When it comes to family members, we have our immediate family members consisting of our parents, siblings, spouses, and children. This group might also include our half-siblings (siblings we have from different parents).
And then there are our close relatives, such as grandparents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, and cousins.
What we also count as our relatives are the extended family members, who are still related to us by blood but not as close as our immediate family members or our close relatives. Who are they and how do we address them?
Say, my grandfather has a younger brother. In Indonesian, I will simply call him ‘Kakek’ or grandfather, just as how I call my grandfather. But in English, I will refer to him as my great uncle. The same applies to great aunt.
And then I have a cousin, who is a child of my parent’s sibling. I will refer to this cousin as my first cousin. If my parent’s cousin has a child, that person is my second cousin. My child will also refer to the child of my cousin’s as the second cousin.
What about my parent’s cousins? In Indonesian, I will call them uncles and aunts. In English, they are still called cousins only with ‘removal’, that implies different generation. For example, my father’s first cousin is my first cousin once removed. The term applies both ways. My father’s first cousin will also refer to me as his/her/their first cousin once removed. My children will refer to them as the first cousin twice removed and vice versa.
The last but not least, we have the in-laws, who are related to us by marriage. Our spouse’s parents are our parents in law and our spouse’s siblings are our siblings in law.
Who here is a Harry Potter fan? Even though the books and movies were all released, except for the Fantastic Beasts, I’m feeling a little flashback to Hogwarts. We are sharing some slang used on Harry Potter books.
“Bloody hell!” We know this one to be used a lot by Ron. It is a common expression in Britain, Australia, and New Zealand. It could express a lot, from surprise to disgust to anger, etc.
“Blimey.” A popular British word to express surprise. Similar to ‘wow.’
“Bollocks!” This is a word we should not use carelessly, as it means male genitalia parts. However, it’s used in the same way as ‘nonsense.’
Also means ‘nonsense.’
“Git.” Somewhat derogatory, git is used to describe a foolish person. Hagrid used it once to refer to Mr Filch.
Meaning crazy or insane.
“Peckish.” The feeling of small hunger, wanting to eat but not quite hungry yet.
“Snog.” To kiss passionately, to make out.
Feel free to add more on the comment section below!
Hi, fellas, did you know that Oxford Dictionaries’ Word of the Year 2019 is ‘climate emergency?’
We face more and more weather and climate-related crisis every year, so it is natural that people all around the world are getting more curious about the term ‘climate emergency’ and decided to look it up on the dictionaries.
As defined by Oxford Dictionaries, climate emergency is “a situation in which urgent action is required to reduce or halt climate change and avoid potentially irreversible environmental damage resulting from it.”
But what is ‘Word of the Year’ and how did this tradition start?
Word(s) of the Year refers to any of various assessments as to the most important word(s) or expression(s) during a specific year.
The first known version of this tradition is the German one, Wort des Jahres, which was started in 1971. The American Dialect Society is the oldest English version, started in 1991. By early 2000s, a lot of organisations began to announce their versions of Word(s) of the Year for various purposes and with various criteria for the assessment.
Oxford Dictionaries’ Word of the Year for the last five years are:
2015: Face with tears of joy emoji or laughing-crying emoji, the first emoji to have ever been selected.
2019: Climate emergency.
The American Dialect Society also chose the Word of the Decade, which is ‘web’ for 1990s, ‘to google’ for 2000s, and singular ‘they’ for 2010s. According to the Society, the Word of the 20th century is jazz and the Word of the Past Millennium is ‘she.’
Hi, fellas! Most of us know that an adverb is a part of speech which is usually (not always) formed by adding the suffix -ly to an adjective.
Usual –> usually
Regular –> regularly
Beautiful –> beautifully
Angry –> angrily
Actual –> actually
Bad –> badly
Kind –> kindly
In recent years, more people using adverbs without -ly.
“He spoke loud and clear.”
The sentence still makes sense, too, because we understand that ‘he’ who spoke did so in a loud and clear way.
Naturally, it became a hot topic; should we omit -ly from an adverb? What do you think, fellas?
@pepe_2604: Hello there. I’m an English teacher in Mexico. I’ve found lots of changes in the language, not only a foreign but mine as well, due to media content, among other factors. So, I think it’s not a big issue to avoid -ly in an adverb since we face different problems for spoken production, and if we manage to make our students confident about producing a spoken language, I see no big deal with it. It is not that I don’t care but I can deal with it in further lessons.
