Category Archives: vocabulary

#EngVocab: British vs American vocabulary

Hi, Fellas! Good evening. How are your days? In this session I would like to share some differences on British and American vocabulary. #

  1. BrE: ‘flat’ vs. AmE: ‘apartment.’
    • Example:
      • “I love your new flat.”
      • “I love your new apartment.”
  2. BrE: ‘ground floor’ vs. AmE: ‘first floor.’ 
    • Example:
      • “We will meet at Starbuck on the ground floor.”
      • “We will meet at Starbuck on the first floor.”
  3. BrE: ‘mobile phone’ vs. AmE: ‘cell phone.’
    • Example:
      • “I lost my mobile phone.”
      • “I lost my cell phone.”
  4. BrE: ‘chemist’s’ vs. AmE: ‘drugstore’ or ‘pharmacy.’
    • Example:
      • “I work at the chemist’s in Fifth Avenue.”
      • “I work at the drugstore in Fifth Avenue.”
  5. BrE: ‘timetable’ vs. AmE: ‘schedule.’
    • Example:
      • “Our class timetable is packed for the next two days.”
      • “Our class schedule is packed for the next two days.”
  6. BrE: ‘nappy’ vs. AmE: ‘diaper.’
    • Example:
      • “We need extra nappies for the baby.”
      • “We need extra diapers for the baby.”
  7. BrE: ‘loo,’ vs. AmE: ‘restroom/bathroom.’
    • example:
      • “I need to use the loo.”
      • “I need to use the restroom.”

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Friday, September 21, 2018

 

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#EngVocab: What to say instead of using ‘very’ (2)

Hi, Fellas! Happy Friday night! How’s your work/school? This evening I am going to share some words that is used to substitute a strong expression, such as ‘very beautiful,’ ‘very smart,’ etc. 

  1. Exhausted.’ Meaning: ‘very tired.’ 
    • Example:
      • ‘I have many classes today and I still need to attend reading club meeting. I’m exhausted.’
  2. Gorgeous.’ Meaning: ‘very pretty’.
    • Example:
      • ‘You look gorgeous in that dress.’
  3. Hysterical.’ Meaning: ‘very funny.’
    • Example:
      • ‘Look at his hysterical act. I can barely laughing.’ 
  4. Exact.’ Meaning: ‘very accurate.’
    • Example:
      • ‘That was the exact answer I want to hear!’
  5. Obvious.’ Meaning: ‘very clear.’
    • Example:
      • ‘I know Jess likes Andrew. It is obvious.’’ 
  6. Captivating.’ Meaning: ‘very interesting.’ 
    • Example;
      • ‘She is the most captivating girl I have ever met.’ 
  7. Compelling.’ Meaning: ‘very powerful’ (effect).
    • Example:
      • ‘I have no doubt he would win the competition, his arguments are compelling’’ 
  8. Essential.’ Meaning: ‘very necessary.’
    • Example:
      • ‘Vitamin C is one of essential nutrients for our body.’ 
  9. Exceptional.’ Meaning: ‘very special.’ 
    • Example:
      • ‘You can have my dresses, even my jewelries, but not my books. They are exceptional!’ 
  10. Innovative.’ Meaning: ‘very creative.’
    • Example:
      • ‘I think her idea is innovative.’’ 

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Friday, August 10, 2018

#EngVocab: Types of injuries

Hi, Fellas! Happy Friday night! How’s your day? I hope you have a great one.

“I feel so excited because tomorrow I am gonna meet my old friends…’ – @mukmukhsin

“Exhausting day.” – @Albet_isla 

“I feel so great because today is the last day of exam, and of course I’ll be free from my lectures.” – @FathiaRD

This evening we are going to talk about injuries. Do you know what kind of
injuries we usually have? Bruise? Sprain?

“Hamstring, football fans must be familiar with this injury haha.. It is a muscle strain injuries. It happens when the athletes do acceleration rapidly that can torn their muscle, or maybe overused their knee.” – @Albet_isla

  1. ‘Cut.’ Meaning: a wound that is caused by incision of sharp edged
    things, such as a knife.

    •  Example:
      • ‘Don’t touch my hand. I’ve just had a paper cut.’
  2. ‘Fracture.’ Meaning: one kind of injuries that is caused by the cracking/breaking of your bones.
    • Example:
      • ‘He got an arm fracture from falling down the stairs.’
  3. ‘Bruise.’ Meaning: a bluish/purplish color on your skin led by the bursting of your blood vessels.
    • Example:
      • ‘I’ve just accidentally knocked my knee. I hope it wouldn’t cause any bruise.’
  4. ‘Splinter.’ Meaning: a small and thin break on your skin. I think in
    Bahasa it is known for ‘goresan.’

