Category Archives: trivia

#EngTrivia: Noble Ranks

Hi, Fellas do you like watching historical film?

I am devoted to them, especially when they tell the story about a kingdom or an empire. I can learn the history of a dynasty or even political issues.

Well, it is true that we couldn’t totally believe the story because the producer might add some fictional plot in it, but at least, we get the general shot of the history. Besides, I also enjoy seeing their fashion.

While you are watching the films, you may hear some words such as ‘emperor,’ ‘king,’ ‘duke,’ etc. Do you ever wonder what they mean?

Firstly, we will start with ‘emperor.’ I used to think that ‘emperor’ and ‘king’ are same. Just like a king, an emperor is the ruler of a territory, but he has a higher power than a king.

He rules the whole empire, which can have many kingdoms, while a king only rules his kingdom. For an illustration, we can imagine that our president, Joko Widodo, is an emperor, while the governors of each province are kings.

The next is ‘duke.’ This is the highest nobility below ‘emperor’ and ‘king.’ It is used to refer to the leader of a small independent region. It is said that a duke acts as a leader of a province. Since it is ruled by a duke, so the territory is called a dukedom.

Next is ‘marquess.’ This is the title below ‘duke’ and above ‘earl/count.’ marquess has a duty in a border between two countries as a defender.

Earl is someone who is responsible in imperial court. It is also said that earl acts as a local commander and a judge. The people outside Britain used to opt for ‘count’ for this title, like the ‘count’ in Count Dracula,

We might rarely hear ‘viscount,’ I also knew it just now. The reference tells that it is used to denote an assistant to a count in judicial function.

The title below ‘viscount’ is ‘baron.’ The history said that barons were granted a land by their superior, such as a king or a duke. They might rule the land with their own justice. In return, the must keep their loyalty and serve their superior. Generally, their main responsibility is in military by providing the knights.

The next title is ‘knight.’ It is simply said that a knight is a high rank soldier. He is responsible in military by participating in wars or guarding the higher noble in expeditions.

The last title is ‘lord.’ This is a general title for someone who has authority and power over others, such as a prince, the son of dukes or counts, etc. It also can be used to address the king.

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Tuesday, April 4, 2017.

 

 

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#EngTrivia: Ellipsis (linguistics) & ellipsis (dot-dot-dot)

Err … what is it called again? It’s a … an ellipsis.

 

Ellipsis (  )

The three dots ( … ) is known as ellipsis. It is used to quote materials and to indicate hesitation or a pause in writer’s thought.

When used to quote materials, ellipsis is to show you’ve omitted words from the original sentence, but do not change the meanings.

Police said that two people had been killed by rebels … .

(The Nation, Bangkok, Wednesday 4 December 1991)

 

When used to indicate a pause:

“Dear boy you’re so tall … look behind and see if there’s anything coming…”

F. Scott Fitzgerald, This Side of Paradise

 

Ellipsis (linguistics)

Ann: Would you like a cup of tea?

Dan: Yes, I would.

Omitting part of sentences and referring to the earlier sentence/ context to make the meaning clear is also called ellipsis. We do not need to provide substitute words or phrases which have already been said. In the previous dialogue, instead of saying, “Yes, I would like a cup of tea.” we can just say “Yes, I would.” We omit some words because “Yes, I would.” will be understood.

According to Nunan (1993), as cohesive devices there are three types of ellipsis: nominal, verbal, and clausal. Following are examples of each type. The material that has been omitted is indicated with (0).

  • Nominal ellipsis:

    Don and Dan like football. Both (0) are great football players.

  • Verbal ellipsis

    A: Are you a student?

    B: Yes, I am (0).

  • Clausal ellipsis

    A: Why don’t you bring a camera? Dan said that we are going to shoot a film, didn’t he?

    B: Did he? He didn’t tell me(0).

 

Many experts, however, agree that there are nine types of ellipsis: gapping, stripping, VP- ellipsis, pseudogapping, answer fragments, sluicing, N-ellipsis, comparative deletion, and null complement.

