Tag Archives: adjective

#EngClass: Derivatives

Hello fellas, how was your day?

In this session we will discuss derivative which is a part of grammar in English language. There are several grammatical rules to apply when using English. Today, we will continue with ‘Derivatives.’

Derivatives are word that are derived from other words, which we call root words. Usually, derivatives are formed by adding an affix to the root words.
Let’s see the paragraph below:

At their first session, the lawyer asked Ed, “What things about this woman that attracted you?”
Ed replied, “Her forthrightness, straightforwardness, and frankness

Fellas, did you find any derivatives from that paragraph?
From that paragraph, the words ‘forthrightness,’ ‘straightforwardness,’ and ‘frankness’ are derivatives. Derivatives can also be nouns that we could change into adjectives or adverbs if we add suffix at the end of the words. However, there are some derivatives that still retain their meaning.

1. To form noun derivatives, we add suffixes like -ness, -ty, -hood, -ian, -cy, -er, -or, -sion, -ment, -tion, -ant, -ce, etc.
Happy – Happiness 
Child – Childhood

Dense – Density
Pregnant – Pregnancy
Good – Goodness

Comedy – Comedian
Assist – Assistance
Friend – Friendship 

2. To form adjective derivatives, we add suffixes like: -full, -less, -ish, -al, – cy, – ary, -able, -ous, -y, etc.
Blue – blueish
Boy – boyish
Help – helpless
Sun – sunny
Danger – dangerous

3. To form verb derivatives, we can add affixes like dis-, re-, -ize, a-, -fy. 
Like – dislike
Agree – disagree 
Check – recheck
Memory – memorize
Summary – summarize

4. Derivatives can also form ‘negative words’ or words that have the negative meaning of the root words. To form these derivatives, we add prefixes un-, in-, im-, etc.

complete – incomplete
happy – unhappy
direct – indirect
mortal – immortal

Sumber: Yulianto, Dian. (2018). Asyiknya Belajar Grammar Dari Kisah-Kisah Jenaka. Yogyakarta: DIVA press.

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, January 23, 2019

#GrammarTrivia: Possessives with Gerunds

adolescent blur child close up
“I love you singing” or “I love your singing?” Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com


We all have that one friend who sings beautifully, albeit never considering singing as a professional career. What should we say to compliment him/her? Do we say, “I love you singing,” or do we say, “I love your singing?” Which one is correct, fellas?

@ghaniginanjar: The second one. I love your singing.

@KushalRJoshi: Second one?

@endang_yl: I love your singing.

@XxKit_kat: The 2nd one ‘I love your singing’ = ‘I love the sound of your voice when you sing’.


On one fine afternoon, you and a friend are out for a walk. You pass a bus stop where a woman seems to be crying. Do you say to your friend, “Did you see that woman crying?” or do you say, “Did you see that woman’s crying?”

@Goyoomin: Did you see that woman crying?


So, what is the difference between these two situations? Why do we use the possessive form ‘your singing’ in the first example, but then we use ‘see that woman crying’ in the second example?

Let’s go back to what gerund is. Gerund is a verb that has transformed into and functions as a noun. Therefore, the way we use gerund should always be in line with the way we use a noun, including combining it with a possessive form.

If we see a sentence like the one in the first example, “I love your singing,” it’s very likely that the thing we love is ‘the singing that belong to you.’ ‘Singing‘ here is something owned by ‘you,’ or in other words, ‘your singing.’

What about the second example? Does it make sense if I modify the sentence into, “Did you see that crying woman?” Does the sentence still have the same meaning?

Crying‘ in the second example is not a gerund. It is in fact an adjective, modifying ‘that woman.’ Therefore, we do not need to use a possessive form like we did with the first example.

Two tips to determine whether a verb -ing should come with a possessive form or not:

  1. Check the object of our action. In the first example, is it the ‘you’ that you love or is it the ‘singing that belongs to you?’
  2. Try switching the sentence’s structure. Modifying the first sentence into ‘I love singing you’ does not quite make the same sense as modifying the second sentence into ‘Did you see that crying woman?’



  1. Do you mind (me/my) asking questions?
  2. No, not at all. I appreciate (you/your) coming to me.
  3. I heard about the (project/project’s) being cancelled.
  4. In fact, we anticipate the possibility of (it/its) succeeding.



  1. “Do you mind my asking questions?”
    – What will the other person mind about?
    The action ‘asking questions’ that belongs to the speaker. ‘Asking questions’ here is a gerund.
    – How could we modify the sentence into?
    The sentence could be modified into, “Do you mind asking me questions?” or “Do you mind asking my questions?” which does not have the same meaning as the primary sentence.
  2. “No, not at all. I appreciate your coming to me.”
    – What does the speaker appreciate?
    The action ‘coming to me’ that belongs to the interlocutor. ‘Coming to me’ here is a gerund.
    – How could we modify the sentence into?
    The sentence could be modified into, “I appreciate coming you to me,” which does not have any clear meaning.
  3. “I heard about the project being almost cancelled.”
    – What did the speaker hear about?
    The project is being almost cancelled. ‘Being almost cancelled’ here is an adjective.
    – How could we modify the sentence into?
    The sentence could be modified into, “I heard about the almost-cancelled project,” which has the exact same meaning as the primary sentence.
  4. “In fact, we anticipate the possibility of its succeeding.”
    – What does the speaker anticipate?
    The success of the project. ‘Succeeding’ here is a gerund.
    – How could we modify the sentence into?
    The sentence could be modified into, “In fact, we anticipate the possibility of succeeding it,” which creates double meanings. It can mean that the project is being successful or it can mean that the project is being followed by another project. The phrase ‘its succeeding’ will remove the ambiguity.


Special shout-out to one of our fellas who sent us a question about how to use possessives with gerunds during our LINE chat session. If you would like a one-one-one consultation as well, add us on LINE .


Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 16 May, 2018.


#EngVocab: Adjectives That Describe Personalities (3)

Hi, fellas! How are you?

We meet again in another series of adjectives that could describe someone’s personality. For the first and second installment of this topic, please visit

  1. Daft: silly, foolish (informal use).
    • Example:
      • “There is nothing daft about my fondness for Daft Punk. Their music suits my taste.”

Daft Punk.jpg

      • Daft Punk (pic from grammy.com)
  1. Deranged: mad, insane.
    • Example:
      • “Police managed to stop that deranged gunman before he could shoot anyone.”
  2. Debonair:  from old French ‘de bon aire,’ meaning stylish, charming, and confident. Usually used to describe a man.
    • Example:
      • “Many who have met Nicholas Saputra described the actor as debonair.”
  3. Dapper: Neat, well-dressed. Also used to describe a man.
    • Example:
      • “The Academy Awards were crowded by charming ladies and dapper gentlemen.”
  4. Eloquent:  fluent and persuasive in speaking or writing.
    • Example:
      • “She is quite an eloquent young lady. She would make a good public speaker.”
  5. Enchanting: delightfully charming or attractive.
    • Example:
      • “Unlike her casual daily appearance, she became an enchanting lady on her wedding day.”
  6. Expressive = effectively conveying thoughts or feelings.
    • Example:
      • “Emilia is such an expressive person. We could know how she feels by looking at her face.”
        • Emilia clarkeEmilia Clarke (pic from pinterest).
  7. Fair: in accordance with rules or standards.
    • Example:
      • “If you should become a leader, be a fair one.”
  8. Faithful:  loyal, devoted.
    • Example:
      • “Her late husband was a faithful person. He always spent his free time with the family.”
  9. Fearless: bold, brave.
    • Example:
      • “Naomi Campbell is a fierce, fearless woman. No wonder she has the longest running career as a supermodel.”
  10. Flirtatious: behaving in such a way to suggest a playful attraction.
    • Example:
      • “Who was the flirtatious guy you were talking to? He seemed to make you uncomfortable.”
  11. Frank: open, honest, and direct in speech or writing, especially when dealing with unpalatable matters.
    • Example:
      • “Is she always so frank, even though not so many people agree with her?”
  12. Funky: modern and stylish in an unconventional or striking way.
    • Example:
      • “Lady Gaga is funky and quirky, in an extraordinary way.”

Lady Gaga.jpg
Lady Gaga (pic from pinterest).


There they go, Fellas! As ever, the best way to practice and memorise new vocabularies is by using them a lot. Start incorporating these new words in your daily conversation. Check your dictionaries often to understand the context better.


Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 9 April, 2018.




#EngClass: Participial adjective – Comparative and superlative

Hello hey ho, fellas! Still following our previous discussion on ‘participial adjective’, we will talk about stating degrees of comparison.

Degrees of comparison are used when we compare one thing/person with another. There are three degrees of comparison:

  • positive,
  • comparative, and
  • superlative.

Comparative degree of comparison

Let’s start with the comparative degree. The comparative degree is used to compare
two persons or things having the same quality.

To form the comparative degree of adjectives, we usually add -er to adjective with two or less syllables. Example:

  • Taller
  • Lighter
  • Nicer

However, when forming the comparative degree of participial adjectives, we use the
word ‘more.’ Example:

Participial adjective



More boring


More bored


More tiring


More tired


More alarming


More alarmed


More example:

Participial adjective





more relaxing



more relaxed



more interesting



more interested



more confusing



more confused

Superlative degree of comparison

Moving on to the superlative degree of adjective. Superlative degree denotes the existence of the highest degree of the quality. The superlative degree of adjective is used to single out one person or thing from all the rest.

To form the superlative degree of adjectives, we usually add ‘-est’ to adjective with
two or less syllables. Example:

  • Tallest
  • Lightest
  • Nicest

However, when forming the superlative degree of participial adjectives, we use the
word ‘most.

Participial adjective



Most boring


Most bored


Most tiring


Most tired


Most alarming


Most alarmed

More example:

Participial adjective





Most relaxing



Most relaxed



Most interesting



Most interested



Most confusing



Most confused


That’s a wrap, fellas! I hope the explanation was clear enough. However, if you have any question on the topic, feel free to leave a message in the comment box.


Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, April 8, 2017


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#EngQuiz: Participial adjective

In short, participial adjectives are present and past participles which are used as adjectives. Present and past participles adjectives are used in slightly different ways. One talks about something that causes of the feeling , and the other talks about how someone feels.

Find a recap on that session here: #EngClass: Participial adjective (3)

Moving on, this time around, we’re having a quiz on present and past participle adjectives. Let’s start, shall we?

1. He was (terpesona) to hear his little son singing in the bath.
Correct! ‘Amused’ means ‘terpesona.’ Therefore, “He was amused.” means “Dia merasa terpesona.”

2. I find these instructions very (membingungkan)! Could you come and help me?
Confusing Correct! ‘Confusing’ means ‘membuat bingung.’ Therefore, “It is confusing.” means “Ini membingungkan.”[/explanation][/answer]

3. I was feeling (tertekan), so I stayed at home with hot chocolate and a good book.
Correct! ‘Depressed’ means ‘merasa tertekan.’ Therefore, “I am feeling depressed.” means “Saya merasa tertekan.”

4. That is the most (memalukan) photo! I look terrible!
Correct! ‘Embarassing’ means ‘membuat malu.’ Therefore, ’embarassing photo.’ means ‘foto yang membuat malu.’

5. Julie was so (kelelahan) after her exams, she spent the next three days sleeping.
Correct! ‘Exhausted’ means ‘merasa lelah.’
Therefore, “I was exhausted.” means “Saya kelelahan (merasa lelah).”

