#TOEFL: Vocabulary exercise (2)

RULES:

  1. Choose the right synonym of the word in the brackets.
  2. Type the number of the question as you answer.

Let’s go!

The criminal was asked to aid police in their (enquiry).
A) interview
B) investigation
C) questions
The use of penicillin is (diffuse).
A) limited
B) widely available
C) increasing
He (pored over) the questions until he couldn’t keep his eyes open anymore.
A) asked
B) examined
C) memorized
You will find the building at the main (intersection).
A) ending
B) crossing
C) roundabout
He found the smell of the lotus blossom (repugnant), and asked for a different flower.
A) enjoyable
B) disgusting
C) delightful
His boss (streamlined) company procedures.
A) increased
B) made easier
C) lost
Uncertainty about the economy is (widespread).
A) limited
B) everywhere
C) decreased
His comments can be rather (harsh) at times.
A) pleasant
B) extreme
C) precise
The issue (touched off) an argument between the two parties.
A) ended
B) began
C) complicated
You’d better get a few (winks) before tomorrow.
A) dollars
B) sleep
C) friends

Compiled and written by @ for@ on Saturday, July 8, 2011


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#EngTips: types of nouns

Secara umum, jenis “noun” atau kata benda bisa dibedakan sebagai berikut: countable VS uncountable, concrete VS abstract, common VS proper.

  • Countable noun memiliki bentuk singular (tunggal) dan plural (jamak). Contoh: book/ books.
  • Sementara uncountable noun memiliki satu bentuk saja. Contoh: air, water, information.
  • Concrete noun = memiliki bentuk konkrit. Contoh: book, air, water.
  • Abstract noun = tidak memiliki bentuk konkrit (abstrak). Contoh: idea, love, information.
  • Common noun = kata benda yang digunakan untuk menunjuk pada orang, jenis benda, zat, dll. Bisa ditambahkan “articlea/ an/ the. Contoh: friend, book, air.
  • Proper noun = kata benda yang digunakan untuk menunjuk pada seseorang/ sebuah tempat/ organisasi secara spesifik. Contoh: Amy, Jakarta, DPR.

Written by @ on July 7, 2011

#USSlang: American slang (2)

  1. Chillin‘ Meaning: spending time with friends.
    • Example:
      • Where are you going? | Just chillin’ at the mall.
  2. Dude. Meaning: a guy, a male.
    • Example:
      • Hey! Check this out, dude!
  3. Fab. Meaning: a short version of ‘fabulous.’
    • Example:
      • This Twitter account is so fab!
  4. Get it. Meaning: understand.
    • Example:
      • I don’t get it. Why did she have to do that?
  5. Bent. Meaning: angry.
    • Example:
      • I’m so bent, I can explode.
  6. Killer. Meaning: something great or extraordinary.
    • Example:
      • God! The band is a killer!
  7. To the max. Meaning: maximum.
    • Example:
      • Help! I am bored to the max.
  8. Quick and dirty: to do things fast, but not well.
    • Example:
      • Such a quick and dirty work you did. The boss hated it.
  9. Suck. Meaning: bad or unacceptable.
    • Example:
      • The movie sucks. It’s making me sleepy.
  10. Totally. Meaning: really or completely.
    • Example:
      • Their new song is totally awesome, man!

 

Compiled and written by  for  on Wednesday, July 6, 2011

 

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#EngClass: “ain’t”

Ain’t’ sesungguhnya adalah contraction atau bentuk penyingkatan dari ‘am not,’ ‘is not,’ ‘are not,’ ‘has not,’ ‘have not.’ Di beberapa dialek, ‘ain’t’ juga singkatan dari ‘do not,’ ‘does not,’ ‘did not.’

Walaupun semakin banyak orang yang menggunakannya, perdebatan tentang ‘ain’t’ sebagai bentuk Bahasa Inggris yang benar secara gramatikal masih berlanjut. ‘Ain’t’ sering diasosiasikan sebagai Bahasa Inggris ‘orang yang tidak berpendidikan’ dan penggunaannya dihindari di lingkungan akademik.

‘Ain’t’ terutama sering digunakan di daerah Selatan Amerika Serikat, sebagai bagian dari ‘bahasa daerah’ di sana, atau disebut sebagai ‘vernacular.’

Walaupun dianggap Bahasa Inggris ‘tidak benar’, ‘ain’t’ sering digunakan sebagai lelucon atau untuk memberi kesan ‘down to earth’ pada penggunanya.

Contoh penggunaannya dalam kalimat:

  • I ain’t yours, you ain’t mine. (I’m not yours, you aren’t mine.)
  • She ain’t going to go. (She isn’t going to go.)
  • They ain’t heard the news yet. (They haven’t heard the news yet.)

 

Ain’t no

Sementara itu ‘ain’t no’ juga kerap digunakan dengan makna ‘isn’t + no‘ (sebagai ‘double negative‘).