Yes … it is quite confusing when it comes to linguistics. But if you need further explanation about the ellipsis (linguistics), you can find out in any books with words ‘discourse analysis.’

I hope this #EngTrivia will develop your background knowledge that is available when you later will be studying linguistics in university.

 

Reference: Nunan, D. 1993. Introducing Discourse Analysis. London: Penguin Books Ltd.

 

Compiled and written by @kusumawicitraa for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, March 31, 2017

 

 

RELATED POST(S):

#EngTrivia: Nym words 

#EngTrivia: ‘That’ vs. ‘Which’ 

#EngTrivia: How to use ‘Albeit’? 

#EngTrivia: See, look, watch 

#EngTrivia: Adjectival Phrase

#EngTrivia: ‘That’ vs. ‘Which’

Hey, fellas! Today, I want to talk about yet another usage case where two words look interchangeable but are actually not. The words are ‘that’ and ‘which’. Both words are used to introduce a particular clause in a sentence.

The usage rule is actually simple: In a restrictive clause, use ‘that’. In a non-restrictive clause, use ‘which’. You can read more about restrictive and non-restrictive clause here.

Pay attention to this sentence:

  1. Dave’s wall art that I bought yesterday is my favorite.
  2. Dave’s wall art, which I bought yesterday, is my favorite.

The first sentence implies that Dave has created more than one wall art, but my favorite is the one that I bought yesterday. That I bought yesterday’ is a necessary information. This is what we call restrictive clause. Therefore, we use ‘that‘ to introduce the clause. Without the clause, we don’t know which wall art of Dave’s that I’m talking about, since Dave has created more than one artwork.

In the second sentence, I’m saying that Dave’s wall art is my favorite. I’m probably comparing it with other people’s artworks that aren’t Dave’s. And I happened to purchase the wall art just yesterday. ‘Which I bought yesterday‘ is just an additional information. Even if I remove the clause, the sentence is still complete. This is what we call non-restrictive clause. We use ‘which’ to introduce this clause.

There you go, fellas. I hope it clears the confusion regarding the usage of ‘that’ and ‘which’.


Compiled and written by @Fafafin for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, February 16, 2017

 

#EngTrivia: ‘Staring’ vs. ‘gazing’

Have you ever heard or read lines like these ones below?

 Why are you staring at me?

I’m not staring. I’m gazing.

I heard those lines when I watched The Vampire Diaries. What immediately came to my mind was, “Gazing? What is that?” because all I saw was Elena was staring, but she said ‘gazing.’ So, in this article, we will have a discussion about the two words. What is the difference between ‘staring’ and ‘gazing?’

If you checked the dictionary, ‘stare‘ is defined as to look fixedly or vacantly, while ‘gaze‘ is defined as to look steadily and intently, at something or someone for a long time. They are similar. The difference is we use ‘stare to indicate senses and feelings, such as curiosity, anger, boldness, admiration, bored, stupidity, etc; while ‘gaze to indicate sense of pleasure, like awe, admiration, fascination, and love.

Here are some examples to point them out:

  1. She gazes/stares admiringly at Warren.
  2. She stares at me blankly. (You can’t use ‘gaze’ in this sentence.)
  3. I stare at him with anger. (You also can’t use ‘gaze’ in this sentence)
  4. Yudith gazes/stares at the beautiful view of the sea.
  5. He stares/gazes at his sleeping child

From the example we can say that ‘gaze’ is used to show positive feelings, while ‘stare’ is used to show both positive and negative feelings (neutral).

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Tuesday, January 31, 2017

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^MQ

#EngTrivia: The development of rock and metal genre

The ‘rock music’ genre first showed up in 1950s, which was known as ‘rock and roll.’ ‘Rock and roll’ itself is heavily influenced by blues, RnB, and country music.

By late 1960s, different sub-genres emerged such as blues rock, country rock, and jazz rock. In 1960s, bands like Rolling Stones, Yardbirds, and Animals became pioneers. Along with these names, lots of rock bands emerged.

