Tag Archives: EngKnowledge

#EngKnowledge: English poems

Hi, fellas! Are you a fan of poems?

I love discussing and analysing poems together with my friends and also debating what the authors meant. Here we have compiled 6 poems which you might enjoy reading. You may share your thought about the poems and leave your comments on the comment box below.

1. Kid

Kid was nominated by UN as the best poem of 2006. It was written by an African child called Oglala Lakota.

When I born, I black
When I grow up, I black
When I go in Sun, I black
When I scared, I black
When I sick, I black
And when I die, I still black
And you white fellow
When you born, you pink
When you grow up, you white
When you go in sun, you red
When you cold, you blue
When you scared, you yellow
When you sick, you green
And when you die, you grey
And you calling me colored??

2. Oranges

This poem was written by Gary Soto. If you have a hard time wondering what these poems are talking about, this poem is not one of those. You need no background knowledge to understand this poem. This one is clear and cute.

The first time I walked
With a girl, I was twelve,
Cold, and weighted down
With two oranges in my jacket.
December. Frost cracking
Beneath my steps, my breath
Before me, then gone,
As I walked toward
Her house, the one whose
Porch light burned yellow
Night and day, in any weather.
A dog barked at me, until
She came out pulling
At her gloves, face bright
With rouge. I smiled,
Touched her shoulder, and led
Her down the street, across
A used car lot and a line
Of newly planted trees,
Until we were breathing
Before a drugstore. We
Entered, the tiny bell
Bringing a saleslady
Down a narrow aisle of goods.
I turned to the candies
Tiered like bleachers,
And asked what she wanted –
Light in her eyes, a smile
Starting at the corners
Of her mouth. I fingered
A nickle in my pocket,
And when she lifted a chocolate
That cost a dime,
I didn’t say anything.
I took the nickle from
My pocket, then an orange,
And set them quietly on
The counter. When I looked up,
The lady’s eyes met mine,
And held them, knowing
Very well what it was all
About.

Outside,
A few cars hissing past,
Fog hanging like old
Coats between the trees.
I took my girl’s hand
In mine for two blocks,
Then released it to let
Her unwrap the chocolate.
I peeled my orange
That was so bright against
The gray of December
That, from some distance,
Someone might have thought
I was making a fire in my hands.

3. I, Too, Sing America

This poem was written by Langston Hughes. This poem talks about hope for black Americans.

I, too, sing America.

I am the darker brother.
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes,
But I laugh,
And eat well,
And grow strong.

Tomorrow,
I’ll be at the table
When company comes.
Nobody’ll dare
Say to me,
“Eat in the kitchen,”
Then.

Besides,
They’ll see how beautiful I am
And be ashamed—

I, too, am America.

4. The Man He Killed

This poem was written by Thomas Hardy. This poem has a unique shape.

Had he and I but met
By some old ancient inn,
We should have sat us down to wet
Right many a nipperkin!

But ranged as infantry,
And staring face to face,
I shot at him as he at me,
And killed him in his place.

I shot him dead because —
Because he was my foe,
Just so: my foe of course he was;
That’s clear enough; although

He thought he’d ‘list, perhaps,
Off-hand like — just as I —
Was out of work — had sold his traps —
No other reason why.

Yes; quaint and curious war is!
You shoot a fellow down
You’d treat if met where any bar is,
Or help to half-a-crown.

5. I Stop Writing the Poem

This poem was written by Tess Gallagher.

to fold the clothes. No matter who lives
or who dies, I’m still a woman.
I’ll always have plenty to do.
I bring the arms of his shirt
together. Nothing can stop
our tenderness. I’ll get back
to the poem. I’ll get back to being
a woman. But for now
there’s a shirt, a giant shirt
in my hands, and somewhere a small girl
standing next to her mother
watching to see how it’s done.

6. The Send-Off

This poem was written by Wilfred Owen.

Down the close, darkening lanes they sang their way
To the siding-shed,
And lined the train with faces grimly gay.

Their breasts were stuck all white with wreath and spray
As men’s are, dead.

Dull porters watched them, and a casual tramp
Stood staring hard,
Sorry to miss them from the upland camp.
Then, unmoved, signals nodded, and a lamp
Winked to the guard.

So secretly, like wrongs hushed-up, they went.
They were not ours:
We never heard to which front these were sent.

Nor there if they yet mock what women meant
Who gave them flowers.

Shall they return to beatings of great bells
In wild trainloads?
A few, a few, too few for drums and yells,
May creep back, silent, to still village wells
Up half-known roads.

source: poetryfoundation.org

Compiled and written by @kusumawicitraa for @Englishtips4U on Friday, March 10, 2017

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#EngKnowledge: New Year’s Resolutions

Good evening, fellas! We’re on the verge of a new year. One thing that people usually do before the New Year is… making resolutions!

Do you make resolutions, fellas? (by the time the session ended, from 107 votes, only 37% said they made NY’s resolutions).

To welcome 2016, tonight we’ll talk about New Year’s resolutions. Please share your resolutions, I’ll RT later.

A CBS News poll in 2013 found that 68 percent of Americans don’t make New Year’s resolutions. People under the age of 30 were more likely than older folks to make resolutions, but only about half of resolution-makers keep their promises.

If you think New Year’s resolutions are just some traditions made by people in 20th century, you are wrong. It is believed that the Babylonians were the first to make New Year’s resolutions around 4,000 years ago. New Year didn’t start on Jan 1st at that time but in mid-March. March was a logical time period for the New Year because spring begins and crops are planted. The ancient Babylonians made promises to their gods that they would return borrowed objects and pay their debts.

