Category Archives: TOEFL

#EngTips: IELTS vs. TOEFL (2)

If we are not an English native speaker but we are planning to study or work abroad, in some stage of the application, we will need to also attach our IELTS or TOEFL score to our application. Both tests aim to assess our English proficiency and make sure that we are able to communicate well in English.

What are IELTS and TOEFL?

International English Language Test System (IELTS) is an English language test that is used for educational, immigration and occupational purposes, and is accepted by over 9,000 institutions across 130 countries worldwide. Jointly administered by the British Council, University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations and IDP Education Australia, IELTS uses British English, and is more likely to be favoured by UK and institutions in Commonwealth nations such as New Zealand and Australia. Depending on the entry requirements of the program, we might need to take either the Academic or General Training IELTS exam.

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) tests our ability to communicate in English in specifically academic, university and classroom-based settings. It is accepted by over 8,500 institutions across 130 countries, including the UK, USA and Australia, as well as all of the world’s top 100 universities. TOEFL is administered by US-based organization, the Education Testing Service, and so is conducted in American English. This test is more likely to be favoured by American institutions.

Similarities between IELTS and TOEFL

Both test our four main language skills: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. IELTSn Indonesia is similar to other countries, and so is TOEFL, that is why the scoring system is consistent all over the world.

Both tests also cost within the same price range, USD 150 – USD 250 per test per person.

Differences between IELTS and TOEFL

1. Scoring system

IELTS band score ranges from 1 to 9. The score report is valid for two years. We will generally aim to 6.5 to 7 to be considered as a ‘competent’ to ‘good’ user of English language.

TOEFL scores come in two versions. TOEFL Internet Based Test (TOEFL iBT) is more progressive, but test administration in some countries still uses the Paper Based Test (PBT). iBT score ranges from 0 to 120, while PBT ranges from 310 to 677.

The following spreadsheet shows the link between IELTS and TOEFL iBT score.

IELTS & TOEFL scoring system

2. Reading module

The IELTS test has a wide range of question types, while TOEFL test is multiple choices only. IELTS reading test lasts 60 minutes. Reading in TOEFL takes approximately 60 to 80 minutes.

3. Listening module

The IELTS listening test is 30 minutes, while TOEFL is 60 minutes. IELTS has a range of different questions including sentence completion, matching headings, and True, False or Not Given. The TOEFL test is multiple choices only.

We will also hear a range of different accents from English speaking countries such as Ireland, Wales, Scotland, the USA, Canada and Australia on the IELTS test whereas the TOEFL test will always be standard American English.

4. Speaking module

IELTS speaking test consists of 3 sections and its total duration is 15 minutes. In the test, we will have a face-to-face conversation with native English speaker.

In TOEFL speaking test, based on more recently used iBT, we will be talking to the computer. For those who don’t really have time to conduct IELTS, because it’s usually conducted during office hours, taking TOEFL iBT might be more suitable. The test will last for 20 minutes.

5. Writing module

IELTS has two different types of writing test: writing for Academic Training and General Training. Academic is suitable for those hoping to attend university, while General Training is mostly used for immigration purposes.

Both types have total duration 1 hour. In the Academic paper, we will be required to write a short essay based on a given graph, chart, map or cycle diagram. In the General Training paper, we will be asked to write a letter and a short essay on a particular topic.

TOEFL writing test consists of two tasks. The total duration is 50 minutes. In the first task, we need to read a text and then listen to a 2-minute lecture on the same topic. We must then write a short response to a specific question on that topic. The second task is a longer discursive essay on a particular issue, similar to a university style academic essay.

Which test to take?

Normally, the institutions we are applying to would specify which test to take. If they can accept either, the following table can be your consideration.

I like talking to people one-on-one. I prefer talking to a computer.
I like to write by hand. I am better at typing than handwriting.
I can understand a variety of English-speaking accents. I find American accents easy to listen to.
I find it difficult to concentrate for long periods of time. I can concentrate for long periods of time.
I prefer shorter tests. I can easily follow a lecture and take notes.
I prefer different types of questions. I like multiple choice questions.


Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, March 6, 2017

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#EngQuiz: Analogies

Here’s how we play it: you are presented a sentence, then to choose another one with the most suitable relationship.

Here is an example:

Necklace is to beads as __________
mosaic is to tiles
Why? Necklace consists of beads; mosaic consists of tiles
pebble is to mountain
caterpillar is butterfly
baseball is to glove

Okay, let’s start!

1. Topaz is to yellow as __________
diamond is to carat
amber is to blue
sapphire is to red
amethyst is to purple
Why? Topazes are yellow; amethysts are purple.
2. Walk is to legs as __________
gleam is to eyes
chew is to mouth
Why? Walk is a movement of the legs; chewing is a movement of the mouth.
cover is to book
grind is to nose
3. Chronological is to time as __________
virtual is to truth
abnormal is to value
marginal is to knowledge
ordinal is to place
Why? Chronological means in order of time, as ordinal means in order in place.
4. Waitress is to restaurant as __________
actor is to role
teacher is to school
Why? A waitress works in a restaurant; a teacher works in a school.
driver is to truck
author is to book
5. Rain is to drizzle as __________
swim is to drive
hop is to shuffle
run is to jog
Why? To drizzle is to rain slowly; to jog is to run slowly.
juggle is to bounce
6. Depresses is to sad as __________
neat is to considerate
exhausted is to tired
Why? Depressed is an intensification of sad; exhausted is an intensification of tired.
progressive is to tired
rapid is to plodding
7. Finale is to musical as __________
inning is to baseball
mystery is to novel
barista is to coffee
homestretch is to race
Why? The finale is the final part of a musical. The homestretch is the final part of a race.
8. Optimism is to pessimism as __________
success is to failure
Why? optimism is the opposite of pessimism; success it the opposites of failure.
food is to hunger
motivation is to dedication
maturity is to youth

Compiled and written by @AnienditaR at @EnglishTips4u on Saturday, November 28, 2015


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#EngTips: Basic etiquette in writing letters and emails

Imagine the following situation and tell us what you think.