6. I tried all morning to send an email, but it wouldn’t work. I was so (frustrasi)!
Correct! ‘Frustrated’ means ‘merasa frustrasi.’ Therefore, “I was frustrated.” means “Saya merasa frustrasi.”

7. A nice hot bath is so (melegakan) after a long day.
Correct! ‘Relaxing’ means ‘membuat lega.’ Therefore, “It is relaxing.” means “Itu melegakan (membuat lega).”

8. I’m very (puas) that I managed to order the meal in French.
Correct! ‘Satisfied’ means ‘merasa puas.’ Therefore, “I am satisfied.” means “Saya (merasa) puas.”

9. It’s (mengejutkan) how many people don’t want to travel to another country.
Correct! ‘Surprising’ means ‘mengejutkan.’ Therefore, “It is surprising.” means “Itu mengejutkan (membuat terkejut).”

10. My job is really (melelahkan). I don’t get home until 10pm sometimes.
Correct! ‘Tiring’ means ‘melelahkan, membuat lelah.’ Therefore “It is tiring.” means “Itu melelahkan (membuat lelah).”

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, April 1, 2017


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#EngClass: Participial adjective (3)

One of our followers asked the question above on Twitter. Do you have a similar question? Do you get confused as to when you should use present or past participle adjective? Kalau kamu masih tulis/bilang: “I’m interesting” saat mau menyatakan “Saya tertarik,” yuk baca lagi artikel ini sampai selesai.

Participle adjectives are verbs, often ends in -ing and -ed, which are used as adjectives.  There are two types of participles: present participles (v-ing) and past participles (v2). Example:

Present participle

Past participle











We use present particular adjectives (v-ing) to talk about person, thing, or situation which caused the feeling. Example:

  • “I am boring.”
    • “Aku membosankan, aku menimbulkan rasa bosan.”
  • “They are confusing.”
    • “Mereka membingungkan, mereka menimbulkan kebingungan.”
  • “The book is exciting.”
    • “Bukunya menarik. Bukunya membuat orang tertarik.”

We use past participle adjectives (v2) to talk about how someone feels. Example:

  • “I am bored.”
    • “Aku merasa bosan. Yang kurasakan adalah bosan.”
  • “They are confused.”
    • “Mereka kebingungan. Yang mereka rasakan adalah bingung.”
  • “She is very excited.”
    • “Dia sangat bersemangat. Yang dia rasakan adalah semangat.”

If we were to compare the two side by side:

Present participle

Past participle

Penyebab perasaan

Perasaan yang dirasa

[Me- -kan]

[ter-], [ke- -an]




Merasa terhibur

More examples:

Present participle

Past participle




(Merasa bosan)


(Membuat santai)


(Merasa santai)




(Merasa lelah)




(Merasa bingung)




(Merasa tertarik)

So, what do you think? I hope the explanation was clear enough. If you still have any question, feel free to leave a comment down below, or you can also mention us on twitter.

How about having a short quiz to see how well you understand the explanation given above? Look at these sentences and choose the correct answer.

  1. I was really (boring/bored) during the lecture. It was really (boring/bored).
  2. I bought a really (interesting/interested) book last night. If you’re (interesting/interested), I can lend it to you.
  3. I heard an (alarming/alarmed) noise last night, and it kept me (alarming/alarmed) all night.


  1. bored; boring.
  2. interesting; interested.
  3. alarming; alarmed.

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, March 22, 2017

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#EngKnowledge: Hyphens (-) and Compound Adjectives

Good evening, fellas! For you in Indonesia, how was your holiday? It’s cool to have a holiday in the middle of the week, right! I had a restaurant-hopping holiday! Well, I met with some of my good-hearted friends and it was fun! What did you do today?

Did you notice how I used a hyphen between restaurant and hopping also between good and hearted? Let’s talk about hyphens. Hyphens are used to link words and parts of words. It’s this one: (-) and not this one (–) or even this one (—). The length is the different. A hyphen (-) is shorter than En Dash (–) or Em Dash (—). There are several uses of hyphens, but let’s focus on how to use hyphens with compound adjectives.

Compound adjectives are two or more words that together make an adjective. Compound adjectives are made up of a noun + an adjective, a noun + a participle, or an adjective + a participle. When they come directly before a noun, they’re known as compound modifiers and usually have a hyphen, like “a restaurant-hopping day.”

Here are a few more examples:
1. A marriage is a long-term commitment.
2. You need to wear a fire-proof vest to go inside the factory.

If the adjectives come after the noun, then they don’t need a hyphen. For example: The vest is fire proof.

Sometimes, the placement of a hyphen changes the meaning of your sentence. Let’s say you want a “hot-water bottle.” With a hyphen between “hot” and “water” you clearly want a water bottle for holding hot water because “hot” and “water” are joined by a hyphen. Without the hyphen between “hot” and “water, you might want a water bottle that is hot. See how the presence or absence of a hyphen could change the meaning?

Compiled for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 15 October, 2015.

#GRAMMARTRIVIA: Adjective + Preposition (OF / TO)

Howdy, fellas! How’s your Monday going? I hope it’s going great! :)

Anyway, I’d like to talk about grammar, which is ‘Adjective + Preposition (OF / TO)’. Here we go! #GrammarTrivia

1. Adjective + OF: afraid of, jealous of, suspicious of, aware of, capable of, full of, tired of, and typical of. #GrammarTrivia

Afraid OF: “Are you afraid OF dogs?” | Jealous OF: “Why are you always so jealous OF others?” #GrammarTrivia

Suspicious OF: “He didn’t trust me. He was suspicious OF my intentions.” #GrammarTrivia

Aware OF: “Did you know he was married? I wasn’t aware OF that.” #GrammarTrivia

Capable OF: “I’m sure you’re capable OF passing the examination.” #GrammarTrivia

Full OF: “The letter I wrote was full OF mistakes. (NOT ‘full with’). #GrammarTrivia

Tired OF: “Come on, let’s go! I’m tired OF waiting.” (= I’ve had enough of waiting) #GrammarTrivia

Typical OF: “He’s late again. It’s typical OF him to keep everybody waiting.” #GrammarTrivia

2. Adjective + TO: married to and similar to. Study the following examples. #GrammarTrivia

Married TO: “Linda is married TO an American.” | Similar TO: “Your writing is similar TO mine.” #GrammarTrivia

Therefore, that’s how we use ‘Adjective + Preposition (OF / TO)’. I hope this short discussion helps you. #GrammarTrivia

All in all, remember to visit http://englishtips4u.com and http://facebook.com/englishtips4u, fellas! See you! :)

Source: English Grammar in Use (Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press).