The practice carried over into Roman times with worshippers offering resolutions of good conduct to the Janus.

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Janus, the god of beginnings and endings.

Today, the only thing that has changed (for some) is that, rather than making promises to gods, we make promises to ourselves.

A professor of psychology at DePaul University in Chicago said that you ought to share your resolutions to others. Because when you keep your resolutions a secret, no one is goig to check up on you. So, tell us your resolutions!

cracking engineering services exam, learning French, Arabic and Spanish languages and achieving good body language etc etc.

graduate, meet the right guy and make parents happy and proud to meeew! hahaha

be better and not wasting time and money anymore:’D

these are my resolutions : being graduated from college, could realize my business plan , helping more people

Source:
http://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends-news-general/ancient-history-new-year-s-resolutions-001185
http://people.howstuffworks.com/culture-traditions/holidays-other/why-make-new-years-resolutions1.htm

Compiled by @FaridArdian for @EnglishTips4U on Dec, 30, 2015.

#EngKnowledge: Tartan Pattern

Fellas. This is perhaps one of the most recognisable patterns of fabric.


Yep, it’s called tartan, and it’s our topic for today’s session!

Tartan is almost always be associated with Scotland, esp. with its traditional dress ‘kilt’.


Kilt is the skirt that these men are wearing, while the cloth slung over their shoulder is a ‘plaid’.


Though, in North America, the tartan pattern is generally known as ‘plaid’.

The United Kingdom is made of several countries, with Scotland being one of them.

Though being called “country” (negara), the concept is actually more similar to “state” (negara bagian).

Scotland consisted of many warrior clans. In 1746, the government tried to control them by banning anything that is related to their culture, inc. kilt.

But this rule was banished in 1786.

Different region in Scotland has their very own tartan patterns.

But in the middle of 19th century, clans and families began to develop their own tartan patterns.

This is a pattern for Black Watch, the Royal Regimen of Scotland.


This one is Royal Stewart, and is the personal pattern for Queen Elizabeth II.


If a clan wants to create their own pattern then they have to report to an institution called Lord Lyon King of Arms.

Once it receives an approval from Lord Lyon and a recommendation from Advisory Committee for Tartan then the pattern can be recorded by Lyon Court Book.

There are certain etiquette related to how people wear tartan.

While there is a “universal or free tartan” that can be worn anytime by anyone, there are also patterns like Balmoral or Royal Stewart that can only be worn by British Royal Family.

Scotland is a patriarchal society and children are using their father’s family name.

They are only allowed to wear a pattern that belongs to their father’s clan.

Even within a clan, only those who have sworn allegiance to the chieftain can wear the clan’s pattern.

How about today? Is there still any regulation on how to wear tartan?

They are generally more relaxed today. Mant patterns are also being sold freely for the public.

Just like batik in Indonesia. Everyone can wear batik, but there is always an exception for some very special occasions.

Source: Wikipedia

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 25 October 2015.

#EngKnowledge: Hyphens (-) and Compound Adjectives

Good evening, fellas! For you in Indonesia, how was your holiday? It’s cool to have a holiday in the middle of the week, right! I had a restaurant-hopping holiday! Well, I met with some of my good-hearted friends and it was fun! What did you do today?

Did you notice how I used a hyphen between restaurant and hopping also between good and hearted? Let’s talk about hyphens. Hyphens are used to link words and parts of words. It’s this one: (-) and not this one (–) or even this one (—). The length is the different. A hyphen (-) is shorter than En Dash (–) or Em Dash (—). There are several uses of hyphens, but let’s focus on how to use hyphens with compound adjectives.

Compound adjectives are two or more words that together make an adjective. Compound adjectives are made up of a noun + an adjective, a noun + a participle, or an adjective + a participle. When they come directly before a noun, they’re known as compound modifiers and usually have a hyphen, like “a restaurant-hopping day.”

Here are a few more examples:
1. A marriage is a long-term commitment.
2. You need to wear a fire-proof vest to go inside the factory.

If the adjectives come after the noun, then they don’t need a hyphen. For example: The vest is fire proof.

Sometimes, the placement of a hyphen changes the meaning of your sentence. Let’s say you want a “hot-water bottle.” With a hyphen between “hot” and “water” you clearly want a water bottle for holding hot water because “hot” and “water” are joined by a hyphen. Without the hyphen between “hot” and “water, you might want a water bottle that is hot. See how the presence or absence of a hyphen could change the meaning?

Compiled for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 15 October, 2015.

#EngKnowledge: History of McDonald’s

Weeks ago we talked about British culinary icon, the Cadbury’s chocolate.

Today we’ll talk about American culinary icon the McDonald’s hamburgers!

1937: Patrick McDonald opened a food and drinks stand called The Airdrome near the Monrovia Airport, California.

3 years later, The Airdrome was moved by brothers Richard and Maurice McDonald to San Bernardino.

This became the first McDonald’s restaurant. They had 25 items in their menu, mostly barbequed stuff.

1948: The brothers noticed that their biggest profit came from hamburgers. They figured out an innovative way to sell it.

They invented the Speedee Service System, a system where burgers are being cooked in assembly line like in a factory.

The new McDonald’a then reopened with only 3 menus: Hamburgers, milkshake, and french fries.

1952: The brothers hired architect Stanley Clark Meston to redesign their restaurant.

