Category Archives: English

#EngTips: abbreviations used in speaking or texting

  1. gonna = is/am going to (do something). Example: I’m gonna call him now.
  2. wanna = want to. Example: I wanna speak to you.
  3. gotta = has/have got to (or have got). Example: I gotta go!
  4. ain’t = isn’t/haven’t/hasn’t. Example: He ain’t finished yet.; I ain’t seen him today.
  5. ya = you. Example: Do ya now what I mean?
  6. lemme = let me. Example: Lemme see… tomorrow’s a good time.
  7. gimme = give me. Example: Gimme your pencil
  8. kinda = kind of. Example: The baby’s kinda cute.
  9. whadd’ya = what do you… . Example: Whadd’ya mean, you don’t want to watch the game?
  10. whatcha (1) = what are you… . Example: Whatcha gonna do?
  11. whatcha (2) = what have you… . Example: Whatcha got there?
  12. shoulda = should have. Example: You shoulda done it!

Compiled by @ChatrineYK at  on August 25, 2011

#EngClass: Linking verb

Linking verb adalah kata kerja penghubung yang menghubungkan subjek dengan pelengkap yang menerangkannya. Linking verb juga dikenal dengan istilah ‘copulas’ atau ‘copular verb.’ Linking verb menyatakan suatu keadaan, bukan suatu aksi. Oleh karena itu, linking verb biasanya diikuti oleh adjective, bukan adverb.

Linking verb terbagi dalam 2 kelompok, yaitu:

  1. Verbs that are always linking verbs.
  2. Verbs that can be both action and linking verbs.

Berikut ini adalah linking verb yang selalu berfungsi sebagai linking verb:

  1. segala bentuk be (am, is, are, was, etc.)
  2. become
  3. seem

Sementara itu, linking verb yang dapat berfungsi sebagai action verb dan linking verb:

  • appear,
  • feel,
  • grow,
  • look,
  • prove,
  • remain,
  • smell,
  • sound,
  • taste,
  • turn.


subject + linking verb + information about the subject.


  1. “I am happy.”
  2. “She looks nice.”
  3. “The soup smells good.”

Lalu, bagaimana kita bisa mengetahui kapan suatu verb pada kalimat tertentu berfungsi sebagai linking verb atau action verb? Jika kita bisa mengganti verb tersebut dengan “is, am, are” dan artinya masih terdengar masuk akal, maka ia adalah linking verb. Jika setelah diganti, arti dari kalimat tersebut tidak terdengar masuk akal, maka ia berfungsi sebagai action verb. Contoh:

  1. “My dog Oreo felt the wet grass beneath her paws.”
    • Is Oreo the wet grass? No. “Felt” di sini berfungsi sebagai action verb.
  2. “The chicken mushroom pizza smells heavenly.”
    • The pizza is heavenly? Yes, definitely! “Smell” berfungsi sebagai linking verb.

Compiled by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4Uon Tuesday, August 2, 2011

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#EngTrivia: weird English words

We know that English is a wonderful language. However, there are some weird English words that come from many other languages.

Have you ever heard of ‘erinaceous’? It means like a hedgehog.

Another word is ‘floccinaucinihilipilification’. It means estimation that something is valueless.

How about ‘selcouth’? It means unfamiliar, rare, strange, wonderful. Example: The List Universe is such a selcouth website!

We all know that the day before yesterday is ‘kemarin lusa’ in Indonesian. There is also one word for this sentence in English. It is ‘nudiustertian’.

There’s also ‘mungo’. Mungo is a dumpster diver – one who extracts valuable things from trash.

And last but not least, you can call a weak or foolish person ‘pronk’.

Compiled by at on August 20, 2011

#EngTips: the determiners = the, a, an

What are determiners actually? Those are words placed in front of a noun to make it clear what the noun refers to. There are several classes of determiners.

For today’s lesson, we will discuss definite and indefinite articles: ‘the’, ‘a’, and ‘an’.

Let’s start with the definite article: ‘the’. ‘The’ can be used in many ways.

