Category Archives: tenses

#EngQuiz: Spot The Mistakes (3)

Hiyya, fellas! It’s time for today’s session. How good are you at finding mistakes? Well, I’ve prepared 10 sentences. Point out what’s wrong with them and fix them. Ready? Get set! Go…

Q1. Can’t you see? There’s a huge different between the one on the right and the one on the left.

@naadyannisa: Different >> difference

@latifahHM: because the word must be a noun (difference), not an adjective (different)

 

Q2. I must have gained weight. This jeans is not enough big for me.

@hadyanq: “Big enough”, because enough is an adverb so it has to be placed after adjective

@vectoreza: not big enough. Adjective first.

Check this out: #ENGCLASS: DEGREE WORDS

 

Q3. Can you point out where is the mistake?

@Laurafadilah: I think ‘is’ should be put in the end of the sentence.. not sure thou.

@latifahHM: where the mistake is, coz it’s a subordinate clause which must be a statement, not question.

@OwLuck: can you point out where the mistake is, cause I think double question

Check this out: #ENGTRIVIA: EMBEDDED QUESTIONS

 

Q4. That ring is expensive as an Alphard.

@latifahHM: *Expensive as, it’s positive degree so that it must be ‘as+adjective+as’, That ring is as expensive as…

 

Q5. You need to take out those wet clothes and have a hot bath.

Answer: To take something out berarti mengeluarkan sesuatu. Before you take a bath, you need to take off your clothes. To take something off berarti melepas sesuatu. So it should be “take off those wet clothes”

For more phrasal verbs with the word “take”, check this out:  #ENGVOCAB: PHRASAL VERBS WITH “TAKE”

Also check this one out: #ENGTRIVIA: SENTENCE, CLAUSE, PHRASE, PHRASAL VERB, IDIOM, PROVERB, QUOTE & SLANG

 

Q6. The pilot drove the plane over the ocean.

The answer to Q6 is quite simple really, fellas. Who would drive a plane? The answer is: The pilot flew the plane.

 

Q7. I found out a hundred thousand in your jeans.

@latifahHM: *found out, find out means get information about something, *I found a hundred thousand in your jeans.

 

Q8. We have already make our decision. You’re fired!

@alwyhr: made. the sentence is using simple perfect tense so it should use verb 3

Check this out: #ENGCLASS: PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (POSITIVE)

 

Q9. In the other hand, maybe we should move to Bali.

@izky_paramitha: In the other hand is simply saying that you are holding something in the “other” hand so the correct one is on the other hand.

 

Q10. This has got to be the most comfortablest hotel I have ever stayed in.

@ritaaprilli: the most comfortable is superlative degree. Why use ‘the most’? Bcos comfortable has 4 syllable. ‘com-for-ta-ble’ no need est

 

Phew! There goes all 10 questions and their answers for today’s #EngQuiz, fellas. How was that for a quick exercise? :D

That’s a wrap for today fellas! Get some sleep and remember to use your voting right in the legislative election tomorrow. :D

 

 

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on April 8, 2014

Advertisements

#EngQuiz: Spot The Mistakes (2)

How are you doing, fellas? It’s been a while since our last #EngQuiz, right? Shall we do a simple one?

You see, fellas. People make mistakes all the time. Who doesn’t? Well, I know I sometimes do. (read: bukan kadang-kadang lagi)

When you do find mistakes, it’s best to help others by explaining and suggesting a correction. Jangan cuma nunjuk doang. So, here are 10 lines which contain mistakes. Spot the mistake, explain why you think it’s a mistake & suggest a correction. Try to explain in your own words, B.Indo or English. Also, feel free to point us to your reference.

Let’s start!

1. Some people likes to laze around.
2. The second attempt was more better.
3. All the pub near here are closed.
4. Billy is the most strongest guy I know.
5. This road is more longer than the other road.
6. No-one like a loser.
7. Come up and see me some time.
8. We all decision to go for a picnic.
9. Usually, I took the train to work, but sometimes I walk.
10. Sharon put too much cheeses in the omelette.

Answers & explanations:

Q1. Some people likes to laze around.

@citapr: it’s not some people likes, but some people like. It’s because people is plural not singular

@Kaykayy929: ommit the (s) in LIKES since ‘People’ is plural. ‘Verb 1 + s’ is only for singular subject. some people LIKE to laze around.

@clara_gita: subject in the sentence is plural (some people) so it must be ‘like’ not ‘likes’

Answer: The mistake in the sentence is the word ‘likes’. It should be ‘like’.
Penjelasan: Dalam kalimat Simple Present Tense, gak perlu nambahin “s/es” di akhir kata kerja dengan subject yg menujuk pada aku, kamu, kita & mereka.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Simple Present Tense (Positive)

@_idrix: “laze” “kata sifat” “some people likes to lazy around” am I right?hehehe
@EnglishTips4U: ‘Laze’ sebenarnya k.kerja. It means to be lazy, bermalas-malasan. Wanna give it another try?

laze (lz):
v. lazed, laz·ing, laz·es
v.intr.
To be lazy; loaf: laze around the house.
v.tr.
To spend (time) loafing: lazed the afternoon away in a hammock.
Source: thefreedictionary.com

Q2. The second attempt was more better.

@Ernieee1203: for comparison adj. for good is good, better, best. there’s no such thing as MORE better.

@alyamaudina: no need ‘more’ before the better. Because better is comparative of ‘good’. The second attempt was better.

@sevincepin: we should omit more because better is comparative of good. “The second attempt was better”

Answer: ‘More better’ is the mistake. It should just be ‘better’, without ‘more’.
Penjelasan: Saat membandingkan dua hal, kita gunakan comparative adjective. Caranya? Adj+er untuk kata sifat dgn 1 sukukata atau more + adj u/ sebagian besar kata sifat dgn 2 sukukata.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Degrees Of Comparison

@jejepujianto: better is comparative for good, because good only consist of one syllable we don’t need the “more”
@EnglishTips4U: And it’s not only 1 syllable,  but the change is also irregular.  :)

Q3. All the pub near here are closed.

@iranranz: word “all” in front of noun explains that it’s plural, pub must be pubs.

@OwLuck: the pubs ? Cause to be is are and it relates to Plural Subject and it strengthened with All at first.

@astriinila: all the pub. “All the”and “are” determine plural, while “pub” without “s” is singular. Add “s”

Answer: ‘All the’ should be followed by a plural noun. Thus ‘pub’ should be in plural form, i.e.: ‘pubs’.
Penjelasan: Gak seperti b. Indo yang ngulang kata benda u/ nunjukin jamak, kita tambah “s/es” pada sebagian kata benda dalam Bahasa Inggris.
Selain itu, ada juga sebagian kata benda dgn perubahan bentuk yang tidak beraturan (irregular).
Untuk penjelasan lebih lanjut: #EngQuiz: Irregular Plural

Q4. Billy is the most strongest guy I know.

@_acherka: ‘strongest’ is superlative, therefore, no need to put ‘most’.

@jerkstein: “Billy is the strongest guy I know.” ‘Most strongest’ is redundant, thus ‘most’ should be omitted. (also) bcs the correct superlative form for strong would be ‘strongest’.

@Catherina_SP: That should be “THE STRONGEST”..cz STRONG has one syllable and for its superlative we need to put EST only. Without MOST.

Answer: There is a redundant word, i.e.: most.
Penjelasan: Untuk menunjukkan sifat “Paling…” (Superlative adjective), kita tambahkan imbuhan “-est” ATAU awalan kata “the most”, salah satu. Kapan kita pakai “-est” atau “the most”? Adj+est untuk kata sifat dgn 1 sukukata atau the most+adj u/ sebagian besar kata sifat dgn 2 sukukata.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Degrees Of Comparison

Q5. This road is more longer than the other road.

@_idrix: “this road is longer than the other road” tdk btuh “more” krn “longer” udah mnjelaskan lbh pnjang

@NH_Lie: We don’t need the word “more” because “longer” itself is a comparative word. :D

@nadfebrw: not use more, because longer sudah menjelaskan itu lebih panjang?