Contoh kalimat dengan ‘ain’t no’:

  • There ain’t no sunshine. (There isn’t any sunshine.)

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, July 6, 2011

 

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#EngClass: “either … or …” vs “neither … nor …”

either …or ..” dan “neither .. nor ..” keduanya adalah “double conjunction” di mana kata hubung “or” dan “nor” digunakan bersamaan dengan kata lain.

a) “either .. or ..” digunakan untuk menyatakan alternatif atau dua pilihan, yaitu “ini” atau “itu”. Digunakan pada kalimat yang bermakna positif.

  • Contoh: “You can have either coffee or tea.” (Kamu bisa minum kopi atau teh.)
  • Contoh lain: “Either I or you shall finish the work.” (Entah aku atau kamu yang akan menyelesaikan pekerjaan.)
  • Contoh lain: “Either you like the movie or hate it, it’s fine.” (Tidak masalah jika kamu menyukai film itu atau membencinya.)

b)neither .. nor ..” digunakan ketika dua makna negatif digabungkan dalam satu kalimat, yaitu tidak/ bukan “ini” dan juga bukan “itu”.

  • Contoh: “She is neither beautiful nor smart, but everyone likes her.” (Dia tidak cantik juga pintar, tapi semua orang menyukainya.)
  • Contoh lain: “Neither I nor you will be able to finish this work.” (Aku atau kamu tidak akan bisa menyelesaikan pekerjaan ini.)

Compiled and written by @ on July 5, 2011

#GrammarTrivia: “ought to”

DYK? “ought to” adalah “modal auxiliary” yang memiliki arti yang sama dengan “should” (harus/ seharusnya).

Penggunaan “ought to” tidak umum, dan terutama sekali sangat jarang digunakan di Amerika Serikat.

Kita bisa mengganti “ought to” dengan kata “should” tanpa mengubah artinya. Bentuk negatifnya adalah “ought not to” atau “oughtn’t to“.

Bentuk “ought to” tidak pernah berubah walaupun menggunakan subyek yang berbeda dalam kalimat. Misal, tidak ada penambahan huruf ‘s’.

  • Contoh kalimat positif: “You ought to go to school.
  • Contoh kalimat negatif: “She oughtn’t to come late to class.

Compiled and written by @ on July 4, 2011

#EngClass: Exclamations

Kita menggunakan exclamations untuk mengungkapkan perasaan atau emosi kita akan suatu hal. Berikut contoh dan situasinya.

  1. Oh. Artinya: mengungkapkan ketertarikan atau keterkejutan.
    • Contoh:
      • “Oh, look! It’s raining!”
  2. Ah. Artinya: mengungkapkan kegembiraan.
    • Contoh: 
      • “Ah, there you are!”
  3. Hey. Artinya: memanggil untuk meminta perhatian (tetapi tidak sopan).
    • Contoh:
      • “Hey! Look at this!”
  4. Ooh. Artinya: mengungkapkan kegembiraan.
    • Contoh:
      • “Ooh, what a lovely day!”
  5. Ow/ ouch. Artinya: mengungkapkan rasa sakit.
    • Contoh:
      • “Ow, that hurts!”
  6. Ugh. Artinya: mengungkapkan rasa jijik.
    • Contoh:
      • “Ugh, the food smells really bad!”
  7. Mm Terdapat tiga jenish ekspresi pada exclamation ini, yaitu
    1.  Mmmm. Artinya: mengekspresikan aroma yang sedap.
      • Contoh:
        • “Mmmm… The food really smells good!”
    2. Mm? (diucapkan dengan nada meninggi). Artinya:  meminta seserang untuk mengulang ucapannya karena kita tidak mendengar ucapan lawan bicara.
    3. Mm … mm (diucapkan dengan nada merendah). Artinya: menyetujui sesuatu.

Exclamations berikut ini digunakan untuk mengungkapkan perasaan yang lebih kuat, namun perhatikan juga beberapa exclamations yang mungkin tabu untuk digunakan.

  1. Untuk mengungkapkan sesuatu yang baik, kita bisa menggunakan “Great!”, “Wonderful!”, atau “Fantastic!”
    • Contoh:
      • “Great! You won the first prize!”
  2. Untuk mengungkapkan sesuatu yang jelek atau buruk, kita menggunakan “Oh dear!”
    • Contoh:
      • “Oh dear! Something is wrong with my motorcycle.”
  3. Terdapat beberapa exclamations tabu untuk mengungkapkan sesuatu yang buruk, seperti
    • Damn!
    • Blast!
    • Oh hell!
    • Oh my God!, atau
    • Bloody hell!
  4. Untuk mengungkapkan sebuah kejutan, kita dapat mengatakan
    •  Oh!
    • Well!
    • My goodness!
    • Good heavens!
    • My God! atau
    • Good God!

