Category Archives: tenses

#EngGrammar: Tenses for IELTS Writing Task 1

Hi, fellas. Today we are still going to discuss IELTS Writing Task 1. However, this discussion will focus on the use of tenses.

1) Past Tenses

a. Past Simple Tense

This tense is used to report events or trends occurring in the past.

e.g. In 2008, British parents spent an average of around £20 per month on their children’s sporting activities.

b. Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense is used when we report what happened before a particular time in the past. It can also be used to mention an event or trend taking place earlier.

e.g. By 2000, 12.4% of the US population had reached the age of 65 or more.

2) Present Simple Tense

Present simple tense is used to describe a process.

e.g. The cycle of the honey bee begins when the female adult lays an egg; the female typically lays one or two eggs every 3 days. Between 9 and 10 days later, each egg hatches and the immature insect, or nymph, appears. 

3) Future Tense

a. Simple Future Tense

Simple future tense is used to describe events or trends which will occur in a particular time in the future.

e.g. The proportion of foreign students will reach a peak at 60% in 2020.

b. Future Perfect Tense

Future perfect tense is used to describe events or trends which will occur before a particular time in the future.

e.g. The number of cars will have increased significantly by 2024.

In formal writing, expressions other than will are used to predict the future, e.g. be likely to, be predicted to, be projected to, and be going to.

e.g.

The population is predicted to rise to 22 million in 2025.

By 2021, the population of Australia is projected to have reached 23.3 million.

Sources:

Ebrahim Tahasoni, Master IELTS Visuals (Academic Writing Task One): Course Materials & Supplements for Academic Candidates

Diana Hopkins and Pauline Cullen, Cambridge Grammar for IELTS with answers: Self-study grammar reference and practice

http://ielts-simon.com/ielts-help-and-english-pr/2016/09/ielts-writing-task-1-separate-line-graphs-answer.html

http://ielts-simon.com/ielts-help-and-english-pr/2013/01/ielts-writing-task-1-life-cycle-essay.html

Compiled and written by @fathrahman for @englishtipsforyou on Thursday, June 14, 2018

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#GrammarTrivia: Due to vs. Because of (REVISIT)

This topic might be one of the most frequently asked questions that we have ever received. What is the difference between ‘due to’ and ‘because of?’

@ridhoansyori: KINDLY. SOMEONE. EXPLAIN. PLS

Take a look at these two sentences
– Her headache was due to the noise coming from upstairs.
– She had a headache because of the noise coming from upstairs.

person people woman hand
Photo by Public Domain Pictures on Pexels.com

On sentence 1, there is the noun ‘her headache’ and the linking verb ‘was.’ To make sentence 1 a complete sentence, we need a complement. The phrase ‘due to the noise coming from upstairs’ is this complement.

“Her headache                  was                                        due to the noise coming from upstairs.”
Subject                               linking verb                         complement

 

On sentence 2, the subject is ‘she.’ The predicate is ‘had a headache.’

If we write it only as ‘she had a headache,’ the sentence will still be complete. We want to introduce the reason WHY she had a headache. So, we add ‘because of the noise coming from upstairs.’

Although sentence 1 & 2 are similar, sentence 1 was actually meant to say that there was a noise from upstairs and her headache came as a RESULT to this noise.

Meanwhile, sentence 2 explained that THE REASON she had a headache was that noise coming from upstairs.

 

Are you still unsure, fellas? Let’s take the following exercise.

a. My brother’s success is ______ his hard work.
b. My brother is a successful person ______ his hard work.
c. She failed ______ not studying.
d. Her failure was ______ not studying.

@dindaaark: a. Due to. b. Because of. c. Because of. d. Due to.
@notevennurul: A. Due to. B. Because of. C. Because of. D. Due to.
@cynthiatika: a, d : due to. b, c : because of.

 

Answers:
a & d: due to
‘My brother’s success’ came as a result of ‘his hard work.’
‘Her failure’ came as a result of ‘not studying.’

b & c: because of
‘His hard work’ is the reason why ‘my brother is a successful person.’
‘Not studying’ is the reason why ‘she failed.’

 

A couple of tips to decide when to use ‘due to’ and ‘because of’:

‘Due to’ is an adjectival phrase. It gives more detail to the noun. It identifies the result of an event. It always comes after linking verb ‘be’ (is, am, are, was, were, will be, etc.).

‘Because of’ is an adverbial phrase. It gives more detail to the verb. It identifies the reason why something happens. It always comes after subject + verb.

 

Q: @magnifician: Di kamus cambridge online, “due to” bisa menggantikan “because of”, min (contoh kedua)

due to

A: Benar. Namun, contoh kedua lebih tepat jika menggunakan ‘because of.’ Ini versi admin:
A lot of her unhappiness is due to boredom. She is unhappy because of boredom.
The bus’ delay was due to heavy snow. The bus was delayed because of heavy snow.

Q: @magnifician: Ini contoh lainnya…

due to 2

A: Seperti penjelasan admin sebelumnya, ‘due to’ memberi keterangan pada subjek, sehingga jika sudah menggunakan ‘due to,’ frasa yang mengandung verba bisa tidak dicantumkan.
The game’s cancellation was due to adverse weather conditions.
Her five days of work was due to illness.
The captain’s withdrawal from the match was due to injury.
Kalimat 2 & 3 sudah tepat menggunakan ‘due to.’

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, 13 June, 2018.


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#EngClass: Conditional Sentences (REVISIT)

man riding bicycle on city street
Photo by Snapwire on Pexels.com

Conditional sentences are sentences that express factual implications OR hypothetical situations and the consequences. Conditional sentences consist of ‘if clause’ and ‘result clause.’

Example:
“If I have more money, I’ll buy a car.”

“If I have more money” = if clause.
“I’ll buy a car” = result clause.

There are 4 types of conditional sentences, each with its own function.

Zero Conditional Sentences
Zero conditional sentences are used to describe general truth. It goes by the form:

If clause (simple present), result clause (simple present)

E.g.:
“If we heat ice, it melts.”
(It’s a common knowledge that when ice is heated, it melts).

 

First Conditional Sentences
First conditional sentences are used to describe something that actually happens in present time or will actually happen in future time. It goes by the form:

If clause (simple present), result clause (will/can + V1).

E.g.:
“If I have more money, I’ll buy a car.”
(In a certain time in the future, the speaker will buy a car given he has more money).

 

Second Conditional Sentences
Second conditional sentence are used to describe something in the present time that is impossible to happen. It goes by the form:

If clause (simple past), result clause (would/could + V1).

E.g.:
“If I had more money, I’d buy a car.”
(The speaker does not have money in the present time, so it is not possible for him to buy a car).

 

Third Conditional Sentences
Third conditional sentences are used to describe something that didn’t happen in the past as well as imagining what the result will be if the event actually happened. It goes by the form:

If clause (past perfect), result clause (would/could have + V3).

E.g.:
“If I had woken up early, I wouldn’t have been late.”
(The speaker was late and so he wishes he woke up early).

 

Q: sorry interupting, but why do the clause is not ‘heats’ instead? Thankyou. i’m still not get it :p (@kaonashily).
A: Because the subject of the first clause is ‘we’ (@arah_hadi).

Q: Is it okay to add ‘only’ in third conditional sentences? E.g. If only I had woken up early, I wouldn’t have been late (@delinaPRF).
A: Good point. We could add ‘only,’ but the meaning of the sentence will be slightly different. ‘If only’ is usually used to express a wish for things to happen in a certain way or a regret that things did not happen as expected.

Q: Apakah bisa “if” nya dihilangkan min? misal : Had I woken up early (@roislavista).
A: Bisa. Bentuk  kalimat di mana verb mendahului subject disebut ‘inversion.’ Umumnya, bentuk ‘had I’ dianggap lebih formal dibandingkan dengan ‘If I had.’

