Hi, Fellas!! Happy Eid al-Fitr for those who celebrate it. Happy holiday for those who in a vacation. How was your day anyway?
This evening I would like to talk about the word “roseate.” This word came from Latin, “roseus,” and it was adapted and known as an English word in 15th century. “Roseate” acts an adjective, which means pink or a color that resembles a rose.
“I love the roseate cardigan.”
On the other hand, “roseate” also mean optimistic. In this matter, there are some words that are related to “roseate,” such as “confident,” “doubtless,” “assuring,” etc.
“Where’s my roseate Emma? I am sure you will pass the test.”
Have you ever heard or used the word ‘portmanteau?’
A portmanteau (/pɔːrtˈmæntoʊ/) or portmanteau word is a blend of words, in which parts of multiple words or their sounds are combined into a new word. A portmanteau is also called blending word. For initial information of blending words, check out https://englishtips4u.com/2012/06/27/engclass-blending-words/
There are many portmanteau words that have been widely used, such as ‘smog’ (from ‘smoke’ + ‘fog’), ‘netizen’ (from ‘internet’ + ‘citizen’), or ‘workaholic’ (from ‘work’ + ‘alcoholic’).
If we categorize them, we will find that there are portmanteau words for:
A new breed is usually named with a portmanteau word.
A ‘liger’ is the offspring of a male lion and a female tiger.
Popular culture. E.g.:
– ‘Brangelina’ is a portmanteau of Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie’s name.
– ‘Bromance’ is a portmanteau of ‘brother’ and ‘romance,’ usually used to describe a tight friendship between two men.
– ‘Motorcycle,’ from ‘motorized’ + ‘bicycle.’
– ‘Taxicab,’ from ‘taxi’ + ‘cabriolet’ (a type of horse carriage). Now, taxicab is more commonly known as simply ‘taxi’ or ‘cab.’
– ‘Brunch,’ from ‘breakfast’ + ‘lunch.’
– ‘Cronut,’ from ‘croissant’ + ‘doughnut.
General use. E.g.:
– ‘Brexit,’ from ‘Britain’ + ‘exit.’
– ‘Hangry,’ from ‘hungry’ + ‘angry.’
Internet and computing. E.g.:
– ‘Email,’ from ‘electronic’ + ‘mail.’
– ‘Internet,’ from ‘international’ + ‘network.’
– ‘Skype,’ from ‘sky’ + ‘peer-to-peer.’
– ‘Pinterest,’ from ‘pin’ + ‘interest.’
– ‘Microsoft,’ from ‘microcomputer’ + ‘software.’
@Rnfadillaa: I just knewwww netizen means internet citizen. Thanksss @EnglishTips4U. @laptamy: How about Frienemy? Is it a portmanteau too? Yes, ‘frenemy’ comes from ‘friend’ + ‘enemy,’ used to describe someone with whom we have a love-hate relationship.
Daft = silly, foolish (informal use).
“There is nothing daft about my fondness for Daft Punk. Their music suits my taste.”
Deranged = mad, insane.
“Police managed to stop that deranged gunman before he could shoot anyone.”
Debonair = from old French ‘de bon aire,’ meaning stylish, charming, and confident. Usually used to describe a man.
“Many who have met Nicholas Saputra described the actor as debonair.”
Dapper = Neat, well-dressed. Also used to describe a man.
“The Academy Awards were crowded by charming ladies and dapper gentlemen.”
Eloquent = fluent and persuasive in speaking or writing.
“She is quite an eloquent young lady. She would make a good public speaker.”
Enchanting = delightfully charming or attractive.
“Unlike her casual daily appearance, she became an enchanting lady on her wedding day.”
Expressive = effectively conveying thoughts or feelings.
“Emilia is such an expressive person. We could know how she feels by looking at her face.”
Fair = in accordance with rules or standards.
“If you should become a leader, be a fair one.”
Faithful = loyal, devoted.
“Her late husband was a faithful person. He always spent his free time with the family.”
Fearless= bold, brave.
“Naomi Campbell is a fierce, fearless woman. No wonder she has the longest running career as a supermodel.”
Flirtatious = behaving in such a way to suggest a playful attraction.
“Who was the flirtatious guy you were talking to? He seemed to make you uncomfortable.”
Frank = open, honest, and direct in speech or writing, especially when dealing with unpalatable matters.
“Is she always so frank, even though not so many people agree with her?”