  1. To refer to something which has already been mentioned. Example: I just bought an umbrella. — Then you forgot and ask your friend: Where is the umbrella?
  2. When both the speaker and listener know what is being talked about. Example: Where is the bathroom? | It’s on the first floor.
  3. In sentences or clauses where we define or identify a particular person or object. Example: My house is the one with a red door.
  4. To refer to objects we regard as unique. Example: the sun, the moon, the world.
  5. Before superlatives and ordinal numbers. Example: the first page, the last chapter.
  6. With adjectives, to refer to a whole group of people. Example: the Indonesian.
  7. With names of geographical areas and oceans. Example: the Caribbean, the Sahara.
  8. With decades or groups of years. Example: She grew up in the eighties.

How about the indefinite articles: ‘a/ an’?

You can use ‘a’ with nouns starting with a consonant and use ‘an’ with nouns starting with a vowel. Example: a boy, an apple, a surgery, an officer.

However, there are some exceptions.

  • You use ‘an’ before an ‘h’ mute: an hour, an honour.
  • And you use ‘a’ before ‘u’ and ‘eu’ when they sound like ‘you’: a European, a university, a unit.

You can use the indefinite article in many ways too.

  1. To refer to something for the first time. Example: I’ve finally got a great job.
  2. To refer to a particular member of a group or class. Example: Mary is a doctor. She’s such a beautiful girl.

Don’t forget that there are some exceptions in using the definite article. There is no article for following situation.

  1. Names of countries (if singular). Example: He’s just returned from Indonesia.
  2. Names of languages. Example: Chinese is a pretty difficult language.
  3. Names of meals. Example: Dinner is in the evening.
  4. People’s names (if singular). Example: Andrew is my uncle. We’re having lunch with’ the’ Morgans tomorrow.
  5. Titles and names. Example: President Obama is going to Jakarta. ‘The’ Pope.
  6. After the ‘s possessive case. Example: His sister’s bag.
  7. Professions. Example: He’ll probably go into medicine.
  8. Names of shops. Example: I’ll get the card at Century.
  9. Years. Example: Do you remember 1998?
  10. Uncountable nouns. Example: War is destructive.
  11. Names of individual mountains, lakes, and islands. Example: Have you visited Lake Toba?
  12. Most names of towns, streets, stations, and airports. Example: She lives in Florence.
  13. Some fixed expressions. Example: by car, by train, on holiday, at work, in bed, etc.

Compiled by at on August 19, 2011

#EngTrivia: English fun facts (1)

  1. ‘Rhythm’ is the longest English word without a vowel.
  2. The word ‘queue’ is the only word in English language that is still pronounced the same way when the last 4 letters are removed. 
  3. There are only 4 English words in common use ending in ‘-dous.’ They are hazardous, horrendous, stupendous, and tremendous. 
  4. ‘Underground’ is the only word in the English language that begins and ends with the letters ‘und.’
  5. Only two English words in current use end in ‘-gry.’ They are ‘angry’ and ‘hungry.’
  6. Of all the words in the English language, the word ‘set’ has the most definitions. 
  7. There are more than 125 English dialects worldwide: Each dialect uses English in its own way, from pronunciation to construction.


Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at  on Tuesday, August 16, 2011


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#EngClass: Non-progressive vs. progressive verbs

What is a “nonprogressive verb”? Sebelumnya mari kita bedakan verb (kata kerja) ke dalam 2 kelompok: nonprogressive dan progressive

  1. nonprogressive verb adalah verb yang tidak bisa digunakan dalam bentuk progressive (bentuk -ing).
  2. progressive verb adalah verb yang bisa digunakan dalam progressive (bentuk -ing).

Mengapa demikian? Karena nonprogressive menyatakan existing state (keadaan yang ada) sementara progressive  menyatakan activity (kegiatan).


  1. nonprogressive:
    •  “I love you.” (love = a state)
  2. progressive:
    •  “She is watching a movie.” (watching = an activity)

Ingat, yang dimaksud dengan “state” adalah kondisi yang ada dan tidak menjelaskan aktivitas yang sedang berlangsung.