Meston and his assistant then came up with perhaps one of the most legendary design ever.


This is the oldest McD restaurant ever that is still operating, located in Downey, California.


1953: The first McD franchise opened in Phoenix, Arizona.

1954: Entrepreneur and milkshake-mixer salesman Ray Kroc visited a McD outlet.


He was so inspired that he begged the brothers to open a franchise outside of Arizona and California.

Kroc was then known as the person who turned McD from a small family business to a big corporation.

Under his leadership, McD continued to open new franchises in the US.

1961: The brothers agreed to sell business rights to Kroc. This did not leave a happy ending for them.

They were the true founders of McD but were left with only 1 outlet after the purchase.

They cannot compete and went out of business.

1963: Kroc created a new marketing strategy targeting children and families.

First they tried to sponsor a TV show called Bozo the clown, but it was cancelled.

They decided to create their own character: Ronald McDonald!

This was the first design:


1963: The Fillet-O-Fish was introduced in Ohio.


1967: First McD outside of the US was opened in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada.

1968: The Big Mac was first introduced in Pittsburgh.


1971: First McD outlet in Asia opened in Tokyo, Japan.

The first Southeast Asian country to have a McD was Singapore in 1979.

How about Indonesia? The first McD was opened at Sarinah Thamrin, Jakarta in early 1990s.


1975: The Drive Thru was launched in Arizona. At first it was meant to serve US soldiers living around the area.

Why? Because they were not allowed to enter a restaurant while still in official uniform. So a drive-thru is a solution.

1979: Happy Meal was introduced. The bonus toy was a Star Trek toy.

From 1988-2008, McD had partnership with Disney to provide toys for the Happy Meal.

But in 2008, Disney reportedly ended the partnership because they want to promote healthier eating habit. Oops.

1984: Ray Krox passed away after a heart failure.

At the same time, tragedy happened in a McD outlet in San Ysidro. A man killed 21 people inside the outlet with guns.

1987: An airplane crashed a McD outlet in Germany. Killing 14 people in general.

The first McD opened in Moscow, then Uni Soviet, followed by other Eastern European countries.

1992: McD opened in Morocco, their first outlet in Africa.

McD was not without critics. There were concerns esp. related to health.

2000: Journalist Eric Schlosser published “Fast Food Nation: the Dark Side of All-American Meal.”

He criticised McD’s use of chemical flavouring and unfair treatment to cattles and chickens.

He also criticised McD’s attempt to market fast food to children.

Does it stop people from eating McD? No, though their profit is decreasing from time to time.

Source: Wikipedia

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 11 October 2015.

#EngKnowledge: Cadbury Chocolate

Let’s take a look at the long history of Cadbury chocolate!

1824: John Cadbury opened a grocery store in Bull St., Birmingham.

One of the things that he sold was cocoa and drinking chocolate which he prepared by himself everyday.

1831: He decided to produce in commercial scale and bought a warehouse in Crooked Lane.

A sample of drinking chocolate and cocoa that he sold back then:


1847: The factory moved to a bigger building in Bridge Street w its own canal spur which connects to main ports all over UK.

Cadbury is widely known for its chocolate bar, but it was not the first to create it.

1847: Bristol company Fry & Son produced the first ever chocolate bar in the world.

We’ll see later how their story connected to Cadbury’s.

1861: Richard and George Cadbury inherited the business from their father.

They were only 25 and 21 years old. Each were given £4000 by their mother to invest in the company.

1866: Cadbury’s turning point happened when the brothers decided to buy a new pressing machine.

The machine was invented by Coenraad Johannes van Houten, an infamous Dutch chocolate maker.


The machine was able to bring out the flavour of chocolate and helped increase sales dramatically.

1897: Swiss manufacturer Daniel Peter created the first milk chocolate bar. It quickly dominated the British market.

1875: Cadbury produced their first Easter Egg series.


1878: George Cadbury had an idea that would revolutionised worker’s condition.

The built Bournville, a new factory surrounded by gardens and facilities for workers.


The factory has gardens, playground for kids, and football field. In the Victorian era this was something completely new.

Most factories back then are located in big cities with buildings cramped into each other.

“Why should an industrial area be squalid and depressing?” – George Cadbury.

1897: Trying to compete with their Swiss competitor, Cadbury produced their first milk chocolate bar.


It was not as sweet as expected, and failed to become a big hit.

1900: Cadbury produced first printed advertising.


1905: George Cadbury Jr took up the challenge to create milk chocolate bar with more milk content than what is available.

Cadbury’s Dairy Milk was kaunched and became the brand’s most popular product, even today.


1905: Cadbury’s first logo was introduced. It was no longer ised today.


1919: Fry & Son’s finally merged with Cadbury, adding more variety to their line of products.

1915: Cadbury’s Milk Tray was launched.


1920: Cadbury turned into its signature purple-gold colour.


1921: Cadbury began to use the logo inspired by George Cadbury’s signature.


1928: The “a glass and a half” of milk was introduced for Dairy Milk products.


During World War II, food was scarce. Government had to ban the use of fresh milk for manufacturers.


Chocolate bars had to be produced with skimmed milk powder. The result was that Ration Chocolate.

1955: First Cadbury TV advertisements was launched.

2010: Cadbury announced that it was mergering with Kraft Food. Not everyone was happy with this.

Cadbury is more than just chocolate. It is a national pride for the people of United Kingdom.

Many people would not accept the fact that Cadbury was being sold to Kraft Food, a US company.