I personally am used to putting -ly on an adverb. However, languages were developed to help humans understand each other. As long as we could understand what the sentence means, especially on spoken interaction, I think it’s fine.
The case could be different on written materials, where using proper grammar will help us understand the context better. But that’s just my personal opinion. What do you think, fellas?
Hi, fellas! How are you today? Did you get to see the Grammy award ceremony? Did your favourites win?
During an award acceptance speech/winning speech, often the winner says something that goes, “I dedicate this award ____ everyone who has supported me.”
What is the correct preposition to fill the blank, fellas? We have 2 options, ‘to’ and ‘for.’
Yes, the answer is ‘to.’
‘to dedicate something to something/someone’ is a phrase that means to reserve something for a particular purpose regarding something else or someone.
“Mom, I dedicated this song to you.”
“She dedicated her life to being a nurse.”
I understand that this can be confusing to us Indonesian, because the direct translation for both ‘to’ and ‘for’ is ‘untuk.’ Sometimes, we might use ‘for’ instead of the correct word, ‘to.’
However, as it is a phrase, we should always try to remember the correct form, ‘to dedicate ____ to.’
#Page364of365 Today is the last Monday this year and only less than 48 hours before we change the calendar. How excited are you for 2020, fellas?
I myself am looking into personal growth, doing more voluntary works or charitable activities, and learning some new skills, like sewing. What about you?
While making a list of things we are planning to do in 2020, let’s share some facts about the new year.
The year 2020 will start on a Wednesday and as it is a leap year, will have 366 days.
People all over the world mostly believe that 2019 is the last year of this decade (2010-2019), which means 2020 is the first year of the new decade. However, there are some who believe that the new decade starts in 2021. How is that? Because there are two ways to decide from when to when a decade lasts. The first way is by the same digit. For example, the 1990s started from 1990 and lasted until 1999. The second way is by starting a decade with the last digit ‘1.’ As there is no year ‘zero/0,’ we start counting the years from year 1. By this definition, the 2020 is the last year of the decade and the new decade will begin on 1 January 2021.
The Roman number of 2020 is MMXX.
The Gregorian year 1992 had the exact same calendar as the year 2020.
The Chinese year of Metal Rat will last from 25 January 2020 until 11 February 2021. Rat is the first animal on the Chinese zodiac list so the year of rat is believed to be a new beginning when people from all zodiac signs can prosper.
If you think 2019 was not up to your expectation and 2020 is not going to be any different, plan to try out new things or rediscover your love for old hobbies and idle skills. Who knows what will happen, right? Let’s welcome 2020 with a bang!
Have you ever heard of the phrase ‘The Twelve Days of Christmas,’ fellas? Have you ever wondered what it is and what it means?
‘The Twelve Days of Christmas’ is a Christmas carol that dated back to 1780 when it was first used in England as a chant or a rhyme. It is believe to have a French origin.
It tells a story of accumulating gifts for twelve days since Christmas Day; each day the amount of gift increases from the day before.
The song goes like this (source: Google):
On the first day of Christmas my true love sent to me A partridge in a pear tree
On the second day of Christmas my true love sent to me Two turtle doves And a partridge in a pear tree
On the third day of Christmas my true love sent to me Three French hens, two turtle doves And a partridge in a pear tree
On the fourth day of Christmas my true love sent to me Four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle doves And a partridge in a pear tree
On the fifth day of Christmas my true love sent to me Five gold rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle doves And a partridge in a pear tree
On the sixth day of Christmas my true love sent to me Six geese a laying, five gold rings, four calling birds Three French hens, two turtle doves And a partridge in a pear tree
On the seventh day of Christmas my true love sent to me Seven swans a swimming, six geese a laying, five gold rings Four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle doves And a partridge in a pear tree
On the eighth day of Christmas my true love sent to me Eight maids a milking, seven swans a swimming, six geese a laying Five gold rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle doves And a partridge in a pear tree
On the ninth day of Christmas my true love sent to me Nine drummers drumming, eight maids a milking, seven swans a swimming, six geese a laying, five gold rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle doves
And a partridge in a pear tree
On the tenth day of Christmas my true love sent to me Ten pipers piping
Nine drummers drumming, ten pipers piping Drumming, piping, drumming, piping Eight maids a milking, seven swans a swimming, six geese a laying Five gold rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle doves And a partridge in a pear tree
On the eleventh day of Christmas my true love sent to me Eleven ladies dancing, ten pipers piping, nine drummers drumming Eight maids a milking, seven swans a swimming, six geese a laying Five gold rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle doves And a partridge in a pear tree
On the twelfth day of Christmas my true love sent to me Twelve Lords a leaping, eleven ladies dancing, ten pipers piping Nine, drummers drumming, eight maids a milking Seven swans a swimming, six geese a laying And five gold rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle doves And a partridge in a pear tree, and a partridge in a pear tree
There are several variations and versions to this song but all tells a story of cumulative wealth or gifts. There are also similar verses in Scotland, Faroe Islands, and France. The exact origins and the meaning of the song are unknown, although many believe that it came from children’s memory and forfeit game. Each child in succession repeats the gifts of the day and forfeits or is given penalty for each mistake.