    • Example:
      • ‘In spite of a cut, you can get a splinter if you use the knife carelessly.’
  5. ‘Sunburn.’ Meaning: a reddening skin (inflamation) because of the overexposure of ultraviolet.
    • Example:
      • ‘I was told that Aloe vera is used to treat sunburn.’
  6. ‘Whiplash.’ Meaning: asuddent jolt, e.g., on the neck, limbs, or arms, which cause an injury.
    • Example:
      • ‘I experienced whiplash on my knee when I was started
        yoga for the very first time.’
  7. ‘Bite.’ Meaning: a kind of injuries that formed if you were bitten by someone or animals, such as dogs, cats, or maybe snakes.
    • Example:
      • ‘The dog’s bite left a mark for a quite long time.’
  8. ‘Sting.’ Meaning: a wound that is form by (usually) a sharp object that pierce through your skin, such as needles.
    • Example:
      • ‘I have a bee sting on my shoulder.’

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Friday, July 27, 2018

#EngVocab: Ways of expressing dislike

Hi, Fellas, how’s your day? I hope you have a great one, especially, it’s weekend!

Alright, this evening I would like to talk about some vocabulary that is related to ‘dislike.’ Before I start, I want to know whether you know the other words to express ‘disllke.’ Who knows it will be one of the words I am going to share to you.

1). ‘Can’t stand.’ Meaning: to not like something/someone very much.

Example:

  • ‘I can’t stand being around him.’

“In bahasa: tidak bisa bertahan.” – @Subaggiyo

“It is an expression that used when you can’t handle something and makes you want to give up, whether in the situation of angry or sad. P.s. that’s what I usually see and use it ” – @NeNi961111

 

2). ‘Allergic.’ Meaning: a strong feeling of not liking (aversion) something or maybe someone.

  • Example:
    • ‘She is allergic to shopping in malls.’

3). ‘Disgust.’ Meaning:

  1. a strong feeling of dislike because someone/something has an unpleasant trait, whether it is an appearance, smell, behavior, etc.
  2. anger of something bad, unfair, or inappropriate.

Examples:

  • ‘His arrogance disgusts me,’ ‘

4). ‘Detest.’ Meaning: an extreme dislike. Merriam Webster dictionary states that ‘detest’ is synonymous with ‘hate’ and it sometimes can be violent.

Example:

  • ‘I actually detest our school’s new regulation.’

5). ‘Dread.’ Meaning: to fear something greatly.

Example:

  • ‘My little brother dreads lightning. That’s why he always stay with my mother when it is raining.’

The next is ‘loathe.’ Does anyone know its meaning?

“Hate something so much.” – @aminocte

“It resembles with hate..” – @nanangfauzi

“Benci.” – @kaoshitam

“Feel dislike or disgust for sth.” – @uzunyolarabasi

6). ‘Loathe.’ has a similar meaning to ‘detest.’ The question is, what is the difference?

Merriam Webster said that ‘detest’ expresses antipathy while ‘loathe’ expresses intolerance.

Example:

  • ‘Andrew’s decision on terminating the project is loathed by his team members.’

7). ‘Repel.’ Meaning: be repulsive to something. On the other word, ‘repel’ could means resisting something.

Example:

  • ‘The idea of eating broccoli repels her.’

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Friday, June 29, 2018

#EngVocab: Eid al-Fitr Tradition

Hi, hello, fellas! How was your Eid al-Fitr holiday? Eid Mubarak for all of you who celebrated it.

While we are still in the festivities, I’d like to share some words related to Eid al-Fitr tradition in Indonesia.

architecture building city dawn
Photo by Indra Gunawan on Pexels.com

Mudik (Ina) = Homecoming trip (Eng)
A trip to our hometown that we usually do at the end of Ramadan.

Bermaaf-maafan (Ina) = forgiving one another (Eng)
It is believed that we should celebrate Eid al-Fitr with a clean mind, body, and soul, and forgiving one another is one way to achieve it.

Kemacetan panjang (Ina) = traffic congestion (Eng)
It is not exactly a tradition, but traffic congestion happens almost every year during homecoming. Luckily, the traffic and road condition have improved a lot this year.

Silaturahmi (Ina) = amity, tight friendship (Eng)
Refers to a close bond between two human beings who might or might not be related by blood.

Halalbihalal (Ina) = Gathering to ask for forgiveness (Eng)
An occasion when family or close friends gather to catch up with each other and ask/give forgiveness.

Ketupat (Ina) = Steamed rice cake wrapped in diamond-shaped palm leaves (Eng)
Similarly, we also have lontong (Ina) = steamed rice cake wrapped in banana leaves (Eng). Phew, quite a mouthful, isn’t it?