Compiled by @aditriasmara at @EnglishTips4U on November 10, 2014.

#GRAMMARTRIVIA: Adjective + Preposition (AT / BY / WITH)

Howdy, fellas! How’s your Monday going? Is it going nice? I hope so. :)

Anyway, I’d like to talk about grammar, which is ‘Adjective + Preposition (AT / BY / WITH)’. Here we go! #GrammarTrivia

1) Adjective + AT / BY something. Study the following example. #GrammarTrivia

Surprised / shocked / amazed / astonished AT / BY something. #GrammarTrivia

Surprised AT / BY: “Everybody was surprised AT (or BY) the news.” #GrammarTrivia

Shocked AT / BY: “I hope you weren’t shocked BY (or AT) what I said.” #GrammarTrivia

2) Adjective + WITH / BY somebody or something. You can learn from the following example. #GrammarTrivia

Impressed WITH / BY: “I’m very impressed WITH (or BY) her English. It’s very good.” #GrammarTrivia

3) Adjective + WITH. Study the following example. #GrammarTrivia

Fed up/bored WITH something: “I don’t enjoy my job anymore. I’m fed up WITH it.” #GrammarTrivia

Therefore, that’s how we use ‘Adjective + Preposition (AT / BY / WITH)’. I hope this short discussion helps you. #GrammarTrivia

All in all, remember to visit http://englishtips4u.com and http://facebook.com/englishtips4u, fellas! See you! :)


Source: English Grammar in Use (Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press).

Compiled by @aditriasmara at @EnglishTips4U on October 27, 2014.

#GRAMMARTRIVIA: Adjective + Preposition (ABOUT or WITH)

Howdy, fellas! How’s life? It’s brilliant, isn’t it? :)

Anyway, I’d like to talk about grammar, which is ‘Adjective + Preposition (ABOUT or WITH)’. Here we go! #GrammarTrivia

1) Adjective + ABOUT >> Excited ABOUT, worried ABOUT, upset ABOUT, nervous ABOUT. See the following examples. #GrammarTrivia

Excited ABOUT: “Are you excited ABOUT going on holiday next week?”. #GrammarTrivia

Worried ABOUT: “Andy was worried ABOUT the results of his exam.” #GrammarTrivia

Upset ABOUT: “Carol is upset ABOUT not being invited to the party.” #GrammarTrivia

Nervous ABOUT: “Are they nervous ABOUT performing in front of the audience?” #GrammarTrivia

2) Adjective + WITH >> Delighted WITH, pleased WITH, disappointed WITH. Study the following examples. #GrammarTrivia

Delighted WITH: “I was delighted WITH the present you gave me.” #GrammarTrivia

Pleased WITH: “I’m so pleased WITH the fact that I can get the scholarship.” #GrammarTrivia

Disappointed WITH: “Were you disappointed WITH your exam results?” #GrammarTrivia

However, there are some adjectives that can be followed by both ‘ABOUT’ and ‘WITH’. #GrammarTrivia

We are angry/annoyed ABOUT something. Meanwhile, we are angry/annoyed WITH somebody FOR doing something. #GrammarTrivia

Therefore, that’s how we use ‘Adjective + Preposition (ABOUT or WITH)’. I hope this discussion helps you. #GrammarTrivia

All in all, remember to visit http://englishtips4u.com  and http://facebook.com/englishtips4u, fellas! See you! :)

Source: English Grammar in Use (Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press).

Compiled by @aditriasmara at @EnglishTips4U on October 20, 2014.

#EngGame: Describe your holiday with an adjective!

Hello, fellas. What’s up? ‘Mudik’ is an annual event here in Indonesia, especially near big holiday such as Lebaran. Those who left their hometown to work and look for a better and more prosperous life would go home for the holiday. Usually around a week after the holiday, they would race back to town to return to their work. On the peak of ‘arus balik’ Lebaran, tolls and provincial accesses are always jam-packed.

Anyway, who knows what’s the English for ‘arus balik Lebaran‘? :)

“Eid backflow” – @Robertoberto21

“Yes, ‘arus balik’ is backflow. Arus balik Lebaran = backflow of Lebaran. Thank you. :”)” – @EnglishTips4U

In this occassion, let’s play a little bit… with adjective. I’m sure you know what adjective is. And the topic is related to your holiday. :)

Do you know an adjective can have either positive or negative connotation. E.g. happy = positive; sad = negative. Can you give other examples? :)

  • “what about this ? Good= Positive, Bad = Negative” – @Ffa_Nifa
  • “Lazy = negative >< clever = positive” – @_heniie
  • “Beautiful = positive” – @SaarahFzh
  • “How about Positive = positive and negative = negative” – @dwisusilawati

Now this is what you should do for the #EngGame: Fill in the gap with an adjective with appropriate connotation based on sentence’s context.

I’m only gonna give 2 sentences and you have to be as creative as possible if you want to be featured in this article. Let’s look at these examples first. Example:

  • I feel happy because I had a/an ….. holiday.” (fill in the gap with an adjective. Don’t forget to choose between a/an)
  • “I feel happy beause I had a good holiday” – @alfayzadivaa

Remember: Please type in full sentence and use appropriate punctuation.

