All posts by sherly99blog

#EngVocab: Other Ways to Say ‘Tired’

Do you know other words to describe tiredness?
Today we will learn other ways to say ‘tired’.

Let’s start.

  • Debilitated: in severely weakened state.

E.g. “He is debilitated after the treatment.”

  • Weary: feeling extremely tired, especially as a result of excessive exertion.

Note: ‘Exertion’ is the physical or perceived use of energy.
E.g. “They felt weary after all the hard work.”

  • Jaded: exhausted; losing interest because you have experienced something too many times.

E.g. “You look jaded, you need a holiday.”

  • Sapped: gradually weaken; exhausted of all your reserve energy.

E.g. “Loss of bloods has sapped his movements.”

  • Enervated: feel drained of energy or vitality.

E.g. “If you feel enervated by the heat, let’s go swimming.”

  1. Prostrate: completely overcome and lacking vitality, will, or power to rise.
    E.g. “She was prostrate with grief after her son’s death.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, February 2, 2019.


#WOTD: Pretermit

Today we will learn about ‘pretermit’.
Do you know the meaning of the word ‘pretermit’?

‘Pretermit’ is a verb.
‘Pretermit’ is pronounced as /ˌprēdərˈmit/.

‘Pretermit’ means to neglect (leave undone or leave out); to disregard intentionally (allow to pass unnoticed or unmentioned).

Some synonims of ‘pretermit’:
1. Omit.
2. Ignore.
3. Abandon.
4. Overlook.

Examples of ‘pretermit’ in sentences:
“He wants to pretermit anything that will remind him of his childhood.”

Examples of ‘pretermit’ in sentences:
“My company has pretermitted the invitation to work with other companies.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, January 20, 2019.

#WOTD: Obtuse

Today we will learn about ‘obtuse’.

Do you know the meaning of the word ‘obtuse’?
‘Obtuse’ means annoyingly insensitive or slow to understand.

Someone who is obtuse has difficulty understanding things, slow on the uptake or makes no effort to understand them.

Examples of ‘obtuse’ in sentences:
“Perhaps I’m being obtuse, but I don’t understand what you’re so upset about.”
“You were too obtuse to take the hint.”
“She seemed a bit obtuse after being called by the manager.”

Some synonims of ‘obtuse’:

  • Dim.
  • Dense.
  • Dull.
  • Slow-witted.
  • Stupid.

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, January 6, 2019.

#EngVocab: Substitutes of “Little”

Do you know other words to say ‘little’?
Today we will learn about the substitutes of ‘little’.

Let’s start.

  • Petite: small and thin in an attractive way (of a woman).

E.g. “My aunt is petite, pretty, and very ambitious.

  • Pygmy: the smallest of a group (of animals or plants).

E.g. “No pygmy owls were present when we went to the bird sanctuary.”

  • Minuscule: very tiny.

E.g. “The film was shot in a minuscule amount of time.”

  • Skimpy: very small in size or amount.

E.g. They provided only skimpy details of the event.”

  • Wee: small; little (informal).

E.g. “I’ll have a wee drop of cream in my coffee.”

  • Puny: Small, tiny and weak.

E.g. “They laughed at my puny efforts.”

  • Diminutive: extremely or unusually small.

E.g. “She was a diminutive figure beside her big friend.”

  • Teeny: very small (informal).

E.g. “My cousin gave just a teeny slice of cake for me.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, December 16, 2018.

#EngClass: Blending Words (5)

Today we will learn more about ‘blending words’.

You can review the first lesson here
You can review the second lesson here
You can review the third lesson here
You can review the fourth lesson here

Here are some examples of blending words:

  • Cinedigm (cinema + paradigm).

Meaning: a new paradigm in cinema.
E.g. “The musical poetry become a cinedigm in recent years.”

  • Cosplay (costume + play).

Meaning: dressing up and pretending to be a fictional character.
E.g. “The most popular cosplay theme is anime character.”