Opor ayam (Ina) = chicken braised in coconut milk (Eng)
One of the most popular dishes served during Eid al-Fitr celebration.

Rendang (Ina) = rendang (Eng)
This widely popular dish has been recognized by its own name, even when we are speaking English. We can also refer to it as meat simmered in spices and coconut milk.

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 18 June 2018.


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#EngVocab: Popular Internet Terms as of Mid-2018

Hi, fellas, how was your Monday? I was shook when I realized that we are halfway through 2018.

Does anyone recognize the word ‘shook’ that I used on the previous sentence? Have you ever read it before?

 

@catheramirez: ‘Surprise,’ ‘I can’t believe it.’

Q: @nadirantsy: Does shook have the same meaning with shocked? Same context?
A: Yes, but I think we should limit ‘shook’ to a relaxed, playful context. We don’t use it to express our sadness when hearing a bad news, for example.

 

‘Shook’ is one of the popular internet terms that we are going to discuss tonight. As languages are ever-evolving, these internet terms are actual English words whose meanings have changed over the years.

Here are some popular internet terms that are still used as of mid-2018:

Bamboozled
From the verb ‘to bamboozle’ (informal). It means to fool or cheat someone. It also means to confuse or perplex.
E.g.: “I’m bamboozled by the amount of retweets to my Twitter post.”

Boi/boye
A cute way to spell ‘boy.’ Usually used to a male dog.
E.g.: “Oh, you’re such a good boiiiiii…”

Burn
A reaction we gave when somebody has just been talked back to.
A: “Without the ugly in this world, there would be nothing beautiful.”
B: “Thank you for your sacrifice.”
C: “Burn!!”

Canceled
‘To cancel’ used to describe that an event would not take place OR a force negated another, but nowadays, netizen use ‘canceled’ to describe a dismissed or rejected person or idea.
E.g.: “If you don’t like my doggos, you will be canceled.”

Cringe and cringey
‘To cringe’ is to experience an inward shiver upon seeing or hearing something embarrassing. ‘Cringey’ is used as an adjective to describe something that causes somebody to cringe.
E.g.: “I cringed so hard when I watched her lip-synced performance. It was so cringey.”

Deceased
It was used to politely say that someone has passed away, but now, it is used to describe that something is really cool or awesome or funny that it takes our lives away.
E.g.: “OMG, my brother bought me tickets to a Rich Brian’s concert! I’m deceased!”

Doggo
Basically, it’s a cute way to say ‘dog.’
E.g.: “I just saw a super adorable, squishy, fluffy doggo.” insert crying face emojis

adorable animal beach canine
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

 

Extra
Something is ‘extra’ if it is done in an exaggerated, over-the-top way.
E.g.: “Rihanna’s outfit at the 2018’s Met Gala is so extra.”

Epic comeback
It used to describe a spectacular return of an artist, most of the time musicians, after a long hiatus. Now, it also means a witty (sometimes harsh) response to an insult.
A: “You’re so fat Thanos will have to snap his fingers twice.”
B: “Yeah, I’m fat, but you’re ugly. At least I can go on a diet.

Feels
All emotions mixed up: sadness, joy, envy, love, etc.
E.g.: “TVXQ’s comeback gave me all the feels.”

HMU
Stands for ‘hit me up,’ which means ‘contact me.’
E.g.: “HMU the next time you visit the city.”

Humblebrag
The act of bragging while appearing humble; the art of false modesty.
E.g.: “Who knew that constant vacations and holidays could be this exhausting?”

Lit
It used to describe the state of being drunk, but it is now used to express that something is exceptionally good.
E.g.: “The latest Arctic Monkey’s album was so lit it set my headphones on fire.”

Noob
A noob is a person who is inexperienced in a particular sphere or activity, especially computing or the use of the Internet. It came from the word ‘newbie.’ However, ‘newbie’ has a more positive connotation while ‘noob’ is intended as an insult.
A: “Hey guys, I’m kinda new here.“
B: “LOL, noob.”

Overproud
A reaction we gave when our nation or something originated from our nation is being talked about in a positive way.
A: “Did you know that an instant noodle brand from Indonesia was marketed worldwide?”
B: “Are you being overproud right now?”

Pwned
A gaming-style spelling of ‘owned,’ meaning being defeated badly.
E.g.: “Oh, snap, I was just pwned!”

Salty
Upset, angry, or bitter, after being made fun of or embarrassed. It can also be used to say that someone is mad.
E.g.: “Gosh, stop being so salty! You broke up with him; now it’s time to move on!”

Savage
Being ‘savage’ is saying or doing something harsh without a regard to the consequences.
A: “You’re so fat Thanos will have to snap his fingers twice.”
B: “Yeah, I’m fat, but you’re ugly. At least I can go on a diet.”
C: “Oooh, that was savage!”

