven Spielberg, because he was able to double the cinema admission in UK since 1980s. Spielberg earned the title Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of British Empire in 2001.
    steven-spielberg-04.jpg
    Best Director nominee Steven Spielberg arrives on the red carpet for the 85th Annual Academy Awards on February 24, 2013 in Hollywood, California. AFP PHOTO/FREDERIC J. BROWN (Photo credit should read FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images) (source:emaze.com)

     

  6. Mother Teresa, because of her charitable and missionary works in India. Mother Teresa was granted a membership of Order of Merits in 1983, an exclusive order that has limited members.

    mother-teresa
    (Source: anguerde.com)
  7. Benito Mussolini attained the title years prior to World War II. Of course, it was annulled several years later. Mussolini was knighted as Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of The Bath in 1923 and annulled in 1940.

    benito-mussolini
    (Source: adsa.ro)
  8. Here’s a bonus! The late President Soeharto was also given honorary knighthood in 1974. He earned the title Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.

    suharto2
    (Source: brainly.co.id)

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, February 5, 2016

Related post(s):

^MD

#EngVocab: Other ways to say ‘Love’

Valentine’s Day is coming! It is very closely related to love. Unfortunately, sometimes, the word love is banal, overused, and mainstream.

Well, today is special session for those of you who want to profess your love in a different way: I will give you some other ways to say “Love”! Before I start, I want you to know some things about the words I will share to you.

  1. This word is probably the most similar to love because it means “love or respect someone deeply.”
  2. It means “a gentle feeling of fondness or liking.”
  3. An intense but temporary and short-lived feeling for someone.
  4. A love, loyalty, or enthusiasm for something or someone.
  5. Respect and warm approval to someone or something.
  6. This one is for you, poets. It means the state of being under a spell. A love spell, for this occasion.

So instead of using the very overused “I love you,” you could switch to:

  • “I adore you,”
  • “I feel affection for you,”
  • “I’m devoted to you,”
  • “I’m infatuated by you,”
  • “I admire you or,”
  • “I’m enchanted by you.”

Of course, there are so many ways to say I love you to someone. But words mean nothing without actions.

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, February 12, 2016

Related post(s):

^MD

#WOTD: Woebegone

Although my day went great, my friend’s wasn’t so much since he looked woebegone. I asked, of course, as a good friend. He said he was fine, but that sad look hinted that he wasn’t telling the truth.

From the illustration above, you should have guessed which word we will discuss in this session.

Woebegone is an adjective. It means strongly affected by woe or exhibiting a great sorrow. It could also mean being in a sorry state.

Woebegone originated in the 13th century, derived from a phrase “me is wo begon woe has beset me.” There are some synonyms of ‘woebegone,’ namely:

  • suffering,
  • troubled,
  • forlorn, and
  • gloomy.

Let’s see how we use it in sentences, shall we?

  • “He looked woebegone (sad looking) after his date left him for another man.”
  • “Wow, you look woebegone (being in a sorry state)! Get some shower or I’ll have you kicked out of your room!” I said.

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, 19 February 2016

Related post(s):

^MD

#IOTW: Idioms in Taylor Swift’s songs (2)

Idioms are important and very useful to give variation in conversation. They help you sound like native speakers and are useful to enrich your vocabulary.

So, what is an idiom? Idiom or idiomatic expression is a group of words in a fixed order that have a particular meaning that is different from their literal meanings. So, it won’t make sense if you change the words because they are fixed expressions. For example if you say ‘the math test was a piece of macaroon’ instead of ‘the math test was a piece of cake,’ you’ll just confuse the hearer.

In this instance, we are going to talk about idioms found in Taylor Swift’s songs. We have previously shared some here: #IOTW: Idioms in Taylor Swift’s songs.

Here are some more idioms from Taylor Swift’s songs:

1. In your wildest dream. If you say something will happen ‘in your wildest dreams’, it means: it isn’t likely to happen or you think it is impossible to happen.

“Staring at the sunset, babe. Red lips and rosy cheeks. Say you’ll see me again. Even if it’s just in your wildest dream.”

– Wildest Dreams

Example:

  • I want Taylor Swift to come to my graduation day and sing for me, but I think it probably won’t happen, even in my wildest dreams.