There’s a new email in my inbox from some unknown address, with a blank subject? Do you think it’s worth reading?

Okay. So, curiosity got the better of me and I read it anyway. Nothing was written in it, save for 1 file in the attachment. What would you do?

@DaLonGxxi: it looks suspicious .. it might be a link some hacker has created to hack the account ..

@AwesomeChaser: A big no. I will just delete it even without opening the email.

People used to hand-write their letters and send them by post. However, to save cost and to cut on the use of papers, more prefer to correspond by emails nowadays. Letters and emails alike are tools of communication. Think of them as written communication.

Letter writing is an important life skill, especially in the digital era. It has the potential to affect your reputation and credibility. So, check out these basic e-mail etiquette.


1. State the purpose or main issue of your email in the Subject box.

Subject is the first thing people see, they would either read your email or ignore it altogether. It gives a brief idea of what your email is about.


2. Always start with a salutation.

In verbal communication, “salutation” is the part where we greet someone. This simple point can help build a good first impression. The most common salutation used is “Dear…,”.

  • If you only know the gender of the recipient, not the name, you can start with “Dear Madam/Sir/Miss,” Do pick one of the three.
  • If you know the name of the recipient, you can write his/her name with a title. Example: “Dear Mr. Jones,”
  • If you aren’t writing to a specific contact person, or if you have no idea whom you’re writing to,  you can start with “To whom it may concern,”
  • If you’re writing a semi-formal letter you may use “Hello,” or “Hi,” or even “Hey,” for informal greetings.


3. Depending on whom you’re writing to, you might start by asking after his/her well-being.

Or if you’re writing a more formal email, you might want to skip the small talk and get straight to the point.


4. Organize your thoughts and put them into writing.

If you can help it, divide the content into paragraphs, grouped by topics/ideas. That would definitely help keep the reader’s attention.


5. Thank the recipient.

For the time and effort to read your email, it wouldn’t hurt to add a “thank you” on the last paragraph of your email.


6. Be polite and use a complimentary close.

To end your letter on a good note, use a complimentary close. Of course, followed by your name.

  • For formal letters, stick to “Sincerely yours,” “Kindest regards,” or “Best wishes,”
  • For semi-formal letters, you can end them with “Sincerely,” or “Regards,”.
  • It’s not unheard of to end letters with “Love,” “Affectionately,” or “Fondly,” especially in ones for loved ones or close friends.


All these points might either sound a lot or even trivial for some people, but believe me, these basic etiquette not only shows how well-mannered and civilized you are, but also how much you respect, care about and appreciate the recipient. Yes… Even if you’re only writing to friends or relatives.


Do you have any other pet peeves when it comes to emails? Or do you have other tips on how to write a ‘good’ email? Feel free to mention us on Twitter or leave a comment in the box below.


Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, August 14, 2014





#EngTalk: tentang TOEFL: sebenarnya apa tujuan tes TOEFL?

What do you think about this news, fellas?

Di Sumsel Sertifikat TOEFL Cuma Rp 150 Ribu

Sebenarnya tujuan orang ambil tes seperti TOEFL itu apa sih? Ada juga yang pakai jasa ‘joki’. Kalau misal IELTS bisa tidak ya seperti itu?

  1. @febrian2w: test TOEFL syarat buat wisuda min.
  2. @okadanil: buat test IELTS gak bisa pake joki, karena bt masuk ruangan tes bakal sidik jari dulu, klo gak cocok ya gak bisa ikut tes.
  3. @marchelapratiwi: untuk memenuhi persyaratan spt beasiswa atau kerja min. Useless bgt kalau pake jasa joki..
  4. @vhy_llaa: syarat buat tes S2 min
  5. @AnniLaBeneamata: *to me* buat ngukur sejauh mana, how good our skill in English. TOEFL masih rawan joki kyknya, kalo IELTS sprtinya susah
  6. IELTS –> “@priscillatiara: di result nya juga ada foto kita. Jd ga bs digantiin sama joki”
  7. @Electroboyzz: Test TOEFL atau IELTS dipakai buat masuk univ. Luar negeri atau bisa jg sbg syarat untuk Kuliah S2
  8. @R_Dhewie75: Tes TOEFL itu bisa buat wisuda bisa juga buat persyaratan masuk CPNS min, IELTS gak bisa pakai joki Min.
  9. @amaya_siwon407: rasanya kurang adil kalau pakai ‘joki’ untuk tes spt itu. Sm sj berbuat curang ke diri sendiri
  10. @anaypatricyapp: Useless didunia kerja:))
  11. @widawadie: IMO, IELTS tesnya lebih menguji skill, karna jwban tesnya dlm bntuk isian bkn PG yg bs nebak2, dan ada sesi interview jg..


Hari ini admin sengaja ngetwit pakai bahasa Indonesia supaya semua fellas paham dengan mudah. Admin mau berbagi sedikit. :)

Seperti yang sudah admin RT, sudah tau ya apa kepanjangan TOEFL & IELTS. Walaupun dibuat oleh institusi yang berbeda, tapi tujuannya sama.

TOEFL & IELTS itu ibarat kalau kita sakit, kita pergi ke dokter/ rumah sakit untuk minta didiagnosa bagian mana yang sakit/ bermasalah.

Nah, TOEFL & IELTS itu alat diagnosa kemampuan/ skills bahasa Inggris kita, seperti listening, reading, speaking, writing, dsb.

Di dalam TOEFL & IELTS bagian-bagian yang diujikan seperti: listening, reading, speaking, writing. Di situ didiagnosa kemampuan kita.

TOEFL ada 2 jenis: PBT (Paper-based Test = menggunakan kertas) & iBT (Internet-based Test = online). Yang rawan joki/ kecurangan: PBT.