1970s is the birth of heavy metal and punk rock. Black Sabbath utilized the distortion in electric guitar, while punk rock emerged against the overly mainstream of the genres. Punk rock gave off a huge influence to the development of sub-genres such as new wave, post punk, and alternative rock. Likewise, Deep Purple and Judas Priest emerged with a more ‘complex’ kind of metal.

And then in the 1980s, a new wave of British heavy metal rose to fame led by Iron Maiden. Metal developed a lot in the 1980s. Names such as Metallica, Motorhead, and Motley Crue gained their peak popularity in this era. And then in the 1990s, alternative rock led the industry. Grunge, Britpop, post-grunge, and pop punk were among this genre. Names such as Oasis, Blink 182, Nirvana, and a lot more were part of this era.

While many consider rock and metal died in 2000, emo, garage rock, and contemporary heavy metal were actually born in this era. Bands such as Bullet For My Valentine, The Strokes, My Chemical Romance were among these sub-genres. Unfortunately, in 2010s until now, rock and metal only develops in indie records.

Compiled and written by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, 15 January 2016

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^MD

#EngTrivia: Restrictive and Non-restrictive clause

In this article, we will talk about restrictive and non-restrictive clause; also known as defining and non-defining clause. What exactly are they?

They are types of relative clause which define a noun. They usually contain relative pronouns such as who, which, that, where, and when. For examples:

  1. “The cake which I bought from Breadtalk was delicious.”
  2. “This is the dress which I wore last week.”
  3. “I will go to the beach with Rina, who was my school mate, this weekend.”

From the examples, I would say sentences number 1 and 2 contain restrictive clauses while sentence number 3 contains a non-restrictive clause . Why?

Let’s start from number 1. What if ‘which I bought from Breadtalk’ is removed from the sentence? It will be ‘The cake was delicious.’ Then try to remove ‘which I wore last week,’ the sentence will turn to ‘This is the dress.’ The meaning of the sentence changed, didn’t it?

which I bought from Breadtalk’ and ‘which I wore last week’ are restrictive clauses because they add an important information. They explain and define the cake and the clothes we talk about. That is why it is also called defining clause.

How about sentence number 3? Read the sentence and avoid ‘who was my school mate.’ It will be ‘I will go to the beach with Rina this weekend.’

The sentence still have the same meaning because the clause we removed is just an additional explanation of the object, Rina. And that is why ‘who was my school mate’ is called non-restrictive clause.

Practice

Now I will give you some samples and you should determine it whether the sentences below contain restrictive or non-restrictive clause.

  1. My eldest son, who is 27, is studying in Australia.
  2. Her aunt who lives in Sulawesi visited her last week.
  3. I found your book on the bench which is in the park you visited yesterday.
  4. He wrote the review of Up, the movie which I have just watched, and posted it in his blog.

Answer

  1. It contains non-restrictive clause: who is 27
  2. It contains restrictive clause: who lives in Sulawesi
  3. It contains restrictive clause: where in the park you visited yesterday
  4. It contains non-restrictive clause: the movie which I have just watched

In a simpler way, non-restrictive clauses are always separated by commas while restrictive clauses are not.

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, January 17, 2017

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^MD

#EngTrivia: Spelling -ing and -ed forms

Hi, fellas! How was your day? Today I’m going to post an easy guide on how to change a bare infinitive to –ing and –ed forms.

Sometimes, we need to change a base verb or bare infinitive into -ing form to make it -ing verb or gerund. We also need to know how to change verb to –ed form to make it past tense. Often there’s no need to make changes into the end of the verbs, simply add –ing or –ed to the end of the verbs. However, there are some cases that require us to do so.
The following is a guide to help you get it right:

 
1.If the verb ends with the vowel –e, omit the –e, then add -ing to make –ing form. To make it –ed form, just add –d. Easy, right?

Here are the examples:
1) date-dating-dated
2) stare-staring-stared
3) snore-snoring-snored

 
2.If the verb ends in two consonants, just add –ing or –ed.

Look at these:
1) bomb-bombing-bombed
2) knock-knocking-knocked
3) push-pushing-pushed

 
3.If the verb ends in two vowels + one consonant, just add –ing or –ed.