Q: if only you practice, you can form good habits (@timliu2491300).
A: Small correction: always use past form with ‘if only.’
“If only you practiced, you could form good habits.”

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 4 June, 2018.


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#EngQuiz: The Determiners (the, a, an)

Gary Oldman Oscar.jpg
Gary Oldman won an Oscar in the 2018’s ceremony (Pic from mirror.co.uk)

 

Using a determiner the, a, and an can sometimes be tricky. So, let’s have another practice to brush it up. The rules are easy: fill the blanks with the correct determiner.

TIPS: Before you start answering, read this article on determiners: https://englishtips4u.com/2011/08/21/engtips-the-determiners-the-a-an/

  1. Here is _____ useful article about gardening that I found ______ few days ago.
  2. Have you heard? It snowed in _____ Sahara.
  3. He bought me _____ ‘Orange Is the New Black’ DVD box set as _____ birthday gift.
  4. When do you plan to return _____ book to me?
  5. I think I’m going to wear _____ white shirt for _____ interview tomorrow.
  6. After performing for almost 40 years, Gary Oldman finally received _____ Oscar in 2018.
  7. Which one do you think I should take, _____ TOEFL or _____ IELTS?
  8. It’s such _____ honor to perform for _____ Queen.

 

Answers:
1.a, a
Explanation: ‘Useful’ makes a yoo sound, which sounds like there is a consonant ‘y,’ therefore it is ‘a useful article.’ ‘a few days’ is clear enough.

2.the
Explanation: The Sahara is a specific area, only one in the world.

3.an, a
Explanation: ‘Orange Is the New Black’ begins with a vowel, therefore the determiner is ‘an.’ ‘a birthday gift’ is clear enough.

4.the
Explanation: People in the conversation have already known which book the speaker is referring to, so ‘the’ is the correct article.

5.a, the
Explanation: ‘a white shirt’ is the correct form as the shirt was not specified enough. ‘the interview’ is the correct form because it is already specified that it will happen ‘tomorrow.’

6.an
Explanation: ‘Oscar’ begins with a vowel.

7.a, an
Explanation: Both noun refer to general TOEFL/IELTS, but it is also acceptable not to put any articles, since TOEFL & IELTS are already established names.

8.an, the
Explanation: Although ‘honor’ starts with a consonant, the ‘h’ is mute or unread. Therefore, we put ‘an’ as the determiner. For the second part, a nation normally has only one queen, so ‘the Queen’ is the correct form.

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 26 March, 2018.


 

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#EngQuiz: Spot The Mistakes (3)

Hiyya, fellas! It’s time for today’s session. How good are you at finding mistakes? Well, I’ve prepared 10 sentences. Point out what’s wrong with them and fix them. Ready? Get set! Go…

Q1. Can’t you see? There’s a huge different between the one on the right and the one on the left.

@naadyannisa: Different >> difference

@latifahHM: because the word must be a noun (difference), not an adjective (different)

 

Q2. I must have gained weight. This jeans is not enough big for me.

@hadyanq: “Big enough”, because enough is an adverb so it has to be placed after adjective

@vectoreza: not big enough. Adjective first.

Check this out: #ENGCLASS: DEGREE WORDS

 

Q3. Can you point out where is the mistake?

@Laurafadilah: I think ‘is’ should be put in the end of the sentence.. not sure thou.

@latifahHM: where the mistake is, coz it’s a subordinate clause which must be a statement, not question.

@OwLuck: can you point out where the mistake is, cause I think double question

Check this out: #ENGTRIVIA: EMBEDDED QUESTIONS

 

Q4. That ring is expensive as an Alphard.

@latifahHM: *Expensive as, it’s positive degree so that it must be ‘as+adjective+as’, That ring is as expensive as…

 

Q5. You need to take out those wet clothes and have a hot bath.

Answer: To take something out berarti mengeluarkan sesuatu. Before you take a bath, you need to take off your clothes. To take something off berarti melepas sesuatu. So it should be “take off those wet clothes”

For more phrasal verbs with the word “take”, check this out:  #ENGVOCAB: PHRASAL VERBS WITH “TAKE”

Also check this one out: #ENGTRIVIA: SENTENCE, CLAUSE, PHRASE, PHRASAL VERB, IDIOM, PROVERB, QUOTE & SLANG

 

Q6. The pilot drove the plane over the ocean.

The answer to Q6 is quite simple really, fellas. Who would drive a plane? The answer is: The pilot flew the plane.

 

Q7. I found out a hundred thousand in your jeans.

@latifahHM: *found out, find out means get information about something, *I found a hundred thousand in your jeans.

 

Q8. We have already make our decision. You’re fired!

@alwyhr: made. the sentence is using simple perfect tense so it should use verb 3

Check this out: #ENGCLASS: PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (POSITIVE)

 

Q9. In the other hand, maybe we should move to Bali.

@izky_paramitha: In the other hand is simply saying that you are holding something in the “other” hand so the correct one is on the other hand.

 

Q10. This has got to be the most comfortablest hotel I have ever stayed in.

@ritaaprilli: the most comfortable is superlative degree. Why use ‘the most’? Bcos comfortable has 4 syllable. ‘com-for-ta-ble’ no need est

 

Phew! There goes all 10 questions and their answers for today’s #EngQuiz, fellas. How was that for a quick exercise? :D

That’s a wrap for today fellas! Get some sleep and remember to use your voting right in the legislative election tomorrow. :D

 

 

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on April 8, 2014

#EngQuiz: Spot The Mistakes (2)

How are you doing, fellas? It’s been a while since our last #EngQuiz, right? Shall we do a simple one?

You see, fellas. People make mistakes all the time. Who doesn’t? Well, I know I sometimes do. (read: bukan kadang-kadang lagi)

When you do find mistakes, it’s best to help others by explaining and suggesting a correction. Jangan cuma nunjuk doang. So, here are 10 lines which contain mistakes. Spot the mistake, explain why you think it’s a mistake & suggest a correction. Try to explain in your own words, B.Indo or English. Also, feel free to point us to your reference.

Let’s start!

1. Some people likes to laze around.
2. The second attempt was more better.
3. All the pub near here are closed.
4. Billy is the most strongest guy I know.
5. This road is more longer than the other road.
6. No-one like a loser.
7. Come up and see me some time.
8. We all decision to go for a picnic.
9. Usually, I took the train to work, but sometimes I walk.
10. Sharon put too much cheeses in the omelette.

Answers & explanations:

Q1. Some people likes to laze around.

@citapr: it’s not some people likes, but some people like. It’s because people is plural not singular

@Kaykayy929: ommit the (s) in LIKES since ‘People’ is plural. ‘Verb 1 + s’ is only for singular subject. some people LIKE to laze around.

@clara_gita: subject in the sentence is plural (some people) so it must be ‘like’ not ‘likes’

Answer: The mistake in the sentence is the word ‘likes’. It should be ‘like’.
Penjelasan: Dalam kalimat Simple Present Tense, gak perlu nambahin “s/es” di akhir kata kerja dengan subject yg menujuk pada aku, kamu, kita & mereka.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Simple Present Tense (Positive)

@_idrix: “laze” “kata sifat” “some people likes to lazy around” am I right?hehehe
@EnglishTips4U: ‘Laze’ sebenarnya k.kerja. It means to be lazy, bermalas-malasan. Wanna give it another try?

laze (lz):
v. lazed, laz·ing, laz·es
v.intr.
To be lazy; loaf: laze around the house.
v.tr.
To spend (time) loafing: lazed the afternoon away in a hammock.
Source: thefreedictionary.com

Q2. The second attempt was more better.

@Ernieee1203: for comparison adj. for good is good, better, best. there’s no such thing as MORE better.

@alyamaudina: no need ‘more’ before the better. Because better is comparative of ‘good’. The second attempt was better.

