Tag Archives: auxiliary

#EngQuiz: ‘Can’ vs ‘be able to’

Hi, fellas! In this post, we’re doing an #EngQuiz on the usage of “can” vs “be able to” that we have discussed before. Choose the correct word or phrase to fill these sentences!

1. She has confirmed that she _____ attend the meeting tomorrow.
a. can
b. is able to
c. both are correct
Correct! We can use either “can” or “be able to” to talk about the ability to do something on a specific occasion in the future.
2. He said he stayed up late last night but he _____ write anything.
a. can’t
b. couldn’t
Correct! We can use the past form of either “can” or “be able to” in negative statements about something in the past.
 c. isn’t able to
d. weren’t able to
3. I _____ juggle up to four balls at a time.
a. can
b. am able to
c. both are correct
Correct! We can use either “can” or “be able to” in the present tense to talk about an ability to do things.
4. _____ win one of the doorprize back then?
a. Can you
b. Could you
c. Are you able to
d. Were you able to
Correct! We only use “was/were able to” to talk about something we succeeded in doing on a specific time in the past.
5. If the device is too hot, it _____ damage the battery.
a. can
Correct! We only use “can” or “could” in the present tense to talk about possibilities.
b. is able to
Nope!
c. both are correct
Nay!
6. I _____ crawl through that little gap between the bushes when I was a kid.
a. can
b. can’t
c. could
Correct! We can use either “could” or “was/were able to” to talk about an ability that someone doesn’t have anymore.
d. were able to

Compiled and written by @fafafin for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, January 19, 2017

 

#EngTrivia: “Can” vs “Be Able to”

In this post, we will talk about the use of “can” and “be able to”. “Can” and “be able to” are often interchangeable, but there are some occasions where only one of them is correct.

Both “can” and “be able to” is used:

1. In the present tense to talk about an ability to do things. In this case, “can” is more common, while “be able to” sounds more formal and less natural.

  • Example:
    • “I can play guitar.” ✔
    • “I am able to play guitar.” ✔
  1. To talk about the ability to do something on a specific occasion in the future.
  • Example:
    • “I can do the interview tomorrow.” ✔
    • “I am able to do the interview tomorrow.” ✔
    • “When I’m done writing this essay, we can hang out.” ✔
    • “When I’m done writing this essay, we will be able to hang out.” ✔

3. To talk about an ability that someone doesn’t have anymore.

  • Example:
    • “I could stay up until 3 AM when I was a student.” ✔
    • “I was able to stay up until 3 AM when I was a student.”✔

 

We only use “can” or “could” in the present tense to talk about possibilities.

  • Example:
    • “With that much preparation, I think they can win the academic bowl.” ✔
    • “With that much preparation, I think they are able to win the academic bowl.” ✖

 

We only use “was/were able to” to talk about something we succeeded in doing on a specific time in the past.

  • Example:
    • “I was able to sleep last night.” ✔
    • “I could sleep last night.” ✖

 

However, it is okay to use either “could not” or “was/were not able to” in negative statements about something the past.

  • Example:
    • “I couldn’t ride a bike when I was a teenager.” ✔
    • “I wasn’t able to ride a bike when I was a teenager.”✔
    • “We couldn’t get tickets to the premiere yesterday.” ✔
    • “We weren’t able to get tickets to the premiere yesterday.” ✔

 

By the way, you can read more about the usage of “can” vs. “could” as well as other modal auxiliary verbs in this article. Feel free to drop a comment if you have any question.

 

Compiled and written by @Fafafin for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, December 29, 2016

 

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^MQ

#EngClass: Modal auxiliary

The modal auxiliaries (singular: auxiliary) mencakup can, may, might, could, would, will, shall, must, should, ought to, used to.

Modal auxiliary digunakan untuk menunjukkan seberapa yakin kita akan suatu hal. Secara umum, modal auxilliary dapat dibedakan menjadi 2 kelompok, yaitu stronger and weaker.

Stronger and weaker adalah modal ausxilliary yang di gunakan ketika saat kita berada dalam kondisi tidak mengetahui kebenaran akan suatu hal. Terdapat beberapa contoh kalimat untuk memperjelas kondisi tersebut yang menggunakan beberapa jenis modal auxiliary.

  • “It will be Ana,”
  • “It must be Ana,”
  • “It should be Ana,”
  • “It may be Ana,”
  • “It might be Ana,”
  • “It could be Ana,”
  • “It won’t be Ana,”
  • “It can’t be Ana,” atau
  • “It couldn’t be Ana.”

Jika respon diurutkan, kalimat yang pertama paling yakin dan yang terakhir paling tidak yakin.

Berikut ini adalah beberapa jenis modal auxiliary beserta arti dan contoh penggunaannya dalam kalimat.

  1. ‘Can’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “The news about him can be true.”
    • Ability. Contoh:
      • “I can play the piano well.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You can go now,” my mother said.
  2. ‘May’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It may rain tonight.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You may go now,” my mother said.
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • May your dreams come true.”
  3. ‘Might’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It might rain tonight.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You might go now.” my mother said.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I might have won the game.”
  4. ‘Could’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It could rain tonight.”
    • Ability. Contoh:
      • “I could play the piano when I was six.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “My mother said I could go.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I could have won the game.”
  5. ‘Would’ memiliki arti:
    • Habit. Contoh:
      • “When I was six, I would go to my parents’ room and sleep there.”
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I wish it would rain tonight.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • “It would rain tonight.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I would have won the game.”
  6. ‘Will’ memiliki arti:
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I hope it will be fine.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • “It will rain tonight.”
  7. ‘Shall’ memiliki arti:
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I hope it shall be fine.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • Shall we go now?”
  8. ‘Must’ memiliki arti:
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You must finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It must be Ana.”
  9. ‘Should’ memiliki arti:
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I should have won the game.”
    • Tentative meaning. Contoh:
      • Should there be a problem, call me.”
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You should finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It should be Ana.”
  10. ‘Ought to’ memiliki arti:
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You ought to finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It ought to be Ana.”
  11. ‘Used to’ memiliki arti:
    • Past state or habit. Contoh:
      • “When I was six, I used to go to my parents’ room and sleep there.”

 

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, July 20, 2011

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