Category Archives: vocabulary

#EngQuiz: phrasal verbs

I always agree (…) my mom about that thing.
on
with
to
According (…) the news, the government has successfully overcome the crisis.
with
on
to
A baby sitter looked (…) the baby while her mother went shopping.
for
after
in
The students must hand (…) their assignment by Wednesday.
in
on
to
Many people sided (…) John’s opinion.
at
with
on
I have to consult (…) my wife before making a decision.
to
at
with
You are not allowed to smoke in this area. Please put (…) your cigarette.
on
out
in
Mr. and Mrs. Kingston are very happy (…) their new house.
about
with
in
Everyone in the class laughed (…) George because of his silly behavior.
on
to
at
Dan is always interested (…) studying mathematics.
with
about
in

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, January 24, 2012


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#EngTrivia: Though, tough, through, thorough, taught, thought

Saat pertama kali admin mulai belajar Bahasa Inggris, ada beberapa kata yang sering kali membingungkan. Kata-kata ini mirip dari segi penulisan dan pengucapannya. Post ini terinspirasi dari pertanyaan @winskiy  pada tanggal 22 Januari 2012.

Kata-kata yang sering membingungkan untuk dibedakan adalah antara: ‘through’, ‘though’, ‘thought’, ‘tough’, ‘thorough’, ‘taught’.

1. Though. (thō)

Berarti: walaupun/meskipun.

  • Contoh: Though they’re divorced, they still live together in that same house.

note: “Tho” adalah bentuk singkat yang biasa dipakai untuk menulis “though”, hanya digunakan secara kasual. Bisa diartikan: meskipun/biarpun begitu. “Tho” hanya diletakkan di akhir kalimat.

  • Contoh: It’s very hot. I can’t stop eating it tho (though).
  • Arti: (Makanan ini) sangat pedas. Meskipun begitu aku tidak bisa berhenti memakannya.

2. Tough. (tŭf)

Berarti: keras.

  • Contoh: You wouldn’t be able to cut that tough stone with a small chisel.

3. Tough (meat). (tŭf)

Berarti: (daging yang) keras/alot.

  • Contoh: That roast beef is too tough for him, he’s only got a couple of teeth left.

4. Tough. (tŭf)

Berarti: susah.

  • Contoh: Though I’ve studied hard and barely get any sleep, the test was just too tough.

5. Through. (thro͞o)

Berarti: melewati.

  • Contoh: The lovely couple walk hand in hand through the rose garden.

6. Thorough. (thûr′ō, thŭr′ō)

Berarti: secara keseluruhan/menyeluruh.

  • Contoh: After a thorough search, they found two packets of drugs in his room.

7. Taught. (tôt)

Berarti: mengajar (V2 of “teach”).

  • Contoh: My parents taught me not to talk to strangers, and to be polite to others.

8. Thought. (thôt)

Meaning: pikiran/pemikiran.

  • Contoh: Twitter is a place to share one’s thoughts in less than 140 characters.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, January 22, 2012


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#EngClass: “Until” vs “by”

Hey, fellas! Ada yang pernah bingung kapan kita menggunakan “until” dan kapan kita menggunakan “by”? Ayo kita bahas hari ini.

Perhatikan contoh di bawah. Dua kalimat ini punya arti berbeda:

  1. “I’m going to be home BY 5 pm.”
  2. “I’m going to be home UNTIL 5pm.”

Until

Kata ini menandakan suatu kegiatan sedang dan terus berlangsung hingga waktu tertentu.

Contoh:

  • “I’ll be here until 5 pm.”
    • Arti: “Aku akan ada di sini sampai jam 5,” “Sekarang aku ada di sini, dan akan terus di sini sampai jam 5.”

Until juga menunjukkan waktu berakhir/berhentinya suatu kegiatan.

Contoh:

  • “She has until next week to pay her debt.”
    • Arti: “Dia punya waktu sampai minggu depan untuk membayar hutang,” “Dia punya waktu dari sekarang hingga minggu depan u/ bayar hutang.”