2. Last straw. Meaning: the final thing; the thing or action that is too much and goes too far

“You don’t have to call anymore, I won’t pick up the phone, This is the last straw, Don’t wanna hurt anymore.”

– You’re Not Sorry

Example:

  • My boyfriend told me he would be late for dinner, but the last straw was seeing with a girl. I told him our relationship was over.

3. Sweep (someone) off (someone’s) feet. This expression describes a feeling when you fall in love instantly with someone.

“I’m not a princess, This ain’t a fairy tale, I’m not the one you’ll sweep off her feet, Lead her up the stairwell”

– White Horse

Example:

  • She hopes a gorgeous man will sweep her off her feet on Valentine’s Day.

4. To know something like the back of your hand. This expression is used when talking about things/places/persons you know really well.

“And we know it’s never simple. Never easy. Never a clean break. No one here to save me. You’re the only thing I know like the back of my hand”

– Breathe

Example:

  • Don knows Sherlock Holmes TV series like the back of his hand. He has watched them many times.

5.Touch and go. It means precarious or uncertain; with a risk of not succeeding.

“I’m walking past through the traffic lights. Busy streets and busy lives. And all we know. Is touch and go.”

– State Of Grace

Example:

  • It’s touch and go if I will ever go out.It’s still raining cats and dogs.

6. To take someone/ something for granted. It means to expect someone or something will be always available to serve you without thanks or recognition.

“You’re the kind of man who makes me sad, While she waits up,You chase down the newest thing, And take for granted what you have”

– Girl At Home

Example:

  • He left you because you took him for granted all this time.

7. To wear your heart on your sleeve. It means that you show your feelings obviously.

“Got the radio on, my old blue jeans. And I’m wearing my heart on my sleeve. Feeling lucky today, got the sunshine. Could you tell me what more do I need.”

– A Place In This World

Example:

  • I wear my heart on my sleeve. I can’t hide my feelings when I’m feeling down.

8. An open book. If someone is an open book, s/he is fairly predictable. You know what s/he is thinking or feeling.

“But here I am an open book. Turn the page it’s all the rage. Get a look on the inside. Oh what you get is what you see.”

– The Diary Of Me

Example:

  • Harry is an open book. You’ll know right away if he’s sad.

9. Safe and sound. If you are safe and sound, it means you are unharmed and healthy.

“You’ll be alright. No one can hurt you now. Come morning light. You and I’ll be safe and sound.”

– Safe And Sound

Example:

  • It was a rough trip, but we arrived safe and sound.

There are more idioms in Taylor Swift’s songs. Leave us a comment below if you find more idioms in her songs.

 

Compiled and written by @kusumawicitraa for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, January 27, 2017

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

#EngClass: Modal verb – Must

To continue our discussion on modal verb, this time, we’ll talk about “must”. “Must” is commonly used to express:

  • personal obligation,
  • necessity,
  • strong recommendation,
  • certainty.

Instead of “must”, native speakers from America usually prefer the more flexible form “have to”.

 

When to use “must”?

People generally use “must” to express personal obligation, something that the speaker thinks is necessary. Other than that, “must” is also used for the following purposes:

slide7

  1. To express obligation or duty.
    • Example:
      • You must wear a seat belt at all times.
  2. To emphasize the necessity of something.
    • Example:
      • You must give up smoking. It’s bad for you.
  3. To say that you’re sure that something is true.
    • Example:
      • It must be cold outside. It’s raining hard.
  4. To express positive logical assumptions.
    • Example:
      • She must have been at home. Her lights were on.
  5. To make a strong recommendation.
    • Example:
      • The ice cream here is delicious. You must try some.

 

How to use “must”?

slide8

  • Like every other modal verbs, “must” is followed by a main verb.
  • And to form a negative sentence, “not” is placed after the word “must”, before the main verb. It expresses prohibition.
  • “Must” is generally not used in interrogative sentences. For questions, it is more common to use “have to”.