Berikut ini adalah 5 kategori nonprogressive verbs yang umum digunakan:

  1. mental state (keadaan mental):
    • “know,” “realize,” “understand,” “believe,” “think,” “feel,” “suppose,” “imagine,” “doubt,” “recognize,” “remember,” “forget,” “want,” “need,” “prefer,” “mean,” etc.
  2. emotional state (keadaan emosional):
    • “love,” “like,” “appreciate,” “hate,” “dislike,” “fear,” “envy,” “mind,” “care,” etc.
  3. possession (kepemilikan):
    • “possess,” “have,” “own,” “belong.”
  4. sense perceptions (persepsi indera):
    • “taste,” “smell,” “hear,” “feel,” see.
  5. other existing states (jenis keadaan yang lain):
    • “seem,” “look,” “appear,” “cost,” “owe,” “weigh,” “be,” “exist,” “consist of,” “contain,” “include.”

Selain nonprogressive verbs yang sudah pasti tadi, ada beberapa verb yang bisa digunakan sebagai nonprogressive maupun progressive, tetapi dengan arti yang berbeda. Contoh dari beberapa verb itu adalah:

  • “think,” “have,” “taste,” “smell,” “feel,” “see,” “look,” “appear,” “weigh,” “be.”

Mari kita lihat perbedaannya dalam contoh:

  • I think grammar is easy.” (think = a state = nonprogressive)
  • I’m thinking about this lesson.” (thinking = an activity = progressive)

Compiled and written by at on Sunday, August 14, 2011



#EngGame: solve these riddles (2)

  1. It’s the beginning of eternity; the end of time and space; the beginning of every end; and the end of every place. What is it?
  2. Which letter is not me?
  3. The person who makes it, sells it. The person who buys it never uses it. The person who uses it doesn’t know they are. What is it?
  4. The more you have of it, the less you see. What is it?
  5. What kind of pet always stays on the floor?
  6. It is greater than God and more evil than the devil. The poor have it, the rich need it and if you eat it you’ll die. What is it?
  7. What letter of the alphabet has got lots of water?
  8. Forward I’m heavy, but backwards I’m not. What am I?
  9. What four letters frighten a thief?
  10. What is the word that everybody always says wrong?



  1. E
  2. U (you)
  3. coffin
  4. darkness
  5. carpet
  6. nothing
  7. C (sea)
  8. ton
  9. O I C U (Oh I see you!)
  10. wrong

Compiled by @EnglishTips4U on August 13, 2011

#EngQuote: English quotes (2)

  1. “You never have to change anything you got up in the middle of the night to write.” ~ Saul Bellow
  2. “The scariest moment is always just before you start.” ~ Stephen King
  3. “Ideas are like rabbits. You get a couple and learn how to handle them, and pretty soon you have a dozen.” ~ John Steinbeck
  4. “Writing is a way of talking without being interrupted.” ~ Jules Renard
  5. “Fiction is the truth inside the lie.” ~ Truman Capote

Compiled by at on August 13, 2011

#EngTrivia: Same word, different meanings in UK and US

The differences between British and American English are somehow interesting. A word can have different meanings. Here are some of the words that we found pretty funny.

  1. Bogey. Meaning:
    • In UK: dried nasal mucus.
    • In US: an unidentified aircraft, often assumed to be that of an enemy.
  2. Entrée. Meaning:
    • In UK: starter of a meal.
    • In US: main course of a meal.
  3. Fall. Meaning:
    • In UK: to become pregnant.
    • In US: autumn.
  4. First floor (of a building). Meaning:
    • In UK: the floor above ground level.
    • In US: the floor at ground level (sometimes).
  5. Intern. Meaning:
    • In UK: replacement.
    • In US: one temporarily employed for practical training.
  6. Redcap. Meaning:
    • In UK: a military police officer.
    • In US: a baggage porter (as at a train station).
  7. Through (time). Meaning:
    • In UK: for a period of time, during.
    • In US: up to, until.
  8. Mate. Meaning:
    • In UK: friend.
    • In US: spouse or partner.


