All posts by sherly99blog

#EngKnowledge: International Phonetic Alphabet

Hi fellas, how was your weekend?

Today we will talk about international phonetic alphabet.

Some people forget how to spell the alphabet when they got asked to.

There are many lists of phonetic alphabet, from NATO & international aviation, british forces 1952, RAF 1942-43, Telecom B, British A or international, NY police, French, German, Italian, Spanish.

The widely used one is the phonetic alphabet by NATO.

The 26 code words in the NATO phonetic alphabet are assigned to the 26 letters of the English alphabet in alphabetical order as follows:

A – Alpha

B – Bravo

C – Charlie

D – Delta

E – Echo

F – Foxtrot

G – Golf

H – Hotel

I – India

J – Juliett

K – Kilo

L – Lima

M – Mike

N – November

O – Oscar

P – Papa

Q – Quebec

R – Romeo

S – Sierra

T – Tango

U – Uniform

V – Victor

W – Whiskey

X – Xray

Y – Yankee

Z – Zulu

Can you spell your full name fellas?

That’s all for today fellas, have a nice rest. See you next sunday.
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 23, 2016.


#EngClass: Time related adverb clause

Adverb clauses are subordinate clauses that show relationships between ideas related to time, cause and effect, contrast and condition.


Some common used time related adverb clauses:

  1.  After means after that moment. ‘After’ takes the present for future events and the past or past perfect for past events.
    • Example:
      • After she graduates, she will get a job.
  2. Before means before that moment. ‘Before’ takes after the simple past or the present.
    • Example:
      • l left before he came.
  3. When means at the moment, at that time. ‘When’ takes either the simple past or the present. The dependent clause changes tense in relation to the when clause.
    • Example:
      • When I got there, he had already left.


There are others time related adverb clauses like while as, by the time, since, until, etc. Okay, why don’t you try some exercises.


1. We will finish after he ……….
2. He was talking on the phone when I ……….
3. I will leave before he ……….
4. When I was in Chicago, I ……….. the museums.
5. When it began to rain, I ………. under the tree.
6. I washed the dishes when my daughter ………. asleep.
7. When I ………. him tomorrow, I will ask him.


Composed and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 16, 2016

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#EngQuiz: Noun Clause from Question Word

​Hi fellas, how was your weekend? I went to my friend’s wedding and had fun there..

Today we will talk about noun clause from question word, also called embedded question.

The noun clause comes after the main verb in the sentence.

Do not use question word order in a noun clause, use question word + subject + verb order and keep the same tense.

For the question without subject ( the subject is question word), the word order is the same in both question and the noun clause.

Do, does, and did are used in the questions but not in noun clauses.

E.g. *Where does she lives? I don’t know where she lives.

* Which road should I take? I wonder which road I should take.

* Whose pen is this? Do you know whose pen is this?
Why don’t you try some exercises

1. What did he say? I couldn’t hear …

2. When do they arrive? Do you know … ?

3. Who lives there? I don’t know …

4. What happened? Please tell me …

5. What was he talking about? … was interesting.

6. How old is he? I don’t know …

7. Whose house is that? I wonder …

8. Whose pen is this? Do you know … ?

9. Where do you live? Please tell me …

10. What did she say? … wasn’t true.

11. How much does it cost? I can’t remember …

12. Which one does he want? Let’s ask him …

13. What are we doing in class? … is easy.

14. Who are those people? I don’t know …

15. Where did she go? … is none of your business.

16. Who is coming to the party? I don’t know …
Answers: 1. What he said; 2. When they arrive; 3. Who lives there; 4. What happened; 5. What he was talking about; 6. How old he is; 7. Whose house that is; 8. Whose pen this is; 9. Where you live; 10. What he said; 11. How much it costs; 12. Which one he wants; 13. What we are doing in class; 14. Who those people are; 15. Where she went; 16. Who is coming to the party.
That’s all for today fellas. See you next sunday.
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 9, 2016.

#EngClass: Conjunction

‘Conjunction’ is a word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause.

Types of conjunction

There are three types of conjuction:

  • Coordinating conjunctions: ‘for,’ ‘and,’ ‘nor,’ ‘but,’ ‘or,’ ‘yet,’ ‘so.’
  • Correlative conjunctions: ‘either… or…,’ ‘neither… nor…,’ ‘not only… but also…,’ ‘both… and…’
  • Common subordinating conjunctions: ‘after,’ ‘before,’ ‘although,’ ‘though,’ ‘even though,’ ‘as much as,’ ‘as long as,’ ‘as soon as,’ ‘because,’ ‘since,’ ‘so that,’ ‘in order that,’ ‘if,’ ‘even if,’ ‘that,’ ‘unless,’ ‘until,’ ‘whether,’ ‘while.’