More example:

  • I feel sad because I had a/an ……… holiday.
  • You have to use adjectives other than ‘good’ or ‘bad’ if you want to be featured. They’re too generic. :)

All right. Time for some show some responses we got. Behold… the adjectives! :D

  1. @fhy_anee: “a great”
  2. @coronacorr: “I feel happy because I had a wonderful holiday”
  3. @AZ_tifahh: “I feel happy because I had an awesome holiday”
  4. @vivi_borbut: “I feel happy because I had a fantastic holiday”
  5. @LuciaPalupi: “I feel happy because I had a marvelous holiday with my family.”
  6. @elva_elfishy: “I feel happy because I had an amazing holiday.”
  7. @Wulandari_0410: “I feel happy because I had an incredible holiday.” ;;)
  8. @marsyacha: “I feel happy because I had an extraordinary holiday”
  9. @ginariski: “I feel happy because I had a memorable holiday”
  10. @masyoza: “I feel happy because I had a lively holiday”
  11. @reviesm: “I feel happy because I had an unforgettable holiday.”
  12. @bebysalsabila: “I feel happy because I had a fascinating holiday :D”
  13. @BayuSukmo: “I feel happy because I had a colorful holiday”
  14. @ayumks: “I feel happy because I had a memorable holiday :’)”
  15. @halidabagraff: “a terrible”
  16. @fthamalia: “I feel sad because I had a boring holiday”
  17. @nadyaess: “I feel sad because I had a horrible holiday :(“
  18. @Robertoberto21: “I feel sad because I had a gloomy holiday”
  19. @iamREDsunny: “I feel sad because I had an unpleasant holiday.”
  20. @cori_na70: “I feel sad because I had a flat holiday.”
  21. @liverpudlian2: “I feel sad because i had a horrific holiday”
  22. @lukmanjuwono: “I feel sad because I had a disastrous holiday :( “
  23. @vivi_borbut: “I feel sad because I had a tiring holiday.”
  24. @triefriandi: “I feel sad because I had an awful holiday.”
  25. @viealvie: “I feel happy because I had a fabulous holiday”
  26. @junsecario: “I feel happy because I had a “painful” holiday”
  27. @raafian: “I feel sad because I had an extremely horrifying holiday”
  28. ‏@masyoza: “I feel sad because I had a lonely holiday.”
  29. @dnovac: “I feel sad because I had an unbelievably tedious holiday.”

Also, still remember ‘participial adjective’? Read here: #EngClass: participial adjective. For ‘holiday’ is it ‘boring’ or ‘bored’? Because the holiday ’causes the feeling’ so we use the V-ing form: boring = membosankan = liburannya membosankan.

Well, that’s the end of this article. I hope you enjoyed it and found it useful. Practice your English by experimenting with it. :)

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, August 11, 2013

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#EngQuiz: Guess the movies’ nouns, adjectives and verbs!

Are you an avid movie watcher? The game in this article is related to movies!

I will mention a movie title and then you have to guess three things. They are three words consisting of 1 (one) noun, 1 adjective and 1 verb based on what you viewed on the movie. And don’t forget each end of the word mention the type of the word: noun is (n), adjective is (adj) and verb is (v).

For example:

  • Q: “Harry Potter”
  • A: “Boy (n), brave (adj), hide (v)”

Do not:

  • mention the characters’ names, actors/actresses names or special names/items in the movie,
  • only English words are accepted,
  • and NO rude words please.


  1. 101 Dalmatians
  2. Wreck-it-Ralph
  3. Les Miserables
  4. Inception
  5. Finding Nemo
  6. Rio
  7. 17 Again
  8. Amelie
  9. Toy Story
  10. Wall-E


  1. ..
    • “Dogs(n) Smart(adj) Run(v).”- @tiffany_Wjy
    • “lady (n) cruel (adj) kidnap (v).” – @IbnuFJ
  2. ..
  3. ..
    • “Prisoner (n), loyal (adj), struggle (v).” – @sonyafel
    • “fabric (n), beautiful (Adj), sing (v).” – @erna27
    • “convict (n), melancholy (adj), revolt (v).” – @yantiyanto
  4. ..
    • “Dream (n), dream (adj), dream (v).” – @ituteguh
    • “dream (n), complicated (adj), compete (v).” – @AnofZuldian 
  5. ..
    • “Ocean (n), Brave (adj), Swim (v).” – @tintin_gustin
    • “clown fish (n), little (adj) , disappear (v).” – @deasydonald 
  6. ..
  7. ..
    • “glasses (n), handsome (adj), wish (v)” – @atherizt
    • “Basketball (n), young (adj), shoot (v)” – @YanuarYusuf7 
  8. ..
    • “prodigy (n) mysterious (adj) move(v)” – @nurinaay
    • “photo booth (n), artistic (adj), meet up (v)” – @miamiamiya
  9. ..
    • “Attic (n), incredible (adj), donate (v)” – @OwLuck
    • “Cowboy (n) faithful (adj) run (v)” – @salscy 
  10. ..
    • “robot (n), sincere (adj), search (v)” – @__kharisma
    • “robot (n) lonely (adj) build (v)” – @wayanoo
    • “Trash (n), dirty (adj), repair (v) @JempolJail

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at ” –@EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, June 4, 2013

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#EngTalk: Describing Star Wars characters’ physical appearance

Is anybody here a fan of this? Raise your hand!



Not a Star Wars fan? But are you familiar with the man in the image above? It’s Hayden Christensen plays Anakin Skywalker. Can you describe his physical appearance from the photo? Is he tall? Is he handsome? Is he ugly? Tell me!

“He is good looking, he is tall, he has white skin and he has blond curly hair.” – @dyaeliza

“He has brown eyes, brown hair and also looks like muscular body. I noticed he has Adam’s apple. lol” – @RainxoxoKelly

“He is a handsome tall curly blonde hair man.” – @Fani_NotFunny

If moments ago we talked about personality traits (read #EngVocab: characters personality), now let’s practice describing people’s appearance!