Shady and throwing shade
Shady = suspicious
Throwing shade = talking bad about something or someone, without naming (but the audience knows anyway).
E.g.: “I think her last Instagram post was a shade thrown to me. I don’t know why she’s so shady.”

Shook
Originally, the word has a more serious connotation, as it means ’emotionally or physically disturbed.’ Nowadays, netizen use it as a playful way to say ‘surprised.’
E.g.: “She broke up with him? I’m shook!”

Stoked
It means being excited or euphoric.
E.g.: “When they told me I was on the team, I was stoked.”

Tea
A gossip or personal information belonging to someone else. The phrase ‘spill the tea’ is used the same way as ‘spill the bean’ is used, that is ‘to reveal an information that is supposed to be a secret.
E.g.: “The tea is exceptionally good today.”

Woke
Supposedly has the same meaning as ‘awaken,’ which is being enlightened, always in the know of everything that is happening in the world, more than anyone else.
E.g.: “I never consume any products coming from animals anymore. I guess I can say I’m woke.”

 

As what we always suggest, avoid using slang or internet terms in a formal interaction. If you befriend your employer or boss on social media, for example, both of you are still expected to converse formally. Any school assignments, essays, job applications, letter of recommendations, or business emails should be free from these terms either.

@kaonashily: instantly I feel ‘gaul’ knowing these ‘nowadays’ words.

@babygraace: I think salty isn’t just used when someone is being made fun or embarrassed.  E.g.: omg some people that watch my car vlogs literally get salty at me because I don’t put both my hands on the wheel!

Q: @sakurayujin: What about ‘shooketh?’
A: Even more surprised than ‘shook.’

 

Compiled and written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 11 June, 2018.


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#EngClass: Portmanteau

Cronut.jpg
A cronut (croissant + donut). Pic from Wikipedia.

Have you ever heard or used the word ‘portmanteau?’

A portmanteau (/pɔːrtˈmæntoʊ/) or portmanteau word is a blend of words, in which parts of multiple words or their sounds are combined into a new word. A portmanteau is also called blending word. For initial information of blending words, check out https://englishtips4u.com/2012/06/27/engclass-blending-words/

There are many portmanteau words that have been widely used, such as ‘smog’ (from ‘smoke’ + ‘fog’), ‘netizen’ (from ‘internet’ + ‘citizen’), or ‘workaholic’ (from ‘work’ + ‘alcoholic’).

If we categorize them, we will find that there are portmanteau words for:

  1. Animals.
    A new breed is usually named with a portmanteau word.
    E.g.:
    A ‘liger’ is the offspring of a male lion and a female tiger.
  2. Popular culture.
    E.g.:
    – ‘Brangelina’ is a portmanteau of Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie’s name.
    – ‘Bromance’ is a portmanteau of ‘brother’ and ‘romance,’ usually used to describe a tight friendship between two men.
  3. Vehicle.
    E.g.:
    – ‘Motorcycle,’ from ‘motorized’ + ‘bicycle.’
    – ‘Taxicab,’ from ‘taxi’ + ‘cabriolet’ (a type of horse carriage). Now, taxicab is more commonly known as simply ‘taxi’ or ‘cab.’
  4. Cuisine.
    E.g.:
    – ‘Brunch,’ from ‘breakfast’ + ‘lunch.’
    – ‘Cronut,’ from ‘croissant’ + ‘doughnut.
  5. General use.
    E.g.:
    – ‘Brexit,’ from ‘Britain’ + ‘exit.’
    – ‘Hangry,’ from ‘hungry’ + ‘angry.’
  6. Internet and computing.
    E.g.:
    – ‘Email,’ from ‘electronic’ + ‘mail.’
    – ‘Internet,’ from ‘international’ + ‘network.’
    – ‘Skype,’ from ‘sky’ + ‘peer-to-peer.’
  7. Organizations/companies.
    E.g.:
    – ‘Pinterest,’ from ‘pin’ + ‘interest.’
    – ‘Microsoft,’ from ‘microcomputer’ + ‘software.’

 

@Rnfadillaa: I just knewwww netizen means internet citizen. Thanksss @EnglishTips4U.
@laptamy: How about Frienemy? Is it a portmanteau too?
Yes, ‘frenemy’ comes from ‘friend’ + ‘enemy,’ used to describe someone with whom we have a love-hate relationship.

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 18 April, 2018.


RELATED POST(S):

#EngVocab: Adjectives That Describe Personalities (3)

Hi, fellas! How are you?