Compiled and written by at on Friday, August 12, 2011

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#EngProverb: English proverbs (2)

  1. “A loaded wagon makes no noise.” – Really wealthy people don’t talk about money.
  2. “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.” – Working too hard and not taking the time to have fun is bad for you.
  3. “Hunger is a good sauce.” – All food tastes good when you are hungry.
  4. “However long the night, the dawn will break.” – Bad things don’t last forever.
  5. “An idle brain is the devil’s workshop.” – One who has nothing to do will be tempted to do many mischievous acts.
  6. “Faint heart never won fair lady.” – To succeed in life one must have the courage to pursue what he wants.
  7. “Strike while the iron is hot.” – Seize a good opportunity as quickly as possible.
  8. “Absence makes the heart grow fonder.” – One usually desires another more when he/she is far away.
  9. “Laugh and the world laughs with you.” – When someone is in a happy and cheerful mood, people like being with him.
  10. “He who hesitates is lost.” – If you delay your decision too long, you may miss a good opportunity.
  11. “A chicken and egg question.” – A mysterious question which can’t be answered.
  12. “Diligence is the mother of good fortune.” – Working hard will bring you riches and success.
  13. “Every man has his faults.” – No one is perfect.
  14. “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” – A small preventive treatment wards off serious problems.
  15. “An onion a day keeps everyone away.” – A humoristic version of “an apple a day…”. LOL :D
  16. “Haste makes waste.” – Things that are done in a hurry are usually done sloppily and may contain careless mistakes.
  17. “Old habits die hard.” – It is difficult to change a long-time habit.
  18. “Laughter is the shortest distance between two people.” – Laughter is the best way to break the ice between strangers/enemies.
  19. “What goes around, comes around.” – How you treat people is how you will eventually be treated.

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYKat on August 10, 2011

#EngClass: Sentence

A sentence is the major unit of grammar for language, especially in written form. A sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period or full-stop [.] or sometimes with a question mark [?] or a exclamation mark [!].

Still remember what a clause is, right? Simple sentence consists of one clause; and more than one clause in a complex sentence. There are four sentence types, they are:

  1. a statement
    • Example:
      • “I like you.”
      • “She didn’t know you’re here.”
      • “We are happy it’s Ramadan again.”
  2. a question
    • Example:
      • “Are you OK?”
      • “Can you hear me?”
      • “Did you call me when I was doing my homework?”
  3. an imperative
    • Example:
      • “Open the door.”
      • “Stop writing.”
      • “Don’t cheat during the test.”
      • “Eat a lot of vegetables.”
  4. an exclamation
    • Example:
      • “What a great idea!”
      • “Wow, that was awesome!”
      • “Congratulations!”
      • “How lucky you are!”

Compiled and written by  for  Saturday, August 6, 2011



#EngGame: synonyms, take the odd one out

Rules of the game:

  1. Choose the word that is NOT synonymous to the other words.
  2. Type the number of question as you answer.

For example:

  • 1) like 2) cherish 3) enjoy 4) fancy 5) popular
  • The ANSWER: 5) popular; not synonymous with 1) 2) 3) 4).

Let’s start!

  1. a) corrupt b) degrade c) demoralize d) deprave e) disgrace
  2. a) beneficial b) useful c) advantageous d) resourceful e) valuable
  3. a) kind b) nice c) good d) refined e) pleasant
  4. a) choose b) prefer c) rather d) select e) pick
  5. a) fellowship b) mentor-ship c) brotherhood d) companionship e) comradeship
  6. a) want b) fond c) desire d) wish e) crave
  7. a) type b) behavior c) fashion d) manner e) way
  8. a) posses b) have c) lose d) hold e) own
  9. a) likely b) possible c) potential d) workable e) imaginary
  10. 10) a) merry b) enjoyable c) happy d) cheerful e) joyful



  1. e) disgrace
  2. d) resourceful
  3. a) kind
  4. c) rather
  5. b) mentor-ship
  6. b) fond
  7. a) type
  8. c) lose
  9. e) imaginary
  10. b) enjoyable

Compiled and written by August 4, 2011

#EngClass: Adverb

Adverb dalam Bahasa Indonesia disebut sebagai kata keterangan atau tambahan. Salah satu contoh adverb adalah kata “slowly” dalam kalimat “I walk slowly.