By

“By” menandakan batas akhir suatu kegiatan, batas paling lambat untuk menyelesaikan suatu kegiatan.

Contoh:

  • “I will be back by Thursday.”
    • Arti: “Aku akan kembali paling lambat hari Kamis,” “Aku bisa kembali lebih awal, tapi paling lambat hari Kamis.”
  • “It must be ready by Friday.”
    • Arti: “Harus siap paling lambat hari Jumat,” “Boleh saja jadi/selesai sebelum hari Jumat. Tapi paling lambat hari Jumat.”

Kembali ke 2 contoh di awal tadi:

  1. “I’m going to be home BY 5 pm.”
    • Arti: Aku sedang tidak ada di rumah, aku akan ada di rumah paling lambat jam 5.
  2. “I’m going to be home UNTIL 5pm.”
    • Arti: Aku sedang ada di rumah dan terus ada di rumah sampai jam 5. Aku mungkin akan pergi sesudah jam 5.

PRACTICES

Ready to do some exercise? Choose either “until” or “by” to complete the following sentences.

  1. We must take a decision (until/by) Tuesday.
  2.  Mary should have waited (until/by) Tuesday to buy her new car.
  3.  Make sure you are at home (until/by) 8, my folks will be there to meet you.
  4.  Paul didn’t stop working (until/by) lunchtime.
  5.  Will you be here when I come back? No, I’ll probably have gone (until/by) then.
  6.  She’ll be waiting for your phone call (until/by) the end of the weekend.
  7.  Let’s wait here (until/by) it stops raining.
  8.  I’m studying every day (until/by) the test.
  9.  You have to finish the project (until/by) Tuesday.
  10.  His boss will be away (until/by) Monday. He’ll be back on Tuesday.

ANSWER KEYs:

  1. by
  2. until
  3. by
  4. until
  5. by
  6. until
  7. until
  8. until
  9. by
  10. until

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, January 22, 2012


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#EngTrivia: Chatting abbreviation

  1. ATM. Meaning: at the moment.
    • Example:
      • “I’m doing the assignment ATM.”
  2. BBL. Meaning: be back later.
    • Example:
      • “I want to eat first, BBL.”
  3. BTDT. Meaning: been there, done that.
    • Example:
      • “Yea it must be hurt to be cheated. BTDT.”
  4. K, KK. Meaning: okay, all right.
    • Example:
      • K, I understand.”
  5. L8R. Meaning: later (goodbye).
    • Example:
      • “Gotta go now. See you L8R.”
  6. LMAO. Meaning: laughing my ass off.
    • Example:
      • “LMAO of your jokes!”
  7. NM. Meaning: never mind.
    • Example:
      • “You don’t get it, do you? Nm.”
  8. ROFLMAO. Meaning: rolling on floor laughing my ass off.
  9. ROFLMAOQXZ. Meaning: seperti “ROFLMAO” tapi kamu menekan huruf lain saking lucunya.”
  10. Sup?. Meaning: what’s up? atau wassup?
    • Example:
      • “Hey, sup?”
  11. TTFN. Meaning: ta ta for now.
    • Example:
      • “Gotta go now. Ttfn.”
  12. SMH. Meaning: shake my head (bayangkan kita geleng2 kepala karna kelakuan seseorang).
  13. TTYL. Meaning: talk to you later.
  14. HARFO. Meaning: have a real fine one.
    • Example:
      • “That is great you are going on vacation next week, HARFO!”
  15. KTHXBI. Meaning: okay, thanks, bye.
    • Example:
      • “Please wake me up tomorrow at 6, kthxbi.”
  16. TTYN. Meaning: talk to you never.
    • Example:
      • “I hate you, ttyn.”
  17. FYI. Meaning: for your information.
    • Example:
      • “Fyi, today is my mom’s birthday.”
  18. IMHO. Meaning: “in my humble opinion.” ~ @NikmanHDJ
  19. PV. Meaning: “point of view” ~ @itsardhya
  20. TBH. Meaning: “to be honest.” ~ @DarkAngeLavigne
  21. AFAIK. Meaning: “as far as I know.” ~ @arisogot
  22. BRB. Meaning: “be right back.” ~ @fatimazza
  23. LDR. Meaning: “long distance relationship.” ~ @tiaradinda_
  24. POI. Meaning: “point of information.” ~ @bushtommy
  25. MIA. Meaning: “missing in action.” ~ @clicker4ever