We meet again in another series of adjectives that could describe someone’s personality. For the first and second installment of this topic, please visit: https://englishtips4u.com/2012/07/13/engvocab-adjectives-that-describes-personality/ and https://englishtips4u.com/2018/03/12/engvocab-adjectives-that-describe-personalities-2/

Daft = silly, foolish (informal use).
“There is nothing daft about my fondness for Daft Punk. Their music suits my taste.”

Daft Punk.jpg
Daft Punk (pic from grammy.com)

Deranged = mad, insane.
“Police managed to stop that deranged gunman before he could shoot anyone.”

Debonair = from old French ‘de bon aire,’ meaning stylish, charming, and confident. Usually used to describe a man.
“Many who have met Nicholas Saputra described the actor as debonair.”

Dapper = Neat, well-dressed. Also used to describe a man.
“The Academy Awards were crowded by charming ladies and dapper gentlemen.”

Eloquent = fluent and persuasive in speaking or writing.
“She is quite an eloquent young lady. She would make a good public speaker.”

Enchanting = delightfully charming or attractive.
“Unlike her casual daily appearance, she became an enchanting lady on her wedding day.”

Expressive = effectively conveying thoughts or feelings.
“Emilia is such an expressive person. We could know how she feels by looking at her face.”

Emilia clarke
Emilia Clarke (pic from pinterest).

Fair = in accordance with rules or standards.
“If you should become a leader, be a fair one.”

Faithful = loyal, devoted.
“Her late husband was a faithful person. He always spent his free time with the family.”

Fearless = bold, brave.
“Naomi Campbell is a fierce, fearless woman. No wonder she has the longest running career as a supermodel.”

Flirtatious = behaving in such a way to suggest a playful attraction.
“Who was the flirtatious guy you were talking to? He seemed to make you uncomfortable.”

Frank = open, honest, and direct in speech or writing, especially when dealing with unpalatable matters.
“Is she always so frank, even though not so many people agree with her?”

Funky = modern and stylish in an unconventional or striking way.
“Lady Gaga is funky and quirky, in an extraordinary way.”

Lady Gaga.jpg
Lady Gaga (pic from pinterest).

 

There they go, fellas! As ever, the best way to practice and memorise new vocabularies is by using them a lot. Start incorporating these new words in your daily conversation. Check your dictionaries often to understand the context better.

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 9 April, 2018.


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#IOTW: Idioms Related to Transportation and Travel

Hello, fellas! How’s your weekend?
Let’s discuss idioms related to transportation and travel! Here we go! #IOTW
On the same boat: sharing a particular experience or circumstance with someone else. 

E.g.: “You’re not the only one who failed to get the concert ticket. We’re on the same boat!” 

Jump on the bandwagon: to join or follow something once it is successful or popular. 

E.g.: “I heard Black Panther movie is phenomenal, but I’m not going to jump on the bandwagon and watch it. Superhero movie isn’t my cup of tea.”

Paddle one’s own canoe: to be able to act independently. 

E.g.: “Since I turned 25 this year, mom expected me to paddle my own canoe.”

Backseat driver: someone who tells the others how to do things. 

E.g.: “I don’t need a backseat driver on this project. Stop pestering me with all your advice.”

Hit the road: to leave, especially on a road trip.

E.g.: “Let’s hit the road before dawn.”
Itchy feet: the need to leave or to travel. 

E.g.: “Seeing the picture of a beach really gives me the itchy feet.”

Sail through (something): to complete something quickly and with ease. 

E.g.: “My thesis sailed through the professor with no debate.”

A third/fifth wheel: An unwanted or unnecessary person. 

E.g.: “Ann invited me to go to the movies, but if she also invited her boyfriend, I wouldn’t be joining. I would feel like a third wheel there.”
That wraps up our session, fellas! See you on another session.

Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, March 24, 2018.

#UKSlang: Sherlock (1)

Who here is a fan of BBC’s Sherlock and just can’t wait for the next season? The detective, along with his sidekick, Dr Watson, has captured the hearts of many across the world. In my opinion, the modern twist added to the latest adaptation only made the iconic detective story fresher and more relatable. If you haven’t seen it, go check the original DVDs.

Sherlock SS1.jpg
BBC’s Sherlock.

Most characters on BBC’s Sherlock are well-articulated, and although it makes it a little difficult for non-native speaker to understand what they are saying, it does provide a good amount of new words to add into our vocabulary.

This article will discuss some of the slangs. If you are using these words, use them with caution, because some of them are quite impolite. We’ll start with season 1.

  1. “Sorry — gotta dash. I left my riding crop in the mortuary.” – Sherlock (S01E01).
    Gotta dash (v.) = to have to go quickly, to be in a hurry.