Star Wars has unique and interesting characters you could never imagine. Now I challenge you to describe them with your own words.

1) Padme Amidala


“She’s tall. She has white and smooth skin. She wears black dress. She has straight and black hair. Her lips are red.” – @eriseryess

“She’s slim,has a brown hair,thin red lips,sharp nose,sparkling.” – eyes *halah wkwk,over all she’s prettier than me… -_-” – @aisyahkamaliaa

“She wear black dress like magician,,not pretty enough than me…haaha :-D.” – @maratinafi

“She’s so attractive, charming and powerful. Her skin looks so smooth. ;P.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“mmm… she’s genuinely attractive, she’s slim, and she is fairly sexy.” – @dyaeliza

She has a good dress :).” – @GitaWidianto

“her dress looks like a semi cat woman . But she is beautiful.” – audicornelia

2) Master Yoda


“He has weird ears and also his finger.” – @jeengazie

“He’s short and have a green skin, white hair, three fingers, and long ears.” – @alignrd

“Apparently, he has three fingers, green skin and bold.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“He looks like smeagol.” – @kid_kencana

“He looks like, Picollo.” – @HondaCB919_

Pretty small, he is…” – @RyneHaruya

@IndrRhm: “he looks smart, its because he’s “master” you know lol.” – @IndrRhm

3) Obi-Wan Kenobi


“Caucasian male, handsome, brunette.” – @dianaemamusda

“He has mustache and bread. Quite tall and broad shoulder.” – @RainxoxoKelly

He’s had brown hair and wears a red boots and brown suit.” – @alignrd

“He wears weird boots.” – @StRakhma

“Obi Wan Kanobi, he’s fair and has short brown hair.” – @qiftymaria

4) Darth Vader


“Mighty.” – @arenarendo

He wears a black mask, black suit, and black shoes.” – @alignrd

“He looks like a robot with all everything whose he wears.” – @jeengazie

cool, strong & evil.” – @Rp_45

5) Chewbacca


He has brown hair everywhere in his body.” – @alignrd

“Tall, Furry, Yeti / Bigfoot looked a like.” – @ramenoodle

“Cute!” – @ramenoodle

“he’s definitely hirsute ))).” – @The_essence_of

“hoho… he resembles a gorilla with long feet… so scary!!!” – @dyaeliza

“Hairy.” – @aldijafril

6) Princess Leia


“She can kill anybody that stand in her way.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“She is pale, she is slim,she has black hair.” – @rhapsodicx

“She looks like want to say,”don’t you dare touch my kerupuk, or I will kill you!” Bamm!” – @alignrd

“Weird hair, sharp look, she looks like a killer or maybe a guardian :).” – @IndrRhm

“she wears white long dress and white shoes. She has bright skin and short hair. She also hold a gun.” – @adheshedhe

“she’s strong woman like me muahahaha.” – @trimaritania

“She has a curly hair and sharp eyes. She is in her white dress and holding up her black rifle!” – @dhaniedewanta

7) Jabba the Hutt


“Scary:|.” – @Pritaysr

“What a pretty cool frog with a nice tail :).” – @kid_kencana

“Wow, it’s terrible.” – @eriseryess

8) C-3PO


“Gold. Cute. He is a robot.” – @Belangblaster

It’s metalic. It’s gold.” – @eriseryess

“Golden robot.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“Gold, fancy, expensive.” – @Lavenderrrrrrr

9) Han Solo


“Cool! :)).” – @GembulHale

“So smart and handsome! xoxo.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“He has a nice belt ♥.” – @GitaWidianto

“Sorta half waiter and cowboy. And a mountain climber.” – @Wisznu

10) Stormtrooper


“An ugly trooper who cant kill anybody with his laser gun.” – @RyneHaruya

“Fancy white robot with two chins and laser gun.” – @miamiamiya

“Black and white robot with big gun.” – @RainxoxoKelly


Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, April 8, 2013

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#EngClass: Degree words

Coba perhatikan contoh percakapan di bawah ini.

You: Hey, how was the movie? Was it any good?

A friend: It was absolutely perfect!

Apa maksud dari absolutely perfect? Apakah kalian suka menggunakan frasa ini untuk menjelaskan sesuatu?

Kata absolutely merupakan salah satu contoh dari degree words. Apa itu degree words?

Pengertian degree words

Degree word digunakan untuk menjawab pertanyaan How (Bagaimana), How far (Seberapa jauh), atau How much (Berapa banyak).

Sama halnya dengan adverb (kata keterangan), yang mana digunakan untuk menerangkan adjective (kata sifat), adverb, verb (kata kerja), degree word digunakan untuk mengungkapkan ide atau kualitas suatu hal, dengan skala (scale) dari positif ke negatif.

Seperti pada contoh dalam dialog di awal tadi, absolutely perfect menunjukkan bahwa film tadi teramat sangat bagus (sempurna). Frasa tersebut juga mengungkapkan nilai positif dari film yang mereka tonton.

Di bawah ini adalah beberapa contoh degree word yang menunjukkan nilai suatu hal dari skala positif ke negatif.

  1. Absolutely perfect!
  2. Really excellent.
  3. Very good indeed.
  4. Very good.
  5. Good.
  6. Quite good.
  7. Fairly good.
  8. Not very good.
  9. Rather poor.
  10. Bad.
  11. Very bad.
  12. Extremely bad.
  13. Utterly dreadful!

Pada contoh, nomor 1 berada di posisi paling positif (teramat sangat bagus), sementara nomor 13 berada di posisi paling negatif (teramat sangat menyedihkan).

