Tag Archives: complement

#EngClass: Subject complement

Complement is the word added to complete an incomplete sentence.

Subject complement is the word that follow a linking verb and identify or describe the subject.

Linking verb: is, am, are, was, were, appear, become, feel, look, remain, sound, taste, grow, etc.

There are two kinds of subject complements:

  1. If the subject complement is a noun or pronoun, it is a predicate nominative. Predicate nominatives (nouns and pronouns) explain the subject or give another name for the subject.
  2. If the subject complement is an adjective, it is a predicate adjective. Predicate adjective describe the subject.

 

Examples:

  1. Joe is a gourmet.
    • noun subject complement (a gourmet) after verb be (is).
  2. Joe became a gourmet.
    • noun subject complement (a gourmet) after linking verb (became).
  3. The meatballs are delicious.
    • adjective subject complement (delicious) after verb of being (are).
  4. The meatballs taste delicious.
    • adjective subject complement (delicious) after linking verb (taste).

 

Practice:

Task: Find the subject complement.

Hint: look for the linking verb to help you find the subject complement.

1. Ross seems worried.
Ross
‘Ross’ is the subject
seems
‘seems’ is the linking verb
worried
Correct!
2. Some caterpillars become butterflies.
Some caterpillars
‘Some caterpillar’ is the subject
become
‘become’ is the linking verb
butterflies
Correct!
3. You look happy.
You
‘You’ is the subject
look
‘look’ is the linking verb
happy
Correct!
4. The man became furious at the delay.
The man
‘The man’ is the subject
became
‘became’ is the linking verb
furious
Correct!
at the delay
‘at the delay’ is the adverb
4. The man became furious at the delay.
The man
‘The man’ is the subject
became
‘became’ is the linking verb
furious
Correct!
at the delay
‘at the delay’ is the adverb
5. The chlorine in the pool smelled harsh.
The chlorine
‘The chlorine’ is the subject
in the pool
‘in the pool’ is an adverb phrase. In combination with ‘the chlorine’, they form a noun phrase
smelled
‘smelled’ is the linking verb
harsh
Correct!
6. This bread tastes moldy to me.
This bread
‘This bread’ is the subject
tastes
‘tastes’ is the linking verb
moldy
Correct!
to me
‘to me’ is an adverb phrase.

 
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, November 6, 2016

 

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^MQ

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#EngClass: complement

Kata “complement” biasanya berada di belakang “verb phrase” (frase kata kerja), di mana verb utamanya biasanya dalam bentuk “be”.

“complement” menjelaskan sifat dari subject dalam sebuah klausa. Contoh: “I am happy.” happy = complement, menjelaskan subject “I”.

Perlu diingat, pola penggunaan complement dalam sebuah clause adalah sbb: subject (I) + verb phrase (am) + complement (happy).

Dalam contoh, complement “happy” adalah sebuah adjective (kata sifat). Ada beberapa bentuk complement yang harus kita ketahui, sebagai berikut…

1) Adjective. Adjective bisa menjadi complement; bisa digunakan dengan modifier (so, very, etc). Contoh:

  • “I am very happy.”
  • “She was late.”
  • “The movie must be good.”
  • “It will be fun!”

2) Noun phrase (frase kata benda). Contoh: “She is a student.” a student = complement dalam bentuk noun phrase. Contoh lain penggunaan noun phrase sbg complement:

  • “Those are my books.”
  • “You must be Ms Anna.”
  • “He will be a pilot.”

3) Pronoun (kata ganti) atau number (angka). Contoh: “It was me.” me= pronoun sebagai complement. “She is ten.” ten (yang artinya berumur sepuluh tahun) = angka sebagai complement.

4) Selain digunakan setelah “be”, complement juga bisa digunakan setelah “linking verb” (seem, become) Contoh: “We become close friends.”

5) Complement juga bisa digunakan setelah object dari sebuah clause. Contoh: “The lecture is making me sleepy.” sleepy = complement.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on June 11, 2012