  • Docudrama (documentary + drama).

Meaning: a dramatized television movie based on real events.
E.g. “They are making a docudrama about the controversial court case.”

  • Knowledge base (knowledge + database).

Meaning: a database used for knowledge sharing and management.
E.g. “Building a knowledge base system becomes one of the key point in the study.”

  • Imagineering (imagination + engineering).

Meaning: the implementation of creative ideas in practical form.
E.g. “This imagineering can probably attract the attention of the crowd.”

  • Ginormous (gigantic + enormous).

Meaning: extremely large.
E.g. “Our orders came in two ginormous boxes.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, December 2, 2018.

#EngVocab: Substitutes of ‘Beautiful’ (2)

Today we will learn more about other ways to say ‘beautiful’.
You can review the first lesson here

Let’s start.

  • Marvelous: causing great wonder; extraordinary.

E.g. “It was a marvelous performance.”

  • Angelic: exceptionally beautiful, innocent, or kind.

E.g. “She had an angelic smile.”

  • Slick: smooth and glossy (of skin or hair).

E.g. “His hair was dark brown and perfectly slick.”

  • Striking: noticeable, outstanding, attracting notice or attention.

E.g. “His eyes are his most striking feature.”

  • Swell: great or excellent; wealthy; elegant person (slang).

E.g. “You look swell in that dress!”

  • Enchanting: delightfully charming or attractive.

E.g. “The birds in the aviary at the zoo were enchanting.”

  • Flawless: without any blemished or imperfections; perfect.

E.g. “She had flawless olive skin and huge eyes with clear and bright pupil.”

  • Refined: elegant and cultured in appearance, manner, or taste.

E.g. “He has refined taste and manners.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, November 18, 2018.

#EngVocab: Substitutes of ‘Beautiful’

Do you know other words to say ‘beautiful’?
Today we will learn about the substitutes of ‘beautiful’.

Let’s start.

  • Exquisite: very beautiful and delicate.

E.g. “Her wedding dress was absolutely exquisite.”

  • Splendid: excellent; very impressive.

E.g. “The fireworks looked very splendid in the dark sky.”

  • Astonishing: causing a feeling of great surprise or wonder; very surprising.

E.g. “The old man had an astonishing performance.”

  • Magnificent: very good; deserving to be admired.

E.g. “The scenery has a magnificent view.”

  • Breathtaking: inspiring or exciting.

E.g. “The house has breathtaking views from every room.”

  • Divine: extremely good, pleasant, or enjoyable.

E.g. “Their new place is quite divine.”

  • Ravishing: unusually attractive, pleasing, or striking.

E.g. “She looked absolutely ravishing in that dress.”

  • Delightful: giving great pleasure; highly pleasing.

E.g. “It has been a delightful evening.”

  • Dazzling: briliantly or showily bright, colorful, or impressive.

E.g. “The actor gave a dazzling smile in the movie premiere.”

  • Fetching: pleasant or attractive.

E.g. “You look very fetching in that hat.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, November 4, 2018.

#EngVocab: Phrasal Verbs Related to Work (2)

Do you know phrasal verbs related to work?
Today we will learn more about phrasal verbs related to work.
You can review the first lesson here

Let’s start.

  • Call off.

Meaning: to decide that a planned event will not happen.
Example: “My boss decided to call off the meeting.”

  • Run by.

Meaning: tell someone about an idea or plan so that they can give you their opinion.
Example: “It would be better to run by the idea with your manager first.”

  • Fill in for.

Meaning: to do somebody’s job for a short time while they are not there.
Example: Can you fill in for me for a few minutes?”

  • Drum up.

Meaning: to get support or business through hard work and effort.
Example: “He was trying to drum up the project.”

  • Take on.

Meaning: to agree to be responsible for something.
Example: “Don’t take on more than you can handle.”

  • Burn out.

Meaning: to become very phisically and emotionally tired by working too hard over a period of time.
Example: “Stop doing this high pressure job. You could burn out young.”