Conjunctions and their meanings

  1. ‘Although’/’even though.’ Meaning: it doesn’t matter or make a difference.
    • Example:
      • “Although/Even though I have the money, I won’t buy the shoes.”
  2. ‘And.’ Meaning: non-contrasting item(s) or idea(s); in addition; extra; plus.
    • Example:
      • “I enjoy tea and cookies when I eat a snack.”
  3. ‘Because.’ Meaning: the reason is…
    • Example:
      • “I got wet because I forgot my umbrella.”
  4. ‘But.’ Meaning: a contrast or exception.
    • Example:
      • “They gamble but they don’t smoke.”
  5. ‘Or.’ Meaning: an alternative item or idea.
    • Example:
      • ‘I can’t decide if I want an apple or a banana with my yogurt.”
  6. ‘For.’ Meaning: is almost like because or since; it introduces, in a formal tone, a reason.
    • Example:
      • “He is gambling with his health, for he has been smoking since high school.”
  7. ‘Nor.’ Meaning: an alternative negative idea or though.
    • Express:
      • “Brian did not like singing, nor did he like dancing.”
  8. ‘Yet.’ Meaning: a contrary but logical idea will follow
    • Example:
      • “Shelly is a quite yet very outgoing girl.”
  9. ‘So.’ Meaning: suggest that a consequence will follow
    • Example:
      • “He hate to drink milk, so he try to drink soy for breakfast.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 2, 2016

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#EngVocab: Telephone Phrasal Verbs

​Hi fellas, how was your week? I hope it was great.

Today we will learn about telephone phrasal verbs.

A phrasal verb is made up of a verb plus a preposition or an adverb that function as a single verb.
Let’s start

1. Ring up / Call up: to call someone, a group or a company on the telephone. –> I’ll try to ring up his wife and get his telephone number.

2. Ring back / call back: to telephone somone again or to telephone someone who has telephoned you. –> I will call back when I can.

3. Hang on / hold on: to wait for a short time. –> Hang on please, I’m just putting you through.

4. Hang up: to end a telephone conversation and put the phone down. –> It’s very rude to hang up in the middle of conversation.

5. Get through: to succeed in speaking to someone on the telephone.–> I called the minister three times but I couldn’t get through.

6. Pick up: to answer a telephone call. –> Pick up the phone, please!

7. Speak up: to speak louder. –> Please speak up, I can’t hear you.

8. Cut off: to interrupt a telephone conversation. –> I am sorry, I cut off the telephone by accident.

9. Put through: to connect by telephone. –> I will put you through to Mr. Shane’s phone.

10. Break up: to become inaudible over the telephone, usually because of bad connection. –> You’re breaking up, I’ll call you back in a minute and see if we get a better connection.
How is it fellas? Do you understand it? I hope you understand how to use telephone phrasal verbs in daily conversation.

That’s all for today. See you next sunday.
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 11, 2016.

#EngTips: Mathematics word problems

In mathematics, the term “word problem” is often used to refer to any mathematical exercise which significant background information on the problem is presented as text rather than in mathematical notation.

Steps to solve word problems:

  1. Read the problem carefully, understand it.
  2. Underline the key words or the operation words and think about them.
  3. Do your working. Draw a picture if needed and write a number sentence for the problem, solve it.
  4. Carry the answer. Check your answer and communicate the solution, explain it.

Key words and catch phrases for word problems:

  1. Addition words: ‘add’, ‘altogether’, ‘both’, ‘in all’, ‘sum’, ‘total’, ‘combined’.
  2. Subtraction words: ‘difference’, ‘fewer’, ‘how many more’, ‘how much more’, ‘left’, ‘less’, ‘minus’, ‘need to’, ‘remains’, ‘subtract’, ‘-er’.
  3. Multiplication words: ‘times’, ‘every’, ‘at this rate’.
  4. Division words: ‘each’, ‘average’, ‘evenly’, ‘equal parts’, ‘distribute’, ‘separate’, ‘split’.

Why don’t you try some exercises.