Answer: There is one word which shouldn’t be there, i.e: more.
Penjelasan: Untuk menunjukkan sifat “lebih…” (Comparative adjective), kita tambahkan imbuhan “-er” ATAU awalan kata “more”, salah satu.  Kapan kita pakai “-er” atau “more”? Adj+er u/ kata sifat dgn 1 sukukata atau more+adj u/ sebagian besar kata sifat dgn 2 sukukata.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Degrees Of Comparison

Q6. No-one like a loser.

@SaarahFzh: no one like’s’? Because no-one is a single subject, isn’t it?

@umirobiatus: the verb ‘like’ should be ‘likes’ because ‘no-one’ is singular

@Catherina_SP: No one likeS… Put S on Like. Cz Like there works as verb..and no one is the subject I guess. So the verb should use S..

Answer: The mistake in the sentence is the word ‘like’. It should be ‘likes’.
Penjelasan: Indefinite pronouns spt:  anyone, everyone, someone, no one, nobody selalu dianggap kata ganti tunggal. Maka, kata kerja dalam kalimat Simple Present Tense perlu ditambahkan “s/es”.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Simple Present Tense (Positive)

@_idrix: “nobody like a loser” no-one ganti dengan “nobody”
@EnglishTips4U: No one & nobody artinya sama :)

@OwLuck: should be is like ? Cause like at this sentence relates to adjective not verb, so we should put the to be ‘is’. I guess.
@EnglishTips4U: Actually ‘like’ is the verb in that sentence, which means ‘menyukai’. If you insert an ‘is’ before ‘like’, it would then change the meaning of the sentence. It would then mean ‘seperti’.

Q7. Come up and see me some time.

@alyamaudina: no space between some and time. Because they have different meaning. “Come up and see me sometime”.

Answer: The correct adverb should be ‘sometime’.
Penjelasan: ‘Sometime’ & ‘some time’ memiliki arti yang sangat berbeda. Padahal cuma beda 1 spasi ya :)

  • Sometime: kapan-kapan, suatu waktu, kapan saja.
    • Contoh: If you wish to talk about it sometime, just give me a call.
  • Some time: sejumlah waktu, beberapa waktu.
    • Contoh: Please give me some time.

Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Sometime, Sometimes And Some Time

Q8. We all decision to go for a picnic.

@putrigytr: decision is a noun, use decided / decide (verb) instead.

@keziajssc: It should be ‘decide’ not ‘decision’. Decide: memutuskan, decision: keputusan.

@Dee_Viina: decision is a noun. That’s the mistake. We should put a verb there. ‘Decide’ – We all decide to go for a picnic.

@48718rainbow: krn decision adalah noun, seharusnya yg dimasukin verb nya, decide. tp krn sudah diputuskan,jd decided. We (have) decided

Answer: The mistake is the word ‘decision’. It should be in verb form, i.e.: ‘decided’.
Penjelasan: ‘Decision’ berarti: keputusan, kata benda. ‘Decide’ berarti: memutuskan, kata kerja.

Q9. Usually, I took the train to work, but sometimes I walk.

@dewioctarisma: took, because the sentence is in present tense so the mistake is word ‘took’ is it correct??

@keziajssc: There’s “usually” there, which means it’s a present tense. So it should be ‘take’ not ‘took’. Bcs took is V2

@Twinkletata: you should replace ‘took’ with ‘take’, cause ‘usually’ implies a habitual action. Habitual action = present tense.

Answer: The first verb is in the wrong tense. ‘Took’ should be ‘take’.
Penjelasan: Kata keterangan waktu ‘usually’ menunjukkan bhw kalimat yg dimaksud berupa kalimat Simple Present Tense, dan perlu kata kerja dalam bentuk present form. The present form of ‘took’ is ‘take’.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Simple Present Tense (Positive)

Q10. Sharon put too much cheeses in the omelette.

@48718rainbow: it should be just ‘cheese’. it can be singular or plural. i think we choose cheeses only if we refer to different kind of cheeses?…. or not? xD

@yuandayol: it should be “puts” not “put” because Sharon is one person/ singular. So the verb must be use “s”.

@dedyompu: the mistakes are ‘put’ and ‘cheeses’ they should be ‘puts’ and ‘cheese’. Sharon puts too much cheese in the omelette.

@sheshye: wrong=’cheeses’ which should be ‘cheese’ bcz cheese is uncountable, so it doesnt need to put ‘es’ for showing plural.

@LasmaMikha: First, it should be “puts” because Sharon is the 3rd person, so we must put s/es. 2nd, “Cheese” because it’s uncountable.

Answer: The mistake is the word ‘put’ & ‘cheeses’. Cheese is uncountable and should not be plural.
Penjelasan: Kata benda terbagi dalam 2, kata benda yg bisa dihitung (countable) & kata benda yg tidak bisa dihitung (uncountable). Uncountable noun seperti cheese, water, air, dll, tidak punya bentuk jamak.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Countable VS Uncountable Noun

Also, karena subject kalimat adalah Sharon yang biasa diganti dengan pronoun ‘she’, kata kerja yag ngikut perlu ditambah “s/es”.
Untuk penjelasan lengkap: #EngClass: Simple Present Tense (Positive)

@48718rainbow: tapi saya rasa put ga salah deh dari kalimat itu. Karena tdk ada ket waktu, jadi kita bs mengasumsikan itu sbg past tense

There goes all the questions and their respective answers & explanation for today’s #EngQuiz, fellas. :)

Make as many mistakes as you can afford and learn from them. Just don’t repeat the same mistakes over and over again!

Making mistakes isn’t a shameful thing, for you wouldn’t know any better otherwise. That’s a wrap for today’s session! See you tomorrow XOXO

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on November 26, 2013

#EngQuiz: answer these questions (tenses exercise)

Ahem. What are you doing, fellas? How was your fasting and iftar today? Or how was your Monday in general so far? :)

Anyway, did you know that you can test your grammar and mastery of tenses by looking at how you answer a question in complete sentence? :)

Don’t believe me? Let’s see from the questions I asked earlier:

  1. Q1. What are you doing, fellas?
  2. Q2. How was your Monday in general so far?

Here’s how you should answer those 2 questions in complete sentence:

@miratssss: (Q1) I’m studying. (Q2) Today wasn’t bad.”

See?

Q1 is in Present Continuous/ Progressive Tense, and Q2 is in Past Simple Tense. And that is why the answers should be in the same tenses. :)

While you’re doing what you’re doing, let’s do this simple #EngQuiz. What you have to do is answer the questions using complete sentence. :)

QUESTIONS

  1. What have you done so far today?
  2. Where are you now?
  3. What will you be doing tomorrow afternoon?
  4. How do you usually go to school or work?
  5. Who did you meet yesterday?
  6. When are you going to go back to your hometown for ‘pulang kampung’?
  7. What will you do if you have 10 million dollars?
  8. What skill have you been working on up to today?
  9. What were your neighbors doing when you had your dinner tonight?
  10. What had you done before we started this #EngQuiz?
  11. What will you have done by 11.00 tonight?
  12. Andy looked so tired when I saw him this morning. What do you think Andy had been doing?
  13. Tell me one activity that you will have been doing for five years by the end of this year?

ANSWERS

  1. @KeyrenSharon: I have done lots of work. So tireddddddd
  2. @PatriciaTriz: I am at my friend’s house.”
  3. @DekResty: I will be having statistics class tomorrow afternoon.
  4. @dhanie2403: I usually go to school by public transport.
  5. @mochibrahim: I met my close friends yesterday.”
  6. @tionovita: I am going to go back to my hometown for pulang kampung in December.” <– Future Simple with ‘be going to + V1’
  7. @Fxxxx13: I will travel the world.”
  8. @falsfalsss: I have been working on my English skills.”
  9. @dalewas: They were doing nothing suspicious, I suppose.”
  10. @ollapuspaa: I had just finished tarawih.”
  11. @riska_chan: I will have finished washing the dishes by 11 tonight.”
  12. @mochibrahim: I am pretty sure that Andy had been chasing some burglars.”
  13. @meriiina: I will have been learning Spanish for five years by the end of this year.”

Great job, everyone! If you ever need to learn about tenses again, go to this link @EnglishTips4U Search Results: tense or search the net. :)

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on July 15, 2013

#EngTalk: Would / Do you mind… ?