@sevincepin: we should omit more because better is comparative of good. “The second attempt was better”

Answer: ‘More better’ is the mistake. It should just be ‘better’, without ‘more’.
Penjelasan: Saat membandingkan dua hal, kita gunakan comparative adjective. Caranya? Adj+er untuk kata sifat dgn 1 sukukata atau more + adj u/ sebagian besar kata sifat dgn 2 sukukata.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Degrees Of Comparison

@jejepujianto: better is comparative for good, because good only consist of one syllable we don’t need the “more”
@EnglishTips4U: And it’s not only 1 syllable,  but the change is also irregular.  :)

Q3. All the pub near here are closed.

@iranranz: word “all” in front of noun explains that it’s plural, pub must be pubs.

@OwLuck: the pubs ? Cause to be is are and it relates to Plural Subject and it strengthened with All at first.

@astriinila: all the pub. “All the”and “are” determine plural, while “pub” without “s” is singular. Add “s”

Answer: ‘All the’ should be followed by a plural noun. Thus ‘pub’ should be in plural form, i.e.: ‘pubs’.
Penjelasan: Gak seperti b. Indo yang ngulang kata benda u/ nunjukin jamak, kita tambah “s/es” pada sebagian kata benda dalam Bahasa Inggris.
Selain itu, ada juga sebagian kata benda dgn perubahan bentuk yang tidak beraturan (irregular).
Untuk penjelasan lebih lanjut: #EngQuiz: Irregular Plural

Q4. Billy is the most strongest guy I know.

@_acherka: ‘strongest’ is superlative, therefore, no need to put ‘most’.

@jerkstein: “Billy is the strongest guy I know.” ‘Most strongest’ is redundant, thus ‘most’ should be omitted. (also) bcs the correct superlative form for strong would be ‘strongest’.

@Catherina_SP: That should be “THE STRONGEST”..cz STRONG has one syllable and for its superlative we need to put EST only. Without MOST.

Answer: There is a redundant word, i.e.: most.
Penjelasan: Untuk menunjukkan sifat “Paling…” (Superlative adjective), kita tambahkan imbuhan “-est” ATAU awalan kata “the most”, salah satu. Kapan kita pakai “-est” atau “the most”? Adj+est untuk kata sifat dgn 1 sukukata atau the most+adj u/ sebagian besar kata sifat dgn 2 sukukata.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Degrees Of Comparison

Q5. This road is more longer than the other road.

@_idrix: “this road is longer than the other road” tdk btuh “more” krn “longer” udah mnjelaskan lbh pnjang

@NH_Lie: We don’t need the word “more” because “longer” itself is a comparative word. :D

@nadfebrw: not use more, because longer sudah menjelaskan itu lebih panjang?

Answer: There is one word which shouldn’t be there, i.e: more.
Penjelasan: Untuk menunjukkan sifat “lebih…” (Comparative adjective), kita tambahkan imbuhan “-er” ATAU awalan kata “more”, salah satu.  Kapan kita pakai “-er” atau “more”? Adj+er u/ kata sifat dgn 1 sukukata atau more+adj u/ sebagian besar kata sifat dgn 2 sukukata.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Degrees Of Comparison

Q6. No-one like a loser.

@SaarahFzh: no one like’s’? Because no-one is a single subject, isn’t it?

@umirobiatus: the verb ‘like’ should be ‘likes’ because ‘no-one’ is singular

@Catherina_SP: No one likeS… Put S on Like. Cz Like there works as verb..and no one is the subject I guess. So the verb should use S..

Answer: The mistake in the sentence is the word ‘like’. It should be ‘likes’.
Penjelasan: Indefinite pronouns spt:  anyone, everyone, someone, no one, nobody selalu dianggap kata ganti tunggal. Maka, kata kerja dalam kalimat Simple Present Tense perlu ditambahkan “s/es”.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Simple Present Tense (Positive)

@_idrix: “nobody like a loser” no-one ganti dengan “nobody”
@EnglishTips4U: No one & nobody artinya sama :)

@OwLuck: should be is like ? Cause like at this sentence relates to adjective not verb, so we should put the to be ‘is’. I guess.
@EnglishTips4U: Actually ‘like’ is the verb in that sentence, which means ‘menyukai’. If you insert an ‘is’ before ‘like’, it would then change the meaning of the sentence. It would then mean ‘seperti’.

Q7. Come up and see me some time.

@alyamaudina: no space between some and time. Because they have different meaning. “Come up and see me sometime”.

Answer: The correct adverb should be ‘sometime’.
Penjelasan: ‘Sometime’ & ‘some time’ memiliki arti yang sangat berbeda. Padahal cuma beda 1 spasi ya :)

  • Sometime: kapan-kapan, suatu waktu, kapan saja.
    • Contoh: If you wish to talk about it sometime, just give me a call.
  • Some time: sejumlah waktu, beberapa waktu.
    • Contoh: Please give me some time.

Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Sometime, Sometimes And Some Time

Q8. We all decision to go for a picnic.

@putrigytr: decision is a noun, use decided / decide (verb) instead.

@keziajssc: It should be ‘decide’ not ‘decision’. Decide: memutuskan, decision: keputusan.

@Dee_Viina: decision is a noun. That’s the mistake. We should put a verb there. ‘Decide’ – We all decide to go for a picnic.

@48718rainbow: krn decision adalah noun, seharusnya yg dimasukin verb nya, decide. tp krn sudah diputuskan,jd decided. We (have) decided

Answer: The mistake is the word ‘decision’. It should be in verb form, i.e.: ‘decided’.
Penjelasan: ‘Decision’ berarti: keputusan, kata benda. ‘Decide’ berarti: memutuskan, kata kerja.

Q9. Usually, I took the train to work, but sometimes I walk.

@dewioctarisma: took, because the sentence is in present tense so the mistake is word ‘took’ is it correct??

@keziajssc: There’s “usually” there, which means it’s a present tense. So it should be ‘take’ not ‘took’. Bcs took is V2

@Twinkletata: you should replace ‘took’ with ‘take’, cause ‘usually’ implies a habitual action. Habitual action = present tense.

Answer: The first verb is in the wrong tense. ‘Took’ should be ‘take’.
Penjelasan: Kata keterangan waktu ‘usually’ menunjukkan bhw kalimat yg dimaksud berupa kalimat Simple Present Tense, dan perlu kata kerja dalam bentuk present form. The present form of ‘took’ is ‘take’.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Simple Present Tense (Positive)

Q10. Sharon put too much cheeses in the omelette.

@48718rainbow: it should be just ‘cheese’. it can be singular or plural. i think we choose cheeses only if we refer to different kind of cheeses?…. or not? xD

@yuandayol: it should be “puts” not “put” because Sharon is one person/ singular. So the verb must be use “s”.

@dedyompu: the mistakes are ‘put’ and ‘cheeses’ they should be ‘puts’ and ‘cheese’. Sharon puts too much cheese in the omelette.

@sheshye: wrong=’cheeses’ which should be ‘cheese’ bcz cheese is uncountable, so it doesnt need to put ‘es’ for showing plural.

@LasmaMikha: First, it should be “puts” because Sharon is the 3rd person, so we must put s/es. 2nd, “Cheese” because it’s uncountable.

Answer: The mistake is the word ‘put’ & ‘cheeses’. Cheese is uncountable and should not be plural.
Penjelasan: Kata benda terbagi dalam 2, kata benda yg bisa dihitung (countable) & kata benda yg tidak bisa dihitung (uncountable). Uncountable noun seperti cheese, water, air, dll, tidak punya bentuk jamak.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Countable VS Uncountable Noun

Also, karena subject kalimat adalah Sharon yang biasa diganti dengan pronoun ‘she’, kata kerja yag ngikut perlu ditambah “s/es”.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Simple Present Tense (Positive)

@48718rainbow: tapi saya rasa put ga salah deh dari kalimat itu. Karena tdk ada ket waktu, jadi kita bs mengasumsikan itu sbg past tense

There goes all the questions and their respective answers & explanation for today’s #EngQuiz, fellas. :)

Make as many mistakes as you can afford and learn from them. Just don’t repeat the same mistakes over and over again!

