Tag Archives: engclass

#EngTalk: Horoscope

Hello fellas, how was your day? We meet again in Wednesday session with @Englishtips4u and today we will discuss astrology or also known as horoscope. Do you believe in horoscope? Most of the time, someone checks his or her horoscope out of pure fun. When we open a magazine or a newspaper and we see the horoscope monthly update, we can sometimes read or overlook it.

For those who read it, they do it to search any signs about fortune or lucky happenings in life, for fun. As we are all aware, there are 12 known zodiac signs that are compatible with our birthdays. Can you mention all 12 of them? Yes, they are Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, and Sagittarius.

https://pixabay.com/en/zodiac-astrology-horoscope-2904106/

Strangely enough, millennials tend to show more interest in astrology, more than other generations do, according to this article : https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/horoscopes-millennials-why-do-so-many-believe-zodiac-star-signs-a7531806.html

Do you think the article makes sense? Or does anything happen to us is purely coincidental, regardless of our star sign? Share your thoughts and tweet us. Have you read this article? I find some opinion about millennials and the zodiac sign.

What we must avoid, however, is judging someone based on their zodiac sign. Someone who was born under the sign Libra could say, “It’s not my fault that I’m bad on decision making. I’m a Libra.

The article also mentioned a girl with Leo horoscope, who felt that she didn’t quite relate to her zodiac sign. She said that she would not define herself as someone who liked to be on the spotlight, although she did feel that she was a sociable and a creative type.

Continuing with the businesswoman on the article who was a Libra. She identified strongly with her zodiac sign and believed that she was a ‘typical Libran. The last one was a young girl from London, an Aries, who believed that she found herself always attracted to Aquarius guys, based on the horoscope.

However, as what we mentioned previously, we should avoid prejudice based on zodiac sign. Someone’s characteristics and personality are unique, which means we cannot really be sure that someone is behaving or doing a certain action because of his or her sign.

Similarly, we should not be discouraged either if our zodiac update says that there is something unfortunate to happen to us. It is good to stay optimistic, keep an open mind, and be careful at the same time.

That’s all for today, fellas! Thank you so much for joining today’s session. See you tomorrow!

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, February 13, 2019.

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#EngClass: Figurative speech in Blue Winds Dancing

Hello, fellas! Today we are going to refresh our minds regarding figurative speech. Do you remember what figurative speech is?

Figurative speech can be found easily in any literary works. It refers to words or phrases delivered in unusual ways to create strong images, to emphasize on certain ideas, and to compare things.

In Blue Winds Dancing essay, the author himself, Thomas S. Whitecloud uses figurative speech to deliver his ideas. I found simile, metaphor, and personification in this essay. If you want to read the essay, you can google it yourself. :)

Simile is a direct comparison that uses “like, as, seem, appears” while metaphor is an implied comparison. It doesn’t use verb such as ‘like’ and ‘as’. Personification is when objects, things, or animals are given human characteristics. We have covered this topic so feel free to click this link.

Now look at this sentence “giant cacti that were petrified hitchhikers along the highways”, the author compared cacti and hitchhikers.

“Soft in the night the drums beat. It is like the pulse beat of the world.”

In the above sentence, we understand that the drum beat represents the pulse beat of the world.

This sentence ‘… a soft wind sighs through the trees’ employs personification. Another personification: ‘…birds sing their last songs before leaving.’ well I think it’s a very common personification, even in Indonesian language we often read ‘burungpun bernyanyi’.

Well, Blue Winds Dancing essay left me in awe. It caught my attention because of its imagery. And imagery makes use of figurative speech such as simile, metaphor, personification, onomatopoeia, etc. to appeal to our physical senses. Here we come to the end of this post. I hope you will find Blue Winds Dancing essay (google will help) and read.