Compiled and written by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, January 13, 2012


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#EngClass: “just” vs “only”

Just dan only sekilas punya kesamaan makna, yaitu ‘hanya’/’cuma.’ Tapi tidak selalu begitu lho. Coba kita bahas satu per satu yah.

Just bisa berarti:

  1. hanya
  2. tepat/baru saja (waktu)
  3. pas/sempurna
  4. tidak jauh/dekat sekali (jarak)

Contoh:

  1. I just need two bags.” (Aku hanya perlu dua buah tas.)
  2. I’ve just missed the bus.” [Aku baru saja ketinggalan bis. (Bisnya baruuuuuuu saja lewat tidak lama)]
  3. His work is just perfect.” [Hasil kerjanya pas/sempurna. (Pas banget sama keinginan)]
  4. The car stopped just in front of the shop.” [Mobil berhenti tidak jauh di depan toko. (Dekat sekali di depan toko)]

Only bisa berarti:

  1. hanya
  2. hanya satu tanpa yang lain

Contoh:

  • I only need two bags.” (Aku hanya perlu dua buah tas.)

Ketika bermaksud mengatakan “hanya”, ‘only’ dan ‘just’ bisa digunakan secara bergantian.

Contoh:

  • “I just have one pen.”
  • “I only have one pen.”

Namun ‘just’ tidak selalu menegaskan arti kalimat.

Contoh:

  • “I just come to thank you.”
  • “I only come to thank you.”

‘Just’ di kalimat (1) memberikan kesan sopan dan informal, tanpa menegaskan “hanya”.

Contoh lain:

  • Can I just ask you a question?”

‘Only’ di kalimat (2) memberi kesan tegas bahwa saya hanya mau berterima kasih, tidak mau mengatakan/melakukan hal lain.

Perhatikan posisi just/only, diletakkan di antara subject dan kata kerja. Ada yang pernah bertemu “only just“? ‘Only just‘ bisa berarti baru saja, hanya sedikit perbedaan (waktu).

Contoh:

  • We’ve only just begun.” [Kami baruuuuuu saja mulai. (Baru tidak lama mulai)]

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, January 8, 2012.


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#EngTrivia: British vs American English vocabulary

  1. BrE: car vs. AmE: auto. Arti: mobil.
  2. BrE: lorry. vs. AmE: truck. Arti: truk.
  3. BrE: pavement. vs. AmE: sidewalk. Arti: trotoar.
  4. BrE: road. vs. AmE: pavement. Arti: jalan.
  5. BrE: flyover. vs. AmE: overpass. Arti: jembatan layang, jembatan di atas jalan.
  6. BrE: traffic jam. vs. AmE: tailback. Arti: kemacetan lalu lintas.
  7. BrE: queue. vs. AmR: stand in line. Arti: antre.
  8. BrE: shopping trolley. vs. AmE: shopping cart. Arti: kereta belanja.
  9. BrE: prawn. vs. AmE: shrimp. Arti: udang.
  10. BrE: sweets. vs. AmE: candy. Arti: permen.
  11. BrE: rubber. vs. AmE: eraser. Arti: penghapus.
  12. BrE: taxi. vs. AmE: cab. Arti: taksi.
  13. BrE: rubbish. vs. AmE: garbage, trash. Arti: sampah.

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Saurday, November 25, 2011


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#EngVocab: Choose the right words

Choose the right answers to fill in the gaps.