Here are some examples:
1) wail-wailing-wailed
2) complain-complaining-complained
3) cook-cooking-cooked

 
4.If the verb has one syllable and ends in one vowel + one consonant, then double the consonant to make the –ing or –ed form.

Examples:
1) beg-begging-begged
2) hop-hopping-hopped
3) stop-stopping-stopped

Note: But we do not double w or x: snow, snowing, snowed, fix, fixing, fixed.

 
5.If the first syllable of a two-syllable verb is stressed, do not double the consonant.

Examples:

1) visit-visiting-visited
2) offer-offering-offered

 
6.If the second syllable of a two-syllable verb is stressed, double the consonant.

Examples:

1) prefer-preferring-preferred
2) admit-admitting-admitted

 
7.If the verb ends in a vowel + –y, keep the –y. Do not change it to –i.

Examples:
1) play-playing-played
2) pray-praying-prayed
3) stay-staying-stayed

 
8.If the verb ends in a consonant + –y, keep the –y for the –ing form, but change the –y to –i to make the –ed form.

Look at the following examples:
1) worry-worrying-worried
2) study-studying-studied
3) carry-carrying-carried

 
9.If the verb ends in vowels –ie, change –ie to –y to make ing form and just add –d to make –ed form.

Examples:

1) lie-lying-lied
2) die-dying-died

 
Here is the table of spelling -ing and -ed forms. Hope it might help you.

spelling

I hope the explanation is easy to understand. Thank you so much for reading!

 

Compiled and written by @kusumawicitraa for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, January 13, 2017

#EngTrivia: Various Meanings of ‘go off’

Good evening, fellas! Today I want to talk about a phrasal verb that often confuses me. It’s “go off”. If you want to know what a phrasal verb is, you can click here to read more about it. “Go off” confuses me a lot because it has a lot of meanings that are very different depending on its context in a sentence. Let’s walk through the meanings of “go off” one by one.

  1. If you say someone goes off, that means he/she leaves a place and go somewhere elseExample: After finishing her writing goal today, she went off to her favorite cafe to have a nice drink as a form of small celebration.
  2. If you say how an event went off, you explain how it happened in a specific way. Example: The seminar went off really well and we learn a lot from the brilliant speakers.
  3. If a machine or light goes off, that means it stops working or dies. Example: The printer went off right before it started printing the last page.
  4. If a warning device such as an alarm or a siren goes off, that means it starts making a sound/noise. Example: My phone suddenly went off with my embarrassing ringtone during class because I forgot to turn on the silent mode. See, fellas? I always thought that a cellphone going off means it turns off. We tend to think “off” indicates that something stops working. Turns out, our phone “going off” means it is making a noise (alarm or ringtone) instead of shutting down.
  5. If an explosive thing or a gun goes off, that means it explodes or it fires. Example: It was pretty fun for me to just sit on the rooftop in New Year’s Eve and watch the fireworks go off from every direction.
  6. (British English) If you go off something, that means you stop liking it. Example: I start going off fantasy novels. I’m into sci-fi now.
  7. (British English) If food or beverages go off, that means it’s not fresh and starts going bad. Example: This milk tastes funny. I think it goes off.

So, now you see how the meaning of “go off” varies. If you read something that you think doesn’t make sense, it could be that one of the words have another meaning that you don’t know. You can always check the dictionary to be sure that you really know what a word or phrase means in a particular sentence.

Compiled and written by @Fafafin for @Englishtips4U on January 5, 2016.

#EngTrivia: “Can” vs “Be Able to”

In this post, we will talk about the use of “can” and “be able to”. “Can” and “be able to” are often interchangeable, but there are some occasions where only one of them is correct.

Both “can” and “be able to” is used:

1. In the present tense to talk about an ability to do things. In this case, “can” is more common, while “be able to” sounds more formal and less natural.