Scales of degree

Scales of degree mengacu pada skala derajat (degree) dari degree word. Scales of degree dibagi ke dalam 3 kelompok, yaitu

  1. The highest degree, yang meliputi kata completely, totally, quite, entirely, absolutely, altogether, dan utterly.
    • Contoh:
      • absolutely perfect.
  2. The high degree, yang terdiri dari kata very, much, very much, a lot, extremely, considerably, dan a great deal.
    • Contoh:
      • very nice.
  3. The middle/low degree yang terdiri dari kata quite, rather, (a) little, slightly, fairly, somewhat. Informal: pretty,  dan a bit.
    • Contoh:
      • pretty good.

Menggunakan degree word

Bagaimana cara menggunakan degree word? Biasanya, degree word kita gunakan sebelum adjective, adverb, comparative word (better, nicer, etc).

  • Contoh penggunaan sebelum adjective:
    • absolutely perfect
    • very nice,
    • pretty good.
  • Contoh pengunaan sebelum adverb:
    • extremely loudly
    •  quite often
    • a bit slowly.
  • Contoh penggunaan sebelum comparative word:
    • totally better
    • much younger
    • a little more.

Dalam penggunaannya, degree word selalu diletakkan sebelum adjective, adverb, atau comparative word, kecuali untuk kata “enough.” Kata tersebut selalu diletakkan setelah kata yang dijelaskan.

  • Contoh:
    • good enough (cukup baik)
    • often enough (cukup sering).



  1. So… How was your Friday so far?
  2. Have you watched The Dark Knight Rises? How was it?
  3. How far is Sabang to Merauke?
  4. How much time do you spend on Twitter every day?
  5. How do you think your future will be?


Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Friday, August 10, 2012

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#EngClass: Degrees of comparison

Tingkat perbandingan

Ada 3 jenis tingkat perbandingan (degress of comparison) dalam bahasa Inggris, yaitu:

  1. Positive degree, digunakan ketika kita hanya membicarakan satu orang atau satu hal saja. Jadi, dalam satu kalimat hanya menyebutkan satu kata benda (dalam hal ini rumah/bunga).
    •  Contoh:
      • “This house is big.” (Rumah ini besar.)
      • “This flower is beautiful.” (Bunga ini indah.)
  2. Comparative degree digunakan ketika kita membandingkan dua orang atau dua hal.
    •  Contoh:
      • This house is bigger than that one.” (Rumah ini lebih besar dari rumah itu.)
      • This flower is more beautiful than that.” (Bunga ini lebih indah dari bunga itu.)
  3. Superlative degree digunakan ketika kita membandingkan satu orang/hal dengan minimal dua orang/hal lainnya.
    •  Contoh:
      • “This is the biggest house in this street.” (Rumah ini adalah rumah terbesar di jalan ini.)
      • “This flower is the most beautiful one in this garden.” (Bunga ini adalah bunga terindah di taman ini.)


Menyatakan perbandingan

Bagaimana dengan aturan tingkat perbandingan untuk adjective yang terdiri dari satu suku kata?

  1. Untuk adjective dengan 1 suku kata berakhiran konsonan-vokal-konsonan, tambahkan [-er] konsonan terakhir untuk membentuk comparative degree atau [-est] untuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh :
      • fat: fatter – (the) fattest
      • big: bigger – (the) biggest
  2. Untuk adjective dengan 1 suku kata yang berakhiran [-e], cukup tambahkan [-r] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [-st] untuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh:
      • large: larger – (the) largest
      • nice: nicer – (the) nicest
  3. Cukup tambahkan [-er] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [-est] untuk membentuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh:
      • small: smaller –  (the) smallest
      • light: lighter – (the) lightest
  4. Untuk adjective dengan 2 suku kata, di depan kata tersebut tambahkan [more] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [most] untuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh:
      • boring: more boring(the) most boring
      • pleasant: more pleasant(the) most pleasant
  5. Untuk adjective dengan 2 suku kata berakhiran [-y], ganti [-y] dengan [-i] lalu tambahkan [-er] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [-est] untuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh:
      • friendly: friendlier – (the) friendliest
      • happy: happier – (the) happiest
  6. Terdapat adjective dengan 2 suku kata yang menggunakan penambahan [-er] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [-est] untuk superlativedegree  sebagai akhirannya.
    • Contoh:
      • narrow: narrower – (the) narrowest
      • clever: cleverer – (the) cleverest
      • gentle: gentler – (the) gentlest
  7. Jika kalian tidak yakin bentuk mana yang harus digunakan untuk adjective dengan 2 suku kata, maka bisa gunakan [more] dan [most]. Karena penggunaan [more] dan [most] sudah semakin banyak diterima untuk adjective dengan 2 suku kata.
    • Contoh:
      • simple: more simple/simpler – (the) most simplest/(the) simplest. (Namun jangan gabungkan penggunaan [more/most] dengan [-er/-est]. Pilih salah satu saja.)
  8. Untuk adjective dengan 3 suku kata/lebih, di depan kata tambahkan [more] untuk membentuk comparative degree dan [most] untuk superlative degree.
    • Contoh :
      • beautiful: more beautiful / (the) most beautiful
      • interesting: more interesting / (the) most interesting
  9. Di samping semua yang sudah disebutkan di atas, ada juga irregular adjectives yang memang harus kita hafal.
    • Contoh :
      • good (well): better – (the) best
      • bad: worse – (the) worst
      • little: less – (the) least
      • much, many: more – (the) most
      • far: farther/further – (the) farthest/ furthest
      • old: older, elder – (the) oldest, eldest
  10. Ada beberapa adjective yang tidak memiliki bentuk positif, hanya comparative dan superlative.
    • Contoh :
      • inner: (the) inmost, innermost
      • outer: (the) outmost, outermost
      • utter: (the) utmost, uttermost
      • upper: (the) upmost, uppermost

#EngClass: Participial adjective (2)

Hi, Fellas! Apakah kalian sering terbalik saat menggunakan kata surprised/surprising, excited/exciting, interested/interesting, dsb, di dalam kalimat? Kali ini kita akan membahas mengenai participial adjective. Semoga membantu.