 

  1. “Must” in expressing obligation or duty.
    • Example:
      • You must wear a seat belt at all times.
      • She must cook dinner every evening.
  2. “Must” in emphasizing the necessity of something.
    • Example:
      • You must give up smoking. It’s bad for you.
      • You must study the last two chapters before the test.
  3. “Must” in saying that you’re sure that something is true.
    • Example:
      • It must be cold outside. It’s raining hard.
      • She must be home. The lights are on.
  4. “Must” in expressing positive logical assumptions.
    • Example:
      • She must have been at home. Her lights were on.
      • There’s a missed call on my phone. He must have called last night.
  5. “Must” in making a strong recommendation.
    • Example:
      • The ice cream here is delicious. You must try some.
      • We really must get together for dinner sometime.

 

Present certainty and deduction

“Must” can also be used when you’re certain that something is true, based on evidence. In order to express present certainty, “must” is followed by “be” and a noun or an adjective.

S + must be + noun/adjective/v-ing/prepositional phrase.

Example:

  • She must be a teacher. She’s so wise. (noun: a teacher)
  • She must be cold. She’s shivering. (adjective: cold)
  • She must be singing. I can hear her voice. (present participle: singing)
  • She must be at her friend’s. Nobody is answering the door. (prepositional phrase: at her friend’s)

 

Logical assumptions and past certainty

“Must” is also used in expressing logical assumptions. To express logical assumptions, “must” is followed by “have” and “past participle”.

S + must have + V3

Example:

  • This must have been the book she was talking about. There is no other book with a red cover.
  • She must have won the lottery. She suddenly got a brand new car.

 

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, January 25, 2017


RELATED POST(S):

 

^MQ

 

#EngTalk: Your learning method

Today I want to open a small talk session about learning English. I used to hate English. Why? Because it’s complicated. It has too many grammars, difficult pronounce, and it stressed me out. But then I saw my friends who were expert in English. They looked really cool because they can communicate with foreigners. I want to be like them who are able to be friends with people from another country.

Since that day, I realized that I should not be enslaved by my negative thoughts towards English. If I want to be excellent like them, I should change the way I think about English. I should start to love it in order to enjoy learning English. And in my case, I also modified the way I studied.

You might have read our article in Kumparan about improving English vocabulary and reading skill (https://kumparan.com/english-tips-for-you/tips-menambah-vocabulary-dan-kemampuan-membaca-dalam-bahasa-inggris). I have a similar method to improve my English skill. Do you have your own method? How do you learn English?

I love reading and I started to read English books more often. It was hard for me at first because there were a lot of words which I have never seen before. It was troublesome because whenever I caught unfamiliar words, I would open my dictionary.

“I started reading news articles…” – @patibenitez7

“I use game on my phone to improve my English skill.” – @Ursula_Meta

“Exactly, I learn english by reading fanfiction, watching movies, dramas, interviews, variety shows, ryan higa’s vids.” – @iyegati

People always say that the beginning is always the hardest. The more I read, the more vocabularies I picked up and I started to open the dictionary less frequently. I also started to write my daily journal in English. It successfully ‘forced’ me to memorize the meaning of vocabularies and how to use them in sentences.

Lastly, I also varied my reading genre. I started to read news articles to get to know more scientific vocabularies. You can also read any genre according to you interest. Language is a habit. You also can’t understand it while you are under pressure . To improve, you have to study and implement what you picked up in your daily life activities.

 

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Related post(s):

^MD

#IOTW: Idioms to express tiredness

Here are some idioms to express tiredness. Shall I start now or just get some sleep a little more? LOL, just kidding. Check these out, fellas!

1. Dead tired. Meaning: Totally exhausted or fatigued.

Example:

  • I was dead tired after running my first 5000 marathon.

2. Dead on one’s feet. Meaning: to be extremely tired.

Example:

  • My sister was doing her room all day and was dead on her feet.

3. Dog-tired. Meaning: to be extremely tired.

Example:

  • He usually got home around midnight, dog-tired after a long day at work.

4. Ready to drop. Meaning: to be so tired and nearly too exhausted to stay standing.

Example:

  • I’ve been shopping all day with Mom. I’m ready to drop!

5. Out like a light. Meaning: to be so tired that you fall asleep very quickly.

Example:

  • As soon as his head touched the pillow, he was out like a light.

Trivia:
@fikaa328: In Korean language, you can say gae phigon, which means dog-tired too.

 

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, November 12, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