  • Example:
    • “I can play guitar.” ✔
    • “I am able to play guitar.” ✔
  1. To talk about the ability to do something on a specific occasion in the future.
  • Example:
    • “I can do the interview tomorrow.” ✔
    • “I am able to do the interview tomorrow.” ✔
    • “When I’m done writing this essay, we can hang out.” ✔
    • “When I’m done writing this essay, we will be able to hang out.” ✔

3. To talk about an ability that someone doesn’t have anymore.

  • Example:
    • “I could stay up until 3 AM when I was a student.” ✔
    • “I was able to stay up until 3 AM when I was a student.”✔

 

We only use “can” or “could” in the present tense to talk about possibilities.

  • Example:
    • “With that much preparation, I think they can win the academic bowl.” ✔
    • “With that much preparation, I think they are able to win the academic bowl.” ✖

 

We only use “was/were able to” to talk about something we succeeded in doing on a specific time in the past.

  • Example:
    • “I was able to sleep last night.” ✔
    • “I could sleep last night.” ✖

 

However, it is okay to use either “could not” or “was/were not able to” in negative statements about something the past.

  • Example:
    • “I couldn’t ride a bike when I was a teenager.” ✔
    • “I wasn’t able to ride a bike when I was a teenager.”✔
    • “We couldn’t get tickets to the premiere yesterday.” ✔
    • “We weren’t able to get tickets to the premiere yesterday.” ✔

 

By the way, you can read more about the usage of “can” vs. “could” as well as other modal auxiliary verbs in this article. Feel free to drop a comment if you have any question.

 

Compiled and written by @Fafafin for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, December 29, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

#GrammarTrivia: Compound possession

Which one of these two statements is grammatically correct?

“After the election, Dan’s and Miley’s businesses went bankrupt.”

Or

“After the election, Dan and Miley’s businesses went bankrupt.”

Before we answer the question, it was actually a trick question. Both sentences are grammatically correct depending on the context.

Possession by two people

If Dan and Miley own different businesses, “Dan’s and Miley’s” is the correct usage of possessive nouns. But if Dan and Miley share the same businesses, it should be “Dan and Miley’s”.

What if the businesses are owned by Dan and me (or any other possessive pronoun)? Then it should be “Dan’s and my businesses” regardless we share the same business or not. Or if you don’t have to explain that Dan is the other owner, simply use ‘our’.

Possession by more than two people

Let’s take it up a notch, shall we?

What if the businesses are owned by Dan, Miley, and me (or any other possessive pronoun)? The correct usage of compound possession is “Dan, Miley’s, and my business”. And if we don’t share the same businesses: “Dan’s, Miley’s, and my business”.

Compiled by @bintilvice at @EnglishTips4U on Friday, November 11, 2016


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#EngTrivia: Adjectival Phrase

Heyya, fellas! How did your day go? For me, today was a fairly great day.

Oh hey! Did you notice the adjective phrase in my last sentence?
slide1

Alright, fellas! As promised last Wednesday, the topic of today’s session will be on the adjectival phrase. Let’s get things going, shall we?

Before we start… What is a phrase?
slide2

Example of a phrase:

slide3

 

What is an adjectival phrase?

slide4

Adjectival phrase is a group of words that functions as an adjective in a sentence; it tells us something about the noun it is modifying.

Adjectival phrase has an adjective as its head and preceded and/or followed by other words.

If a group of words modifies a noun, then it is an adjectival phrase.

 

Where is adjectival phrase in a sentence?

slide5

An adjectival phrase can go before a noun. It can also go after a linking verb like ‘be’.

The adjective in adjectival phrase may be accompanied by other words such as modifiers, determiners, or intensifiers.
slide6

Modifier

Modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that functions as an adjective or adverb to provide additional information about another word or word group.

The pre-modifier of an adjective is:

  • positioned before the head adjective and,
  • always a simple adjective or an adverb phrase.

Example – simple adjective as modifier:

slide7

slide8

Example – adverb phrase as modifier: slide9

slide10

The post-modifier,

  • positioned after the head adjective,
  • can be an adverb phrase, a prepositional phrase, or infinitive.

Example – adverb phrase as modifier: slide11

 

Example – prepositional phrase as modifier:slide12

 

Example – infinitive as modifier: slide13

 

Determiner

Determiner is a word or a group of words that specifies, identifies, or qualifies the noun or noun phrase that follows it.