Secara garis besar ada 2 fungsi utama adverb, yaitu:

Menambahkan informasi pada sebuah clause (klausa)

Informasi yang dimaksud adalah keterangan mengenai waktu atau tempat dari suatu tindakan. Fungsi adverb dalam kategori ini disebut sebagai adverbial.

  • Contoh:
    • I walk slowly.”
    • Adverb slowly” menambahkan informasi pada klausa I walk.

Menambahkan informasi pada sebuah kata lain

Keterangan pada sebuah kata yang dimaksud adalah adjective (kata sifat) atau pun adverb lain. Fungsi adverb dalam kategori ini disebut sebagai modifier.

  • Contoh:
    • “Extremely slowly.”
    • Adverb extremely” menambahkan informasi pada adverb slowly.

Berdasarkan artinya, terdapat beberapa jenis adverb. Berikut ini adalah 5 jenis adverb yang paling umum digunakan beserta contohnya:

  1. Adverb of manner. Artinya: keterangan menunjukkan bagaimana sesuatu dilakukan, seperti well, badly, how, quickly, slowly, hard, fast, etc.
    • Contoh: 
      • “He plays the piano well.”
  2. Adverb of place. Artinya: keterangan yang menunjukkan suatu tempat, misalnya up, there, here, above, upstairs, anywhere, somewhere, etc. 
    • Contoh:
      • “The book can be anywhere.”
  3. Adverb of time.  Artinya: keterangan yang menunjukkan waktu, seperti then, now, soon, recently, afterwards, today, yesterday, tomorrow, etc 
    • Contoh:
      • “She will finish her homework soon.”
  4. Adverb of degree. Artinya: kata keterangan untuk menunjukkan tingkatan atau intensitas, seperti very, so, too, really, quite, much, extremely, etc.
    •  Contoh:
      • “I really love you.”
  5. Adverb of frequency. Artinya:  keterangan yang menujukkan frekuensi atau seberapa sering sesuatu dilakukan, misalnya never, always, often, sometimes, generally, etc.
    • Contoh:
      • “I always play football twice a week.”

Adverb dapat ditempatkan di depan, tengah, atau belakang dalam sebuah kalimatBerikut ini adalah aturan peletakan dari masing-masing posisi adverb dalam sebuah kalimat:

  1. Untuk posisi di depan, letakkan adverb sebelum S (Subject) kalimat.
    • Contoh:
      • Usually I play football twice a week.”
  2. Untuk posisi di tengah, adverb dapat digunakan sesudah auxiliary yang pertama (be) atau sebelum verb (kata kerja).
    • Contoh:
      • “She is never late.”
  3. Untuk posisi di belakang, adverb diletakkan pada akhir clause.
    • Contoh:
      • “He plays the piano well.”


Compiled and written by  for  Tuesday, August 2, 2011

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#EngClass: Participial adjective

Kali ini kita akan membahas participial adjective. Apakah itu? Kalian pasti pernah mendengar kata “boring” dan “bored” kan?

Participial adjective adalah kata sifat yang diambil dari the past participle (-ed) dan the present participle (-ing).

Seringkali terdapat salah penggunaan antara the past participle dan the present participle dalam sebuah kalimat, seperti:

  • “I’m interested in English.” | “I’m interesting in English.”
  • “English is interesting.” | “English is interested.

Kata yang dibentuk dari the past participle (interested) menjelaskan apa yang dirasakan seseorang.

  • Contoh:
    • “Saya tertarik dengan Bahasa Inggris.” -> “I’m interested in English.”

“interested” menjelaskan bagaimana perasaan saya terhadap Bahasa Inggris.

Kata yang terbentuk dari the present participle (interesting) menjelaskan penyebab dari perasaan tertarik pada ‘saya.’ Dalam contoh di atas, penyebabnya adalah ‘bahasa Inggris’ dan kata ‘interesting’ menjelaskan bahwa suatu hal (bahasa Inggris) itu menarik.

Untuk membuat kalimat dengan menggunakan participal adjective dapat aturan penulisan sebagai berikut:

S + be + adjective


  • “I was surprised.”
  • “The news was surprising.”