Did you follow last week’s session on “Asking for help“? Today, we’ll talk a little bit more about ways to ask “Would/do you mind…?”

Here a quick recap:
We can ask for help by asking “Would/Do you mind (v-ing)…?”
E.g.: Do you mind lowering your voice?
Arti: Bisa tolong kecilkan suaramu sedikit? *lagi nonton film seru tapi tetangga berisik abies*
Note that when asking for help, “Would/Do you mind” is followed by a gerund (V-ing). What is “Gerund”? » Click HERE

#EngTips
Some might ask, why is it not followed by infinitive (to+verb)? While some verbs can be followed by infinitive and gerund, “mind” can only be followed by gerund.
Check out this LINK to know which verbs are followed by infinitive and/or gerund.

We could also use “Do/Would you mind” when we wish to ask for permission (izin) or approval (persetujuan).
To ask for permission or approval, we say: “Do/Would you mind (if clause)…?”
E.g.: Do you mind if I open the window?
Arti: Apa kamu (akan) keberatan kalau aku buka jendelanya? *di dalam gerah, di luar berisik*

If-clause simply means a clause which starts with “If” and contains at least 1 subject & 1 verb.
To know more about “If clause”, browse the following LINK.

Note:
“Do you mind” is followed by if-clause with simple present verb (v1)and…
“Would you mind” is followed by if-clause with simple past verb (v2).

Now, compare these two sentences:
(A) Would you mind giving me a ride home?
(B) Would you mind if he gave me a ride home?

As we’ve discussed above, (A) “Would you mind + Gerund” means you’re asking for help.

Contoh (A): Would you mind giving me a ride home?
Arti (A): Bisa tolong antar aku pulang? *halah bilang aja mau PDKT*

Meanwhile, (B) “Would you mind + If clause” means you’re asking for permission or approval.

Contoh (B): Would you mind if he gave me a ride home?
Arti (B): Apa kamu keberatan kalau dia mengantar aku pulang? *ijin dulu sebelom PDKT*

Now… How would you respond when someone say “Do you mind…” or “Would you mind…”?

Secara harafiah, “Do you mind…” dan “Would you mind…” berarti: Apa kamu keberatan… ? Selain akal, “mind” juga berarti keberatan (k.kerja).

Bayangkan kalau kamu ditanyai “Apa kamu keberatan…?”. Klo dijawab “Ya”, berarti kamu keberatan, bukan? Therefore, if someone ask you “Do you mind…” or “Would you mind…”, you can agree to help or give permission/approval by saying: “No, not at all” or “No, not a bit” or “No problem.

I hope you now know how to ask with “Do/Would you mind…” and how to respond when someone ask you that way :D

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on May 18, 2013

#EngClass #EngQuiz: Simple Present Tense

Do you remember our lessons about Simple Present Tense? Let me refresh your memory: Simple Present Tense (Positive) and Simple Present Tense (Negative and Interrogative).

Simple Present Tense is used to express: habit/routine, general truth/fact, ability, personality, news quote, schedule, narration, etc.

There are 2 forms of Simple Present Tense:

  1. The one that uses “base form” of verb.
  2. The one that uses verb “be”.

What is “base form” of verb? It’s basically what we usually call as “Verb 1”. Examples can be found in 2 links I have given you.

Meanwhile I bet you are already familiar with verb “be”. In Simple Present Tense, they are “am”, “is”, and “are”.

Look at the examples:

  1. Simple Present Tense (SPT) with base form: “I like studying.”
  2. SPT with verb be: “I am a student.”

In previous examples, the base form of verb in sentence 1) is = “like”. Meanwhile the verb be in sentence 2) is = “am”.

Can you see the difference, fellas? Between the sentence 1) and sentence 2)? Why do they have to be different? Here’s the reason…

  1. In sentence 1) it is clear that the Subject is “I” and the Verb is “like”. Remember, a clause has to have: [S + V].
  2. Meanwhile in sentence 2), if we omit the “be”, the sentence will be “I a student.” It is NOT a clause, because it has NO verb.

This is when we use “be” that functions as the “Verb” of the sentence “I am a student.” Thus, Subject = “I”; Verb = “am”.

The form [S + verb be] is usually followed by: noun, adjective, adverb (of place/time). Example: I am a student. (a student= noun)

Other examples:

  1. She is hungry. (hungry= adjective)
  2. We are at home. (at home= adverb of place)
  3. It is 4 PM. (4 PM= adverb of time)

NOTE: in a sentence using Simple Present Tense, the “base form” of verb is NOT used in the same clause as the verb “be”.

Look at these examples: “I’m work in a bank.” or “I’m work an engineer.” These 2 sentences are WRONG. Can you correct them?

Answer by @Rajesky: “I work in a bank.” “I’m an engineer.”

Admin: Correct! (with some revisions from me on capitalization and punctuation)

Still confused and want to see more examples? I’ve found this useful page you can bookmark and read: Present Simple Tense.

Now let’s end this session with an #EngQuiz on Simple Present Tense. How to join: each sentence contains mistake(s). Please correct them!

  1. I’m study English every night.
  2. He don’t have any money.
  3. It is happen all the time.
  4. What is this woman want?
  5. It’s mean so much to me.
  6. Doesn’t it right?
  7. She speak good English.
  8. I’m live in the city.
  9. The book’s cost Rp 50,000.
  10. I wants cheeseburger, please.

ANSWER KEY:

  1. @FakeSHITake: 1) I study English every night.
  2. @JessiaKhalis: He doesn’t have any money.
  3. @alfiiiii_: 3) It happens all the time.
  4. @shalalaaaa: What does this woman want?
  5. @dilafd: It means so much to me.
  6. @anitrii: Isn’t it right?
  7. @asmiainayah: 7) She speaks good English.
  8. @hilgaclara: I live in the city.
  9. @afif_alhad: (9) The book costs Rp. 50,000.
  10. @anggaprasada: 10) I want cheeseburger, please.

Alright, that’s a wrap, fellas! Sorry couldn’t RT all your answers. If you’re still making mistakes, please: READ MORE + PRACTICE MORE. :)

Compiled by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on September 24, 2012

#EngQuiz: Change The Subject

Hi fellas! Are you ready for today’s session? We’ll do an extremely simple exercise today. I call it Changing Subject.

Here are 3 tips to complete today’s #EngQuiz:
1. There are 20 numbers,
2. Change ALL subjects to “She”,
3. Adjust the sentences to their new subject.

1. I am busy.

2. I am learning English.

3. I have a new book.

4. I live in the country.

5. I shall see you tomorrow.

6. I can understand you.

7. I must write a letter.

8. I may come next week.

9. I do a lot of work every day.

10. I did a lot of work yesterday.

11. I played football yesterday.

12. I bought a new coat last week.

13. I have had a letter from Toyib.

14. I was busy this morning.

15. I could play football very well when I was younger.

16. I always try to get up early.

17. I might see you next week.

18. I always enjoy a good film.

19. I had finished my work before you came.

20. I watch television every night.

ANSWER:

1. She is busy.
2. She is learning English.
3. She has a new book.
4. She lives in the country.
5. She will see you tomorrow.
6. She can understand you.
7. She must write a letter.
8. She may come next week.
9. She does a lot of work every day.
10. She did a lot of work yesterday.
11. She played football yesterday.
12. She bought a new coat last week.
13. She has had a letter from Toyib.
14. She was busy this morning.
15. She could play football very well when she was younger.
16. I always try to get up early.
17. I might see you next week.
18. I always enjoy a good film.
19. I had finished my work before you came.
20. I watch television every night.

Thank you all for your participation, fellas! Did you get all the answers right? Don’t worry if you made any mistake. From mistakes, we get to learn & improve :D

The #EngQuiz questions might look simple but the 20 questions tested your basic understanding of the tenses.

If you answered number 1, 3, 4, 9, 16, 18 & 20 correctly, you’ve understood how to form Simple Present Tense sentences.

Check out this link for our previous discussion on Simple Present Tense: http://t.co/BluFuxAE This tense is usually the first one you learn in any English tuition or courses. It is used when we wish to talk about habits, general truth, habits & routines.