Common determiners which modify adjectives are:

  • articles,
  • qualifier,
  • distributive,
  • demonstrative adjective, and
  • possessive adjective.

Example – articles as determiner: slide14

 

Example – qualifier as determiner: slide15

 

Example – distributive as determiner: slide16

 

Example – demonstrative adjective as determiner: slide17

 

Example – possessive adjective as determiner:

slide18

 

Intensifier

Intensifier is a word or phrase which emphasize or down-tone an adjective.

Intensifiers: very, quite, rather, somewhat, so, almost, fairly, really, pretty, a bit, a little, kind of, sort of, etc.

Example – intensifier which emphasize:slide19

Example – intensifier which down-tone:slide20

 

Oh wow! This turned out to be a fairly long session. We’ve now come towards the end of the session. Let’s see how we can form sentences with adjectival phrase.

slide21

 

That’s a wrap, fellas! I hope the explanation was clear enough. If you have any question, feel free to mention us on Twitter or leave a comment below this post.

Thanks for tuning in to today’s session. Have a good rest and see you again tomorrow. XOXO

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, November 9, 2016.

 

Related post: #EngTrivia: How to use ‘Albeit’?

#EngTrivia: How to use ‘Albeit’?

Heyya, fellas! How was your day? Mine was great, albeit very tiring.

Now… if you ever wondered how to use the word ‘albeit’, today’s session is for you. Let’s start, shall we?

What does ‘albeit’ mean?

 

albeit2

‘Albeit’ means:

  • though,
  • although,
  • even though,
  • despite (it) being.

However, ‘albeit’ is not interchangeable with those words.

A more accurate meaning of ‘albeit’ is: ‘although it is’ or ‘although it be’.

Example: slide2

How to use the word ‘albeit’?

slide3

‘Albeit’ is often used to introduce an adjectival phrase or an adverbial phrase which refers to the preceding noun or verb.

Example: slide4 slide5

Extra 1 – What is an adjectival phrase?
slide6

An adjectival phrase is a group of words that tells us something about the noun it is modifying.

For more information on Adjectival Phrase, head over to the following post: #EngTrivia: Adjectival Phrase

slide7

Example:slide8

 

Extra 2 – What is an adverbial phrase?
slide9

An adverbial phrase is a group of words which play the role of an adverb. It describes when, where, or how something happens.

slide10

Example:slide11

And that’s a wrap, fellas! I hope the explanation was not too confusing.

I’ll see you again next week. Take care! XOXO

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, November 2, 2016.

#EngQuiz: See, Look, Watch

Following one of our previous posts #EngTrivia: See, look, watch, let’s follow it up with some exercise?

Fill in the blanks with see, look at, or watch.

1. We _____ the door all day but no one knocked with the package we’ve been waiting for.
see
look at
watch
correct!
2. She wore a green T-shirt when I _____ her yesterday.
saw
correct!
looked at
watched
I’m going to _____ John’s new vlog as soon as I got home.
see
look at
watch
correct!
3. _____ the horizon! I think that’s a ship approaching.
see
look at
correct!
watch
4. Inferno is now playing in theaters, right? Have you _____ it?
seen
correct!
looked at
watched
5. Can you _____ the baby? I need go outside for a minute to talk to Mrs. Baker.
see
look at
watch
correct!
6. He keeps _____ his watch hoping the time will run faster.
seeing
looking at
correct!
watching
7. Pause the video at 5.11 and _____ the scene, can you _____ Eva in the crowd?
see, look at
look at, see
correct!
watch, see
8. Don’t _____ a stranger like that. It’s impolite.
see
look at
correct!
watch
9. I keep _____ an error message when tweeting, please fix this bug.
seeing
correct!
look at
watch

 

Compiled and written by @Fafafin for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, October 27, 2016

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

#EngKnowledge: International Phonetic Alphabet

Hi fellas, how was your weekend?

Today we will talk about international phonetic alphabet.

Some people forget how to spell the alphabet when they got asked to.