Selain kadang bisa disusupi joki, sering ditemukan sertifikat TOEFL abal-abal aka palsu. Pastikan kita mengambil di perwakilan resmi.

TOEFL PBT berlaku nasional, TOEFL iBT internasional. Sementara IELTS otomatis internasional. Di mana kantor perwakilannya? Silakan Google.

Ada yang bertanya bedanya sama TOEIC? Tidak seperti TOEFL & IELTS yang biasanya dipakai untuk keperluan akademik, TOEIC digunakan sebagai ‘alat diagnosa’ dunia kerja.

Siapa di sini yang guru? :) Tujuan belajar itu apa sih? Jelas bukan untuk menghadapi tes, tapi untuk pada akhirnya mempunyai pengetahuan & skill.

Pengetahuan & skill ‘ASLI’ yang bisa dipakai di dunia nyata. Hal sama yang membuat UN jadi polemik belakangan ini. *admin yang ini guru* :p

Makanya itu TOEFL & IELTS itu sebenarnya bukan mata pelajaran yang harus dipelajari. Membiasakan diri dengan bentuk soalnya = boleh.

Makanya itu kita ikut TOEFL/ IELTS preparation (persiapan) supaya lebih familiar dgn sistem, format ujian, bentuk soal, dsb.

Gambar diambil dari buku TOEFL terbitan Kaplan. Intinya: pengen TOEFL bagus? Bahasa Inggris harus bagus dulu.

apa tujuan toefl a
Source: Kaplan’s TOEFL Paper and Pencil Third Edition

Masih dari buku yang sama. ‘Belajar’ TOEFL saja tidak cukup. Tapi proficiency (kecakapan) secara menyeluruh = wajib.

apa tujuan toefl b
Source: Kaplan’s TOEFL Paper and Pencil Third Edition

Jadi TOEFL & IELTS bukan tujuan akhir belajar ya. Mereka hanya ‘alat diagnosa’. Tujuan akhir: bisa berbahasa Inggris dengan fasih. :)

Because you know what people say.. At the end of the day, “LIFE is the most difficult EXAM”. :D

Source: Google Images
Source: Google Images

Questions & Answers

  1. Q: “@harly_wirawan: kepanjangannya apaan sih TOEFL sama IELTS min?” | A@edwinmarcel:  TOEFL : Test of English as Foreign Language. IELTS : International English Language Testing System
  2. Q: Yang mana yang lebih bagus, TOEFL atau IELTS? | A: Di antara TOEFL & IELTS sebenarnya tidak ada istilah ‘yang lebih bagus’. Tiap institusi biasanya punya pilihan masing-masing.
  3. Q@NurulNhasha_MS: Min dr td kan bhas yg TOEFL & IELTS.. Nah klo TOEIC sistemnya gmn min? :) | A: Coba baca penjelasan tentang TOEIC di Wikipedia ya:
  4. Q@AnindiaNAzalia: toefl itu buatan amerika kan? Dan ielts itu british? Gitu bukan sih min? | A: bisa dibilang begitu.
  5. Q@heyuswan: TOEFL itu diadakannya sama suatu lembaga atau pemerintah ya? | A: lembaga perwakilan TOEFL, bukan pemerintah. :)
  6. Q: tujuan ambil IELTS apa? | A: IELTS biasanya syarat kuliah/ permanent residency di Inggris, Australia, negara-negara Eropa & persemakmuran Inggris.
  7. Q@ayyamame: punya nya TOEIC berguna ga tuuh? | A: berguna. Tergantung sekarang buat apa. Biasanya TOEIC dipakai di perusahaan-perusahaan untuk penerimaan karyawan.
  8. Q: @priscillatiara: toefl PBT jg skrg sudah banyak yg tidak mengakui, min. | A: Secara nasional masih, tapi tidak untuk ke luar negeri. :)
  9. Q@palupiretnoo: min,apa bdnya TOEFL Preparation sm TOEFL Proficiency ? | A: preparation = persiapannya (kursus/ les). Proficiency = kecakapan/ skill yang diujikan. :)
  10. Q: IELTS & TOEFL berlaku berapa lama? | A: IELTS berlaku 2 tahun. TOEFL juga sama. :)
  11. Q@eriseryess: min kata dosen saya ada juga yg CBT tp karena sekarang jamannya udah berubah jd CBT saat ini gabung sama IBT. | A: Betul.
  12. Q@marthayunanda: could we go to study in Britain, but show our Toefl ? | A: Ada institusi UK yang menerima TOEFL iBT, keterangannya bisa dibaca di web institusi masing-masing. :)
  13. Q@satyasekar: mungkin ga orang bule asli punya score toefl nya jelek | A: Hmm.. Maksudnya penutur asli bahasa Inggris ya? Sesuai dengan namanya TOEFL cuma untuk non-native speakers. :)
  14. Q@ci_lin: saya ambil PBT toefl di LBI UI ktnya berlaku internasional. Pernah bwt apply scholarship ke luar negeri jg, ga diprotes min. | A: sudah keterima scholarship ke luar negerinya? Biasanya sebelum berangkat disuruh ambil lagi yang iBT *biasanya*. :)
  15. Q@SS_rafly: Miin can u help me, how to improve listening skill in TOEFL?” | A@fathyrayyan:  Bisa latihan jawab soal-soal Listening gratis di sini→
  16. Q@jcarmenita: min kalo TOEFL iBT sama yg PBT itu tingkat kesusahan soalnya beda yah? | A: coba lihat skill apa saja yang diujikan di sini: . PBT tanpa speaking. :)
  17. Q: min, kan IELTS masa berlakunya dua tahun, kalau masa berlaku dua tahun itu belum habis mau ikut tes lagi boleh atau nggak? | A: boleh boleh saja. :)

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on October 1, 2013

#EngTips: IELTS vs TOEFL

Hi fellas! Did you follow our #EngTips on TOEFL test (#EngTips: #TOEFL) last week and IELTS test (#EngTips: IELTS) the week before?