  1. Elin has six more balls than Mei. Mei has nine balls. How many balls does Elin have?
  2. Jane has nine oranges and Sani has seven oranges. How many oranges do Jane and Sani have together?
  3. Ken’s apple weighs 100 grams, and Dan’s apple weighs 80 grams. How heavier is Ken’s apple?
  4. Kim buys 2 apples everyday. How many apples does she buy in a week?
  5. Ed reads 25 words per minute. At this rate, how many words does he read in one hour?
  6. Nick has 75 pencils and 15 boxes. How many pencils should he pack in each box so each box gets the same number of pencils?


  1. Fifteen.
  2. Sixteen.
  3. 20 grams.
  4. Fourteen.
  5. 1500.
  6. Five.

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 4, 2016



#EngKnowledge: Bruxism

​Hi fellas,how was your weekend? I was busy as usual and i hope you had a nice one.

Today we will talk about bruxism. Do you know someone with bruxism or do you have it on your own?

Bruxism is a condition in which you grind, gnash or clench your teeth, typically during sleep.
Bruxism is considered to have multifactorial etiology. It has been assosiated with peripheral factors such as:

1. Tooth interference in dental occlusion.

2. Psychosocial influences such as stress or anxiety

3. Pathophysiological causes involving brain neurotransmitters or basal ganglia.
Some people actually clench their teeth and never feel symptoms.

Signs and symptoms of bruxism may include:

1. Teeth grinding or clenching, which may be loud enough like snorring.

2. Teeth are flattened, fractured, chipped or loose.

3. Hypersensitivity of the tooth because the enamel worn out.

4. Jaw or facial pain or soreness.

5. Pain that feels like an earache, but your ear don’t have any problem.

6. Damage from chewing on the inside of your cheek.

7. Tension-type headache.
If you experience any of these signs and symptoms, see your dentist. He or she can determine if you are a bruxer and how best to treat it.

Recommended treatments for bruxism (teeth grinding) include behavioural therapies and using mouth guards or mouth splints.

Other treatments, such as muscle relaxation exercises and sleep hygiene measures, may also help you manage your symptoms.

Even without special treatment, more than half of young children with bruxism stop grinding their teeth by age 13.

Many kids outgrow bruxism without treatment, and many adults don’t grind or clench their teeth badly enough to require theraphy.

It is better to have a regular check up with your dentist. So that if you have any problems on your mouth, he or she can acknowledge it early and treat it the best way.

Always care for your teeth health and hygiene. It is better to treat early than to regret later. 

That’s all for today fellas. See you next sunday.
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, August 28, 2016.

#EngQuiz: Adjectives vs. Adverbs

Hi fellas, how was your weekend? I was working this weekend as usual and I hope you had a nice one.

In this session I will give you exercises to differentiate adjectives and adverbs.

Adjectives describe nouns. In grammar, we say that adjectives modify nouns.
Adjectives give a little different meaning to a noun. Examples of adjectives: young, old, rich, poor.

Adverbs modify adjectives, verbs, or expressing a relation of place, time, cirumstance, etc.
Adverbs are often formed by adding -ly to adjectives.

Let’s start
1. I entered the classroom (quiet, quietly) because I was late.
2. The chair looks (comfortable, comfortably).
3. I looked at the problem (careful, carefully) and then tried to solve it.
4. I felt (sad, sadly) when I heard the news.
5. The math problem looks (easy, easily). I am sure I can do it (easy, easily).
6. The sky grew (dark, darkly) as the storm approached.
7. The man looked at me (angry, angrily). He looks (angry, angrily).
8. The girl smiled (cheerful, cheerfully). She seemed (cheerful, cheerfully).
9. The room got (quiet, quietly) when the professor entered. The students sat (quiet, quietly) on their chairs.
10. Monic speaks (soft, softly). She has a (soft, softly) voice.
11. The interview was (painful, painfully) to watch.
12. He watched her (thoughtful, thoughtfully) for a few moments.

Answers: 1. Quietly, 2. Comfortable, 3. Carefully, 4. Sad, 5. Easy – Easily, 6. Dark, 7. Angrily – Angry, 8. Cheerfully – Cheerful, 9. Quiet – Quietly, 10. Softly – Soft, 11. Painful, 12. Thoughtfully
There goes the answers to all 12 numbers. So what score did you get, fellas?

Ok fellas, that’s all for today session.
I hope you understand how to use adjectives and adverbs in daily conversation.
Don’t forget to visit our website
See you next sunday.

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, August 21, 2016