1. I don’t like our new teacher. He really bores me. I think he is a (boring/bored) person.

2. I don’t understand these formulas. They are so (confusing/confused).

3. Have you heard about the latest news? I’m so (exciting/excited) to tell you!

4. I had never been to Raja Ampat before. But when I was there, I was really (fascinating/fascinated).

5. Everyone was (shocking/shocked) when they heard the minister’s corruption scandal for the first time.

6. I will never sing in front of the class again! It was so (embarrassing/embarrassed).

7. I feel very (tiring/tired) after the long trip.

8. I don’t think I can watch that movie. It’s so very (depressing/depressed).

9. Oh my goodness, look at the size of that cake! It’s very (tempting/tempted). I want to eat it!

10. She never really finished that work. I guess she’s already . . . (frustrating/frustrated) because of it.


Compiled and written by  for  on Friday, July 29, 2011

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#IOTW: Idioms using the word ‘Dog’

Do you like or have dogs? Apparently there are some English idioms that use the word ‘dog.’ Check them out and their meanings!

  1. Dog eat dog (in business, politics). Arti: situasi dengan persaingan yang kejam; orang bisa saling mencelakai untuk menang.
    • Contoh:
      • “It’s a dog eat dog world.”
  2. A dog in the manger. Arti: seseorang yang menghentikan orang lain menikmati sesuatu yang tidak bisa dia gunakan atau tidak ia sukai.
    • Contoh:
      • “Such a dog in the manger.”
  3. A dog’s breakfast/dinner. Artinya: kekacauan; sesuatu yang dikerjakan dengan buruk.
    • Contoh:
      • “You have made a dog’s dinner out of this work.”
  4. A dog’s life. Artinya: hidup yang tidak bahagia; penuh dengan masalah dan perlakuan tidak adil.
    • Contoh:
      • “I feel so depressed. It’s like living a dog’s life.”
  5. Let sleeping dogs lie. Artinya: jangan mencari kesulitan atau masalah.
    • Contoh:
      • “Leave him alone. Let sleeping dogs lie.”
  6. Every dog has his/its day. Arti: tiap orang pasti pernah merasakan sukses dalam hidupnya.
    • Contoh:
      • “I enjoy my life. I guess every dog has his day.”
  7. Rain cats and dogs. Arti: hujan yang sangat lebat.
    • Contoh:
      • “I can barely go out the whole day. It’s been raining cats and dogs.”
  8. Give a dog a bad name. Arti: adalah sangat sulit untuk menghilangkan reputasi buruk.
    • Contoh:
      • “Mind what you say. You already gave a dog a bad name.”
  9. Not have a dog’s chance. Arti: sama sekali tidak mempunyai kesempatan.
    • Contoh:
      • “That’s too bad. We haven’t got a dog’s chance to win the game.”
  10. The tail wagging the dog. Arti: situasi dimana hal kecil pada suatu hal mengontrol hal besar di dalamnya.
    • Contoh:
      • “It’s like the tail wagging the dog.”
  11. Can’t teach an old dog new tricks. Arti: kita tidak bisa sepenuhnya berhasil mengajak orang yang sudah tua mengubah ide atau cara kerjanya.
    • Contoh:
      • “My uncle doesn’t understand how to use a computer, although I taught him multiple times. I guess, I can’t teach an old dog new tricks.”
  12. Go to the dogs. Arti: jatuh ke dalam keadaan yang buruk atau terpuruk.
    • Contoh:
      • “The company has gone to the dogs since last year.”
  13. Treat somebody like a dog. Arti: memperlakukan seseorang tanpa rasa hormat sedikit pun.
    • Contoh:
      • “He treats his workers like a dog.”


Compiled and written by  for  on  Thursday, July 28, 2011.