There are many lists of phonetic alphabet, from NATO & international aviation, british forces 1952, RAF 1942-43, Telecom B, British A or international, NY police, French, German, Italian, Spanish.

The widely used one is the phonetic alphabet by NATO.

The 26 code words in the NATO phonetic alphabet are assigned to the 26 letters of the English alphabet in alphabetical order as follows:

A – Alpha

B – Bravo

C – Charlie

D – Delta

E – Echo

F – Foxtrot

G – Golf

H – Hotel

I – India

J – Juliett

K – Kilo

L – Lima

M – Mike

N – November

O – Oscar

P – Papa

Q – Quebec

R – Romeo

S – Sierra

T – Tango

U – Uniform

V – Victor

W – Whiskey

X – Xray

Y – Yankee

Z – Zulu

Can you spell your full name fellas?

That’s all for today fellas, have a nice rest. See you next sunday.
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 23, 2016.

#EngTrivia: ‘See,’ ‘look,’ ‘watch’

Let’s talk about these three verbs: ‘see,’ ‘look,’ and ‘watch.’ These verbs are easily confused as they all relate to an action that we do with our eyes. So let us break down each of those verbs to understand how they differ.

See

If you ‘see‘ something, you are aware that the thing is there, but you may not pay attention to it.

Example:

  • “I saw a cellphone in that room, but I don’t remember what kind of phone it was. Could it be your lost phone?”

Look (at)

If you ‘look‘ at something, you intentionally try to see it, and you pay attention to it. Much like ‘menatap‘ in bahasa Indonesia. Note that we are talking about ‘look’ as an intransitive verb (not followed by object or complement), therefore it is followed by preposition ‘at.’

Example:

  • “I look at the novel that I just bought and decide that now is not the time to read such a thick novel.”

Watch

If you ‘watch‘ something, you pay attention to it for a period of time, anticipating and following any movement. Watch can mean ‘menonton‘ or ‘mengawasi‘ in Bahasa Indonesia.

Example:

  • “Could you watch my bag while I go to the restroom?”

See or watch a movie?

‘See’ and ‘watch’ are also often confused when it comes to talking about movies. So, do you ‘see’ or ‘watch’ a movie?

Well, both ‘see’ and ‘watch’ can be used to talk about movies or TV programs, but we usually say we ‘see a movie‘ when we refer to going to the theater. If you say you ‘watch a movie,’ it implies that you watch it on TV or DVD or a streaming service.

So, has that cleared up the confusion yet?

Compiled and written by @fafafin for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, October 20, 2016

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngTrivia: Expressions in English and Their Indonesian Counterparts (2)

Hello, dear fellas! How are you?

Last week, we talked about expressions and their possible translations to Indonesian. If you missed it, check it out here: https://englishtips4u.com/2016/10/10/engtrivia-expressions-in-english-and-their-indonesian-counterparts/

Now, we’re going to continue with part 2. Are you ready?

  1. ‘It’s a fair cop!’, something we say if somebody caught us doing something wrong.
    Indonesian: ‘Yah, ketahuan, deh!’
    Example:
    “You said you were on a diet! Why are you eating ice cream?” | “It’s a fair cop!” #EngTrivia
  2. ‘Way to go!’, expressing approval, pleasure, or excitement.
    Indonesian: ‘Selamat! Kamu hebat!’
    Example:
    “Congratulations on your acting debut! Way to go!” #EngTrivia
  1. ‘I get the picture’, meaning we understand the situation.
    Indonesian: ‘Oh, aku ngerti maksudnya.’
    Example:
    “You could not meet me, but you were going out with your friends? Oh, I get the picture!” #EngTrivia
  2. ‘Not on good/speaking terms’, meaning two parties are not on friendly situation or not speaking.
    Indonesian: ‘Lagi musuhan’.
    Example:
    “You wouldn’t want to put Janet and John in the same team. They are currently not on speaking terms.” #EngTrivia
  3. ‘To come of age’. It means to reach adulthood.
    Indonesian: ‘Sudah cukup umur’.
    Example:
    “You’ll get my permission to bring the car when you’ve come of age and had a license.” #EngTrivia
  4. ‘As it happens/just so happens’ is another way of saying ‘as a matter of fact’.
    Indonesian: ‘Sebenarnya…’
    Example:
    “As it happens, I’ve booked the flight earlier. Just in case.” #EngTrivia
  5. ‘Come to think of it’, used when an idea or point occurs to someone while he’s speaking.
    Indonesian: ‘Kalau dipikir-pikir…’
    Example:
    “We’ll need to work overtime. Come to think of it, we’ve taken overtime four days in a week now.” #EngTrivia
  1. ‘Oh, what a giveaway!’, said when we revealed something we should have not.
    Indonesian: ‘Aduh, keceplosan.’
    Example:
    “I didn’t eat all the cakes, only four of five!” | “What? But you’re on a diet!” | “Oh, what a giveway!” #EngTrivia