Everybody loves Anne __________ Ian.
A) accept
B) except
Don’t bring too many bags, otherwise you will have to pay for the _________ baggage.
A) excess
B) access
Have you had your breakfast __________?
A) already
B) all ready
The city’s public library is __________ our school.
A) besides
B) beside
__________ and shine, people!
A) Rise
B) Raise
The loss of his wife has entirely __________ his life.
A) effected
B) affected
I feel so tired. Let me __________ down for a while.
A) lie
B lay
Please keep the __________ in case you need to check your expenses in the future.
A) receipt
B) recipe
The __________ was delicious!
A) dessert
B) desert
Anne is good at making __________ designs of party dresses.
A) costume
B) custom
Ian didn’t buy the shoes because they were a bit __________.
A) lose
B) loose
Anne works at the Human Resources Department as a __________ officer.
A) personnel
B) personal
/quiz]
Ian is always good at making __________ to people he meets for the first time.
A) complement
B) compliment
The travelers __________ around the foreign city all by themselves.
A) wondered
B) wandered
They had an accident because the car’s __________ was broken.
A) break
B) brake

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, November 28, 2011


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#EngVocab: Phrasal verbs

  1. Ask someone out. Meaning: mengajak kencan.
    • Example:
      • “John asked Mia out to dinner and a movie.”
  2. Back someone up. Meaning: mendukung.
    • Example;
      • “My girilfriend backed me up over my decision to quit my job.”
  3. Put up with. Meaning: mentolerir.
    • Example:
      • “I can’t put up with your attitude.”
  4. Bring someone down. Meaning: membuat sedih.
    • Example:
      • “Your words are bringing me down.”
  5. Call something off. membatalkan.
    • Example:
      • “John called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.”
  6. Cut in. Meaning: menginterupsi/memotong.
    • Example:
      • “Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.”
  7. Get along. Meaning: saling menyukai satu sama lain/cocok.
    • Example:
      • “I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along.”
  8. Chill out. Meaning: santai saja.
    • Example:
      • “Just chill out!”
  9. Work out. Meaning: berhasil/sukses.
    • Example:
      • “Our plan didn’t work out.

Compiled and written by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, November 2, 2011


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#EngVocab: Phrasal verbs with “look”

  1. ‘Look after.’ Meaning: menjaga.
    • Example:
      • “She looked after her sisters while their mother was in hospital.”
  2. ‘Look back.’ Meaning: memikirkan masa lalu.
    • Example:
      • “We don’t need to look back to know who we really are.”
  3. ‘Look down on.’ Meaning: memandang rendah.
    • Example:
      • “He looks down on his colleagues because he thinks he’s better than they are.”
  4. ‘Look for.’ Meaning: mencoba untuk menemukan.
    • Example:
      • I’ve been looking for my dog but I can’t find him.”
  5. ‘Look forward to.’ Meaning: menantikan sesuatu yang menyenangkan.
    • Example:
      • “I’m looking forward to meeting you.”
  6. ‘Look in.’ Meaning: berkunjung sebentar.
    • Example:
      • “I’ll look in on my way home.”
  7. ‘Look in on.’ Meaning: berkunjung sebentar untuk mengecek apakah semuanya baik-baik saja.
    • Example:
      • “I’m going to look in on grannie on the way home tonight.”
  8. ‘Look into.’ Meaning: meneliti, menyelidiki.
    • Example:
      • “We’ll look into the problem and come back to you soon.”
  9. ‘Look on.’ Meaning: menyaksikan sesuatu dengan seksama.
    • Example:
      • “They look on as the murderer was executed.”
  10. ‘Look on as.’ Meaning: menganggap.
    • Example:
      • “I look on you as a very thoughtful person.”
  11. ‘Look out.’ Meaning: hati-hati.
    • Example:
      • Look out! You’re going to drop that!”
  12. ‘Look over.’ Meaning: meninjau.
    • Example;
      • Look over the proposal before the meeting.”
  13. ‘Look round.’ Meaning: meninjau suatu tempat.
    • Example:
      • “We arrived early at the theater and spent a few minutes looking round. “
  14. ‘Look to.’ Meaning: berharap.
    • Example:
      • “He looked to hear from her within a week.”
  15. ‘Look up.’ Meaning:
    1. meningkat.
      • Example;
        • “The economy is looking up.”
    2. mencari informasi di dalam buku referensi.
      • Example:
        • “I didn’t know the correct spelling so I had to look it up in the dictionary.
    3. mengunjungi.
      • “I look up an old friend.”
  16. ‘Look up to.’ Meaning: mengagumi.
    • Example:
      • “She looks up to her mother.”
  17. ‘Look upon as.’ Meaning: menganggap.
    • Example:
      • “She looked upon this affair as a joke.”