If you answered #EngQuiz no. 2 correctly, you get how to form a Present Progressive sentence. Here’s a link on it: http://t.co/l2uX69pf

Present Progressive Tense is used when we’re talking about an activity in progress right now. For example: I am typing this tweet.

If you’re still confused about the difference between Simple Present Tense and Present Progressive Tense, have a look at these links: Simple Present http://t.co/BluFuxAE & Present Progressive http://t.co/l2uX69pf The latter talks about activities in progress, sedang berlangsung & berproses, right now.

Did you manage to answer #EngQuiz no. 5 correctly? The sentence was in Simple Future Tense [ http://t.co/rhDf1OC6 ] which is to describe an activity that is going to happen in the future. Do note that unlike ‘will’, ‘shall’ can only be used for two subjects: I and We.

Did you get #EngQuiz no. 6, 7, 8 & 17 right? You’ve aced the use of modal auxiliaries! Read this http://t.co/x8z1NFKN for the complete list.

#EngQuiz no. 10, 11, 12, 14 are on Simple Past Tense. http://t.co/H2DEXN1j « Have a look at the link if you missed our discussion on it.

Hands up if you answered #EngQuiz no. 13, correctly! *hands up* The sentence is in Present Perfect Tense » http://t.co/LevPHtBi

Present Perfect Tense is used when you “meant” to say that ‘sebuah kegiatan SUDAH terjadi’. Check out the link for further explanation.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on September 11, 2012

#EngClass: Conditional Clause Summary

Howdy fellas! Did you follow our other articles on Conditional sentences? Have a look at these 3 links. You’ll need them to understand this article.

Link 1: #EngClass: Conditional 1
Link 2: #EngClass: Conditional 2
Link 3: #EngClass: Conditional 3

Now fellas! We’ve discussed all 3 conditionals. Hayo! Siapa yang masih bingung kapan kita pake conditional yang mana? Fear not fellas! @EnglishTips4u comes to the rescue. This time, admin will summarize all 3 conditionals. Hang on tight!

OOT & curcol dikit. Waktu admin pertama belajar conditional, kepala puyeng bukan main. Diagram ini yang bantu admin ngerti.

Conditional

Conditional ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Conditional 1 (Future – possible)

Conditional 1 pernah kita bahas di sini: #EngClass: Conditional 1
Coba perhatikan diagram berikut.

Conditional 1

Conditional 1 menyatakan:

“Andai (sekarang) aku… Aku akan…”

Ada yang sudah buka link di atas? Bagaimana cara membuat kalimat conditional 1?

“main clause in Future Tense –> if clause in present tense” – @fitridiot

“kalimat conditional 1 : if + present tense + future tense bukan?” – @nani_a2

Dari diagram, pernyataan & rumus kalimat, jelas sekali kita pakai Conditional Clause Type 1 saat kita berandai/menyatakan:

Kalau sekarang begini, nanti akan jadi begitu.

Coba ubah kalimat berikut ke Bahasa Inggris:

“Kalau (sekarang) aku beli ini, aku gak akan punya cukup uang untuk nonton film di bioskop.‪”
Answer:

“If I buy this, I won’t have enough money to watch a movie at cinema.” – @VFaradhika

Remember fellas!

Conditional 1: Main clause in Future Tense + IF clause in Present Tense. It’s all here.

Moving on!

Conditional 2 (Present – unreal)

Conditional 2 pernah kita bahas di sini: #EngClass: Conditional 2
Coba perhatikan diagram berikut.

Conditional 2

Conditional 2 menyatakan:

Andai (sebelumnya) aku… Sekarang ini, aku seharusnya/bisa saja/mungkin akan/mungkin bisa…”

Ada yang sudah buka link di atas? Bagaimana cara membuat kalimat conditional 2?

“Conditional 2 : if + past tense, past future tense. right min?” – @nani_a2

“main clause w/ Would should might could+V1, if+V2 (past tense)” – @fitridiot

Fellas contributions:

“If I were you, I would study hard.” – @cipputt
“If I were in UK, I would go to Old Trafford.” – @endahism
“I would tell the truth about the condition if he gave me back my silly cat.” – @ontinuruljannah
“If I had enough money, I would buy that new shirt.” – @IndraKrwan
“If I were you, I would buy car.” – @deansari

Wanna know more about Conditional Type 2? Click this.

Next!

Conditional 3 (Past – unreal)

Conditional 3 pernah kita bahas di sini: #EngClass: Conditional 3
Coba perhatikan diagram berikut.

Conditional 3

Conditional 3 menyatakan:

Andai (dulu) aku… Sebelum ini, aku pasti sudah/ bisa saja/ seharusnya sudah/ mungkin sudah…

Ada yang sudah buka link #EngClass: Conditional 3? Bagaimana cara membuat kalimat conditional 3?

Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + have + V3 + IF clause in Past Perfect Tense

Fellas contributions:

“If I had followed your TL earlier, I might have answered your question sooner.” – @dian_r_h
“I would have been angry to him if he had delivered my secret letter.” – @ryanmike13
“If you had come to the party last night, you would’ve met my boy.” – @sofyanlich
“If I had trained more, I might have been able to make it to the team.” – @masyoza
“If I had known you from the start, I might have accepted you to be my boyfriend.” – @ZarahChance
“If I had been a celebrity, I would have done a tour in Europe.” – @ZarahChance
“If I had learned the truth, I might have accepted that you’ve gone for long time.” – @hannathrs
“If I had followed @EnglishTips4U earlier, my english would have been better.” – @apriyannto
“If I had been ugly, I would have committed suicide.” – @Arnaka13

Have a look at this link for discussion and exercise on Conditional Clause 3.

Extra

There was also one question from a fella

“subject if clause dan subject main clause have to be the same atau engga min? :D” – @anafrich

Answer:

Not necessarily the same :) but do mind the tense of each clause :D
That’s a wrap fellas! I hope the article & diagrams help you understand the conditional clauses better.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 15, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngTips: Writing (1)

Topik #EngTips berikut ini diambil dari buku GCSE English Grammar oleh CGP, tapi sebenarnya tips-tips ini bisa diaplikasikan siapa saja. Saat menulis dalam bahasa Inggris, banyak hal yang harus diperhatikan, berikut beberapa yang admin bisa bagikan:

1. Perhatikan waktu

Sebaiknya Fellas mengetahui terlebih dahulu ‘waktu’ tulisan itu, sudah, sedang, atau akan terjadi. Mengapa? Karena di dalam bahasa Inggris ada tiga macam penulisan yang didasari oleh perbedaan waktu, yaitu

  • past tense (sudah terjadi),
  • present tense (sedang terjadi), dan
  • future tense (akan erjadi).

Selain itu, pelajari baik-baik setiap tenses yang ada (bisa dilihat di blog kami) sebab walaupun kita telah mengetahuinya dengan baik, terkadang masih terdapat kesalahan dalam penggunaannya. Kunci dari masing-masing tense tersebut dapat dilihat dari kata kerja (verb) yang Fellas gunakan

Contoh:

  • “”As they tried to get the sail up, they could hear distant splashes. Suddenly, they see a canoe.”

Dari kalimat di atas, “tried” dan “could” merupakan past verbs, sedangkan “see” merupakan present verbs. Jadi, “see” tidak bisa digunakan karena cerita ini sudah terjadi. Maka, jika memulai suatu kalimat dengan past tense, tetaplah menggunakan past tense dan verb. Jadi kalimat ini seharusnya:

  • “As they tried to get the sail up, they could hear distant splashes. Suddenly they saw a canoe.”

Note: SAW merupakan bentuk past dari SEE.

Contoh lain:

  • “Even though Piggy is annoying, Ralph ralised he is often right”

Lagi, disini terdapat kesalahan. “is” adalah present verb, sedangkan “realised” adalah past verb. Berhubungan kejadiannya terjadi saat ini, maka “realised” seharusnya diubah menjadi “realises.” Jadi, kalimat ini seharusnya:

  • “Even though Piggy is annoying, Ralph realises he is often right”

Note: “Realise” is British English while “realize” is American English. The book was made in Britain, so it used British English :)

So, stick to the same tense! Kedengaran gampang namun sebenarnya ya susah juga, maka jangan berhenti memperhatikannya.