Hello fellas, how are you doing? Today we will discuss #GrammarTrivia Do you know what is “Parallelism” in English?
Parallelism or Parallel structure is important, especially in Academic circles or in the Business Corp. So whether you speaking or whether your writing this principle of Parallelism will help you to communicate more effectively.
Parallelism is speaking or writing technique in which you can communicate more powerfully by balancing different part of your sentence.
Let’s check some examples of Parallelism sentences:
1. Verb + Verb
E.g : “Janet sings and dances.”
We see verb (sings) and verb (dances), so that sentence is Parallelism.
2. Gerund + Gerund
E.g: “We enjoy reading and cooking.”
We see gerund (reading) and (cooking), so that sentence is Parallelism.
3. Infinitive noun + Infinitive noun
E.g: “I like to watch movies and to travel abroad.”
We see that infinitive and noon (to watch movie) and infinitives and noun (to travel abroad).
4. Adverb + Adverb
E.g: “The Police acted quickly and carefully.”
We see that (quickly) and adverb (carefully), so that sentence is Parallelism.
5. Noun + Noun ( for long sentences)
E.g: “The Job demands professional qualifications, the ability to manage others and experience working around the globe.”
The parallelism structure of that sentence is become:
“The Job demands professional qualifications, managerial ability and global experience.”
Sometimes, it is very normal to write sentences there are not Parallel in the beginning, but after you correct them to become parallel structure, your writing or speaking are becoming more powerfully.
Fellas, you can learn more completely about parallelism structure from this video:
Hey, Fellas! How do you do? How is your first week in this new year? This evening I am going to share some fun facts about January, as an opening month of the year.
Do you know that January was named after a Roman God, Janus? Janus is pictured as a person who has two heads. It is said that he is an animistic spirit of doorway and archway. Scholar believe that Janus is a symbol all new beginnings. And maybe, this is why his name had been using as the name of the first month of the year.
In America January is regarded as a National Soup Month. Unfortunately, I still can’t find the history behind this event. The source I read also showed that this event is unofficial in America. Perhaps, Americans initiated this event due to winter season in the country.
In Russia, Christmas will be celebrated on 7th January this year. The reason why Russian celebrate their Christmas differently is Russians are mostly Orthodox Christians. And Orthodox church use Julian calendar, which was made by Julius Caesar in 45 BC.
January is also an important month for Haitians because Haiti Independence Day was proclaimed on 1 January 1804.
If you were born in January, then you are lucky enough to have garnets as your birthstone. It is a red colored gemstone and it shapes like pomegranate.
January is also well known as a National Blood Donor in America. This event was firstly initiated in 1970 by Richard Nixon, the 37th President of USA.
Anyway, that’s all I can share in this session. If you know anything else that is related to January, you are free to share it.
Hi, Fellas! Good evening and happy Friday! How’s your week so far? Well, in this evening I would to continue our session about some vocabulary that are usually confusing due to similar letter arrangement. For you who missed the topic two weeks ago, you can read the article by following this link
“Stationery” vs. “stationary”
Before I start explaining them, is there anyone know the difference of those words?