Compiled and writen by @Patipatigulipat at @Englishtips4U on Sunday, October 22, 2011


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#EngVocab: phrasal verbs with ‘get’

  1. ‘Get across.’ Meaning: menyampaikan sesuatu dengan baik.
    • Example:
      • “He’s an excellent speaker. He can get across even the most complicated ideas.”
  2. ‘Get along.’ Meaning:  memiliki hubungan yang baik, cocok.
    • Example:
      • “I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along.”
  3. ‘Get around.’ Meaning: bepergian.
    • Example:
      • “Since my car broke down, I’ve been getting around by bicycle.”
  4. ‘Get away.’ Meaning: pergi berlibur.
    • Example:
      • “We had a lovely holiday. We got away for a few days on the beach.”
  5. ‘Get away with.’ Meaning: melakukan hal illegal tanpa diketahui/dihukum.
    • Example:
      • “Jason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.”
  6. ‘Get back.’ Meaning: kembali.
    • Example:
      • “She’s still in Taiwan. She doesn’t get back until next week.”
  7. ‘Get back to.’ Meaning: berbicara lagi dengan seseorang.
    • Example:
      • “When I have more information, I’ll get back to you.”
  8. ‘Get back at.’ Meaning: balas dendam.
    • Example:
      • “My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.”
  9. ‘Get by.’ Meaning: cukup uang.
    • Example:
      • “It’s difficult to get by on a low salary.”
  10. ‘Get down to.’ Meaning: memulai suatu pekerjaan.
    • Example:
      • “If everybody is here, let’s get down to business.”
  11. ‘Get in.’ Meaning: tiba di rumah, memasuki.
    • Example:
      • “I’m really tired this morning. I didn’t get in until after midnight last night.”
  12. ‘Get round to.’ Meaning: memiliki waktu untuk mengerjakan sesuatu.
    • Example:
      • “Two months later, he finally got round to finishing that report.”
  13. ‘Get together.’ Meaning: bertemu dengan teman.
    • Example:
      • “Let’s get together for a BBQ this weekend.”
  14. ‘Get through.’ Meaning:
    1. lulus ujian.
      •  Example:
        • “We’re sure that you will get through your exam.” 
    2. berkomunikasi via telpon
      • Example:
        • “I couldn’t get through to them on the phone, so I emailed them the next day.”

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, September 20, 2011


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#EngTrivia: Same word, different meanings in UK and US

The differences between British and American English are somehow interesting. A word can have different meanings. Here are some of the words that we found pretty funny.

  1. Bogey. Meaning:
    • In UK: dried nasal mucus.
    • In US: an unidentified aircraft, often assumed to be that of an enemy.
  2. Entrée. Meaning:
    • In UK: starter of a meal.
    • In US: main course of a meal.
  3. Fall. Meaning:
    • In UK: to become pregnant.
    • In US: autumn.
  4. First floor (of a building). Meaning:
    • In UK: the floor above ground level.
    • In US: the floor at ground level (sometimes).
  5. Intern. Meaning:
    • In UK: replacement.
    • In US: one temporarily employed for practical training.
  6. Redcap. Meaning:
    • In UK: a military police officer.
    • In US: a baggage porter (as at a train station).
  7. Through (time). Meaning:
    • In UK: for a period of time, during.
    • In US: up to, until.
  8. Mate. Meaning:
    • In UK: friend.
    • In US: spouse or partner.

