I just watched a court-themed movie the other day, titled A Few Good Men (1992). Have you guys watched it? It was about a U.S military trial in a case of murder due to “Code Red” action. I think it’s worth to watch, especially if you’re interested in courtroom movies. So, I’d like to share some law vocabulary. It’s about people who are involved in a trial.
1. Judge. Meaning: a public officer authorized to hear and decide cases in a court of law. In Indonesia it’s known as hakim.
2. Attorney. Meaning: a lawyer qualified to represent clients in legal proceedings. In Indonesia it’s known as pengacara or advokat.
3. Prosecuting attorney/Prosecutor. Meaning: an attorney who represents the state in a courtroom. His job is to sue the defendant. In Indonesia it’s known as jaksa penuntut umum.
4. Defendant. Meaning: a person accused of the crime. In Indonesia it’s known as terdakwa.
5. Witness. Meaning: a person called in a lawsuit to give testimony before the court or jury. In Indonesia it’s known as saksi.
6. Jury. Meaning: people selected and sworn to inquire into and declare a verdict, whether the defendant charges guilty or not.
The term ‘jury’ only exists in Anglo-Saxon countries, such as Britain and United States. In Indonesia there’s no such thing as jury because we subscribe to Civil law system where the verdict is given by The Judge.
7. Clerk of the court. Meaning: a secretary who records, documents, the proceedings of a court trial and hearings. In Indonesia it’s known as panitera.
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