Exclamations juga bisa diawali dengan kata What atau How“.

  • Contoh:
    • What a lovely day!
    • What a shame!
    • How awful!
    • How nice!

Kita juga bisa menggunakan yes-no questions sebagai exclamations.

  • Contoh:
    • Isn’t it lovely!
    • Aren’t you smart!
    • Didn’t he work well!

 

Compiled and written by @ for @ on Sunday, July 3, 2011

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#EngTips: asking people to repeat things

Guys, it’s English tips time!

There are several ways to ask people to repeat things they say when we have a conversation with them.

You can use these sentences, and they all have the same meaning.

  • “Could you say that again, please?”
  • “I’m sorry?”
  • “Sorry, could you repeat that again, please?”
  • “Pardon?”
  • “Pardon me?”

Written by @ on July 3, 2011

#EngGame: Talking about people

Rule of the game: please type the number of the question with your answer. There will be 10-15 questions. The topic is: People.

  1. Is the following sentence right or wrong? “This is Andy. He’s my elderly brother.”
  2. What do we call a person who works for someone else?
    • A) an employer
    • B) an employee
  3. She’s a very witty person. She’s …
    • A) clever with words
    • B) good with her hands
    • C) fit and strong
  4. Which of the following sentences is correct?
    • A) “She’s a very effective secretary.”
    • B) “She’s a very efficient secretary.”
  5. What do we call a person who causes damage and is noisy and violent in public places?
    • A) a hermit
    • B) a victim
    • C) a hooligan
  6. Which person is the ‘odd one out’?
    • A) widow
    • B) mother-in-law
    • C) uncle
    • D) fiancee
  7. Andrea is very stubborn. What is the synonym for ‘stubborn’?
    • A) strict
    • B) big-headed
    • C) obstinate
  8. Which person enjoys talking about other people’s private lives?
    • A) a neighbor
    • B) a gossip
    • C) an acquaintance
  9. Which of these adjectives have positive meanings?
    • affectionate,
    • bossy,
    • cheerful,
    • generous,
    • greedy,
    • mean,
    • reliable,
    • vain
  10. Which of the following is my brother’s son?
    • A) my nephew
    • B) my brother-in-law
    • C) my niece

ANSWER KEY:

  1. wrong. The right word should be “elder” as in “elder brother”.
  2. an employee. An employer is a person who gives you a job.
  3. A) clever with words.
  4. B) She’s a very efficient secretary.
  5. C) a hooligan.
  6. C) uncle. All others are female.
  7. C) obstinate.
  8. B) a gossip.
  9. Positive adjectives: affectionate, cheerful, generous, reliable.
  10. A) my nephew.

Compiled and written  by @ for@ on Thursday, June 30, 2011


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#EngTrivia: Verbs to describe animal sound

Apakah kalian tahu bagaimana suara hewan disebut dalam bahasa Inggris? Seperti halnya dalam bahasa Indonesia kita punya kambing yang mengembik atau kucing yang mengeong, berikut beberapa verb atau kata kerja yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan suara hewan (penulisan nama hewan dalam bentuk plural).

  1. Bats (kelelawar) = screech.
  2. Bears (beruang) = growl (suaranya berbunyi “Grrr”).
  3. Bees (lebah) = hum, buzz.
  4. Birds (burung) = chirrup, chirp, twitter, tweet, sing.
  5. Cats (kucing) = mew, purr, meow, hiss.
  6. Chickens (ayam) = cluck.
  7. Cows (sapi) = moo.
  8. Crickets (jangkrik) = chirp, creak.
  9. Dogs (anjing) = bark, woof.
  10. Dolphins (lumba-lumba) = click.
  11. Doves (merpati) = coo.
  12. Ducks (bebek) = quack.
  13. Elephants (gajah) = trumpet.
  14. Flies (lalat) = buzz, hum.
  15. Goats (kambing) = bleat, baa.
  16. Horses (kuda) = clop, neigh, snort, whinny.
  17. Lions (singa) = roar, growl.
  18. Mice (tikus) = squeak, squeal.
  19. Monkeys (monyet) = chatter, gibber, whoop.
  20. Mosquitoes (nyamuk) = whine.
  21. Owls (burung hantu) = hoot, scream, screech, shriek.
  22. Pigs (babi) = oink, snort, grunt, squeal.
  23. Rabbits (kelinci) = squeak, drum.
  24. Sharks (hiu) = hom hom.
  25. Turkey (kalkun) = gobble.

Nah, jadi paham kan kenapa namanya dan kenapa lambangnya burung? Hehehe…

 

Compiled and written by  for  on Wednesday, June 29, 2011

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#IOTW: Idioms of The Week (2)

Before we start, please bear in mind: learn idioms by memorizing the phrases/expressions as a whole, not word by word.