 

Compiled and written by at on Friday, August 12, 2011

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#EngGame: Common spelling mistakes

Rules of the game:

  1. Type the number of the question as you answer.
  2. Choose the right spelling between 2 words.

Let’s start!

  1. “Cemetery” or “cemetary”?
  2. “Espresso” or “expresso”?
  3. “Government” or “goverment”?
  4. “Enlightment” or “enlightenment”?
  5. “Forty” or “fourty”?
  6. “Pronounciation” or “pronunciation”?
  7. “Writting” or “writing”?
  8. “Ninth” or “nineth”?
  9. “Acknowledge” or “aknowlegde”?
  10. “Beautiful” or “beautifull”?
  11. “Bussiness” or “business”?
  12. “Misspell” or “mispell”?
  13. “Devide” or “divide”?
  14. “Grammer” or “grammar”?
  15. “Bycicle” or “bicycle”?
  16. “Chinese” or “Chinesse”?
  17. “Until” or “untill”?
  18. “Potatoes” or “potatos”?
  19. “Strength” or “strenght”?
  20. “Dissappear” or “disappear”?

ANSWERS:

  1. cemetery
  2. espresso
  3. government
  4. enlightenment
  5. forty
  6. pronunciation
  7. writing
  8. ninth
  9. acknowledge
  10. beautiful
  11. business
  12. misspell
  13. divide
  14. grammar
  15. bicycle
  16. Chinese (with capital letter)
  17. until
  18. potatoes
  19. strength
  20. disappear

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U  for@EnglishTips4U on Saturday, July 23, 2011


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#EngClass: British vs American English in Harry Potter books

Do you know buku Harry Potter dalam Bahasa Inggris dicetak dalam 2 versi, untuk Inggris (UK) dan Amerika Serikat (US). Ada yang mengoleksi buku Harry Potter dalam Bahasa Inggris? Kalau kamu bandingkan, ada perbedaan di British dan American English yang digunakan.

Contohnya ada di judul buku Harry Potter pertama, “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” (UK) dan “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone” (US).

Berikut adalah daftar penamaan hal-hal yang berbeda dalam British English dan American English di dalam buku Harry Potter:

  1. British English (BrE): car park. vs. American English (AmE): parking lot.
    • Arti: tempat parkir.
  2. BrE: jumper. vs. AmE: sweater.
    • Arti: baju hangat.
  3. BrE: nutter. vs. AmE: maniac.
    • Arti: orang gila.
  4. BrE: cupboard. vs. AmE: closet.
    • Arti: lemari.
  5. BrE: torch. vs. AmE: flashlight.
    1. Arti: lampu senter.
  6. BrE: biscuits. vs. AmE: cookies.
    • Arti: kue kering.
  7. BrE: letter boxes. vs. AmE: mailboxes.
    • Arti: kotak surat.
  8. BrE: dustbin. vs. AmE: trash can.
    • Arti: tempat sampah.
  9. BrE: cooker. vs. AmE: stove.
    • Arti: kompor.
  10. BrE: fringe. vs. AmE: bangs.
    • Arti: poni (rambut).
  11. BrE: motorbike. vs. AmE: motorcycle.
    • Arti: sepeda motor.
  12. BrE: comprehensive. vs. AmE: public school.
    • Arti: sekolah negeri.
  13. BrE: football. vs. AmE: soccer.
    • Arti: sepak bola.
  14. BrE: trolley. vs. AmE: cart.
    • Arti: kereta barang.
  15. BrE: rucksack. vs. AmE: backpack.
    • Arti: tas punggung.
  16. BrE: driver. vs. AmE: conductor.
    • Arti: masinis.
  17. BrE: trainers. vs. AmE: sneakers.
    • Arti: sepatu olahraga.
  18. BrE: sports lessons. vs. AmE: gym.
    • Arti: kelas olahraga.
  19. BrE: chips. vs. AmE: fries.
    • Arti: kentang goreng.
  20. BrE: queuing. vs. AmE: lining up.
    • Arti: mengantri.
  21. BrE: register. vs. AmE: roll call.
    • Arti: absensi.
  22. BrE: toilet. vs. AmE: bathroom.
    • Arti: kamar mandi.
  23. BrE: changing room. vs. AmE: locker room.
    • Arti: ruang ganti.
  24. BrE: dressing gown. vs. AmE: bathrobe.
    • Arti: jubah mandi.
  25. BrE: time-table. vs. AmE: schedule.
    • Arti: jadwal.