“Stationary means stability there is no change. While stationery means writing paper and everything related with write process.” – @al3ajalabead
“Stationery” is known as a noun, which means something that is used for writing, such as papers, pens, pencils, etc. Meanwhile, “stationary” is an adjective to refer somethingthat is not moving. There are some similar words of “stationary” to make it clear, such as
“I am going to stationery shop to get some pencils.”
“Wall is a simple example of stationary material.”
“Principle” vs. “principal.”
“Principle” acts as a noun that means basic/fundamental belief or concept. On the other hand, “principal” can be either a noun or an adjective. As a noun, “principal” means an important person in an organisation, but as an adjective, this word means the most important.
“I have a principle to not intervene my personal life with work.”
“Mr. Heidi is our school principal.”
“Affect” vs. “effect.”
“Affect” is a verb that means to give an impact to someone or something, while “effect” is the impact itself (noun).
“Deforestation affects the increase of global temperature.”
“Extinction of some species is one of the effects of global warming.”
Hi, Fellas! Good evening and happy Friday! How’s your week so far? I hope you experienced something great! Well, in this evening I would share some vocabulary that are usually confusing because most of them have almost similar letter arrangement or typography if I’m not mistaken.
“A lot” vs. “alot.”
Before I start explaining them, is there anyone know the the meaning of each of them and how we should use it?
“Not so good at explaining, but here’s my shot. “A lot” is for a particular ‘bunch’ of items. Eg: There’s a lot of books for A there, a lot of pencils for B here.” – @educareer_jp
It is generally known that “a lot” can act as a pronoun or an adverb, which means many/pleunty. Meanwhile, “allot” is verb, which means to distribute or to assign. There are some words that are related to “allot,” they are “allocate,” “administer,” “hand out,” etc.
“We have a lot of problem to deal with.”
“You are alloted 20 minutes to present your research findings.”
“Awhile” vs. “a while.”
Both “a while” and “awhile” means “a short period of time.” However, each of them have a different role in a sentence. “Awhile” acts as an adverb that explain something happens in a short time. On the other hand, “a while” is a noun phrase.
“I think I’m going to stay here awhile.”
“Pasta will be ready in a while.”
“Desert” vs. “dessert.”
“Desert” means to abandon/to leave something (verb), while “dessert” is food that usually served after meal and generally it’s sweet (noun).
“This town is very quiet it’s looked like deserted place.”
Hello, fellas. How do we say “Semakin cepat, semakin baik” in English? Yes. We say it through double comparatives“The sooner, the better”. But, wait. Is it correct to use article the with comparative comparison (-er, more)? Let’s check it out.
Comparisons are used to assess the value of one thing and another. They are equal comparison (as…as), comparative comparison and superlative comparison (-est, the most).
Double comparatives comprise of two parts, each of which begins with the. The second part is the result of the first one. In double comparatives, both parts have parallel structures.
There are three structures of double comparatives:
1) the + comparative, the + comparative
e.g. The fresher, the tastier.
2) the + comparative + the noun, the + comparative + the noun
e.g. The greater the experience, the higher the salary.
3) the + comparative + subject + verb , the + comparative + subject + verb
e.g. The harder you work, the more you accomplish.
Betty Schrampfer Azar, Fundamentals of English Grammar: Third Edition
Deborah Phillips, Longman Complete Course for the TOEFL Test
Michael A Pyle and Mary Ellen Munoz Page, Cliffs TOEFL Preparation Guide
This topic might be one of the most frequently asked questions that we have ever received. What is the difference between ‘due to’ and ‘because of?’
@ridhoansyori: KINDLY. SOMEONE. EXPLAIN. PLS
Take a look at these two sentences
– Her headache was due to the noise coming from upstairs.
– She had a headache because of the noise coming from upstairs.
On sentence 1, there is the noun ‘her headache’ and the linking verb ‘was.’ To make sentence 1 a complete sentence, we need a complement. The phrase ‘due to the noise coming from upstairs’ is this complement.
“Her headache was due to the noise coming from upstairs.” Subject linking verb complement
On sentence 2, the subject is ‘she.’ The predicate is ‘had a headache.’
If we write it only as ‘she had a headache,’ the sentence will still be complete. We want to introduce the reason WHY she had a headache. So, we add ‘because of the noise coming from upstairs.’