  2. “I’ll make you that cuppa. You rest your leg.” – Mrs Hudson (S01E01).
    Cuppa (n.) = a cup of coffee or tea.

  3. John: “What do people normally say?”
    Sherlock: “’Piss off!’” (S01E01).
    Piss off (v.) = Go away.

  4. “Either way, you’re wasted as a cabbie.” – Sherlock (S01E01).
    Cabbie (n.) = taxi driver.
    Cab (n.) = taxi.

  5. “Because I had a row, in the shop, with a chip-and-PIN machine.” – John (S01E02).
    Row (n.) = quarrel, fight.

  6. “Well, grab a pew.” – Sebastian (S01E02).
    Grab a pew (v.) = take a seat.

  7. “Your friend… he’s an arrogant sod.” – Dimmock (S01E02).
    Sod (n.) = an obnoxious person.

  8. “Nine million quid, for what?” – Sherlock (S01E02).
    Quid (n.) = pound sterling.

  9. “We end up havin’ a bit of a ding-dong, don’t we?” – Murder suspect (S01E03).
    Ding-dong (n.) = an argument.

  10. “Told you you should’ve gone with the lilo.” – Sarah (S01E03)
    Lilo (n.) = an inflatable plastic or rubber mattress.

If you have others, drop them on the comment section below!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 21 March, 2018.


 

RELATED POST(S):

#EngVocab: Adjectives That Describe Personalities (2)

We know that English is very rich in expressions. We can describe anyone and anything with so many ways; idioms, phrases, and words amongst many others. We will discuss one of them.

Before you continue reading, you might want to check our previous article on this subject: #EngVocab: Adjectives That Describe Personalities.

Anhedonic = unable to feel happiness.
“In the ‘Winnie the Pooh,’ Eeyore is described as a depressed, anhedonic stuffed donkey.”

Agreeable = pleasant, enjoyable.
“She’s an agreeable companion. You won’t get bored.”

Assertive = self-assured, confident (without being aggressive).
“As a team leader, you should be more assertive.”

Bold = strong, brave, willing to take a risk.
“She’s so bold. She does not wait for anyone to introduce her to the CEO.”

Brooding = showing deep unhappiness.
“He’s always brooding; I don’t know what’s wrong with him.”

Childish = immature.
“She’s so childish that she always throws tantrums over small problems.”

Childlike = innocent, having good qualities associated with a child.
“Her laughter is childlike; it’s contagious.”

Chirpy = cheerful, lively.
“Quenzino is such a chirpy little fella. I wanna pinch his cheeks.”

pexels-photo-774910.jpeg
A chirpy baby (Picture from WordPress).

 

Dark = mysterious.
“Whenever I forget to bring my driving license with me, the police always look like dark and intimidating figures.”

Dim = stupid (informal use) OR dim-witted = slow (in Bahasa Indonesia: lemot).
“Please don’t use sarcasm with him. He’s dim; he won’t get it.”

To make it easier to memorize them, try to use one of the words on the list on your daily conversations. Be careful with some words that have a negative connotation.

P.S.: The list will continue.

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 12 March, 2018.


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#EngVocab: Phrasal Verbs with ‘Get’

Hey, fellas! How do you do?

It’s time for us to get along  more and discuss phrasal verbs together!
The previous tweet contains a phrasal verb. Phrasal verb is a phrase that consists of a verb with a preposition or adverb or both. The meaning of phrasal verb is different from the original verb.
Below is the list of the phrasal verb with ‘get’ to enrich your vocabulary.

  1. Get along (with something/someone): be friendly.

E.g.: “My classmates and I get along very well. We eat together in lunch time.”


  1. Get out: to leave; used for telling someone to leave. 

E.g.: “I’m studying here! Please get out of my room!” 

  1. Get over (something): to deal with or gain control of something.

E.g.: “She can’t get over her happy feeling.”

  1. Get through to (something): to go forward to the next step of a process.

E.g.: “He got through to the final round of audition.”

  1. Get by: to survive by using the money, knowledge, etc. that you have.

E.g.: “How are you getting by these days?”

  1. Get away: to leave from a person or place.

E.g.: “We’ve decided to visit countryside to get away from this city.”

  1. Get up: to get out of bed after sleeping. 

E.g.: “My sister gets up at 4:30 every morning.”

  1. Get rid of (something): to remove or throw away something. 

E.g.: “Mr. Jo got rid of their old sofa and bought a new one.”

  1. Get off: to escape a punishment; to stop an action from someone or something.

E.g.: “The suspect will get off with a caution.”

“Would you please get your feet off the table?”
10. Get in: to arrive at home or at work.

E.g.: “She never gets in before 6:50 in the morning.”