 

Compiled and written by @kusumawicitraa for @Englishtips4U on Friday, March 17, 2017

 

 

#EngClass: Descriptive text and report text

Hi, fellas! A couple of weeks ago, one of you asked us a question on our Line account @EnglishTips4U, “What are the differences between descriptive text and report text?”
Well, this question brings me back to those old days when I was in high school- learning English through many kinds of texts. Formal education in Indonesia indeed requires us to learn some genres of text, from descriptive text to review text. Well maybe some vocational schools do not teach certain texts as they emphasize more on English expressions rather than texts, but most schools teach genres of text. Well, this time, we are going to look at descriptive text and report text. How are they different?
First, let the definitions of both distinguish them:
1.Descriptive text is a text that describes a particular person, place or thing in detail.
2.Report text is a text that describes person, place or thing in general.

See the difference?

So, descriptive text describes specific things/places/person in details and report text describes things/places/person in general.

Do you still find it confusing? Alright! If you are going to describe a cat, not a specific cat, you write a report text, but if you are going to describe a cat named Meong, which has no fur and the cat is yours, then you write a descriptive text.

Look at this question: “What is the author’s purpose of writing this text?” Does it ring a bell to you? Well, I found that many times in English test. Every text has a communicative purpose. Description text aims to present particular things, persons, place, while the purpose of report text is to present information in general.
When writing texts, we might know a text always has its own language features. Just so you know, both texts use simple present tense. Why? They both tell actual truth. But sometimes past tense is used in descriptive text when describing about something that does not exist anymore or about history. They always feature adjectives, and noun phrases.

So are there no other differences?

They have different generic structure of text. As in descriptive text, the generic structure is described as follows:
Identification: introducing what will be described – what it is and where it is
Description: describing the thing – its parts, qualities, and/or characteristics

eng

While report text, the generic structure can be seen below:
1.General classification: stating classification of general aspect of thing, animal, etc which will be described in general
2.Description: describing the thing in details

giraffe

Compiled and written by @kusumawicitra for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, February 10, 2017

#EngClass: Correlative Conjunction

Today’s #EngClass will be about an important detail that you need to pay attention to when creating a sentence: Correlative Conjunction (CC).

CC connects 2 equal grammatical items.

Meaning? If within a sentence you used a noun before ‘either’ then you should also use a noun after ‘or’.

Here are some examples of CC as compiled by The Yuniversity:

  
The equal nature of the parts is called “parallelism.”

Let’s take a look at examples:

1. My boyfriend is both handsome and loyal. <— ‘Handsome’ and ‘loyal’ are both adjectives

2. Today, we will either read a book or watch a movie. <— ‘Read’ and ‘watch’ are both verbs.

3. She likes neither to exercise nor to go out. <— ‘To exercise’ and ‘to go out’ are both Infinite Verb.

So we cannot say “My boyfriend is both loyal and he is also very handsome.”

Or “Today we will either read a book or watching a movie.”

Or even “She likes neither to exercise nor go out” because ‘go out’ is a Bare Infinitive Verb without the ‘to’. 

So whenever you are writing a sentence with CC, always make sure that they are parallel with each other.

Source: The Yuniversity

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 9 August 2015.

#EngClass: Reciprocal Pronoun

Let’s start today’s session by looking at this picture:

  
Do you think the kittens are attacking each other, or attacking one another?

@ririnceu: each other

@Hearmason: attacking one another

To answer this question correctly, first we need to understand the concept of Reciprocal Pronoun (RP).

RP is when two or more subjects are doing the same thing, at the same time. 

For example, A is doing something to B, whilst B is also doing something to A.

In the English language, there are two known RPs: Each Other and One Another.

In the Indonesian language, they can be translated as “saling …”

What’s the difference between Each Other and One Another? The answer is very simple.

We use Each Other when there are two subjects involved (terlibat).

  
We use One Another when there are more than two subjects involved.

  
So the answer to the question will be like this: The kittens are attacking each other.

However, many linguists have dissenting opinion (pendapat bertentangan) about the difference between the two.

Some believes that you can use Each Other and One Another for more than 2 subjects.

But generally they agreed that we use Each Other when there are only 2 subjects.

So, Each Other can be used for both, whilst One Another can only be used for more than 2 subjects.

Source: Quick and Dirty Tips, British Council English learning page

Image: Warren Photographic, dreamstime.com

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 2 August 2015.