Tag Archives: common

#EngTrivia: Common mistakes and confusing words in English (3)

In this post, I’ll share a few pairs of words which might confuse you sometimes. We’ll see how one different or extra letter could make a huge change.

‘Aisle’ vs. ‘isle’

Aisle (n). Meaning: a passage between rows of seats, lorong, gang.

  • Example:
    • “Where can I find ketchup? They’re at the next aisle.”

Isle (n). Meaning: a small island, pulau kecil.

  • Example:
    • “He invited me to a new isle he just bought, but I dare not go.”
aisle
Aisle
isle
Isle

 

‘Along’ vs. ‘a long’

Along (prep). Meaning: Over the length of, di sepanjang.

  • Example:
    • “He held my hand as we walk along the beach.”

A long (Adj). Meaning: something of great length, panjang.

  • Example:
    • A long hair is hard to maintain.”
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Along
PhotoGrid_1375620830373
Long

‘Bazaar’ vs. ‘bizzare’

Bazaar (n). Meaning: a market, pasar, pasar dadakan.

  • Example:
    • “The faculty held a bazaar last week and all the proceed will go to the poor.”

Bizarre (adj). Meaning: strange, odd, aneh.

  • Example:
    • “I found this bizarre tomato on the net last night.”

 

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Bazaar
PhotoGrid_1375621027030
Bizarre

‘Breach’ vs. ‘breech’

Breach (v/n). Meaning: to break through, to break a rule, melanggar, menerobos, pelanggaran.

  • Example:
    • “Someone breached through the farm last night and stole a cow.”

Breech (n). Meaning: buttocks, rear part of a gun, bokong, lubang untuk mengisi peluru di senapan.

 

breach of contract
Breach
breech-loade_26813_lg
Breech

‘Cue’ vs. ‘queue’

Cue (n). Meaning: Signal, wooden rod, billiard stick, signal, tanda, tongkat billiard.

  • Example:
    • “Stay here and wait for my cue!”

Queue (n/v). Meaning: a line, to wait in line, antrian, mengantri.

  • Example:
    • “There’s a long queue outside the store, people are lining up for free phones.”

 

 

photogrid_1375626131236
Cue
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Queue

‘Envelop’ vs. ‘envelope’

Envelop (v). Meaning: to cover, to surround, menyelimuti, menyelubungi.

  • Example:
    • “The baby is enveloped in the green blanket to keep him warm.”

Envelope (n). Meaning: paper container for a letter, amplop.

  • Example:
    • “Someone left an plain envelope with some money inside. Whose could it be?”
th
Envelop
6281b-envelope
Envelope

 

‘Forbear’ vs. ‘forebear’

Forbear (v). Meaning: to refrain, to hold back, bersabar, menahan diri.

  • Example:
    • “You need to forbear crying until he leaves.”

Forebear (n). Meaning: ancestor, forefather, leluhur, nenek moyang.

  • Example:
    • “Our forebears are said to be sailors.”

‘Pole’ vs. ‘poll’

Pole (n). Meaning: a long piece of wood or iron, axis of a sphere, tongkat, kutub.

  • Example:
    • “The ice is melting at the North Pole due to global warming.”

Poll (n). Meaning: number of votes cast or recorded, jajak pendapat, pemilihan suara.

  • Example:
    • “A recent poll shows people are growing tired of the traffic jam in Jakarta.”
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Pole
PhotoGrid_1375622682583
Poll

‘Sight’ vs. ‘site’

Sight (n). Meaning: the ability to see, a view, pengelihatan, pemandangan.

  • Example:
    • “The sight of his wife brought him back to reality.”

Site (n). Meaning: a location, tempat.

  • Example:
    • “Her job is to visit construction sites everyday.”
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Sight
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Site

‘Storey’ vs. ‘story’

Storey (n). Meaning: Level or floor of building, tingkat, lantai.

