Beside a/an, the other article is the. The precedes
1) singular count nouns
e.g. the cat
2) plural count nouns
e.g. the cats
3) noncount nouns
e.g. the fruit
The is used when the speaker and his/her listener are thinking about the same specific person(s) or thing(s).
e.g. Have you fed the cat?
In the example above, the speaker and the listener are thinking about the same specific cat. The listener knows which cat the speaker is talking about. There is only one cat about which the speaker could be talking.
The is also used when the speaker mentions a noun the second time.
e.g. I had a book. I gave the book to Sally.
I had a book constitutes the first mention. In the second mention, the listener knows which book the speaker is talking about: the book the speaker had.
Betty Schrampfer Azar, Fundamentals of English Grammar: Third Edition
Face With Smiling Eyes and Smiling
Face are the most commonly used emojis. They simply denote happiness
they may be used following a mild insult or criticism to remove some of the
Other Smiley Faces
Face With Open Mouth, Smiling
Face With Open Mouth And Smiling Eyes, Grinning Face, and Smiling
Face With Open Mouth And Tightly-Closed Eyes are similar to the two
simpler smiley faces.
they are often used to express greater levels of happiness. A message with one
of these emojis will normally be extremely positive. They are rarely used with
an insult or criticism.
Smiling Face With Open Mouth and Cold Sweat
Face With Open Mouth And Cold Sweat similarly shows happiness, albeit with relief. Messages
using this emoji often express joy at how a potentially negative event worked
example, if you sent a message explaining that you just passed a difficult test
or got the all clear from the doctor then you could use this emoji.
Face With Tears of Joy
With Tears Of Joy is
used to show laughter. It’s commonly replaced “LOL” when someone sends a joke.
Rolling on the Floor Laughing Face
Rolling on the Floor Laughing Face is the latest iteration of “ROFL”
Upside-Down Face implies you’re
not being serious or are talking about something that seemingly makes no sense.
Zany Face also shows
flippancy. Use this if something is silly but funny.
Smiling Face With
Smiling Face With Sunglasses is used to show coolness. It’s sometimes used
tongue-in-cheek or can mean “deal with it”.
Flushed Face shows
embarrassment for an awkward situation or mistake. It is frequently used
self-deprecatingly as a response to compliments.
Face Savoring Delicious Food can be used in anticipation for, during, or after a tasty
Nerd Face shows
intelligence or passion for a particular subject. It’s often used ironically.
Smirking Face With
Smirking Face With Starry Eyes means you’re excited or starstruck, like when you’re
anticipating meeting someone or doing something.
Face With Party
Blower And Party Hat
Face With Party Blower And Party Hat is used when celebrating an event. It’s best used when it’s a friend’s birthday.
2. Flirty Face Emojis
Smirking Face has strong
sexual connotations. It normally accompanies sexual innuendos or suggestions.
Winking Face shows that the
message was sent with humorous intent. Any message that accompanies a Winking Face should
not be taken too seriously.
Similar to Smirking Face, Winking Face often
accompanies suggestive messages.
Face With Stuck-Out Tongue, Face With Stuck-Out Tongue And Winking Eye,
With Stuck-Out Tongue And Tightly-Closed Eyes are used
interchangeably with Winking Face to show humor.
Relieved Face is, as the
name suggests, meant to indicate relief. However, it is mostly used to show
It can also, in
response to a suggestive emoji, demonstrate aloofness or innocence.
Smiling Face With
Smiling Face With Halo shows
innocence. It can be used seriously or humorously. For example, this emoji
would be appropriate when messaging your friends on a Friday to explain that
you are staying at home for the night.
Smiling Face With Horns and Imp can
be used interchangeably to show naughtiness or mischievousness.
Because one is
smiling and the other frowning, they show subtly different things. Smiling Face
With Horns more frequently accompanies minor mischief or
suggestive messages while Imp implies more malice.
Kissing Face, Face Throwing
A Kiss, Kissing Face With Smiling Eyes, and Kissing Face
With Closed Eyes are all used to show romance or
affection. Face Throwing A Kiss is typically more
romantic due to the small red heart.
The other three can
also be used to show innocent whistling.
Smiling Face With
Smiling Face With Heart-Shaped Eyes shows love, adoration, or gratitude. It can be used
towards a person, place, or thing.
Hugging Face means you’re
sending the recipient a virtual embrace.
3. Negative Face Emojis
Neutral Face and Expressionless
Face show a deliberate lack of emotion. They may be used
to show that someone is unimpressed, indifferent, or awkward.
Unamused Face expresses
dissatisfaction or suspicion. This emoji doesn’t show true anger or sadness,
but rather a subtly negative emotion. For example, if you are unhappy or
dubious of someone’s excuse for why they are late, you could send this emoji.
Face With Cold Sweat
Face With Cold Sweat shows stress
or hard work. It typically refers to a specific situation. Messaging a loved
one to explain that you must stay late at the office would warrant this emoji.
Pensive Face and Disappointed
Face are the two main sad face emoji. Both convey a sense
of sadness, remorse, regret, disappointment, or any similarly negative emotion.