Fella’s thought: “kalo tenses awalnya past, dicampur ke past perfect gitu boleh ga?” – @arbinuri:

Admin’s response: Selama itu sama-sama PAST tidak masalah

2. Hindari penggunaan ‘and’ terus menerus

Yap, yang satu ini sebaiknya dihindari.

“And,” artinya dan, merupakan kata yang menyambung antara dua kalimat pendek agar lebih panjang, sama seperti di bahasa Indonesia. Pemakaian ‘dan’ di dalam Bahasa Indonesia atau ‘and’ di dalam Bahasa Inggris yang berlebihan berkonsekuensi tulisan itu akan membosankan. Begitu juga dengan ‘and then’ di bahasa Inggris. Bagian paling penting daripada kalimat itu bisa hilang.

Contoh:

  • “An then we decided to go to the game but we couldn’t get in and we went home and we watched it on the television.”

Penggunaan “and” yang terlalu banyak juga membuat tulisan itu membingungkan. Maka. sda baiknya ada jeda diantara kalimat-kalimat yang itu, seperti titik (.). Pemisah ini maka akan membuat tulisan itu lebih dimengerti.

Contoh:

  • “Then we decided to go to the game, but we couldn’t get in. We went home instead and watched it on the television.”

Di samping itu, menurut buku ini,jika di ujian GCSE memakai ‘and’ terlalu banyak, kita bisa kehilangan 1 poin. Bahkan dikira oleh penguji tidak tahu bagaimana menulis kalimat yang benar, maka berhati-hatilah memakainya.

Fella’s thought: “Because using many “and” word show that u are lack of creativity.” –@astrimardiana:

Admin’s response: I couldn’t agree more :)

3. Kalimat panjang

Kalimat yang panjang selalu terlihat lebih pintar, tapi sebenarnya bisa membuat si pembaca bingung. Panjang boleh, tapi pastikan dapat dimengerti. Pastikan main point (poin penting) terlihat di setiap kalimat yang fellas tulis.

Contoh kalimat panjang:

  • “The monster crashed through the city, looking for Ellen and eventually found her in the park where she was sitting underneath a tree, where she’d been all day.”

Gimana fellas? Panjang banget kan? Terus bingung kan? Maksudnya apa ya?

Daripada membingungkan, sebaiknya jangan dipaksa untuk membuat kalimat terlalu panjang. Pendek tidak apa kok, yang penting jelas. Maka sebaiknya kalimat itu ditulis seperti ini:

  • “The monster crashed through the city, looking for Ellen. It found her in the park, sitting underneath a tree. She had been there all day.”

Lebih jelas bukan?

That’s it for the #EngTips on Writing that I can share for tonight, I hope it has been useful for all fellas :)

Compiled and written by @daedonghae at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, July 3, 2012.


RELATIVE POST(S):

^MD

#EngClass: Conditional 3

The topic of this article would be: Conditional 3. Are you ready?

Conditional sentences ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Kali ini kita bahas Conditional 3.

Conditional 3 menyatakan

“Andai (dulu) aku… Sebelum ini, aku pasti sudah/ bisa saja/ seharusnya sudah/ mungkin sudah…”

Kalimat ini menunjukkan pengandaian yang tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan. Bingung? Berikut contohnya:

  • “If I had had enough money, I would have flown to Australia last Christmas.”

Artinya:

  • “Kalau (dulu) uangku cukup, aku pasti sudah terbang ke Australia Natal tahun lalu.”

Resep Conditional 3:

Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + have + V3 + IF clause in Past Perfect Tense

Resep lain:

IF clause in Past Perfect Tense [comma] Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + have + V3

Masih bingung? Coba perhatikan contoh ini:

  • “If he had learned the truth, he might have cancelled the wedding.”

Artinya:

  • “Kalau dulu dia tahu kenyataannya, dia mungkin sudah membatalkan pernikahannya.”

Let’s try this:

  • If you (study) diligently, you (will) (pass) your exam.
    • Answer: “If you had studied diligently, you would have passed your exam.”
    • Artinya: Kalau dulu rajin belajar,(kemarin) kamu pasti sudah lulus ujian.

It’s not so hard after all, right? ;) Let’s do more exercise.

Practice

  1. If he (study) more, he (may) (get) a higher mark.
  2. If I (know) that you needed me, I (will) (come) at once.
  3. If she (save) her money, she (may) (be) able to go on a vacation aboard.
  4. If I (feel) better, I (can) (go) to the hospital with you.
  5. If they (have) time last holiday, they (will) (join) the tour to Disneyland.

Answer

  1. If he had studied more, he might have gotten a higher mark.
  2. If I had known that you needed me, I would have come at once.
  3. If she had saved her money, she might have been able to go on a vacation aboard
  4. If I had felt better, I could have gone to the hospital with you.
  5. If they had had time last holiday, they would have joined the tour to Disneyland.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 8, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngClass: Conditional 1

Di artikel ini kita akan berandai-andai. Yes, our topic is “Conditional.” Siapa saja yah yang pernah tanya?

Conditional sentences punya 2 bagian: klausa utama, klausa “if”. Masing-masing klausa punya Subject dan Verb sendiri.

Contoh:

  • “Andai aku punya banyak uang, Aku akan beli sebuah mobil.”
    • Penggalan kalimat yang berandai disebut klausa if (if clause) S: Aku V: Beli.
    • Penggalan kalimat yang akan terjadi bila “if clause” terjadi disebut klausa utama.

Conditional sentences ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Kali ini kita bahas Conditional 1.

Conditional 1 menyatakan

“Andai aku… Aku akan…”.

Kalimat ini mengandaikan sesuatu yang mungkin bisa terjadi di masa depan.

Contoh:

  • “Andai aku punya banyak uang (nanti), Aku akan beli sebuah mobil.”
  • “If I have a lot of money, I will buy a car.”

Kenapa conditional 1 disebut (future – possible)? Karena sesuatu yang kita harap terjadi di masa depan, mungkin saja terjadi. Maksudnya?

Contoh:

  • Siapa tau nanti aku punya banyak uang? Aku bisa aja punya bnyk uang di masa depan. Kalau terjadi, aku akan beli mobil.

Resep Conditional 1:

Main clause in Future Tense + IF clause in Present Tense

Contoh:

  • “He will make good grades IF he studies well.”
    • note: if clause diikuti present tense.

Resep lain Conditional 1:

IF clause in Present Tense [comma] Main clause in Future Tense

Contoh:

  • “IF he studies well, he will make good grades.”
    • note: if clause diikuti present tense.

Ayo kita coba:

  • “If she (work) hard, she (succeed).”
    • ubah verb di dalam tanda kurung
    • Answer: “If she works hard, she will succeed.”
      • Artinya: Kalau dia kerja keras, dia akan sukses.
      • note: if clause diikuti present tense

Alright! Let’s do the following exercises ;) Ready?

Practice

  1. If I (find) the key, I (give) it to you.
  2. If the weather (be) warm next Sunday, we (go) to Bandung.
  3. If father (turn) off the light, we (have) to sleep right away.
  4. If he (fail) the last test, he (have) to repeat the course.
  5. If I (have) time tomorrow, I (go) to the exhibition with you.
  6. If I (see) Jason, I (give) him your message.
  7. If the manager (call), I (speak) to him.
  8. If you (save) your money, you (be) able to go on a vacation.
  9. If he (arrive) on time, his teacher (not, get) angry with him.
  10. If it (get) colder, I (put) my jacket on.

Answer

  1. If I find the key, I will give it to you.
  2. If the weather is warm next Sunday, we will go to Bandung.
  3. If father turns off the light, we will have to sleep right away.
  4. If he fails the last test, he will have to repeat the course.
  5. If I have time tomorrow, I will go to the exhibition with you.
  6. If I see Jason, I will give him your message.
  7. If the manager calls, I will speak to him.
  8. If you save your money, you will be able to go on a vacation.
  9. If he arrives on time, his teacher will not get angry with him.
  10. If it gets colder, I will put my jacket on.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, June 6, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngClass: Conditional 2

Sebelum fellas baca bahasan di bawah ini, ada baiknya intip bahasan #EngClass: Conditional 1 dulu ya :)

Sambil baca bahasan #EngClass: Conditional 1, ayo coba jawab beberapa pertanyaan berikut:

  1. Apa topik dari link yang barusan admin sebut?
  2. Kenapa Conditional 1 disebut (Future – Possible)?
  3. Apa resep kalimat Conditional 1?

