Tag Archives: comparative

#EngClass: Participial adjective – Comparative and superlative

Hello hey ho, fellas! Still following our previous discussion on ‘participial adjective’, we will talk about stating degrees of comparison.

Degrees of comparison are used when we compare one thing/person with another. There are three degrees of comparison:

  • positive,
  • comparative, and
  • superlative.

Comparative degree of comparison

Let’s start with the comparative degree. The comparative degree is used to compare
two persons or things having the same quality.

To form the comparative degree of adjectives, we usually add -er to adjective with two or less syllables. Example:

  • Taller
  • Lighter
  • Nicer

However, when forming the comparative degree of participial adjectives, we use the
word ‘more.’ Example:

Participial adjective

Comparative

Boring

More boring

Bored

More bored

Tiring

More tiring

Tired

More tired

Alarming

More alarming

Alarmed

More alarmed

 

More example:

Participial adjective

WRONG

Comparative

Relaxing

relaxinger

more relaxing

Relaxed

relaxeder

more relaxed

Interesting

interestinger

more interesting

Interested

interesteder

more interested

Confusing

confusinger

more confusing

Confused

confuseder

more confused

Superlative degree of comparison

Moving on to the superlative degree of adjective. Superlative degree denotes the existence of the highest degree of the quality. The superlative degree of adjective is used to single out one person or thing from all the rest.

To form the superlative degree of adjectives, we usually add ‘-est’ to adjective with
two or less syllables. Example:

  • Tallest
  • Lightest
  • Nicest

However, when forming the superlative degree of participial adjectives, we use the
word ‘most.
Example:

Participial adjective

Superlative

Boring

Most boring

Bored

Most bored

Tiring

Most tiring

Tired

Most tired

Alarming

Most alarming

Alarmed

Most alarmed

More example:

Participial adjective

WRONG

Comparative

Relaxing

relaxingest

Most relaxing

Relaxed

relaxedest

Most relaxed

Interesting

interestingest

Most interesting

Interested

interestedest

Most interested

Confusing

confusingest

Most confusing

Confused

confusedest

Most confused

 

That’s a wrap, fellas! I hope the explanation was clear enough. However, if you have any question on the topic, feel free to leave a message in the comment box.

 

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, April 8, 2017

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

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#GrammarTrivia: Comparative forms – ‘healthier’ or ‘more healthy’?

Hello, fellas. I’d like to start the article with a little story.

So, the admin happens to be working as a copywriter in an advertising agency. Writing and editing texts are part of my daily task.

Recently, I had to face an assignment which triggered an interesting debate even among my co-workers. That problem is: Should we use  ‘healthier’ or ‘more healthy’? Which one is the correct answer?

I personally noticed that both forms are common. Some texts use ‘healthier,’ while some other use ‘more healthy.’ My boss – an Australian who is a native English speaker – thinks that ‘healthier’ should be the way to go. But another co-worker thinks that ‘more healthy’ has a more comfortable feel to it. It gets even crazier as my client thinks there should always be a ‘more’ to every comparative forms! Torn between different opinion, I decided to do a small research. Turns out that there is a controversy on how to use it.

If we are referring to dictionaries like Oxford or Collins, ‘healthier’ is the way to do it. We are also familiar with the rule that stated that words with single syllable uses ‘-er.’

Does this mean that ‘more healthy’ is simply a common mistake that everyone had accustomed to? I remember an opinion stating “English is a language of exception” – because there are always exceptions in every rule. GMAT exercise books such as one published by Manhattan stated that ‘more healthy’ is the correct form. (Yes, this is the part where my head feels like exploding).

In the end, I found an interesting conclusion stating that both are actually correct. We use ‘more healthy’ when we try to add emphasis to the context. Example:

  • “Milk is healthy, skim milk is healthier, and soya milk is even more healthy.”

‘Healthier’ also tends to show up in conversational instead of written English.

Now what to do? To play it safe, I decided to go with ‘healthier.’ But we must keep in mind that language develops. Especially in oral language where the rule tends to be more fluid.

Extra

“In that case, which one is correct: funner, or more fun?” – @catwomanizer

6XpHc

The word ‘fun’ itself has an informal tone in it. For formal use, ‘pleasure’ is more common.