  • Example:
    • “They’re building a new eight storey building right next to the mall.”

Story (n). http://twitpic.com/d6h92r Meaning: a tale, cerita, kisah.

  • Example:
    • “He changed his story when his wife questioned him.”
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Storey
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Story

And that’s a wrap, fellas! I hope this #EngTrivia article could help sort out your confusion on those words.

 

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on August 13, 2013

 

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#EngTrivia: ETAOIN SRHLDCU

Tell us, what are the most common words or letter that you have heard in English all this time?

So fellas here are some English words that you think are most common heard:

@raafian@13njet@Princess_destii said “The”

@ErhansJulianto said “Yes”

@budib5n said “Good morning”

@onnaRP said “hi” or “hello” 

@fitriananaa said “stop” 

@yth_bikor said “Drowsy”

@Andriandriant said “the most common heard english word that I’ve heard this week is “catalyst” cz I work in the lab”

@MonicaJenni said “eat”

@saniarickmono said “Thanks”

Now that you have shared some, have you heard of “ETAOIN SRHLDCU” or “ETAOIN SHRDLU”?

Looking from the responses, it seems fellas haven’t heard of it.

Quoting from http://stancarey.wordpress.com/2013/01/07/etaoin-srhldcu-or-what-are-the-most-common-words-and-letters-in-english/ …

“ETAOIN SRHLDU” is the nonsense string that used to appear in print because of early-20thC printer design and now serves as shorthand for the most popular letters.

No wonder it sounds a bit odd isn’t it? And of course, they are not words indeed.

She stated that, different studies have shown different results on the most used letters and words in English. Yet Google’s director of research Peter Norvig used the vast data from the Google Books corpus (over 743 billion words), found this:

Which violates ETAOIN SHRDLU only slightly, becoming ETAOIN SRHLDCU. pic.twitter.com/nuxl5VBnyX

peter-norvig-english-language-letter-count-frequency-table

The 50 most common words, in order of frequency, are: the, of, and, to, in, a, is, that, for, it, as, was, with, be, by, on, not, he, I, this, are, or, his, from, at, which, but, have, an, had, they, you, were, there, one, all, we, can, her, has, there, been, if, more, when, will, would, who, so, no.

As you said previously, “the” is the most commonly heard English word indeed :)

So, what do you think fellas? Interesting isn’t it? If you want to read more about it you can go here http://norvig.com/mayzner.html 

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on March 19, 2013

#EngClass: English Common Mistakes (3)

  1. When ‘wait’ is followed by an indirect project, we have to use the preposition ‘for.’ It should be “wait for somethingnot “wait something.”
    • Example:
      • “I waited for the postman but he never came.”
  2. ‘Inform’ must have a direct object. It should be “inform someone about/of something.”
    • Example:
      • “I’m writing to inform you that I’m leaving,” not “I’m writing to inform that I’m leaving.”
  3. ‘Attend’ means to go to an event/place etc and it’s never followed by ‘to.’
    • It should be:
      • attend an event/place,” notattend to an event/place.”
  4. ‘Could’ is followed by an infinitive verb without ‘to.’
    • You should say:
      • could do something,” notcould to do something.”
  5. ‘Discuss’ is never followed by ‘about.’
    • It should be:
      • “We need to discuss our project,” not “We need to discuss about our project.”
  6. When ‘participate’ is followed by a direct object, always use the preposition ‘in.’
    • Example:
      • “Nia participates in a lot of English competitions.”
  7. When ‘provide’ is followed by an indirect object, always use the preposition ‘with.’
    • Example:
      • “Could you provide us with a list of hotels?”
  8. When ‘search’ has an indirect preposition, use the preposition ‘for.’
    • Example:
      • “Henry is still searching for his lost keys.”
  9. ‘Seek’ is not followed by a preposition.
    • Example:
      • “I went to the beach seeking inspiration.”
  10. ‘Succeed’ is usually followed by the preposition “in.
    • Example:
      • “I hope you’ll succeed in your new job.”