If you can answer all three questions correctly, I reckon you’re all ready for this article. Let’s start! This time, we’ll discuss Conditional 2.

Conditional sentences punya 2 bagian: klausa utama, klausa “if”. Masing2 klausa punya Subject dan Verb sendiri. Apa maksudnya “masing2 klausa punya Subject dan Verb sendiri”? Coba cek di bahasan #EngClass: Conditional 1.

Conditional sentences ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Kali ini kita bahas Conditional 2.

Conditional 2 menyatakan

“Andai aku… Sekarang ini, aku seharusnya/bisa saja/mungkin akan/mungkin bisa…”

Kalimat ini menunjukkan pengandaian yang tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan. Bingung? Berikut contohnya:

  • “Andai aku giat belajar, aku pasti akan lulus ujian.”
  • “If I studied diligently, I would pass the test.”
  • Tapi gak belajar, lulus?

Kenapa Conditional 2 disebut (present – unreal)? Karena kondisi yang diandaikan, tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan.

Contoh:

  • “Andai aku belajar” menunjukkan aku gak belajar, sedangkan ujian sudah terjadi. Jadi gak mungkin belajar lagi biar lulus, kan?

Resep Conditional 2:

Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + V1 + IF clause in Simple Past Tense

Contoh:

  • “He would make good grades IF he studied hard.”

Resep lain Conditional 2:

IF clause in Simple Past Tense [comma] Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + V1

Contoh:

  • “If he studied hard, he would make good grades.”

Catatan Penting:

  1. If clause Conditional 2 selalu diikuti verb Past Tense, kecuali “to be”. Gunakan “were” untuk if clause Conditional 2.
  2. Would – akan (will), Should – seharusnya (shall), Could – bisa (can), Might – mungkin (may).
  3. Main clause menggunakan Would/Should/Could/Might dan selalu diikuti Verb 1.

Ayo kita coba:

  • “If I (have) enough money, I (will, fly) to Europe.”
    • buat kalimat conditional 2 dan ubah verb di dalam tanda kurung.
    • Answer: “If I had enough money, I would fly to Europe.”
      • Artinya: Kalau aku punya cukup uang, aku akan ke Eropa.
      • if clause diikuti past tense

Ayo kita coba 1 lagi:

  • “If I (to be) there, I (can, carry) those boxes for you.”
    • buat kalimat conditional 2 dan ubah verb di dalam tanda kurung.
    • Answer: “If I were there, I could carry those boxes for you.”
      • Artinya: Kalau aku di sana, aku bisa mengangkat kotak-kotak untukmu.

Alright! Let’s do the following exercises ;) Ready?

Practice

  1. If my mother (to be) here, she (will, know) what to do.
  2. If they (work) harder, they (shall, get) better salaries.
  3. If this naughty student (know) more grammar, he (may, be) in next grade.
  4. If you (take) the noon-train, you (will, get to) Jogja about 4pm.
  5. If today (to be) Saturday, I (will not, have) to work.

Answer

  1. If my mother were here, she would know what to do.
  2. If they worked harder, they should get better salaries.
  3. If this naughty student knew more grammar, he might be in next grade.
  4. If you took the noon-train, you would get to Jogja about 4pm.
  5. If today were Saturday, I would not have to work.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngClass: Future Perfect Progressive Tense

Future Perfect Progressive bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang telah terjadi selama kurun waktu tertentu (akan sudah …. selama…)

Contoh:

  • He will have been working in the company for 10 years next Monday.”

Arti: Dia akan sudah bekerja di perusahaan itu selama 10 tahun hari Senin depan. Hari Senin depan adalah peringatan 10 tahun dia bekerja di perusahaan itu. Dia mulai bekerja 10 tahun sebelum Senin depan.

Pola kalimat positif

“S + will/shall/to be going to + have been + V -ing + for… .”

Dalam kalimat Future Perfect Progressive, ‘will’/’shall’ dan ‘to be going to‘ dapat dipakai secara bergantian.

Future Perfect Progressive menyatakan durasi pekerjaan/kegiatan saat kejadian lain terjadi di masa depan.

Contoh:

  • “I will go to bed at 10pm.”
  • “He will get home at midnight.”
  • “I will be sleeping at midnight.”

Jika digabungkan, klausa-klausa di atas dapat digunakan untuk membuat kalimat dengan Future Perfect Progressive, sehingga menjadi

  • I will have been sleeping for two hours by the time he gets home.”

Arti: Aku akan sudah tidur selama 2 jam waktu dia pulang.

Contoh lain:

Aku dulu tinggal di rumah lama. Aku pindah ke rumah baru tanggal 8 Februari 2010. Tanggal 8 Februari 2012 nanti, aku akan sudah 2 tahun tinggal di rumah baru.

Future Perfect Progressive:

  • “I will have been staying in this house for 2 years by next Wednesday (8th of February, 2012).”

Are y’all still with me? Let’s test.

“She will have been teaching for 6 years by next Saturday.” Jadi, kapan tepatnya (tanggal berapa) dia mulai mengajar?

Jawaban: Dia mulai ngajar tgl 11 February 2006.

Pola kalimat tanya

Will/shall + S + have been + V -ing + … + for … ? OR: To be + S + going to + have been + V -ing + … + for … ?”

Contoh:

  • “Will she have been teaching for 6 years next Saturday?” (Apa dia akan sudah mengajar selama 6 tahun, hari Sabtu depan?)

Jika ingin menanyakan durasi (sudah berapa lama) suatu pekerjaan/kegiatan sudah berlangsung pada suatu saat di waktu yang akan datang, umumnya digunakan kata tanya how long (berapa lama). Check out the following example.

  • “How long will you have been learning English this year?” [(Akan) Sudah berapa lama kamu belajar B.Inggris tahun ini?]

PRACTICE

1) “My sister went to Semarang two days ago. How long will she have been visiting Semarang by next Friday?” Can anyone answer?

Answer: She will have been visiting Semarang for seven days (one/a week) by next Friday.

2) “My cousins are at the karaoke centre. They started singing at 4. They’re still there.” How do you say: “mereka akan sudah menyanyi selama 5 jam, jam 9 malam nanti”?

Answer: They will have been singing for 5 hours by 9 o’clock.

Sekian topik Future Progressive Tense kita hari ini. Thanks for reading. :)

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, February 5, 2012.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

#EngClass: Future Perfect Tense

Hari ini kita akan membahas Future Perfect Tense.

Future Perfect Tense menggambarkan bahwa suatu pekerjaan akan sudah selesai di waktu tertentu di masa depansebelum suatu kejadian lain terjadi.

Terdapat beberapa pola kalimat dalam future perfect tense, yaitu

  • (+): S + will have + v3.
  • (-): S + will not have + v3.
  • (?): Will + S + have + v3 + ?

note: “will have” dapat digunakan untuk semua subjek (‘I,’ ‘you,’ ‘we,’ ‘they,’ ‘he,’ ‘she,’ ‘it’)

Contoh:

  • We will have visited Bali by April. (We will visit Bali in March. We will meet you in April.)

Apa perbedaan dari Future Tense dan Future Perfect tense? Keduanya terjadi di masa depan kan. Coba perhatikan contoh di atas.

Contoh 1: (Future Tense) We will visit Bali in March.

  • Arti: Kami akan mengunjungi Bali bulan Maret. Kapan (akan) pergi? Nanti, bulan Maret. Sekarang masih bulan Januari.

Contoh 2: (Future Tense) We will meet you in April.

  • Arti: Kita akan bertemu kamu bulan April. Kapan (akan) bertemu? Nanti, bulan April. Sekarang masih bulan Januari.

Contoh 3: (Future Perfect Tense) We will have visited Bali by April.

  • Arti: Kita akan sudah mengunjungi Bali bulan April nanti. Kapan ke Bali? Sebelum April.

Let’s try this one: What is the meaning of the following sentence?

“I will have finished all my work by the time I go out on a date tonight.”

Arti: Aku akan sudah menyelesaikan semua tugas/pekerjaanku waktu pergi kencan nanti malam.