Today, admin will give a little recap on IELTS & TOEFL tests. And as I promised, I’ll highlight some of their differences. Ready?

RT @lulyprastuty: @englishtips4u min, what’s the difference of TOEFL & IELTS? Thanks :)

RT @ferisha_: @EnglishTips4U min, IELTS itu bedanya apa ya sama TOEFL? Jelasin dong. Trims~

RT @irtyo: @EnglishTips4U so, what is different between IELTS and TOEFL?

RT @khairunnisaonly: @EnglishTips4U which one is better ?

RT @ATKusuma: @EnglishTips4U IELTS vs TOEFL which is better?

Do you have the same questions as those I’ve just RTed? What’re the differences between IELTS & TOEFL? Which is better?

Let’s do a quick recap to start :) IELTS & TOEFL are tests of English proficiency.

IELTS stands for International English Language Testing System & TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language. Both IELTS and TOEFL iBT tests assess your English reading, writing, listening & speaking skills. IELTS & TOEFL are needed if you wish to study overseas or to apply for scholarship in overseas universities. At the completion of IELTS or TOEFL, you would get a score and the certificate is valid for 2 years.

Now, let’s move on to the differences, shall we?

Different intent
IELTS & TOEFL generally differ in intent.

IELTS & TOEFL test whether you can speak, read, understand and write English well enough to attend college in an English-speaking program.

While TOEFL mainly focus on academic purposes, the IELTS test comes in 2 versions: academic & general training.

Say you wish to migrate to UK, Australia or other commonwealth countries, you can take the General Training version of IELTS. The general training version of IELTS is for those who are looking to head to an English-speaking country for work/immigration.

Different style

TOEFL is designed for North American speakers & hearers. Whereas IELTS is designed to fit a variety of accents & situations.

The spoken portions of TOEFL are read by native North American speakers. The questions are based on North American English.

The writing styles and accents in IELTS tests are designed to mimic the accent & style of many different countries. This makes IELTS ideal for those who are looking to test their ability to speak and read English, but not necessarily need to speak and read North American English.

This difference will have a larger effect because spelling counts and that is one area where Britain and US do not always see eye-to-eye.

Different method of scoring

The score calculation of IELTS & TOEFL also differ.

IELTS tests are rated by so-called ‘band’ scores from 0 to 9. Every module will be awarded a score from 0 to 9, and then averaged for the IELTS band score.

In TOEFL, numeral scores are assigned to different test parts and then totaled for the final TOEFL score.

Different types of questions

The TOEFL test is almost entirely made up of MCQs (multiple choice questions). On the other hand, IELTS has much wider range of question types including MCQs, gap fill, matching exercises, etc. If you do not feel comfortable with MCQs, the TOEFL is not the test for you.

For the reading and listening sections, TOEFL gives you MCQs, whereas IELTS generally expects you to copy down words from the text or from text or conversation word-for-word.

The good thing about MCQ is that it is easy to pick out wrong answers. Whereas the good thing about copying down is that the answer is sitting there in the text. You just need to find it & repeat it.

Different test duration

If you tend to become nervous during a test and want the test to end sooner, you should take the IELTS test.  The TOEFL exam lasts approximately for 4 hours, whereas the IELTS test is significantly shorter, about 2 hours and 45 minutes.

Different style of speaking module

Another large difference is how the speaking section is carried out. In TOEFL, your answer will be recorded and assessed. Whereas the speaking module in IELTS is carried out in front of a native speaker, in an interview format.

Some people might feel more relaxed to just record your answers into a computer because it feels like no one is listening. Because IELTS is done in an interview format with native speaker present, you might get nervous or feel being judged. Or perhaps you might feel more relaxed in a conversation, with a person there to explain if you don’t understand a question or simply having a face to look at, instead of a computer screen.

If you like talking to people, IELTS is a better bet. If you want to be alone and not feel judged, TOEFL will be more comfortable for you.

Different grading criteria

The speaking and writing sections of TOEFL are graded holistically. The grader gives you a score based on the overall quality of the essay, including vocabulary, logic, style and grammar.

The IELTS by contrast is marked by individual criteria and you are scored individually for grammar, word choice, fluency, logic, cohesion, and many others. #EngTips

In other words, if you write well but have a lot of small grammar mistakes, your TOEFL score might be quite good because graders will ignore small mistakes if the overall essay is logical and detailed. The IELTS will not overlook bad grammar.

However, if your grammar and vocabulary are strong but you have trouble expressing your opinion or organizing an essay, you could end up with a low TOEFL score but the IELTS will give you good mark for language use.

If you don’t feel comfortable writing essays but you think you have excellent grammar and vocabulary and overall are a decent writer, the IELTS test will probably be easier for you.

So, which one is better? IELTS or TOEFL?

The final question which usually bothers the majority of candidate is which of the two is more difficult, IELTS or TOEFL. There really is no definite satisfying answer because it depends on your knowledge and preparation, as well as the test itself. Mind you, IELTS & TOEFL change every time they are taken.

Nevertheless, such a question is largely irrelevant, since most educational institutions clearly state what test the students must take in order to enroll in their university, which means students usually know what they have to prepare for and should not lose time by developing fear for any test section.

That’s all, fellas! I hope today’s #EngTips could help you better understand IELTS & TOEFL tests. :D

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak at @EnglishTips4U on January 26, 2013

#EngTips: TOEFL

In this post, well talk about TOEFL. If you miss our previous discussion on IELTS, have a look at this post: #EngTips: IELTS

Apart from this post on TOEFL and another post on IELTS, there is another dedicated to talk about the differences of IELTS and TOEFL. #EngTips: IELTS vs TOEFL


What is TOEFL?

TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language. It is for non-native speakers wishing to study in American universities. It assesses whether you can speak, read, understand & write English well enough to attend college in an English-speaking program.


TOEFL formats

You might have heard of different formats of TOEFL test such as CBT,PBT & iBT. Let’s have a look at their differences.

  • CBT stands for computer-based tests.
  • PBT stands for paper-based tests.
  • And iBT is the Internet-based test format of TOEFL.

Today, PBT is used for local purposes only such as graduation prerequisite in certain university, scholarship prerequisite, etc.


Where is TOEFL from?

The official institution having the right to issue the test as well as the certificate is ETS called TOEFL ITP (Institutional Testing Program). ETS stands for Education Testing System. Other institutions are only allowed to conduct TOEFL test when designated or have official cooperation with ETS. TOEFL ITP test fee is Rp 300,000 but it may vary according to the institution policies holding the test.

TOEFL ITP test is not allowed to be internally held by institutions without official permission from or cooperation with ETS. TOEFL equivalent, TOEFL prediction, or other names are the common terms to distinct the internally TOEFL test held by other institutions from the official ones held by ETS. Their test fees would vary and usually below the official TOEFL ITP rate :)

CBT (Computer Based Test) version of TOEFL is yet less popular amidst the other types, at least in Indonesia. CBT was discontinued in September 2006 and the scores are no longer valid.

Since its introduction in late 2005, iBT has progressively replaced both CBT and PBT. iBT is today the only official TOEFL test recognized internationally. It is the official proof of your English proficiency. If you wish to study abroad, you would need to take the iBT format of TOEFL as it is the only internationally recognized format.



Due to the reason stated in above, we will particularly talk about the iBT format of TOEFL.
The 4 hour test consists of 4 modules and all tasks focus on language used in an academic, higher-education environment.

The 4 modules tested in iBT TOEFL are:

  • Reading,
  • Listening,
  • Speaking and
  • Writing.


Reading Module

The TOEFL reading module asks you to read 3 to 4 passages of university level and answer multiple-choice questions (MCQs) about them. The passages are on academic topics like those in undergraduate university textbooks. The passages aims to assess your understanding of rhetorical functions such as cause-effect, compare-contrast and argumentation.

You will be facing MCQs on: main ideas, details, interference, essential information, sentence insertion, vocabulary, rhetorical purpose and overall ideas of the passage. You might even be asked to fill out tables or complete summaries. Each passage will be approx. 700 words in length and followed by 12-14 questions.

You have 60-80 minutes to finish the module.

If I may add, @ passage consists 13-14 ques. with the last ques worth 3-4 points – @sierrapritta


Listening Module

The TOEFL listening module consists of 6 passages of 3-5 minutes in length, including 2 student conversations and 4 lectures/discussions. The situations are always related to university life for example a conversation on research materials or a marketing lecture.

The questions are multiple choice and ask you about important details, inferences, tone and vocabulary. You may take notes while listening to the recording and refer to them when you answer the questions. The module aims to assess your ability to understand main ideas, important details, implications, relationship between ideas, organization of information, speaker’s purpose and speaker’s attitude.


Speaking Module

The TOEFL speaking module lasts for about 20 minutes. You will speak into a microphone and be recorded for later assessment.

  • Two questions will be on familiar topics and ask you to give opinion or describe something familiar to you, like your town or favorite teacher. You will be evaluated on your ability to speak spontaneously and convey your ideas clearly and coherently.
  • Two other questions will ask you to summarize information from a text and a conversation. You will read a short passage, listen to a lecture or conversation and answer question by combining appropriate information from the talk.
  • The two last questions will ask you to summarize information from a short conversation. You will listen to a lecture or a conversation about campus life and then respond to question about what you heard.

You may take notes as you read and listen and use them to prepare your response.


Writing Module

The TOEFL writing module measures your ability to write in an academic setting. You will deal with 2 tasks.

  • In the 1st task, you will read a passage and listen to a speaking discuss the same topic. You will then be asked to write a summary about the important points in the recording and explain how they relate to the key points in the reading passage.
  • In the 2nd task, you are required to summarize information from a text and a lecture which often disagree with each other. You’ll need to write an essay that states, explains, and supports your opinion on an issue, supporting your opinions or choices.



The iBT TOEFL test is scored on a scale of 0 to 120 points. Each module receives a scaled score from 0 to 30.

Each university or institution often has a minimum TOEFL score requirement. One source stated an average required total iBT TOEFL score of 75 for undergraduate admissions and 82.6 for graduate admissions.



A special thanks to @chiw for making this —> All about TOEFL by @EnglishTips4U

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, January 19, 2013


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#TOEFL: grammar exercise

It’s been a while since we talked about #TOEFL. Has anybody been taking TOEFL lately? Don’t you think that the grammar part is confusing?

In a #TOEFL test, questions about grammar are found in “Structure and Written Expression” section. It consists of 2 parts: Part A and Part B.

Many people find the most confusing part is Part B, where you have to choose 1 out of 4 parts of a sentence that is incorrect.

Here’s an example:

[1] (On) May 20,1932 Amelia Earhart [2] (became) the first [3] (woman fly) solo [4] (across) the Atlantic Ocean.

Find the incorrect part, is it [1] (On), [2] (became), [3] (woman fly), or [4] (across)? This is where your grammar is challenged.

So who knows the answer for my previous grammar question? If you can, please also add a short explanation.

Answer by @bagoesyasha: [3] (woman fly), the correct answer is (woman to fly).

Admin: Correct answer! Good job!

Ready for more questions? I think you are!