 

Compiled and written by @iisumarni at @EnglisTips4U on Thusrday, November 15, 2012

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#EngQuiz: common mistakes in English

Rules: for each number, choose the right sentence/the one you think more natural; don’t forget to mention the question’s number.

  1. a) The Indonesian hymn is called “Indonesia Raya.” b) The Indonesian national anthem is called “Indonesia Raya.”
  2. a) The class is so exciting! b) The class is so excited! c) The class is so excitable!
  3. a) I’m 20 years. b) I’m 20 years old.
  4. a) I’d rather dying than living alone. b) I’d rather die than living along. c) I’d rather be dying than living alone.
  5. a) I didn’t see anyone last night. b) I didn’t see any one last night.
  6. a) We talked about a lot of things. b) We discussed about a lot of things.
  7. a) My house is near with the park. b) My house is near the park.
  8. a) Ayu is married with Angga. b) Ayu is married to Angga.
  9. a) Can you borrow me your English books? b) Can you lend me your English books?
  10. a) Almost Indonesian people eat rice. b) Most Indonesian people eat rice.
  11. a) He has returned to his homeland. b) He has returned back to his homeland. c) He has returned again to his homeland.
  12. a) What’s your favorite pastime activity? b) What’s your favorite pastime?
  13. a) The screw is a little bit lose. b) The screw is a little bit loose. c) The screw is a little bit loss.
  14. a) She may be the nicest girl I’ve ever met. b) She maybe the nicest girl I’ve ever met.
  15. a) I always get ashamed when I speak in front of the class. b) I always get embarrassed when I speak in front of the class.

ANSWER KEY and explanation:

  1. Jawaban: “national anthem” yang artinya “lagu kebangsaan”, bukan “hymn” yang artinya “hymne” (nyanyian pujian).
  2. Jawaban: “exciting” yang artinya “menarik”, bukan “excited” yang artinya “tertarik”/”excitable” yang artinya “mudah tertarik”.
  3. Ketika mengatakan umur, selalu gunakan frase “… (jumlah tahun) years old”. “years” saja menyatakan durasi/lama sesuatu berlangsung.
  4. a) Salah karena tidak ada “verb” (be). b) Salah karena “die” dan “living” (bentuk Verb-nya) tidak pararel. c) Benar karena ada “be” + pararel.
  5. Jawaban: “anyone” yang artinya “siapa pun”, bukan “any one” yang artinya “siapa saja di antara” (misal: any one of you).
  6. Jawaban: “talk about” (membicarakan) karena “discuss” memiliki arti yang sama dengan “talk about”, jadi “about” tidak lagi dibutuhkan.
  7. Jawaban: “near” (dekat). Dalam menggunakan preposition ini, “with” tidak dibutuhkan karena near” sudah berarti “dekat dengan”.
  8. Jawaban: “married to” (menikah dengan). Salah contoh prepositional verb (verb + preposition) di mana pasangannya tidak dapat diganggugugat.
  9. Jawaban: “lend” yang artinya “meminjamkan”, bukan “borrow” yang artinya “meminjam”. “Bisakah kamu meminjamkan buku Bahasa Inggrismu?”
  10. Jawaban: “most”, bukan “almost” karena “almost” harus diikuti dulu oleh angka/quantifier (misal: almost 90% of Indonesian people).
  11. Jawaban: “return”, karena “return” sendiri artinya sudah “kembali lagi”, jadi “back”/”again” tidak dibutuhkan.
  12. Jawaban: “pastime”, karena “pastime” sendiri artinya adalah “kegiatan/aktivitas di waktu luang”, jadi kata “activity” tidak dibutuhkan.
  13. Jawaban: “loose” yang artinya “longgar” – adjective (sekrupnya longgar), bukan “lose” (kehilangan – verb)/”loss” (kehilangan – noun).
  14. Jawaban: “may be” yang artinya “mungkin adalah”, bukan “maybe” karena jika memilih “maybe” maka clause “She..” tidak memiliki verb.
  15. Jawaban: “get embarrassed” (merasa malu), karena jika menggunakan “ashamed” harusnya dengan “be”/linking verb (misal: feel ashamed).

