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#GrammarTrivia: Due to vs. Because of (REVISIT)

This topic might be one of the most frequently asked questions that we have ever received. What is the difference between ‘due to’ and ‘because of?’

@ridhoansyori: KINDLY. SOMEONE. EXPLAIN. PLS

Take a look at these two sentences
– Her headache was due to the noise coming from upstairs.
– She had a headache because of the noise coming from upstairs.

person people woman hand
Photo by Public Domain Pictures on Pexels.com

On sentence 1, there is the noun ‘her headache’ and the linking verb ‘was.’ To make sentence 1 a complete sentence, we need a complement. The phrase ‘due to the noise coming from upstairs’ is this complement.

“Her headache                  was                                        due to the noise coming from upstairs.”
Subject                               linking verb                         complement

 

On sentence 2, the subject is ‘she.’ The predicate is ‘had a headache.’

If we write it only as ‘she had a headache,’ the sentence will still be complete. We want to introduce the reason WHY she had a headache. So, we add ‘because of the noise coming from upstairs.’

Although sentence 1 & 2 are similar, sentence 1 was actually meant to say that there was a noise from upstairs and her headache came as a RESULT to this noise.

Meanwhile, sentence 2 explained that THE REASON she had a headache was that noise coming from upstairs.

 

Are you still unsure, fellas? Let’s take the following exercise.

a. My brother’s success is ______ his hard work.
b. My brother is a successful person ______ his hard work.
c. She failed ______ not studying.
d. Her failure was ______ not studying.

@dindaaark: a. Due to. b. Because of. c. Because of. d. Due to.
@notevennurul: A. Due to. B. Because of. C. Because of. D. Due to.
@cynthiatika: a, d : due to. b, c : because of.

 

Answers:
a & d: due to
‘My brother’s success’ came as a result of ‘his hard work.’
‘Her failure’ came as a result of ‘not studying.’

b & c: because of
‘His hard work’ is the reason why ‘my brother is a successful person.’
‘Not studying’ is the reason why ‘she failed.’

 

A couple of tips to decide when to use ‘due to’ and ‘because of’:

‘Due to’ is an adjectival phrase. It gives more detail to the noun. It identifies the result of an event. It always comes after linking verb ‘be’ (is, am, are, was, were, will be, etc.).

‘Because of’ is an adverbial phrase. It gives more detail to the verb. It identifies the reason why something happens. It always comes after subject + verb.

 

Q: @magnifician: Di kamus cambridge online, “due to” bisa menggantikan “because of”, min (contoh kedua)

due to

A: Benar. Namun, contoh kedua lebih tepat jika menggunakan ‘because of.’ Ini versi admin:
A lot of her unhappiness is due to boredom. She is unhappy because of boredom.
The bus’ delay was due to heavy snow. The bus was delayed because of heavy snow.

Q: @magnifician: Ini contoh lainnya…

due to 2

A: Seperti penjelasan admin sebelumnya, ‘due to’ memberi keterangan pada subjek, sehingga jika sudah menggunakan ‘due to,’ frasa yang mengandung verba bisa tidak dicantumkan.
The game’s cancellation was due to adverse weather conditions.
Her five days of work was due to illness.
The captain’s withdrawal from the match was due to injury.
Kalimat 2 & 3 sudah tepat menggunakan ‘due to.’

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 13 June, 2018.


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#EngClass: Because, for, since, as, because of, due to

Pada dasarnya, “because”, “because of”,due to“, “since”, dan “as” adalah kata penghubung (conjunction) yang digunakan pada kalimat sebab-akibat. Kesemuanya punya arti serupa, yaitu “karena”.

Because

“Because” digunakan untuk menghubungkan induk kalimat dan anak kalimat, sehingga biasanya setelah penggunaan ‘because’ diikuti oleh klausa (terdiri dari S + V). “Because” juga digunakan ketika ingin menekankan pada sebab sesuatu terjadi, biasanya penyebab tersebut merupakan informasi baru, belum diketahui banyak orang.

Contoh:

  • He blushed because he knew he had been caught out. (Klausa: he knew …)

For

Kata “because” dan “for” memiliki maksud yang sama. Akan tetapi “because” bersifat lebih formal daripada “for”. “For” tidak pernah digunakan di awal kalimat.

Since, as

Sementara itu, “since” dan “as” digunakan jika penyebab sesuatu terjadi tersebut tidak begitu penting atau sudah diketahui banyak orang.

Contoh:

  • As it is raining again, we have to stay at home for a while.
  • Since it is raining again, we have to stay at home for a while.

Because of, due to

Because of dan due to biasanya diikuti oleh kata benda, berbeda dengan “because” yang harus diikuti klausa yang terdiri dari S + V.  “Because of” menerangkan kata kerja, sedangkan “due to” menerangkan kata benda dan biasanya diikuti oleh verb to be (is, am, are, was, were).

Contoh:

  • I lost my appetite because of a stomachache.
  • My loss of appetite was due to a stomachache.
Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, January 10, 2012

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