The rule is simple:

  • Choose the incorrect part of the sentence.
  • Give short explanation.
  1. Gulls [A] (can often) be [B] (see) swooping [C] (over) large [D] (bodies) of water.
  2. The human [A] (body) [B] (relies) on [C] (certainty) nutrients for its [D] (survival).
  3. Many [A] (people who) live in New York City [B] (thinks) that [C] (life) in a large city [D] (offers) special advantages.
  4. [A] (At) birth, an infant [B] (exhibits) a [C] (remarkable) number of motor [D] (response).
  5. Soil science [A] (begun) [B] (with) the [C] (formulation) of [D] (the) theory of humus in 1808.
  6. A liquid is [A] (similar) to a gas because [B] (has) molecules are not fixed to [C] (each other) in any specific [D] (way).
  7. [A] (Pure) flint is [B] (too) hard and even-grained that [C] (it) chips in [D] (smooth) curved flakes.
  8. [A] (A emotion) is [B] (not necessarily) [C] (aroused) by something in [D] (the outside) world.
  9. As inevitably as [A] (human culture) has [B] (changed) with [C] (the passing) of time, so [D] (does) the environment.
  10. Studies [A] (of either) vision and physical optics [B] (began) almost [C] (as early as) civilization [D] (itself).


1. @OwLuck: B see (seen) *passive voice for modal can be + v3

Explanation from admin:

1) “Gulls can often be see..” is supposed to be “Gulls can often be seen..” (Camar sering terlihat..) because it uses the passive. The structure for the passive in this sentence: [S + modal (can) + be + V3]. Learn more about the passive: The Passive.

2. @alfiiiii_ (C) it should be “certain nutrients”

Explanation from admin:

2) The phrase “certainty nutrients” is supposed to be “certain nutrients” (nutrisi tertentu). certain = adjective; nutrients = noun. “certainty” (noun) = not the correct part of speech. Learn more in these two links: Parts of speech and Phrase.

3. @reginaresinta: (thinks) because many people are plural and “thinks” only refers to singular subject.

3) The clause “Many people .. thinks” is supposed to be “Many people .. think” because “think” is plural verb, whereas the Subject here is plural. The subject “Many people” is plural, thus must use plural verb. This is called “agreement”. Learn more: Agreement.

4.@MsMonicLauretta: [D] (response) , the correct answer is (responses)”

4) “response” in “a remarkable number of motor response” is supposed to be in plural form, “responses”, because the phrase “a remarkable number” (jumlah yang luar biasa/sangat besar) indicates the plurality of the noun “response”.

5.@fhwilastra: begun, its supposed to be verb 2: began”

5) “Soil science begun (V3)” is supposed to be “Soil science began (V2)” because the sentence is in Simple Past Tense, thus we use V2.

6. @rayhantyas: b. its

6) “has molecules” has to be changed to “its molecules” so the sentence will have meaning. its = possessive adjective for “A liquid”. Jika diartikan, “A liquid is similar to a gas because its molecules are..” = Benda cair mirip dengan benda gas karena molekul-molekulnya..

7. @ichachatengku: [B] (too) should be (so)

7) “Pure flint is too hard .. that..” is supposed to be “Pure flint is so hard .. that..” Learn more about “so + that + clause”: Very vs so.

8. @kharissa_: [A] (A emotion), the correct answer is (an emotion)

8) “A emotion” is supposed to be “An emotion” because “emotion” begins with vowel sound, so we use “an”. Read: The determines = the, a, an.

9. @capucinnolovr: so has the environment. It must have the same tense.

9) “human culture has changed .. so does the environment.” is supposed to be “human culture has changed .. so has the environment.” The 2 clauses have to be in the same tense and have the same auxiliary to be parallel. Read “parallelism”: Parallel Structure.

10. Admin: [A]. It should be “Studies of both…”

10) “Studies of either vision and physical optics..” is supposed to be “Studies of both vision and physical optics..” How to use “both”: [BOTH .. AND ..]; meanwhile how to use “either”: [EITHER .. OR ..]. So “either” is not the correct word.

Compiled by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on October 8, 2012

#EngQuiz: Guess the similar meaning of the new vocabularies (3)

So, today I will give new vocabularies for fellas. But I need your help to find the similar meaning of every #EngVocab that I give. Here is the rule for this session: guess the meaning of new vocabulary that I put in the brackets.


Q1. The dry soil (imbibed) the rain quickly.

[A] poured

[B] absorbed

[C] illustrated

[D] gulped

Q2. The salesman was a (jocose) person.

[A] serious

[B] given to joking

[C] demure

[D] solemn

Q3. The old tree grows quite (knotty).

[A] even

[B] smooth

[C] gnarled

[D] flattened

Q4. That (lanky), overgrown boy looked very shy.

[A] long and thin

[B] obese

[C] corpulent

[D] plump

Q5. Do you believe that human nature is (malevolent) ?

[A] benevolent

[B] benign

[C] kind

[D] vicious


A1. absorbed

A2. given to joking

A3. gnarled

A4. long and thin

A5. vicious

Compiled and written by @fabfebby at @EnglishTips4U on September 16, 2012

#EngQuiz: Guess the similar meaning of the new vocabularies (2)

Tonight admin will give some #EngVocab but I make it in #EngQuiz. I need you to guess the similar meaning from the new vocabulary that I put in the brackets.


Q1. The road quickly (deteriorated) into a bumpy path.

[A] ameliorated

[B] worsened

[C] enhanced

[D] heightened

Q2. Government has been working hard to (elevate) people’s living standard.

[A] cut down

[B] deflate

[C] raise

[D] demote

Q3. The proposal met with a (formidable) opposition.

[A] light

[B] trivial

[C] comforting

[D] tremendous

Q4. She is (gracious) toward those around her.

[A] churlish

[B] cordial

[C] blunt

[D] surly

Q5. The airport is mostly a scene of (hustle) and bustle.

[A] hurry

[B] procrastination

[C] dissipation

[D] haughtiness


A1. worsened

A2. raise

A3. tremendous

A4. cordial

A5. hurry

Compiled and written by @fabfebby at @EnglishTips4U on September 01, 2012

#EngQuiz: Guess the similar meaning of the new vocabularies

Today admin will give some new #EngVocab for fellas, but I make it in #EngQuiz. I need you to guess the similar meaning from the word that I put in the brackets.