Do you know that the ending “-ise” and “-ize” in verbs such as “recognise” and “recognize” are both used in UK? However, “-ize” is only used in US.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for@EnglishTips4U on Thursday, July 21, 2011


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#GrammarTrivia: Uncountable noun

“Countable noun” memiliki bentuk singular (tunggal) dan plural (jamak), sementara “uncountable noun” memiliki bentuk singular saja.

Kebanyakan noun (kata benda) termasuk dalam “countable noun”.

Contoh:

  • “a baby” (bentuk singular) – “babies” (bentuk jamak).

uncountable noun” merujuk pada benda yang tak bisa dihitung. Benda yang termasuk dalam kategori ini antara lain zat, cairan, gas, ide abstrak.

Contoh

  • (zat) paper, gold, rock;
  • (benda cair) water, oil;
  • (gas) smoke, oxygen;
  • (ide abstrak) music, money.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for@EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, July 12, 2011


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#BusEng: Business English verbs (1)

All questions are taken from: Business English Verbs by David Evans, published by Penguin English.

  1. Advise. “They advised us to go to another bank.” The Indonesian word for “advise” is …
  2. Assemble. “The cars are assembled at our factory.” The Indonesian word for “assemble” is …
  3. Auction. “They auctioned the painting today.” The Indonesian word for “auction” is …
  4. Bribe. “He bribed the customs officer.” The Indonesian word for “bribe” is …
  5. Confess. “I must confess – I didn’t think of that.” The Indonesian word for “confess” is …
  6. Defraud. “He defrauded his business partner.” The Indonesian word for “defraud” is …
  7. Endorse. “The French team is endorsing our car.” The Indonesian word for “endorse” is …
  8. Foot the bill. “We all had to foot the bill.” The Indonesian meaning of “foot the bill” is …
  9. Go on strike. “They went on strike for more pay.” The Indonesian meaning of “go on strike” is …
  10. Go short. “She went short on sterling.” The Indonesian meaning of “go short” is …

ANSWERs:

  1. advise = menyarankan.
  2. assemble = merakit (pasif: dirakit).
  3. auction = melelang.
  4. bribe = menyuap.
  5. confess = mengakui.
  6. defraud = menggelapkan uang.
  7. endorse = membiayai/mensponsori/menyokong.
  8. shoot the bill = membayar semua biaya/tagihan.
  9. go on strike = mogok (kerja).
  10. go short = kekurangan.

TRIVIA: The ending “-ise” and “-ize” in verbs such as “recognise” and “recognize” are both used in UK. However, “-ize” only used in US.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, July 11, 2011


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#TOEFL: Vocabulary exercise (2)

RULES:

  1. Choose the right synonym of the word in the brackets.
  2. Type the number of the question as you answer.

Let’s go!

The criminal was asked to aid police in their (enquiry).
A) interview
B) investigation
C) questions
The use of penicillin is (diffuse).
A) limited
B) widely available
C) increasing
He (pored over) the questions until he couldn’t keep his eyes open anymore.
A) asked
B) examined
C) memorized
You will find the building at the main (intersection).
A) ending
B) crossing
C) roundabout
He found the smell of the lotus blossom (repugnant), and asked for a different flower.
A) enjoyable
B) disgusting
C) delightful
His boss (streamlined) company procedures.
A) increased
B) made easier
C) lost
Uncertainty about the economy is (widespread).
A) limited
B) everywhere
C) decreased
His comments can be rather (harsh) at times.
A) pleasant
B) extreme
C) precise
The issue (touched off) an argument between the two parties.
A) ended
B) began
C) complicated
You’d better get a few (winks) before tomorrow.
A) dollars
B) sleep
C) friends

Compiled and written by @ for@ on Saturday, July 8, 2011


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#EngGame: Talking about people

Rule of the game: please type the number of the question with your answer. There will be 10-15 questions. The topic is: People.