  • Draw up.

Meaning: prepare something in writing, especially an official document.
Example: “Both companies agree to draw up the contract.”

  • Knock off (informal).

Meaning: to leave work at the end of the day or stop working for a short break.
Example: “Do you want to knock off early today?”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 7, 2018.

#EngVocab: Substitutes of ‘Big’

Do you know other words to say ‘big’?
Today we will learn about the substitutes of ‘big’.

Let’s start.

  • Colossal: extraordinarily great in size, extent, or degree.

E.g. “The owner was asking for a colossal amount of money for the house.”

  • Burly: large and strong; heavily built (of a person).

E.g. “A burly figure came towards him from across the road.”

  • Tremendous: very great in amount, scale, or intensity.

E.g. “We went to a tremendous party.”

  • Massive: large and heavy or solid.

E.g. “Eight massive stone pillars supported the roof.”

  • Strapping: healthy, big, and strong (especially of young person).

E.g. “My aunt remembered my brother as a strapping youth with a big appetite.”

  • Hefty: large in amount, size, force, etc.

E.g. “The film contains a hefty dose of comedy.”

  • Ample: more than enough; plentiful.

E.g. “You will have ample opportunity to ask questions after the presentation.”

  • Immense: marked by greatness especially in size or degree.

E.g. “The immense pressure causes the rock to fracture.”

  • Humongous: very huge (informal American slang).

E.g. “They have a humongous dog.”

  • Vast: very spacious or large; of great extent.

E.g. “Vast areas of land have become desert.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 9, 2018.

#EngVocab: Substitutes of ‘Delicious’

Do you know other words to say ‘delicious’?
Today we will learn about the substitutes of ‘delicious’.
Let’s start.

  1. Toothsome: extremely pleasing to the sense of taste.
    E.g. “The restaurant which once served a toothsome steak has closed.”
  2. Savory: full of flavor, delicious and tasty; usually something that someone has cooked.
    E.g. “She placed a huge dish of savory steaming meat before him.”
  3. Zestful: a taste which is spicy and flavorsome.
    E.g. “The drink has a zestful black cherry flavor.”
  4. Scrumptious: extremely appetizing or delicious.
    E.g. “We had a scrumptious lunch.”
  5. Palatable: acceptable to the palate; pleasant to taste.
    E.g. “The meal was barely palatable.”
  6. Luscious: having a pleasingly rich, sweet taste.
    E.g. “The dessert has great appearance and luscious flavor.”
  7. Delectable: looking or tasting extremely good.
    E.g. “The vegetable makes the food delectable.”
  8. Enticing: attractive or tempting; alluring.
    E.g. “An enticing smell came from the kitchen.”
  9. Ambrosial: exceptionally pleasing to taste or smell; especially delicious or fragrant.
    E.g. “We can smell the ambrosial aroma of the roast.”
  10. Sapid: having a strong, pleasant taste.
    E.g. “You should try this, the food has a sapid, harmonic taste.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, August 26, 2018.

#EngVocab: Substitutes of ‘Go’

Do you know other words to say ‘go’?
Today we will learn about the substitutes of ‘go’.

Let’s start.

  1. Pace: walk at a steady and consistent speed.
    E.g. “She quickened her pace when she thought someone was following her.”
  2. Stroll: walk in a slow, relaxed manner.
    E.g. “We sometimes stroll along the beach.”
  3. Travel: to make a journey, usually over a long distance.
    E.g. “My friend is travelling alone to United States.”
  4. Waddle: walk with short steps in a clumsy swaying motion.
    E.g. “My little brother is waddling around the living room.”
  5. Wander: walk or move in a leisurely, casual, or aimless way.
    E.g. “We are wandering all day around the city.”
  6. Lope: run or move with in an easy and relaxed way, taking a long bounding strike.
    E.g. “They would lope out to the park two miles away and walk back.”
  7. Move: the act of changing location from one place to another.
    E.g. “He stood up and began to move around the room.”
  8. Hurtle: move with a rushing sound.
    E.g. “His motorboat hurtled along the river.”
  9. Abscond: run away; usually includes taking something along.
    E.g. “He attempted to abscond from the punishment.”
  10. Evade: escape or avoid something either physically or mentally.
    E.g. “I could tell that he was trying to evade the issue.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on August 12, 2018.