Phew, language learning can often get a little complicated. When in doubt, refer to dictionary. But remember that sometimes there is an exception to a rule. Just like how the British had started to embrace ‘realize.’

Sources: Oxford Learners Dictionary

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 21, 2014

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^MQ

#EngClass: Degrees of comparison

Tingkat perbandingan

Ada 3 jenis tingkat perbandingan (degress of comparison) dalam bahasa Inggris, yaitu:

  1. Positive degree, digunakan ketika kita hanya membicarakan satu orang atau satu hal saja. Jadi, dalam satu kalimat hanya menyebutkan satu kata benda (dalam hal ini rumah/bunga).
    •  Contoh:
      • “This house is big.” (Rumah ini besar.)
      • “This flower is beautiful.” (Bunga ini indah.)
  2. Comparative degree digunakan ketika kita membandingkan dua orang atau dua hal.
    •  Contoh:
      • This house is bigger than that one.” (Rumah ini lebih besar dari rumah itu.)
      • This flower is more beautiful than that.” (Bunga ini lebih indah dari bunga itu.)
  3. Superlative degree digunakan ketika kita membandingkan satu orang/hal dengan minimal dua orang/hal lainnya.
    •  Contoh:
      • “This is the biggest house in this street.” (Rumah ini adalah rumah terbesar di jalan ini.)
      • “This flower is the most beautiful one in this garden.” (Bunga ini adalah bunga terindah di taman ini.)

 

Menyatakan perbandingan

Bagaimana dengan aturan tingkat perbandingan untuk adjective yang terdiri dari satu suku kata?

  1. Untuk adjective dengan 1 suku kata berakhiran konsonan-vokal-konsonan, tambahkan [-er] konsonan terakhir untuk membentuk comparative degree atau [-est] untuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh :
      • fat: fatter – (the) fattest
      • big: bigger – (the) biggest
  2. Untuk adjective dengan 1 suku kata yang berakhiran [-e], cukup tambahkan [-r] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [-st] untuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh:
      • large: larger – (the) largest
      • nice: nicer – (the) nicest
  3. Cukup tambahkan [-er] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [-est] untuk membentuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh:
      • small: smaller –  (the) smallest
      • light: lighter – (the) lightest
  4. Untuk adjective dengan 2 suku kata, di depan kata tersebut tambahkan [more] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [most] untuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh:
      • boring: more boring(the) most boring
      • pleasant: more pleasant(the) most pleasant
  5. Untuk adjective dengan 2 suku kata berakhiran [-y], ganti [-y] dengan [-i] lalu tambahkan [-er] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [-est] untuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh:
      • friendly: friendlier – (the) friendliest
      • happy: happier – (the) happiest
  6. Terdapat adjective dengan 2 suku kata yang menggunakan penambahan [-er] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [-est] untuk superlativedegree  sebagai akhirannya.
    • Contoh:
      • narrow: narrower – (the) narrowest
      • clever: cleverer – (the) cleverest
      • gentle: gentler – (the) gentlest
  7. Jika kalian tidak yakin bentuk mana yang harus digunakan untuk adjective dengan 2 suku kata, maka bisa gunakan [more] dan [most]. Karena penggunaan [more] dan [most] sudah semakin banyak diterima untuk adjective dengan 2 suku kata.
    • Contoh:
      • simple: more simple/simpler – (the) most simplest/(the) simplest. (Namun jangan gabungkan penggunaan [more/most] dengan [-er/-est]. Pilih salah satu saja.)
  8. Untuk adjective dengan 3 suku kata/lebih, di depan kata tambahkan [more] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [most] untuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh :
      • beautiful: more beautiful / (the) most beautiful
      • interesting: more interesting / (the) most interesting
  9. Di samping semua yang sudah disebutkan di atas, ada juga irregular adjectives yang memang harus kita hafal.
    • Contoh :
      • good (well): better – (the) best
      • bad: worse – (the) worst
      • little: less – (the) least
      • much, many: more – (the) most
      • far: farther/further – (the) farthest/ furthest
      • old: older, elder – (the) oldest, eldest
  10. Ada beberapa adjective yang tidak memiliki bentuk positif, hanya comparative dan superlative.
    • Contoh :
      • inner: (the) inmost, innermost
      • outer: (the) outmost, outermost
      • utter: (the) utmost, uttermost
      • upper: (the) upmost, uppermost