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on June 18, 2012

#EngClass: Common mistakes in English (2)

Sebelumnya, kita sempat membahas tentang common mistakes in English, yang bisa dibaca di sini Common Mistakes in English.

Common mistakes adalah kesalahan penulisan/pengejaan/spelling atau pun kesalahan penggunaan kata/jenis kata. Disadari atau tidak, kita tentu pernah mengalami hal ini. Dalam proses belajar, melakukan kesalahan adalah hal wajar. Tapi apa gunanya belajar kalau selalu mengulangi kesalahan yang sama?

‘Advice’ vs. ‘advise’

Yang mana yang benar? Keduanya benar, tapi artinya berbeda. Advice’ adalah noun yang berarti anjuran, sedangkan ‘advise’ adalah verb yang berarti menganjurkan.

Contoh:

  • “I need your advice.” (Saya memerlukan anjuran/nasehatmu.)
  • “She advised me that.” (Dia menganjurkan saya hal itu.)

‘Dead’ vs. ‘death’ vs. ‘die’

‘Dead’ (adjective) memiliki arti mati/meninggal. ‘Death’ (noun) berarti kematian, sedangkan die’ (verb) berarti mati/meninggal.

Contoh:

  • “The dog is dead.” (Anjing itu mati.)
  • “It was a sudden death.” (Kematiannya mendadak.)
  • “The King has died.” (Raja telah meninggal.)

‘Complaint’ vs. ‘complain’

‘Complaint’ adalah noun yang berarti keluhan/pengaduan, sedangkan ‘complain’ adalah verb yang memiliki arti mengeluh/mengadu (suatu masalah pada yang berwenang).

Contoh:

  • “I filed a complaint with him.” (Saya mengajukan keluhan padanya.)
  • “He complained about the food.” (Dia mengeluh tentang makanan.)

‘Remember’ vs. ‘remind’

Serupa tapi tak sama ya? Keduanya kata tersebut adalah verb. ‘Remember’ memiliki arti mengingat, sedangkan ‘remind’ adalah mengingatkan.

Contoh:

  • “I remember this song.” (Aku ingat lagu ini.)
  • “Please remind me to pick you up.” (Tolong ingatkan aku untuk menjemputmu.)

‘Borrow’ vs. ‘lend’

Keduanya adalah verb. Borrow’ berarti pinjam/meminjam, sedangkan ‘lend’ adalah meminjamkan.

Contoh:

  • “Can I borrow your pen?” (Bisa saya pinjam pulpenmu?)
  • “He lent me his pen.” (Dia meminjamkanku pulpennya. ‘Lent’ adalah bentuk v2 dari ‘lend’)

‘Reply’ vs. ‘replay’

Feeling familiar? Keduanya merupakan verb. ‘Reply’ berarti membalas dan ‘replay’ artinya adalah memainkan kembali/ulang.

Contoh:

  • “Did she reply your text?” (Apa dia membalas SMSmu?)
  • “They replayed the match.” (Mereka memainkan kembali pertandingannya.)

‘Loose’ vs. ‘lose’

Beda penulisan menyebabkan perbedaab arti. ‘Loose’ (adjective) berarti longgar, sedangkan lose’ (verb) adalah kehilangan.

Contoh:

  • “She loves loose clothes.” (Dia suka pakaian yg longgar.)
  • “I lost my mobile!” (Ponselku hilang! Lost adalah bentuk v2 dari ‘lose’)

‘Quite’ vs. ‘quiet’

‘Quite’ (adverb) berarti agak/cukup, sedangkan quiet’ (adjective) berarti sepi/tenang. Contoh:

  • “The test is quite difficult.” (Ujiannya cukup sulit.)
  • “It’s very quiet in here.” (Sepi/tenang sekali di sini.)