That’s all for today, fellas! It’s time for #EngVocab session to get away and let another session take over tomorrow.
Written and compiled by @anhtiss on @EnglishTips4U. Saturday, December 16, 2017

#EngTrivia: Choice of words

Hi, Fellas.  How are you today? We meet again in #EngTrivia session.

This evening I will share some words which can be the alternative of daily casual words. You can use these selections in your IELTS test essay performance.

  1. ‘Accelerate.’ Meaning: ‘speed up.’
    • Example:
      • “My friend had join a special class in his high school, so he can accelerate his grade.”
  2. ‘Additionally.’ Meaning: ‘there is more.’
    • Example:
      • “Additionally, we have to prepare the gift for this holiday session.”
  3. ‘Allow.’ Meaning: ‘let.’
    • Example:
      • “My parents allowed me to drive to school.”
  4. ‘Anecdote.’ Meaning: ‘joke.’
    • Example:
      • “There are plenty of silly anecdote in social media nowadays.”
  5. ‘Anticipate.’ Meaning: ‘expect.’
    • Example:
      • “The movie was as good as I have anticipated.”
  6.  ‘Beneficial.’ Meaning: ‘good for (something).’
    • Example:
      • “Do you think this purchasing system would be beneficial for our company?”
  7. ‘Utilize.’ Meaning: ‘use.’
    • Example:
      • “This manual has a detail description of utilizing the incubator.”
  8.  ‘Sufficient.’ Meaning: ‘enough.’
    • Example:
      • “Our country still have a sufficient rice stock and it will last approximately until next year.”
  9. ‘Pleased.’ Meaning: ‘happy.’
    • Example:
      • “Pleased to meet you.”
  10. ‘Perhaps.’ Meaning: ‘maybe.’
    • Example:
      • “I am not sure I would able to attend the meeting on time. Perhaps, my assistant could cover me for several minutes.”

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, December 7, 2017

#EngVocab: Phrasal verbs related to shopping

Hi, Fellas! We finally meet again in #EngVocab session. Today I am going to share some phrasal verbs related to shopping.

Is anyone here fond of shopping? Could you give me some example of phrasal verbs that I possibly share to you this evening?

  1. ‘Sell out.’: Meaning: selling all of the supply you have.
    • Example:
      • “This face moisturizer is women’s favorite. So, it is usually sold out in a meantime.”
  2. Try on.’ Meaning: to put on a piece of clothing in order to see if it fits.
    • Example:
      • “Try this dress on. We can make some correction if it’s too big on you.”
  3. Pay for.’ Meaning: giving the money to buy something.
    • Example:
      • “Don’t worry, I will pay for the cakes.”
  4. ‘Queue up’ or ‘line up.’ Meaning: waiting in a line behind a person.
    • Example:
      • “You can sit on the sofa in the customer service area while lining up at the cashier.”
  5. Shop around.’ Meaning: to compare the prices before buying something.
    • Example:
      • “If you want to get the best outfit with the best price in Beringharjo, you have to shop around the market.
  6. ‘Take off.’ Meaning: to remove a clothing.
    • Example:
      • “Take off your jeans before you try the skirt.”
  7. ‘Turn down.’ Meaning: refusing something.
    • Example:
      • “The vendor gave me too high price for the shoes. So, I turned it down.”

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, November 23, 2017

#EngVocab: Other ways to say ‘little’

Hello, fellas! What are you doing? Do you know that there are some other words to express ‘little?’

  1. Tiny (adj). Meaning: extremely small
    • Example:
      • “The glass shattered into a thousand tiny pieces.”
  1. Teeny (adj). Meaning: informal expression of tiny.
    • Example:
      • “Just a teeny slice of cake for me, please.”
  1. Diminutive (adj). Meaning: notably small.
    • Example:
      • “Ant-man is such a diminutive figure, less than two feet tall.”
  1. Microscopic (adj).:Meaning very small and only able to be seen with a microscope.
    • Example:
      • “He photographed every aspect of the object in microscopic detail.”
  1. Petite (adj). Meaning: small in size.
    • Example:
      • “She was small and petite with long blonde hair.”
  1. Slight (adj). Meaning: small in amount
    • Example:
      • “There’s a slight chance of rain.”
  1. Wee (adj).:Meaning: small, little (informal word use by mainly Scottish people)
    • Example:
      • “The wizard reached out, caught the wee creature in his hand”
  1. Minuscule (adj).. Meaning: rather less, rather small.
    • Example:
      • “The new chemical substance is harmless in such minuscule amounts.”

That’s all for today, fellas! See you on another session!

Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, September 23, 2017.


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#EngTrivia: Confusing words

Hello, Fellas. How was your day?

In this session we are going to talk about some words which are resembles one another), for instance “appreciative” and “appreciable.” Do you know the meaning of those two words? How are they different?