Let’s start!

  1. Every now and again/every now and then/every once in a while. Arti: sekali-kali.
    • Example:
      • “I swim every once in a while.”
  2. Put out. Arti: memadamkan/ mematikan.
    • Example:
      • “The rain has put out the fire.”
  3. Hit the hay/hit the sack. Arti: pergi tidur.
    • Example:
      • “It’s already late. Let’s hit the sack.”
  4. Like crazy/like mad. Arti: mati-matian.
    • Example:
      • “I miss you like crazy.”
  5. Go to pieces. Arti: hati jadi remuk redam.
    • Example:
      • “Did you know? I went to pieces when you left.”
  6. Pain in the ass. Arti: orang yang menjengkelkan.
    • Example:
      • “He’s such a pain in the ass, no one likes him.”
  7. Make it snappy. Arti: cepat-cepat.
    • Example:
      • Make it snappy! We don’t have much time.”
  8. Out of touch. Arti: tidak lagi berhubungan.
    • Example:
      • “I never meet her again now. She’s out of touch.”
  9. Get set. Arti: bersiap-siap.
    • Example:
      • “Are you ready? Get set… Go!”
  10. Smash hit. Arti: berhasil sekali.
    • Example:
      • “The new Brad Pitt’s movie is a smash hit.”

Compiled and written by  for  Tuesday, June 28, 2011.


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#EngTips: giving examples

Ada beberapa cara/ frase yang bisa kamu gunakan ketika ingin memberi contoh dalam Bahasa Inggris.

  1. for example“. Contoh penggunaan: “There are many interesting places in Bali. For example, Ubud as an international village.”
  2. for instance“. Contoh penggunaan: “There are many interesting places in Bali. Ubud, for instance, is an international village.”
  3. e.g.” (exempli gratia). Contoh penggunaan: “There are many interesting places in Bali, e.g., Ubud as an international village.
  4. such as“. Contoh penggunaan:
  • There are many interesting places in Bali, such as Ubud and Kuta.”
  • Such places as Ubud and Kuta are interesting.
  • Some places, such as Ubud and Kuta, are interesting.”
  • Places such as Ubud and Kuta are interesting.”

Written by @ on June 28, 2011

#TOEFL: Vocabulary exercise

Guys, ayo belajar vocabulary untuk persiapan TOEFL. Berikut ini beberapa kalimat dengan kata-kata yang ada di dalam tanda kurung. Pilih jawaban yang merupakan sinonim dari kata-kata di dalam  tersebut. Let’s start!

1. A rich kid was (abducted) yesterday. 
Rescued
Kidnapped
Killed
Betrayed 
2. What is the use of such a (barren) discussion. 
Arable
Verdant
Unfruitful
Fertile
3. The major (catalyst) in the English-language explosion was war. 
Stimulus
Catalog 
Castle
Catacomb
4. The actress’ (debut) on the stage was a success. 
First public performance
Acting 
Farewell party
Deceit
5. The vivacious little girl is like an (elf)
Apparition
Hobgoblin
Demon
Fairy
6. So much of life is merely a (farce)
Tragedy
Comedy
Mockery
Drama 
7. The fish in the dish was (garnished) with slices of lemon. 
Decorated
Diminished
Garnered
Garbled
8. She used to (harass) her husband by her continual demands for fine attire.
Entreat
Plead
Ask
Annoy; plague
9. The armistice brought an (immense) relief to the people.
Little
Unworthy
Enormous
Temporary
10. Don’t (joggle) me while I am writing.  
Haul
Hurl
Jerk
Shake slightly
11. The teacher gave the naughty boy a rap over the (knuckles)
Knells
Knockouts
Havoc
Joints around fingers
12. His (latent) talent was discovered by accident. 
Patent
Dynamic
Operative
Dormant
13. Do you believe that human nature is (malevolent)
Benevolent
Benign
Kind
Vicious
14. Inwara stuttering is the worst form of (nemesis). 
Reward
Just punishment
Meekness
Mystique
15. The patient was (obsessed) by the fear of operation.  
Detached
observed
Unconcerned
Preoccupied

 

Compiled and written by  for  on Monday, June 27, 2011

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#EngTips: “What is she/he like?” vs “What does she/he look like?”

DYK? What is the difference between the question (1) “What is she/he like?” and (2) “What does she/he look like?

(1) “What is she/he like?” digunakan untuk menanyakan deskripsi umum tentang seseorang, apakah itu ciri fisik atau karakter.

  • Contoh deskripsi fisik: “She’s very thin and beautiful.
  • Contoh deskripsi karakter: “She’s very friendly and outgoing.

Sementara pertanyaan (2) “What does she/he look like?” digunakan untuk menanyakan tentang ciri fisik seseorang saja. Contoh jawaban: “He’s tall.

Written by @EnglishTips4U on June 26, 2011

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