Making mistakes isn’t a shameful thing, for you wouldn’t know any better otherwise. That’s a wrap for today’s session! See you tomorrow XOXO

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on November 26, 2013

#EngQuiz: answer these questions (tenses exercise)

Ahem. What are you doing, fellas? How was your fasting and iftar today? Or how was your Monday in general so far? :)

Anyway, did you know that you can test your grammar and mastery of tenses by looking at how you answer a question in complete sentence? :)

Don’t believe me? Let’s see from the questions I asked earlier:

  1. Q1. What are you doing, fellas?
  2. Q2. How was your Monday in general so far?

Here’s how you should answer those 2 questions in complete sentence:

@miratssss: (Q1) I’m studying. (Q2) Today wasn’t bad.”

See?

Q1 is in Present Continuous/ Progressive Tense, and Q2 is in Past Simple Tense. And that is why the answers should be in the same tenses. :)

While you’re doing what you’re doing, let’s do this simple #EngQuiz. What you have to do is answer the questions using complete sentence. :)

QUESTIONS

  1. What have you done so far today?
  2. Where are you now?
  3. What will you be doing tomorrow afternoon?
  4. How do you usually go to school or work?
  5. Who did you meet yesterday?
  6. When are you going to go back to your hometown for ‘pulang kampung’?
  7. What will you do if you have 10 million dollars?
  8. What skill have you been working on up to today?
  9. What were your neighbors doing when you had your dinner tonight?
  10. What had you done before we started this #EngQuiz?
  11. What will you have done by 11.00 tonight?
  12. Andy looked so tired when I saw him this morning. What do you think Andy had been doing?
  13. Tell me one activity that you will have been doing for five years by the end of this year?

ANSWERS

  1. @KeyrenSharon: I have done lots of work. So tireddddddd
  2. @PatriciaTriz: I am at my friend’s house.”
  3. @DekResty: I will be having statistics class tomorrow afternoon.
  4. @dhanie2403: I usually go to school by public transport.
  5. @mochibrahim: I met my close friends yesterday.”
  6. @tionovita: I am going to go back to my hometown for pulang kampung in December.” <– Future Simple with ‘be going to + V1’
  7. @Fxxxx13: I will travel the world.”
  8. @falsfalsss: I have been working on my English skills.”
  9. @dalewas: They were doing nothing suspicious, I suppose.”
  10. @ollapuspaa: I had just finished tarawih.”
  11. @riska_chan: I will have finished washing the dishes by 11 tonight.”
  12. @mochibrahim: I am pretty sure that Andy had been chasing some burglars.”
  13. @meriiina: I will have been learning Spanish for five years by the end of this year.”

Great job, everyone! If you ever need to learn about tenses again, go to this link @EnglishTips4U Search Results: tense or search the net. :)

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on July 15, 2013

#EngTalk: Would / Do you mind… ?

Did you follow last week’s session on “Asking for help“? Today, we’ll talk a little bit more about ways to ask “Would/do you mind…?”

Here a quick recap:
We can ask for help by asking “Would/Do you mind (v-ing)…?”
E.g.: Do you mind lowering your voice?
Arti: Bisa tolong kecilkan suaramu sedikit? *lagi nonton film seru tapi tetangga berisik abies*
Note that when asking for help, “Would/Do you mind” is followed by a gerund (V-ing). What is “Gerund”? » Click HERE

#EngTips
Some might ask, why is it not followed by infinitive (to+verb)? While some verbs can be followed by infinitive and gerund, “mind” can only be followed by gerund.
Check out this LINK to know which verbs are followed by infinitive and/or gerund.

We could also use “Do/Would you mind” when we wish to ask for permission (izin) or approval (persetujuan).
To ask for permission or approval, we say: “Do/Would you mind (if clause)…?”
E.g.: Do you mind if I open the window?
Arti: Apa kamu (akan) keberatan kalau aku buka jendelanya? *di dalam gerah, di luar berisik*

If-clause simply means a clause which starts with “If” and contains at least 1 subject & 1 verb.
To know more about “If clause”, browse the following LINK.

Note:
“Do you mind” is followed by if-clause with simple present verb (v1)and…
“Would you mind” is followed by if-clause with simple past verb (v2).

Now, compare these two sentences:
(A) Would you mind giving me a ride home?
(B) Would you mind if he gave me a ride home?

As we’ve discussed above, (A) “Would you mind + Gerund” means you’re asking for help.

Contoh (A): Would you mind giving me a ride home?
Arti (A): Bisa tolong antar aku pulang? *halah bilang aja mau PDKT*

Meanwhile, (B) “Would you mind + If clause” means you’re asking for permission or approval.

Contoh (B): Would you mind if he gave me a ride home?
Arti (B): Apa kamu keberatan kalau dia mengantar aku pulang? *ijin dulu sebelom PDKT*

Now… How would you respond when someone say “Do you mind…” or “Would you mind…”?

Secara harafiah, “Do you mind…” dan “Would you mind…” berarti: Apa kamu keberatan… ? Selain akal, “mind” juga berarti keberatan (k.kerja).

Bayangkan kalau kamu ditanyai “Apa kamu keberatan…?”. Klo dijawab “Ya”, berarti kamu keberatan, bukan? Therefore, if someone ask you “Do you mind…” or “Would you mind…”, you can agree to help or give permission/approval by saying: “No, not at all” or “No, not a bit” or “No problem.

I hope you now know how to ask with “Do/Would you mind…” and how to respond when someone ask you that way :D

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on May 18, 2013

#EngClass #EngQuiz: Simple Present Tense

Do you remember our lessons about Simple Present Tense? Let me refresh your memory: Simple Present Tense (Positive) and Simple Present Tense (Negative and Interrogative).

Simple Present Tense is used to express: habit/routine, general truth/fact, ability, personality, news quote, schedule, narration, etc.

There are 2 forms of Simple Present Tense:

  1. The one that uses “base form” of verb.
  2. The one that uses verb “be”.

What is “base form” of verb? It’s basically what we usually call as “Verb 1”. Examples can be found in 2 links I have given you.

Meanwhile I bet you are already familiar with verb “be”. In Simple Present Tense, they are “am”, “is”, and “are”.

Look at the examples:

  1. Simple Present Tense (SPT) with base form: “I like studying.”
  2. SPT with verb be: “I am a student.”

In previous examples, the base form of verb in sentence 1) is = “like”. Meanwhile the verb be in sentence 2) is = “am”.

Can you see the difference, fellas? Between the sentence 1) and sentence 2)? Why do they have to be different? Here’s the reason…

  1. In sentence 1) it is clear that the Subject is “I” and the Verb is “like”. Remember, a clause has to have: [S + V].
  2. Meanwhile in sentence 2), if we omit the “be”, the sentence will be “I a student.” It is NOT a clause, because it has NO verb.

This is when we use “be” that functions as the “Verb” of the sentence “I am a student.” Thus, Subject = “I”; Verb = “am”.

The form [S + verb be] is usually followed by: noun, adjective, adverb (of place/time). Example: I am a student. (a student= noun)

Other examples:

  1. She is hungry. (hungry= adjective)
  2. We are at home. (at home= adverb of place)
  3. It is 4 PM. (4 PM= adverb of time)

NOTE: in a sentence using Simple Present Tense, the “base form” of verb is NOT used in the same clause as the verb “be”.

Look at these examples: “I’m work in a bank.” or “I’m work an engineer.” These 2 sentences are WRONG. Can you correct them?

Answer by @Rajesky: “I work in a bank.” “I’m an engineer.”

Admin: Correct! (with some revisions from me on capitalization and punctuation)

Still confused and want to see more examples? I’ve found this useful page you can bookmark and read: Present Simple Tense.

Now let’s end this session with an #EngQuiz on Simple Present Tense. How to join: each sentence contains mistake(s). Please correct them!