Although sentence 1 & 2 are similar, sentence 1 was actually meant to say that there was a noise from upstairs and her headache came as a RESULT to this noise.
Meanwhile, sentence 2 explained that THE REASON she had a headache was that noise coming from upstairs.
Are you still unsure, fellas? Let’s take the following exercise.
a. My brother’s success is ______ his hard work.
b. My brother is a successful person ______ his hard work.
c. She failed ______ not studying.
d. Her failure was ______ not studying.
@dindaaark: a. Due to. b. Because of. c. Because of. d. Due to. @notevennurul: A. Due to. B. Because of. C. Because of. D. Due to. @cynthiatika: a, d : due to. b, c : because of.
Answers: a & d: due to
‘My brother’s success’ came as a result of ‘his hard work.’
‘Her failure’ came as a result of ‘not studying.’
b & c: because of
‘His hard work’ is the reason why ‘my brother is a successful person.’
‘Not studying’ is the reason why ‘she failed.’
A couple of tips to decide when to use ‘due to’ and ‘because of’:
‘Due to’ is an adjectival phrase. It gives more detail to the noun. It identifies the result of an event. It always comes after linking verb ‘be’ (is, am, are, was, were, will be, etc.).
‘Because of’ is an adverbial phrase. It gives more detail to the verb. It identifies the reason why something happens. It always comes after subject + verb.
Q: @magnifician: Di kamus cambridge online, “due to” bisa menggantikan “because of”, min (contoh kedua)
A: Benar. Namun, contoh kedua lebih tepat jika menggunakan ‘because of.’ Ini versi admin: A lot of her unhappiness is due to boredom. She is unhappy because of boredom. The bus’ delay was due to heavy snow. The bus was delayed because of heavy snow.
Q: @magnifician: Ini contoh lainnya…
A: Seperti penjelasan admin sebelumnya, ‘due to’ memberi keterangan pada subjek, sehingga jika sudah menggunakan ‘due to,’ frasa yang mengandung verba bisa tidak dicantumkan. The game’s cancellation was due to adverse weather conditions. Her five days of work was due to illness.
The captain’s withdrawal from the match was due to injury. Kalimat 2 & 3 sudah tepat menggunakan ‘due to.’
We all have that one friend who sings beautifully, albeit never considering singing as a professional career. What should we say to compliment him/her? Do we say, “I love you singing,” or do we say, “I love your singing?” Which one is correct, fellas?
@ghaniginanjar: The second one. I love your singing.
@KushalRJoshi: Second one?
@endang_yl: I love your singing.
@XxKit_kat: The 2nd one ‘I love your singing’ = ‘I love the sound of your voice when you sing’.
On one fine afternoon, you and a friend are out for a walk. You pass a bus stop where a woman seems to be crying. Do you say to your friend, “Did you see that woman crying?” or do you say, “Did you see that woman’s crying?”
@Goyoomin: Did you see that woman crying?
So, what is the difference between these two situations? Why do we use the possessive form ‘your singing’ in the first example, but then we use ‘see that woman crying’ in the second example?
Let’s go back to what gerund is. Gerund is a verb that has transformed into and functions as a noun. Therefore, the way we use gerund should always be in line with the way we use a noun, including combining it with a possessive form.
If we see a sentence like the one in the first example, “I love your singing,” it’s very likely that the thing we love is ‘the singing that belong to you.’ ‘Singing‘ here is something owned by ‘you,’ or in other words, ‘your singing.’
What about the second example? Does it make sense if I modify the sentence into, “Did you see that crying woman?” Does the sentence still have the same meaning?
‘Crying‘ in the second example is not a gerund. It is in fact an adjective, modifying ‘that woman.’ Therefore, we do not need to use a possessive form like we did with the first example.
Two tips to determine whether a verb -ing should come with a possessive form or not:
Check the object of our action. In the first example, is it the ‘you’ that you love or is it the ‘singing that belongs to you?’
Try switching the sentence’s structure. Modifying the first sentence into ‘I love singing you’ does not quite make the same sense as modifying the second sentence into ‘Did you see that crying woman?’
Do you mind (me/my) asking questions?
No, not at all. I appreciate (you/your) coming to me.
I heard about the (project/project’s) being cancelled.
In fact, we anticipate the possibility of (it/its) succeeding.
“Do you mind my asking questions?”