  1. Is the following sentence right or wrong? “This is Andy. He’s my elderly brother.”
  2. What do we call a person who works for someone else?
    • A) an employer
    • B) an employee
  3. She’s a very witty person. She’s …
    • A) clever with words
    • B) good with her hands
    • C) fit and strong
  4. Which of the following sentences is correct?
    • A) “She’s a very effective secretary.”
    • B) “She’s a very efficient secretary.”
  5. What do we call a person who causes damage and is noisy and violent in public places?
    • A) a hermit
    • B) a victim
    • C) a hooligan
  6. Which person is the ‘odd one out’?
    • A) widow
    • B) mother-in-law
    • C) uncle
    • D) fiancee
  7. Andrea is very stubborn. What is the synonym for ‘stubborn’?
    • A) strict
    • B) big-headed
    • C) obstinate
  8. Which person enjoys talking about other people’s private lives?
    • A) a neighbor
    • B) a gossip
    • C) an acquaintance
  9. Which of these adjectives have positive meanings?
    • affectionate,
    • bossy,
    • cheerful,
    • generous,
    • greedy,
    • mean,
    • reliable,
    • vain
  10. Which of the following is my brother’s son?
    • A) my nephew
    • B) my brother-in-law
    • C) my niece

ANSWER KEY:

  1. wrong. The right word should be “elder” as in “elder brother”.
  2. an employee. An employer is a person who gives you a job.
  3. A) clever with words.
  4. B) She’s a very efficient secretary.
  5. C) a hooligan.
  6. C) uncle. All others are female.
  7. C) obstinate.
  8. B) a gossip.
  9. Positive adjectives: affectionate, cheerful, generous, reliable.
  10. A) my nephew.

Compiled and written  by @ for@ on Thursday, June 30, 2011


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#TOEFL: Vocabulary exercise

Guys, ayo belajar vocabulary untuk persiapan TOEFL. Berikut ini beberapa kalimat dengan kata-kata yang ada di dalam tanda kurung. Pilih jawaban yang merupakan sinonim dari kata-kata di dalam  tersebut. Let’s start!

1. A rich kid was (abducted) yesterday. 
Rescued
Kidnapped
Killed
Betrayed 
2. What is the use of such a (barren) discussion. 
Arable
Verdant
Unfruitful
Fertile
3. The major (catalyst) in the English-language explosion was war. 
Stimulus
Catalog 
Castle
Catacomb
4. The actress’ (debut) on the stage was a success. 
First public performance
Acting 
Farewell party
Deceit
5. The vivacious little girl is like an (elf)
Apparition
Hobgoblin
Demon
Fairy
6. So much of life is merely a (farce)
Tragedy
Comedy
Mockery
Drama 
7. The fish in the dish was (garnished) with slices of lemon. 
Decorated
Diminished
Garnered
Garbled
8. She used to (harass) her husband by her continual demands for fine attire.
Entreat
Plead
Ask
Annoy; plague
9. The armistice brought an (immense) relief to the people.
Little
Unworthy
Enormous
Temporary
10. Don’t (joggle) me while I am writing.  
Haul
Hurl
Jerk
Shake slightly
11. The teacher gave the naughty boy a rap over the (knuckles)
Knells
Knockouts
Havoc
Joints around fingers
12. His (latent) talent was discovered by accident. 
Patent
Dynamic
Operative
Dormant
13. Do you believe that human nature is (malevolent)
Benevolent
Benign
Kind
Vicious
14. Inwara stuttering is the worst form of (nemesis). 
Reward
Just punishment
Meekness
Mystique
15. The patient was (obsessed) by the fear of operation.  
Detached
observed
Unconcerned
Preoccupied

 

Compiled and written by  for  on Monday, June 27, 2011

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