  1. I’m study English every night.
  2. He don’t have any money.
  3. It is happen all the time.
  4. What is this woman want?
  5. It’s mean so much to me.
  6. Doesn’t it right?
  7. She speak good English.
  8. I’m live in the city.
  9. The book’s cost Rp 50,000.
  10. I wants cheeseburger, please.

ANSWER KEY:

  1. @FakeSHITake: 1) I study English every night.
  2. @JessiaKhalis: He doesn’t have any money.
  3. @alfiiiii_: 3) It happens all the time.
  4. @shalalaaaa: What does this woman want?
  5. @dilafd: It means so much to me.
  6. @anitrii: Isn’t it right?
  7. @asmiainayah: 7) She speaks good English.
  8. @hilgaclara: I live in the city.
  9. @afif_alhad: (9) The book costs Rp. 50,000.
  10. @anggaprasada: 10) I want cheeseburger, please.

Alright, that’s a wrap, fellas! Sorry couldn’t RT all your answers. If you’re still making mistakes, please: READ MORE + PRACTICE MORE. :)

Compiled by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on September 24, 2012

#EngQuiz: Change The Subject

Hi fellas! Are you ready for today’s session? We’ll do an extremely simple exercise today. I call it Changing Subject.

Here are 3 tips to complete today’s #EngQuiz:
1. There are 20 numbers,
2. Change ALL subjects to “She”,
3. Adjust the sentences to their new subject.

1. I am busy.

2. I am learning English.

3. I have a new book.

4. I live in the country.

5. I shall see you tomorrow.

6. I can understand you.

7. I must write a letter.

8. I may come next week.

9. I do a lot of work every day.

10. I did a lot of work yesterday.

11. I played football yesterday.

12. I bought a new coat last week.

13. I have had a letter from Toyib.

14. I was busy this morning.

15. I could play football very well when I was younger.

16. I always try to get up early.

17. I might see you next week.

18. I always enjoy a good film.

19. I had finished my work before you came.

20. I watch television every night.

ANSWER:

1. She is busy.
2. She is learning English.
3. She has a new book.
4. She lives in the country.
5. She will see you tomorrow.
6. She can understand you.
7. She must write a letter.
8. She may come next week.
9. She does a lot of work every day.
10. She did a lot of work yesterday.
11. She played football yesterday.
12. She bought a new coat last week.
13. She has had a letter from Toyib.
14. She was busy this morning.
15. She could play football very well when she was younger.
16. I always try to get up early.
17. I might see you next week.
18. I always enjoy a good film.
19. I had finished my work before you came.
20. I watch television every night.

Thank you all for your participation, fellas! Did you get all the answers right? Don’t worry if you made any mistake. From mistakes, we get to learn & improve :D

The #EngQuiz questions might look simple but the 20 questions tested your basic understanding of the tenses.

If you answered number 1, 3, 4, 9, 16, 18 & 20 correctly, you’ve understood how to form Simple Present Tense sentences.

Check out this link for our previous discussion on Simple Present Tense: http://t.co/BluFuxAE This tense is usually the first one you learn in any English tuition or courses. It is used when we wish to talk about habits, general truth, habits & routines.

If you answered #EngQuiz no. 2 correctly, you get how to form a Present Progressive sentence. Here’s a link on it: http://t.co/l2uX69pf

Present Progressive Tense is used when we’re talking about an activity in progress right now. For example: I am typing this tweet.

If you’re still confused about the difference between Simple Present Tense and Present Progressive Tense, have a look at these links: Simple Present http://t.co/BluFuxAE & Present Progressive http://t.co/l2uX69pf The latter talks about activities in progress, sedang berlangsung & berproses, right now.

Did you manage to answer #EngQuiz no. 5 correctly? The sentence was in Simple Future Tense [ http://t.co/rhDf1OC6 ] which is to describe an activity that is going to happen in the future. Do note that unlike ‘will’, ‘shall’ can only be used for two subjects: I and We.

Did you get #EngQuiz no. 6, 7, 8 & 17 right? You’ve aced the use of modal auxiliaries! Read this http://t.co/x8z1NFKN for the complete list.

#EngQuiz no. 10, 11, 12, 14 are on Simple Past Tense. http://t.co/H2DEXN1j « Have a look at the link if you missed our discussion on it.

Hands up if you answered #EngQuiz no. 13, correctly! *hands up* The sentence is in Present Perfect Tense » http://t.co/LevPHtBi

Present Perfect Tense is used when you “meant” to say that ‘sebuah kegiatan SUDAH terjadi’. Check out the link for further explanation.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on September 11, 2012

#EngClass: Conditional Clause Summary

Howdy fellas! Did you follow our other articles on Conditional sentences? Have a look at these 3 links. You’ll need them to understand this article.

Link 1: #EngClass: Conditional 1
Link 2: #EngClass: Conditional 2
Link 3: #EngClass: Conditional 3

Now fellas! We’ve discussed all 3 conditionals. Hayo! Siapa yang masih bingung kapan kita pake conditional yang mana? Fear not fellas! @EnglishTips4u comes to the rescue. This time, admin will summarize all 3 conditionals. Hang on tight!

OOT & curcol dikit. Waktu admin pertama belajar conditional, kepala puyeng bukan main. Diagram ini yang bantu admin ngerti.

Conditional

Conditional ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Conditional 1 (Future – possible)

Conditional 1 pernah kita bahas di sini: #EngClass: Conditional 1
Coba perhatikan diagram berikut.

Conditional 1

Conditional 1 menyatakan:

“Andai (sekarang) aku… Aku akan…”

Ada yang sudah buka link di atas? Bagaimana cara membuat kalimat conditional 1?

“main clause in Future Tense –> if clause in present tense” – @fitridiot

“kalimat conditional 1 : if + present tense + future tense bukan?” – @nani_a2

Dari diagram, pernyataan & rumus kalimat, jelas sekali kita pakai Conditional Clause Type 1 saat kita berandai/menyatakan:

Kalau sekarang begini, nanti akan jadi begitu.

Coba ubah kalimat berikut ke Bahasa Inggris:

“Kalau (sekarang) aku beli ini, aku gak akan punya cukup uang untuk nonton film di bioskop.‪”
Answer:

“If I buy this, I won’t have enough money to watch a movie at cinema.” – @VFaradhika

Remember fellas!

Conditional 1: Main clause in Future Tense + IF clause in Present Tense. It’s all here.

Moving on!

Conditional 2 (Present – unreal)

Conditional 2 pernah kita bahas di sini: #EngClass: Conditional 2
Coba perhatikan diagram berikut.

Conditional 2

Conditional 2 menyatakan:

Andai (sebelumnya) aku… Sekarang ini, aku seharusnya/bisa saja/mungkin akan/mungkin bisa…”

Ada yang sudah buka link di atas? Bagaimana cara membuat kalimat conditional 2?

“Conditional 2 : if + past tense, past future tense. right min?” – @nani_a2

“main clause w/ Would should might could+V1, if+V2 (past tense)” – @fitridiot

Fellas contributions:

“If I were you, I would study hard.” – @cipputt
“If I were in UK, I would go to Old Trafford.” – @endahism
“I would tell the truth about the condition if he gave me back my silly cat.” – @ontinuruljannah
“If I had enough money, I would buy that new shirt.” – @IndraKrwan
“If I were you, I would buy car.” – @deansari

Wanna know more about Conditional Type 2? Click this.

Next!

Conditional 3 (Past – unreal)

Conditional 3 pernah kita bahas di sini: #EngClass: Conditional 3
Coba perhatikan diagram berikut.

Conditional 3

Conditional 3 menyatakan:

Andai (dulu) aku… Sebelum ini, aku pasti sudah/ bisa saja/ seharusnya sudah/ mungkin sudah…

Ada yang sudah buka link #EngClass: Conditional 3? Bagaimana cara membuat kalimat conditional 3?

Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + have + V3 + IF clause in Past Perfect Tense

Fellas contributions:

“If I had followed your TL earlier, I might have answered your question sooner.” – @dian_r_h
“I would have been angry to him if he had delivered my secret letter.” – @ryanmike13
“If you had come to the party last night, you would’ve met my boy.” – @sofyanlich
“If I had trained more, I might have been able to make it to the team.” – @masyoza
“If I had known you from the start, I might have accepted you to be my boyfriend.” – @ZarahChance
“If I had been a celebrity, I would have done a tour in Europe.” – @ZarahChance
“If I had learned the truth, I might have accepted that you’ve gone for long time.” – @hannathrs
“If I had followed @EnglishTips4U earlier, my english would have been better.” – @apriyannto
“If I had been ugly, I would have committed suicide.” – @Arnaka13

Have a look at this link for discussion and exercise on Conditional Clause 3.

Extra

There was also one question from a fella

“subject if clause dan subject main clause have to be the same atau engga min? :D” – @anafrich

Answer:

Not necessarily the same :) but do mind the tense of each clause :D
That’s a wrap fellas! I hope the article & diagrams help you understand the conditional clauses better.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 15, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngTips: Writing (1)

Topik #EngTips berikut ini diambil dari buku GCSE English Grammar oleh CGP, tapi sebenarnya tips-tips ini bisa diaplikasikan siapa saja. Saat menulis dalam bahasa Inggris, banyak hal yang harus diperhatikan, berikut beberapa yang admin bisa bagikan:

1. Perhatikan waktu

Sebaiknya Fellas mengetahui terlebih dahulu ‘waktu’ tulisan itu, sudah, sedang, atau akan terjadi. Mengapa? Karena di dalam bahasa Inggris ada tiga macam penulisan yang didasari oleh perbedaan waktu, yaitu

  • past tense (sudah terjadi),
  • present tense (sedang terjadi), dan
  • future tense (akan erjadi).

Selain itu, pelajari baik-baik setiap tenses yang ada (bisa dilihat di blog kami) sebab walaupun kita telah mengetahuinya dengan baik, terkadang masih terdapat kesalahan dalam penggunaannya. Kunci dari masing-masing tense tersebut dapat dilihat dari kata kerja (verb) yang Fellas gunakan

Contoh:

  • “”As they tried to get the sail up, they could hear distant splashes. Suddenly, they see a canoe.”

Dari kalimat di atas, “tried” dan “could” merupakan past verbs, sedangkan “see” merupakan present verbs. Jadi, “see” tidak bisa digunakan karena cerita ini sudah terjadi. Maka, jika memulai suatu kalimat dengan past tense, tetaplah menggunakan past tense dan verb. Jadi kalimat ini seharusnya:

  • “As they tried to get the sail up, they could hear distant splashes. Suddenly they saw a canoe.”

Note: SAW merupakan bentuk past dari SEE.

Contoh lain:

  • “Even though Piggy is annoying, Ralph ralised he is often right”

Lagi, disini terdapat kesalahan. “is” adalah present verb, sedangkan “realised” adalah past verb. Berhubungan kejadiannya terjadi saat ini, maka “realised” seharusnya diubah menjadi “realises.” Jadi, kalimat ini seharusnya:

  • “Even though Piggy is annoying, Ralph realises he is often right”

Note: “Realise” is British English while “realize” is American English. The book was made in Britain, so it used British English :)

So, stick to the same tense! Kedengaran gampang namun sebenarnya ya susah juga, maka jangan berhenti memperhatikannya.

Fella’s thought: “kalo tenses awalnya past, dicampur ke past perfect gitu boleh ga?” – @arbinuri:

Admin’s response: Selama itu sama-sama PAST tidak masalah

2. Hindari penggunaan ‘and’ terus menerus

Yap, yang satu ini sebaiknya dihindari.

“And,” artinya dan, merupakan kata yang menyambung antara dua kalimat pendek agar lebih panjang, sama seperti di bahasa Indonesia. Pemakaian ‘dan’ di dalam Bahasa Indonesia atau ‘and’ di dalam Bahasa Inggris yang berlebihan berkonsekuensi tulisan itu akan membosankan. Begitu juga dengan ‘and then’ di bahasa Inggris. Bagian paling penting daripada kalimat itu bisa hilang.

Contoh:

  • “An then we decided to go to the game but we couldn’t get in and we went home and we watched it on the television.”

Penggunaan “and” yang terlalu banyak juga membuat tulisan itu membingungkan. Maka. sda baiknya ada jeda diantara kalimat-kalimat yang itu, seperti titik (.). Pemisah ini maka akan membuat tulisan itu lebih dimengerti.

Contoh:

  • “Then we decided to go to the game, but we couldn’t get in. We went home instead and watched it on the television.”

Di samping itu, menurut buku ini,jika di ujian GCSE memakai ‘and’ terlalu banyak, kita bisa kehilangan 1 poin. Bahkan dikira oleh penguji tidak tahu bagaimana menulis kalimat yang benar, maka berhati-hatilah memakainya.

Fella’s thought: “Because using many “and” word show that u are lack of creativity.” –@astrimardiana:

Admin’s response: I couldn’t agree more :)

3. Kalimat panjang

Kalimat yang panjang selalu terlihat lebih pintar, tapi sebenarnya bisa membuat si pembaca bingung. Panjang boleh, tapi pastikan dapat dimengerti. Pastikan main point (poin penting) terlihat di setiap kalimat yang fellas tulis.

Contoh kalimat panjang:

  • “The monster crashed through the city, looking for Ellen and eventually found her in the park where she was sitting underneath a tree, where she’d been all day.”

Gimana fellas? Panjang banget kan? Terus bingung kan? Maksudnya apa ya?

Daripada membingungkan, sebaiknya jangan dipaksa untuk membuat kalimat terlalu panjang. Pendek tidak apa kok, yang penting jelas. Maka sebaiknya kalimat itu ditulis seperti ini:

  • “The monster crashed through the city, looking for Ellen. It found her in the park, sitting underneath a tree. She had been there all day.”

Lebih jelas bukan?

That’s it for the #EngTips on Writing that I can share for tonight, I hope it has been useful for all fellas :)

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, July 3, 2012.


RELATIVE POST(S):

^MD

#EngClass: Conditional 3

The topic of this article would be: Conditional 3. Are you ready?

Conditional sentences ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Kali ini kita bahas Conditional 3.

Conditional 3 menyatakan

“Andai (dulu) aku… Sebelum ini, aku pasti sudah/ bisa saja/ seharusnya sudah/ mungkin sudah…”

Kalimat ini menunjukkan pengandaian yang tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan. Bingung? Berikut contohnya:

  • “If I had had enough money, I would have flown to Australia last Christmas.”

Artinya:

  • “Kalau (dulu) uangku cukup, aku pasti sudah terbang ke Australia Natal tahun lalu.”

Resep Conditional 3:

Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + have + V3 + IF clause in Past Perfect Tense

Resep lain:

IF clause in Past Perfect Tense [comma] Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + have + V3

Masih bingung? Coba perhatikan contoh ini:

  • “If he had learned the truth, he might have cancelled the wedding.”

Artinya:

  • “Kalau dulu dia tahu kenyataannya, dia mungkin sudah membatalkan pernikahannya.”

Let’s try this:

  • If you (study) diligently, you (will) (pass) your exam.
    • Answer: “If you had studied diligently, you would have passed your exam.”
    • Artinya: Kalau dulu rajin belajar,(kemarin) kamu pasti sudah lulus ujian.

It’s not so hard after all, right? ;) Let’s do more exercise.

Practice

  1. If he (study) more, he (may) (get) a higher mark.
  2. If I (know) that you needed me, I (will) (come) at once.
  3. If she (save) her money, she (may) (be) able to go on a vacation aboard.
  4. If I (feel) better, I (can) (go) to the hospital with you.
  5. If they (have) time last holiday, they (will) (join) the tour to Disneyland.