Pertanyaan tambahan: Jadi, kapan tugas-tugasnya selesai?
Jawaban: Sebelum pergi nge-date nanti malam.


PRACTICE

Let’s do a lil exercise. Complete the following sentences with Future Perfect Tense of the verbs in the brackets, in full sentences.

  1. If you don’t make a note of that appointment, you ….. (forget) it by next week.
  2. By next week, I ….. (work) here 5 years.
  3. By this time next year, you ….. (forget) all you present troubles.
  4.  I’m sure they ….. (complete) the apartment in January next year.
  5.  She … (leave) by the time you get up.

ANSWER

  1. If you don’t make a note of that appointment, you will have forgotten it by next week.
  2. By next week, I will have worked here 5 years.
  3. By this time next year, you will have forgotten all you present troubles.
  4. I’m sure they will have completed the apartment in January next year.
  5. She will have left by the time you get up.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, January 29, 2012.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

#EngClass: Future Progressive Tense

Let’s continue our tenses topic with Future Continuous Tense or Future Progressive Tense.

Pola kalimat yang biasa ditemui dalam Future Continuous Tense adalah sebagai berikut,

  • (+): S + will/shall + be + V -ing + object/adverb.
  • (-): S+will/shall + not + be + V -ing + object/adverb.
  • (?): Will/shall + S + be + V -ing + object/adverb + ?

Future Progressive digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang akan sedang berlangsung di masa depan.

Future Progressive menyatakan bahwa subjek akan sedang melakukan sesuatu di masa depan, namun hal tersebut bukanlah sesuatu yang direncanakan/disengaja melainkan sebuah kebiasaan.

Contoh:

  • She will be jogging at the park tomorrow morning.” (Dia akan lagi jogging di taman besok pagi, itu memang sudah kebiasaan dia.)
  • My mom will not be doing the laundry at 6 this evening.” (Ibuku tidak akan lagi mencuci baju jam 6 nanti.)
  • She (my mom) will be cooking in the kitchen (at 6 this evening).” (Ibuku akan lagi memasak di dapur.)

 

Makna kalimat Simple Future Tense (SFT) sedikit berbeda dengan Future Progressive Tense (FPT). Perbedaan itu dapat diamati dalam hal-hal berikut ini,

1. FT menunjukkan adanya rencana/kesengajaan, sedangkan FPT menunukan kebiasaan atau kenyataan yang diketahui.

Contoh:

  • FT: “She will cook fried rice for lunch tomorrow.”
  • FPT: “She will be cooking fried rice for lunch tomorrow.”

Makna:

  • FT: Dia akan masak nasi goreng buat makan siang besok. Dia berencana (sengaja) masak nasi goreng besok.
  • FPT: Dia akan sedang masak nasi goreng buat makan siang besok. Dia biasa masak nasi goreng bwt makan siang hari Senin.

2. Pertanyaan FT bisa untuk menyatakan undangan/permohonan, namun pertanyaan FPT bermakna “Apa … akan…?”

Contoh:

  • FT: “Will you help him?” (Maukah kamu membantu dia?)
  • FPT: “Will you be helping him?” (Apa kamu akan membantu dia?)

Contoh lain:

  • FT: “Will you cook fried rice for lunch?”
  • FPT: “Will you be cooking fried rice for lunch?”

Makna:

  • FT: Bisakah kamu masak nasi goreng untuk makan siang? Kalimat ini menunjukkan permohonan (untuk dimasakkan nasi goreng).
  • FPT: Apa kamu akan masak nasi goreng untuk makan siang? Kalimat ini untuk menanyakan sesuatu, tidak bisa diartikan sebagai permohonan.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, January 15, 2012.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

#EngClass: Simple Future Tense

Simple Future Tense dipakai untuk menyatakan waktu yang akan datang. Ada 3 cara untuk menyatakan Simple Future Tense:

1) Present Progressive (to be + V -ing) 

Present progressive dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan Simple Future Tense, dengan keterangan waktu yang jelas.

Contoh:

  • I’m leaving tomorrow.”

Namun, tidak semua Present Progressive verbs dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan Simple Future Tense. Hanya ada beberapa Present Progressive verbs yang dapat digunakan dalam simple future tense, seperti ‘come,’ ‘leave,’ ‘arrive,’ ‘return,’ dan ‘go.’

Present Progressive juga dapat digunakan untuk menunjukkan kejadian yang direncanakan atau pasti akan terjadi.

Contoh:

  • He’s coming home next month.”

Artinya: “Dia akan pulang bulan depan,” atau “Dia merencanakan dan sudah pasti akan pulang bulan depan.”

2) “To be + going to + Verb 1”

Cara ini digunakan untuk menyatakan prediksi atau rencana. Penggunaan “to be going to” diutamakan untuk subjek yang berupa orang/manusia.

Contoh:

  • It is going to rain tonight.” (Diramalkan akan hujan malam ini.)
  • “I am going to buy a car.” (Saya berencana beli mobil.)

3) “Will/shall + Verb 1″ Ru

Rumus ini digunakan untuk menyatakan prediksi atau kemauan/kesediaan.Will’/’Shall’ tidak cocok untuk menyatakan rencana yang belum pasti.

‘Will’ bisa digunakan untuk semua subjek (‘I’, ‘you,’ ‘we,’ ‘they,’ ‘he,’ ‘she,’ it,’) sedangkan ‘Shall’ hanya digunakan untuk subjek ‘I’ dan ‘we’ dan umumnya hanya dipakai pada British English.

Contoh:

  • It will rain tonight.” (Diramalkan akan hujan malam ini.)
  • He will study hard.” (“Dia akan giat belajar, atas kemauan sendiri.” atau “Dia bersedia giat belajar.”)

PRACTICE

Let’s do a quick test.

Kalau admin bilang:

1) She will buy you a dress. Apa maksudnya:

  • (a) dia berencana membelikan baju, or
  • (b) dia bersedia membelikan baju?

Jawaban:

She will buy you a dress, berarti: Dia akan membelikan baju. Dia bersedia membelikan baju.”

2) Let’s try another one. Which one shows the future tense?

  • (a) The flowers are arriving.
  • (b) The flowers are arriving this afternoon.

Jawaban: (b).

Bedanya?

  • (a) (pesanan) bunga sedang datang, baru sampai.
  • (b) (pesanan) bunga akan sampai siang ini.

TAMBAHAN

Kapan will/shall menunjukkan “rencana tidak jelas” ataupun “kemauan/kesediaan”?

Untuk subjek yang bisa “berkemauan” (baca: orang), ‘will’ umumnya menunjukkan kesediaan/kemauan seseorang.

Jadi jika seseorang mengatakan: “I will come.” Artinya:

  • Dia akan datang,
  • Dia bersedia datang,
  • Dia berjanji datang.

Lain halnya untuk subjek yang tidak bisa “berkemauan” (baca: binatang, benda), ‘will’ umumnya menunjukkan perkiraan/prediksi.

Contoh:

  • “The black horse will win.”

Arti:

  • Kuda hitam akan menang.
  • Kuda hitam diperkirakan/diprediksi akan menang.
  • Apa kuda hitam bersedia/berkeinginan untuk menang? Tidak jelas ya.

Demikian juga dengan “It will rain today.” Kalimat tersebut dapat memiliki arti:

  • Hari ini akan hujan.
  • Diperkirakan/diprediksi hari ini akan hujan.
  • Belum pasti dan tidak “berkemauan”.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, January 8, 2012.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

#EngClass: Past Progressive Tense

Past Progressive atau Past Continuous dipakai untuk suatu kejadian/proses di masa lalu dan sedang berlangsung ketika kejadian lain terjadi di masa lalu.

Contoh: (Kemarin malam) Kamu sedang memasak makan malam. Di tengah kamu sedang memasak, telepon berbunyi. Contoh kalimat: You were cooking dinner when the phone rang.

Jadi apa bedanya dengan Past Tense?

Past Tense menyatakan sesuatu terjadi dan selesai di masa lalu -titik-, tanpa menyatakan kejadian lain.

  • Pola kalimat (+) Past Progressive:

S + was/were + Verb -ing.