Checklist: – What will the other person mind about?
The action ‘asking questions’ that belongs to the speaker. ‘Asking questions’ here is a gerund. – How could we modify the sentence into? The sentence could be modified into, “Do you mind asking me questions?” or “Do you mind asking my questions?” which does not have the same meaning as the primary sentence.
“No, not at all. I appreciate your coming to me.” Checklist: – What does the speaker appreciate? The action ‘coming to me’ that belongs to the interlocutor. ‘Coming to me’ here is a gerund. – How could we modify the sentence into? The sentence could be modified into, “I appreciate coming you to me,” which does not have any clear meaning.
“I heard about the project being almost cancelled.” Checklist: – What did the speaker hear about? The project is being almost cancelled. ‘Being almost cancelled’ here is an adjective. – How could we modify the sentence into? The sentence could be modified into, “I heard about the almost-cancelled project,” which has the exact same meaning as the primary sentence.
“In fact, we anticipate the possibility of its succeeding.” Checklist: – What does the speaker anticipate? The success of the project. ‘Succeeding’ here is a gerund. – How could we modify the sentence into? The sentence could be modified into, “In fact, we anticipate the possibility of succeeding it,” which creates double meanings. It can mean that the project is being successful or it can mean that the project is being followed by another project. The phrase ‘its succeeding’ will remove the ambiguity.
Special shout-out to one of our fellas who sent us a question about how to use possessives with gerunds during our LINE chat session. If you would like a one-one-one consultation as well, add us on LINE @EnglishTips4U.
Hola, Fellas, welcome to English Trivia session. How are you today? In this #EngTriva we are going to have a talk about some adjectives that are commonly confusing.
‘Each’ vs. ‘every’
The first are ‘each’ and ‘every.’ Does any of you can explain what is the difference between those words? ‘Each’ and ‘every’ are actually similar in referring singular noun
However, ‘each’ is used to indicate individual object/person. Meanwhile ‘every’indicates a group of similar object, for instances doctors, teachers, apples, books, days, etc.
In a special case, we usually use ‘each’ when there are only two objects at the moment.
“She wear socks on each of her feet.”
On the other hand, if there are more than two objects the use of ‘each’ and ‘every’ is interchangeably.
“I donated every books I have to the town’s library,”
“Dina gave each of her old clothes to her sister.”
‘Farther’ vs. ‘further’
I found an articles in quickanddirtytips.com about these words. It stated that ‘farther’ is used to refer physical distance while ‘further’ refers figurative or metaphorical distance.
“We need to drive farther to reach Anyer beach,”
“We can discuss the financial planning further in the next meeting.”
‘Sick’ vs. ‘ill’
The last ones are ‘sick’ and ‘ill.’ The general difference between ‘sick’ and ‘ill’ is their formality. If you are included in less formal communication, you may use the word ‘sick.’ In addition, ‘sick’ describes a short term disease while ‘ill’ can describe both short term and long term disease.
“Maya couldn’t come to school for three days because she was sick,”
“Finally she appears fresher today. The project she’s just handled certainly made her look ill.”
Hello Fellas.. how’s your Thursday? Are you also excited like me to welcome Friday, which means weekend, tomorrow?
Alright, maybe some of you have noticed the title of today’s session, “how do you read ‘1800s’ and its friends?” It doesn’t mean that we will be focus on ‘1800s,’ but do you know how to spell it? Is it “one thousand and eight hundreds”? Just like we spell fifties (50s)?
I even couldn’t think about a single thing while I found the word ‘1800s’ in my English textbook.
Generally, ‘1800s’ indicates a century and after I did a browsing in the internet, it stated that ‘1800s’ is spelled “eighteen hundreds.” So, you read by dividing the ‘18’ (eighteen) and ‘00s’ (hundreds).
1300s: thirteen hundreds
1400s: fourteen hundreds
1700s: seventeen hundreds
Then, what about the century which is started in millennial era, such as 2000s, 2100s, 2200s, and so on? Could you tell me what is the proper pronounce of those years?
Similarly, you pronounce ‘2100s’ by separating ’21’ and ’00s.’ So, it will be “twenty one hundreds.” Then “twenty two hundreds” for ‘2200s,’ “twenty three hundreds” for ‘2300s,’ and so on.