Answer

  1. If he had studied more, he might have gotten a higher mark.
  2. If I had known that you needed me, I would have come at once.
  3. If she had saved her money, she might have been able to go on a vacation aboard
  4. If I had felt better, I could have gone to the hospital with you.
  5. If they had had time last holiday, they would have joined the tour to Disneyland.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 8, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngClass: Conditional 1

Di artikel ini kita akan berandai-andai. Yes, our topic is “Conditional.” Siapa saja yah yang pernah tanya?

Conditional sentences punya 2 bagian: klausa utama, klausa “if”. Masing-masing klausa punya Subject dan Verb sendiri.

Contoh:

  • “Andai aku punya banyak uang, Aku akan beli sebuah mobil.”
    • Penggalan kalimat yang berandai disebut klausa if (if clause) S: Aku V: Beli.
    • Penggalan kalimat yang akan terjadi bila “if clause” terjadi disebut klausa utama.

Conditional sentences ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Kali ini kita bahas Conditional 1.

Conditional 1 menyatakan

“Andai aku… Aku akan…”.

Kalimat ini mengandaikan sesuatu yang mungkin bisa terjadi di masa depan.

Contoh:

  • “Andai aku punya banyak uang (nanti), Aku akan beli sebuah mobil.”
  • “If I have a lot of money, I will buy a car.”

Kenapa conditional 1 disebut (future – possible)? Karena sesuatu yang kita harap terjadi di masa depan, mungkin saja terjadi. Maksudnya?

Contoh:

  • Siapa tau nanti aku punya banyak uang? Aku bisa aja punya bnyk uang di masa depan. Kalau terjadi, aku akan beli mobil.

Resep Conditional 1:

Main clause in Future Tense + IF clause in Present Tense

Contoh:

  • “He will make good grades IF he studies well.”
    • note: if clause diikuti present tense.

Resep lain Conditional 1:

IF clause in Present Tense [comma] Main clause in Future Tense

Contoh:

  • “IF he studies well, he will make good grades.”
    • note: if clause diikuti present tense.

Ayo kita coba:

  • “If she (work) hard, she (succeed).”
    • ubah verb di dalam tanda kurung
    • Answer: “If she works hard, she will succeed.”
      • Artinya: Kalau dia kerja keras, dia akan sukses.
      • note: if clause diikuti present tense

Alright! Let’s do the following exercises ;) Ready?

Practice

  1. If I (find) the key, I (give) it to you.
  2. If the weather (be) warm next Sunday, we (go) to Bandung.
  3. If father (turn) off the light, we (have) to sleep right away.
  4. If he (fail) the last test, he (have) to repeat the course.
  5. If I (have) time tomorrow, I (go) to the exhibition with you.
  6. If I (see) Jason, I (give) him your message.
  7. If the manager (call), I (speak) to him.
  8. If you (save) your money, you (be) able to go on a vacation.
  9. If he (arrive) on time, his teacher (not, get) angry with him.
  10. If it (get) colder, I (put) my jacket on.

Answer

  1. If I find the key, I will give it to you.
  2. If the weather is warm next Sunday, we will go to Bandung.
  3. If father turns off the light, we will have to sleep right away.
  4. If he fails the last test, he will have to repeat the course.
  5. If I have time tomorrow, I will go to the exhibition with you.
  6. If I see Jason, I will give him your message.
  7. If the manager calls, I will speak to him.
  8. If you save your money, you will be able to go on a vacation.
  9. If he arrives on time, his teacher will not get angry with him.
  10. If it gets colder, I will put my jacket on.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, June 6, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngClass: Conditional 2

Sebelum fellas baca bahasan di bawah ini, ada baiknya intip bahasan #EngClass: Conditional 1 dulu ya :)

Sambil baca bahasan #EngClass: Conditional 1, ayo coba jawab beberapa pertanyaan berikut:

  1. Apa topik dari link yang barusan admin sebut?
  2. Kenapa Conditional 1 disebut (Future – Possible)?
  3. Apa resep kalimat Conditional 1?

If you can answer all three questions correctly, I reckon you’re all ready for this article. Let’s start! This time, we’ll discuss Conditional 2.

Conditional sentences punya 2 bagian: klausa utama, klausa “if”. Masing2 klausa punya Subject dan Verb sendiri. Apa maksudnya “masing2 klausa punya Subject dan Verb sendiri”? Coba cek di bahasan #EngClass: Conditional 1.

Conditional sentences ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Kali ini kita bahas Conditional 2.

Conditional 2 menyatakan

“Andai aku… Sekarang ini, aku seharusnya/bisa saja/mungkin akan/mungkin bisa…”

Kalimat ini menunjukkan pengandaian yang tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan. Bingung? Berikut contohnya:

  • “Andai aku giat belajar, aku pasti akan lulus ujian.”
  • “If I studied diligently, I would pass the test.”
  • Tapi gak belajar, lulus?

Kenapa Conditional 2 disebut (present – unreal)? Karena kondisi yang diandaikan, tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan.

Contoh:

  • “Andai aku belajar” menunjukkan aku gak belajar, sedangkan ujian sudah terjadi. Jadi gak mungkin belajar lagi biar lulus, kan?

Resep Conditional 2:

Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + V1 + IF clause in Simple Past Tense

Contoh:

  • “He would make good grades IF he studied hard.”

Resep lain Conditional 2:

IF clause in Simple Past Tense [comma] Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + V1

Contoh:

  • “If he studied hard, he would make good grades.”

Catatan Penting:

  1. If clause Conditional 2 selalu diikuti verb Past Tense, kecuali “to be”. Gunakan “were” untuk if clause Conditional 2.
  2. Would – akan (will), Should – seharusnya (shall), Could – bisa (can), Might – mungkin (may).
  3. Main clause menggunakan Would/Should/Could/Might dan selalu diikuti Verb 1.

Ayo kita coba:

  • “If I (have) enough money, I (will, fly) to Europe.”
    • buat kalimat conditional 2 dan ubah verb di dalam tanda kurung.
    • Answer: “If I had enough money, I would fly to Europe.”
      • Artinya: Kalau aku punya cukup uang, aku akan ke Eropa.
      • if clause diikuti past tense

Ayo kita coba 1 lagi:

  • “If I (to be) there, I (can, carry) those boxes for you.”
    • buat kalimat conditional 2 dan ubah verb di dalam tanda kurung.
    • Answer: “If I were there, I could carry those boxes for you.”
      • Artinya: Kalau aku di sana, aku bisa mengangkat kotak-kotak untukmu.

Alright! Let’s do the following exercises ;) Ready?

Practice

  1. If my mother (to be) here, she (will, know) what to do.
  2. If they (work) harder, they (shall, get) better salaries.
  3. If this naughty student (know) more grammar, he (may, be) in next grade.
  4. If you (take) the noon-train, you (will, get to) Jogja about 4pm.
  5. If today (to be) Saturday, I (will not, have) to work.

Answer

  1. If my mother were here, she would know what to do.
  2. If they worked harder, they should get better salaries.
  3. If this naughty student knew more grammar, he might be in next grade.
  4. If you took the noon-train, you would get to Jogja about 4pm.
  5. If today were Saturday, I would not have to work.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngClass: Future Perfect Progressive Tense

Future Perfect Progressive bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang telah terjadi selama kurun waktu tertentu (akan sudah …. selama…)

Contoh:

  • He will have been working in the company for 10 years next Monday.”

Arti: Dia akan sudah bekerja di perusahaan itu selama 10 tahun hari Senin depan. Hari Senin depan adalah peringatan 10 tahun dia bekerja di perusahaan itu. Dia mulai bekerja 10 tahun sebelum Senin depan.

Pola kalimat positif

“S + will/shall/to be going to + have been + V -ing + for… .”