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#USSlang: American slang (3)

  1. Da bomb. Meaning: Excellent, the best.
    • Example:
      • “He’s da bomb! I think he’s the best guitar player I’ve ever known.”
  2. Jock. Meaning: An athlete, particularly a male athlete.
    • Example:
      • “He’s a jock. He’s used to winning sport games.”
  3. Downer. Meaning: Something or someone that is depressing; anything that makes one sad.
    • Example:
      • “She’s a downer. I don’t like her around.”
  4. Blow it. Meaning: To lose or waste something; to do very poorly or fail miserably.
    • Example:
      • “Don’t blow it. This is your last chance.”
  5. Green thumb. Meaning: A special talent for gardening.
    • Example:
      • “Your garden in lovely. You must have a green thumb.”
  6. Know-it-all. Meaning: A person who thinks they know everything.
    • Example:
      • “It’s Mr know-it-all who can’t stop interrupting our speech.”
  7. Cold feet. Meaning: Loss of courage; fear.
    • Example:
      • “I always get cold feet every time I have to speak in front of public.”
  8. Raise the roof. Meaning: To have fun and make a lot of noise.
    • Example:
      • “The party is on. Let’s raise the roof.”
  9. HogMeaning: To selfishly claim all of something; to eat or take everything.
    • Example:
      • “Don’t hog the car. It’s not yours.”
  10. High five. Meaning: A way to say “Bravo!” or “Good job!” by slapping someone’s hand in the air.
    • Example:
      • “Great job! Give me high five!”

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, July 26, 2011

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#EngClass: Conditional sentences

First thing First. Dalam sebuah conditional sentence terdapat 2 clause (klausa) atau bentuk dasar kalimat, yaitu: if clause dan result clause.


If I have more money, I’ll buy a car.”

  • If I have more money” = if clause.
  • I’ll buy a car” = result clause.

Ada 4 jenis conditional sentence, masing-masing dengan fungsi yang berbeda, yaitu: zero, first, second, dan third conditional.

1. Zero conditional

Zero conditional digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang selalu benar (seperti contohnya kebenaran ilmiah). Struktur:

if clause (present simple), result clause (present simple)


  • If we heat ice, it melts.
  • Arti kalimat: “Jika kita menghangatkan es, es akan mencair.”
  • Hal ini merupakan sebuah kepastian yang tidak bisa diragukan.

2. First conditional

First conditional digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sesuatu yang benar terjadi saat ini atau di masa depan (true in the present or future). Struktur:

if clause (present simple), result clause (will/can + V1)


  • If I have more money, I’ll buy a car.
  • Kalimat contoh berarti: “Jika di masa depan saya punya lebih banyak uang, sangat mungkin sekali saya akan membeli mobil.”

3. Second conditional

Second conditional digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sesuatu yang tidak benar atau berlawanan dengan kenyataan saat ini (untrue in the present). Struktur:

if clause (past simple), result clause (would/could + V1)


  • If I had more money, I’d buy a car.
  • Kalimat contoh berarti: Kalau saja saya punya lebih banyak uang, saya akan membeli mobil. Pada kenyataannya saya tidak punya uang lebih.

4. Third conditional

Third conditional digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sesuatu yang tidak benar atau berlawanan dengan kenyataan di masa lalu (untrue in the past). Struktur:

if clause (past perfect), result clause (would have/could have + V3)


  • If I had more money, I could have bought a car.
  • Kalimat contoh berarti: Kalau saja dulu saya punya lebih banyak uang, saya bisa saja membeli mobil. Pada kenyataannya, dulu saya tidak punya uang lebih, maka saya tidak bisa membeli mobil.

Baiklah, sekian penjelasan. Admin akan memberi beberapa contoh kalimat lain (nomor sesuai dengan urutan jenis conditional sentence di atas).

  1. If you don’t eat, you’ll die. – If you don’t try, you will never know.
  2. If I meet the girl I like, I’ll ask her out. – If I do good at school, I will be happy
  3. If I had the guts, I’d ask her out. – If I had wings, I could fly.
  4. If I had had the guts, I would have asked her out. – If we had won, we would have brought the prizes.

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, July 25, 2011

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#EngQuote: English quotes (1)

  1. “Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. Anyone who keeps learning stays young.” – Henry Ford
  2. “You haven’t failed, until you stop trying” – Unknown
  3. “One must learn by doing the thing; for though you think you know it, you have no certainty, until you try.” – Sophocles
  4. “Every artist was at first an amateur.” – Ralph W. Emerson
  5. “Learning is never done without errors and defeat.” – Vladimir Lenin

Compiled by @EnglishTips4U on July 24, 2011