Q1. Nothing could ever (abash) him.

[a] please

[b] delight

[c] embarrass

[d] infuriate

Q2. A rich kid was (abducted) yesterday.

[a] rescued

[b] kidnapped

[c] killed

[d] betrayed

Q3. (Blizzard) is expected this winter.

[a] hail

[b] snowstorm

[c] tornado

[d] frost

Q4. To avoid making social (blunders), you have to be familiar with norms.

[a] boors

[b] bums

[c] bulwarks

[d] errors

Q5. The difficult allegro passages displayed her (consummate) skill.

[a] perfected

[b] uncouth

[c] callow

[d] green

Q6. Enthusiasm is often (contagious).

[a] repelling

[b] infectious

[c] poisonous

[d] tainted

Q7. We had to make a (detour) because the main road was closed.

[a] shortcut

[b] roundabout way

[c] straight

[d] turn

Q8. A (devastating) war has impoverished Vietnam.

[a] developing

[b] ravaging

[c] detractive

[d] desultory


A1. embarrass

A2. kidnapped

A3. snowstorm

A4. errors

A5. perfected

A6. infectious

A7. roundabout way

A8. ravaging

Compiled and written by @fabfebby at @EnglishTips4U on August 17, 2012

#EngQuiz: Word Choices (7)

1. What year did you (graduate/graduate from/graduating/graduating from) university?

2. It seems to be getting worse. You had better (consult/consult to/consult for/consult by) a specialist.

3. Jakarta is a large city, (aren’t it/doesn’t it/won’t it/isn’t it)?

4. Don’t leave your books near the open fire. They might easily (catch to fire/catch the fire/catch on fire/catch with fire).

5. Do you enjoy (to swim/swimming/swim/to swimming)?

6. I have trouble (to remember my password/to remembering my password/remember my password/remembering my password).

7. Do you have (many work/much work/many works/much works) to do today? We could have a long lunch if not.

8. My brother will (provide us up/provide us in/put us up/put us in) for a few nights.

9. When will the meeting (hold on/hold place/take on/take place)?

10. The board meeting was held (at Tuesday/on Tuesday/with Tuesday/in Tuesday).


1. Graduate from – @septich
2. Consult – @galihaichii
3. Isn’t it? – @ninnayussi
4. Catch on fire – @syifaaautami
5. Swimming – @zen_ashariEV
6. Remembering my password – @senorjoey
7. Much work – @IkaDwinanto
8. Put us up – @kenzhoanandiya
9. Take place – @moheanwar
10. On Tuesday – @apriyannto

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on July 22, 2012

#EngTips: #TOEFL Test

Well since admin just did her #toefl test, do you want to hear some tips that might be useful?

Most of you chose #toefl tips so I’m going to share some tips with you all :)

1. Firstly, to do a #toefl test, ada baiknya mengenal grammar sebaik-baiknya

2. #toefl listening is actually not that hard if you listen really carefully, questions are always based on the conversation happening

2. The Listening I had today have three parts of listening: short conversation, longer conversation, from a lecture

2. Hmm good tip :) RT @wahyu910: @EnglishTips4U 2nd speaker adlh kunci, ha

2. RT @devit__: When working on listening test, avoid similar sound words which are spoken by the speaker to answer the question

2. The short and long conversation consists of two people talking, while the lecture has one person talking

2. For listening, #toefl is American, so it is on their accent, so make sure you get a bit used to it before the test

2. Fellas can do that by watching or listening to conversations/movies with American accent, e.g. most Hollywood movies :)

3. A definitely yes unfortunately RT @t4m_t4m: Reading n structure are the hardest one

3. For structure and written expression, this is the real test if you’re any good with English grammar if I may say :S

3. For the part you have to choose the mistaken one, some of it you have to recognise comes from the smallest things

3. Such as an error of a tense they’re using or a word is missing, so don’t think far about it and look carefully

4. Reading is a tricky bit but there might be a lot of tricks to solve it

4. For Reading, it seems better to read the questions first then find the answer on the passage

4. Why? By that you won’t waste time, but I recommend you to skim the passage as well

4. Weird huh? The first question is always about what’s the passage about, and most of the time you can find it on the 1st paragraph

4. If not sure, you can see the last paragraph to summary what you think the passage is about, to re-check later, skim it again

4. Mostly reading’s questions consists of finding the closest meaning to a word located on a certain line of the passage

4. That’s why I don’t recommend fellas to read the whole thing fully before you get confused ;)

I usually use a practise book, ada yang tahu? RT @vit99Lorenzo: btw min tau link untuk belajar toefl secara online g??

:) RT @aninditaindi: if I may suggest, you can learn from Deborah Phillips’ book.. It’s easy to understand and quite useful to read ☺

RT @KasumaYuda:  but I recommend u to use book/toefl s/w @EnglishTips4U @vit99Lorenzo

@Mattdan_g @Christeffanie @EnglishTips4U sedikit bantu. IELTS mirip TOEFL (2 hari), namun ada conversation test dengan penguji. Penting u/ Univ d UK


TOEFL – Test of English as a Foreign Language

TOEIC – Test of English for International Communication

IELTS – International English Language Testing System;

ELPT – English Language Proficiency Test

If you’re confused which English test to take (if you’re not recommended) it’s always good to search it about it first #toefl

Like this one discussing about #toefl, toeic n ielts -> 

IELTS RT @yerrefever: as far as I know. it’s used for who wants to study in Aussy or England. #toefl

From admin @me_firdauz, English Language Proficiency Test is like a #toefl for work (dunia kerja) e.g. Eng test in Kementerian Luar Negeri

Okay fellas, that’s all I can share for now, and of course it will go up on our blog as soon as possible :)

For all we know, an English test or any other foreign language test is always a burden or ‘burden’ to us

But it’s not wrong to exist either,it’s somehow shows how far is your capability on the language & in developing as your 2nd language

But here’s a thought, out of the English blues,do you reckon Bahasa Indonesia will have it’s own Tes Bhs Indonesia Sbgai Bahasa Asing?

I hope today’s #toefl tips been useful for you fellas and see you tomorrow :) Keep updated on/subscribe our blog too! G’nite!

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on June 26, 2012

#EngClass and #EngQuiz: appositive

Fellas, ada yang sedang belajar TOEFL? malam ini akan membahas tentang “appositive” yang seringkali muncul di soal TOEFL.


Appositive: noun (kata benda) atau noun phrase (frase kata benda) atau noun clause (klausa kata benda) yang berfungsi memberi nama baru atau mengidentifikasi atau menjelaskan atau memberi informasi tambahan tentang noun atau pronoun (kata ganti) yang terletak tepat di sebelahnya.

Mari lihat contoh berikut:

“Andy, my brother, lives in Palu.”

Di kalimat ini, “my brother” = appositive yang menerangkan “Andy”. Struktur dalam kalimat contoh adalah sebagai berikut:

Andy (subject), my brother, (appositive) lives (verb) in Palu (adverb of place).”

non-restrictive appositive VS restrictive appositive

Ada dua jenis appositive: non-restrictive dan restrictive. Perbedaannya terdapat di jenis informasi yang terdapat di dalam appositive tersebut.

  1. Dalam non-restrictive appositive, informasi yang diberikan tidak penting dalam mengidentifikasi noun atau pronoun yang dijelaskan. Contoh non-restrictive appositive: “Andy, my brother, lives in Palu.” Tanda koma digunakan untuk membedakan appositive.
  2. Dalam restrictive appositive, informasi yang diberikan penting dalam mengidentifikasi noun atau pronoun yang dijelaskan. Contoh restrictive appositive: “My brother Andy lives in Palu.” Dalam appositive jenis ini tanda koma tidak digunakan.

menggantikan noun atau pronoun

Salah satu sifat appositive adalah ia bisa menggantikan noun atau pronoun yang dijelaskannya. e.g. “Andy” bisa digantikan dengan “my brother”.

terletak di awal, tengah, akhir kalimat

Appositive (non-restrictive) bisa terletak di awal, tengah, atau akhir kalimat.

  • Contoh appositive di awal kalimat: “A river that is 1,143 kilometers long, Kapuas is located in West Kalimantan.”
  • Contoh appositive di tengah kalimat: “Kapuas, the longest river in Indonesia, is located in West Kalimantan.”
  • Contoh appositive di akhir kalimat: “Kapuas is located in West Kalimantan, a province that’s famous for its equator capital city.”

  1. The capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta is populated by approximately 10 million people.
  2. My friend Dewi loves learning English so much.
  3. Dewa, a good old friend of mine, will leave for Biak first thing in the morning.
  4. The most difficult language to learn is Basque, a language spoken in parts of Spain and France.
  5. The lady monster Lady Gaga will come to town.
  6. When we were kids, we played in a tree house, a house that’s built on a tree.
  7. Mars, the fourth planet from the sun, is also called the “Red Planet”.
  8. The smallest continent in the world, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians.
  9. Kartini, a member of an aristocratic Javanese family, was a prominent Indonesian national heroine.
  10. One of the most expensive foods is Almas caviar, an extremely rare and expensive type of caviar.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on April 23, 2012

#TOEFL: Vocabulary exercise (2)


  1. Choose the right synonym of the word in the brackets.
  2. Type the number of the question as you answer.

Let’s go!

The criminal was asked to aid police in their (enquiry).
A) interview
B) investigation
C) questions
The use of penicillin is (diffuse).
A) limited
B) widely available
C) increasing
He (pored over) the questions until he couldn’t keep his eyes open anymore.
A) asked
B) examined
C) memorized
You will find the building at the main (intersection).
A) ending
B) crossing
C) roundabout
He found the smell of the lotus blossom (repugnant), and asked for a different flower.
A) enjoyable
B) disgusting
C) delightful
His boss (streamlined) company procedures.
A) increased
B) made easier
C) lost
Uncertainty about the economy is (widespread).
A) limited
B) everywhere
C) decreased
His comments can be rather (harsh) at times.
A) pleasant
B) extreme
C) precise
The issue (touched off) an argument between the two parties.
A) ended
B) began
C) complicated
You’d better get a few (winks) before tomorrow.
A) dollars
B) sleep
C) friends

Compiled and written by @ for@ on Saturday, July 8, 2011



#TOEFL: Vocabulary exercise

Guys, ayo belajar vocabulary untuk persiapan TOEFL. Berikut ini beberapa kalimat dengan kata-kata yang ada di dalam tanda kurung. Pilih jawaban yang merupakan sinonim dari kata-kata di dalam  tersebut. Let’s start!

1. A rich kid was (abducted) yesterday. 
2. What is the use of such a (barren) discussion. 
3. The major (catalyst) in the English-language explosion was war. 
4. The actress’ (debut) on the stage was a success. 
First public performance
Farewell party
5. The vivacious little girl is like an (elf)
6. So much of life is merely a (farce)
7. The fish in the dish was (garnished) with slices of lemon. 
8. She used to (harass) her husband by her continual demands for fine attire.
Annoy; plague
9. The armistice brought an (immense) relief to the people.
10. Don’t (joggle) me while I am writing.  
Shake slightly
11. The teacher gave the naughty boy a rap over the (knuckles)
Joints around fingers
12. His (latent) talent was discovered by accident. 
13. Do you believe that human nature is (malevolent)
14. Inwara stuttering is the worst form of (nemesis). 
Just punishment
15. The patient was (obsessed) by the fear of operation.  


Compiled and written by  for  on Monday, June 27, 2011

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