Category Archives: English

#EngVocab: Family Phrasal Verbs

Today we will learn about family phrasal verbs.
Do you know some useful phrasal verbs to talk about family?

Let’s start.

  1. Get together.
    Meaning: to meet in order to discuss something or to spend time together.
    E.g. “All the members of the family get together once a year.”
  2. Take after.
    Meaning: to look or behave like an older member of your family.
    E.g. “Your daughter doesn’t take after you at all.”
  3. Put up with.
    Meaning: tolerate or accept someone with unpleasant behaviour.
    E.g. “His wife must have been a saint to put up with him all those years.”
  4. Get along with.
    Meaning: to have a friendly relationship with someone.
    E.g. “I don’t really get along with my sister’s husband.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, May 10, 2010.

#EngVocab: Other Ways to Say ‘Tired’

Today we will learn about other ways to say ‘tired.’
Do you know some substitutes of ‘tired?

Let’s start.

  1. Debilitated.
    Meaning: in a severely weakened state.
    E.g
    “This treatment will debilitate her for several weeks.”
  2. Enervated.
    Meaning: feel drained of energy or vitality.
    E.g.
    “Getting locked in the small room for a long time enervated her to the point of collapsing.”
  3. Bushed.
    Meaning: extremely tired, exhausted.
    E.g.
    “That project completely bushed him.”
  4. Knackered
    Meaning: to be thoroughly exhausted or worn out.
    E.g.
    “I was knackered at the end of the competition.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, March 29, 2020.

#EngVocab: Other Ways to Say ‘Dirty’

Today we will learn about other ways to say ‘dirty.’
Do you know some substitutes of ‘dirty’?

Let’s start.

  1. Cruddy.
    Meaning: dirty, unpleasant, or of low quality.
    E.g
    “The seller gave my brother-in-law a really cruddy bag.”
  2. Mucky.
    Meaning: dirty and messy; covered with or consisting of dirt or filth.
    E.g.
    “The tables in the restaurant are mucky because fewer employees work in the weekend.”
  3. Unkempt.
    Meaning: having an untidy or disheveled appereance.
    E.g.
    “He woke up late so he went to work unkempt.”
  4. Scuzzy.
    Meaning: dirty, shabby, or foul in condition or character.
    E.g.
    “We went to his scuzzy room in the apartment.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, April 12, 2020.

#IOTW: Idioms about job

Today we will learn about job idioms.
Do you know some idioms about job?

Let’s start.

  1. Move up in the world.
    Meaning: to become more successful; have more money or better social position.
    E.g. “My boss moved up in the world after that big project.”
  2. Off the hook.
    Meaning: no longer in trouble; have escaped from difficult situation.
    E.g. “The servant was so miserable so my aunty let her off the hook.”
  3. Burn the candle at both ends.
    Meaning: working long hours without rest; working late into the night and beginning again early in the morning.
    E.g. “You can’t burn the candle at both ends forever. You have to enjoy life.”
  4. Learn the ropes.
    Meaning: learn how to do a particular job or task.
    E.g. “They must learn the ropes before they start the community service “

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, April 26, 2020.

#EngVocab: Other Ways to Say ‘Stink’

Today we will learn about other ways to say ‘stink.’
Do you know the synonyms of ‘stink’?

Let’s start.

  1. Stench.
    Meaning: a strong and very unpleasant smell.
    E.g.
    “The stench of the rotten meat rose into the air.”
  2. Effluvium.
    Meaning: a smelly gas, vapor, or an exhalation.
    E.g.
    “The effluvium from the experiment made the student cover their nose.”
  3. Miasma.
    Meaning: a highly unpleasant or unhealthy vapor rising from the ground or other source.
    E.g.
    “Miasma from the polution hung in the air above the city.”
  4. Fetor.
    Meaning: a strong offensive smell.
    E.g.
    “The mixture aromatic herbs burning became a fetor with healthful fragrance.”
  5. Mephitis
    Meaning: a noxious or foul-smelling gas or vapour.
    E.g.
    “The mephitis permeated the air and spread to the whole room.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, February 2, 2020.

#EngVocab: Other Ways to Say ‘Clumsy’

Today we will learn about other ways to say ‘clumsy.’
Do you know the synonyms of ‘clumsy’?

Let’s start.

  1. Gawky.
    Meaning: nervously awkward and ungainly.
    E.g. “Her metamorphosis from a gawky teenager to a mature young woman happened so quickly.”
  2. Cloddish.
    Meaning: foolish, awkward, or clumsy.
    E.g. “However fashionable his clothes, he always looks cloddish.”
  3. Inept.
    Meaning: having or showing no skill; clumsy.
    E.g. “My brother is quite inept at sports.”
  4. Maladroit
    Meaning: awkward in movement or unskilled in behaviour or action.
    E.g. “The maladroit driver almost caused an accident.”
  5. Bungling.
    Meaning: to do something wrong by many clumsy mistakes, in a careless or stupid way.
    E.g. “If he keeps bungling, he will lose the job.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, February 20, 2020.

#EngVocab: Other Ways to Say ‘Rude’

Today we will learn about other ways to say ‘rude.’
Do you know the synonyms of ‘rude’?

Let’s start.

  1. Churlish.
    Meaning: rude in a mean-spirited and surly way.
    E.g. “It would be churlish to refuse such a generous offer.”
  2. Derogatory
    Meaning: showing a critical or disrespectful attitude.
    E.g. “I didn’t like the way he made derogatory comments about his classmate.”
  3. Curt.
    Meaning: rudely brief in speech or abrupt in manner.
    E.g. “His tone was curt and unfriendly.”
  4. Crass.
    Meaning: behaving in a stupid and offensive way without considering how other people might feel.
    E.g. “My aunt made crass comments about my worn-out clothes.”
  5. Impertinent
    Meaning: rude and not showing respect, especially towards someone older or in a higher position than you
    E.g. “The new employee is an impertinent young woman.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, March 1, 2020.

#EngTips: How to learn English quickly (5 Tips)

Hello fellas, Do you want to learn English quickly? Learning English fast can seem impossible. But today, we will discuss and tell you that it isn’t as long as you have the right strategy.

So, lets start to learn English quickly with the right strategy, here there are:

  • Read Everything about English

The first strategy is to read everything about English you can get your hands on. Classic literature, newspapers, websites, emails, your social media feed etc. These contents will be full of new vocabulary, grammars and idioms. This is good for you to enrich your vocabulary.

  • Talk with Real Live Humans

Fellas, language is for communicate, so the second strategy to learn English quickly is talk with real live humans. You have to seek out native speakers for an informal language exchange, so you will learning English appropriately. You also can enroll in a course or taking English classes online.

  • Subscribe to Youtube Channels (in English)

The next strategy is very recommended for you. This is so easy and fun to do. There is an English Youtube channel out there for you. You have to subscribe and listen while driving, watch during the commute to school or work, or anythime when you at home.

In the first time seeing them, you might find the native accents difficult, but after that you will soon start to understand it. Find a native speakers youtuber who came from your country too.

  • Go Abroad

Do you like travelling? You also can learn English quickly from your travelling activities. Make sure that the country do you want to visit is an English countries. Think about New Zealand, Australia, the UK, Canada and USA.

  • Don’t Kick Yourself while youre down

May be learning English is need a time for some people. When you start feel like nothing progress in your English, don’t say “ I don’t speak English”. Better say “I’m learning English and making improvements everyday”. Learning and practice doesn’t make youre down in English.

That’s all for today fellas, See you tomorrow!

Compiled by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, 11 March 2020

#EngTalk: Generation Equality

Hi, hello, everyone! How are you doing today? Yesterday, we celebrated the International Women’s Day so this article will be related to it.

As we know it, the theme for this year’s International Women’s Day is ‘I Am Generation Equality: Realizing Women’s Rights.’ So what do you think about the theme, fellas?

calendar conceptual data date
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

For me, equality is about no discrimination towards someone regardless of whether the person is a male or female. The same opportunity, the same appreciation, and consequently, the same responsibility. I’d love to read your thoughts about it. I think I was fortunate to grow up in an environment that emphasises how women should be encouraged and supported to be the best version of themselves and I think everyone should have the same chance. Do you agree, fellas?

We have made progress, but there’s still so much to do to ensure that we could become the generation equality. I will start with promoting a safe environment for women to live in and to thrive, be it in a family, at school, or at the workplaces. The work that needs to be done is not necessarily exclusive to one type of sex or gender. We should always respect, support, and care about each other.

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 9 March 2020.


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#GrammarTrivia: Be + To Infinitive

Hello, fellas. In this session we will learn how to use be + to infinitive.

Be + to infinitive is used to express formal or official arrangements or to give formal instructions or orders.

Examples:
1) The Prime Minister is to visit Indonesia next month. (formal or official arrangements)
2) All students are to attend the class. (formal instructions or orders)

The structure is often used in newspaper, radio and television reports to talk about future events and expresses near certainty.

Examples:
1) The government is to increase tobacco duty.
2) A man is to appear in court this morning charged with the murder of the footballer.

Be + to infinitive is commonly used in conditional sentences to express a precondition.

Examples:
1) They will have to study hard if they are to pass the exam.
2) If I am to catch the train, I shall have to go now.

Sources:
BBC Learning English, https://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv103.shtml
English Practice, Be + infinitive, https://www.englishpractice.com/improve/infinitive/
Grammaring, BE + TO-infinitive, https://www.grammaring.com/be-to-infinitive

Compiled and written @fathrahman for @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, March 3, 2020

#UKSlang: Slang in Harry Potter Books

Who here is a Harry Potter fan? Even though the books and movies were all released, except for the Fantastic Beasts, I’m feeling a little flashback to Hogwarts. We are sharing some slang used on Harry Potter books.

JK Rowling

 

“Bloody hell!”
We know this one to be used a lot by Ron. It is a common expression in Britain, Australia, and New Zealand. It could express a lot, from surprise to disgust to anger, etc.

Bloody hell

 

“Blimey.”
A popular British word to express surprise. Similar to ‘wow.’

“Bollocks!”
This is a word we should not use carelessly, as it means male genitalia parts. However, it’s used in the same way as ‘nonsense.’

“Codswallop!”
Also means ‘nonsense.’

“Git.”
Somewhat derogatory, git is used to describe a foolish person. Hagrid used it once to refer to Mr Filch.

Mr Filch

 

“Mental.”
Meaning crazy or insane.

Mental

 

“Peckish.”
The feeling of small hunger, wanting to eat but not quite hungry yet.

“Snog.”
To kiss passionately, to make out.

 

Feel free to add more on the comment section below!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 5 March 2020.


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#EngTrivia: Ways to Express Condolences

Fellas, have you ever tried comforting someone who has just lost his/her/their loved ones? What do you usually do or say on such occasion?

selective focus photography of red petaled flower
Photo by Azim Islam on Pexels.com

When someone has just lost someone he/she loves, it is tempting to say something that goes like, “When I lost (insert our loved ones) this is what happened/this is how it went.”

We might think that by saying it, it could help the other person to realise that he/she is not alone. However, a tragedy is a tragedy, whether it happens to us or to someone else. Therefore, refrain from saying something like that as it can be perceived that we are comparing other people’s misery to ours.

We should also avoid saying, “It’s a part of life/it will get better soon/you will feel better soon,” because it could mean that we are trivialising the other person’s loss.

It is also not advisable to ask a grieving person, “Are you okay?” or “How are you feeling?” because of course losing someone we love will never feel okay. This is crucial especially if you are considering to become a journalist who covers the life of famous people.

So what can we do to express our condolences?
Say something that offers sympathy and understanding.
E.g.:
“I’m sorry for the passing of your…”
“I’m sorry for your loss.”
“This must be hard for you.”
“Our sincere sympathy for you and your family.”

Say something that offers help.
E.g.:
“I’m here if you need anything.”
“Take a rest while I take care of everything else.”

Be there for the grieving person.
If it is possible for you to be present, be there for the grieving person. Often a person who has just lost someone he/she loves needs time to process the grief and it is not an easy process. It also doesn’t finish overnight. Be a moral support by ensuring the said person gets enough rest or eat healthy food and try not to exhaust them with the necessity of making a decision.

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 26 February 2020.


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#EngKnowledge: Word of the Year

Hi, fellas, did you know that Oxford Dictionaries’ Word of the Year 2019 is ‘climate emergency?’

We face more and more weather and climate-related crisis every year, so it is natural that people all around the world are getting more curious about the term ‘climate emergency’ and decided to look it up on the dictionaries.

As defined by Oxford Dictionaries, climate emergency is “a situation in which urgent action is required to reduce or halt climate change and avoid potentially irreversible environmental damage resulting from it.”

But what is ‘Word of the Year’ and how did this tradition start?

words text scrabble blocks
Photo by Skitterphoto on Pexels.com

 

Word(s) of the Year refers to any of various assessments as to the most important word(s) or expression(s) during a specific year.

The first known version of this tradition is the German one, Wort des Jahres, which was started in 1971. The American Dialect Society is the oldest English version, started in 1991. By early 2000s, a lot of organisations began to announce their versions of Word(s) of the Year for various purposes and with various criteria for the assessment.

Oxford Dictionaries’ Word of the Year for the last five years are:

2015: Face with tears of joy emoji or laughing-crying emoji, the first emoji to have ever been selected.
2016: Post-truth.
2017: Youthquake.
2018: Toxic.
2019: Climate emergency.

The American Dialect Society also chose the Word of the Decade, which is ‘web’ for 1990s, ‘to google’ for 2000s, and singular ‘they’ for 2010s. According to the Society, the Word of the 20th century is jazz and the Word of the Past Millennium is ‘she.’

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 20 February 2020.


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#GrammarTrivia: Objects of Prepositions

Hello, fellas. This session is about objects of prepositions. They are objects following prepositions in prepositional phrases.

Common prepositions are:
about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, by, despite, down, during, for, from, in, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, over, since, through, throughout, till, to, toward(s), under, until, up, upon, with, within, without

(More on prepositions: https://englishtips4u.com/2011/09/17/engclass-prepositions/)

The object of a preposition is a noun, pronoun, gerund, or noun clause. Objects of prepositions are not the subject of a sentence.

Examples:
1) The student comes to the library.
2) They studied together without you.
3) She is interested in learning English.
4) The teacher is thinking about what he can do to motivate her students.

Sources:
Betty Schrampfer Azar, Understanding and Using English Grammar: Third Edition
Deborah Phillips, Longman Complete Course for the TOEFL Test

Compiled and written by @fathrahman for @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, Februari 18, 2020

#ENgvocab: Sick, ill, pain, Aiche, hurt and injury

Hello fellas, How was your day?

Let’s imagine, if you are a Doctor, what would you ask for your patience when they coming to check up?

Yes, you can ask: “What do you have”? or “What’s wrong”?

According to that situation, Today we will discuss #EngVocab Sick, Ill, Pain, Ache, Hurt and Injury in the sentences. Let’s get started!

  1. Sick and ill are adjectival. These words are similar in meaning.

E.g:

I feel ill.

I feel sick.

We also can use Sick in this sentence:

E.g: ” I’m so sick of this song. Can you turn it off“?

2. Pain and Ache are nouns.

E.g:

I have pain in my arm“.

My whole body feels painful“.

We only use Ache, when the words are connected.

E.g:

I have a headache and a stomach ache and a backache“.

3. Hurt is a verb. It is used to show your sick feeling

E.g: ” Aw, that hurts! Don’t touch me there“.

4. The injury usually uses when you got pain and that give effect for your life.

E.g:

I am Injured

She survived the accident without injury“.

Fellas, now you can use these words in the right sentences and situation. Thank you for attention, See you tomorrow!

Compiled by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, 12 February 2020

#EngVocab: Words Related to Mobile Phone

Nowadays, a mobile phone has become a permanent part to our hands. We check our phones constantly even if there is no notification of incoming messages or calls or anything important on social medias. Do you also experience the same, fellas?

person taking photos of food
Photo by cottonbro on Pexels.com

This article will discuss words related to mobile phones.

1. Credit
This is a common term for prepaid mobile phone service, where we purchase some amount to use the provider’s service. In Indonesian, the term ‘phone credit’ has the same meaning as ‘pulsa.’

2. Data
(Mobile) data is what connects the phone to the internet when it is not connected to a Wi-Fi network.

3. Plans
Plans mean a package that might include a number of SMS, several minutes of phone calls, and some gigabits of mobile data that we purchase from the provider on a one-off occasion or on a regular basis.

Made Wirautama (@wirautama): In Indonesian we call it “paket data”.

4. 4G and 4.5G
4G means the fourth generation of mobile phone connection. It allows a mobile phone to connect to the internet with a relatively high download speed, which is 7-12 Mbps (megabits per second), and converts the phone to a mobile multimedia. 4.5G is an improved version of 4G with faster connection that could reach 14-21 Mbps. At the moment, we’re all excited for 5G, of course.

5. 4K
What is a 4K video? A video with 4K on it means that it was shoot with a lens with 3840 x 2160 pixels. It provides clearer, less fuzzy motions.

6. 720p
720p is currently the most common number to describe screen resolution. ‘P’ means progressive-scan and ‘720’ is the number of horizontal lines on the display. Higher screen resolutions are 1080p, 2160p (4K), and 8K.

7. HD
HD stands for high definition, which is also another name for a video with 720p resolution. 1080p is full HD (FHD). 1440p is Quad HD (QHD). 2160p or 4K is Ultra HD (UHD).

8. Lite
A lite version is a ‘lighter’ version of an application. It typically takes smaller space of the phone memory, displays media with lower resolutions, and has limited features compared to the full version.

9. Beta version
A beta version generally refers to a version of a piece of software that is made available for testing, typically by a limited number of users outside the company that is developing it, before its general release.

10. International roaming
The term refers to a feature that allows us to use the service of the provider in a foreign country where the service is not available. It usually costs more than the regular service.

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 10 February 2020.


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#EngTalk: Adverbs without -ly

Hi, fellas! Most of us know that an adverb is a part of speech which is usually (not always) formed by adding the suffix -ly to an adjective.

Example:
Usual –> usually
Regular –> regularly
Beautiful –> beautifully
Angry –> angrily
Actual –> actually
Bad –> badly
Kind –> kindly

ask blackboard chalk board chalkboard
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

In recent years, more people using adverbs without -ly.
Example:
“He spoke loud and clear.”

The sentence still makes sense, too, because we understand that ‘he’ who spoke did so in a loud and clear way.

Naturally, it became a hot topic; should we omit -ly from an adverb? What do you think, fellas?

@pepe_2604: Hello there. I’m an English teacher in Mexico. I’ve found lots of changes in the language, not only a foreign but mine as well, due to media content, among other factors. So, I think it’s not a big issue to avoid -ly in an adverb since we face different problems for spoken production, and if we manage to make our students confident about producing a spoken language, I see no big deal with it. It is not that I don’t care but I can deal with it in further lessons.

 

I personally am used to putting -ly on an adverb. However, languages were developed to help humans understand each other. As long as we could understand what the sentence means, especially on spoken interaction, I think it’s fine.

The case could be different on written materials, where using proper grammar will help us understand the context better. But that’s just my personal opinion. What do you think, fellas?

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 6 February 2020.


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#GrammarTrivia: Using “Of” in Expressions of Quantity

Hello, fellas. In this session we will learn how to use of in expressions of quantity.
Of is always contained in several expressions of quantity:

a lot of
lots of
a number of
a great deal of
a majority of
plenty of

Examples:
1) A number of books have been sold.
2) A number of my books have been sold.

Some expressions of quantity sometimes contain of and sometimes not. They use of when the noun is specific or preceded by any possessive, this/that/these/those, or the. Of is not used if the noun is nonspecific.

all (of)
most (of)
almost all (of)
many (of)
much (of)
a few (of)
a little (of)
one (of), two (of), three (of), etc
both (of)
several (of)

Examples:
1) Many of my students are foreigners.
2) Many of those students are foreigners.
3) Many of the students are foreigners.
4) Many students are foreigners.

Source:
Betty Schrampfer Azar, Understanding and Using English Grammar: Third Edition

Compiled and written by @fathrahman for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, January 20, 2020