Some images from the protest.



Source: Cadbury official site, Daily Mail

Compuled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 20 September 2015.

#EngKnowledge: Silicon Valley

I am sure that you have heard of our topic for the night, Silicon Valley!

It is the nickname for the Southern part of the San Francisco Bay area.

This place is located in the state of California.

The area is home to the world’s biggest tech companies such as Apple and Google.

Where did the name come from?

The valley itself refers to the Santa Clara Valley nearby.

But the name itself came from local entrepreneur Ralph Vaerst.

His friend Don Hoefler used the term when he published a series of article in Electronic News.

“The Silicon Valley of the USA” was published in 11 January 1971.

The name became popular in 1980s especially after companies like IBM moved to the area.

Why silicon? Because companies that produce semiconductors in the area used silicon to produce it.

Stanford University plays a great role in developing Silicon Valley to be how it is today.

IT revolution, ham radio, and military tech are all produced there.

Silicon Valley is also home to Homebrew Computer Club, a computer enthusiasts society.

Steve Jobs introduced Apple I in this society’s meeting.

In 1995, first wave of Internet startups – Amazon, eBay, and Craiglist – began in the area.

Interestingly a third (1/3) of Silicon Vallet citizen is immigrant. Mostly from China and India.

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 13 September 2015.

#EngKnowledge: Queen Elizabeth II’s Reign

Fellas, on 9 September 2015, Queen Elizabeth II will be the longest serving monarch in the history of United Kingdom. 

Before her, the record was held by Queen Victoria.

BBC had gathered important facts and numbers related to the two queens. Here they are:

  
Victoria became queen at age 18, whilst Elizabeth at age 25.

Victoria was 1.5 m tall whilst Elizabeth is 1.6 m tall.

There was 400,000 people gathered in London to see Victoria’s coronation.

By the time, of course, there was no television :’D

Elizabeth’s coronation was the first to be broadcasted in television.

Victoria married Prince Albert in 1840 whilst Elizabeth married Duke of Edinburgh in 1947.

  
When Victoria assumed the throne in 1837, UK population was 16 million.

When Elizabeth took the throne in 1952, the population had already risen to 50 million.

In Victoria’s era, a quarter of this globe belongs to the United Kingdom.

Today, Elizabeth is the head of state of the UK and its 15 Commonwealths.

In her lifetime, Victoria oversaw 10 prime ministers.

By far Elizabeth had overseen 12 prime ministers.

In the UK, there are 154 roads named after Victoria, and 237 roads named after Elizabeth.

Victoria oversaw 6 Archbishops of Canterbury and 3 popes.

Whilst Elizabeth oversaw 7 Archbishops and 7 popes.

Despite her age, Elizabeth showed no sign of slowing down.

Other European monarch had stepped down at her age, but she continues to stay in throne.

Will the Queen ever abdicate? Many theories believe she will not.

Because she had stated on her 21st birthday that she will serve the nation for as long as she lived.

Source: BBC

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 6 September 2015.

#EngKnowledge: Red telephone booth

This #EngKnowledge post will be about one of the most popular icons in British culture: the red telephone booth!

People nowadays don’t really use public phone anymore. Naturally, the number of phone booth is decreasing. But in the UK and its Commonwealth, it remains a cultural icon and a popular tourist attraction.

The phone booth was first introduced by the United Kingdom Post Office in 1920.

At a glance, they may look the same. But there are 6 six different types of booth available. This is the oldest design available, called the K1.

K1 telephone booth

 


The latest design (K6) was inroduced in 1985.

What’s the difference between all these types? First and foremost, it’s their size. There are also minor differences like the K4 has a post box inside.

K4 (left) & K5 (right) telephone booths

The Royal Fine Art Commission was in charge of choosing the design. The design that is used now was submitted by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott. The color red was chosen because it was, well, easy to spot.

Since 1962, the top of the booth was decorated with a crown to symbolize the British government.

Check out this pic! Notice that there are 2 different kinds of crown. The left one is a Tudor’s Crown whilst the right one is a St. Edward’s Crown.

Tudor’s Crown (left) and St.Edward’s Crown (right)

In 1953, Queen Elizabeth II changed all the crowns in government official representation to St. Edward’s Crown. Because St. Edward’s is the kind of crown that the monarch is using at the moment.

Will the booth design ever change? Actually, there is already the designs for K7 and K8.

This is the K8, as designed by Bruce Martin.

K8 telephone booth


The K7 and K8 will only be used for the latest installments. But then again demand for public phones is decreasing year by year, especially with the appearance of mobile phones. K7 and K8 then became very rare types of booth.

So if you have been to London, the phone booth that you saw might have been older than 70 years old!

Source: Wikipedia

 

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, August 30, 2015

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

#EngKnowledge: “Post-Holiday Blues”

Do you notice that when the holiday is about to end (akan berakhir) you tend (cenderung) to feel gloomy (muram)?

Not only that you feel gloomy, but you may also experience headache or loss of energy.

There’s actually a term for that: Post-Holiday Blues! 

Post-Holiday Blues is known as Post-Vacation Blues in the USA and Canada.

Also known as Post-Travel Depression (PTD), it usually happens after a long holiday esp. when the holiday is pleasant.

The ide of having to go back to the routine can be very daunting (menakutkan, menegangkan) for some people.

Whilst it may seem unpleasant, PTD is not an incurable (tidak dapat disembuhkan) condition.

As time goes by, we begin to adjust to our routine again.

However, there are ways to make this process easier.

One of them is by trying to relive (menghidupkan kembali) the memories by looking at holiday photos or sharing holiday stories.

It helps you to move on sooner, though I also think it can also make you miss it even more :D

The best way to handle it: Plan the bext holiday! :D You are going to have something to look forward to as you go through your routine.

Something to look forward to = sesuatu untuk dinantikan

Go through routine = menjalani rutinitas

Do you have any tips to handle Post-Holiday Blues?

@rubiltf: how about going to bed earlier

Source: Wikipedia, psychcentral.com

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 26 July 2015.

#EngKnowledge: The 4th of July Traditions

Today we’ll be learning some top independence day traditions in the US!

The top of the list is independence day parade.

  
Cities across the US held parades of military units, horses, cheerleaders, and marching bands.

  
Also, there’ll be flags everywhere.

  
US military bases will also perform a ceremony called “salute to the union”.

  
In this ceremony, troops will fire one gun for every state in the US.

  
Troops = pasukan, fire gun = menembakkan senjata

Another tradition is backyard barbecue! 

  
(Since some of you are still fasting, so I guess the food pic has to wait)

Family and friends gather in the backyard of a house to enjoy burgers, steak, lemonade, and ice cream.

They usually sit around and talk on alumunium lawn chair like this.

  
The chair had became so popular that it appeared in Google Doodle independence day edition:

  
Amother tradition that cannot be missed: fireworks show!

  
Some cities actually held firework shows on the weekend before independence day.

Families at home also complement their parties with fireworks.

Check out what author John Green had prepared for his party:

  
Towns and cities also held unique festivals to celebrate independence day. Food fair, music festival … You name it!

Here’s the Pink Salmon Festival in the state of Alaska.  
What are the guys doing with the spears? Well, there’s something called “kayak jousting.”

Spears = tombak. 

They stand on a kayak (some kind of boat) to ‘battle’ an opponent. The winner is the one who manages to stay up.

  
Similar to what Indonesia has for independence day: “Perang Bantal”.

  
Another similarity to Indonesian independence day celebration: eating contests.

While Indonesia has cracker eating contest …

  
The US has hot dog eating contest!

  
Nathan’s Hot Dog Eating Contest in New York is the most important of them all.

  
The tradition started as a way for two friends to settle a dispute (menyelesaikan perselisihan).

This contest had started in 1972, and is recently broadcasted (disiarkan) on sports channel ESPN. 
Source: inquistr, ar15.com, Youtube, thefrugalgirl.com, obscanheestra.nl, timvandevall.com

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 5 July 2015

#EngKnowledge: US Presidential Libraries 

Hello, fellas! Perhaps you have heard of this news recently: http://t.co/STNGZgbiZh 

The news is about the Barrack Obama Presidential Library. The city of Chicago has been decided as its future location. 

Has been decided = diputuskan sebagai 

Future location = lokasinya nanti. 

So what is a US Presidential Library, and why does it seem to be such a great importance? 

Such a great importance = begitu penting. 

A US Presidential Library is basically a museum that hosted papers, records, collections, and other historical materials related to a particular US President during his time as a President. 

  
Hosted = menyimpan, menjadi tuan rumah 

Historical material = benda bersejarah. 

So, a Barrack Obama Presidential Library will be home to many information on his life and career as a president. 

 These Libraries are administered by National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). 

NARA administered in total 13 Presidential Libraries. But surely there are more US Presidents than that? 

Administered = dikelola, mengelola

Yes! The idea of Presidential Libraries was developed during the reign of Herbert Hoover (31st President, 1929-1933) 

Developed = dikembangkan, reign = kekuasaan. 

But how about other Presidents before him? Surely they deserve their own Libraries? 

Of course, and there are Libraries of former Presidents such as George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. 

The difference is that they are not administered by NARA. 

The location of the Libraries mattered because they need to have significant meaning to the President. 

Mattered = penting 

Having a Presidential Library will significantly boost tourism in that city. 

Boost = meningkatkan, mendorong. 

For Pres. Obama, there are 3 contenders for the Library location: New York City, Hawaii, and Chicago. 

New York City is where he finished his undergraduate study in Columbia University. 

Honolulu is where he was born.

But Chicago is chosen because it’s the city that mattered most to him. 

  
Pres. Obama was a law professor at University of Chicago. His political career also took off from the city. 

Takes (took) off = dimulai, diluncurkan.

In case you’re wondering, no, Jakarta isn’t one of the contenders even though he lived here for a while :)) 

Let’s check out some of the most popular Presidential Libraries: 

Fred W. Smith National Library for the Study of George Washington in Fairfax County, Virginia. 

  
Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield, Illinois. 

  
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum in Hyde Park, New York.

  
 John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston, Massachusetts. 

  
Jimmy Carter Presidential Center, Atlanta, Georgia. 

  
The Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California. 

  
William J. Clinton Presidential Library and Museum, Little Rock, Arkansas. 

  
And finally George W. Bush Presidential Center in Dallas, Texas. 
  

If you wish to visit any of these libraries, don’t forget to check their websites to book your tickets. 

Book tickets = memesan tiket. 

So! Is there any particular Presidential Library you wish to visit? Or have you been to any of them? :D 

I think it’ll be cool if Hillary Clinton ends up becoming President as well. Husband and wife, each has their own Presidential Library! :D

#EngKnowledge: British Royal Family

Bet you’ve heard about this today: Prince William and Kate Middleton had welcomed their 2nd child, a baby girl!

So this is the perfect moment to learn some facts about the British monarchy!

  1. Queen Elizabeth II has been serving her country for more than 60 years.
  2. The Queen is a “Queen Regnant”, which means she became queen not because of marriage.
  3. She inherited the throne from her father.
    • Inherited. Arti: mewarisi,
    • Throne. Arti: takhta.
  4. Will Kate Middleton ever be a queen? Contrary to Queen Elizabeth II, she will be a ‘Queen Consort.’ Queen Consort is when a princess becomes a queen by marriage.
  5. Based on her lineage, Kate Middleton turned out to be a distant relative of George Washington.
  6. Queen Elizabeth had declared the family surname to be ‘Mountbatten-Windsor.’ Mountbatten is Prince Phillip’s surname.
    However, anyone with a ‘His/Her Royal Highness Title Prince/Princess’ does not usually require a surname.
  7. When a Royal Baby is born, a town crier will announce it in front of the hospital wing. Two footmen will then place an official declaration outside Buckingham Palace. Two footmen will then place an official declaration outside Buckingham Palace.
    • Hospital wing. Arti: bangsal rumah sakit.
  8. Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, wife of Prince Charles does not use the title ‘Princess.’ The decision was made out of respect to the late Princess Diana.
    • Out of respect. Arti: demi menghormati.
  9. Every Tuesday, the Queen will hold a meeting with the current British Prime Minister.
  10. Another interesting tradition involving the Prime Minister is when they are elected. The winner of the election is announced, then he/she is going to meet the Queen. Then he/she is going to publicly declare in front of the people: “Her Majesty the Queen has asked me to form a Government and I have accepted.”
  11. Using a postage stamp with the image of the Queen in the wrong way can be seen as a treason.
    • Postage stamp. Arti: perangko,
    • Treason. Arti: pengkhianatan terhadap negara.

Those are my fave facts about British Royal family. Do you have any fave facts?

“Another fact about royal family was Prince Charless cheated with Camilla before Princess Diana got rumour.” – @iamderi

Source:

  • Telegraph UK,
  • yourtango.com

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, May 3, 2014

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngKnowledge: MOOCs

Fellas. Have you ever wanted to study from the world’s best teachers … Without having to leave the comfort of home? 

Today we’ll talk about the coolest new innovation in education: MOOCs! 
What is MOOCs? No, it’s not the sound that cows make. 
MOOCs stands for Massive Online Open Course. 
MOOCs is basically a form of distance learning. 
In our grandparents’ days, people who live in remote places can get education by doing correspondence. 
Remote places = tempat terpencil, correspondence = surat-menyurat. 
MOOCs is actually a digital version of it: Students study from universities in far away places (even abroad) …
Submitting assignments and tests via email, meeting classmates via discussion forum, watching lectures via Youtube … 
 In the end, they got a certificate. And guess what? MOOCs lessons are available for free! 
 There are also paid MOOCs courses. The difference is what you can do with the certificate. 
You can use paid MOOCs courses to enroll to universities. With the unpaid version you can only use it to apply for jobs. 
Some of the most popular MOOCs providers are http://t.co/qQOtIzvTJt and http://t.co/zmGVtjVcDT
If you go to those sites, you can find lists of universities and the courses they provide, from business to music. 
MOOCs operate under the idea that education and information should be free for all, not limited to those in universities. 
Here’s the history of MOOCs: 
Distance learning was pioneered by the Open University, United Kingdom, in 1971. It uses the BBC to broadcast classes. 
Pioneered = dipelopori 
 The model was so successful that other countries began to follow suit, including Indonesia with Universitas Terbuka. 
Follow suit = mengikuti jejak langkah. 
Sir John Daniel, former CEO of Commonwealth of Learning, refer to open universities as ‘mega universities’. 
Because there is no limit to the number of students an open university can have. 
The Internet era introduced us to the concept of ‘Open Content’. 
Open Content is when learning materials are widely available in online platform, so it can be accessed for free by anyone. 
MIT was the first university to declare that all its materials will be accessible for free online. 
MIT’s OpenCourseWare program inspired UNESCO to coin the term ‘Open Educational Resource’. 
Coin the term = mencetuskan istilah 
University of the People (http://t.co/NvzwSp8Gjf) took it even further. Not only that they distribute materials, they also have experts donating time and knowledge to teach via videos and recordings. 
Took it even further = mengembangkan lebih jauh lagi. 
MIT and Harvard then collaborate to build http://t.co/qQOtIzvTJt. They are only some of the many universities taking part. 

MOOCs became so popular that The New York Times declare 2012 as “The Year of MOOCs.” 

Do you want to know how popular it is? Well, for example, Stanford University’s first MOOCs class was “Intro to Artifical Intelligence”. There are 160,000 students enrolling in that program alone! Imagine having 160,000 classmates from all over the world.

Interestingly, these top universities are actually not the first to come out with the idea of using Internet to teach. 

George Siemens from University of Manitoba, Canada, was the founder of MOOCs. 

  
(Image: online-educa.com)

With Stephen Downes, he conducted his classes online and for free to the public, other than 25 of his own students.

Siemens began his innovation in 2008. He was concerned because education is available only to those attending universities. 

His innovation had enabled people to get greater access to education.
In 2012, University of Miami launched Global Academy, the first high school level MOOCs. 

Even US President Barrack Obama complimented MOOCs as ‘having potential to help reduce the cost of higher education.’ 

Reduce cost = Mengurangi biaya.

The admin had tried an MOOCs course once via http://t.co/qQOtIzvTJt. It was wonderful! :D

The class was ‘Intro to College Writing’ by University of California, Berkeley. Great way to help improve English writing skills.

Have any of you tried MOOCs classes? How was your experience?

@nanovita: @EnglishTips4U I’ve tried coursera. It’s also supporting a 5-week workshop in @america Pacific Place these weeks. Helpful ;)
Source: Wikipedia, Tian Belawati – Pendidikan di Era Keterbukaan.

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 26 April 2015.

#EngKnowledge: “Bank Holiday”

This long weekend is the best time to learn about Bank Holiday! 

 In the United Kingdom and its Commonwealth countries, Bank Holiday is the most awaited time in a year, apart from Christmas and New Year. 

Most awaited = paling dinanti. 

Except for those who work in essential services like policemen/ambulance, this is the time for everyone to enjoy long weekend.

Except for those who work in essential services like policemen/ambulance, this is the time for everyone to enjoy long weekend.

Replacement days = pengganti hari libur yang diambil untuk bekerja. 

So what is actually a Bank Holiday? Simply put, it’s a holiday other than public holidays which banks are ordered to close. 

So what is actually a Bank Holiday? Simply put, it’s a holiday other than public holidays which banks are ordered to close. 

Ordered = diperintahkan. 

The following are examples of Bank Holidays in a year: 

Easter Monday = the first Monday after Easter, which is tomorrow. 

May Bank Holiday = Happens during Labour Day or 1 May. 

Summer Bank Holiday = the last Monday in August. 

These holidays applied to whole United Kingdom and Commonwealth, with some minor exceptions.

 In Scotland, St. Andrew’s Day (30 November) is also designated to be a Bank Holiday. 

The idea of Bank Holidays was first introduced in 1871 by Sir John Lubbock. 

If a Bank Holiday happens to fall on a Saturday/Sunday, then a substitute day will be given. 

Substitute = pengganti. 

Source: Wikipedia, learnenglish.de

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 5 April 2015.

#EngKnowledge: World Poetry Day

Hey-ho, fellas! Do you know that 21 March – which was only yesterday – had been declared by UNESCO as #WorldPoetryDay ? 

Declared = dinyatakan 

Poetry is one of the most universal forms of literary art in the world. Like songs, it is known in almost any language! 

#WorldPoetryDay is a time to appreciate and support poets and poetry around the world. 

Poetry certainly plays a great role in the development of English language. 

Today we’ll talk about the different genre of poetry – plus some great examples from each genre! 

If you are majoring in Literary or taking the Language class in high school, feel free to contribute! 

The art of poetry is older than the written language itself – it is considered as the oldest form of literature! 

Written language = bahasa tertulis. 

Human ancestors told stories in some sort of poetic form to make it easier to remember and recite. 

Ancestors = nenek moyang, poetic form = bentuk/gaya seperti puisi, recite = menceritakan ulang 

According to Aristotle, poetry is divided into 3 genres: comedy, tragedy, epic. 



Image: Wikipedia

Comedy is about something laughable, while tragedy and epic are about human sufferings. 

The difference is that epic is written in narrative form (narrative = bercerita) 

In the modern era, poetry is divided into 3 main forms: lyric, narrative, and dramatic. 

They can still be divided into many subdivisions, but those are the 3 main forms of poetry. 

1. Lyric. Check out the first lines of “Sonnet 18” by the legend himself, William Shakespeare: 

“Shall I compare thee to a Summer’s day? Thou are more lovely and more temperate”

 (Biar gaya boleh lah besok-besok ngegombal pakai puisi Shakespeare :P )

Thee/thou = ‘kamu’ dalam bahasa Inggris lama 

Lyric poetry is an emotional writing. It focuses on feelings and thought, and can be like a song. 

Elegy, ode, sonnet are the subdivisions of lyric poetry. 

 2. Narrative poetry. Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven” is a great example. Watch it here: http://t.co/lqL1SmkNZQ 

 It’s a video of Christopher Lee reading The Raven. Yes, he’s Saruman in the Lord of the Rings movies. 



Image: Wikipedia

It’s a video of Christopher Lee reading The Raven. Yes, he’s Saruman in the Lord of the Rings movies. 

I don’t recommend to listen to that alone :D The Raven is a creepy story about being visited by a mysterious bird at midnight.

Narrative poetry is a poem that tells a story. Its subdivisions are epic and ballad. 

3. Dramatic poetry. This is a poem in which one or more characters speak, like in a drama. 

Next we have parts of Robert Frost’s “Out-out”. Here is the man (with a birthday cake).



Image: Wikipedia

“Doing man’s work, though a child at heart // He saw all spoiled, ‘Don’t let him cut my hands off!'”

“The Doctor, when he comes, ‘Don’t let him, sister!’ // So, but the hand was gone already.” 

A child at heart = Berjiwa polos seperti anak-anak.

That’s a sad story :'( As you can see, there are at least 2 characters speaking in that poem. 

In that case, The Raven can also be put in dramatic poetry division. Poetry genre is often flexible like that. 

 Anyway, listening to poetry is a great way to practice listening skills! I recommend to check out ‘SpokenWordTV’ in Youtube. 

Poetry doesn’t always have to be serious and heavy. Many of them are funny and entertaining. 

Check out this poet Beau Sia, reading his poem “I’m So Deep”: http://t.co/JrcUqz3pED 

So! Do you have any favorite poem? Or do you write them yourself? 