Pleading Face shows you’re
asking for a favor. It’s the “puppy dog eyes” look, and is rarely used in
Disappointed But Relieved Face is generally used to show fear or hurt.
Crying Face is similar
Face and Disappointed Face. It shows a stronger sense of
hurt than general sadness.
Loudly Crying Face
Loudly Crying Face is a stronger
version of Crying Face. It shows hurt, pain, and upset.
Unlike the other sad faces, it is often used ironically.
Worried Face shows shock,
horror, disgust, and fear.
Grimacing Face similarly
shows worry, embarrassment, or awkwardness. Use it if you’re apprehensive about
Face With A Raised
Face With A Raised Eyebrow shows skepticism or disapproval—perfect for if you don’t
believe someone’s excuse.
Face With Monocle
Face With Monocle also expresses
doubt, as if you’re scrutinizing a message.
Lying Face depicts a nose
growing, just like Pinocchio. Use sparingly if you think someone isn’t telling
Face Without Mouth
Face Without Mouth shows you’re
speechless. It can be used ironically, but often means you don’t know what to
say during an awkward conversation or dare not speak your mind when embarrassed
Zipper-Mouth Face could mean you
can’t convey the right words right now. However, it’s more frequently used to
show you can keep a secret.
Face With Exploding
Face With Exploding Head shows
shock, telling the recipient that you’re blown away. It’s normally used in awe
Face With Symbols
Over the Mouth
Face With Symbols Over The Mouth naturally replaces a curse word. Use this to express annoyance or anger.
Weary Face and Tired Face both
show tiredness; however, they are often used to represent world-weariness and
stress, as if you’re at the end of your tether.
Sleepy Face seldom
represents tiredness. Instead, it shows that the sender is sick or unwell.
Sleeping Face is used
instead of Sleepy Face to show drowsiness. It’s
difficult to send a message when actually asleep.
Confused Face and Confounded
Face are used interchangeably to show confusion. Confused Face is
also used to show awkwardness or an apology. If someone has to cancel plans,
for instance, they could include this emoji.
Face With Look of
Face With Look Of Triumph is
one of the most misused emoji. It’s commonly used to show anger or frustration
rather than triumph—often ironically.
Angry Face and Pouting Face both
show anger, with the red Pouting Face the stronger of the two.
With Look Of Triumph, they are seldom used humorously.
Persevering Face shows you’re
struggling with a situation, but carrying on through your frustration.
Frowning Face With Open Mouth and Anguished Face show shock, horror, and
disappointment. They are often used as a lesser version of Pensive Face or Disappointed
Fearful Face, Face With
Open Mouth And Cold Sweat, and Face
Screaming In Fear all show varying levels of fear, ranging
from slightly scared with Face With Open Mouth And Cold Sweat to
outright terror with Face Screaming In Fear. They can all be used
4. Other Face Emojis
See-No-Evil Monkey, Hear-No-Evil
Monkey, and Speak-No-Evil Monkey are used to show shock
and embarrassment, mostly in a cheeky manner. Which specific monkey is used
depends on the contents of the message.
Pile Of Poo
Pile Of Poo is almost
always used humorously. It can replace a swear word or criticize a person or
5. Hand Symbol Emojis
Thumbs Up Sign
Thumbs Up Sign shows
acceptance or agreement.
Thumbs Down Sign
Thumbs Down Sign shows
rejection, dislike, or disagreement.
OK Hand Sign
OK Hand Sign shows
acceptance, satisfaction, or that everything is OK. It can also be used to show
that something is tiny or small.
Victory Hand is more often
used to represent the similar peace symbol. It shows coolness, relaxation, or
Person Raising Both
Hands In Celebration
Person Raising Both Hands In Celebration, more commonly referred to as Praise Hands,
is used to show support or appreciation.
Open Hands conveys
openness and friendliness. It can also mean you’re sending a hug, similar
Person With Folded
Person With Folded Hands,
while not meant to be explicitly religious, is used to say thank you, or to
show prayer or pleading. You could use it when asking for a favor.
Call Me Hand
Call Me Hand, despite its name,
can have numerous meanings depending on context. It’s similar to a traditional
telephone handset, so can indicate you want to talk to someone over the phone.
Pilots also use it to wish each other good luck. And in Hawaiian culture, it’s
known as the “Shaka” sign, meaning “hang loose”—an affectionate gesture
6. Heart Emojis
Red Heart is the classic
love heart emoticon, expressing fondness, friendship, or romance.
Purple Heart, Yellow Heart, Green Heart,
Heart are all similar to Red Heart;
however, the target of their affection is normally related to the color of the
heart. For example, Blue Heart is often used with sports teams
who wear blue jerseys. Similarly, the Yellow Heart is
associated with the sun and summer.
Broken Heart is the ultimate expression of sadness. It can also be used ironically.
Emojis are forever evolving as a tool for communication and their meanings are still fluid. So, you should think carefully before using emojis in certain circumstances.
Hi, fellas, how are you today? I hope your Monday went well.
Today, we are going to discuss the word ‘cast’ on #WOTD. What do you have in mind every time you read or hear this word, fellas?
For me, the word ‘cast’ is always associated with an actor or actress being chosen to play a specific role in a movie.
E.g.: “When I heard that Joaquin Phoenix was cast as the Joker, I really couldn’t wait to see the movie.”
However, aside of that meaning, there are also other meaning of the word ‘cast.’ Let’s start on how it functions as a verb.
The verb ‘to cast’ means to set or throw something aside, especially with force.
E.g.: “He cast the newspaper aside when he found a misleading article written about him.”
It can also mean to cause a light or a shadow to appear on a certain surface.
E.g.: “The morning sun cast an orange shade over the empty field.”
‘To cast’ can also mean to shape or to mould something (usually of metal) in its molten form and let it cool until it becomes solid.
E.g.: “The ring was cast in Mordor.”
If we ‘cast a look/glance/smile, etc.’ towards something, it means that we throw a look, a glance, a smile, etc. to a specific direction.
E.g.: “As she wasn’t prepared, she couldn’t help casting nervous glances towards her classmates during the quiz.”
There are also ‘to cast a vote,’ which means to vote, and ‘to cast a spell/curse,’ which means to put a spell or a curse on someone.
In past tense and participle tense, the word ‘cast’ retains its form. So, the past form, the participle form, and the passive form of ‘cast’ are still ‘cast.’
As a noun, ‘cast’ generally refers to an object made in a mould. For example, an accident just happened to someone causing his ankle to sprain, so he needs to wear a cast.
Hi, fellas, how was your Monday? I hope it treated you well.
Mondays are always associated with the inclination to stay in bed while we actually have to start another week. Don’t you agree? Therefore, I would use today’s #EngPic session to share some wholesome images to lift up your spirit.
‘Wholesome’ is an adjective that means conducive to or suggestive of good health and physical well-being. However, it changes meaning nowadays on the internet. Nowadays, we use the word ‘wholesome’ to describe an internet content that puts us in a good mood or makes us happy for simple reasons.
Hello, fellas. How’s life today? On this occasion we will learn several forms of conditional sentences. According to Betty Schrampfer Azar, a conditional sentence usually comprises of an adverb clause of condition or if-clause, which contains a condition, and a result clause, which shows a result. Besides, an adverb clause can be introduced by whether or not, even if, in case, in the event that, unless and only if.
Conditional sentences can also be formed by using as if, as though and like. The use of as if or as though usually carries the same meaning as an untrue conditional sentence.
1) She kept playing as if she were a child.
Fact: She is not a child.
2) He explained the lesson to his classmates as though he had learned all the materials.
Fact: He did not learn all the materials.
In conditional sentences, like precedes a clause. However, it is not generally considered appropriate in formal English and more common in informal English.
Example: It looks like it is going to be sunny.
Betty Schrampfer Azar, Understanding and Using English Grammar: Third Edition
Hello, fellas. In this session we will learn the use of relative clauses to modify pronouns.
According to Betty Schrampfer Azar, a relative clause is a dependent clause modifying a noun. Further information about a noun is described, identified, or given by the clause. It is also called an adjective clause.
In this session, I would like to share some information about “embezzle.” Have you heard about this word?
“Embezzle” is adopted from the word “embesiller” Anglo-French, which means “to make a way with.” According to Merriam Webster Dictionary, this word acts as a verb with a meaning “to steal money you’ve been trusted with.”
In my view, this word refers the ones who work in finance division that steal the company’s or organizations’s fund.
There are some related words to “embezzle,” such as “misappropriate,” “misuse,” “preempt,” “peculate,” etc. Lastly, here are some examples of sentences that contains embezzle:
1. “She was arrested from emblezzing his company’s.”
2. “He’s aware that his boss embezzle the company’s money, but he pretends to not know about it.”
Fellas, do you like to read the news? We can get many information from the news. The sources we can read the news from vary. We can read the news on the newspaper, magazine, or online news portals. Reading the news in English can also improve our vocabulary.
On today’s session, we will start with this paragraph:
It’s the temple that brought Londonderry together. On Saturday they burnt it down.
Catholics and Protestants have a long history of conflict in this Northern Irish city.
But volunteers from both communities came together to build the structure. Thousands left personal messages of peace inside.
Organisers say the fire symbolises letting go of the past.
From the paragraph, we can find some vocabularies like:
Temple = a building used to pray
To burn something down = to destroy it with fire
Conflict = a serious disagreement or argument between two people or more
Volunteers = people who offer to work without being paid
Symbolise = to represent an idea
Fellas, let’s start the quiz! Fill in the blank with vocabularies that we found from the news that I shared previously. Use hashtag #EngQuiz to share your answer.
1. Since the last train left in 1998, the once regal station has come to (…..) Detroit.
2. Whatever the issue was, the (….) between Rachel and Soga remained.
3. The camp ground was manned on a (….) basis.
4. She was worried that the house might (….) while they were away.
5. This year, the date on which Gandhi was murdered was marked by attempts by right-wing Hindus to build a (….) to honour the Gods.