Funky = modern and stylish in an unconventional or striking way.
“Lady Gaga is funky and quirky, in an extraordinary way.”
There they go, fellas! As ever, the best way to practice and memorise new vocabularies is by using them a lot. Start incorporating these new words in your daily conversation. Check your dictionaries often to understand the context better.
Oxford Dictionary states that “cacophony” is an unpleasant/harshsound. In a simpler way hand you can also define it as a noise. It is said that “cacophony” was derived from a Greek word called “kakophonia” or “kakophonos.” Kakophonos itself is the combination of “kakos,” which means “bad,” and “phone” (sound).
There are some example of cacophonies in our daily life, such as the sound of vehicles on the road followed by the shouting horns, chatter, or a mixed sound of music. According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, there are some related vocabulary to “cacophony.” They are “blast,” “uproar,” “clatter,” etc.
Lastly, here are some example of sentences that contain “cacophony”
“The room is full of people. I think I will stay here since their voices are cacophonies to me.”
“The increasing number of personal vehicles is the main cause of cacophony on the road.”
Hello, dear Fellas. I wish you a happy new year although the moment has already passed. I hope you will achieve your plans and have a better year!
Today we will have a talk about ‘youthquake.’ Maybe some of you knew that ‘youthquake’ is actually the word of the year in 2017, but this word is new for me and perhaps for one of you, too. Besides, there is no time limit in learning. Don’t you agree?
I saw ‘youthquake’ at the very first time while I was browsing some news in Jakarta Post. It stated that Oxford Dictionary named it as the word of 2017.
‘Youthquake’ means a significant change in some aspect, such as political, social, business, culture, etc., that was lead by young people. Could you give me some example of something as the product of the change? As a simple illustration, I think the significant raise of cafes is.
Hello, Fellas. How are you today? This evening we are going to discuss “debutante.” Are you familiar with this word?
The very first time I found “debutante” is when I was reading historical fiction novel. It was about a selection to get a bride for crown prince of a kingdom.
If you take a look in Merriam-Webster dictionary, “debutante” is originally a French word. It means grand attendance of an upper-class young lady to parties. Since they are a high-class parties, the lady definitely wears her best gown to create a good impression.
Generally, debutantes will be presented in a royal party in order where the nobles may choose one of them as their soon-to-be bride. Here are some illustration of the “debutante” usage in a sentence:
“Nina is the most debutante in this season.”
“A debutante should have a beauty as well as a good education.”
You see it right, Fellas. We will discuss the word ‘gratis’ today.
I knew ‘gratis’ as a Dutch word when I attended a short Dutch course several months ago. At that time, I thought that ‘gratis’ had originally been brought by Dutch in colonization era and then we adopted it into Indonesian vocabulary. However, It surprised me when I found the word ‘gratis’ in English written book I am currently reading.
After I did a brief research, ‘gratis’ is originally Latin. It means kindness or thankful. You might find there are other sources, such as Collins dictionary and Merriam-webster, stated ‘gratis’ is also borrowed from the word ‘gratia’ which means favour. It is known that people started to be familiar with this word in late Middle English period (15th century.)
As an English vocabulary, ‘gratis’ shares the same meaning to Dutch or Indonesian. ‘Gratis’ means free or without (money) charge. In addition, it can be an adverb or an adjective.
“You don’t need to pay for this hamburger. It’s gratis.”
“I got this bicycle gratis for winning a competition.”
“You can get a gratis ice cream if you show this coupon to McD staff.”
Latin is well-known as a universal language, especially in science. So, you may find it in other literature, too, e.g., German, Italian, and Portuguese.
Hi fellas, have you ever corrected someone’s insignificant typo or other ignorable mistake? Well, did you know there’s a word for that? It’s “nitpick“.
“Nitpick” can act as a verb or a noun. The word means criticizing small and unimportant detail. For example, when your friend type “Youre welcome” in a text message and you correct him saying he missed an apostrophe, you’re nitpicking at him. When using “nitpick” as a verb with an object, you can say “nitpick at” or “nitpick about“.
Here are some example sentences with “nitpick”:
“It’s a really well-designed house, I can’t find thing to nitpick about.”
“People can nitpick all they want but I’m still proud of my first published book that I worked very hard for.”
“We get along very well although sometimes we can’t help nitpicking at each other.”
‘Whilst’ is a conjunction (kata sambung), a word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause.