@alifahzarrina: @EnglishTips4U I have, I wrote it a long time ago. But dunno if the grammar is correct or nah.

@endahwinchester: @englishtips4u one of my favorite is Desiderata by Max Ehrmann :)

Source: timeanddate.com, brighthubeducation.com, poemofquotes.com, SpokenWordTV, ChristopherLeeFans

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 22 March 2015

#EngKnowledge: International Women’s Day

Happy International Women’s Day! Here’s to a better future for all women!

 

(Image: myeventsblog.com)

What is International Women’s Day or #IWD? Let’s learn about the history of this global movement.

Every 8 March, the global community celebrates women’s economic, political, and social struggles and achievements. Purple is the color associated with this international day, as seen in their logo.  In some countries, #IWD is celebrated as a national holiday. For example, in China women are given half-day off.

 

(Image: vovworld.vn)

In 1977, United Nations General Assembly declared 8 March as #IWD, the United Nations Day for women’s rights and world peace. However, the history of #IWD goes way back before 1977.  It is said that even in developed country like Germany, women were not allowed to vote until 1918!

In the early 20th century, there was a rise of women movement in different parts of the world. For instances, in 1908, women in New York City marched to demand for shorter working hours, better pay, and suffrage. Then in Indonesia, 1911 saw the publication of R. A. Kartini’s “Habis Gelap Terbitlah Terang.”

The first National Women’s Day is celebrated in the United States on 28 February 1909. The day was established based on a declaration of Socialist Party of America. In the beginning, International Women’s Day is strongly tied to socialism, but as women movement spread worldwide it became more universal.

In 1910, the second International Conference of Working Women was held in Copenhagen. In the event, activist Clara Zetkin proposed the idea of #IWD. Some countries can use it as momentum to press for women’s rights and the idea was approved unanimously. International Women’s Day was celebrated on 19 March 1911 in Austria, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland.

Why did it changed to 8 March? Because there are many significant events related to women movement happened on 8 March. In 8 March 1914, Sylvia Pankhurst led a march in London for women’s right to vote. She was arrested n continued the struggle behind bars. In Russia, the February Revolution also happened on 8 March 1917 where the women marched to demand for “Bread and Peace”.

So! How do you celebrate the day, fellas? What do you think is the most urgent problem for women in Indonesia and the world?

Source: internationalwomensday.com

Compiled and written by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 8 March 2015.


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^MD

#EngKnowledge: Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird

Have you read the novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee? It’s available in English and Indonesian.

IMG_6139

To Kill a Mockingbird (TKM) is known as one of the greatest novels in American literary.

First published in 1960, the novel had won a Pulitzer Prize. It’s the only published work of author Harper Lee, until …

Last Wednesday, she announced that there’ll finally be a sequel to the novel!! http://t.co/eDrKg8K2bN

Imagine: Waiting 55 years for a sequel! (And I thought Sherlock Series 4 took forever to make).

Took forever to … = Butuh waktu lama untuk …

TKM is being taught in schools all over United States. Students read and review them in English classes.

Even British librarians claimed TKM as one of the ‘books you must read before you die’.

What makes TKM so special in the heart of American society and book lovers?

If you haven’t read it, here’s a summary of the story: (Don’t worry, it’s spoiler free!)

A little girl named Scout lives in Alabama during the time of segregation. She is the daughter of a lawyer, Atticus Finch.

Segregation = Kebijakan hukum yang membatasi hak warga kulit hitam di AS pada tahun 1960-an.

Atticus created an uproar when he decided to defend an innocent black man, Tom Robinson.

Created an uproar = Menimbulkan kontroversi/kegaduhan.

Even though Tom was innocent, as a black man he does not deserved to be defended by a white lawyer like Atticus.

TKM tells the story of their struggle through Scout’s eyes. She also meets a mysterious man, Boo Radley.

What happened to Tom and Atticus, and who is Boo Radley? You should find out by yourself :D

TKM is important because it speaks of social injustice from the perspective of a child.

It teaches us not to judge people based on their appearance, also not to be believe in negative stigma.

Even in this modern era, racism prevails in many places in the world. Which is why the lessons in TKM remains relevant.

This is why the world is excited about the publicity of its sequel, coming soon in July 2015.

Not only because it is a great book, but also because the author is known to dislike her popularity.

Harper Lee refused to do any interview with media after TKM became very popular.

Which is why some people expressed concerns when the sequel is announced. They fear that Lee is being pressured to publish it.

Express concern = menyatakan kekhawatiran.

They fear that Lee is being pressured to publish it. But Lee denied the claim.

She originally wrote the sequel to be published instead of TKM. But her editor thought the story would be more interesting if being spoken from a child’s perspective.

What do you think, fellas? If you’ve read TKM, are you excited about the sequel? If you haven’t, would you like to try it?

@rsmno: @EnglishTips4U YES! TKM has hit my heart so deep. Can’t wait for the sequel.

@fantastisch_1D: @EnglishTips4U well, I do really want to read that now😔

@bakahikki: @EnglishTips4U good author.. keep making masterpiece !!

@salmaazkiya: I love the book! “@EnglishTips4U: Even British librarians claimed TKM as one of the ‘books you must read before you die’. #EngKnowledge”

What is your favourite thing about it?

@salmaazkiya: @EnglishTips4U about Mrs. Dubose’s story, I was kind of shocked when I read about her real story

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 8 February 2015