 

There you go, fellas! Should you have any questions, comments, or ideas, let us know via mention or write them at www.englishtips4u.com. Don’t forget to check the recap of this session later, as it will also be complete with examples. Thank you for being with me, fellas!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 10 October, 2016.

#EngTrivia: Expressions in English and Their Indonesian Counterparts

Hello, everyone! Good evening! How was your day so far?

On learning language, I feel like I have to understand what a word or phrase means before being able to use it. Do you also feel the same?

When watching a movie or listening to a song, sometimes there are English word that we cannot just completely translate to our mother language.

For example, I had to Google what ‘Kudos’ means to explain it to my cousin when she heard in a movie and she thought it was ‘kiddos’.

So, tonight’s session will be on certain phrases or expressions in English and what they mean, as well as their Indonesian counterparts.

  1. Let’s start with ‘kudos’ that I mentioned earlier. It’s another way of saying ‘You’re great!’
    In Indonesian, it’s ‘Wah, hebat!’
    Example:
    “Mom, I just won the spelling bee!” | “Kudos, kiddo!” #EngTrivia
  2. ‘Ditto’, meaning ‘I agree with you’.
    Indonesian: ‘Baru mau bilang gitu’.
    Example:
    “I think we need more people in our studying group.” | “Ditto.” #EngTrivia
  3. ‘Not so/too fast’, used to stop what somebody’s doing, to slow down somebody when speaking or making a move, or to tell somebody not to be too eager to do something.
    Indonesian: ‘Eh, entar dulu!’
    Example:
    “Dad, I’m hanging out with my friends.” | “Not so fast. Did you finish your homework?” #EngTrivia
  4. ‘I’m a sucker for…’ means ‘I really like…’
    Indonesian: ‘Aku suka banget…’
    Example:
    “I’m a sucker for sci-fi movies, the likes of Star Wars, Avatar, Interstellar, and so on.” #EngTrivia
  5. ‘That’s putting me off’ is another way to say ‘That makes me lose my interest.’
    Indonesian: ‘Jadi ilfeel’.
    Example:
    “The way this candidate talks about war really puts me off.” #EngTrivia
  6. ‘Doing something for sports’ means doing it only for amusement.
    Indonesian: ‘Ya, seneng aja gitu’.
    Example:
    “Be careful with that teacher. He likes giving impromptu tests for sports.” #EngTrivia
  7. ‘Touché!’, meaning ‘You’ve got a point!’
    Indonesian: ‘Nah, itu!’
    Example:
    “Just because he stutters, doesn’t mean we should not listen to what he has to say.” | “Touché!” #EngTrivia
  8. ‘Send one’s regards’, meaning ‘send someone’s greetings to somebody else’.
    Indonesian: ‘Titip salam.’
    Example:
    “The Lannisters send their regards.” #EngTrivia

 

Alright, fellas, those are some English expressions with their Indonesian counterparts. Any questions or comments, just tweet us.

Please remember, fellas, using the expressions I just tweeted doesn’t mean what you’ve been using is incorrect. The expressions help to add some ‘spices’ to your daily conversations.

Thank you for being with me, fellas! Today’s #EngTrivia is a wrap! Check out our site http://www.englishtips4u.com for other interesting topics.

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 3 October, 2016.