“Appreciative” vs. “appreciable”

Regarding to Merriam-webster dictionary, “appreciative” means showing appreciation. There are some synonyms of this word, such as “admiring,” “applauding,” and “favorable.”

Example:

  • “I always love to show my creation to her because she is very appreciative.”

Meanwhile, “appreciable” means large enough to be noticed/measured. In other words, you can say “eye catching,” “prominent,” or “detectable.”

Example:

  • “There is an appreciable culture difference between Indonesia and America.”

“Shortly” vs. “briefly.”

If you asked me earlier about those two words, I might have said that they are synonymous. After I read some references, “shortly” means in a short time. In a simple way, you can also say “soon” or “in a while.”

Example:

  • “My mom will be home shortly.”

On the other hand, “briefly” means in a short period (space) of time.

Example:

  • “I am in a hurry, so I will briefly explain about simple tense to you.”

“Considerable” vs. “considerate”

“Considerable” or you can also say “significant” acts as an adjective which means something large or in a huge number of quantity. In other words, it also means something is worth consideration.

Example,

  • “The difference between tennis and football participant is considerable,”
  • “His project idea is considerable.”

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, September 28, 2017

#EngTrivia: Confusing singular/plural word

English plurals are usually easy to form. We can add -s to the end of the singular word, e.g.: chair (singular) or two chairs (plural). But, like almost all of the rules in English grammar, there are exceptions for the plural form of some nouns. Here is a list of the confusing singular/plural words.

  1. Criterion (singular) – criteria (plural). Meaning: a rule or principal used in evaluation.
    • Example:
      • “One criterion for grading this essay will be announced.”
      • “What were the criteria used to choose the winner?”
  2. Phenomenon (singular) – phenomena (plural). Meaning: an observable fact or event.
    • Example:
      • “Star Wars eventually became a cultural phenomenon.”
      • “Lightning and earthquakes are natural phenomena.”
  3. Datum (singular) – Data (plural). Meaning: a single piece of information
    • Example:
      • “The datum shows little without the rest of the statistics.”
      • “The data were collected over a period of three months.”
  4. Stratum (singular) – strata (plural). Meaning: a level or class to which people are assigned according to their social status, education, or income.
    • Example:
      • “Discrimination exist in every stratum of society.”
      • “Different social strata are most likely crashing into each other.”
  5. Bacterium (singular) – bacteria (plural). Meaning: a type of unicellular microorganism that are important to human because of their chemical activities but some of its type often cause disease.
    • Example:
      • “Every bacterium is prokaryotic.”
      • “Tetanus is a serious illness caused by Clostridium tetani bacteria.”

plural singular

Source:

  • Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, August 23, 2017.


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#EngVocab: Academic word list

Hello, fellas! How are you?

 

The Academic Word List (AWL) is a list of words that are commonly found in academic text. These words also occur in newspapers but not as often as they do in textbooks. Academic vocabulary is important for students who are studying at an English-speaking university, particularly for reading and writing. Here are some words of academic vocabulary.

  1. Adequate (adj). Meaning: sufficient for a specific need or requirement (cukup, memadai).
    • Example:
      • “The machine does an adequate job.”
  2. Behalf (n). Meaning: as a representative of someone/something (atas nama).
    • Example:
      • “On behalf of the school, Mr. Jo congratulates the graduated student.”
  3. Consent (v). Meaning: to give assent or approval (menyetujui).
    • Example:
      • “The man charged with vandalism consented to detainment.”
  4. Denote (v). Meaning: to serve as an indication of (merupakan, menunjukkan).
    • Example:
      • “The term ‘earth’ was used to denote the non-metallic substance which were insoluble in water.”
  5. Emphasis (n). Meaning: force or intensity of expression that gives impressiveness or importance to something.
    • Example:
      • “The school had an emphasis on collaborative learning.”
  6. Framework (n). Meaning: a basic conceptional structure.
    • Example:
      • “The book provides a general framework for understanding the evolution.”
  7. Generate (v). Meaning: to bring into existence (menghasilkan, membangkitkan).
    • Example:
      • “Windmills are used to generate a lot of revenue.”
  8. Hypothesis (n). Meaning: an assumption made for the sake of argument.
    • Example:
      • “The result of the experiment did not support his hypothesis.”
  9. Integrate (v). Meaning: to form into a functioning or unified whole; unite with something else.
    • Example:
      • “She integrates elements of jazz and rock in her music.”
  10. Justify (v). Meaning: to prove or show to be reasonable. (membenarkan)
    • Example:
      • “He tried to justify his behavior by saying that he was being pressured.”

That wraps up our session, fellas! Thank you. Good night!

Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, July 29, 2017.


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