Tag Archives: comparison

#EngClass: Participial adjective – Comparative and superlative

Hello hey ho, fellas! Still following our previous discussion on ‘participial adjective’, we will talk about stating degrees of comparison.

Degrees of comparison are used when we compare one thing/person with another. There are three degrees of comparison:

  • positive,
  • comparative, and
  • superlative.

Comparative degree of comparison

Let’s start with the comparative degree. The comparative degree is used to compare
two persons or things having the same quality.

To form the comparative degree of adjectives, we usually add -er to adjective with two or less syllables. Example:

  • Taller
  • Lighter
  • Nicer

However, when forming the comparative degree of participial adjectives, we use the
word ‘more.’ Example:

Participial adjective

Comparative

Boring

More boring

Bored

More bored

Tiring

More tiring

Tired

More tired

Alarming

More alarming

Alarmed

More alarmed

 

More example:

Participial adjective

WRONG

Comparative

Relaxing

relaxinger

more relaxing

Relaxed

relaxeder

more relaxed

Interesting

interestinger

more interesting

Interested

interesteder

more interested

Confusing

confusinger

more confusing

Confused

confuseder

more confused

Superlative degree of comparison

Moving on to the superlative degree of adjective. Superlative degree denotes the existence of the highest degree of the quality. The superlative degree of adjective is used to single out one person or thing from all the rest.

To form the superlative degree of adjectives, we usually add ‘-est’ to adjective with
two or less syllables. Example:

  • Tallest
  • Lightest
  • Nicest

However, when forming the superlative degree of participial adjectives, we use the
word ‘most.
Example:

Participial adjective

Superlative

Boring

Most boring

Bored

Most bored

Tiring

Most tiring

Tired

Most tired

Alarming

Most alarming

Alarmed

Most alarmed

More example:

Participial adjective

WRONG

Comparative

Relaxing

relaxingest

Most relaxing

Relaxed

relaxedest

Most relaxed

Interesting

interestingest

Most interesting

Interested

interestedest

Most interested

Confusing

confusingest

Most confusing

Confused

confusedest

Most confused

 

That’s a wrap, fellas! I hope the explanation was clear enough. However, if you have any question on the topic, feel free to leave a message in the comment box.

 

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, April 8, 2017

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

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#EngClass: Degree words

Coba perhatikan contoh percakapan di bawah ini.

You: Hey, how was the movie? Was it any good?

A friend: It was absolutely perfect!

Apa maksud dari absolutely perfect? Apakah kalian suka menggunakan frasa ini untuk menjelaskan sesuatu?

Kata absolutely merupakan salah satu contoh dari degree words. Apa itu degree words?

Pengertian degree words

Degree word digunakan untuk menjawab pertanyaan How (Bagaimana), How far (Seberapa jauh), atau How much (Berapa banyak).

Sama halnya dengan adverb (kata keterangan), yang mana digunakan untuk menerangkan adjective (kata sifat), adverb, verb (kata kerja), degree word digunakan untuk mengungkapkan ide atau kualitas suatu hal, dengan skala (scale) dari positif ke negatif.

Seperti pada contoh dalam dialog di awal tadi, absolutely perfect menunjukkan bahwa film tadi teramat sangat bagus (sempurna). Frasa tersebut juga mengungkapkan nilai positif dari film yang mereka tonton.

Di bawah ini adalah beberapa contoh degree word yang menunjukkan nilai suatu hal dari skala positif ke negatif.

  1. Absolutely perfect!
  2. Really excellent.
  3. Very good indeed.
  4. Very good.
  5. Good.
  6. Quite good.
  7. Fairly good.
  8. Not very good.
  9. Rather poor.
  10. Bad.
  11. Very bad.
  12. Extremely bad.
  13. Utterly dreadful!

Pada contoh, nomor 1 berada di posisi paling positif (teramat sangat bagus), sementara nomor 13 berada di posisi paling negatif (teramat sangat menyedihkan).

Scales of degree

Scales of degree mengacu pada skala derajat (degree) dari degree word. Scales of degree dibagi ke dalam 3 kelompok, yaitu

  1. The highest degree, yang meliputi kata completely, totally, quite, entirely, absolutely, altogether, dan utterly.
    • Contoh:
      • absolutely perfect.
  2. The high degree, yang terdiri dari kata very, much, very much, a lot, extremely, considerably, dan a great deal.
    • Contoh:
      • very nice.
  3. The middle/low degree yang terdiri dari kata quite, rather, (a) little, slightly, fairly, somewhat. Informal: pretty,  dan a bit.
    • Contoh:
      • pretty good.

Menggunakan degree word

Bagaimana cara menggunakan degree word? Biasanya, degree word kita gunakan sebelum adjective, adverb, comparative word (better, nicer, etc).

  • Contoh penggunaan sebelum adjective:
    • absolutely perfect
    • very nice,
    • pretty good.
  • Contoh pengunaan sebelum adverb:
    • extremely loudly
    •  quite often
    • a bit slowly.
  • Contoh penggunaan sebelum comparative word:
    • totally better
    • much younger
    • a little more.

Dalam penggunaannya, degree word selalu diletakkan sebelum adjective, adverb, atau comparative word, kecuali untuk kata “enough.” Kata tersebut selalu diletakkan setelah kata yang dijelaskan.

  • Contoh:
    • good enough (cukup baik)
    • often enough (cukup sering).

 

Exercise

  1. So… How was your Friday so far?
  2. Have you watched The Dark Knight Rises? How was it?
  3. How far is Sabang to Merauke?
  4. How much time do you spend on Twitter every day?
  5. How do you think your future will be?

 

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Friday, August 10, 2012

Related post(s):

^MD