#EngClass: Blending Words (4)

Today we will learn more about ‘blending words’.

You can review the first lesson here.
You can review the second lesson here.
You can review the third lesson here.

Here are some examples of blending words:

  1. Globish (global + English).
    Meaning: a simplified version of English used by non-native speakers, consisting of the most common words and phrases only.
  2. Medicare (medical + care).
    Meaning: maintenance and restoration of health by the treatment and prevention of disease especially by trained and licensed professionals (as in medicine, dentistry, clinical psychology, and public health).
  3. Urinalysis: (urine + analysis).
    Meaning: analysis of urine by physical, chemical, and microscopical means to test for the presence of disease, drugs, etc.
  4. Hi-tech (high + technology).
    Meaning: resembling or making use of highly advanced technology or devices.
  5. Transistor (transfer + resistor).
    Meaning: a small electrical device containing a semiconductor, used in televisions, radios, etc.
  6. Vash (volcanic + ash).
    Meaning: very small solid particles ejected from a volcano during an eruption which have intermediate axes measuring 2 mm or less.
  7. Workfare: (work + welfare).
    Meaning: a welfare system that requires those receiving benefits to perform some work or to participate in job training.
  8. Mediclaim (medical + claim).
    Meaning: medical bill submitted to health insurance carriers and other insurance providers for services rendered to patients by providers of care. When you go to the doctor, hospital or other provider, your service generates a bill.
  9. Skylab (sky + laboratory).
    Meaning: a space station used for scientific, research and development, medical and/or dental testing, experimentation and/or research.
  10. Vegeburger (vegetable + burger).
    Meaning: a patty resembling a hamburger but made with vegetable protein, soybeans, etc., instead of meat.
  11. Lecdem (lecture + demonstration).
    Meaning: presentation of an example of what the lecturer is discoursing about.
  12. Infotech (information + technology).
    Meaning: The hardware, software, and associated technology and businesses that are composed or related to the practice and business of information technology.

Google dictionary

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 29, 2018.

#EngVocab: Medical Conditions (3)

Today we will learn about some other words that are used to describe medical conditions.

You can review the first lesson here

And the second lesson here

Let’s start:

  1. Cyst: lined cavity containing fluid or a solid material.
    E.g. “My brother had a painful cyst near his kidney.”

  2. Atopy: alergic skin disease caused by enviromental antigen.
    E.g. “Her atopy is getting worse.”

  3. Alopecia: partial or complete hair loss.
    E.g. “The new drug does not cure alopecia.”

  4. Abcess: subcutaneous collection of puss.
    E.g. “The doctor has to drain an abcess in his arm.”

  5. Dehydrated: in need of water.
    E.g. “Drink lots of water to avoid becoming dehydrated.”

  6. Focal: the infection is limited to one part of the body.
    E.g. “The symptom is leading to focal brain dysfunction.”

  7. Bariatric: relating to the causes and the treatment of obesity.
    E.g. “The doctor has to perform bariatrix surgery.”

  8. Infantile: affecting young children.
    E.g. “My cousin is suffering from infantile eczema.”

  9. Crippling: causing someone to be physically disabled, especially unable to walk.
    E.g. “The crippling disease kept him in bed for months.”

  10. Febrile: relating to a fever.
    E.g. “The epidemic febrile disease comes with severe headache.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 15, 2018.

#EngClass: Blending Words (3)

Today we will learn more about ‘blending words’.
You can review the first lesson here
You can review the second lesson here

Here are some examples of blending words:
1. Dramedy (drama + comedy).
Meaning: a movie or TV programme that combines elements of drama and comedy.

  1. Chillax (chill + relax).
    Meaning: to become calm and relax.

  2. Hangry (hungry + angry).
    Meaning: bad-tempered or irritable as a result of hunger.

  3. Brainiac (brain + maniac).
    Meaning: someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality.

  4. Snark (snide + remark).
    Meaning: an attitude or expression of mocking irreverence and sarcasm.

  5. Infomercial (information + commercial).
    Meaning: a TV programme that promotes a product in an informative and supposedly objective way.

  6. Chocoholic (chocolate + alcoholic).
    Meaning: a person who is addicted to chocolate.

  7. Moped (motor + pedal).
    Meaning: a low-power, lightweight motorized bicycle.

  8. Edutainment (education + entertainment).
    Meaning: things which are designed to be entertaining and educational at the same time.

  9. Jeggings (jeans + leggings).
    Meaning: tight-fitting stretch pants, made to look like denim.

  10. Vitamin (vital + amine).
    Meaning: substances that you need in order to remain healthy.

  11. Malware (malicious + softwarehic).
    Meaning: any program or file that is intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server, or computer network.

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 1, 2018.

#EngClass: Blending Words (2)

Today we will learn more about ‘blending words’.
You can review the first lesson here.

A blending word is a word that is made up of parts of other words that are combined to form a new word with a new meaning.
Usually ‘blending words’ are made by joining the beginning of one word and the end of another.
Blending words can also be called portmanteau words.

Here are some examples of blending words:

  1. Blog (web + log).
    Meaning: a regularly updated website or web page, usually run by an individual or small group, containing a writer’s or group of writers’ own experiences, observations, opinions, etc.
  2. Brunch (breakfast + lunch).
    Meaning: a late morning meal eaten at a time between breakfast and lunch, replacing the two meals with one instead.
  3. Cyborg (cybernetic + organism).
    Meaning: a fictional or hypothetical human being with physical abilities that are beyond a normal human because mechanical elements have been built into the body.
  4. Frenemy (friend + enemy).
    Meaning: a person who is a friend even though there is an underlying dislike or rivalry in the relationship.
  5. Glamping (glamorous + camping).
    Meaning: luxury camping or glamprous camping, involving accommodation and facilities more luxurious than traditional camping.
  6. Humongous (huge + monstrous).
    Meaning: very big, both of these words mean large so putting the two words together indicates that something is extremely big.
  7. Internet (international + network).
    Meaning: the global communication network that allows computers around the world to connect and share information.
  8. Mocktail (mock + cocktail).
    Meaning: a cocktail that has no alcohol in it, consisting of a mixture of fruit juices or other soft drinks.
  9. Spanglish (Spanish + English).
    Meaning: a mix of words and idioms from both Spanish and English, often used by people who know both languages well.
  10. Spork (spoon + fork).
    Meaning: an eating utensil that is shaped like both a spoon and fork, often has a rounded spoon shape with short prongs at the end like a fork.
  11. Staycation (stay + vacation).
    Meaning: a budget-friendly alternative to a vacation in which people stay at home during their time off from work.
  12. Affluenza (affluence + influenza).
    Meaning: the guilt or lack of motivation experienced by people who have made or inherited large amounts of money.

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, June 17, 2018.

#EngVocab: Medical Conditions (2)

Today we will learn about some other words that are used to describe medical conditions.
You can review the first lesson here

Let’s start:

  1. Virulent: a disease or poison that is extremely severe or harmful in its effect.
    E.g. “The epidemic was caused by a particularly virulent germ.”
  2. Strangulated: an organ or other part inside the body has become tightly pressed, blocking the flow of blood or air through it.
    E.g. “He was suffering from a strangulated hernia.”
  3. Suspected: the doctors are not sure yet about the real medical conditions.
    E.g. “He has a suspected broken leg.”
  4. Sytemic: the disease is affecting the entire body.
    E.g. “My uncle has a systemic vascular disease.”
  5. Terminal: an incurable disease that will cause someone to die.
    E.g. “My grandpa has terminal lung cancer.”
  6. Refractory: the disease doesn’t respond to the treatment.
    E.g. “The dog has refractory parasite dermatitis.”
  7. Self-induced: a medical condition that you cause yourself.
    E.g. “The anorexics do self-induced vomiting.”
  8. Sporadic: a disease that occurs occasionally, rarely, without regularity.
    E.g. “They found a sporadic human infection with swine influenza.”
  9. Perforated: a hole in part of your body caused by an accident or disease.
    E.g. “A broken ribs perforated into his lung.”
  10. Psychosomatic: the disease is related to the mind-body interrelationship.
    E.g. “Children are just as susceptible to psychosomatic conditions as adults.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, April 13, 2018.

#EngVocab: Medical Conditions

Today we will learn about some words that are used to describe medical conditions.
Medical conditions usually have some symptoms and signs.
Some words related to medical conditions:

  1. Acute: an illness that is short in duration, rapidly progressive, and in need of urgent care.
    E.g. “He’s suffering from an acute infection of the lower respiratory tract.”
  2. Advance: the disease is already ahead in development because it has already had some time to spread.
    E.g. “You may have an advanced cancer.”
  3. Asymptomatic: the disease show no physical signs of a medical problem.
    E.g. “It is commonly asymptomatic in anaemic patients.”
  4. Autoimmune: antibodies attack normal cells or substances that naturally present in the body.
    E.g. “The patient had been diagnosed with unclassified autoimmune disease.”
  5. Chronic: an illness that is characterized by long duration or frequent recurrence.
    E.g. “He was suffering from chronic bronchitis.”
  6. Congenital: a disease or physical abnormality present at birth.
    E.g. “He has a congenital heart defect.”
  7. Contagious: a disease that can spread from one person to another by direct or indirect contact.
    E.g. “The infection is highly contagious, so don’t let anyone else use your towel.”
  8. Degenerative: a disease that gradually gets worse, resulting in loss of function in the organs or tissues.
    E.g. “Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease due to the wear and tear of joint cartilage.”
  9. Epidemic: a widespread occurence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
    E.g. “Doctors are struggling to contain the epidemic.”
  10. Generalized: an infection that has entered the bloodstream, affecting most of the body.
    E.g. “She experienced an increase in generalized aches and pains.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, April 29, 2018.

#EngClass: Expressing Illness (2)

Today we will talk about expressing illnesses.
Illness means a disease or period of sickness affecting the body or mind.
You can review the first lesson here
We use the word ‘illness’ to talk about times when we are in poor health, or are feeling generally unwell.
If a part of the body feel hurt or pain, we can use the word ‘ache’.
Ache means that your body suffer a continuous, prolonged dull pain.
To say that a part of your body is hurt, you can combine it with the word ‘ache’.

Some common words with ‘ache’:
1. Earache: pain in the ear.
E.g. “I’ve got a terrible earache and a sore throat.”
2. Backache, usually called ‘back pain’: pain in low or upper back.
E.g. “Poor posture for a period of time is worsening my backache.”
3. Bellyache: pain in the bowels.
E.g. “The bad water gave me bellyache.”

Other common illness:
1. Diarrhea: repeated bowel movement in which makes the body’s solid waste more liquid.
E.g. “My brother got severe diarrhea.”
2. Hemorrhage: an escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel.
E.g. “He sank into coma after suffering a brain hemorrhage.”
3. Acne: the occurence of inflamed or infected sebaceous glands in the skin.
E.g. “She had terrible acne when she was younger.”
4. Asthma: a medical condition (spasms in the broncho of the lungs) that makes breathing difficult.
E.g. “I think he’s having an asthma attack.”
5. Nausea: a feeling of sickness with an inclination to vomit.
E.g. “He was overcome with nausea after eating some bad food.”

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, April 14, 2018.