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#EngVocab: Telephone Phrasal Verbs

​Hi fellas, how was your week? I hope it was great.

Today we will learn about telephone phrasal verbs.

A phrasal verb is made up of a verb plus a preposition or an adverb that function as a single verb.
Let’s start

1. Ring up / Call up: to call someone, a group or a company on the telephone. –> I’ll try to ring up his wife and get his telephone number.

2. Ring back / call back: to telephone somone again or to telephone someone who has telephoned you. –> I will call back when I can.

3. Hang on / hold on: to wait for a short time. –> Hang on please, I’m just putting you through.

4. Hang up: to end a telephone conversation and put the phone down. –> It’s very rude to hang up in the middle of conversation.

5. Get through: to succeed in speaking to someone on the telephone.–> I called the minister three times but I couldn’t get through.

6. Pick up: to answer a telephone call. –> Pick up the phone, please!

7. Speak up: to speak louder. –> Please speak up, I can’t hear you.

8. Cut off: to interrupt a telephone conversation. –> I am sorry, I cut off the telephone by accident.

9. Put through: to connect by telephone. –> I will put you through to Mr. Shane’s phone.

10. Break up: to become inaudible over the telephone, usually because of bad connection. –> You’re breaking up, I’ll call you back in a minute and see if we get a better connection.
How is it fellas? Do you understand it? I hope you understand how to use telephone phrasal verbs in daily conversation.

That’s all for today. See you next sunday.
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 11, 2016.

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#EngTips: Mathematics word problems

In mathematics, the term “word problem” is often used to refer to any mathematical exercise which significant background information on the problem is presented as text rather than in mathematical notation.

Steps to solve word problems:

  1. Read the problem carefully, understand it.
  2. Underline the key words or the operation words and think about them.
  3. Do your working. Draw a picture if needed and write a number sentence for the problem, solve it.
  4. Carry the answer. Check your answer and communicate the solution, explain it.

Key words and catch phrases for word problems:

  1. Addition words: ‘add’, ‘altogether’, ‘both’, ‘in all’, ‘sum’, ‘total’, ‘combined’.
  2. Subtraction words: ‘difference’, ‘fewer’, ‘how many more’, ‘how much more’, ‘left’, ‘less’, ‘minus’, ‘need to’, ‘remains’, ‘subtract’, ‘-er’.
  3. Multiplication words: ‘times’, ‘every’, ‘at this rate’.
  4. Division words: ‘each’, ‘average’, ‘evenly’, ‘equal parts’, ‘distribute’, ‘separate’, ‘split’.

Why don’t you try some exercises.


PRACTICE:

  1. Elin has six more balls than Mei. Mei has nine balls. How many balls does Elin have?
  2. Jane has nine oranges and Sani has seven oranges. How many oranges do Jane and Sani have together?
  3. Ken’s apple weighs 100 grams, and Dan’s apple weighs 80 grams. How heavier is Ken’s apple?
  4. Kim buys 2 apples everyday. How many apples does she buy in a week?
  5. Ed reads 25 words per minute. At this rate, how many words does he read in one hour?
  6. Nick has 75 pencils and 15 boxes. How many pencils should he pack in each box so each box gets the same number of pencils?

ANSWERS:

  1. Fifteen.
  2. Sixteen.
  3. 20 grams.
  4. Fourteen.
  5. 1500.
  6. Five.

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 4, 2016


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#EngKnowledge: Bruxism

​Hi fellas,how was your weekend? I was busy as usual and i hope you had a nice one.

Today we will talk about bruxism. Do you know someone with bruxism or do you have it on your own?

Bruxism is a condition in which you grind, gnash or clench your teeth, typically during sleep.
Bruxism is considered to have multifactorial etiology. It has been assosiated with peripheral factors such as:

1. Tooth interference in dental occlusion.

2. Psychosocial influences such as stress or anxiety

3. Pathophysiological causes involving brain neurotransmitters or basal ganglia.
Some people actually clench their teeth and never feel symptoms.

Signs and symptoms of bruxism may include:

1. Teeth grinding or clenching, which may be loud enough like snorring.

2. Teeth are flattened, fractured, chipped or loose.

3. Hypersensitivity of the tooth because the enamel worn out.

4. Jaw or facial pain or soreness.

5. Pain that feels like an earache, but your ear don’t have any problem.

6. Damage from chewing on the inside of your cheek.

7. Tension-type headache.
If you experience any of these signs and symptoms, see your dentist. He or she can determine if you are a bruxer and how best to treat it.

Recommended treatments for bruxism (teeth grinding) include behavioural therapies and using mouth guards or mouth splints.

Other treatments, such as muscle relaxation exercises and sleep hygiene measures, may also help you manage your symptoms.

Even without special treatment, more than half of young children with bruxism stop grinding their teeth by age 13.

Many kids outgrow bruxism without treatment, and many adults don’t grind or clench their teeth badly enough to require theraphy.

It is better to have a regular check up with your dentist. So that if you have any problems on your mouth, he or she can acknowledge it early and treat it the best way.

Always care for your teeth health and hygiene. It is better to treat early than to regret later. 

That’s all for today fellas. See you next sunday.
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, August 28, 2016.

#EngQuiz: Adjectives vs. Adverbs

Hi fellas, how was your weekend? I was working this weekend as usual and I hope you had a nice one.

In this session I will give you exercises to differentiate adjectives and adverbs.

Adjectives describe nouns. In grammar, we say that adjectives modify nouns.
Adjectives give a little different meaning to a noun. Examples of adjectives: young, old, rich, poor.

Adverbs modify adjectives, verbs, or expressing a relation of place, time, cirumstance, etc.
Adverbs are often formed by adding -ly to adjectives.

Let’s start
1. I entered the classroom (quiet, quietly) because I was late.
2. The chair looks (comfortable, comfortably).
3. I looked at the problem (careful, carefully) and then tried to solve it.
4. I felt (sad, sadly) when I heard the news.
5. The math problem looks (easy, easily). I am sure I can do it (easy, easily).
6. The sky grew (dark, darkly) as the storm approached.
7. The man looked at me (angry, angrily). He looks (angry, angrily).
8. The girl smiled (cheerful, cheerfully). She seemed (cheerful, cheerfully).
9. The room got (quiet, quietly) when the professor entered. The students sat (quiet, quietly) on their chairs.
10. Monic speaks (soft, softly). She has a (soft, softly) voice.
11. The interview was (painful, painfully) to watch.
12. He watched her (thoughtful, thoughtfully) for a few moments.

Answers: 1. Quietly, 2. Comfortable, 3. Carefully, 4. Sad, 5. Easy – Easily, 6. Dark, 7. Angrily – Angry, 8. Cheerfully – Cheerful, 9. Quiet – Quietly, 10. Softly – Soft, 11. Painful, 12. Thoughtfully
There goes the answers to all 12 numbers. So what score did you get, fellas?

Ok fellas, that’s all for today session.
I hope you understand how to use adjectives and adverbs in daily conversation.
Don’t forget to visit our website englishtips4u.com
See you next sunday.

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, August 21, 2016