  • Pola kalimat (-) Past Progressive:

S + was/were + not + Verb -ing.

  • Pola kalimat (?) Past Progressive:

Was/were + S + Verb -ing + … + ?

  • “Was” dipakai untuk subjek I dan he/she/it.
  • “Were” dipakai untuk subjek you/we/they.

Adverbs of time: when, while, as. When, while dan as berarti “ketika’.

When diikuti dengan kejadian yang menginterupsi.

Contoh:

  1. I was sleeping when he went to school.
  2. The sun was shining brightly when she woke up.

Perhatikan posisi Past Progressive Tense dan Past Tense dalam kalimat-kalimat di atas. When diikuti dengan kejadian yang menginterupsi.

While dan as diikuti dengan kejadian yang berproses.

Contoh:

  1. While I was sleeping, he went to school.
  2. As I was sleeping, he went to school.

Perhatikan posisi Past Progressive Tense dan Past Tense dalam kalimat-kalimat di atas. While dan as diikuti dengan kejadian yang berproses.

========

PRACTICE

========

Lengkapi kalimat-kalimat berikut dengan Past Progressive Tense dan Past Tense. Perhatikan posisi verb yang sesuai.

  1. It (rain) hard when they (leave) the party.
  2. She (get) sick while we (drive) to Bandung.
  3. She (fall) as she (get) into her car.
  4. Just as we (watch) the movie, some friends (call) us.
  5. I (call) home last night, but my sister (be, bot) at home. She (visit) her in-laws.

=======

ANSWERS

=======

  1. It was raining hard when they left the party.
  2. She got sick while we were driving to Bandung.
  3. She fell as she was getting into her car.
  4. Just as we were watching the movie, some friends called us.
  5. I called home last night, but my sister was not at home. She was visiting her in-laws.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on December 26, 2011

#EngClass: Past Perfect Tense

Hi, fellas!

Admin mau curhat sedikit.

Minggu lalu admin janjian buat ketemuan sama temen-temen di mall. Janjiannya sudah dari Rabu sebelumnya. Rencananya mau kumpul jam 11 pagi.
Gak disangka, admin malah telat bangun. Alarm yang di setel buat jam 9.30 ternyata gak sadar udah dimatiin. Akhirnya admin bangun jam 11.30.
Pas bangun, uda ada 15 miscall. Gawat deh pasti bakal disemprot abis-abisan. Akhirnya admin nyampe jam 1 siang. Sebagian temen malah udah pergi.

Nah admin cerita kejadian tadi soalnya bisa buat jadi bahan kelas hari ini. We’ll discuss Past Perfect Tense.

Past Perfect dipakai untuk menyatakan kejadian yang selesai di waktu lalu, sebelum kejadian lain terjadi di waktu lalu. … Bingung?

Coba ambil contoh dari cerita di atas yah:

  1. Alarm admin sudah padam SEBELUM admin bangun minggu lalu.
  2. Mereka sudah menelpon 15 kali SEBELUM admin bangun minggu lalu.
  3. Sebagian teman sudah pergi SEBELUM admin sampai.
  • Pola kalimat (+) Past Perfect Tense:

S + had + V3 + … .

Karena kejadian ke dua juga terjadi di waktu lampau, kejadian itu menggunakan Verb 2. Apa yang admin maksud dengan “kejadian ke dua”? Coba kita lihat contoh di bawah ini yah.

1) Coba kita translate contoh (1) ya:
Alarm admin sudah padam sebelum admin bangun minggu lalu.
Kejadian pertama: Alarm admin sudah padam. <— terjadi telebih dulu.
Kejadian kedua: Admin bangun tidur. <— terjadi setelah kejadian pertama.

Past Perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian pertama –> Alarm admin sudah padam. Contoh kalimat: Admin’s alarm had been turned off before she woke up last week.

2) Contoh(2): Mereka sudah menelpon 15 kali sebelum admin bangun minggu lalu. Contoh kalimat: They had called 15 times before she woke up last week.
Coba perhatikan posisi Past Perfect Tense dan Past Tense di kalimat di atas.

3) Contoh (3): Sebagian teman sudah pergi waktu admin sampai. Contoh kalimat: Some of them/several friends/some friends had left by the time she arrived.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on December 26, 2011

#EngClass: Present Perfect Progressive (negative and interrogative)

Hi, fellas! Sebelumnya kita sudah bahas Present Perfect Progressive dalam bentuk kalimat positive. Sekarang kita lanjut bahasan Present Perfect Progressive Tense (PPPT) dengan kalimat negative dan interrogative ya.

Seperti yang sudah bahas, PPPT  menyatakan sesuatu yang SUDAH terjadi di waktu lampau, DAN MASIH berlangsung/dilanjutkan.

Bentuk kalimat negative PPPT:

S + have/has + not + been + V -ing.

Contoh: They have not been complaining since yesterday.

Makna dari kalimat negative PPT dan PPPT agak berbeda. Perhatikan perbedaan makna kalimat-kalimat berikut.

(A) I haven’t played that game for years – PPT.

Makna: sudah bertahun-tahun SEJAK TERAKHIR KALI bermain game.

(B) I haven’t been playing that game for an hour – PPPT.

Makna: sudah main game dari tadi, tapi belum sampai satu jam DARI WAKTU MULAI bermain game.

(C) I haven’t been playing that game – PPPT.

Maksud: Saya TIDAK menghabiskan seluruh waktu (SEDARI TADI) bermain game.

Kalimat negative PPT menyatakan bahwa sesuatu belum terjadi lagi SEJAK TERAKHIR KALI TERJADI. Sedangkan kalimat negative PPPT menyatakan bahwa sesuatu belum terjadi SEJAK AWAL.

Kita coba yah: Aku dari tadi tidak masak makan malam.

S = Aku – I; V1 = masak – cook; V-ing = cooking; O = makan malam – dinner.

Jadi, susunan kalimat PPPT: I haven’t been cooking dinner.

Next, bentuk kalimat interrogative PPPT:

Have/has + S + been + V -ing?

Contoh: Have they been complaining?

Kalimat interrogative PPPT bisa dipakai untuk menanyakan:

  • Apa sudah dari tadi?
  • Sejak kapan?
  • Sudah berapa lama?
  • Habis melakukan apa?

Contoh 1: They’ve been complaining since yesterday. >> Since when have they been complaining?

Maksud: Sudah dari kapan mereka mengeluh?

Contoh 2: She has been playing that game for years. >> How long has she been playing that game?

Masud: Sudah brapa lama dia memainkan permainan itu?

Contoh 3a: He has been playing game. >> Has he been playing game?

Apa dia sudah dari tadi bermain game?

Atau bisa juga ditanyakan: What has he been playing?

Apa yang sedari tadi dia mainkan? Habis bermain apa dia?

Kita coba yah: Bersembunyi di manakah kamu dari tadi? Habis ngumpet di mana kamu?

S = kamu – you; V1 = ngumpet (sembunyi) – hide; V -ing = hiding; question word = dimana – where.

Jadi, susunan kalimat PPPT: Where have you been hiding?

========
PRACTICE
========

Ubah ke 5 kalimat ini menjadi: A) kalimat negative dan B) kalimat interrogative. Untuk kalimat interrogative, perhatikan apa yang ingin ditanyakan dalam tanda kurung. Jangan lupa cantumkan nomor soal, contoh 1A atau 1B, dan jawab dalam kalimat lengkap. Ready?

  1. They (study) French. (Sudah dari tadi kah?)
  2. She (wash) the car. (Apa?)
  3. You (wait) for her at the airport. (Dimana?)
  4. I (write) letters since this morning. (Sudah sejak kapan?)
  5. He (eat) for 2 hours non-stop. (Sudah berapa lama?)

=======
ANSWER
=======

  1. They haven’t been studying French. Have they been studying French? (Sudah dari tadi kah?)
  2. She hasn’t been washing the car. What has she been washing? (Apa?)
  3. You haven’t been waiting for her at the airport. Where have you been waiting for her?
  4. I haven’t been writing letters since this morning. Since when have you been writing letters? (Sudah sejak kapan?)
  5. He hasn’t been eating for 2 hours non-stop. How long has he been eating? (Sudah berapa lama?)

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on November 23, 2011