Dalam kalimat Future Perfect Progressive, ‘will’/’shall’ dan ‘to be going to‘ dapat dipakai secara bergantian.

Future Perfect Progressive menyatakan durasi pekerjaan/kegiatan saat kejadian lain terjadi di masa depan.

Contoh:

  • “I will go to bed at 10pm.”
  • “He will get home at midnight.”
  • “I will be sleeping at midnight.”

Jika digabungkan, klausa-klausa di atas dapat digunakan untuk membuat kalimat dengan Future Perfect Progressive, sehingga menjadi

  • I will have been sleeping for two hours by the time he gets home.”

Arti: Aku akan sudah tidur selama 2 jam waktu dia pulang.

Contoh lain:

Aku dulu tinggal di rumah lama. Aku pindah ke rumah baru tanggal 8 Februari 2010. Tanggal 8 Februari 2012 nanti, aku akan sudah 2 tahun tinggal di rumah baru.

Future Perfect Progressive:

  • “I will have been staying in this house for 2 years by next Wednesday (8th of February, 2012).”

Are y’all still with me? Let’s test.

“She will have been teaching for 6 years by next Saturday.” Jadi, kapan tepatnya (tanggal berapa) dia mulai mengajar?

Jawaban: Dia mulai ngajar tgl 11 February 2006.

Pola kalimat tanya

Will/shall + S + have been + V -ing + … + for … ? OR: To be + S + going to + have been + V -ing + … + for … ?”

Contoh:

  • “Will she have been teaching for 6 years next Saturday?” (Apa dia akan sudah mengajar selama 6 tahun, hari Sabtu depan?)

Jika ingin menanyakan durasi (sudah berapa lama) suatu pekerjaan/kegiatan sudah berlangsung pada suatu saat di waktu yang akan datang, umumnya digunakan kata tanya how long (berapa lama). Check out the following example.

  • “How long will you have been learning English this year?” [(Akan) Sudah berapa lama kamu belajar B.Inggris tahun ini?]

PRACTICE

1) “My sister went to Semarang two days ago. How long will she have been visiting Semarang by next Friday?” Can anyone answer?

Answer: She will have been visiting Semarang for seven days (one/a week) by next Friday.

2) “My cousins are at the karaoke centre. They started singing at 4. They’re still there.” How do you say: “mereka akan sudah menyanyi selama 5 jam, jam 9 malam nanti”?

Answer: They will have been singing for 5 hours by 9 o’clock.

Sekian topik Future Progressive Tense kita hari ini. Thanks for reading. :)

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, February 5, 2012.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

#EngClass: Future Perfect Tense

Hari ini kita akan membahas Future Perfect Tense.

Future Perfect Tense menggambarkan bahwa suatu pekerjaan akan sudah selesai di waktu tertentu di masa depansebelum suatu kejadian lain terjadi.

Terdapat beberapa pola kalimat dalam future perfect tense, yaitu

  • (+): S + will have + v3.
  • (-): S + will not have + v3.
  • (?): Will + S + have + v3 + ?

note: “will have” dapat digunakan untuk semua subjek (‘I,’ ‘you,’ ‘we,’ ‘they,’ ‘he,’ ‘she,’ ‘it’)

Contoh:

  • We will have visited Bali by April. (We will visit Bali in March. We will meet you in April.)

Apa perbedaan dari Future Tense dan Future Perfect tense? Keduanya terjadi di masa depan kan. Coba perhatikan contoh di atas.

Contoh 1: (Future Tense) We will visit Bali in March.

  • Arti: Kami akan mengunjungi Bali bulan Maret. Kapan (akan) pergi? Nanti, bulan Maret. Sekarang masih bulan Januari.

Contoh 2: (Future Tense) We will meet you in April.

  • Arti: Kita akan bertemu kamu bulan April. Kapan (akan) bertemu? Nanti, bulan April. Sekarang masih bulan Januari.

Contoh 3: (Future Perfect Tense) We will have visited Bali by April.

  • Arti: Kita akan sudah mengunjungi Bali bulan April nanti. Kapan ke Bali? Sebelum April.

Let’s try this one: What is the meaning of the following sentence?

“I will have finished all my work by the time I go out on a date tonight.”

Arti: Aku akan sudah menyelesaikan semua tugas/pekerjaanku waktu pergi kencan nanti malam.

Pertanyaan tambahan: Jadi, kapan tugas-tugasnya selesai?
Jawaban: Sebelum pergi nge-date nanti malam.


PRACTICE

Let’s do a lil exercise. Complete the following sentences with Future Perfect Tense of the verbs in the brackets, in full sentences.

  1. If you don’t make a note of that appointment, you ….. (forget) it by next week.
  2. By next week, I ….. (work) here 5 years.
  3. By this time next year, you ….. (forget) all you present troubles.
  4.  I’m sure they ….. (complete) the apartment in January next year.
  5.  She … (leave) by the time you get up.

ANSWER

  1. If you don’t make a note of that appointment, you will have forgotten it by next week.
  2. By next week, I will have worked here 5 years.
  3. By this time next year, you will have forgotten all you present troubles.
  4. I’m sure they will have completed the apartment in January next year.
  5. She will have left by the time you get up.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, January 29, 2012.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

#EngClass: Future Progressive Tense

Let’s continue our tenses topic with Future Continuous Tense or Future Progressive Tense.

Pola kalimat yang biasa ditemui dalam Future Continuous Tense adalah sebagai berikut,

  • (+): S + will/shall + be + V -ing + object/adverb.
  • (-): S+will/shall + not + be + V -ing + object/adverb.
  • (?): Will/shall + S + be + V -ing + object/adverb + ?

Future Progressive digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang akan sedang berlangsung di masa depan.

Future Progressive menyatakan bahwa subjek akan sedang melakukan sesuatu di masa depan, namun hal tersebut bukanlah sesuatu yang direncanakan/disengaja melainkan sebuah kebiasaan.

Contoh:

  • She will be jogging at the park tomorrow morning.” (Dia akan lagi jogging di taman besok pagi, itu memang sudah kebiasaan dia.)
  • My mom will not be doing the laundry at 6 this evening.” (Ibuku tidak akan lagi mencuci baju jam 6 nanti.)
  • She (my mom) will be cooking in the kitchen (at 6 this evening).” (Ibuku akan lagi memasak di dapur.)

 

Makna kalimat Simple Future Tense (SFT) sedikit berbeda dengan Future Progressive Tense (FPT). Perbedaan itu dapat diamati dalam hal-hal berikut ini,

1. FT menunjukkan adanya rencana/kesengajaan, sedangkan FPT menunukan kebiasaan atau kenyataan yang diketahui.

Contoh:

  • FT: “She will cook fried rice for lunch tomorrow.”
  • FPT: “She will be cooking fried rice for lunch tomorrow.”

Makna:

  • FT: Dia akan masak nasi goreng buat makan siang besok. Dia berencana (sengaja) masak nasi goreng besok.
  • FPT: Dia akan sedang masak nasi goreng buat makan siang besok. Dia biasa masak nasi goreng bwt makan siang hari Senin.

2. Pertanyaan FT bisa untuk menyatakan undangan/permohonan, namun pertanyaan FPT bermakna “Apa … akan…?”

Contoh:

  • FT: “Will you help him?” (Maukah kamu membantu dia?)
  • FPT: “Will you be helping him?” (Apa kamu akan membantu dia?)

Contoh lain:

  • FT: “Will you cook fried rice for lunch?”
  • FPT: “Will you be cooking fried rice for lunch?”

Makna:

  • FT: Bisakah kamu masak nasi goreng untuk makan siang? Kalimat ini menunjukkan permohonan (untuk dimasakkan nasi goreng).
  • FPT: Apa kamu akan masak nasi goreng untuk makan siang? Kalimat ini untuk menanyakan sesuatu, tidak bisa diartikan sebagai permohonan.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, January 15, 2012.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD