Category Archives: English

#EngTips: Overview (IELTS Writing Task 1)

Hello, fellas. In this session we will discuss the overview in IELTS Writing Task 1.

An overview is not a conclusion. A conclusion is a final judgement or opinion. On the other hand, an overview simply describes the main points. It summarizes the information depicted in the graph.

An overview can be put either right after the introduction or in the last paragraph. It does not matter where you place it as long as it is written in your report. However, it is recommended that the overview be put at the beginning because if you run out of time and do not write an overview at all, you will be unable to get a band 6 or higher for your task achievement.

To write an overview, you need to look at the most noticeable feature – what changes occurred from the beginning to the end. You do not need to state numbers because they are included in the specific details. Features like ‘overall change’, ‘highest’ and ‘lowest’, are mentioned without specific figures.

Example:

CO2

Overview:

Overall, it is clear that the UK produced the most emissions per capita of the 4 nations over the period although the levels fell slightly. The amount of CO2 emitted per person dropped more markedly in Sweden while levels rose in Italy and Portugal.

Sources:

Alireza Ramedani, IELTS Writing Compact: GRAPH REVIEW (Academic Task 1)
Global Manpower, GUIDELINE IELTS WRITING TASK 1
IELTS buddy, IELTS Made Easy: Step-by-step guide to writing a Task 1
IELTS Writing Task 1 Simon
Bayside, IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: band 9 sample, https://www.baysidecollege.com.au/task-1-sample/

Compiled and written by @fathrahman for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, April 12, 2019

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#ENGCLASS: How to Plan a Lesson


         The term “lesson” is popularly considered to be a unified set of activities that cover a period of classroom time, usually ranging from forty to ninety minutes. These classroom time units are administratively significant for teachers because they represent “steps” along a curriculum before which and after which you have a hiatus (of a day or more) in which to evaluate and prepare for the next lesson.

Format of a Lesson Plan

While variations are plenty, seasoned teachers generally agree on what the essential elements of a lesson plan should be

  • Goal (s)

We should be able to identify an overall purpose or goal that we will attempt to accomplish by the end of the class period. In the sample lesson plan, “understanding telephone conversation” generally identifies the lesson topic.

  • Objectives

It is very important to state explicitly what you want students to gain from the lesson. Explicit statements here help you to

  1. Be sure that you indeed know what it is you want to accomplish,
  2. Preserve the unity of your lesson,
  3. Predetermine whether or not you are trying to accomplish too much, and
  4. Evaluate students’ success at the end of, or after, the lesson.

Objectives are most clearly captured in terms of stating what students will do. However, many language objectives are not overtly observable. Try to avoid vague, unverifiable statements like these:

  • Students will learn about the passive voice.
  • Students will practice some listening exercies.
  • Students will do the passage some listening pasty.
  • Materials and Equipment

It may seems a trivial matter to list materials needed, but good planing includes knowing what you need to take with you or to arrange to have in classroom.

  • Procedures

At this point, lessons clearly have tremendous variation.

We have to  think in terms of making sure your plan is included.

Evaluation     

Next, how can you determine whether your objective have been accomplished?

  • Extra-Class Work

Sometimes misnamed “homework” (students don’t neccessarily to extra = class work only at home), something. Whether you are teaching in an EFL or ESL  situation, you can almost always find applications or extentions of classroom

Source:

Douglas, H. Brown. 2001. Teaching by Principles and Interactive Approach to Language pedagogy

Compiled and written by @nurulhasanahmoslem for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, March 6, 2019

#EngProverb: Words to describe people

Hey ho, fellas! How’s your day? I think today was a cold day.
Tonight, I’m going to share some proverbs related to describe people. Here they are…

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1.Adaptable
Meaning :capable of fitting a particular situation or use
E.g. “When Riska’s parents divorced, she proved herself to be adaptable. It wasn’t easy, but she learned how to cope with this big change”
#EngProverb

2.Considerate
Meaning : showing concern for the rights and feelings of others
E.g. “A considerate person looks out for other people. They often allow someone else to have the last piece of cake or they hold the door open for another person..”
#EngProverb

3.Courageous
Meaning :able to face and deal with danger or fear without flinching
E.g. “A courageous person is brave. They are the type of person to run into a burning building. They are also likely to get involved to stop a bullying situation.”
#EngProverb

4.Ambitious
Meaning :having a strong desire for success or achievement
E.g. “Raka is one of Ambitious people try to get ahead in life–they look for opportunities to better their life”
#EngProverb

5.Adventurous
Meaning : willing to undertake new and daring enterprises
E.g. “They love to try something new–sometimes an act that others would find scary. Adventurous people love to travel and try new foods at a restaurant.”
#EngProverb

6.Rational
Meaning :having its source in or being guided by the intellect
E.g. “They make rational decisions based on their logical reasoning about a situation. They don’t base decisions on emotions.”
#EngProverb

Alright, fellas, those are some proverbs related to describe people.
So, How would you describe yourself?
Thank you for being with me, fellas! Today is a wrap!

compiled by @ijoojii for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, 04 April 2019

#EngTips: 3 Sentence Structures to Describe Trends (IELTS Writing Task 1)

Hello, fellas. In this session we will discuss one of key elements in IELTS Writing Task 1. It is a variety of sentence structures to describe trends.

To achieve a high score, you should learn to write sentences using different patterns. However, students tend to use only one of those. Consequently, their answer sounds ‘mechanical’. By varying how your sentences are structured, you can show your wide range of grammar.

It is essential that you get word forms right. Verbs can change into nouns and adverbs change into adjectives depending on the structure you choose.

The patterns are:

1) Noun + verb + adverb
Example: The consumption of oil rose steadily in 2008.

2) There + be + adjective + noun + in + noun
Example: There was a steady rise in the consumption of oil in 2008.

3) Time + saw/experienced/witnessed + adjective + noun + in + noun
Example: 2008 saw a steady rise in the consumption of oil.

Source:
IELTS buddy, IELTS Made Easy: Step-by-step guide to writing a Task 1

Compiled and written by @fathrahman for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, March 31, 2019

#EngVocab: Other Ways to Say ‘Afraid’

Today we will learn about other ways to say ‘afraid’
Do you know other words to say it?

Let’s start.

  • Aghast: struck with overwhelming shock; filled with sudden fright or horror.

E.g. “The police stood aghast at the terrible sight.”

  • Petrified: extremely frightened that one is unable to move.

E.g. “The idea of talking in public petrified him.”

  • Frantic: wild or distraught with fear, anxiety, or extreme emotion.

E.g. “He was quite frantic by the time we got home.”

  • Timorous: full of fear.

E.g. “The victim talked with a timorous voice.”

  • Edgy: tense, nervous, or irritable.

E.g. “I am feeling edgy about the exam tomorrow.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, March 31, 2019.

#WOTD: Morose

Today we will learn about the word ‘morose’.
#WOTD

Do you know the meaning of ‘morose’?
#WOTD

‘Morose’ is an adjective.
‘Morose’ is pronounced as /məˈrōs/.
#WOTD

‘Morose’ means sullen and ill-tempered.
#WOTD

Some synonyms of ‘morose’:
1. Dour.
2. Surly.
3. Somber.
4. Unhappy.
5. Fed up.
#WOTD

Examples of ‘morose’ in sentences:
“Why are you so morose these days?”
#WOTD

Examples of ‘morose’ in sentences:
“He was silent and morose since the tragedy happened.”
#WOTD

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, March 17, 2019.

#ENGVOCAB: VOCABULARIES RELATED TO INTERNET AND SOCIAL MEDIA

Hello fellas, how are you? how often do you surf the internet and social media? I am sure that most of you like spending time to check social media and surfing the internet. Today, we are discussing some words and phrases related to internet and social media. Here they are.


http://lime20.com/internet.php

1. To unplug
It means to disconnect and to relax by disengaging ourselves from activities that use internet connection.

E.g.: “Sometimes you need to learn to unplug and just enjoy the peace and quiet at home.”

2. Hot-spot
It refers to a place in public area where there is a computer system with an access point or an internet connection.

E.g.: “The airport was bright and spacious, with large shopping area and Wi-Fi hot-spot lounge.”

3. To multitask
To multitask means to do many things at the same time. 

E.g.: “An interpreter needs a quick, agile mind to multitask, because she or he needs to simultaneously listen to a concept or idea in one language, understand and process it, and translate it to another language.”

4. Down-time
It refers to the time when a computer is not working properly and cannot be used. This could also mean the time somebody needs to relax and recuperate after a hard work.

E.g.: “Once we are done with all the renovation, I am ready for some major down-time.”

5. Pulled to the internet
It means working hard using the internet or being dependent to the internet.

E.g.: “I wish I could do that but I am so pulled to the internet. I manage my own business and I can hardly spend a day without sending emails or checking my website.”

6. To pull the plug
When you pull the plug of something, it means that it no longer has a power source and will switch off.

E.g.: “I am considering just pulling the plug on the whole thing. I have been so busy with my work and I have not had time to be creative or even relax.”

7. Be on the same wavelength
It refers to the same things that have the same origins but can also be used for casual acquaintances. It has the same meaning as being in tune with somebody.

E.g.: “What makes the problem worse is that Howard and Tina are not on the same wavelength about how to deal with it.”

8. No filter
It is usually used to refer to a picture, which is of original quality and has not been edited or modified. The term is also used to refer to an uncensored conversation, usually between friends.

E.g.: “Miranda is my best friend. Sometimes when we are chatting, we can talk with no filter and we laugh at each other.”

9. On fleek
Something is on fleek if it looks perfect and on point.

E.g.: “Did you see what Jason was wearing today? His look is on fleek!”

10. To win the internet
The phrase is usually used as a reaction given by someone who either really likes or really dislikes your post.

E.g.: “This picture wins the internet today. Everything else is dummy.”

That’s all for today, fellas. Hopefully today’s session is useful for you. See you tomorrow!

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, March 27, 2019

#EngClass: Infinitive And Gerund

Infinitive is prefaced with the word “to”
For examples:
– To think
– To act
– To walk
– To talk
– To write
– To listen

Both infinitives and gerunds can act as the subject of the sentence:
– To think is something that comes naturally (infinitive)
– Thinking is something that comes naturally (gerund)


You can use infinitive or gerund as the object of a verb:
– I like to fish (Infinitive)
– I like fishing (Gerund)

Only gerund can be the object of a preposition. An infinitive cannot:
We are thinking about walking in the woods

Gerund is a noun formed from a verb. A gerund always contain the ending “-ing.”
Functions of Gerund:
1) Gerund as Subject
For examples:
– Reading novel is my hobby
– Being a good doctor is my ambition

2) Gerund which is used with these verb as follows:
– Deny
– Avoid
– Suggest
– Consider
– Admit
– Enjoy
– Miss
– Consider


For examples:
– He always denies helping me
– Why do you always avoid meeting her?

3) Gerund which is used after preposition, it can stand before verb, adjective, or noun.
For examples:
– You should give up smoking
– I am thinking of going to Bali with you

4) Gerund can be used for complement
For example:
– Their favourite activity is playing music

5) Gerund can be used to explain noun modifiers
For example:
– You can wait for me in the waiting room

6) Gerund can be used in this form of sentence “It………ing.”
For examples:
– It is nice talking with you
– It is no use trying to meet her

Reference:

Tumijo and Riyanto Slamet (2010) Metode Terbaik Melejitkan Skor TOEFL, Penerbit Pustaka Widyatama: Yogyakarta.

#GrammarTrivia: Expressions Followed by “-ing”

Hello, fellas. In this session we will discuss several expressions which are followed by –ing.

1) have fun/a good time
Example: I had fun watching movies.

have trouble/difficulty
Example: We had trouble looking for the key.

have a hard time/difficult time
Example: They had a hard time climbing the ladder.

2) spend/waste + expression of time or money
Example: Steve spent a lot of time reading novels.

3) sit/stand/lie + expression of place
Example: Angela sat on the floor typing a letter.

4) find/catch + pro(noun)
Both find and catch carry the meaning of discover.
Example: On my way home, I found a man crying for help.

Source:
Betty Schrampfer Azar, Understanding and Using English Grammar: Third Edition

Compiled and written by @fathrahman for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, March 16, 2019

#GrammarTrivia: “Seem” vs. “look”

Hola, Fellas! It’s finally Friday again. How do you do during this week? I hope you are doing well. This evening we are going to have a discussion about the difference between ‘seem’ and ‘look.’ In this term, both words are considered as copular verbs. Do you know what copular verb is?

Copular verb is a verb that connects subject of sentence to a subject complement. In other words, copular verb is linking verb. There are some words that are considered as copular verbs, such as ‘feel,’ ‘look,’ ‘smell,’ ‘taste,’ etc.  In this occasion, we will specifically talk about ‘look’ and its common substitute, ‘seem.’

Sometimes, you might face a confusion on whether you should use ‘seem’ or ‘look’ to express your opinion of an object. As illustration,

  • “She (look/seem) happy today.”
  • “You (look/seem) pretty today.”

Which verb will you choose to complete each of the example?

“You look pretty today.” “She looks happy today.” – @NeNi961111 

Seem and look. – @Syalaladubidum

You look pretty today. She seems happy today. – @niaangreinny

You look pretty today. She seems happy today. Am I right? – @innecfc

‘Look’ for the second question and ‘seem’ for the first I guess. – @ryutz_

“Seem”

In the first example, I would choose “seem” as the answer. “Seem” is a general copular verb to express our sense/impression about something. On the other words, we use “seem” when the judgement is subjective, it’s like you are using your intuition.

On the other hands, we can also say “She looks happy today” if we see her laughing or smiling. Here are some examples on how to use “seem’ in a sentence,

  • “The task seems difficult to be accomplished,”
  • “It seems like we are going to have a long chat this evening.”

“Look”

Meanwhile, I would say “You look pretty today” in the second illustration. “Look” is generally used as a result of a physical observation of an objectSo, you would say “look” if you can see the appearance of the object. For example,

  • “You look stylish with this dress,”
  • “This area looks dirty with these scattered trashes.”

 

source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Friday, March 15, 2019

#EngTips: HOW TO KEEP A CONVERSATION GOING

Hello fellas, I’m happy to meet you again today. How are you today?

Fellas, as non-native speakers, have you ever felt stuck and confused in the middle of a conversation? Especially since the conversation is done in English.

Sometimes, when we meet with international friends, we must keep a conversation going to give them sufficient details about us. However, when we feel confused because we don’t know what to say, the conversation will stop.

Example:
“Did you have a good weekend?”
“Yes, I did. You?”
“Yeah, it was good.”

The conversation will stop because there is no natural way to continue it. A brief conversation with strangers are fine from time to time, but if it is someone we know, a longer chat will be expected.

Here is how to keep a conversation going:

1. Ask questions and start with 5W + 1H (What, Who, Where, When, Why, How). Avoid yes or no questions.


2. Answer the questions with elaborated details that will help you continue the conversations.

3. Try interesting topics such as family, hobbies, sports, movie, TV shows, culture, music, recent events, travelling, or interesting places in the city where you live. Avoid such topics as religion, politics, sex life, personal finance, or health issues.

Check this long conversation as an example:
James: “Hey, Rachel, how was your weekend?”
Rachel: “Pretty good! I went to a baseball game with my brother.”
James: “Really? What teams were playing?”

Rachel: “The Red Sox and The Yankees. We are huge Yankees fans!”
James: “Yeah? How was the game?”
Rachel: “Very exciting. It was tied until the last minutes, and then we won 2-1.”

You can see from the example that both persons tried to keep the conversation going. James asked questions and Rachel answered enthusiastically.

To have a good conversation in English with your international friends, a regular practice is necessary. That is all for today, fellas! If you have questions about this or previous sessions, don’t hesitate to mention us.

Hopefully today’s topic could help you brush up your English conversation skill. See you tomorrow!

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, March 13,2019

#WOTD: Impetus

Hi, Fellas! How are you doing? How are your days so far? This evening we meet again in word of the day session. This time I am going to share ‘impetus’ as the topic. Have you ever heard about this word?

Impetus is adopted from Latin, ‘impetere,’ which means to attack. In a sentence, ‘impetus’ acts as a noun with a meaning a force to activate a process or to increase its activity. In addition, this word could mean a force in order to make something moving.

There are some synonyms of ‘impetus,’ such as

  • ‘boost,’
  • ‘stimulant,’
  • ‘encouragement,’
  • ‘motivation,’ etc.

 

To complete this discussion, I would like to give some sentences with ‘impetus.’

  • “The picture of a large sum of money is the impetus of corruption.”
  • “The permission to study abroad could be the impetus, so he’s been study harder lately.”

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Friday, March 1, 2019

#EngVocab: Other Ways to Say ‘Like’

Do you know other ways to say ‘like’?
Today we will learn about other words to say ‘like’.

Let’s start.

  • Relish: to like or enjoy something.

E.g. “I relish the challenge of doing jobs that others turn down.”

  • Keen: to be eager, excited or interested in something.

E.g. “She’s very keen to learn about Japanese culture.”

  • Fond: having an affection or liking for.

E.g. “My family are all fond of going to the cinema.”

  • Applaud: show strong approval of (a person or action).

E.g. “We applaud the family’s decision to remain silent over the issue.”

  • Esteem: respect and admiration, typically for a person.

E.g. “I esteem your uncle for his kindness.”

  • Fancy: to like or want something.

E.g. “Do you fancy going out for lunch at the restaurant?”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, March 2, 2019.

#EngClass: Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal (adj.): given or done in return; [grammar] expressing mutual action.

What is reciprocal pronoun in English grammar? A reciprocal pronoun is a pronoun which is used to indicate that two or more people are carrying out or have carried out an action of some type, with both receiving the benefits or consequences of that action simultaneously. Any time something is done or given in return, reciprocal pronouns are used.


We use reciprocal pronouns when each of two or more subjects is acting in the same way towards the other.
For example:
A is talking to B, and B is talking to A. So we say:
A and B are talking to each other.

The action is “reciprocated”.
*John talks to Mary and Mary talks to John.
* I give you a present and you give me a present.
*The dog bites the cat and the cat bites the dog.


There are only two reciprocal pronouns, and they are both two words:
* Each other
* One another


We use these reciprocal pronouns for the following contents:
There must be two or more people, things or groups involved (so we cannot use reciprocal pronouns with I, you [singular], he/she/it). They must be doing the same thing.

Examples are specified as follows:
*John and Mary love each other.
* Peter and David hate each other.
* Both teams played hard against each other.
* We gave each other gifts.
* Why don’t you believe each other?
* They can’t see each other.
* The gangsters were fighting one another.
* The boats were bumping against each other in the storm.

Reference:
Simaibang, Baginda. 2018. English Grammar for Foreign Learners. Palembang : Citra Books Indonesia.

#EngTips: 3 Parts of a Paragraph

Hello, fellas. Are you are going to do academic writing? It is necessary that you learn the way of organizing your ideas because it is probably different from what you are accustomed to. At first, you can begin by learning a paragraph.

A paragraph is comprised of related sentences about a subject. It has three parts: a topic sentence, supporting sentences, and a concluding sentence.

1) The Topic Sentence

The topic sentence is used to tell the topic of a paragraph. It is usually placed at the beginning. It is neither too general nor too specific.

Example: The mix of cultures in Hawaii make weddings there very special occasions.

2) The Supporting Sentences

The supporting sentences give details about what topic the paragraph is going to discuss.

Examples:
Certainly, Hawaiian clothing, music, and other Hawaiian customs play a big role. For example, the bride often wears a long white holoku (wedding dress), and the groom wears a long-sleeved white shirt and pants with a red sash around his waist. Both of them wear leis (necklaces made of flowers). The bride’s lei is traditionally made of white flowers such as pikake (jasmine), and the groom’s is made of green maile leaves. Another Hawaiian custom is the blowing of conch shell three times to begin the ceremony. Hawaiian music is played both during the ceremony and during the luau (Hawaiian barbecue feast) afterward. Other customs included in the festivities depend on the ethnic backgrounds of the couple. For instance, there may be noisy firecrackers, a Chinese way of keeping bad spirits away. There may be a display of Japanese origami, or there may be a pandango, a Filipino custom. During a pandango, the wedding guests tape money together and wrap it around the couple during their first dance together as husband and wife.

3) The Concluding Sentence

The concluding sentence is the summary or paraphrase of the main points. However, not all paragraphs need it. A paragraph standing alone needs a concluding sentence. On the other hand, a paragraph of a longer piece of writing does not always need one. You should begin the sentence with a conclusion signal such as:

All in all,
In brief,
In conclusion,
Indeed,
In short,
In summary,
To conclude,
To summarize,
To sum up,
It is clear that…
These examples show that…
You can see that…

Example: All in all, a Hawaiian wedding is truly a magical, multicultural event.

Source:
Alice Oshima and Ann Hogue, Introduction to Academic Writing: Third Edition

Compiled and written by @fathrahman for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, March 3, 2019

#WOTD: Brusque

Today we will learn about ‘brusque’.
Do you know the meaning of the word ‘brusque’?

‘Brusque’ is an adjective.
‘Brusque’ is pronounced as /brəsk/.
#WOTD

‘Brusque’ means short and abrupt in manner or speech.
#WOTD

Some synonims of ‘brusque’:
1. Curt.
2. Gruff.
3. Blunt.
4. Outspoken.
5. Harsh.
#WOTD

Examples of ‘brusque’ in sentences:
“His secretary was quite brusque with me.”
#WOTD

Examples of ‘brusque’ in sentences:
“The doctor spoke in a brusque tone.”
#WOTD

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, February 17, 2019.

#ENGCLASS: The Use of the One and Ones

When we are talking about countable things, we can use one or ones if it is clear what we are talking about. We use one and ones as a substitute of a noun mentiones before. Here the word one and ones mean (artinya) “yang.” To avoid repeating yourself, you can use one or ones. But it has to be clear from the situation what you are talking about.


We use one is used to replace a singular countable noun.

Examples:
– Which is your girl friend? The one with glasses?
– I like the hand phone. So, I take the silver one.
– I asked for a cup, but they did not have one.


The word ones is used to replace a plural countable noun.

Examples:
– I broke my glasses so I will have to buy some new ones.
– These shoes on shelf are too expensive.

– You can buy the ones on the floor.
Which shirts do you like? The ones over there.

You have to specify about which ones you mean. Check these examples:
– I broke my glasses so I will have to buy some NEW ones.
– I like those shoes, but let’s buy THESE ones.
Words like NEW or THESE specify which ones you mean.

If you do not specify which ones (i.e. you do not describe which ones with an adjective etc.), you should use SOME:
– I broke my glasses so I will have to buy SOME.
– I like those shoes. I think I will buy SOME.

We can use one with adjectives, but in that case we need to use a:
– I’d like to buy a house. If I can afford it, I’ll get a big one.

Notes:
– A very important point about using “one” is that it is referring to an indefinite thing.
You cannot use “one” to replace a definite thing, like “the car” or “my bike”, or a proper noun, like something’s name (e.g. “Sony”).

– In the definite case, you need a pronoun, like “it”.  Compare: “I need a pen. Do you have one?” and “The car broke down. I need to take it to the mechanic.”

References:
Matthew. 2015. One and Ones to Replace Countable Nouns. Retrieved from: https://poligo.com/en/articles/grammar/one-and-ones-replace-countable-nouns
Riyanto, Slamet, et al. A Handbook of English Grammar, An Effective Way to Master English. Pustaka Pelajar.

#EngTips: Opinion in IELTS Writing Task 2

Hello, fellas. Are you going to take the IELTS test? In this session we will learn how to answer one kind of questions in IELTS Writing Task 2. The question is about our opinion. Here is a sample question:

Space exploration is much too expensive and the money should be spent on more important things. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

An answer in IELTS Writing Task 2 is generally structured into 4-5 paragraphs. They are introduction, 2-3 body paragraphs and a conclusion.

1) Introduction

a. Paraphrasing the question
According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, “paraphrase” means “to say (something that someone else has said or written) using different words”.

Example:
Several people believe that space research is a waste of money and the fund should be allocated on more urgent issues.

(More on paraphrasing: https://englishtips4u.com/2018/05/24/engtips-paraphrasing/)

b. Thesis statement
This statement is used to state whether you agree or disagree with an opinion.

Example: I disagree with the statement for two reasons.

(More on thesis statement: https://englishtips4u.com/2014/09/14/engclass-thesis-statement/)

2) Body Paragraphs
Each body paragraph is written to support your thesis statement. It is comprised of a topic sentence and some supporting sentences.

Example:
First of all, many of the technologies we take for granted today were originated thanks to space research. Take satellite technology, for example, which we depend on for broadcasting and weather forecasting. Without satellites, we would not be able to follow global events as they happen, nor give populations any warning of approaching storms. Space research has also led to the development of new lightweight materials that offer us heat protection and enable food preservation. Therefore, the challenge of sending human beings into space has often driven the development of new technologies that benefit our everyday lives.
Second, we cannot foresee the distant future, so we ought to develop the capability to escape from the earth. Gradually, we are learning how humans can survive for long periods in space and even travel to other planets in the future. If space exploration is halted, this valuable knowledge will never be acquired. It is true that environmental destruction is also a serious issue, but it is also true that we remain dependent on our environment if we never accept the challenge of exploring other worlds.

3) Conclusion
The concluding paragraph restates the thesis statement and summarizes the body paragraphs.

Example:
In conclusion, while we undoubtedly face serious problems on our own planet, it is imperative that we continue to explore space. This will promote further technological advances as well as provide a possible means of escape should earth become uninhabitable in future. Ideally, all nations should cooperate in the advancement of space research.

(More on writing an essay: https://englishtips4u.com/2017/02/05/engtips-tips-on-writing-essay/)

Sources:
IELTS Academic, IELTS Writing Task 2: Opinion Essay with Sample Answer, https://ielts-academic.com/2012/06/24/ielts-writing-task-2-opinion-essay-with-sample-answer/
Merriam-Webster Dictionary
Alice Oshima and Ann Hogue, Introduction to Academic Writing: Third Edition

Compiled and written by @fathrahman for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, February 17, 2019