Kita tahu bahwa adjective adalah kata sifat dan fungsinya untuk menjelaskan kata benda.

  • Contoh:
    • kuku tebal, apel merah, pintu lebar.
    • big house, pretty girl, soft pillow, sweet peaches, crunchy crackers,wide grin, dll.

Participial adjective adalah adjective (kata sifat) yang berbentuk V+ing (Present Participle) dan V+ed (Past Participle).

Walaupun participal adjective terbentuk dari verb (kata kerja) yang ditambah “-ing” atau “-ed“, fungsi dari kata tersebut adalah sebagai adjective.

  • Contoh:
    • a boring film,
    • an excited girl,
    • an amusing story – an amused audience,
    • a confusing situation – a confused student,
    • a stunning performance – a stunned crowd.

Kata “boring”, “excited”, “amusing”, “amused”, “confusing”, “confused”, “stunning”, dan “stunned” pada contoh di atas adalah adjective (kata sifat) yang menjelaskan noun (kata benda).

Lantas apakah bedanya? Apakah artinya sama? Tidak.

Participial Adjective V+ing dan V+ed memiliki arti yang berbeda. Akan lebih mudah jika perbedaannya dijelaskan dalam beberapa contoh berikut

  • Contoh (a):
    • “The girl is entertained.”
    • “The show is entertaining.”

Kata “entertained” menjelaskan bahwa gadis itu merasa “terhibur,” sedangkan “entertaining”  menerangkan bahwa pertunjukkan tersebut menyebabkan/memberikan rasa “menghibur.”

  • Contoh (b):
    • “I am interested.”
    • “He is interesting.”

interested” menjelaskan bahwa “saya” merasa “tertarik,” sedangkan “interesting” menjelaskan “dia” menyebabkan/memberikan rasa “menarik”.

Jelas bukan perbedaannya? Coba bedakan:

She is exhausted.” dan “Her work is exhausting.”

Siapakah yang merasa lelah? Apakah yang membuatnya kelelahan?


  1. My bath was (relaxing/relaxed). I feel (relaxing/relaxed) now.
  2. Joy is (tiring/tired) because she had a (tiring/tired) day.
  3. The direction to the hotel was (confusing/confused). The driver was (confusing/confused).
  4. So much work was (overwhelming/overwhelmed). The staff are (overwhelming/overwhelmed).
  5. Your jokes are (amusing/amused). I am (amusing/amused).
  6. I was so (entertaining/entertained) by the movie. The movie was very (entertaining/entertained).
  7. His company is (interesting/interested) at my work. My work is very (interesting/interested).
  8. My dad’s words were (upsetting/upset). I felt (upsetting/upset).
  9. They’re talking too loud. I am (annoying/annoyed). The noise is (annoying/annoyed).
  10. I was (intriguing/intrigued). The sculpture was (intriguing/intrigued).


  1. My bath was (relaxing). I feel (relaxed) now.
  2. Joy is (tired) because she had a (tiring) day.
  3. The direction to the hotel was (confusing). The driver was (confused).
  4. So much work was (overwhelming). The staff are (overwhelmed).
  5. Your jokes are (amusing). I am (amused).
  6. I was so (entertained) by the movie. The movie was very (entertaining).
  7. His company is (interested) at my work. My work is very (interesting).
  8. My dad’s words were (upsetting). I felt (upset).
  9. They’re talking too loud. I am (annoyed). The noise is (annoying).
  10. I was (intrigued). The sclupture was (intriguing).

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, November 16, 2011

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#EngClass: Participial adjective

Kali ini kita akan membahas participial adjective. Apakah itu? Kalian pasti pernah mendengar kata “boring” dan “bored” kan?

Participial adjective adalah kata sifat yang diambil dari the past participle (-ed) dan the present participle (-ing).

Seringkali terdapat salah penggunaan antara the past participle dan the present participle dalam sebuah kalimat, seperti:

  • “I’m interested in English.” | “I’m interesting in English.”
  • “English is interesting.” | “English is interested.

Kata yang dibentuk dari the past participle (interested) menjelaskan apa yang dirasakan seseorang.

  • Contoh:
    • “Saya tertarik dengan Bahasa Inggris.” -> “I’m interested in English.”

“interested” menjelaskan bagaimana perasaan saya terhadap Bahasa Inggris.

Kata yang terbentuk dari the present participle (interesting) menjelaskan penyebab dari perasaan tertarik pada ‘saya.’ Dalam contoh di atas, penyebabnya adalah ‘bahasa Inggris’ dan kata ‘interesting’ menjelaskan bahwa suatu hal (bahasa Inggris) itu menarik.

Untuk membuat kalimat dengan menggunakan participal adjective dapat aturan penulisan sebagai berikut:

S + be + adjective


  • “I was surprised.”
  • “The news was surprising.”


1. I don’t like our new teacher. He really bores me. I think he is a (boring/bored) person.

2. I don’t understand these formulas. They are so (confusing/confused).

3. Have you heard about the latest news? I’m so (exciting/excited) to tell you!

4. I had never been to Raja Ampat before. But when I was there, I was really (fascinating/fascinated).

5. Everyone was (shocking/shocked) when they heard the minister’s corruption scandal for the first time.

6. I will never sing in front of the class again! It was so (embarrassing/embarrassed).

7. I feel very (tiring/tired) after the long trip.

8. I don’t think I can watch that movie. It’s so very (depressing/depressed).

9. Oh my goodness, look at the size of that cake! It’s very (tempting/tempted). I want to eat it!

10. She never really finished that work. I guess she’s already . . . (frustrating/frustrated) because of it.


Compiled and written by  for  on Friday, July 29, 2011

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