‘Your’ vs. ‘you’re’

‘Your’ (possessive adjective) memiliki arti milikmu/kepunyaanmu, sedangkan ‘you’re’ adalah singkatan dari ‘you + are.’

Contoh:

  • “Is this your bag?” (Apa ini tasmu?)
  • A: Thanks. (Terima kasih) | B: You’re welcome. (Kembali.)

‘Thanks God’ vs. ‘Thank God’ — ‘Thank you, God’ vs. ‘Thanks, God’

Semua frasa di atas benar, kecuali “Thanks God.”

Contoh:

  • Thank God it’s Friday!” (Syukurlah hari ini hari Jumat!) bukan “Thanks God it’s Friday!

Setelah diperhatikan, ternyata supaya terhindar dari common mistakes, kita harus juga memperbanyak perbendaharaan kata (vocabulary) kita. Caranya? Banyak membaca, mendengar, membiasakan diri kita dengan Bahasa Inggris. Slow but sure yang penting continue ya. Semangat!

 

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, February 6, 2012

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#EngTrivia: Common mistakes in English

Berikut merupakan beberapa kesalahan umum penggunaan kata yang sering terjadi ketika menggunakan Bahasa Inggris:

A lot of, ‘lots of,‘ ‘a lot

A lot of dan ‘lots of banyak digunakan dalam Bahasa Inggris informal. Keduanya berarti banyak atau beberapa.

  • Contoh:
    • “I need a lot of water to drink.”
    • “Marisa likes lots of chocolate on her toast.”

A lot yang berarti sangat, digunakan di akhir kalimat.

  • Contoh:
    • “They like dancing a lot.”

Enough

‘Enough’ memiliki arti ‘cukup.’ Jika ‘enough’ berfungsi menjelaskan kata sifat (adjective) atau kata keterangan (adverb) maka ‘enough’ diletakkan setelah kata-kata tersebut.

  • Contoh:
    • “Roy is strong enough to lift that weight.”

Jika ‘enough’ berfungsi menerangkan kata benda (noun) maka penggunaannya diletakkan sebelum kata benda tersebut.

  • Contoh:
    • “I don’t have enough money to buy that book.”

‘A little/little’ vs ‘a few/few’

A little’ dan ‘little’ digunakan untuk non-countable noun dan dalam bentuk tunggal.

  • Contoh:
    • “Mom has put a little sugar into my tea.”
    • “There is little milk left in the jug.”

A few’ dan ‘few’ digunakan untuk countable noun dan dalam bentuk jamak.

  • Contoh:
    • “Dennis has few friends in Surabaya.”
    • “There are a few things that you need to understand.”

‘Most,’ ‘the most,‘, ‘mostly’

‘Most’ tanpa ‘the’ digunakan sebagai kata sifat (adjective) yang berarti hampir semua, sebagian besar.

  • Contoh:
    • “Henry ate most of the pizzas from the party yesterday.”

‘Most’ tanpa ‘the’ juga berarti paling jika terletak sebelum kata keterangan (adverb).

  • Contoh:
    • “That company uses computers most effectively.”

The most’ paling umum digunakan untuk menyatakan ‘paling’, biasanya terletak sebelum kata sifat (adjective).

  • Contoh:
    • “He is the most gorgeous man I’ve ever seen.”

‘Mostly’, tidak sering digunakan, merupakan kata keterangan (adverb) yang berarti:

  1. biasanya.
    • Contoh:
      • We mostly go to the sport center on Sunday afternoon.
  2. pada umumnya, sebagian besar.
    • Contoh:
      • “My friends in this group are mostly highly motivated people.”

 

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, November 22, 2011

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