As a conjunction, ‘whilst’ means the same as ‘while‘. Both mean ‘during the time that something else happens.’
She reads a novel whilst waiting for her boyfriend.
She reads a novel while waiting for her boyfriend.
‘Whilst’ and ‘while’ indicate that two events are happening at the same time.
On going events:
reading a novel
waiting for boyfriend
Not just that, both ‘whilst’ and ‘while’ can also mean ‘in contrast with something else.’
Her top is white, whilst her pants are black.
Her top is white, while her pants are black.
Here’s another example of using ‘whilst’ in showing contrast.
Whilst ‘of’ refers to possession, ‘from’ refers to origins.
So, you may now ask:
When should we use ‘whilst’? Or should we use ‘while’ instead?
Actually, the real question is not ‘when’ to use them; but ‘where‘ you should use ‘whilst.’
For Americans, the word ‘whilst’ tends to have an archaic ring. ‘Whilst’ is rarely used in American English. The use of ‘whilst’ gives the impression that the writer is British. ‘Whilst’ is fairly common in British publications.
So that sums up our discussion on the word ‘whilst.’ I hope the explanation was clear enough and not too boring. However, if you still have any question on how to use ‘whilst’ (or any other topic), feel free to hit us up.
I want to highlight that I spent my breaks from work today to watch some inspiring TED Talks. What I admire about the speakers in those talks is how eloquent they are. I think their eloquence is part of what makes their talks powerful and persuasive.
Anyway, that brings us to our #WOTD today: Eloquent.
Eloquent is an adjective. The word means having the ability to use language clearly and effectively. An eloquent person is good at speaking and persuading people. Eloquent can also mean clearly expressing feeling or meaning when the word is used to describe speech or a writing. Words synonymous to eloquent are articulate, expressive, and fluent.
In addition to the sentence that I tweeted earlier, here are more examples of how to use eloquent in a sentence:
Her argument was expressed so eloquently that the audience can’t help but agree with it.
That eloquent storyteller has published a very beautiful novel recently.
Do you like coffee, Fellas? If you do, then this is the perfect article for you to enrich your vocabulary about coffee! Please do chime in anytime! I’m not an expert in coffee-ology but I love it so much I decided to compose an article about it.
Barista. Meaning: You already know this. A person who makes coffee drinks as a profession.
Espresso. Meaning: not expresso. Strong dark coffee prepared by forcing near-boiling water under pressure to finely ground coffee beans.
Americano. Meaning: one or two shots of espresso with additional water.
Cappuccino. Meaning: 1/3 of coffee, 1/3 of milk, 1/3 of foam. Sometimes topped with chocolate powder.
Crema. Meaning: reddish substance that appears on top of espresso during the brewing period.
Latte. Meaning: Coffee with a lot (approx.: 8 oz.) of steamed milk. Flavoring may be added to form flavored lattes.
Decaf/decaffeinated. Meaning: Coffee without its psychoactive substance aka caffeine. (But why?)
Mocha/Caffè Mocha. Meaning: may refer to many kinds of coffee but basically it is chocolate caffè latte.
So that was it, Fellas! I hope now you know the difference between cappuccino and latte!
In this occasion, we are going to discuss a word that I just discovered when reading a research on language teaching and the word is ‘salience.’ Salience (noun) means is the state or condition of being prominent. (Salient; adjective)
Oxford dictionary defines the word ‘salience’ as most noticeable or important. Meanwhile, Cambridge defines the same word as the fact of being important to or connected with what is happening or being discussed.
The word is prominently found in linguistics and other fields of studies, such as sociology, psychology, and political studies. In psychology, for example, we have ‘social salience,’ which means a set of reasons which draw an observer’s attention toward a particular object.
‘Salience’ comes from the Latin ‘salire‘, meaning ‘to leap.’
In short, we could draw a conclusion that ‘salience’ shares the same sense to ‘importance.’
Some examples of ‘salience’ in sentences are:
The salience of these facts was questioned by several speakers.
Our birthday will always be a date that jumps out at you with a lot of salience.
Away from these predominantly liberal arenas, however, white identity has found a more potent form of salience. (The New Yorker)
The researchers saw a drop in activity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, part of the salience network of the brain. (Time)
Crises, particularly wars, may increase the salience of national considerations. (Salon)
Those are some information on the word ‘salience’ that we have gathered for you. Hope it’s clear enough to sufficiently introduce you to the word and its usage.